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tv   President Biden Speaks at United Nations General Assembly  CSPAN  September 24, 2022 10:39pm-11:11pm EDT

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as a public service along with these other providers, giving you a front row seat to democracy. >> president biden called on the united nations to hold russia accountable for alleged war crimes in ukraine while speaking at the u.n. general assembly in new york city. his remarks came after russian president vladimir putin ordered a partial mobilization of additional russian forces and made plans against those who would challenge russia's territorial integrity. >> on behalf of the assembly, i have the honor to welcome joseph r biden junior, president of the united states of america. pres. biden: thank you. mr. president, mr. secretary-general, my fellow leaders, in the last year, our world has experienced great upheaval -- a growing crisis in
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food insecurity, record heat, floods, and droughts, covid-19; , inflation, and a brutal, needless war a war chosen by one man, to be very blunt. let us speak plainly. a permanent member of the united nations security council invaded its neighbor, attempted to erase a sovereign state from the map. russia has shamelessly violated the core tenets of the united nations charter. none more important than the clear prohibition against countries taking the territory of their neighbor by force. again, just today, president putin has made overt nuclear threats against europe and a reckless disregard for the responsibilities of the nonproliferation regime.
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now russia is calling up more soldiers to join the fight. and the kremlin is organizing a sham referendum to try to annex parts of ukraine, an extremely significant violation of the u.n. charter. the world should see these outrageous acts as what they are. putin claims he had to act because russia was threatened, but no one threatened russia, and no one other than russia sought conflict. in fact, we warned it was coming. and with many of you, we worked to try to avert it. putin's own words make his true purpose unmistakable. just before he invaded, putin asserted, and i quote, ukraine was "created by russia" and
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never had, quote, "real statehood." and now we see attacks on schools, railway stations, hospitals, on centers of ukrainian history and culture. in the past, even more horrifying evidence of russia's atrocity and war crimes. mass graves uncovered in izyum, bodies, according to those that excavated those bodies, showing signs of torture. this war is about extinguishing ukraine's right to exist as a state, plain and simple, and ukraine's right to exist as a people. whoever you are, wherever you live, whatever you believe, that should not -- that should make your blood run cold. that's why 141 nations in the general assembly came together
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to unequivocally condemn russia's war against ukraine. the united states has marshaled massive levels of security assistance and humanitarian aid and direct economic support for ukraine, more than $25 billion to date. our allies and partners around the world have stepped up as well. and today, more than 40 countries represented in here have contributed billions of their own money and equipment to help ukraine defend itself. the united states is also working closely with our allies and partners to impose costs on russia, to deter attacks against nato territory, to hold russia accountable for the atrocities and war crimes. because if nations can pursue their imperial ambitions without consequences, then we put at risk everything this very institution stands for. everything. every victory won on the
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battlefield belongs to the courageous ukrainian soldiers. but this past year, the world was tested as well, and we did not hesitate. we chose liberty. we chose sovereignty. we chose principles to which every party to the united nations charter is beholding. we stood with ukraine. like you, the united states wants this war to end on just terms, on terms we all signed up for -- that you cannot seize a nation's territory by force. the only country standing in the way of that is russia. so we, each of us in this body, determined to uphold the principles and beliefs we pledge to defend as members of the united nations must be clear,
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firm, and unwavering in our resolve. ukraine has the same rights that belong to every sovereign nation. we will stand in solidarity with ukraine. we will stand in solidarity against russia's aggression, period. there is no secret in the contest between democracy and autocracy, the united states and i as president champion a vision for our world that is grounded in the values of democracy. the united states is determined to defend and strengthen democracy at home and around the world. because i believe democracy remains humanity's greatest instrument to address the challenges of our time. we're working with the g7 and likeminded countries to prove democracies can deliver for their citizens but also deliver for the rest of the world as well. but as we meet today, the u.n. charter, the u.n. charter's very
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basis of a stable and just rule-based order is under attack by those who wish to tear it down or distort it for their own political advantage. and the united nations charter was not only signed by democracies of the world, it was negotiated among citizens of dozens of nations with vastly different histories and ideologies, united in their commitment to work for peace. as president truman said in 1945, the u.n. charter, and i quote, is "proof that nations, like men, can state their differences, can face them, and then can find common ground on which to stand." end of quote. that common ground was so straightforward, so basic, that today 193 of you, 193 member
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states, have willingly embraced its principles. and standing up for those principles for the u.n. charter is the job of every responsible member state. i reject the use of violence and war to conquer nations or expand borders through bloodshed. two stand against global politics of fear and coercion. to defend the sovereign rights of smaller nations as equal to those of larger to embrace basic ones. principles like freedom of navigation, respect for international law, and arms control. no matter what else we may disagree on, that is the common ground upon which we must stand. if you are still committed to a strong foundation for the good of every nation around the world, then the united states wants to work with you. i also believe the time has come for this institution to become more inclusive so that it can better respond to the needs of today's world.
