tv Global Climate Action Summit CSPAN November 23, 2018 1:18pm-4:46pm EST
on c-span3. >> c-span, where history unfolds daily. created as aan was public service by america's cable television company. today, we continue to bring you unfiltered coverage of congress, the white house, the supreme court, and public policy events in washington, d.c. and around the country. c-span is brought to you by your satellite television provider. in september, world leaders gathered in san francisco for the global climate summit. harrison ford,ed starbucks ceo kevin johnson, house democratic leader nancy pelosi, and the mayors of paris, warsaw, houston, and san francisco. this is three hours and 20 minutes.
announcer: please welcome our master of ceremonies, the head of communications for bloomberg, linda douglass. ♪ linda: hello and welcome to the global climate action summit. i am honored and humbled to be here in san francisco with such extraordinary leaders from around the world. these are leaders from every sector, every industry, business, government, technology, philanthropy, entrepreneurs and artists, inventors, investors, scientists and students all united by a common goal. the goal of protecting the people who live on our planet by confronting the existential threat of climate change. we are off to an auspicious start. on saturday, tens of thousands of citizens around the world marched to demand greater climate action to fulfill the
promises made three years ago in paris. our task becomes more urgent every day. this summer, temperatures reached record highs. people are dying as wildfires burn their houses to the ground. they are starving as droughts destroy their crops. hurricanes and other disasters have claimed thousands of lives, displacing entire populations, causing billions and billions of dollars in damage. and of course, at this very moment, hurricane florence is bearing down on the eastern seaboard and already 1.5 million people have been told to evacuate their homes. florence is set to bring 50% more rainfall due to human-induced climate change. meanwhile, tropical storm olivia is sweeping across hawaii and since the start of the hurricane season, this is an astonishing number, there have been eight other named storms in the atlantic and 14 more in the
pacific. and, here in california, more than a dozen different wildfires are tearing across the state. so now is not the time for us to rest. this year marks the halfway point between the adoption of the paris agreement and 2020, a critical moment when carbon emissions must peak if we are to avoid the very worst effects of climate change. by mid century, we must be carbon neutral. these are ambitious goals, but the speaker you will hear from over the next few days are working hard to achieve them. it won't be easy and the solutions won't be perfect. we are learning by doing as we undertake a more radical shift in our global economy than has ever been previously undertaken. we will make mistakes, we are going to see failures along the way, but we cannot and we will not back away from this fight. so all of you here today and all of you watching around the world are proof that we will not back
away from this fight. please join me in welcoming someone who is heading the way right here in san francisco, the newly elected mayor of san francisco, london breed. ♪ [applause] london: hello, everyone. it is my distinct pleasure to welcome all of you to san francisco for this incredible global climate action summit. we are united here today to take action on defining issue of our -- on the defining issue of our time, protecting our environment and fighting against climate change. this is an issue that is bigger than one city, one region or country. the choices and commitments we make over the next few days and our sustained cooperation will determine if we are able to
leave a better future for the next generation. california has long been a leader on climate action in san -- and san francisco has been at the forefront of those efforts. since 1990, we have reduced our greenhouse gas emissions by 30% and cut our landfill disposal in half, all while growing our economy by 111%. we are proof that you can have a strong and growing economy while advancing ambitious environmental policy.
we were the first major city to ban single-use plastic bags, and i pushed legislation to establish the nation strongest styrofoam band and a drug takeback policy which has kept 40 tons of prescription medication out of our bay and landfill. in our 100% renewable energy program, clean power sf has reduced and resulted in greenhouse gas reduction equivalent to taking 17000 cars off our roads. by the year 2030, we are committed to for major initiatives here in san francisco, cutting our landfill waste in half, decarbonized and all new buildings, achieving one 100% renewable energy and continuing to issue more green bonds to finance critical infrastructure that is desperately needed to combat climate change. thank you. today i ask you to join us. the impact of climate change are not constrained by borders and our actions shouldn't be either. let's send the world a bold message of action, unity and determination.
together we can go further to protect our planet and our people for generations to come. thank you all so much for being here. enjoy your time in san francisco. ♪ narrator: it has been said if we change the way we look at things, the things we look at changes. to gain a fresh perspective, to seek a new vantage point, to walk in another's shoes, we have to first be willing to change our minds. i really wish everyone could see the world the way i get a chance to see it. some do.
there are a chosen few of us who know what it is like to survive without the basic and vital components our planet provides. they see the big picture. when you are floating above the earth, you see many different examples of how our desire for natural resources is changing the planet and not always in a good way. right now, humans are pumping co2 into our atmosphere and there isn't enough time for the earth's air conditioning system to correct the problem. launched into space at over 17000 miles per hour, they look down and discover how rare, how delicate, how perfectly calibrated the earth really is. >> of all the changes were making to the earth, i think it's changes to the atmosphere that we should be the most worried about.
the planet is getting hotter. how much hotter depends on us. those who have touched the void return with the global passport, not an american or canadian or russian, an earthly. >> our rock, our planet is important to us. it's special and it's unique because it's our home. >> we are all crewmates on the same ship. that's a new perspective. how connected and accountable we are to each other, and what a responsibility we have to take care of the only place any of us here will ever live. >> we can get a lot smarter because we can learn a lot more from the previous generation. >> when i was on the space station looking back at the planet, it gave me a profound
appreciation in what we take for granted. >> we may not all have the luxury of observing our world from among the stars, but the day is coming when the void of space may seemed like a more -- seem like a more hospitable option than a planet that -- planet at war with itself and us. wisdom those who find power in humility. >> it just really gives you a sense of how special this place is where we live. >> do we have what it takes? is it possible to give our astronauts an even better view from above? one that proves that here on the ground we were bold, we were resolute and willing? willing not only to change our minds, but to change our world for the better. i'm robert redford. welcome to the global climate
action summit. ♪ [applause] >> the view from space helped us understand the magnitude of the challenge we are up against. while our planet looks peaceful above, for many people climate change is a daily reality that threatens lives and their way of life. the people you hear from now know this better than almost anyone because they have seen the devastating effects firsthand.
they know what is at stake and know what it will take to meet the challenges head-on. our first speaker is a pioneer, the first female prime minister of barbados. she is on the front lines of the fight to save her country and other island nations from the devastation of climate change. >> good morning. the existence of my island nation and my brothers and sisters in the caribbean, is threatened as we speak today. i almost did not make it here today. as we speak tropical storm
isaiah is landing on dominique and martinique. this is the fourth storm or hurricane in three years that has hit in dominique, as we speak. barbados escaped the 2017 hurricane season. the costliest on record in the caribbean. a season with multiple category five hurricanes in the same year. .nprecedented it caused utter devastation and complete evacuation of an island inhabited for thousands of years. unprecedented. that is one degree of warming. the world is on a path to over three degrees of warming by the time a child born today reaches old age. even if the countries meet the commitments made in the first
round of the nationally determined contribution. we were lucky in 2017. barbados, that is. we were lucky today. equitable the livelihoods of our people are dependent now on us staying lucky? an extremeavoid weather event, our ports, hotels, restaurants, electricity generated stations, our main hospital, the only one and the majority of other postal infrastructure are threatened by the insidious rate of sea level rise. coral reefs, or greatest economic asset are already dying. things i saw as a child, we no longer see them. dissolve.will
as we do that, we're facing and offronting daily the threat a weed that threatens the livelihood of hotels, workers and our coasts. our dry seasons are getting longer. our droughts are more common. seven of the 11 parishes in my nation had difficulty accessing water. access to fresh water is becoming a constant strain on economic development of our country. cost of desalination is more then 10 times that of our current cost of water. we seek to do so as the third most indebted country as the entire world.
fasteroes are breeding and biting more people. barbados like many country is already experiencing the adverse impact of climate change. we are not content to wait for others to act. barbados is a proud nation, long respected from -- for painting above its way. now we intend to be one of the first examples of how carbon neutrality resilience can be achieved across an entire economy. we intend to reassert ourselves on every international front we can engage into combat climate change because we are in a fight for our own existence. . it is for that reason we have us to30 as the target for have a fossil fuel free economy.
the world has lost all of us who lost momentum since paris in 2015. the rate of increasing has slowed. we have not peaked at global emissions. we must do so by 2020. we cannot afford to wait any longer. there is much work to be done. affordable and predictable climate finance believe you me is greatly needed for small island states whose vulnerability is in front of you today as i speak. the green climate fund must be adequately replenished. it is our only hope in many instances. access to these funds needs to be streamlined. our country is graduated from the world bank because we are
deemed to be a middle income country. yet, the hurricane hit us today. our conversation and our reality would be different. we relish simply to wallow in definitions made in rooms thousands of miles away from our reality. of agreements that arose out the week in paris cannot be forgotten or cast aside. not anymore. the next round of contributions will seal our fate for better or for worse. refer the citizens of the world, i speak now, not to the government. you see the evidence before our eyes. we see it in feel it. we don't have the power to change small things that we do.
but there are some things we can change. we can change how we save water. we can turn off the tap each time we brush our teeth. we can change how we save energy. we can turn off the lights and air-conditioners as we leave rooms. we can change our oceans and save our oceans. we can ensure that which we put in it is not a pollutant. if each one does this we can save our world because many hands make light work. the technology today, we can see each other whenever and wherever we choose, cross borders, across regions and braces. our climate knows no boundaries. it respects no class. numbers aspect politicians do. it will respect numbers acting
in concert, thousands and millions of people acting together, not just to change our minds, but to transform how we live to save our world. to everyone in this room, to act, for everyone who hears my voice, to act. islandcountry, our region in the caribbean and the pacific, everywhere. our future and the future of generations yet to come is at stake. if we wait any longer it will be far too late to save it. my friends across the world, the time to talk has passed. this is truly the time for action. not just the action of leaders in government but the actions of youh, and you and you, and
>> 80 miles north of the arctic circle, my people's oral history stretching back 28,000 years teaches us we are tied to the land, the air, waters and animals. the rights of my people to continue our ways of life are in jeopardy as never before. we face the threat of climate change and the oil drilling that fuels it. our sensitive region is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. melting.frost is the permafrost releases methane and mercury. now the secret lands of my land animallargest
migration left on earth, the porcupine caribou herd, being threatened by the same industry responsible for the warming. us, they arelting slated to enter intensive seismic explanation does exploration is the first step in wholesale oil and gas development. even the weight of the vehicle scar the sensitive landscape. the lands and waters are our very bodies. animalsbou in migrating our lifeblood. also fuels do not ruin our earth. in my village we are constructing a solar farm of 2000 panels. the largest project in the arctic north. this is just the beginning in reestablishing our ancient balance with our lands through sustainable technology. we cannot do this alone. the world must understand none of us are separated from this planet.
each other, or what is happening today. respect for indigenous rights is key to stemming and reversing climate change. the disregard of our people is anddisregard of this planet themselves. these are the teachings of my ancestors and elders. people who still remember these ancient truths. for that i give you thanks for listening today. >> please welcome johann rock strum. >> hello.
