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tv   EPA Administrator Gina Mc Carthy Discusses Environmental Policy  CSPAN  November 23, 2016 12:07am-1:09am EST

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70% -- 17%. 10 companies alone make up about 30% of your revenue. you depend on a small number of customers. for us. common we have been consistent to the years, about 30% of revenue coming from our top 10. and whatsapp, we don't put them in that category as much. they're what we call a variable customer. their use can go up and down. the way we do business with whatsapp is very different than how we do business with nearly every other customer. we have nearly 30,000 active customers, and nine have this variable behavior. our team andd on
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the business and our employees. they're the reason why we wake up in the morning. then we have this gravy over here which is our variable customer base. gravy. lucrative you must wants to get a few more of these big whales on your board. >> let's separate whales from gravy metaphors. customerswe want big and happy customers and customers who have a lot of predictability to how they do business with us. we don't go out of our way to who aree customers going to be large and unpredictable. that is the distinction that we make between the variable customers, wherein their usage of us essentially can vacillate pretty big, pretty large. at customers for whom we have a very large case i consistently grows in my to put business.
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we focus more on the latter. you did release the enterprise plan earlier this month. you get her does you are going after the bigger enterprises, which is different from your regular model of selling directly to developers. >> i don't think it is. what we are already seeing in our customer base is that focus on developers pays off in april wide variety of companies. developers are becoming influential in every kind of organization. has plus where to move to the market. when is the last time you walked into a bank retail branch? now, the mobile app is the bank to you now. are more software developers than shoe designers. goldman sachs employees more software developers than facebook.
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going on where every company is becoming a software company. as they do, developers are so influential in those companies. the fact that we focus on developers a lot is to get into these companies that 15 years ago might have had a waited top-down sales process. influenced byg developers, bringing in a tool that they used to sell the job. what you still need to clear what hurdles, and that is it does is it make sure the developer in large bank wants to the platform but there is a security or compliance team that says that we need these audits abilities and all these different things in place. the terprise allows the organization to send have all the things we need so that we
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can go into production and be successful at scale. >> are you increasing your enterprise sales force? >> we have had a sales force for a long time. it has helped customers to adopt . what we're seeing is a developer will bring us in and oftentimes you need a salesperson to cause had. what is interesting is this isn't your typical enterprise like heavyweight and a lot of golf and shenanigans. kind oft that traditional enterprise sales process. it is a relatively light touch developer let approach. when a developer builds the prototype without asking anybody on their own credit card and then they show it off internally saying that women play round of ideas and show it. the business is its great puts it in front of customers, now you have some compliance or
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security conversations to have. and that they just to let me walk in with purely sales collateral, put me up against five other competitors who are all going to do our key responses in that thing. they've already shown that it works and heads value. that is the lowest risk approach for the business at our sales team is there just to help the developer in many cases navigate their own organization and how they buy in order to get that prototype turned into a trial, turned into able production rollout. >> let's talk about the long tail as well, the other 30,000 users. growing, how do you get more of those guys onto your platform? >> we announced back in may that we have over one million developer accounts, which is a metric we are really proud of.
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you also have to realize there are 20 million developers in the world. we have 5% of the world developers, and that number is growing. byhink lb will be 25 million 2018. you have a very large number of developers in the world, so we are focused on continuing our developer outreach, getting its new communities and developer communities arranged geographically. communities not around geography, but around languages, and getting deeper into the java community, deeper into the microsoft community, deeper into the ways that developers identify and learn from each other while they embedded become part of those communities. let those developers know about tullio. we obviously have a lot of headroom, because there is a lot of software developers in the world and that number is growing as more and more be world is dependent on software.
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we are there to arm them. >> what about the chinese market, which is exploding? you don't a lot of business there right now. >> we don't still a lot of business in china, particularly on the domestic target. that is a really tough decision, because there is a lot of poll, there is a lot of reason to say there is a large market, a lot of money to be made. at the same time, you look at what happens to over going at -- uber going into china. amazon retail is not in china. 20 plus years after they have founded the company, and there is reason for that. it is a high market. a lot of thee markets where you can just run your playbook, hire locally and figure out. it will be a huge time and investment think that you may not see any return on.
