Depending on your perspective, the primary challenge to gender inclusion is either culture, structure or leadership. The good news is that they are all outcomes, not causes. Indeed, they are constantly evolving as governments and organizations attempt to align them with their interests. The Daniel K. Inouye Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS) in Hawaii is a strategic and forward-leaning Department of Defense institution that provides executive education to security professionals from all over the Asia Pacific region. APCSS has systematically pursued culture change by embedding gender inclusion mechanisms that model the change and actions that modify institutional structures. Real culture change is occurring by driving an approach that embraces gender inclusion rather than simply requiring it to comply with existing culture.