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tv   Former White House Chiefs of Staff Discuss White House Transitions  CSPAN  November 23, 2016 1:08am-2:10am EST

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>> frank gehry. [applause] >> never limited by conventional materials, styles or processes, , his bold and thoughtful structures show architectures ability to revitalize communities. a creative mind from an early age, he began his career by
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building imaginary homes and cities from scrap material from his grandfather's hardware store. since then, his work continues to strike a balance between experimentation and functionality, resulting in some of the 20th century's most iconic buildings. from his pioneering use of technology from inspiring sites that they are his signature style come into his public service as a signature artist through his work with turnaround arts, frank gehry has proven himself an exemplary person. [applause] >> margaret hayfield hamilton. [applause]
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>> a pioneering technology, national pioneer in -- a pioneer in technology hamilton helped , launch an industry that would forever change human history. her software architecture led to giant leaps for human kind, writing the code that helped america step foot on the moon. she broke barriers in founding her own software businesses, revolutionizing an industry and inspiring countless women to participate in stem fields. her love of exploration and innovation are the source code of the american spirit. her genius has inspired generations to reach for the stars. [applause]
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>> thomas j. hanks. [applause] >> throughout a distinguished film career, tom hanks has revealed the character of america, as well as his own, for -- portraying war heroes and astronauts, ship captain, a cartoon cowboy, a young man growing up too fast and dozens of others, he has allowed us to see ourselves as we are and as we aspire to be. on screens and off, he has honor the sacrifices of those who would served our nation, called on us all to believe and inspire d a new generation of young people to reach for the sky. [applause]
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>> debra murray accepting on behalf of her great aunt grace murray hopper. [applause] >> as a child who loved this assembly alarm clocks, -- disassembling alarm clocks rear , admiral grace murray hopper found her calling early, with a phd from yale. known today as the queen of code, grace hopper's work helps ed make coding language more accessible and practical. she invented the first compiler or translator, a fundamental aspect of our digital world. amazing grace made the language
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of computer programming more universal. there was a sense of possibility she inspired in generations of young people. [applause] >> michael j. jordan. [applause] [laughter] >> powered by a drive to compete that earned him every major award in basketball, including six nba champions, five most valuable player awards, and gold
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medals, michael jordan has a name that has become synonymous with excellence. his highflying dunks redefining the game, making him a global superstar that transcended basketball and shaped our larger culture. from chapel hill, chicago, his life and example have inspired millions of americans to strive to be like mike. [applause] >> maya y. lin. [applause]
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>> boldly challenging our understanding of the world, maya lin's designs have brought people of all walks of life together in spirits of remembrance, introspection, and humility. the manipulation of natural terrain and topography within her works inspires us to bridge our differences and recognize the gravity of our collective existence. her pieces have changed the landscape of our country and influenced the dialogue of our society, never more profoundly than with her tribute to the americans who fell in vietnam, by cutting a wound into the earth to create a sacred place of healing in our nation's capital. [applause]
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>> lorne michaels. [applause] >> one of the most transformative entertainment figures of our time, lorne michaels followed his dreams to new york city, where he created a sketch show that brought satire, wits, and modern comedy to homes around the world. under his meticulous command as executive producer, "saturday night live" has entertained audiences across generations, reflecting and shaping critical elements of our cultural, political, and national life. lorne michaels' creative legacy stretches into late-night television, sitcoms, and the big screen, making us laugh, challenging us to think, and raising the bar for those who follow. as one of his show's signature characters would say, "well, isn't that special?" [applause] [laughter]
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>> newton n. minow. [applause] [cheering] >> as a soldier, counsel to the governor of illinois, chairman of the federal communications commission, and law clerk to the chief justice of the supreme court, newton minow's career has been defined by his devotion to others. deeply committed to his family, the law, and the american people, his dedication to serving and empowering the public is reflected in his efforts to ensure that broadcast media educates and provides opportunity for all. challenging the media to better serve their viewers, his staunch commitment to the power of ideas and information has transformed telecommunications and its influential role in our society. [applause]