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the deliver in your decisions around china is important. very few success stories of technology companies going to china that people .2. i think linkedin and evan are are the two that can delegate pointed toward. that is it. there are not a lot of success stories. >> let's switch gears and talk about product. opinion onhave an bots. developers wants to use them. what is your take on it? >> it is best summarized by something we made in our conference back in may which basically meant "bots! bots!" there's a lot been said about lots -- bots. were not sure what the substances behind a lot of it. you hear this word a lot and it gets people's attention. the killer apps for messaging
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are not likely to be bots. betterve there is a much killer app for messaging, and that is content. the early experience you have with lots is really an ivr like experience, just overtax dess -- over text. when we talk to customers, we find that is frustrating. ai is not quite there yet to make it not frustrating. we may get there. at -- amazing >> when you say content? >> messaging is a great way to consume content. the new york times coverage of the olympics over sms was really cool. this was an app that was powered by tullio. the new york times covered the obits over sms.
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another example here is purple, a company that is doing a daily news story initially about the election, pushed to you via messaging. one is it is very personal. that the are times coverage wasn't the new york times, it , givingat the news desk you his experience being in rio. that is a really cool experience, which is different from just a publication telling you stories. messaging is allowing you to feel like it is texting with a friend who happens to be at the olympics, rather than consuming coverage from a major publication. that intimacy is a cool lateral part of the channel. another thing purple does a great job of is it is choose your own adventure. they give you the headline of the day -- what happened to the election today? if you want to learn more, reply with a keyword. you can keep going further and further, or back out and say the story is of no interest to me,
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so never mind. that choose your own adventure style of content is really very engaging. i think that this coupled with a more corporate emphasis. msu sign up for a product, and the company since your message that says thank you for signing up for a product. if you want to learn more about this, reply with this. if you want to learn more about this feature, reply with that. you can self select to an more about a product or service, that is a -- that is an engaging form of content. it is an engaging way for brands to indirect with a customer using content, but also in a sort of 20 new venture way where people self select how they want that experience, and that is killer and available today. >> we're out of time. we next time we sit down, will talk about what tullio did in the last 12 months to make bots better. [applause]
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[captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] up on c-span, the white house medal of freedom ceremony. then, a look at the challenges of running a technology firm's legal department. then, a conversation with some of the federal government's top technology officers. journal,'s washington live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up wednesday morning, an analysis of president-elect donald trump's if a structure proposals, its challenges, and the state of u.s. infrastructure. then, washington examiner national security and defense reporter jamie mcintyre on president-elect trump's national security agenda and his decision
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to choose michael flynn as national security advisor. be sure to watch c-span's washington journal, live at 7:00 a.m. eastern wednesday morning. join the discussion. wednesday, a discussion on the history of school segregation with investigative who writes about racial segregation and the united states. that is at 8:00 p.m. eastern here on c-span. on americanend come history tv on c-span3, saturday evening at seven eastern. from president lincoln's cottage in washington, d.c. we will have a conversation about for women who influence the civil war for better and for worse. have acan see that women means of reinforcing either the
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best in their husbands, or the worst. that is what this study is. ,> that 10:00 on real america american frontier. >> from there to the central office in oklahoma. day and night, our little telephone board was lit up like a christmas tree. calls from new york, california, houston. it five bit we began to realize how big a thing this was. >> the film promoted the financial benefits of farmers leasing land for oil exploration , and was funded by the american petroleum to toot. so the life and legacy of jack and how his novel call of the wild influence generations of novelists and writers. >> he always looked back to the
