Consistent with a national interest in the status of doctoral employees in Federal research and development activities, this study was undertaken to compile information on recent losses of employees with doctorates from the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. During the period of study, January 1980 through June 1987, the acquisition of doctorates outpaced the loss by 2 to 1. Those who left did so primarily for a higher salary. The private sector attracted 41 percent, universities 22 percent, and other Federal agencies 16 percent. The data indicate that doctoral employees within their first 4 to 5 years of employment at WES are the ones most prone to leaving. Although the loss of doctoral employees has not been excessive, the report offers some considerations on ways that may be effective in their retention. Keywords: Doctoral engineers, Doctoral scientists, Employment trends, Federal laboratory.