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>> dr. eduardo j. padron. [applause] >> as a teenage refugee from cuba, eduardo padron came to the united states to pursue the american dream, and he has spent his life making that dream real for others. as president of the community college he once attended, his thoughtful leadership and commitment to education have transformed miami-dade college into one of the premier learning
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institutions in the country, earning him praise around the world. his personal story and lasting professional influence prove that success need not be determined by our background, but by our dedication to others, our passion for creating an america that is as inclusive as it is prosperous. [applause] >> robert redford. [applause] >> robert redford has captivated audiences from both sides of the camera through entertaining motion pictures that often explore vital social, political, and historical themes. his lifelong advocacy on behalf of preserving our environment
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will prove as an enduring legacy as will his award-winning films, as will his pioneering support for independent filmmakers across america. his art and activism continue to shape our nation's cultural heritage, inspiring millions to laugh, cry, think, and change. [applause] >> diana ross. [cheering] [applause] >> a daughter -- [laughter] >> a daughter of detroit, diana ross helped create the sound of
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motown with her iconic voice. from her groundbreaking work with the supremes, to a solo career that has spanned decades, she has influenced generations of young artists and shaped our nation's musical landscape. in addition to a grammy lifetime achievement award and countless musical accolades, diana ross has distinguished herself as an actor, earning an oscar nomination and a golden globe award. with over 25 albums, unforgettable hit singles, and live performances that continue to captivate audiences around the world, diana ross still reigns supreme. [applause]
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>> next up, vin scully. [applause] >> with a voice that transcended a sport and transformed a profession, vin scully narrated america's pastime for generations of fans. known to millions as the soundtrack of summer, he found time to teach us about life and love while chronicling routine plays and historic heroics. in victory and in defeat, his colorful accounts reverberated through the bleachers, across the airwaves, and into our homes and imaginations. he is an american treasure and a beloved storyteller, and our country's gratitude for vin scully is as profound as his love for the game. [applause]
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>> bruce f. springsteen. [applause] [cheering] >> as a songwriter, humanitarian, america's rock ''' roll laureate, and new jersey's greatest ambassador, bruce springsteen is quite simply the boss. [laughter] >> through stories about ordinary people, from vietnam veterans to steelworkers, his songs capture the pain and the promise of the american
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experience. with his legendary e street band, bruce springsteen leaves everything onstage in epic, communal live performances that have rocked audiences for decades. with empathy and honesty, he holds up a mirror to who we are, as americans chasing our dreams and as human beings trying to do the right thing. there is a place for everyone in bruce springsteen's america. [applause] >> bruce! bruce! [applause] >> cicely tyson. [applause]
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>> for 60 years, cicely tyson has graced the screen and the stage, enlightening us with her groundbreaking characters and calls to conscious humility and hope. her achievements as an actor, her devotion to her faith, and her commitment to advancing equality for all americans, especially women of color, have touched audiences of multiple generations. from "the autobiography of miss jane pittman" to "sounder" to "the trip to bountiful," cicely tyson's performances illuminate the character of our people and the extraordinary possibilities of america. [applause] [cheering]
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pres. obama: so just on a personal note, part of the reason that these events are so special to me is because everybody on this stage has touched me in a very powerful, personal way, in ways they probably could not imagine, whether it was having been inspired by a song or a game or a story or a film or a monument, or in the case of newt minow,
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introducing me to michelle -- [laughter] pres. obama: these are folks who have helped make me who i am and think about my presidency. what also makes it special is this is america. and it is useful when you think about this incredible collection of people to realize that this is what makes us the greatest nation on earth, not because of what we -- [applause] pres. obama: not because of our differences, but because in our difference, we find something comm to share. and what a glorious thing that is, what a great gift that is to america.