this is my very good friend johan. we are here to not only welcome you to the climate climate action summit but tell you a story. it is a story of the journey we are already on of exponential transformation. already evolving in front of us. before we start the story, tell us why is exponential transportation necessary? >> it starts with the big picture. 50 years the rising human pressure on earth, we have reached saturation point. where mother2018 earth is sending social and economic invoices in the form of extreme events across the entire , sayingght as we speak in the front of us, causing tremendous impact across the planet. .he message is clear
things are changing faster than we had predicted. the unprecedented forest fires in california, all the way to forest fires, droughts, even in the arctic. most likely connected to the slowdown of the arctic board caused by the amplified melting of arctic ice, influencing the jet stream causing and locking high-pressure temperatures in northern europe all the way to drought in temperature rise in australia leading to floods in pakistan, with the need to reinvest an entire state all the way to unprecedented events from floods, droughts across the planet. we have seen the impact in terms of warming oceans absorbing our impact. with coral bleaching, acidification across all oceans on the planet, 30% of the great
entire reef, having crossed and irreversible tipping point. this is the big picture we're seeing in front of us today. the even bigger picture is our 100 year journey where what was normal 100 years back, and then extend event is now becoming our new normal. we are still seeing across all continents leading temperatures leading to significant impacts across the entire social thing that we depend on. we have reached one degree celsius warming. the highest temperature since the last ice age. we are at the edge for we will need to start transformation. there is a bigger picture, the rising evidence that the earth system has only stayed below two degrees so far thanks to the
resilience of the earth system. fill -- still our best friend. that there are tipping points all the way from the risk of losing methane from permafrost to the degradation of the jet streams, whole energy exchange of the oceans. and these tipping points are what regulate our ability to on. what we depend a self cooling planet. when earth when potentially move towards self amplifying warming temperature. a few months back we summarize this all the tipping points we have, flipping over irreversibly to become a savannah. two degrees celsius may be crossing a planetary threshold where we could enter in irreversible journey towards a
hothouse earth. >> are we condemned? >> the good news is earth remains resilient. it is still dominated by self cooling feedback despite our unsustainable behavior across all sectors of society. we have the opportunity of transforming the d carbonized future, aiming at 1.5. the paris agreement has unprecedented scientific support. the pathway we need, we need to of omissions no late than 2020. following decarbonization at 67% reduction of omissions, would translate to an innovation path, the global global -- law. if we can cut emissions we can take us to paris. this is a transformation pathway
that could take us to 2050. we need to transform the food system from being the single largest source of omissions to becoming the single largest think of omissions. whether we like it or not, need to recognize the need to have carbon captures and biological capture storage. we also need to maintain the carbon ecosystems and all of ,his, if we can d carbonized transform food systems, keep resilient ecosystems, we have a 60's of present chance of staying under two degrees celsius. this is a global transformation. it is exponential journey. we are not used to thinking exponentially. take 37 steps in a
linear fashion, the length of this stage more or less, 37 steps, if we think about these steps in the financial fashions and think one step, then to. and for, then eight within 32. you get the picture. you can do the math as well as i. you have fundamentally different results. if we start here today and take 20 exponential steps we will be in the l.a. take 26 come we will be back in a way because we have gone all around the planet. if we take 30 steps will be on the moon. 37, we will be on mars. that is the difference between linear and exponential.
it is the difference between linear progress and exponential progress when we think about climate change. from mars for let's come back to earth and say are we actually on an x potential path? we would like to day to put forward that we actually are on exponential path in some sectors. let's begin with what we have seen in renewable energy. we have definitely seen renewable energy was a boutique operation. solar andhe growth of wind we have gone to a doubling of renewable energy every 5.5 years. trend, weinue that will actually be safely even the discounting for the challenges we will have. safely at 50% renewable energy
by 2030. something that would have been andinkable 10 years ago exponential progress. now let's look to the latest read thenews that we newspapers every day, electric vehicles. quite exciting. 10 years ago electric vehicles were science fiction. now we have every major car company putting forward their electric models. a growing number of countries that are banning the if theythe new vehicles are internal combustion. regulating that all new vehicles will have to be electric. currently the uptick in electric vehicles is following market path.
once these policies come into effect we will have electric vehicles in the market following and exponential path through combination of market forces and policies. the we have, let's look at green finance sector. a very exciting sector. just on green bonds. we know that in order to transform the global economy we need to invest a trillion dollars every year into green infrastructure. just on green bonds, one of the financial instruments, where have we gone? from where we were, practically unheard of instrument 10 years ago to already next financial curve, followed until 2021. we will be at $1 trillion just
with green bonds. another exponential curve we are beginning to see is the divestment movement started in 2015. we are at 6 trillion with exponential curves to look forward to. carbon pricing, yet another financial instrument to accelerate low carbon economic growth. the going word on the street is carbon pricing is not occurring. not true. you can see how much is actually already occurring in terms of countries and in terms of coverage of greenhouse gases with more news to come very soon. across these green finance sectors with different instruments, we are starting to see the exponential curve moving forward. that of course means companies
have targets.o stay tuned for an exciting announcement today that will take us beyond where we are now at this moment of 476 companies. all of this together means countries are actually able to peek omissions. by 2020 we know we will have 53 companies -- countries who will have been able to peek omissions while increasing gdp. disassociateing to the two curves of economic growth and ghd growth. which is what is called for in the paris agreement. so, yell hand. . have to be frank
everything i have said is all well and good. it only covers a few sectors. what happens to the others? >> it puts us in the point of schizophrenia. there has never been a reason to be as nervous as today but never so much reason to be hopeful given the exponential rise we are seeing. when hurricane florence is about to hit north carolina and we know this is likely associated due to the weakening of the jet stream we also see these positives. what we are releasing here today is building on empirical evidence that you just presented , and looking at the next 12 years. what is the opportunity we have to cut emissions by half by 2030 of the next 12 years following the global carbon law that can take us to paris?
the 30 solutions we have which are scalable, which are sociallyly beneficial and economically across all sectors of society. this covers the whole transport energy, buildings. it is a careful walk-through of the mapping that has been done from private sector, from policy, countries around the world to see what is realistically achievable wedge by wage, scale by scale. 50% electricity from solar wind by 2030 on the current trajectories. excitingly, as food consumption and you get land use, the final battleground, whether we reach paris is not only about the carbonized the energy system, it is about sustainable and healthy food systems.
even here solutions are in place. we can succeed the minimizing recycling, resources quick getting new energy balances in our ecosystem. this shows that we are on path to success. >> to support this , they cameion together in paris to agree to a carbon -- agree to a current path. we have taken that path and we moment betweene now and 2020 to ensure we are keeping track of the exponential process -- x potential progress. 20 is only two minutes from now. months, when few
countries must come together again to assess what they have been able to do what the private sector has done. what technologies have moved forward. they will have to come together to step up their national ambition once again. is a five year cycle in the paris agreement. need to upgrade and update their aspirations aced on the realities they see and the projection they believe is going to be possible. 2020 is the first year these countries must come to the table. it is also the year science has told us it is the last moment we have to actually be able to bend the curve of omissions -- of emissions. and begin the radical dissent that we must follow in order to
stay safely under two degrees. we have heard today that this exponential transformation is necessary. seen in some sectors it is already exponential. and we just heard that it is achievable. the moment it has come to move from knowing it's achievable to actually achieving it. gathered towe are do over the next two days. you have been invited to a summit. it is not only a summit. this is an invitation for all of you to join the journey of exponential transformation. for you to assess where are you on the exponential curve and how can you reach out to everyone else? tapirs, to colleagues, to the themy chain, to encourage to change their mindset from linear to exponential.
agreement, she helped bring together leaders from cities, states, business and civil society to strengthen the historic deal. today she represents not only her own city of paris, but a coalition of 96 cities that are home to 700 million people and one fourth of the global economy. please welcome mayor anne hidalgo. >> let me tell you a story, the story of europe and european citizen, mother of three and mayor of one of the biggest in the world who essentially brought it before the european court to defend the right of citizens to freeze. it all starts in 2015. the case that led them to review and environments law to give license to pollute.
the origin of this case, the manipulation by auto might automobile makers [inaudible] europe only change the rules. as mayor of paris fighting to ensure that my city breathes, i could not allow that. against the advice of many people, but with the support of thousands of citizens enjoined by my colleague, i decided to challenge the commission's decision. i was then told the in order to
do so i needed to be directly and personally affected. as the mayor directly and personally affected by air pollution, i am, because as a mayor it is my direct responsibility to protect the citizen. i always keep in mind the mandates they gave me. i add on behalf of parisians, with their trust and defending their interest and directly improve fluid affected when hospitals report to me and increasing number of children .suffering from asthma and directly and personally affected when doctors challenge me on air pollution which is causing new cancers every year. i am directly and personally affected when eyewitness that the most vulnerable ones are affected by climate
i'm waiting for the decision. i don't know if we go to other truth, but i know that we mayors, friends, colleagues [inaudible] >> we are directly and personally affected. we are to limit to act for each of the question, we are best placed to defend them [inaudible] hi is -- the paris agreement invitation to do so. our house is burning and we look as well. this announcement was made by
former president at the opening in 2002. our house is burning now literally. it is about time to act. thank you for your attention. [applause] >> please welcome anchor and executive producer bloomberg technologies, emily chang. [applause] emily: hello. welcome. thank you so much for being here today. we all know that mitigating climate change has to be a
national priority and more often than not the real work that we are seeing being done from the ground up, whether it cities or states of businesses or civil society advocating for action. implementing wealthy and making big investment so even where national leadership is falling short we have national leaders on the ground to fulfill the mission we discussed in paris. i am pleased to introduce some of the leaders. we have the governor of new jersey phil murphy who demonstrated the power that states can have as climate actors. he has recommitted to the regional greenhouse gas initiative and put the state on track for one 100% clean energy by 2050. she became mayor in 2006 and since that time she has championed new programs to make warsaw a green metropolis including revamping the
transportation network and she will be left most this december. i know a lot of you will be there. it is not just about state and local government leading the charge. they are often challenged to set even bigger goals by civil society organizations to keep the rest of us on track. we have executive director who is a renowned expert on the intersection of climate change, gender and poverty. he also has fascinating on-the-job stories that she will be sharing with us. [applause] and, companies around the world are starting to understand the importance of these issues and take action. really excited to have kevin johnson here comes a ceo of starbucks. he was on the board for ten years. he is led some really bold commitments to social impact including the recent
announcement that starbucks will eliminate the waste and has zero plastic straws globally by 2020. my mom, your biggest strawberry acai drinker is getting use this, but she is on board. last but not least we have one of the biggest players who led the negotiation in paris on behalf of the obama administration. he leads the efforts to engage on socially conscious investments and aligning that with their portfolio and values. the challenges may be different for all of these parties, but the goal is the same and that is decarbonization. >> brian, i thought i would start with you since you were there on the ground in paris, leading an important player in leading the negotiations for the obama administration. what was your reaction? the current administration pulling out, and what you think the real impact of that has been
i think there is a certain physics to politics and so, as inexplicable as that decision was, i think for people around the world and for people who work closely on it, what i think is equally or more notable is that that action has had an equal and opposite reaction. you have seen that by countries around the world. if you took us back to paris and you asked us where we really be two and half years in, if you can predict the unexpected event like brexit, i think you would look at where we are today and feel quite optimistic that every country, every major economy has not only recommitted but committed to the idea that what paris stood for is irreversible.