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natural brand, to his ranch, to the beautiful scenery and colorado -- in california and elsewhere in the south western pacific, to center himself and and release on the rigors the depredations of the cities. >> at 6:00 eastern on american artifacts, we visit the military aviation museum. >> this airplane and a couple other types basically taught all of the military aviators, army air corps and navy, how to fly. many never even saw an airplane coming from the farms, and anywhere you can think of. the first airplane they saw was the boeing stearman. >> for a complete schedule, go to next, president obama awards 21 people with the nation's highest civilian honor at the medal of freedom ceremony at the 2016 class includes bill and melinda
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gates, kareem abdul-jabbar, bruce springsteen, and thence scully. this is just over one hour. >> ladies and gentlemen, the recipients of the medal of freedom. abdul-jabbar. [applause]
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>> ellen degeneres. [applause] >> robert neal. >> bill and melinda gates. [applause] >> tom hanks. [applause]
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>> lawrence michaels. [applause]
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[applause] [laughter] >> robert redford. [applause] >> diana ross. [applause] >> bruce springsteen. [applause]
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>> ladies and gentlemen, the vice president of the united states. [applause] ♪ >> ladies and gentlemen, president of the united and mrs. michelle obama. [applause]
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>> we've got some work to do here. it is not all fun and games. welcome to the white house. extraordinaryrate americans who have lifted our spirits, strengthened our unions, pushed us. i have always loved doing this
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event. this is a particularly impressive bunch. we have innovators and artists. rabble-rousers, athletes, or mound character actors like the guy from space jam. [laughter] we pay tribute to those distinguished individuals when our nation's highest civilian honor, the presidential medal of freedom. let me tell you about each of them. first we came close to missing out on a bill and melinda gates incredible partnership because
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apparently bill's opening line was do you want to go out two weeks from this coming saturday? [laughter] he is good with computers but. ortunately melinda believes in second chances and the world is better for it. the gates foundation has worked to provide life-saving medical care to millions, boosting water educationimproving for children, and riling effort on climate change. cutting childhood mortality in half. the list could go on. these two have donated more money to charitable causes that anyone ever. many years ago melinda's mother
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told her to know that even one because breathed easier you lived, that his success. by this and just about any other method, few in human history have been more successful than these two impatient optimists. frank gehry has never let reversed his refers t optimism. for better or worse, i thrived on it. poor jewish of anagrams he group in los angeles and embrace the spirit of the city defined by an open horizon. he spent his life rethinking shapes and mediums, the force of gravity itself, the idea of what architecture could beam. , repurposeto upend thing every material available.
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he is inspiring our next generation through his advocacy of arts education in our schools. his helmet in santa monica caused some consternation among his neighbors. frank's building show they can lift our spirits and broaden our horizons. when an undergraduate from appalachia was put on the national mall, she was trying to figure out a way to show war is not just a victory or a loss about individual lives. she considered how the landscape might shape that message rather than the other way around. the project earned her a.b. plus.
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and a permanent place in american history. so. all of you be plus students out there. the vietnam veterans memorial has changed the way we think about monuments, and about sacrifice, and patriotism, and ourselves. she has given us more than just pace -- places for memories. places for us to make new memories. each reminding is the most important element of art architecture is human emotion. three minutes before armstrong and aldrin touched down on the moon apollo 11 lunar alarms triggered. a rationalist and not have much time. thankfully they had margaret hamilton, a young m.i.t. scientist and working mom in the
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1960's. she led the team that created the flight software that allowed the eagle to land safely. at this time software engineering wasn't even a field yet. there were no textbooks to follow. to bewas no choice but pioneers. luckily for us she never stopped pioneering. she symbolizes that generation of unsung women who helped send humankind into space. it echoes and countless technologies today. her example speaks of the american spirit of discovery that exists in every girl and boy who knows that somehow they can look beyond the heavens to look deep within ourselves and figure out what is possible. , then hopperlight -- more in 1906.
