Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBlS) and Joint Publications Research Service (JPRS) publications contain political, military, economic, environmental, and sociological news, commentary, and other information, as well as scientific and technical data and reports. All information has been obtained from foreign radio and television broadcasts, news agency transmissions, newspapers, books, and periodicals. Items generally are processed from the first or best available sources. It should not be inferred that they have been disseminated only in the medium, in the language, or to the area indicated. Items from foreign language sources are translated; those from English-language sources are tran- scribed. Except for excluding certain diacritics, FBIS renders personal names and ptace-names in accordance with the romanization systems approved for U.S. Government publications by the U.S. Board of Geographic Names. This document concerns issues in China such as economics, political science, foreign affairs, commerce, and regional issues.