we see that, we see the action that's happening at the state and local level, and we see it in the investing world as well. they have increasingly been interested in these that of issues. there's an irony that in fact it took the trump administration to bring a unifying force to the american sector to be in favor of climate action. [applause] it's the equal and opposite reaction i tend to focus on. >> let's talk about the galvin's the -- the galvanize positive side of that. i would like to hear from all of you what you think your biggest accomplishment has been since paris. governor murphy, i'll start with you. >> thrilled to be here, i want
to thank the host for this extraordinary convening. >> in a conversation with governor brown, we talked about climate mostly, and i said to him on the doll, i want a new jersey to be the california of the east coast. and one of my jurisy -- one of my jersey buddies said you have to go stronger. you say we have to succeed so much california is going to be the jersey of the west coast. we have a vision for 100% clean energy economy by the year 2050, a big piece of that is off-shore wind. and if you said to me what's the one thing i'd love to anchor with you today, is we've laid out a vision for 3500 mega watts
by 20 # 30 in off-shore wind. new jersey is situated with the wind curts and the plates and depths and i'm proud to say our border utilities is going to consider the first round of solicitation for 1 # 1100 mega watts. i'm going to ask them in 2020, and 2022, 1200 mega watts so this is going to happen. it's not just wind. it's solar, it's community solar, it's a huge environmental justice program, and boy all of this creates jobs and makes us healthier and gives us better lives. [applause] >> cities have a huge role to play here. talk was about the role that war saw is playing and you also have something to announce today. >> i think in the case of -- we
started quite late. because i can say that in realistic terms we started to think and to elaborate and to face a challenge of -- when we came a member of the -- which in the case of poland is 2004. i think that the cities and the eu, whichber of the in the case of poland is 2004. i think that the cities and the mayors they play a very important role. i should confess that in a stronger than the government. and we do our job. what i mean by that we introduce -- we change the because of this in history as i mentioned already in the beginning we started a little bit late. but very much determined and what is the most important in our case is that the indication
and the awareness of the issue. we have to have schools educate students. [applause] fortunate, in another case we have an indication of the evidence -- this was important in the previous system, and so it is not going too bad. what is also important we invest in businesses, and we have a special arrangements with the -- and the economics curve we are working at the moment for -- this is an example. what is also important this event and i can assure we have
for example we have a picnic with climate so that people and the public also -- [speaking in native tongue] what is important for us about our task and activity in among other countries, i give you one example. we have participated with budgets. it means people get money, and they can do what they want, and now they decided this district they would bike to have more money to deal with pollution. it was their own decision. for us it's important b the corporation -- international corporation because we are -- and share our knowledge with other cities. we participate in paris, chicago, london.
>> i'm first to thank governor brown on behalf of my organize. climate change is a political challenge. not a technical challenge. that's my starting point. [applause] thank you. it's an issue of justice and fairness. if i think about my uncle who lives in a village in uganda and is a farmer it would take him 129 years to emit the same amount of carbon dioxide as an average american citizen emits in one year. 129 years.
the climate crisis was caused by the emissions of rich people, but it is poor people who are hit hardest. [applause] and so -- what excites me is really that we're seeing that in spite of that, the the pendulum is swinging towards other countries. they're acting. here are some examples. the climate vulnerable for 50 countries, poorest countries, least developed countries, small islands have committed to have 100% renewable energy by 2050. this is their commitment. [applause] they're holding a virtual climate summit in november. that's leadership. china and india today they're
investment in renewable energies is the highest and is rising fastest. that's china and india. south africa, is among the top ten countries that are deploying ultimately-scale solar power. that's leadership. and so i'm optimistic but i also know as the scientist said we need to do more. it's simply not enough. and that's why we are calling for an end to the use of coal worldwide. [applause] there shouldn't be another coal plant installed in the world today, and that the existing ones should be scheduled out and phased out as fast as possible.
we've done an estimate we've estimated that for every dollar invested in coal in asia, that dollar will cause $10 of climate change damage in that region alone. so what do you call that? you call it economics of self-harm. we can't do that. so calling for the end of coal we are excited about the momentum that has been jertd because climate change is a political issue. it's an issue of people power. we need people power and that's why i was so excited by the marches.
[applause] >> kevin, starbucks has a lot of constituencies. you have coffee growers, customers who love their strawz. share holzers, how do you balance where to invest your time, energy and your money towards sustainability given you are a for-profit company with all of these obligations? >> it's a privilege to be here today and what would a publicly traded company a like starbucks be doing at a conference like this. as we've grown over the decades we have nearly 29,000 starbucks stores in 78 countries, over 330,000 starbucks partners who proudly wear the green apron serving 100 million customers a week. we are a company that in the
fabric of our mission, our culture, and our values is the belief that the pursuit of profit is not in clift with the pursuit of doing good. we are a company that started the journey years ago where one of our social impact pillars is sustainability. we are working to make coffee the first sustainable agriculture product in the world. we are doing that in partnership with the public sector, and with ngo's conservation international, and we're working with coffee growers around the world. we've extended that to provide greener cups in our stores. we've made announcements, we
introduced a repsycholikely cup a year ago. but many municipalities don't have the facilities to recycle all those cups. earlier this year we announced the greener cup challenge, in partnership with the world wildlife foundation and the work we're doing in partnership with closed-loop partners to find new solutions. innovative solutions we've built upon that over the years where we built more lead stores than any other business in the world. we've woven lead criteria into our store development process and taken it not within the united states but around the world. so you put all that together, susstainability is one of our pillars of our agenda, and we're here today to announce how we're going to extend our commitment further. today we're announcic in addition to the journey we've been on we have launched a greener store framework, in addition to building stores with lead criteria, and lead
certification, we're now extending it to how we operate those stores. things that really focus on renewable energy that's used in our stores. water, stewardship, the things that we're doing to better manage and reduce wastes and it's all driven with the aspiration to be the number one company in the world with the sustainable platform from origins, working with farmers, the entire supply chain to the stores and the end product we deliver. so we're very excited about the opportunity that brings. [applause] host: bryan as kevin said making money shouldn't be at odds with creating a better planet for us and future generations. that said, do investors really value sustainablability, and do you believe it is a competitive advantage. can you make more money by investing sustainably, or investing in sustainable efforts
or are those two things at odds? >> we are an asset manager, which means our purpose is to protect and glow the value of our client's assets. most are invested for the long-term and long-term goals like retirement. our goal in that context is to look forward at risks and opportunities and be better at anticipating those on behalf of our clients. and in that context the first point i would make consistent with what kevin said is that sustainable investing is no longer a nice to do. it's no longer an exercise in trading value for values. and it's increasingly becoming core to that mission of providing a better future for the clients that we serve. i think that when with we talk about climate change in particular, i think that too many parts of the investing world there has been a view that the risk of climate are real but too long-term. too hard to measure.
they're too uncertain to really build into a, an investment strategy, and you know the second point i would make that the facts and the data have well made that view ons obsolete. i think the opportunity and responsibility on all of us in the investing community is to up our game. and get better at understanding those risks and measuring the risks, and pricing the risks and using them to deliver better outcomes.
and we have committed to occasion our part on that front. we are doing a number of things. we engage with companies that have the most risk with climate change and we expect them to disclose those risks and to have a plan to address those. we sent letters to 120 of those companies this year to ask them that the task force put out a framework what are they doing to put that in practice in their own companies. second, we can build in the cutting edge physical risk data about climate change into our own investment processes, and we believe that the data and the science has accelerated to a point that we can provide a much clearer picture, not just at the city level or street level but down to the individual structure level of what those risks are, and we can connect those back to the assets that we own, the securities that we own. that makes us better investors but also has the impact of driving change throughout the insurance ecosystem, if we more effectively price those risks.
.ts andand third from an investment perspective climate change is not just about risk. it's also about opportunity. you listen to what kevin's doing, kevin is finding commercial opportunities to reinforce the starbination starbucks purpose by putting your money where your company's mouth is. we believe we can more effectively deliver for investors a holistic view of our company's ready for this low-carbon transition. are they prepared to capture the opportunities as well as mitigate the risks. and then allow investors to align their capital tz to those who are more prepared. they can do well by doing good. the last thing that i would say is that ultimately as a investor, the other big opportunity that we can't ignore is the capital needs to
transition the world infrastructure to a low-carbon world. that the energy infrastructure and the transportation infrastructure globally need to transition. and we at black rock have invested $5 billion in renewable wind and solar assets, and we are committed to seeing the challenge of the capital that needs to flow, not just wind and solar but the global carbon transition. seeing that as an opportunity and stepping into the challenge to say how can we give investors opportunity to invest in that transition in a way that will generate commercial returns, and deploy capital into frontier economies and frontier technologies. and we're ready to step up and do that. [applause] governor murphy we have another hurricane barreling to the east coast, it took new jersey a long
time to recover from hurricane sandy, there's a belief that the climate change made the hurricane more powerful. there were big economic losses. how do you see the clean energy economy contributing to economic growth? this idea of doing well by doing good. >> there's a fascinating discussion, and one reaction i'm having is that the likes of all of us will never have mattered more, whether you're a governor in my case, a mayor running a for-profit ceo. given the hand we've been dealt we will have never mattered more. i think 100 years from now they'll look back and say we changed history. that's the reason we've gathered here today. and one of the -- a lot of myth busting, so you have in the corporate side and the investment side you can do good or do well. that's a reality in politics. if you're for climate change you must be against economic growth.
and that's a myth that we must be vigilant in completely shattering because it's a one plus one equals three opportunity. i mentioned in passing, this is a huge job creator. union jobs more often than not. you'll think through that off-shore wind historic opportunity we had. that's thousands of jobs. that's direct input into our economic growth. you look at -- we were having a discussion earlier today look at the health disparities we have. winnie made the point that the poorest among us pay the highest price. if you look at the asthma rates in the cities, you look at the rates that are multiples of the rates elsewhere in our state or elsewhere in our country and you can imagine a better future where you get that back into line. you have an enormous benefit not just to individuals but to
society more generally. or to disparities in life expectancy, which are shockingly wide depending on the communities in which you live. again if we could get at that collectively that is a huge contributor, not just to society and those individuals, but the economic growth. so this is -- it's jobs, it's better health outcomes, it's a better quality of life. and this notion that you can either do good or do well but you can't do both, we have to collectively commit that we're going to shatter that once and for all. [applause] >> host: now clearly this is something we're all going to do
together, whether it's the investment community or the government or cities or civil society, or corporations. what is the one thing you will do and i'll have our last three panelists answer the question. how do you see committing to work together with other organizes to get to this end goal that we all believe in? >> i think that in the case of of -- more allocated than it was before. they push us. they wanted to have everything immediately but we don't have the money to do everything at the same moment. so we do different things. then we do the most important and also about b the eu, eu offers defense mainly for the environment. which is very positive and very important. so for example we have one of the most modern waste water treatment plants. which was very costly because it was about b $1 million, and this
was sponsored by the eu. of course the standards are for here. with the incinerator which uses energy from the waste it's important for the environment so we try to go to combine and to gather together business and also -- we would like also to make energy efficient city, and housing. we would like to interact building standards. as a city the government can't do it. i think what is also important to preserve the green space. and also we have 30% is green. so we are lucky from this point of view.
when you land and can see from the plane that it's one of the most green capital cities in this part of europe, and so it's important we have the other side of the river, on the left side you have different things which you can use. i would say modernized but it's on the other side of the river. people bike and jog. this is a very unusual thing. i remember one of the questions was how much money did you spend to keep it? we were lucky we didn't change it.
so i think this is the way we try to do it, and what is very important in our case is a measure in the beginning is that transportation is cheaper year after year which is not the case in many countries because we enlisted a lot. but we reduced the prices of the tickets and they are the same they were. with the water supply they will pay now 14% less than last years. this is the way how we manage. [applause] >> host: we're out of time so winnie and kevin, i want to give you the last word. how do you see collaborating with other constituencies to have the greatest impact. what do you see as the greatest opportunity to collaborate and also have a great impact?