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she followed her mother into .athematics and earned her phd , 15 poundsears old below military guidelines, grace joined the navy and was sent to work on one of the first computers. harvard's mark one. she saw beyond the boundaries of thepossible and invented first -- percentage award for young computer scientists now bears her name. from cell phones to cyber command, we can think grace hopper for opening programming to usher in the information age and profoundly shaping our digital world. speaking of really smart people, in the summer of 1960, a
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a young physicist found himself at loss almost laboratory. chicago paid its faculty for nine months but his family eight for 12 months. [laughter] he had helped create the hydrogen bomb. for the rest of his life he dedicated himself to reducing the threat of nuclear war. he is not only an architect of the atomic age. ever since he was a cleveland kid tinkering with movie projectors he has never met a problem he didn't want to solve. reconnaissance satellites. gps technology. the touchscreen all bear his fingerprints. washertented a muscle for shellfish. that i have not used. [laughter] the other stuff i have.
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where is he? ok. he has advised nearly every president since eisenhower, often bluntly. called dixie have the only true genius he had ever met. i do want to see the muscle washer. , weg with these scientists honor those who have shaped our culture from the stage and screen. in her long and extraordinary career, cecily tyson has succeeded as an actor and shaped the course of history. she was never the likeliest of hollywood stars. the daughter of immigrants from the west indies, she was raised by a religious mother who cleaned houses and forbade her children to attend the movies. once she got her education and broke into the business she made a conscious decision to speak
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out. i would not accept roles unless they projected us, particularly women in a realistic light and doubt with us as human beings. from sounder to the trip to bountiful to the autobiography of miss jane pittman she has helped for us to see the dignity of every single member of the american family. and she is just gorgeous. [laughter] [applause] she is. 1973 a critic wrote of robert de niro this kid doesn't just act, he takes off into the vapors. it was true. his characters are iconic. a sicilian father turned new york mobster. a mobster who runs a casino. a mobster who needs therapy. [laughter] a father-in-law who is scared of
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a mobster. al capone. a mobster. robert combines dramatic precision and it turns out comedic timing with his signature eye for detail. while the name de niro is synonymous with tough guy is true gift is the sensitivity brings to each role. this son of new york artist did not stop having one of the worlds great actors. he is a director, a cofounder of the tribeca impassible. preparation, he once said i feel i have to earn the right to play a part. the result is honest and authentic that reveals who we are. michael asked the
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beatles to reunite on his brand-new show. he offered them $3000. [laughter] then he told them they could share it equally or they could give rain go a smaller cut. which was early proof that lorne michaels has a good sense of humor. on saturday night life he has created a world where no names becomes comedy's biggest stars. where the cone and chair -- cheerleaders, motivational speakers, and unfrozen caveman lawyer show up. and tom hanks is on black shepherd a -- black jeopardy. [laughter] after four decades, even in this fractured media culture we've
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got, snl is appointment viewing. a mainland into our culture. still a challenge to the powerful, especially folks like me. even after all of these years his tombstone should bear a single word that is often found in their reviews, uneven. [laughter] as a current u.s. senator would say, that is why people like you. he produced a senator also. that is pretty impressive. ellen degeneres has a way of making you laugh about something rather than at someone. except when i danced on her show. she laughed at me. but that is ok.
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but when to forget now we have come so far, where now marriage is equal under the law just how much courage was required for allen to come out on the most public of stages almost 20 years ago. not how important it was just to the lgbt community but for all of us to see somebody to love kindness and light, somebody we liked so much, somebody who could be our neighbor or colleague or sister, challenge our own assumptions. remind us we have more in common than we realize, push our direction of justice. what an incredible burden that was to bear, to risk your career like that. people don't do that very often. and to the hopes of millions on your shoulders. ellen says, we
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all want a 20 use -- 14 chip that can support the weight of waccamaw lee. -- guacamole. know what that means but i thought it would break the mood because i'm getting a little choked up. [laughter] and she did pay price. we don't remember this. i had not remembered it. she did for a long stretch of time. even in hollywood. , every day in ellenway allen -- counters the things that divide us with the things that inspire us to be better. racethe candidate wins his in the 1972 film of the same
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name which continues for those of you who have not seen it, and many of you are too young to be perhaps the best movie about what politics is like ever, he famously asks his campaign questionhe revealing what do we do now? like the man he played in that movie, robert redford has figured it out and applied his talent and charm to achieve success. for hise bob not just remarkable acting but for having figured out what to do next. he created a platform for independent filmmakers with the sundance institute. he has supported our national parks and national resources as one of the foremost conservationists of our generation. he has given his charisma to unforgettable characters.
