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tv   Doc Film - Kenyas Forgotten Children  Deutsche Welle  October 5, 2017 11:15am-12:00pm CEST

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the soccer world cup syria and australia clash in the first leg of their asian play off later today syria are the home team but the match is being played in malaysia due to the civil war raging in the middle eastern nation syria are looking to qualify for the world cup for the very first time the second leg is in sydney on tuesday. you're watching d.w. news coming to you live from berlin we have more coming up for you at the top of the next hour sumi will be joining you then you'll find our stories online. thanks to. the lists are on the rise with morning light to make your country great again that is their slogan their focus put your nation first i am taking you straight to highlights different shades of nationalism and to find out what this nation me to you. to share your story and join the conversation here on to tell me you on twitter on facebook.
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i want to tell you that i have remained on the minds to come to my sentence in prison and i will be free. to mom i love you so much i already made for you remember that too on my mind not in every email. icon on there you might. be bishop and it's in humble until that day
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i will be. my you i have it off my from nancy. nancy evelyn and see the longing. we waited for this day for four years. their mother is being released from prison florence was sentenced to six years in jail for a minor offense that's not uncommon in kenya it's a country where people have no legal security and the state acts in arbitrary ways . it's frequently children like nancy evelyn and cilla who are the victims of this arbitrary state action. in this case it was really heartbreaking
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because their mother was arrested and when she was arrested she was in the house the children we are in school and when they came they didn't find the mother. the mother disappeared and nobody knew where she was the traumatic experience particularly for nancy the eldest. kenya the one time african model country isn't able to look after its children it leaves this job to international aid organizations billions of dollars in aid are invested in the country. but how can these funds improve the conditions in the country long term if the people are too poor to help themselves and others. know what you find. to take up the children. they're in and who have been convicted so they're not we didn't pick up that but
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they're supporting the kid and i think the funny thing not all of them but for most of them because it would mean you have to take care of the upkeep of the children to school fees and indigent the general being of these kids. florence's relatives also left the children to their fates it was unbearable for their mother who was pregnant at the time. but none of that matters anymore at last she's allowed home with her daughter who was born in prison. on the day of her release the prison officer in inmates one florence to address to . a round of applause to encourage her thank. you i don't have much to say except that i'm well i want to ask you to continue to pray for me i'm going out to start a new life and i need your prayers. to. thank
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. nancy evelyn and celia wait patiently until they can at last embrace their mother and their little sister all three of them have mixed feelings because the reunion goes hand in hand with their departure from the nest which took them in when nobody else was there from. the nest is a unique emergency charity for children whose mothers are sent to jail it's funded by foreign donations the baby ward takes in children whose mothers neglected and abused the many young women in kenya are overwhelmed by the daily struggle for survival. the older children live in the nest home in limbo too while their mothers are in prison c.l.r. nancy and evelyn have had hot meals here every day. they've gone to school and felt
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love and affection a stroke of good fortune for the children because the state doesn't take care of them. obama or the half sister of the former u.s. president returned to kenya after studying sociology in germany as an expert in development aid she has set up her own foundation south. to find solutions to achieve lasting change in the country she knows the limitations of the system. your idea you would be nice if the government does nothing or almost nothing that's because of mismanagement of the system structure is poorly managed if you say ok let's help these children and this orphanage then you have to realize there's not just the ones there are hundreds in the country hundreds in nairobi alone and if the government had to contribute to every one of these children it would be on its
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nice kid of a year to kill buster to give mr wood is the african union five. welfare state is not part of the kenyan vocabulary people have to fend for themselves they have to take care of their own lives and usually that just means massive ival awful kenyans work in the informal economy keeping afloat with non-registered small businesses countless street vendors kiosk gun as and servants work illegally bypassing the state the state generally tolerates them but takes arbitrary action against them too unpredictable police controls often lead to prison particularly for those who are too poor to pay a bribe. fear impotence and violence dominated country that was once a model for the whole of africa a whole society. being brutalized is a cause as it were to you it is
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a devoted to this dark situation this violent survival situation results in very harsh things that come from frustration. and does count that people don't know how to lead their lives they are desperate because they have no money. they can't afford to have a child and they don't know what to do on vice this was his tunes are. for sixty years louisa rattle maya a nun from the varia has been fighting for every single african child that comes to her at first it was child soldiers from sudan then aids orphans during the peak of the epidemic in kenya in the early two thousand and. now she provides a home for many children abandoned by society neglected forgotten abused and mistreated children. help to move out the incline in fear game
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nobody had to go and i gave the lord the little finger and he took the whole of hand then he said you're useful to me and i thought i would do a small thing and then it all added up and i saw the need and wanted to help i prayed that we would get the money to do it and we always got some sometimes it took a long time but we got it along a good hour but i was just becoming. the seventy six year old nun visits the orphanage of santa monica only rarely these days she's sick and frail the years of working in development i'd have taken a. look in there come. visit me everywhere you are. three years ago yeah she has can own.