>> i think the most important think to do for us in civil society, definitely is to challenge the economic model that has resulted in climate change. because climate change -- [applause] is one symptom of a broken economy. extreme inequality is another symptom of a broken economy. we have an economy that does not that obscures the cost of economic activity to the environment. and the same economy also hides the contributions of ordinary people particularly women, of caring for children, caring for people, caring for the sick. that is also not counted in the
economy. and we have an economy then that counts narrowly economic activity. leaves out the most important things like looking after environment, looking after people. i could say blankly if i were to put it bluntly, this economy trashes the environment, and trashes people. ordinary people. especially women. [applause] so for us -- the most important thing would be to work with business people, to look for alternative models that share value with ordinary people, that rely less on fossil fuels. it will be to work with governments and cities to look for ways to support ordinary poor vulnerable people to adapt to climate change. it will be about going on the
streets and demonstrating people power so that politicians can organize our economies differently. so i hope you'll join us on this street. [applause] >> host: how should other companies, caven? >> if you look at this problem on a global basis it can be so overwhelming it can be discouraging. if you look at this problem through your silo you could say what can i do. the only way to look at this problem in my opinion, is say am i partnering with other like-minded public sector ngo's and businesses to make progress. and it is that progress, momentum will build momentum.
and optimism is a force multiplier. so the work we do in partnership with ngo's with public sector, with other businesses, to around sustainable is the only way that i think we can solve this problem. [applause] host: thank you to all of you for the work you're doing and for being here, really appreciate you sharing your thoughts today. thank you. [applause] >> please welcome professor of economics and government at the london school of economics, nick almost nicholas stern. -- lord nicholas stern. >> thank you. my argument is simple.
the transition to the zero carbon economy is the inclusive growth story of the 21st century. let me explain. the world economy must grow over the next 15-20 years in order to overcome poverty. to avoid dangerous climate change that meansplementic the paris agreement, emissions must peak and be cut by at least 30% in the next 15 years. otherwise, we risk halting and reversing economic development, and forcing hundreds of millions of people to move with real risks of severe and extended conflict. but it is clear we need a new type of growth if we're to radically reduce carb and move to net zero emissions as close to 2050 as possible. we're in a hurry to establish this growth because infrastructure will double in
the next 15 years and the world economy will double in the next 20. we must not lock in old and dirty technologies. the good news as we lay out in the new report by the new climate economy, is that the transition to the zero emissions economy is the growth story of this century. this is a still stronger statement than the case made in the stern review in 2006 that the cost of an action exceed the cost of action. we can see a bigger story here. one of innovation, discovery, investment, and growth. and it's a much attractive form of growth. with cities we can move and breathe. and ecosystems that are robust and fruitful. the report sets out what we must do in five key sectors. clean energy, smarter urban development. sustainable land use, wise water
management, and the circular and resource efficient economy. and it sets out the policies that can deliver both growth and the necessary emissions reductions. first, man date carbon disclosure. second, slert investment in sustainable infrastructure. third, foster private sector innovation, and fourth, ensure a just transition with people at thester. the benefits are many as the graphic behind me shows, including not only stronger growth, but also 65 million jobs by 2030. that is what inclusive means, or one of the things inclusive means. delay is very dangerous. the new growth story is in their hands, now it's a time to decide, to act, and the time for
leadership r leadership. but to get global results we know that action has to happen from the ground up. that's the story of this summit. and to look at this in more detail pleas welcome director of data driven yale dr. angel hsu. >> it's not just national government that are clamoring for this kind of future. cities states and regions and companies are setting their sights just as high and often higher. manysets and companies have pledged to limit emissions to support the goals of the paris agreement.
added all together our latest findings show these thousands of cities state, and region and company pledges are leading to measurable emissions reductions in the order of # is . 5, to 2.2 giga tons of carbon dioxide equivalent over government policies in 2030. this is roughly equivalent to double canada yearly total emissions. they can't just deliver on the paris bills alone. we need everyone working together. cities states, regions reaching full potential of emission reductions is as possible if all of these articles achieve their ambitious reduction goals across all sector. global emissions could fall by one-third by 2030, putting the climate goals in reach. particularly in the land use and non-energy sectors there is so much potential we could harness. so the next step is to scale up our commitments and enlist the full support of national governments. every one of us has a play to make the commitments a reality, thank you. [applause]
>> well as you just heard climate change presents not only a threat but an opportunity to invigorate our societies and economy at a global scale. as we've seen proof of the critical role that states and regions and cities in businesses and investors and citizens will all play in the push for a climate-safe future. and now in the next segment we're going to hear about some of the areas where progress is being made, and to kick us off let's hear from a special guest. now this guest is a hero on the silver screen, and also a hero in the fight against climate change. >> the reason is very simple
because you are heros environmental heros the legislature number one in california, the passing sb100. the governor of california jerry brown for signing sb100 and all are heroes because you're fighting for a clean environment. now i'm doing a science fiction because i can't be with you. i'm doing terminator 6. but what you're doing is not science fiction. i only play a hero if you're but you're the true action heros. thank you. [applause] >> and our thanks to arnold schwarzenegger. driving the transition away from fossil fuels, coal has powered the world but now there are cleaner and healthier fuels to
provide energy for the country and for the world. here's a case in point. an interesting case in point. last year the kentucky coal mining museum did something unexpected. it switched to solar power. not the political reasons but to save money. so if woo we we take the right steps now we will hear many stores like this in the years to come. the coal alliance is making sure we do here many more good news stories. the alliance represents over 50 countries regions and businesses working to move us all beyond fossil fuels for good. and now it's my pleasure to introduce some of the people who are working to power past coal.
shane, the minister for climate change and sustainability of the australia capital territory. cathryn kenna. and the uk's special representative for climate change, nick bridges. [applause] >> good morning ladies and gentlemen. around the world we burn over 5 billion tons of coal every year. for every ton of coal we burn, we release over two and a half tons of carbon dioxide which gets trapped in our atmosphere. warming the planets. burning coal releases hazardous pollutions and toxic chemicals but carbon and sulfides that cause asthma, and cardiovascular disease. coal causes over 800,000
premature deaths worldwide every year. recognizing the impacts the coal alliance was created to a vision beyond coal. we are providing example of moving beyond coal. we are on track to achieve 100 percent renewable electricity by 2020. we are positive that the switch to renewables can happen now. [applause] i am pleased to announce the it australian capital territory, along with nine jurisdictions have passed the coal alliance. i would like to notice the canada and u.k. if to replace coal power with renewable energy sources. in partnership with bloomberg philanthropies we're developing case studies and we're brig together governments and businesses and help organizes slert this change.
i am excited to announce the new members of our coalition. connecticut, hawaii, new york state, minnesota, cities of rotterdam, honolulu and los angeles. give them a round of applause. [applause] as we work together to end our alliance on coal power we can reduce carbon emissions improve public health and create jobs all at the same time. and in many parts of the world including australia it is now cheaper to build a new wind solar farm than it is to build a new coal power plant. we can help work by pursuing these activities and create a more vibrant sustainable
economy. let's take a look at how we're going to do it. >> renewable energy is cost competitive to coal. there's no longer any reason to be using coal. we want to cement that trajectory toward a renewable future and make sure the rate of closures increases between now and 2030. tourism is a huge industry in washington. the initial focus was on visibility, and s02, because one of the main tractions of people going to mt. rainier is wanting to see the mountain. >> we had to shut down a plant that's key to the power grid between seattle and portland. >> all the tax base that has built our infrastructure because of this plant it's been very significant. >> we said to the company, we will let you sell your coal
product as long as you agree to a -- >> 2020 some workers will be effected, and 2025 other workers are effected. >> it was so important to have the community get ready for the shut down at the power plant. >> they agreed to provide $50 million in transition funds in three categories, energy efficienciancy, community and economic development and clean energy technologies. >> it really can be a been-win to retuse the large air pollution sources. for economically developing, for reducing the air pollution and we're getting healthier. >> for communities anywhere in the world facing a coal plant closure, it's worth the effort to invest in the communication and the dialogue. because it comes down to environment, labor, business opportunities combined help the business get to clean.
to say a few words on behalf of the twelve and a half working men and women who belong to the 55 unions of the aflcio. i'm a coal minor by trade. a third generation coal minor by trade. now that might seem unusual at a but i learnedis, something about science and the mines. theboss told us to ignore deadly hazards, that sagging timber, that black-long cough. science told us the truth. , again, science tells us the truth, that climate change threatens our workers, our jobs and our economy. that is what the labor movement
supports bold, comprehensive action to fight climate change. [applause] that is why we support continued progress on vehicle tailpipe standards, and why we passed a strong climate resolution at our last convention. that is why we continue to support the paris agreement. this is a mistake, tough issue for us, but as a labor movement, we are used to and tough choices. we are prepared to do the right thing for our people and our planet, and we know that this fight can and must be about investing in a better, more inclusive, more just future, and about creating good jobs and good lives for working families.
so i ask each one of you, does your plan for fighting climate more from a sick, retired coal miner than it does from you or your family? then you need to think again. climate strategies that leave fundsiners' pension bankrupt and power plant workers unemployed and construction workers make less than they make now, plans and that devastate communities today while offering vague community promises about the future, they are more than unjust. the fundamentally undermine power of the political coalition
needed to address the climate crisis. [applause] our enemies use these plans to divide us. them to feed a politics of division and fear that threatens our entire democracy. many areerstand frustrated with the pace of change, butimate simply demanding that plans, industries and projects be shut down, with no plan for the people who are put out of work, no call for shared sacrifice, and no dialogue or solidarity with those whose lives and communities are dependent on carbon-based fuel. that poisons the political well,
and slows meaningful action on climate change. it's not good enough to simply call for an end to carbon emissions. we have a responsibility to think thoughtfully and strategically about how to actually make that change. and as a labor movement, we are ready to move faster. so what does that require? well, it requires people like sitting people like me, down to figure out how we fund and invest in technology and workers and communities that can economy oftainable broadly-shared prosperity. [applause] california is showing us the way. under governor brown's
unions and employers and governments have come together to fight climate change and create good jobs, by attaching labor standards to climate policy. alone san joaquin valley right here in the california oil country, there has been over 4000 megawatts of new clean energy projects in the last two 50 million job hours of union work at union wages with union benefits made possible, and new aid sick leave and compensation laws, combined with strong collective-bargaining agreements help keep our members healthy and safe in the entire process. that is what it looks like when we partner to fight against
climate change and for good jobs. this is a remarkable time for collective action. teachers from west virginia to inzona, workers transportation, journalism, energy and more are really together for a voice on the job. the popularity of unions recently hit a 15 year high, and we are just getting started. we can bring that energy and momentum to the fight against climate change. i say, let's join together, let's get the job done, and let's do it the right way. thank you very much. [applause] ♪
narrator: the napa-sonoma fire. 'ot only did it impact peoples lives, it impacted the entire environment around us. it illustrated what can happen very quickly to an entire community, and that is an experience that we just don't want to see going on around the country, and around the world. >> climate change is here, it is happening, it is real. all we have to do is look around at the weather phenomenon. we are constantly setting records across the globe, hottest days, hottest years, hottest average temperatures. it is impacting all of us. a it is hard to imagine dimension of human health that climate change doesn't touch. it deepens poverty. it threatens our food and water
supply. it tears people from their homes. of the worlde part uninhabitable. if you care about climate change you have to care about health, and if you care about health you have to care about climate change. as a pediatrician, my job is not only to take care of the children i am seeing in my practice, but also to advocate for a healthy environment for the children i am taking care of. a health effects of climate change disproportionately affect children, people of color, people living in poverty, the withly, people living chronic disease. and as climate change worsens, the health outcomes caused by climate change in these populations will worsen as well. >> there has been coalition of hospital systems all around the world working to address the environmental footprint, especially the climate footprint of health care, so that the mission of health care is expanding to go beyond treating individual patients, to supporting individual communities and a healthier planet. >> having a business where we
creatingpportunity of public having private partnerships, and it is that synergy that i think will help us to really get at this problem and work at it together towards a resolution. ♪ i truly believe that if our policymakers and the public were able to understand better that climate change is an urgent human health issue, we would get to where we need to be to act on climate as a society. steps becausetake this is impacting all of our health. not everybody cares about energy. not everybody cares about climate change. but everybody cares about health. it is personal. >> climate change is fundamentally a global health issue. >> it is all about health. >> is about health. health, and about we have the opportunity to change the dynamic on behalf of all people. ♪
>> please welcome the chairman and ceo of kaiser permanente, ernard j tyson. ♪ bernard: hello. it is an honor and a privilege to be here and spend a few minutes with you. i would like to start by saying, on behalf of kaiser permanente, what a privilege it is to be a part of working with many others to sell something in this world. whont to say to our guests are not from the bay area, whether you are from outside california or outside the united states, while you are in san francisco, hopefully you will not needed, but should something happen, you are welcome at kaiser permanente.