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entertaining us for more than half a century. as an actor, producer and advocate he has not stopped. and drive so fast he had breakfast in napa and dinner in salt lake. at 80 years young robert redford has no plans to slow down. headline,to a recent the movie sully was the last straw. we should never travel with tom hanks. [laughter] you have highlights, prayed -- plane crashes, volcanoes. something happens with tom hanks. somehow we can't resist going where he wants to take us. he has been an accidental witness to history, a baseball manager, and every man who fell in love with meg ryan three times.
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ade it seem natural to have volleyball as a best friend. from a philadelphia courtroom to normandy's beachheads, to the dark side of the moon he has introduced us to america's unassuming heroes. tom says he saw ordinary guys who did the right thing at the right time. it takes one to know one. america's dad has to do to cancer with his beloved wife, championed our veterans, supported space exploration, and has always saved his best roles for real life. he is a good man. which is the best title you can have. we have innovators, entertainers , three more folks live entertainment -- dedicated her life to public service. in the 1960's, thousands of cuban children fled to america seeking an education he would never get back home. one was a 15-year-old whose life
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changed when he enrolled at miami-dade college. that decision went to a bachelors degree, a masters degree, a phd. he could go into corporate america or give back to his alma mater. miami-dade's president since 1995, he has built a dream factory for one of our nation's most diverse student bodies. when hundred 65,000 students and all. one of the world's preeminent education leaders. thinking out-of-the-box, supporting students throughout their lives, embodying the belief we are only as great as the doors we open. his example is one we can all follow. it champion of those who strive for this same american dream that drew him to our shores. koval followed a lie
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lawsuit, she did not set out to be a hero. she said i wanted to give people -- i wanted to give justice to people who did not have it. address the mismanagement of indian lands, resources, trust funds wasn't about special treatment of equal treat at the heart of the american promise. she fought for 15 years across three presidents, 10 appearances before a federal appeals court, all the while she trouble telling the story of her people. this graduate of a one-room schoolhouse became the macarthur of the a proud daughter blackfeet nation, reached an historic victory for all native americans through sheer force of will and do believe that the truth will win out. she overcame the longest odds
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reminding us that fighting for what is right is always worth it. room,journalist in the every media critic knows the phrase new men know coined -- new men know coined -- newt minnow coined. the vast wasteland. public interest has been the heartbeat of his life's work. advising a governor and supreme court justice, cementing presidential debates as our national institution, leading the fcc. when he have launch the first munication satellite making nationwide broadcasts possible, and gps possible, he predicted it would be more important than the moon landing. this will launch ideas into space he said. ideas last longer than people. onlyr as i know he is the one of today's honorees who was
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present on my first date with michelle. [laughter] sawine our surprise when we newt at the movie theater. do the right thing. he has also been vital to my personal life. finally, we honor five of the all-time greats in sports and music. the game of baseball as a handful of signatures. you hear the crack of the bat. the crowd singing. the seventh inning stretch. you have the voice of vince scully. most fans listen to a broadcast when they cannot be at the ballpark. generations of dodgers fans brought their radios into the stands because you did not want of vince's most partner with an analyst to
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chat about the action. talked justone and with us. since jackie robbins started at second base, vince taught us the game and introduced us to its players. he narrated the improbable years , the impossible heroics. dishonoreard about his , are you sure? i am just an old baseball announcer. we had to inform him, that to americans of all ages you are an old friend. i thought about him doing all of these citations which would have been very cool -- but. [laughter] himought we should make missing for his supper like that. [laughter] up next.