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so, i want all of you to enjoy the wonderful reception that will be taking place afterwards. michelle and i have to get back to work, unfortunately -- [laughter] pres. obama: but i hear the food is pretty good. [laughter] pres. obama: and would like all of you to give one big rousing round of applause to our 2016 honorees for the presidential medal of freedom. give it up. [cheers and applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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[indistinct conversation]
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>> following the medal of freedom ceremony, we spoke to actors robert redford and tom
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hanks. host: mr. redford, when did your interest in the environment become your passion? at what point in your life and career? robert: when i was a kid i had a mild case of polio, when i was 11 years old. i was in bed for two weeks. when i got out, my mother wanted to reward me. she drove me to yosemite national park. that was in the late 1940's. when i saw that park, everything changed for me. i felt that i had witnessed some kind of heaven. it was so powerful i said, "i do not want to look at this, i want to be a part of this." it made that strong an impact on me. from that point on, i decided whatever i did in my life, it would be celebrating that. host: do think you made a difference? robert: probably some small difference. not much, but i think a little bit. i do not know if it is lasting or not. host: let me ask you about this
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award you received today. what was going through your mind as a president awarded you the highest civilian honor? robert: i wished my parents were alive. i don't think either one of them saw this coming. that would have been nice. host: thank you very much. tom: man oh man, this is like the golden globes. [laughter] tom: hi, everybody. mom, dad, do not fight. host: tom hanks you are one of , the most versatile actors, do you have a favorite character or role? tom: they all overtake. there was favorite jobs. "apollo, we were all in 13," me, kevin bacon, bill paxton, stuck in there hours a day, the conversation got randy in a good way. we had a lot of time to say funny things. host: getting this award from
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the president what was going , through your mind today? tom: god bless america, how did this happen to me. i think i was up for one of the roles in the screenplay, and here i am instead. there are big moments, one is a phone call that you will be invited, and when you find out who else is invited. i am sitting next to grace hopper's great-niece and people who made literally all the equipment you guys are carrying possible, it is a humbling moment, i must say. >> in two months, there will be another new occupant of the white house. donald trump. tom: i know that, i read the results. >> and? tom: is there a question of there, other than a statement? you know this is america, this , is the way it works. he will get his shot. you know, everybody does and we will see how things go. and if the next new administration is a great for the united states of america i will vote for his , reelection. if not, we will see what happens. >> thank you.
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tom: my pleasure. nice to see you. msnbc -- i watch the msnbc live. now you have a lot of time to kill, i understand. quiet, everybody, quiet. >> tom hanks that is a nice , piece of bling you have there. what does it mean? tom: not bad. i was told i was getting a shield, so i am a little disappointed. this is a great, incredible moment for all of the hanks family. i must say. >> i was watching the hanks family. your wife, rita wilson, videotaped the president's entire speech about you, as if they would not give you a copy of it. they are awfully proud. tom: they are, indeed. it means a great deal to the whole family. look they are used to me going , away for a long time and cranking out these movies. and then kind of like coming back with odd facial hair.
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and then out they come, and maybe they work, maybe they don't, but to be up here with them -- in my own field with the m, like of mr. redford and cicely tyson and robert de niro, their work means all the world to me. i cannot quite fathom subjectively or objectively what my contribution is to all of the, but i know cinematic arts are important. i think i have done just enough for a free tour of the white house but i am going home with a , little bit better than a coffee cup from the gift shop. so i'm a very happy man. >> i saw you give a hug to margaret hamilton, the woman who helped put man on the moon. tom: how about that. how about that. she said on the morning of apollo 13 she was woken up at 2:00 in the morning to work on , the software that was not even called software then. and i said, why could we not know that in the movie? we would've made sure we had that moment. you never know who you will meet at the white house. >> you know the president has
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, said this is very personal to him. his staff has told me he was involved with these selections from start to finish. these are people he admired and felt should be honored. what does that mean to you? tom: it is intimidating. but, it is not unlike moments i have had where people from all walks of life who have sidled over to me and explained in different words, that at a time they really needed decent company i was there in their , living room on some video they had seen or at the time they had someoneng up, i tell me they did not have a positive male influence in their life, but through vh tapes and a couple things on hbo now and again i was. , i know how powerful that bond is between a viewer and what you are seeing, i understand how that investment can pay off. and the fact that the president
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of the united states on occasion has been involved and become invested in the story that i was help telling, that is a testament to this great business that i lucked into a long time ago. all i can say is god bless america. this isn't supposed to happen to a white boy from oakland, but it did. i will take it. thank you so much. are we live? >> last one. this was very personal to president obama. how did it make you feel? tom: it made me feel honored. he is a busy man. i think he has got pretty good taste. i would like to think, you know, with the checkered career we all have in our business, i have provided him a couple moments of both solace and inspiration, or pure escapism, i will take any one of the three. >> thank you, sir.