[laughter] we are very clear as an ananization that there is intersection between the environment and total health. kaiser permanente is focused on what we call total health, the mind, the body, the spirit. we also know that there are circumstances that affect a person's health. how you eat, how you sleep, how you manage stress. those are some examples. we also are aware of how the environment directly affects a person's health, and that is the intersection at which kaiser permanente is involved. we believe that we can make a difference in the climate. we believe that we can help others to deal with the effects of the climate changes that are going on.
know from our work, we know from the studies, we know from the heat map, that when these natural disasters happen it affects the health of individuals, it affects the mental health, it affects the breathing, it affects the lungs, soaffects parts of the body, we are committed to being part of the solution. earlier this week we announced that we now have put additional agreements in place to achieve our commitment of being carbon neutral by the end of 2020. [applause] it was recommended that i wait until today to make that announcement, but i was too on monday, we did it
and now i repeat it to you. each and every one of us can make a difference. kaiser permanente is demonstrating that. square over 75 million feet of space around the united states, at which we provide care and coverage and total health. we are onossible, and our way, with our windfarms and with our solar and with our data our battery- with systems. we are already at 30% toward that carbon-neutrality goal. so we are privileged to be here and be a part of this. when i first started to get engaged with this and go to paris and be a part of that, at one of the panels i made a statement. i said, i am very new at this, and i am very new at this, and later on i will be more sophisticated about it, and i am
a little more sophisticated given the wonderful team of experts that works at tyler eminent a day that is educating us every single day -- experts that work at kaiser permanente that are educating us every single day. this is a really good place to be, so i am down with mother earth. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ >> we believe that business is a platform for change. that is why we have built a ,lean, carbon neutral cloud operate as a net-zero company, and will reach 100% renewable energy by 2022. we went big. really big.
but in terms of a footprint, the salesforce tower is tiny. it is on track to be double lead platinum certified and sources energy.ewable it outperforms city energy guidelines by more than 20%, will feature the largest rock water system of its kind in north america, saving 30,000 gallons of water a day, and the salesforce working inside it, they are spending thousands of hours volunteering in the environment each year, because the business of business is to make the world a better place. [applause] announcer: and now, chairman and ceo of salesforce, mark bennion. ♪ mark: it's great to be here. welcome to san francisco, everybody. good morning.
and morning everybody, governor brown, vice president gore, all of our cochairs, delegates, friends from around the world. as a native san franciscan items thrilled to join the mayor and the people of our city in welcoming you here to our hometown. i hope you're having a good time .o read -- a good time , my wife at salesforce and i, we are deeply honored to be your partner at this gathering. we are here today because this climate change, climate change is impacting every continent, every country, every human being. we are here because the worst effects of climate change will be endured by the poorest and most vulnerable among us. this is a matter of equality and justice.
we are here because even with the historic commitments made in paris, the amazing commitments that were made in paris, even with the new commitments at this summit, and it's a great summit, it is not enough. on track to not meet these targets, and soon the impact of climate can be irreversible. this is a make or break moment. that is why we are here and why we have to do much, much more. it is up to our generation to act now. the threat is so big and multidimensional it cannot be solved by anyone, any person, any government, any scientific anyunity, any business, citizen alone. we must work together. we must do this in a multi-stakeholder way and continue multi-stakeholder dialogue just like this. any citizen alone. and we need to come together in one, grand coalition.
this is critical for our future buried with tremendous resources at our disposal, i truly believe that the businesses, companies like mine, can be one of the greatest platforms for change, including in this incredible fight against climate change. company,o of a tech i'm excited and i'm going to tell you why. we have an extraordinary opportunity to harness the amazing technology of this fourth industrial revolution that surrounds us. artificial intelligence, baton --his vehicles, advance intelligence, baton of his vehicles, to use them for a better planet. i want to challenge people like me, ceos, in the united states and around the world, to recognize the business of
business is not simply making money. the business of business is improving the state of the world. the business of business is to make the world a better place. and i challenge ceos to see that climate change action is a becauseive advantage, today's customers, our investors, our employees, all of our stakeholders and especially our millennial employees, they want to be associated with companies that take the lead on sustainability. and the spirit of innovation that has transformed our world and is transforming our world with this fourth industrial revolution, it must also be harnessed now to save our planet. --se technologies has been technologies have been given to us as a gift, and now we much harness these technologies to accomplish our goals. but each and everyone of us must
step up, and every ceo must step up. and many times, there is an opportunity in our own backyard. that in here in san francisco, i'm so passionate about our environment, but also our ocean. ike can see incredible changen our oceans. the health of our oceans and health of our societies are deeply linked. but today our oceans and societies are threatened by overfishing, pollution, climate bleaching.al yet look at what is possible when we bring our stakeholders together. world economic forum in geneva, switzerland, the friends of ocean action, a network of scientists, entrepreneurs, advocates who have come together and helped the g7 prioritize oceans for the very first time in this year's summit.
center atan research the university of california santa barbara, bringing together the brightest minds in science to find solutions to these problems. look at san francisco this all the ocean cleanup way from amsterdam, which last week launched a system from here in san francisco to clean up all that plastic in the great pacific garbage dump. this is what societies, incredible people, incredible entrepreneurs taking risks, looking for new ideas, new notions, innovations, it is all around us. look at the new research expedition in northwest hawaii that we are in partnership with my good friend, our senator, which is going to help us protect our oceans. look at what happened at where we brought in
technologists and entrepreneurs and venture capitalists and businesses and governments who are looking for new ways to heal the ocean. progress is possible when we bring all our stakeholders together and especially ceos. just as every ceo has to step up, every organization and company has to step up as well. we needknow and i know to see a broad d ecarbonization for our country, sector by sector. salesforce is partnering with mission 2020 to create an alliance of 21 major technology companies that are going to therbonize and harness power of the industrial revolution to reduce omissions -- reduce emissions. the step upng it
declaration because we are stepping up to tangible commitments, a climate turning point by 2020, and we want every company to join us. salesforced our is not far from here. it is powered by 100% renewable energy. it is already one of the most sustainable buildings in the world. what is example of possible in the future using these new technologies. all of our offices established after 2020 will meet the highest leed standards for efficiency, and we need every company to fully embrace all of these green building practices. salesforce operates today is a net zero company. with net zero greenhouse gas omissions, delivering a clean, carbon-neutral cloud for all our customers worldwide. company in ourry industry, and cloud computing,
to commit now to have that zero cloud. [applause] just as we have committed to being 100% renewable by 2022, we need every company to go with us to be 100% renewable. and we can do it. it is all right in front of us. it is easy and straightforward. all we have to do is decide, now is the time. today salesforces also announcing we will establish new, science-based targets for emissions even further, and will encourage our suppliers and our partners to do the same, because every business has the opportunity to not only do this themselves, but to motivate across their entire supply chain . every company can motivate across their entire ecosystem, we all have that leverage. us use thatn leverage when we went to indiana, and we can use our
might to change laws when there is discrimination against the useq community, we can and same energy to change find the incredible world we are speaking. 1% of our time, 1% of our , many ngos and nonprofits are here, including some of the great ones we all know like the sierra club, amazing, or greenpeace, using salesforced to run their operation. and that is so meaningful to us, because for over 20 years we and given to nonprofits ngos as part of our charter. and because every salesforce daysyee gets seven paid
off a year to volunteer, our employees have also given more than 3 million hours to worthy causes, including predominantly by earthforce. thousands of our employees give their time and energy and technology capabilities to fight climate change every day. i share this because every pledge 1%n join our movement and unleash the power within them to help create this climate change solution. we are going to get all of our employees unfocused healing our employeesour planet.on healing our every company can have employees that give their time tout the environment. this is how businesses can really step up. that is how we can rise to the moment. this is how we can spark the , the transformation.
take actionnly ourselves, we can inspire all nations to act as well. so on behalf of everyone at salesforce, we are excited to be a partner, excited by the difference that we can make to build the world that is healthier for generations to come. thank you, governor brown, for this amazing summit and let's have an amazing event. thank you very much. [applause] ♪ linda: we have heard from remarkable innovators in business and industry. these are people who are pushing the limits at every field from health care to the workplace to the marketplace. downstairs you will find even
more examples of this kind of exciting, innovative process, in the climate showcased downstairs. but the private sector doesn't have a monopoly on innovation. around the world we are seeing governments step up and provide solutions, and to push forward bold ideas on climate. let's hear from some of those leaders. ♪ announcer: and now, please welcome me -- please join me in welcoming the prime minister of fiji. >> good morning to you all. i wouldnd gentlemen, like to speak to the national and regional leaders in the room and around the world.
we all know the levels of ambition in our plan need to be wrapped up, because we are not on track to reach the dark -- to reach the targets of the paris agreement. around the world, they're producing thousands of good ideas in a torrent of information that can put us back on track. had a very productive when here yesterday in san francisco with representatives of regional government, business and that we areicrocosm level.ing on the global and the stories we heard in the scores ofnd
others around the world, are not toolsalk, they are tools, that can be used by political leaders to increase climate action at the national level. happening inat is cities, in board rooms, and places of worship in schools, and in local communities, provide political leaders with the arsenal we need to increase ambition. speak of the urgency for action but also show us the wealth of possibility offered by new innovations and solutions. and ironic simple truths about climate change is that the more we want everything to stay the same, the more we are going to have to change. loss of land, degradation of wills, effects of warming of community and
culture, so there is no hiding from the consequences. but there are ways to help shape our own destiny. we need to help people embrace the hope. leaders, we were elected to lead, not to pander, not to follow and certainly not to hold up a wet finger to the wind. so let's lead. let's marshall our forces and moved to the front. because as we say in the military, you cannot lead from the rear. eye solvelf, good this climate crisis -- could i saw this climate crisis at the cost of my career, and what i -- and would i? there is only one answer. thank you. [laughter]
♪ announcer: now coming to the stage, the minister of environment for the netherlands: and the president and ceo of the rotterdam authority. ♪ >> good morning. is really wonderful to be here. i'm happy to share the stage with the port of rotterdam authority. program reflects the ambition of the netherlands. we brought paris home, into the heart of our national policy, but also into the heart of businesses, cities and other nonstate partners. together we have the ambition to reduce by 50% our greenhouse gases by 2030. and is a huge challenge,
that means that we are transitioning in our entire economy. we our innovating -- we are innovating our industries. we are reforming our energy power, closing coal-fired plants before 2030. we are building the world's biggest offshore wind farm, and all new cars that will have zero emissions by 2030. when we talk about all this there is one point missing. this world is going to 10 billion people. those 10 billion people will be using a lot of resources. we need to look beyond the energy question and address resource. that is why the netherlands is ouritting to halfing resource used by 2020. we want to be a no waste economy by 2050. [applause]
economy that reuses raw materials, making new from old concrete, new plastics from old plastics. this is an action summit because we need to deliver, and the netherlands is very much committed to doing so. one year ago we committed on ports, and that is why i am happy to be here today with this man, who is going to tell you what the port of rotterdam is committed to do. inc. you, very much. [applause] >> thank you very much. the port industrial area and rotterdam is accountable for 20% of emissions. port of rotterdam is supporting our government activities by investing in energy efficiency, climate capture, and other economy initiatives.
