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tv   USS Missouri  CSPAN  May 25, 2020 8:50pm-9:07pm EDT

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republican states, georgia, mississippi, alabama, luigi -- louisiana, pretty back open again. restaurants allowing died in service. boardwalks open. beaches are symbolic and how opening -- the politics that are playing out. ift: the article in forbes you want to know what you need to know when it comes to beach reopening. we app ♪ >> c-span's washington journal, live every day with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up tuesday morning, the american conservative kelly valeo discusses the use of technology in tracing those with the coronavirus. professor at george washington university's school of public policy and public administration
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on the role of inspectors general. c-span's washington journal, live at 7:00 eastern tuesday morning. join the discussion. ♪ ♪ the battleship missouri -- 50 -- 53,000 tons flagship, marking the complete and formal surrender of japan. in the bay of tokyo, the united states destroyer comes alongside, bringing representatives of the allied powers. general of the army douglas macarthur, supreme commander for the occupation of japan, an admiral escorts general macarthur to the deck, where the ceremonies to take place.
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it is sunday, september 2, 1945. ♪ >> we are on the 01 level of the battleship missouri, also known as the veranda deck. thanks to the events of september 2, 1945, we call this the surrender deck. the japanese signed the unconditional surrender ending world war ii. the plaque just behind me is where the table sat that day. the ship looks different. a nice shady canopy overhead was not installed. the turret behind me was rotated 30 degrees to starboard to make room for the officials that would be on board. you would have seen thousands of the members of the misery troop hanging on anything they could, trying to get a glimpse of what was to occur.
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at 9:00 in the morning, the japanese delegation were making their way on board. there were 11 of them that made their way up the ladder behind me. on the deck at 9:02 in the morning, general douglas macarthur and the admirals decided to start the ceremony. the first person to sign the surrender document would have been mr. shigemuitsu. signing on behalf of the delegation. the third person would be general douglas macarthur himself. he did not represent the united states. that would be the fourth person to sign. admiral mnimitz. the rest of the allies signed in order. there are two copies of the surrender documents. there are two copies because one was to be kept by the united states and one by japan. so, we do not display the originals, for obvious reasons.
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we have replicas on board. the originals are in the national archives in washington, d.c. and a war museum in tokyo. we also have a replica of one of macarthur's pens. he used six to sign the document, which sounds a bit strange. he did this for a very simple reason that we still do today if you look at lawmakers with important laws. he wanted to give these pens away as souvenirs. following the last signature, he stepped up to a microphone and said simply, these proceedings are closed. he gave a signal and a thousand allied aircraft flew in formation. from the beginning at the ceremony to the end, 23 minutes. that's all it took to end the bloodiest conflict in human history. ♪
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now we are back on the uss missouri. we have come to recognize this part of the ship for an event that happened in world war ii. it is a touching event and it tells you a lot about the ship and its crew, particularly its commanding officer. at the battle of okinawa, the last great naval battle of the war, the missouri was under, , causing attack. it's a word that now means a lot in the united states and other allied countries. it has a lot of feelings attached to it because of world war ii, but the word is far older. it dates back to the 13th century when japan thought itself under threat of an -- of invasion. that fleet was wiped out by a typhoon, which was seen as a divine intervention, kamikaze means divine wind. that's what the japanese called upon in the last of the war, to save the country one more time. this is what the misery found
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itself facing. that day, the pilot was spotted 7000 yards off the starboard side where we are standing. he came in low. the missouri's guns fired on the m, hitting him a few times but but he came in and at 14:42, he slammed into the side. that day, the left wing of his plane, the fuselage and the bombs he was carrying fell into the ocean. they did not cause any harm to the missouri or the crew. the bomb did not detonate. the right wing flew onto the misery. it's spilled aviation fuel as far forward as the surrender deck and caught fire. ships thought-- she was sinking but her crew was so good in a response that they put the fire out in minutes. they found no one from the crew had been killed in there on the a few injuries. as they began to clean up the
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wreckage, they found the body of the pilot. the ships first commanding officer after finding that the pilot's body had landed on board made the order to take the pilot body below decks to prepare it for a full military funeral. you can imagine members of the crew were not happy, but they respected their commanding officer and followed through. that night, several members of the crew stayed up and hand sewed a japanese rising sun insignia because you must be buried below the fight of your country in a military funeral. the next morning, there was a funeral held for the pilot. six men stood holding the body of the pilot. the captain said, a dead enemy is no longer your enemy. at 9:00 in the morning, the chaplin said simply, commit his body to the deep. not many people have heard this
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story even though we like to tell it here and the reason is it got no press coverage. no one talked about it because april 12, 1945, the day of the funeral was the day president roosevelt died. harry s. truman was sworn in as president. now we are inside the cabin on the missouri, a very large space, well decorated and it is for the captain of the missouri when the ship is in port or when he is visiting dignitaries and needs to act as a diplomat. the uss missouri memorial association has a large collection, a large part has been donated by former crewmembers. the collection spans from the turn of the century with the original battleship missouri to modern-day with the current uss missouri simmering. -- submarine. we have pulled out some artifacts for display.