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>> congratulations. a quick question. i would love you to talk about margaret. you just mentioned margaret. women filmmakers, do you think we will get a better shot at the stories women can tell? all these wonderful stories, it 's -- you're an icon. tom: i think there was a tidal wave of diversity coming down because of the amount of work that is done in television, is divided up and there is that artificial barrier between motion pictures and television. motion pictures have to make money, there is a massive economic aspect to it. it is hard to find people that want to pay for product. television on the other hand, they are clamoring for product. i think an awful lot of people who usually would not get a shot or chance to prove themselves are getting it, even right now. i don't think you have to dig very deeply in order to find women, the great diversity that exists. look if it is on the screen, it , is filmmaking, period, the
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end. so, it is there. it will be celebrated more and there is even more coming down the pipe. >> thank you. >> one question for you. tom: which camera is the bbc? >> oh, that one right there. >> abc news. >> i'm sorry. >> in "forest gump," didn't you win the medal of honor? tom: the medal of honor? in "forest gump." tom: oh! i was awarded that in front of a fake blue screen on a soundstage at paramount studios. so it is a little different. different presidents, too. when you are actually here in the room, abigail adams hung her wet sheets right there, that alters the stakes of the reach of why you are here.
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>> what does it mean to you to receive this at the end of the obama administration? tom: it is astounding. , there is no small amount of history for the entire family when we come here. according to the calendar by , next january, someone else will be in here it will be a , different administration. all i can hope is that their stewardship for what america is , i think is as fine as the man , we are saying goodbye to. >> thank you. tom: you're welcome. >> if you missed any of this event, you can watch it again in its entirety on our website, >> coming up here on c-span, a look at the challenges of running a technology firm's legal department. it then, conversation with some
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of the federal government's top technology officers. later, opinion polling in russia and a vladimir putin's approval ratings. >> c-span's washington journal, live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up wednesday morning, an analysis of president-elect donald trump's infrastructure proposals. its challenges, and the current state of the u.s. infrastructure. ique with the brookings institute. in washington examiner national security and defense reporter jamie mcintyre on president-elect trump's national security agenda and his decision to choose michael flynn as national security advisor. be sure to watch c-span's "washington journal," live at 7:00 a.m. eastern wednesday morning. join the discussion. look at howday, a
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the top administration might approach issues of biomedical administration, health care, and drug pricing. speakers included vice president of one of the world's largest pharmaceutical companies. that is at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span two. if james madison is the architect of the constitution, then george washington is the general contractor, and if you ever built a house, you know it looks a lot more like what the general contractor has in mind than the architect. >> edward larson talks about george washington's role in unifying the country and ratifying the first federal document in his new book, "george washington: nationalist." they wanted to recruit russia in the coup d'etat.
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-- washington in the coup d'etat. washington was a true republican. he believed in republican government. eastern, on:00 "q&a." a look at the challenges and rewards at running a little company. -- running the legal department for technology companies read the american bar association posted technology lawyers at their annual meeting in san francisco. this is one hour and 20 minutes. >> good morning everyone. yes, it is true. i did drive myself here today. but for those of you -- thank you for supporting us. up until four years ago, i was a litigation partner at germane. this wasgo, i thought
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a good place, i can really serve my clients and i like the people i work with and do good work. through a series of events including networking, the fruits of networking, i really do believe it is important to participate in organizations like the aba and local bar associations. i unexpectedly found myself the gc of uber. [laughter] ms. yoo: so, i think this is a tech gc panel, so my task here is somewhat unusual. for those of you out there who are not in tech, perhaps someday you will unexpectedly also find yourself for the best yourself of the -- also find yourself the gc of a tech company. when i joined uber, i am employee 102. in the tech world that mean something. i was a little too late and did not get into the first 100. but i was still pretty early and i was the first lawyer at uber.
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we were about, you know i was , employee 102, but some people have left and we were at about 90 people. today, about four years later, we are over 9000. when i started, we were in four countries, about 15 cities. today, we in over 70 countries and over 425 cities. i do not know the exact number because for those of you who read about us occasionally in the news, we are occasionally in the news, you know we have some , news about china. i have not done the count to figure it out, but by team tells me we are about 425. i was its first lawyer, so i had the challenge and privilege of building my law department to the needs of my company. today, my law department is 205 people. as some of you may know, we have a few legal issues. [laughter] ms. yoo: 205 seems, to my team,
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a bit small. so i look forward to this , conversation. thank you to heather and cynthia for inviting me here. and also to ray for including , me. so thank you. , and amy fox? ms. fox: hi, i am amy fox, for oculus. i brought slides, because unlike uber and salesforce, i am not sure everyone knows what oculus is about or what our products are. one of the things i will be harping on is the importance of knowing your product when you are in-house counsel. the way i came to oculus, i graduated from stanford law school in 2000 and then worked at a series of silicon valley firms doing i.t. transactions.