ports are an essential infrastructure to move products, raw materials, goods around the world, to and from countries. together, the shipping industry and ports are accountable for a significant amount of greenhouse gases. you could compare total emissions to the emissions profile of a country like germany. so the port of rotterdam has decided to take action, and i'm very pleased to announce the launch of the global port climate action program. we have reached out to other leading ports around the world to collaborate, to create a coalition of the willing to address climate change issues bonize the maritime sector. and i'm pleased to inform the ports of los angeles, hamburg, and barcelona have joined so far. [applause]
we will focus our efforts on increasing the efficiency of the supply chain by using data technology. uptake ofcrease the renewable shore power and short-to-ship facilities -- -- o-ship- shore-t facilities. and we wish to collaborate with regulators to come up with global and regional appropriate aspirational policies and legislation. we are reaching out to other ports to join our effort. we believe in calling on the shipping industry and ports to join us. we can truly make a difference, and make it happen. inc. you very much. [applause]
♪ announcer: please welcome the european commissioner for climate action and energy, pinete. miguel arias your excellency's, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, this summit is about taking ambition to the next level. i would like to talk about building blocks. the first is commitment. the european union is deeply committed to the paris to a low, a decision carbon, climate resilient future, and we are delivering. we have competed our framework tocompleted our framework
bring clean energy to our citizens. union already has a good record on carbon emissions. we are deeply committed to helping others make the transition, especially the most vulnerable. the european union will continue to show leadership and step up worldwide. that brings me to my second point, operation. we have to meet the global chat my second point, cooperation. we have to meet the global challenge together. the experience of both california and the european union are helpful in this area. are going to step up our carbon programs to bring them much closer. ast year we committed to
dialogue on the design and implementation of our carbon market. we have agreed to enhance this cooperation, including on investments and technologies and production. we will work with others on international levels to develop and implement systems. major player, china, has joined the carbon market community, a signal that the economy the size of china views this as important. the third ingredient for taking ambition to the next level is a clear vision of the future. the european union wants to take the lead on this, but right now we are developing a long-term strategy for reducing european omissions.
at the climate summit in poland, it will be a strategy of cooperation to bring our carbon footprint to zero by 2050, to make our economy more competitive, resilient and modern to show a complete example of how the goals of the paris agreement can be achieved together with social and economic development. we hope to inspire others to make their own long-term plans. this summit shows the power and potential of everyone working together. we can only meet the unprecedented climate challenge by moving forward together. thank you all very much. [applause] ♪ >> good morning. fork you, linda douglass,
your kind introduction. thank you for your tremendous leadership as a representative of the country in the media in the world. it is an honor to be here with so many of you this morning, to welcome so many global leaders to our city of san francisco, and to our golden state of california. of our tradition of being a hotbed of bipartisan environmental fervor, a place where john muir established the sierra club in 1892. and it was another bay area leader, david brower, who established the league of conservation voters. is notng global warming an issue, it is a value and it is imperative we act upon that value. [applause] for this reason, when i was speaker, the priority of
addressing global warming and energy independence was my flagship issue, based on our values, informed by science. science, science, and inspired by the work of vice president al gore, who created the select committee on energy independence and global warming, now led by senator ed markey. despite what is happening washington, i never helpful. working with republicans we passed the energy independence and security act signed by president bush, talking and you have to clean energy, increasing the use of renewables and holding polluters accountable for environmental disaster. under president obama we went on to pass the american clean energy and security act in the house, but we were stopped in the senate by the coal industry. this is another reason i'm grateful to michael bloomberg's
beyond coal initiative working with the sierra club. it is so essential. [applause] as californians we are exceptionally proud of our governor, jerry brown [applause] for his decades of leadership as an early visionary, a brilliant strategist and a persistent champion to preserve the planet for future generations. decades ago he recognized early, that we must act swiftly, boldly and collectively in the face of risingfuture, one of oceans, he was early on the savage wildfires, and extreme and unpredictable weather patterns that devastate communities and destabilize our
world. this conference -- and thank you all for being here -- and the manifestation of governors brown -- is the manifestation of governor brown's determination to face one of the most serious crises the world has ever faced. thank you, governor brown. [applause] to confront the climate challenge, we must think globally, organize locally, and act personally. and that means understanding how to engage everyone in the solution, at every level of across all ethnic and community lines, including our indigenous people. [applause] gift from godis a and their ancestors who rest place with which
they need to interact if they are to maintain their identity and values. and we must also engage our young people, because the future and this planet's future belong to them. [applause] this is a top issue for millennials in the united states of america. michael bloomberg, our cochair, it is an honor for me to bring forward michael bloomberg. he understands the public andor, the private sector, the nonprofit sector, and how to harness the power of all three to drive progress. forou and special envoy climate action, he has turbocharged the efforts of governments, businesses and civil society to set targets and meet them. as mayor of new york he advanced cutting-edge initiatives that
slashed omissions and set the gold standard for our nation. as a business leader, he appreciates the power of private capital to combat the global climate crisis. as a philanthropist, and his generosity has been a magnet for other philanthropists to inform the public about what the climate crisis means to them in their lives. producer he'snd building public support for action and bringing the crisis to the forefront of our national and global conversation. this is very important because when you say climate, sometimes people think that is something into the future, or very esoteric. but the fact is that the clean air and clean water that our children and grandchildren drink. i want to thank and recognize the leadership of governor jerry california on the
path to a carbon-free economy by 2045. [applause] cochair. glad to our thank you, jerry brown. i want to acknowledge the extraordinary leadership across all sectors in our society, michael bloomberg. thank you, chairman michael bloomberg. [applause] things that the mayor has done, but one of the important things is to connect this issue to people, the connection of this value, this ethic, this imperative in their lives. now we are going to give you a preview of michael's new film called, paris to pittsburgh. let's watch the clip. thank you all, very much. [film clip] trump: the knighted states will withdraw from the paris climate accord.
i was elected to represent the citizens of pittsburgh, not paris. pittsburgh? alliteration was a stereotype of our past. leadburgh is poised to in the 20th century. >> we are still he and, even with the president pulling us out of one of the most important treaties, when every other major company said we are going to come together and commit to dealing with climate change. close thecked at how water is approaching, just off the beach the sea level rises. >> we had six and have feet of water on the main level of the house for over a week. stuff that was in our bedroom wound up in the garage, and stuffed it was in the garage i imagine is way down in louisiana. worstpuerto rico, the
thing is to think that will repeat. survived that fire inventor a county. it burned so hot that everything liquefied. i'm not going to be able to save anything. it's really hard. >> if we are going to avoid reaching catastrophic levels, we need to put our foot on the renewable-energy pedal. the transformation is the greatest economic opportunity of the 20th century. up toinesses have lined say we are still committing to the paris accord because it is good for their bottom line. >> my daughter made a decision that was where she wanted to be. this is an opportunity that has not been available in america for a long, long time. it doesn't matter if you are republican, democrat, independent, you have a role to play here. anif we look at it as
american marshall plan we can achieve the goals of the paris agreement. >> this is the start of us taking control of our future. >> we have the right to a future. we have the right to basic necessities that we need to live. we the people need to take action. our lives are at stake here. ♪ [applause] announcer: please welcome the united nations secretary-general' s special envoy for climate action, the founder of bloomberg philanthropies and the 108th mayor of new york city, michael bloomberg. [applause] mayor bloomberg: thank you. good afternoon, good morning, whatever it is depending on
where you come from. hello. [audience member shouting] nice to see you, thanks for coming. [audience member shouting] >> our planet is not for sale. [audience members chanting was bracket >> our planet is not for sale. the air is not for sale. [audience members chanting] our people and communities are not for sale.
[indiscernible voices] bloomberg: only in america could we have an environmentalist protesting at an environmental conference. [applause] i would like to thank nancy in particular for her leadership and good work on this issue over the years. i hope you all enjoyed the trailer for our film, paris to pittsburgh. will air on the national
geographic channel in december, so mark your calendars. i think it will be just as popular as from the ashes, the movie we made about coal. i want to thank governor brown for bringing us here in a city and state that have been leaders on climate change. governor brown and congresswoman pelosi both deserve a lot of credit for that. [applause] california is a great example of how fighting climate change and growing the economy go hand-in-hand. that is something we also saw in new york. we created a record number of jobs while also reducing our carbon footprint by 19%. i know many of you have had similar experiences and your own cities and countries. we appreciate the distance many of you traveled to be here today. governor brown and i began talking about the summit last year, after the trump administration announced
intention to withdraw from the paris climate agreement. neither of us were happy about that, to say the least. is a global challenge and washington ought to be leading from the front. we also knew many people around the world would conclude, wrongly, that america is not committed towe also climate act. nothing could be further from the truth. that is the message of the film and why we are here today. we want the world to know americans are more determined than ever to make progress on climate, and we are making progress right now, a lot of progress. just as much as progress under this administration as we did under the last. shouting] ember percent, but that's ok. give them a second, let them have their say.
you wouldn't know this from reading the headlines, but we are making progress. we are making progress. the headlines focus on the political fights in washington, but the real action is happening in cities, states and the private sector. and the good news is, those groups are positioning the united states to uphold our end of the paris agreement, no matter what happens in washington. the fact is, in the united states, the decisions that have been the most influential over green house gas decisions are not made by the federal government. these decisions are made by mayors and governors and corporate executives and individuals, for their own homes, who want to deliver cleanr energy, more jobs, air, and help you live your lives. they are met by ceos who want to save money on energy costs and capitalize on new business opportunities generated by
vance's technology. and they are made by citizens who want to breathe fresh air and drink clean water that otherwise would made them's -- would make them sick. because of all these groups, over the last decade the u.s. has cut its carbon emissions more than any other large nation in the world. last year, with no help from u.s.ngton whatsoever, emissions fell to their lowest levels in 25 years. [applause] you were part of the recent that that happened. you made it happened. the story of how and why that reduction is happening is written in communities across america, and it doesn't get bold enough. morethe last six years, than half of all u.s. coal-fired power plants have been closed or made plans to do so. coal-fired power plants out of 530. and i'm happy to say, since the
2016 election, coal-fired power plant closures have continued at the same rate despite the administration's attempt to prop up the industry with subsidies. the reason is simple. washington is not in charge of america's energy production, consumers are. and new technologies delivering exactly what they want, energy that is cheaper and cleaner than coal. [applause] washington can't stop the and it can'tal, keep america from fulfilling the commitment we made in paris. you can applaud again, if you want. i'm happy to get applause. [applause] year, thousands of states, businesses,
universities and others every affirmed support or the paris agreement, and together their work is being supported by america's pledge. states, businesses, universities and others every affirmedamerica's pledge aggregl the climate actions taken by all the groups that have declared support for the paris agreement. to put the size of that group in perspective, it represents more than half the u.s. population. if it were a country it would have the world's third-largest economy, behind only china and the overall united states. in other words, if washington dropped out of the paris agreement, a group of americans committed to it would represent more economic might than any other country still in the agreements, other than china. [applause] was not onlyeement about commitments, it was also about accountability. and through america's pledge, we are upholding that end of the deal as well. by measuring progress the u.s.