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a home five years ago mary was abused by her mother's boyfriend six years old at the time she fled to the streets of dujon stayed alive by eating rubbish and slept in empty market stalls at night and. many children in kenya share this fate they live in unsafe places and are exposed to constant violence. a terrible superstition has spread in kenya that sex with children q. is aids. the african nation. the african children struggle to talk about it they bury it all inside my feed you can see in their eyes that they're crying but they hardly talk about it they were raised this way. you hardly ever hear anyone complaining even if they haven't eaten in two days. they still greet you with
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a smile. grows in the human animal. a boy from the santa monica open age who also came from the streets knows exactly how dangerous life there is. he helped to six year old mary and took it to sister luisa who had built a home for disadvantaged children and teenagers in the affluent outskirts of nairobi. we took her in and gave her a medical exam it turned out that she had been raped and that she was losing your end and wasn't well or even funny we thought she might need an operation and you know what i'd see on how. mary got through the operation well she's eleven now thanks to sister luisa she has a future. yes
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. yes. yes. yes no you are you still live there isn't what. you like it. that is good. and you're learning when in the world. would you have to go after we can be proud of you. and you were going to have us here. kenyans have to pay for their education in two thousand and three the state announced that primary schools would be free. but after that kenyan parent. have to pay a lot to keep their children in education only the rich can afford all the others the vast majority get no second read you cation they remain without any chance of
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improving their circumstances children and young people from the slums oppa to kill a stuck in the vicious circle of poverty that persists through generations with a population growing explosively and a birth rate of four point two six children per woman and me of children and young people without prospects is growing up. we have to tackle these problems much more aggressively in my opinion we have to call things what they are and we have to have these conversations with people where are you safe where are your children safe how many children can you feed the husband is gone probably because it's too stressful for him to try and feed his family he fails becomes an alcoholic and the woman says i'll do it myself if it. was.