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i left in the firms for intel and stayed at intel for 10 years. i see a couple intel colleagues in the audience. hi, guys. it was a great experience for me at intel, that is a big, multinational company with a large legal department where you can move from position to position in rotations and get a lot of really good experience in different topics. and then, at about the 10 year mark, i started thinking, i have done a lot of things here and maybe i should look for something else. around the time, as the universe provides oculus called and asked , me if i would be interested in interviewing. and i did. and the general counsel, my boss, was supposed to be here, but i am stepping up. so i joined oculus. i will tell you about what oculus does. if that makes sense to folks. so oculus is actually a medium, , it is a platform for you to communicate with others. and, to experience anything with anyone anywhere in the world. that is our mission statement.
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facebook, i will give you a little bit of background here, facebooke bought -- bought oculus a couple years ago, and it was a small start up by a very young founder. i think we have a kickstarter funder and the audience here who was someone who saw this campaign and decided to fund it. he basically built this device -ou put on your head, a head worn device similar to this, it is black and looks like the rift. and build a platform where you experience the meta-verse, and infinite world of other realities. he was very interested in doing this kind of work and decided he would put together a kickstarter campaign and thought he might be able to raise about a quarter of a million dollars. and within a very short period of time, he raised $2 million. it became clear that many more
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people in the world were interested in virtual reality than just palmer and his small group. zuckerberg became interested in virtual reality and he decided to purchase oculus and bring oculus into the facebook team. so i wanted to tell you a little about the product because i am not sure everyone here is familiar with it. we have two major products. one is called the rift. is a tether device, and that means a connects to a pc. you experience high-end virtual reality experiences. it comes with these parts. something that is about to shift the second half of this year is , called touch. the touch controllers are like a gamepad broken into two. if you put them on, you can see your hands when you're playing and you can see other people in , the oculus social space. it is a collaborative experience, a social experience. we are pretty excited about
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these coming out. at that, i would say the less , expensive or lower end of the market is this gear vr department that we partner with samsung on. you can snap a samsung phone into it. it is more high-end than i would say, a cardboard experience. but it is similar in the sense that it is mobile. and then it is powered by , oculus. you go to oculus platform. this is what it looks like when you go into an oculus platform. gear, it isd the very similar, there are all sorts of different experiences you can go to. i wanted to just go over that because like i said earlier, we will talk about what it is like to be in-house counsel, and how important it is to understand the product, and that is how i feel like i add value to my business and legal team. and then how important it is , that outside counsel also understands the product.
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rift set up ine the offices of a couple firms that we work with. i can say to them we have the same content, here are my concerns, can you check it out for me? what do you think of this? what do you think of the flow of this user experience? is something i like to share. looking forward to the panel. thank you. >> thank you, amy. still waiting for amy to try on her -- [laughter] >> i feel intimidated by this. the executiver, vice president at salesforce, the fourth-largest enterprise software company in the world. we focused on customer relationship management software, crm, the interception of how companies work for their
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customers, whether it is selling to them, marketing, service, analytics, and everything else. it has been a very exciting company. we are about 17 years old. i wish i could tell you i was but we have2, 25,000 employees and we are located all over the world. one thing at salesforce that makes the company unique is that it was founded with a model recall 111. equity, 1%1% of our of our employees time, 1% of our product are donated to charitable organizations and that flows through the entire culture of the company. we take central roles in terms of social issues. has beenst year, it centered around gender pay equality for women and lgbt legislative action throughout
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the country and i can address those later on. in terms of my journey to becoming a general counsel ted company, this is not -- tech company, this is not where i thought i would end up. as my father likes to point out, i am the only one to have gotten in-house. i father works for the same law firm for 55 years and that this has been a very different course. after graduating from law school, i clerked on the ninth circuit and had an opportunity to move to hong kong to work at the hong kong legislature on the handover. so, i moved over and promptly fell in love with asia and international work and joined the hong kong offices. anotherced in asia for five years. increasingly focusing on india and the capital markets there. 2002,d back to seattle in practiced with a firm in seattle until 2005, when i went in-house
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for the first time with expedia and help take them public again. i then served as the general global at univar, a chemical distribution company, thereby making the leap from online travel to chemical distribution. [laughter] ms. weaver: and then coming right back to crm with the opportunity to come to san francisco in three years ago and joined salesforce. i am looking forward to the panel and hearing from everyone on it today. thank you for the opportunity. let's get started by asking each of you to talk about the top emerging technology issues at your company and your approaches for dealing with them. >> me? [laughter] virtual reality.