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members of the u.n. security council, including the united states, should consistently uphold and defend the u.n. charter and refrain refrain from the use of the veto, except in rare, extraordinary situations, to ensure that the council remains credible and effective. that is also why the united states supports increasing the number of both permanent and non-permanent representatives of the council. this includes permanent seats for those nations we've long supported and permanent seats for countries in africa, latin america, and the caribbean. the united states is committed to this vital work. in every region we have pursued new constructive ways to work with partners to advance shared interests, from elevating the quad in the indo-pacific, to signing the los angeles declaration of migration and protection at the summit of the
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americas, to joining a historic meeting of nine arab leaders to work toward a more peaceful, integrated middle east, to hosting the u.s. africa leader'' summit in this december. as i said last year, the united states is opening an era of relentless diplomacy to address the challenges that matter most to people's lives -- all people's lives. tackling climate crisis, as a previous speaker spoke to, strengthening global health security, feeding the world. feeding the world. we made that priority and one year later, we're keeping that promise. from the day i came to office, we've led with a bold climate agenda. we have rejoined the paris agreement, convened major climate summits, helped deliver critical agreements on cop26. and we helped get two thirds of the world gdp on track to limit warming to 1.5 degrees celsius. now i have signed a historic piece of legislation here in the
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united states that includes the biggest, most important climate commitment we have ever made in the history of our country -- $369 billion toward climate change. that includes tens of billions of new investments in offshore wind and solar, doubling down on zero emission vehicles, increasing energy efficiency, supporting clean manufacturing. the department of energy estimates that this new law will reduce u.s. emissions by one gigaton a year by 2030 while unleashing a new era of clean-energy-powered economic growth. our investments will also help reduce the cost of developing clean energy technologies worldwide, not just the united states. this is a global gamechanger, and none too soon. we don't have much time. we all know we're already living in a climate crisis. no one seems to doubt it after this past year.
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we meet -- we meet -- much of pakistan is still underwater. it needs help. meanwhile, the horn of africa faces unprecedented drought. families are facing impossible choices, choosing which child to feed and wondering whether they'll survive. this is the human cost of climate change. and it's growing, not lessening. so, as i announced last year, to meet our global responsibility, my administration is working with our congress to deliver more than $11 billion a year to international climate finance to help lower income countries implement climate goals and ensure a just energy transition. the key part of that will be our
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. -- will be our pepfar plan, which will help half a billion people, and especially vulnerable countries, adapt to the impacts of climate change and build resilience. this need is enormous. so let this be the moment we find within ourselves the will to turn back the tide of climate devastation and unlock a resilient, sustainable, clean energy economy to preserve our planet. on global health, we have delivered more than 620 million doses of covid-19 vaccine to 116 countries around the world, with more available to help meet countries' needs, all of charge, three no strings attached. and we're working closely with the g20 and other countries and the united states to help lead the change to establish a groundbreaking new fund for pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response at the world bank. at the same time, we have
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continued to advance the ball on and during global health challenges. later today i will host the seventh replenishment conference for the global fund to fight aids, tuberculosis, and malaria. with bipartisan support in our congress, i have pledged to contribute up to $6 billion to that effort. so i look forward to welcoming a historic round of pledges at the conference, which is -- the conference, resulting in one of the largest global health fundraisers ever held in all of history. we're also taking on the food crisis head on. with as many as 193 million people around the world experiencing acute acute food insecurity, a jump of 40 million in a year. today i'm announcing another $2.9 billion in u.s. support for lifesaving humanitarian and food security assistance for this year alone.
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russia, in the meantime, is pumping out lies, trying to pin the blame for the crisis -- crisis, the food crisis, on the sanctions imposed by many in the world for the aggression against ukraine. so let me be perfectly clear about something -- our sanctions explicitly allow russian of the ability to export food and fertilizer. no limitation. it's russia's war that is worsening food insecurity, and only russia can end it. i'm grateful for the work here at the u.n., including your leadership, mr. secretary-general, establishing a mechanism to support grain from black sea ports in ukraine that russia had blocked for months, and we need to make sure it's extended. we believe strongly in the need
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to feed the world. that's why the united states is the world's largest supporter of the world food programme, with more than 40% of its budget. we are leading support of the unicef efforts to feed children around the world. and to take on the larger challenge of food insecurity, the united states introduced a call to action, a roadmap eliminating global food insecurity -- to eliminating global food insecurity that more than 100 nation member states have already supported. in june, the g7 announced more than $4.5 billion to strengthen food insecurity around the world through usaid's feed the -- food insecurity around the world. through usaid's feed the future initiative, the united states is scaling up innovative ways to get drought- and heat-resistant seeds into the hands of farmers who need them, while distributing fertilizer and improving fertilizer efficiency so that farmers can grow more while using less.