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the two you see here are very important pieces of the ship's history. fragments of the kamikaze plane that hit the missouri in 1945. the piece on the left still has factory paint on it, the piece on the right was painted. you have two very different pieces of the plane here and they have very different lives, but they both ended up here on the missouri. the next few things we have on the next few things we have on display are from the kamikaze attack in the 1940's. these two artifacts are pieces from something larger and they were both recovered by two members of each division, which is the medical division on board the missouri. when the captain gave the order after the kamikaze attack to take the pilot down below, they brought the body down and prepared it for a funeral.
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at some point, in the process, the commanding officer came upon two fragments of the scarf that pilot was wearing and we have them here. one is quite small and this one from the medical officer is quite large. now, they both bear the same pattern. it is a very faint floral pattern in addition to the oil and things you can see. there are two of our most fragile artifacts, and in the coming year, as we redo our display for the 75th anniversary of the attack, one of these fragments will go on display to the general public. for now, they are so fragile but keep them in a climate controlled area. one of the most important set of artifacts we have on the ship are known as surrender cards. they are given to crew of the
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missouri who were on board for the surrender ceremony as a way to verify and for them to prove that they were on board. each one is signed if you look closely, it is signed here by the fleet admiral and you also get the captain, commanding officer. you also get douglas macarthur's signature. then it bears the name of each individual crew member. we have only a handful of them. they are incredibly rare and incredibly important to telling the story of the surrender aboard the missouri. the next two documents we have actually show the timing for september 2, 19:45. they record each person coming on board to when the ceremony ends at 9:25 and when each
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person leaves as well. you notice the ceremony ends at 9:25 and the officials have left by 9:29. we have seen how detailed a battleship schedule and plan can be. one thing we have are the plans of the day. they detail everything that will happen down to exact times. we have one from august 30, 1945 that bears a line written by the ships second in command that is incredibly telling and bears the weight of what was about to happen in a few days time on board. it says we have the energy, ability and strength to prepare for and put on a glorious show for the grand finale. if each of us does all he can in this last push, then as i said long ago before the commissioning, when our grandchildren gather around and say what did you do during the great war, we will all answer
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simply, i was on the missouri. the uss missouri is bowed by the uss arizona. in world war ii, the start for the americans was the attack on pro-harbor. peraarl harbor. for the americans and the rest of the world, the final end of world war ii was the surrender ceremony september 2 aboard the missouri. by having the missouri here in pearl harbor, we have the book ends for the united states. the beginning on the arizona and the end on the missouri. the uss missouri's 16 inch guns pointed symbolically over that ship. she is able to stand watch over those sailors forever entombed in the arizona's hall. -- hull. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2020] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] ♪ washington journal live every
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day with policy issues that impact you. coming up tuesday. the american conservative discusses the use of technology in tracing those with coronavirus. and catherine knew,, at george washington university, on the role of inspectors general. watch c-span's washington journal live at 7:00 tuesday morning. join the discussion. ♪ liftoff. semper fi. [cheering] >> watch live coverage of the launch of space-x's commercial crude test flight marking the first lots of asteroids -- astronauts on american sources since 2011. tuesday at 10 a.m. on c-span. the countdown clock briefing
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with the nasa administrator. wednesday live coverage of the space-x crew dragon launche begins at 12: 15 on c-span2 with liftoff at 4:30. as astronauts launch to the international space station. then a post-launch briefing with 's administrator. and thursday at 11:00 15. 15 all day live coverage as it docs with the space station. in the event between the dragon and the iss crew. watch live on c-span and c-span or listent c-span.prg on the free c-span radio app. a group of conservatives and former republicans held a forum on putting country over party. late last year they formed a political action committee called the lincoln project aimed
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at stopping the reelection of president trump. the discussion march the 160 anniversary of lincoln's right makes might speech. at cooper union hall in new york city. good evening, everyone. it is my pleasure to welcome you tonight to our his store great home. as we commemorate a profound and lasting expression of political condition that took place in 160 years agoctly today. [applause] as you saw in the video, the great hall occupies an important place in the fabric of our city. sitting here tonight, you are not only occupying a seat where on this day in

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