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you can hear me. the top technology issues mean,ated with oculus, i oculus right now is a hardware, software, and platform company, so we look at all of the issues across the board associated with doing the kind of product launches we do. we ship hardware in 22 countries, which means we have an entire supply chain and all of the compliance issues associated with that and that high-tech, but it really is something we think about a lot. piece, of course, there are huge issues associated with platforms and how you interact with all of the various operating systems out there. talk a lot about that, making sure everyone has access to the content who wants it. there is all sorts of software issues associated with building the meta-verse that i referred to earlier, where we have a really great developer relations team that goes out and helps
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developers build games and experiences and do agreements with other big content providers, so that we have enough hours of playing time, and when people put it on, they feel like they have hundreds of hours to spend in it and can go anywhere with anyone at anytime. so some of you know how uber camee to be, -- to be, but in 2008, our s were in paris for a conference and they were in front of the eiffel tower, and this was in december. they could not get a taxi. and i shared this with other people including the litigation yesterday, and when i first heard this story, my first reaction was, why didn't you just walk three blocks and get on a metro? [laughter] ms. yoo: in any event, you know, the idea came out of her real consumer need and there is -- of
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a real consumer need it, and i'm sure you experienced it between transportation providers and when you need that transportation, and they started kind of, we call it in our tech speak, jamming. they start going, wouldn't it be cool if i could take my phone and call a car? really came into being with the emergence of the smartphone. up until that point, there was no frictionless way to connect drivers who had transportation services to provide and riders who needed that transportation in a way that think them up, got them into the location, and made the payment process more efficient and consumer-friendly. so it really emerged from a need that was, a consumer need, that was solved via technology. we iterated on the concept. had i joined in 2012, we
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only one project in the 15 30's. actually, i think that back. there was two. one was the licensed limo. up until that time, you had to pre-book it, pay by credit card, every transaction was unique. and you never knew if you are getting the right deal, right? you did not know if these were prices for monday raises thursday or prices for -- versus thursday. there was a licensed limo and then a taxi. in a couple of our cities, you could request taxi on the platform and it would pick you up and charge you the regular regulated rates, but from there, ps you know, the concept of p2 came, not commercially licensed a $1rs, backed up by million policy we purchased and that we background check. that all sounds very easy, but kind of funny that technology
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backend of that gets very complex. then we thought, you know what? let us make it more interesting. we had notice on our platform, and we had launched a feature called "share my ride." you would send your friend a link that said "share my ride." if amy accepted, it would split the cost of that ride between the two. we saw high adoption. people really liked this. they really liked not having to have a conversation at the end of the night that said, hey, you owe me $20. we saw a lot of adoption. i wonder if people would be willing to share right -- rides with strangers. then we came up with uber cool. we are looking for two
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riders in close proximity. how do we match that up and let them share a rider. there is a complex algorithm going into what is the most optimal range. you don't want to wait 10 minutes, or you don't want have to get into a car and drive minutes to pick up a second person. so, there is a lot of technology in that. when we look at concepts like pool, and i uber will not go through the entire litany of all of our products, but you get the idea. the principle behind it is that by getting people to share a resource, we should be able to get to a place where people could give up their second car, or they don't always need their car. and that will have a positive impact. should be less traffic. there should be a positive impact on the environment once
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we take those cars off. in san francisco, i will tell you, over 50% of our rides today are uber pool. if you think about those rides happening two years ago, and now 50% of the riders are uber pool, that is something i am happy about. the other side of that is, when we looked at san francisco, over 20% of the real estate san francisco is devoted to parking. so, parking garages, parking lots, and what not, and for those of you who know about real estate and san francisco, that is just nutty. use your about how you personal vehicle. you use it to go to work in the morning, to go home, to maybe stop at the grocery store, but that is pretty much it for five days out of the week. again, if we can provide options that can get people out of their
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car, sharing their vehicles, and perhaps, reduce the need to have land use for parking, all of these can have impacts in a society that is becoming more and more urbanized. i know this is not really on tech, but i do feel it is really important for each of us to emphasize that most of the time, you know, it is technology solving a real consumer problem and a need. one of the vc's in silicon valley said this to me when i came on. i asked him, what is your investing philosophy? he said, i looked for systematic solutions to this aggregated marketplaces. -- solutions to disaggregated marketplaces. when he said that, it made sense. at the core of that is the desire and goal of meeting consumer needs. what i love about all of this