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[laughter] here is how great kareem abdul-jabbar was, he spent a decade dominating basketball. bans the dunk. they did not say it was about kareem, but it was about kareem. changesport makes -- it its rules just to make the sport harder for you, you are really good. [laughter] [applause] pres. obama: yet, despite the role change, he was the sports most unstoppable force. the title he would hold for two decades, winning nba finals,
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mvps, a staggering 14 years apart. as a surprisingly similar looking copilot, roger murdock once said in the movie "airplane." [laughter] we have some great actors here. all while dragging others up for 48 minutes. the reason we honor kareem is more than just a pair of goggles and the skyhook. he stood up for his muslim faith when it was not easy or popular. years of comfortable sparring with bruce lee as he is orocating on capitol hill, writing with extraordinary eloquence about patriotism. physically, intellectually, airitually, kareem is one-of-a-kind. he illuminates our most basic freedoms and highest aspirations. old,he was five years
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michael jordan nearly cut off his big tell with an ax. [laughter] pres. obama: back then, his handle needed a little work. but think, if things had gone , air jordan's might never have taken flight. you do not want to buy issue missing.ot -- toe we may not have seen him drop 63 in the garden, or hit the shot three different times over georgetown, heathrow, russell. we might not have seen him take or lift up the sport globally, along with the dream team. is more than those moments, more than just the best greatest teamswo
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of all time, the dream team and the 1996 chicago bulls. he is more than just a logo, more than just an internet meme. [laughter] more than just a charitable donor or business owner. there is a reason you call somebody the michael jordan of. the michael jordan of , the michael jordan of canoeing. they know what you are talking about. because michael jordan is the michael jordan of greatness. of somebodyfinition so good at what they do, that everybody recognizes it. that is pretty great. ross loved diana
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singing and dancing for family friends, but not for free. [laughter] pres. obama: she was a smart enough to pass of the hat. later, at a housing project she ,et mary wilson and florence her neighbor, smokey robinson put them in front of barry gordon, and the rest was magic. musical history. the supremes earned a permanent place in the american soundtrack. voice and her honeyed soulful sensibility, diana ross exuded glamour and grace and helped to shape the sound of motown. on top of becoming one of the most successful recording artists of all time, and raising five kids, somehow found time to earn an oscar nomination for acting. hip-hop artist to sample her, to those inspired by her, to the audiences who
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still cannot get enough of her, diana ross's influence is as inescapable as ever. a cage outung from on highway nine. [laughter] pres. obama: a quiet kid from jersey, trying to make sense of dreams and the mysteries that dotted his hometown, pool halls, cars, girls, altars, assembly lines. for decades, bruce springsteen has brought us all along on a with theconsumed bargains between ambitious and injustice, and pleasure and pain. the simple glories and scattered heartbreak of everyday life in america. to create one of his biggest hits, he once said, i wanted to craft a record that sounded like the last record on earth. the last one you would ever need to hear. then, the apocalypse. every restless kid in america
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was given a score, born to run. he did not stop there. told us about himself he told us about everybody else. steelworkers in youngstown, the vietnam vet in born to run, born in the usa. told us about himself he told us about everybody else. the sick and marginalized on the streets of philadelphia. the firefighters carrying the weight of a nation. the young soldier reckoning with devils and dust in iraq. the communities knocked down by recklessness and greed. all of us with our faults and failings, every color and class onecreed, bound together by defiance, restless train rolling toward the these are all anthems about america. the reality of who we are and the reverie of who we want to be. the hallmark of a rock 'n roll band, bruce springsteen once
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said, is that the narrative you tell together is bigger than any one could have told on your own. for decades, alongside the big man, little stephen, a jersey girl named patty, and all the men and women of the e street band, bruce springsteen has been carrying the rest of us on his journey, asking us all, what is the work for us to do in our short time here? i am the president, he is the boss. [laughter] pres. obama: pushing 70, he is still laying down for our live sets. if you have not been them he is , working. firebreathing rock 'n roll. i thought twice about giving him a medal named for freedom because we hope he remains in his words, a prisoner of rock 'n roll for years to come. [laughter] pres. obama: i told you, this is like a really good class. ladies and gentlemen, i want you all to give it up for the recipients of the 2016 presidential medal of freedom. [applause]