is making cutting emissions and reporting that to the united nations, just like every other nation is doing under the commitment. this morning we released our latest report, and announced very encouraging news. the report, which is based on rigorous data collected and shows the united states is nearly halfway to our paris goal of cutting emissions by at least 26% by the year 2025. and it outlines the steps public and private nonprofit organizations can take to reach that goal. everyday we are getting closer. let me give you a few examples. has cut emissions by round 17% through actions like changing thousands of streetlights to led. georgetown, texas is running on nearly 100% clean energy, and dozens of cities are on the way.
is one of many american companies committed to reaching that same goal and we are on track to get there by 2025. we arethe meantime, improving our energy efficiency by about 50%. a collation of western states with republican and democratic governors are working together to build electric-vehicle charging stations. smallogress like this are steps, but small steps that add up to big things are playing out around the country. that doesn't mean what happens in washington isn't important. it is. we need more federal leadership, and that is one reason i have gotten involved in this year's midterm elections. [applause] thank you. i have never been a partisan guide. i have been a democrat, a republican and an independent, so i know something about partisan politics. but republicans in washington have had years to take on the issue and they have stuck their heads in the sand.
that's we direction need new direction in washington so on supporting democrats in their bid to take over the house of representatives. [applause] it will send a message that members of congress better start taking this issue seriously, or the american people will send them packing. [laughter] forreport we are policing -- policing board national climate action driven by the bottom-up. it is a blueprint other countries can use to make their own progress. that is what is starting to happen. the japanese climate initiative is a coalition of is essays, cities, and regional governments working to accelerate process. another coalition was launched in mexico last month. we are hopeful that groups and
more countries will of -- embrace the approach. those nations were just the beginning. they have to keep aiming higher and mechanized how important cities, states, and businesses are. through our foundation, we help them harness the power and drive progress. we have a lot of work to do. every week brings fresh evidence of the emergency of climate change, from rising sea levels to storms and wildfires. year, bloomberg philanthropist challenged the 100 biggest u.s. cities to create proposals to cut emissions from their two biggest sources, transportation and buildings. winnersannounce the starting tomorrow. we are helping states plan to get energy from clean sources and keep working with the campaign to reduce our reliance on coal and power plants.
we can do a lot more faster with support from the federal government. the administration is inflicting harm on america. estimate,to the epa's the new coal pollution rules proposed would lead to 1400 more premature deaths each year. intobt those rules will go effect because cities and states are fighting back, just as they have against washington's attempts to reverse progress. california is leading a group of states existing federal laws and rollbacks of fuel efficiency that neither automakers nor consumers want. other states are sending their own rules to reduce methane are cuttingties carbon emissions through energy efficiency, bringing savings to residents. we are going to keep fighting and winning.
to be non-americans in this room i say, thank you for not giving up on us. we are going to get there. no matter what obstacles washington tries to throw in our way. keep up all the great work you have been doing and i look forward to seeing new efforts and partnerships come out of this forum to keep us on the path to victory in the fight against climate change. we are going to win. thank you. [applause] ♪ >> today we heard about climate impact and we also heard about
the hard-fought progress that is being made with the leadership of everybody here in this room we continue to work to create an era where clean energy is the new normal. an era where millions of people who live and work around the world will do so in a pollution free economy. all of us will benefit collectively by making climate action a priority because when we pursue a clean energy economy we can also provide people with pathways out of poverty and access to a better quality of life. one of the leaders that has helped us in the world to help us understand the connection between poverty and climate change is van jones. let's take a look at some of his work. >> good morning. we need to be focused on building a green economy is strong enough to lift millions of people out of pretty. -- poverty.
>> all across the country power plants are poisoning our communities and they think it is okay. it is not okay. >> poverty and pollution. these issues have traditionally been so big they have to be tackled separately. we now understand these issues are so interconnected that they can't actually be solved unless they are tackled together. >> it's hard to learn if you can't breathe. struggling to pay for medical bills for pollution related disease. >> there's a better technology out there that is not powered by pollution but powered by solution. >> we need to make sure the solutions are aggressive and accelerating to a clean energy future. >> we have a responsibility to the good news about sustainability. >> this powerplant pushes away from coal to benefit the air of the community that we are standing in right now. >> we've seen that solar makes a huge difference. >> affordable housing.
x put our kids on buses going to a clean energy future. let's create jobs for people who create these new smart batteries. >> were investing in new economies for communities that are bent under invested for so long. >> i've been having more asthma attacks. >> it gets very high. i had to keep my ac running and my bill got extremely high. >> we keep struggling. >> we are adjusting poverty and pollution at the same time. >> let's build a sustainable future with good jobs, better health and a good environment. [cheering and applause]
♪ [applause] hello. i am honored to be here. we are going to have an extraordinary panel but please give a round of applause to the young people who make green for all work. all four green. green for all. i love the young folks we work with every day. our challenge is to fight pollution and poverty at the same time. we think that he -- you can create more work and more wealth and better health with a green economy than you ever will with a great pollution based economy and we will hear from some of the best people in the world about how to get that done. i will walk to my chair and i will give a round of applause to mayor sylvester turner from
houston, captain mckenna, the minister of environment and climate in change from canada, alexandra pulse from l'oreal. let's bring them all out and go. [applause] ♪ welcome, welcome, welcome. [applause] >> keep clapping for these amazing folks. [inaudible] >> first, i want to say we don't have a lot of hope often in the world right now with the challenges and you, all of you, and your respective roles are some of the most hope generating leaders that we have. and you are kind of crazy. [laughter] in that you are willing to not only take on the climate crisis but willing to do it in ways that make sense from a
government point of view and we just want to hear from you how you are doing this. i want to start with you. your group is a 20. 7 billion dollar group and that is a lot of money even in this room. [laughter] help me understand why you decided to be so charitable? i'm sure you're losing a lot of money in the clean energy economy. can you talk to us about the money you are losing? [laughter] >> i hope my analysts did not hear you. we are making money. how did this start? it starts with the heart. i'm a newly minted grandfather so i do care about my grandson's future and this might come as shocking news, but business people are human beings, too. we have the same emotions. the interesting thing i found was that as we move from the
heart and then of course governments get in the picture and nudge you to do things then you have your enhancement which is a goal but we found serendipitously that everything we tried to do to help the planet made money for us. it was a one-year payback. we said we should be in solar power because my corporate communications team said take a stand on something and then some maverick engineer in our company goes and creates a solar business and today we are the largest solar developers in india. it'sg money, by the way, is not about giving away money. my message in the last three years has been very simply this. this is not only about saving the planet but the biggest business opportunity of the next decade. if anyone wants to move away from climate change will leave the arena to us and to see business and the good of the planet converge we are very
happy. we get more mileage for ourselves. how do we get this traction and continue to make our businesses look for innovation here? that is where the targets came up. christiana spoke about that. that was in january and i interviewed a caller globally to increase the number of companies that will commit to find space targets. basically are if you set targets which will allow you to align with the paris agreement targets of warming two or 3 degrees centigrade and if you do that you will be making progress together. i issued the call and i'm happy to say that since that time and since january there's been a 39% increase. christiana put up a figure of 476 companies that have already signed up and it's 488 as we speak right now but i'm delighted that i want to -- and i want to congratulate all the companies in the world .
combined $1020 of market cap in these 488 companies committee. -- committing. >> amazing. [applause] i love the fact that you try to do it for charitable reasons i -- and cannot help making money. you wound up making money despite yourself. let's go from corporate to government. the government sector. you are in canada. >> i am. >> well, not right now but you are in canada and you are rolling out a pretty aggressive plan that i think ordinary people can understand. can you talk about what you're trying to get done in canada? >> there's a number of things. if you talk climate change you have to take action across the board and across sectors. one of the things were doing sounds weird but putting a price on pollution. the reason you need to do this is because polluting is not free.
i was in the high arctic in canada a few days ago with our indigenous people and they are seeing huge impacts of climate change including on their food. this is the food they rely on is disappearing. we have huge forest fires across the west of canada and extreme heat where people are dying and as i like to put it, by not taking action on pollution by not putting a cost on it you are passing on the biggest that ever to future generations. i got three kids we can't do that. putting a price on pollution is something that is important in recognizing that there is a cost and when i -- i'm a politician so i had to knock on doors and convince people that what we are doing is making sense. other politicians not endorse and say does noton doors and recognize people need jobs. you can do both. having a cost on pollution is important because it does is businesses innovate and looters pay, of course. businesses will innovate and find clean
solutions and do exactly what was said. they will take advantage of the 23 trillion-dollar opportunity of clean growth and also we will do what we have to do which we need to be serious for climate action and need to leave a more sustainable planet for kids. >> look, i wish more politicians talk like you. [cheering and applause] that is a strong case. this is getting weird because you're talking about making money and talking about innovation and you know, l'oreal you have also found a different way to talk about the entire issue. talk to us about an aspirational company how you are coming at this whole question. >> yes, thank you. good morning so far to everybody. they give for having made. at l'oreal we have achieved a minor 73% carbon reduction.
>> say that again but i don't think people heard. >> since 2005, we have reduced our carbon mission in our operations by 73%. [applause] but our growth and production raised by 33%. i think part of -- we are the living proof that business, growth and sustainability go perfectly hand-in-hand. that is something that we question a lot when we still have to talk about but it seems quite obvious that what is dangerous to the company and business is not sustainability but climate change and the consequences. business inut good the world coming up if we do not work on another model? ist of our success story that we changed the narrative around sustainability.
what is sustainability? we very often talk about catastrophes that climate change is going to bring. the solutions we propose sound very often like punishment. they sound like not doing something, not being able to lead a prosporous life, and no, a sustainable lifestyle. the sustainable world that is going to come up if we do what is necessary to do. that's going to be b a beautiful and inspirational lifestyle. that's the role we want to live. -- the world we want to live in. we have to have a positive narrative, and that's what we are trying to do at l'oreal. when we work with sustainability, it is as glamorous and desirable, and that brought all employees on board. i think this is the way we will mobilize society more.