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and we're calling on all countries to refrain from banning food exports or hoarding grain while so many people are suffering. because in every country in the world no matter what else divides us, if parents cannot feed their children, nothing else matters if parents cannot feed their children. as we look to the future, we are working with our partners to update and create rules of the road for new challenges we face in the 21st century. we launched the trade and technology council with the european union to ensure that key technologies are developed and governed in the way that benefits everyone. with our partner countries and through the u.n., we are supporting and strengthening the norms and responsibility, responsible state behavior in
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cyberspace, and working to hold accountable those who use cyberattacks to threaten international peace and security. with partners in the americas, africa, europe, and the middle east, and the indo-pacific, we're working to build a new economic ecosystem where every nation gets a fair shot and economic growth is resilient, sustainable, and shared. that's why the united states has championed a global minimum tax. and we will work to see it implemented so major corporations pay their fair share everywhere. everywhere. it's also been the idea behind the indo-pacific economic framework, which the united states launched this year with 13 other indo-pacific economies. we're working with our partners in asean and the pacific islands to support a vision for a critical indo-pacific region that is free and open, connected and prosperous, secure and resilient. together with partners around the world, we're working to ser-
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-- to secure resilient supply chains that protect everyone from coercion or domination and ensure that no country can use energy as a weapon. and as russia's war riles the global economy, we're also calling on major global creditors, including the non-paris club countries, to transparently negotiate debt forgiveness for lower-income countries, to forestall broader economic and political crises around the world. instead of infrastructure projects that generate huge and large debt without delivering on the promised advantages, let's meet the enormous infrastructure needs around the world with transparent investments , high standard projects that protect the rights of workers and the environment, keyed to the needs of the communities they serve, not to the contributor. that's why the united states, together with fellow g7 partners, launched a partnership for global infrastructure and
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investment. we intend to collectively mobilize $600 billion in investment through this partnership by 2027. dozens of projects are already underway -- industrial-scale vaccine manufacturing in senegal, transformative solar projects in angola, first-of-its-kind small modular nuclear power plant in romania. these are investments that are going to deliver returns not just for those countries, but for everyone. the united states will work with every nation, including our competitors, to solve global problems like climate change. climate diplomacy is not a favor to the united states or any other nation, and walking away hurts the entire world.
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critical to that is living up to the highest goals of this institution. the peace process to end the fight and ethiopia, restore -- for all those people. more than six million people have been driven from that country. returning to free and fair elections. political gang violence.
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we call on the world to do the same. we have more to do. we continue to back truths in yemen, months of peace for people who have suffered years of war. we continue to advocate for lasting peace between israel and the palestinian people. we negotiated a two state solution is the best way to ensure israel's prosperity and give the palestinians the state to which they are entitled. fully respect equal rights of the citizens. some i also urge nuclear
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nonprofit regime to through diplomacy. the matter what else is happening in the world, the united states is ready to pursue critical measures. a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be far. five members of the security council in january. today. we are seeing disturbing trends. the nonproliferation ideals at the review conference. today, they are making nuclear threats with nuclear weapons. despite our efforts for serious and sustained diplomacy,
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democratic people's ability to create violates sanctions. while the united states is prepared for a mutual return to plan of action the united states is clear, we will not allow ukraine -- we believe diplomacy is the best for this outcome. one of the greatest successes of this institution, we cannot let the world slide backwards. perhaps, singular stands the universal declaration of human rights by which our forebears challenge us to measure ourselves. they made it clear in 1948 that
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human rights are the basis for all we seek to achieve. fundamental freedoms are a risk in every part of our world. detailed reports by the u.s. commissioner to horrible abuses and the increased oppression of women and girls in afghanistan. today, we stand with the brave women of iran who are demonstrating to secure their basic rights. the future will be one where
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women and girls can exercise equal rights and committing to building stronger economies and a more resilient society. living their lives without harassment in lbgtq plus communities. where citizens can question and criticize their leaders without fear. united states will always promote human rights in our own countries and around the world. this institution guided by the charter and declaration of human rights is at its core, adult lose hope. an act of dauntless hope.
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thinking about the vision of those delegates on the seemingly impossible task while the world is still smoldering. think about how divided people of the world must have felt. they reached for what was best in all of us and strove to build something better. equal rights for every member of the human family, cooperation for the advancement of all humankind, the challenges we face today when our capacity is greater and commitment is greater still.
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let's stand together for the unmistakable resolve were nations of the world are united and we stand for the value of the human charter for a more just world. we are not passive witnesses to history, we are the authors of history. we can do this, we have to do this. for ourselves, and for our future of humankind. thank you for listening to me. i appreciate it very much. god bless you all. [applause] >> i wish to thank the president of the united states of america for the statements just made.
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>> -- broadband supports c-span, supports c-span, along with these other television providers, giving you a front row seat to democracy. >> ukrainian president calls on the united nations to create a special tribunal for russia's aggression against ukraine. the leaders prerecorded remarks were shown to world leaders at the united nations general assembly in new york. >> greetings to all people of the world who value peace of different and equal nations. i wish you all peace.


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