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is we are talking about very innovative companies and things that are changing every day. one of the things i really love about my job is that i don't know what the issues are going to be that day. they change every day with the new technology, the new models. as sally was going through all the different options for uber, my head was spinning in terms of all the different legal issues, or i should say, opportunities. at salesforce, the one issue i never able to take my eye off is privacy. and as a company that is entirely cloud-based we believe trust is our number one value. our model fails if people don't trust us and trust the cloud. i do spend a particular amount of time on privacy issues. this last year has been particularly interesting for privacy and anybody who touches this area. in particular, last fall, when
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the european court of justice invalidated the safe harbor, that was the model that 90% of u.s. companies use to transfer data in a protected way from europe to the knighted sta -- to the united states. and that invalidated that method overnight. i was very lucky that i have an unbelievable team. they knew the opinion was coming down, and anticipated solutions for a range of different decisions. when the most extreme one came down, we were actually able to publish an amendment to more than 25,000 contracts that substituted in vital clauses and pushed that out within four hours. the able to do that and have people focused on these issues, and constantly looking at them, staying at the front edge was absolutely critical.
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this is continuing. the model concepts are now under attack. again in europe, we have data privacy issues in russia. china is considering different laws. it is something that every single day, no matter what is on my play, that has to be front and center. do whenhing i typically i start a program and i did not do this when i started here, i would like a show of hands, how many people are attorneys with outside counsel in their own firms? that looks to be about half. and how many are on the inside working as in-house counsel? and then, the randomness is the other 1/3, i suppose. how many of you are here because you didn't have something to do on a saturday morning? [laughter] >> we will go back to privacy, but one thing i was going to ask, since all of you have such enormous jobs, and we are all
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sitting here thinking, wow, you get to work and what issue to deal with? do you have any tips for how much of the time you spend being reactive? you go to your office, and i have been general counsel too, and you have people lined up waiting to talk to you and emails, and your boss. and you say, i have got to take some time out to make sure i am anticipating tomorrow's issues. so, i just wondered if you had any tips for us or just managing that balance between being proactive and reactive. >> i would love to hear tips. [laughter] i think that is one of my biggest challenges, not getting caught up every morning in the 200 emails that came in overnight. i feel compelled to sit down and , as opposed toem blocking time to think through the bigger issues. i will tell you, i am not a model of behavior on this. i have tried everything from
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swearing, i'm not going to look at my imo for the first hour -- i am not going to look at my emails for the first hour of the day, to my assistant putting something on my door that says "do not disturb," to physically blocking people from coming in. i do feel it is a real challenge and having to be reactive constantly is part of the job. and really needing to work at those times is critical, but i do struggle with that quite a bit. >> anyone else have tips for us on this? >> i don't really have tips. i agree that this is super hard. i think, i was thinking back on my experience and one of the things that, one of the gifts of being at a company that was so young with only 100 people, i am a litigation partner by
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training. when i got to uber, we did not have a single piece of litigation. it was amazing. i think i got about a three month honeymoon. but what that allowed me to do when the company was smaller was planned for the future. what i tried to do was prevent them. the first rsp iran as outside counsel was on employment. i wanted to make sure the model waflected our business, which that we provided a service others thatto they would use. i tried to keep to that and tried to emphasize what was coming down. i try to push my team to do that. frankly, part of my coping strategy is something that cannot of my 15 years of law firm life. everyis, i still go in
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sunday. i just need that block of time to kind of get caught up when there aren't meeting scheduled every minute of the day. amy and i have talked about this, but i learned in year 60ee that i could not do minute meetings. i really had to do 25 minute meetings, so i can want to the next meeting and occasionally take a break. these are little coping things you learn as you go along. but i think overall, saving that time and planning for what is coming down the pike can be super important. it is just really hard to find that time. know if i have a tip either, though i share everybody's point of view. one of the times i spend -- one of the things i spend time thinking by doc it was his training our clients. -- one of the things i spend my time thinking about at all


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