>> beautiful. let me ask you something. you said back stage something i had never heard anybody sigh -- say before. somebody said a scarcity versus prosperity mindset and you said something about scarcity that i hadn't thought about number in terms of the status quo. >> scarcity for us is going to the world we are heading to if we are not working on planet change. water scarcity for our clients. water scarcity for our cousins -- consumers. we are not going to be able to do business in a society that is going to be completely destroyed. we are going to have conflicts. the question is how can business still question this and how can we have still to talk about that sustainability is good for business? >> give a round of applause. when you think about l'oreal, i think number two in the world performer when it comes to carbon. that is amazing stuff.
we have a song in the united states which of these things is not like the other -- you are the mayor of houston. a city in texas, houston is the energy capital of the world. i think the protesters would try to find you. what is the mayor of houston texas doing at a green conference? green conference? you got hit by -- you got hit by a big storm. how is your city doing and why are you so committed to climate solutions in houston, texas? >> the mayor of houston texas believes that climate change is real. i believe in the science. [applause] that's true. the city of houston is a part of the c-40 cities. i also co-chair along with mayor gusettee. the climate mayors of the united states congress of mayors. we believe in the paris agreement, and as a result over
400 mayors in the united states have signed on. we are going to do everything we can to fulfill the tenements of the paris agreement. if you don't lead ten top, -- at the top, mayors will leave from where we are. and that includes places [applause] that includes places like houston, texas. and the reality is bear in mind, in the last three years, the city of houston has faced three 500 year floods. in the last three years. it is clear. it was a question about whether or not i was going to be able to make it to this conference because there was a system that was forming in the gulf. and it's not about whether it's a hurricane anymore. you can have a major rain event just from a system that starts. harvey was a game changer, and i think we've all learned that sustainability, and resilience go hand in hand. and you can be the energy capital of the world and at the same time, you can recognize
that we need to do a lot to address the climate change, for the future not only of our city but other cities across the globe. it's real, and i'm -- it's the energy capital of the world but the city of houston is the number one municipality in the united states of the utilization of green energy. green power in the united states. 80% of our energy is wind. 10% is solar, on earth today we sent sent it into a purchase agreement we increased our solar consumption from 30 megawatts to we reduced the contracted price, 50. by over 20 careers we will be eight cents. -- years, we will be saving the city of houston $40 million. green power is energy power, and literally, for communities that have been ignored and overlooked for decades in our city we are transforming and revitalizing communities through the u.s. of green energy.
you can be the energy capital and at the same time believe in climate change and make things happen. >> i guess you need a round of applause for that. [applause] in the two minutes we have left, i want to come back to you because that seems like a pretty good sales pitch on green stuff in a red states. but you have to push up against some pretty tough opposition. you're talking about putting a price on pollution, how do you solve this message in canada? >> it always comes back to people. you can't be talking like a economist or someone who is fancy. you have to think about someone who is trying to put food on the table, get their kids to activities and is worried about paying their bills. that's why we talk about why this is good for the middle class. this is good for people that there are going to be economic opportunities. there are great jobs here we have great canadian companies that are selling clean
solutions across the board. it is hard. the one say i would say as a politician. we need support. we need support of business leaders like this. transitions take time. we've been on fossil fuels for a long time. we've all benefited from them, and making our way out of them is hard. a losing proposition is not supporting governments that are trying to do hard things. it is hard. every day i have people who say what we're doing is wrong. that we don't understand that you're going to lose jobs when we have here business leaders who are saying of course this is a huge economic opportunity. these are the jobs of the future. these are the jobs our kids are going to have, or kids have right now, and so we all have to come together, and that's why i work so hard with cities, with provinces, with state that i'm meeting with here. with businesses to bring people together. because what you can see if you divide people you're going to
get nothing done. [applause] >> i love it. i'm going to give my business friend the last word in the 30 seconds that we have. you have gone above and beyond you went and stood up with al gore and put your face in the world and challenged people. why did you do that? what came of that challenge you issued? >> well that challenge is what i spoke of earlier where i issued a challenge to companies around the world to step up their commitment to science-based targets. and aso told you i'm delighted that since then 39% increase in the number of companies committed the rate of people signing up went from 13 a month to 18 a month, and now it's 488. one more commitments i'd like to make because i issued a challenge.
you were kind enough to say we were 20 billion. it is not big in america, but we employ 200,000 people who are listening now and what i'd like to do is use the platform you've given me to announce that as far as the group is concerned, and all 100 companies, i'm committing on behalf of them we will be carbon neutral by 2040, ten years ahead of the paris agreement target. [applause] >> wow. host: well, that's called a mic drop moment. [applause] we can't drop our mic's because they are attached to our bases. but give a round of applause to our incredible panel. thank you for being here. [applause] [applause] ♪
>> well our next speaker is known in nearly every galaxy as an acting legend. but he will be the first to tell you that planet unfortunately is the only home we have. i'm glad to introduce him as a tireless champion for conservation and an outspoken climate change activist. please welcome the vice chair of conservation international, harrison ford. [applause] ♪
thank you. >> thank you very much. thank you for being here. you're here, i'm here, because we care. not just for today, but we care passionately for the future. we know that we only have the possibility of avoiding a looming climate catastrophe if people like us refuse to give up. conservation international has been working for 30 years to protect nature for people. i have been on the board for over 20 years. we've done some good work in that time. working with others many of whom are in this room today. we've accomplished a lot. but all of that is at risk if we
don't change the path that we're on today. the future of humanity is at stake. while you work to meet the challenge of climate change, i beg of you, don't forget nature. because today [applause] today, the destruction of nature accounts for more global emissions than all the cars and trucks in the world. we can put solar panels on every house. car into anevery electric vehicle. as long as sinatra burns, we will have failed. so long as the amazon, great
forests are slashed and burned. so long as the protected lands of tribal people indigenous people are allowed to be encroached upon, so long as wetlands and bog peats are destroyed, our climate goals will remain out of reach, and we will be out of time. if we don't stop the destruction of our natural world, nothing else will matter. why? because protecting and restoring forests mangroves, wetlands, these huge, dense carbon sinks, represent at least 30% of what needs to be done to avoid catastrophic warming. it is at this time the only feasible solution for absorbing carbon on a global scale. simply put, if we don't protect
nature, we can't protect ourselves. [applause] this is what we need to do. we need to include nature in every corporate, state, and national climate goal. put in place the plans, the time tables, to meet those goals. invest in mangroves and tropical forests in the same way invested in renewable energy. work to end the destruction of these ecosystems. commit to the effort in the next decade to secure them for the future. pursue research in reforestation like we pursue resource in carbon capture and storage. [applause]
set a goal to cut costs and increase sales dramatically. empower indigenous communities to use their knowledge, their history, their imaginations. [applause] our science to save their heritage and their lands. respect and ensure their rights. [applause] educate and elect leaders who believe in science and understand the importance of stop, for gods's sake, the denigration of science. stop giving power to people who don't believe in science, or worse than that, pretend they do not leave and science for their
own self interest. [cheers and applause] they know who they are. we know who they are. we all, rich or poor, powerful, or power less, we will all suffer the effects of climate change and ecosystem destruction, and we are facing what is quickly becoming the greatest moral crisis of our time that those least responsible will bear the greatest cost. don't ever get who we are fighting for. it's for the fishermen in columbia, the fishermen in somalia, who wonders why the government cannot protect them from factory fishing across the world. it's the mother in the philippines who is worried the storm will rip her
infant out of her arms. it's the people out here in california, people on the east coast, people in california unprecedented fires. people on the east coast are facing the worst storms in recorded history. it's a own country, our own community, our own family. this is the core truth. if we are to survive on this planet, the only one any of us for our climate, for our security, for our future , we need nature, now more than because nature doesn't need people. people need nature.
let's turn off our phones and let's kick this monster's ass. applause]d ♪ pres. obama: hi, everybody. i wish i could be with you. i would like to take a moment to thank all of you for you are doing to lead us forward on climate. see aear that goes by, we more intense preview of our future and this summer was no different. it makes me think of something governor jay inslee once said. toare the first generation
build the impact of climate change in the last generation that can do something about it. that is why i made climate change priority when i was present in more than doubled reduction on clean energy like wind and solar. we were the distinction to set standards on the amount of pollution's that are dumped into the air that our kids breathe. energy and atlean the same time, we led around the world, working with china and india and dozens of other countries to set ambitious climate targets. agreement. the paris obviously, the united states is now the only country on earth that does not belong to the paris agreement we helped forge, and that is a tough position to defend. but here's the thing.
the paris agreement was never going to solve the climate crisis on its own. goals and can set priorities, but it is up to everyone else to do the work required to meet them. that is what your leadership is so important, the 17 governors and 400 mayors who have committed to upholding the paris agreement, the trail blazers, the engineers, marine biologist fighting climate change around the world. every single passionate idealistic young person marching demandingzing and action because they know that there is such a thing as being too late. you are about to meet some of these young people right now and it should inspire you and spur you to action. thank you so much, everybody. take it away.
village livedthe up the stream. some 14 years later, my grandmother tells me that this stream that was once our in theod is now dry sunny seasons and a flood in the wet seasons. climate change is not a far-fetched concept for my people. it is an absurd reality. we truly believe ourselves to be the protectors, the custodians of the earth. it is this burden i share with you today, not for the restoration of that stream, but for the lifeblood of future generations of the world. we are confronting problems from different angles and resolving
new problems with different issues. i grew up -- >> i grew up in ghana. years ago i came up with a new initiative. , we are producing hundreds of bicycles every month. we are also cultivating bamboo and creating economic empowerment. as you can see, bamboo -- them blue farming also promotes recycling that reduces carbon emissions from the atmosphere. , we can findobe together, we and
are making progress. >> but we are running out of time. i come from bangladesh. the river is powerful. it provides much, but it can take it away in an instant, like it did last year. as i looked down at the river crisscrossing the ec mayor -- the sierra nevada mountains, the remit channels. the landscape was harsh and barren, sickened by drought. the current political times feel like that. we are surrounded by unforgiving
mountains, but the river, it persists. it flows from a single-minded determination to reach its mission. it finds other ways. it cuts through mountains even when it is sometimes only inches away. we must be like the river. cut through the mountains and the obstacles we face. there are many. we know that. we have heard that for the last two and a half years. we need to reach that with single-minded determination. let's tv river. let's bend the curves in the next 24 months. thank you. -- let's be the river. at [applause] ♪ >> democrats will meet on wednesday for closed-door vote
on the leader of the house and other positions. nancy pelosi is expected to win speaker. she was asked if she had enough votes to become the next speaker of the house. what are you telling freshmen members about the strategy who said they wanted leadership change? what can you offer them to do on the floor? pelosi: i always have. i was largely responsible for the resources that went into those campaigns. that the not matter to me. win,d, just win and just baby. >> several of said that they will not -- : have you seen the
letters? >> i have not. pelosi: ok, next question. else in your caucus capable of taking on speaker? [indiscernible] -- if the election were held today in the house floor, do you have the votes to be elected speaker? representative pelosi: yes. this is what we have. we have a farm bill to deal with. pass an omnibus bill so we do not have questions about shutting them the government. there are issues with veterans affairs and lawsuits there. we are still at our day job here that is different from what is
happening on the political side. we are very excited about the size of arctic three. it does not matter whether they support me. what matters is whether they supported a democratic agenda and they all spoke out --utifully for the people health care, health care, health care, like a jack hammer. that is what is most important to read what was yours? the speakership -- i intend to win the speakership with democratic votes. that was your question. i have overwhelming support in my caucus, and certainly we have many, many people in our caucus who could serve in this capacity. i happen to think at this point i am the best person for that.
>> democrats will meet on .ednesday for a closed door for nancy is expected to win the vote. c-span will have live coverage. if victorious, congresswoman pelosi and her allies have more than a month to persuade democratic opponents to support her. the house will have a rollcall vote for the next speaker chain breaker. you can watch gavel to gavel coverage on c-span. >> c-span, where history unfolds daily. created as aan was public service by america's cable television companies and today we continue to bring you unfiltered coverage of the white house, the supreme court, and public events. c-span is brought to you by your cable and satellite provider.
>> the national archives presented former first lady its award.with she said some of the conversation with cokie roberts. this is 30 minutes. >> we give this award each year. we try to make the award something special and significant to the honoree. we understand that laura ingalls wilder is one of our honoring's favorite authors. laura bush wrote, "in the hot, arid lands of west texas, i tried to imagine being surrounded by tall pine trees and heavy snow. of course, i identified with the main character, a girl named laura." the 2018 records of achievement award features a handwritten insert by laura ingalls wilder to a typescript draft of her fifth "little house" novel. this insert was added to an early draft attempting to expl