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pres. obama: this is a good group. now we have to actually give them medals. [laughter] pres. obama: so please be patient. we will have my military aide read the citations. each one of them will come up and receive the medals and then we will wrap up the program. ok? let's hit it. >> kareem abdul-jabbar. [applause]
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>> an iconic basketball player -- [laughter] >> an iconic basketball player who revolutionized the sport with his all-around play and signature skyhook, he is a 19 time all-star, six-time world champion, and the leading scorer in nba history. adding to his achievements on the court, he also left his mark off it, advocating for civil rights, cancer research, science education, and social justice. in doing so, kareem abdul-jabbar leaves behind a towering legacy of compassion, faith, and service to others. a legacy based not only on the strength and grace of his athleticism, but also the size and strength of his heart. [applause]
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>> kurt cobell, accepting the medal in honor of his mother, elouise cobell. yellow bird woman. [applause] >> a member of the blackfeet nation, elouise cobell spent her ife defining the odds -- defying the odds and working on behalf of our people. as a young woman, she was told she was not capable of understanding accounting. so she mastered the field and used her expertise to champion a lawsuit whose historic settlement has helped restore tribal homeland to her beloved tribe and others. her unwavering spirit lives on in the thousands of people and hundreds of tribes for whom she thought, and all those she taught to believe it is never
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too late to right the wrongs of the past and help shape a better future. [applause] >> ellen degeneres. [applause] [one person clapping] [laughter] >> in a career spanning three decades, ellen degeneres has lifted our spirits and brought joy to our lives as a standup comic, actor, and television star. in every role, she reminds us to be kind to one another and treat people as each of us wants to be treated.
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at pivotal moments, her courage and candor helped accelerate our nation's constant drive toward equality and acceptance for all. again and again, ellen degeneres has shown us that a single individual can make the world a more fun, more open, more loving place, so long as we just keep swimming. [applause] [cheering] >> robert de niro. [applause] >> for over 50 years, robert de niro has delivered some of the
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screen's most memorable performances, cementing his place as one of the most gifted actors in a generation. from "the godfather part ii" to "the deer hunter," he is relentlessly committed to his craft, de niro embodies his characters, creates rich, nuanced portraits that reflect the heart of the human experience. regardless of genre or era, robert de niro continues to demonstrate that extraordinary skill that has made him one of america's most revered artists. [applause] >> richard l. garwin [applause]
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>> one of the most renowned scientific and engineering minds of our time dr. richard garwin , has answered the call to solve some of society's most challenging problems. he has given technologies that underscore the importance of humanity to control the spread of nuclear arms. through his advice to democratic and republican administrations since eisenhower, his inventions have powered technologies that drive our modern world. he has not only contributed to this nation's security, but quality of life for people all over the world. [applause]
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>> william h. gates iii and melinda french gates. [applause] >> few people have had the profound global impact of bill and melinda gates. thrheir work at the bill -- ough their work at the bill and melinda gates foundation, they have demonstrated how the most capable and fortunate among us have the responsibility to use their talents and resources to tackle the world's greatest challenges, from helping women and girls lifted themselves and their families out of poverty, to empowering and minds across america, they have transformed countless lives with their generosity and innovation. bill and melinda gates continue to inspire us with their optimism that together we can remake the world as it should be. [applause]
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>> frank gehry. [applause] >> never limited by conventional materials, styles or processes, , his bold and thoughtful structures show architectures ability to revitalize communities. a creative mind from an early


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