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easy. to me. it was. me was. i am god. it was. was a yes yes i was sure korogocho nairobi is the largest slum it's home to one hundred fifty thousand people who will live below the only rubbish dump for a city with a population of four million they live with and off the rubbish of the rich from the neighboring districts and like vultures look for anything edible one of them's hamilton i he was born in the slum and grew up there there is no hope for the youths of floods of canaan general there is no hope for the future so. a modern city of person and does way i'm living at today and i've become a be a cynic i know islam because i was born near lake at thirty two years ago i have
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gone through a lot and at some point i was forced to drop out of school because my parents were not able to pay for my secondary school fees after being my primary level for well and i have no option but return of the nearby dumping set of covering for food and for myself just like many other people do a talented footballer when he was twenty two hamilton had the chance to play. the homeless world cup in south africa it was an experience that changed his life forever he returned strong self-confident and self determined he was determined to change his fate and that of the children in korogocho i believe that education is the best empowerment that we can give to any given cell in this world and it fair to give them educational. program where it's day two to pay their school fees and to which they're to keep them in school because there are so many people who are dropping school and they're covering up the dumping site and they want to give
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their children are better education because i believe by getting education we can change our community. together with charities sharon stone than and care deutschland hamilton founded the initiative in the middle of all the drugs and violence using scholarships he managed to get children from the korogocho slum to attend a secondary school and in the afternoons he gives them a protected space in his youth center where they can just be children dancing and playing for. obama has also supported hamilton and his initiatives. he's a slums to go to and these slum structures are very difficult to manage that was my frustration i wanted to work with these children and give them relief but i wasn't changing their lives and when we started the project they went back to their
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cardboard huts that was incredibly difficult from that. that's why you have to integrate part of the program for young people and children with the parents you have to find out what's going on at home and what you can change with monday into here the minimal had also been that vast. so how if they're too old for a yera then what maybe they've still not completed school because there's no money for the fees they have no jobs because no jobs are being created by. those who used to be with i.e. era and who are adults now are standing at the side of the road and are selling their peanuts in fish heads and whatever else they're selling in the slums. those born in a slum in kenya end up as vendors along the overcrowded traffic arteries of nairobi from the toxic miasma of the rubbish dump to the toxic emissions on the street
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countless kenyan share the same fate. many of them were born in rural regions they come from simple backgrounds they live in next ended families and have a small plot of land that they cultivate and live off but they leave all that behind and go to nairobi for a better life where there is more work supposedly. their dream of up with mobility ends in the cities slums. they munich based organization promoting africa has created a rural skills center a pilot project these young people have made it they've completed their apprenticeship and are trained technicians electricians and tailors they have successfully managed to first step out of the slum and stand good chances of getting a job not least thanks to the charity. either direct or jimmy is
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giving his fifth year the sendoff he's part of the generation of kenyans who want to change the situation in the country fundamentally he's a real change maker when you see a young person celebrating that they have graduated when you feel happy because when they when they come here with their parents or their guardians the guardians tell you please be very strict came them with possible we don't allow them to please be careful with them but when they come and find this young man or woman you feel so much all you are not sure is graduating are. these normal people who have the capacity to change principle jimmy gives ninety students a year the chance of getting an education in the skills center. twenty three year old esther is one of them she's in her second year of training as a solo technician she's the only woman in her year what happens when the family is
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very. fearful for what i'm going to reflect right then this time it is rock it up so you want to make it. so after one hour you'll solve those rigs. said that list of one more like it does change me just in the life. and my behavior. and hope for me. living and learning in a safe place far away from the dangerous slums. in the skill center young people learn skilled jobs and do work experience in companies it's a dual track system that trains young people in jobs with good prospects. that's very rare in kenya at the moment in addition the students here get food every day as well as
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a clean place to sleep. coming from this background and last night they called themselves from gaza they told us just the terrorist people doing the wrong things. involved themselves to bad behaviors like taking someone things. should be. at least i walked out from that community. during term time as the goes home very infrequently home that's the slum of chalk and there's always a lot of work that awaits their. children have to take on responsibility in the home from a young age while their mother tries to earn a few shillings a childhood in kenya and early. this our house the single money so six children to six thirty two girls in my school this
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last one let's go there mom this is my mom. oh all of us in this house. my sisters and brother in law so we have to feel like we have to play man he asked. us. any and stream of a white collar job they would love to wear a suit and work in an office in one of nairobi's high rises like in the european soap operas they all watch it synonymous with social advancement. but there aren't that many white collar jobs in kenya agriculture tourism and construction as well as all the good old trades all have prospects but they have a poor image. mostly
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mentality dimension and a minimalist and it's good that people have to change their mentality they mustn't think i'll go to school and at the end of it i get a job in an office i just have to sit at a desk and will earn my money that. they should maybe think about learning a trade which they might not like. it might be the second choice if university wasn't an option most people don't do that when they just try to get a job in an office and then they end up working as downstairs or something. and then visit. here to go. back in the women's prison in one gotten the closer the reunion with their mother approaches the quiet say nancy evelyn and become they don't know yet what awaits them on the other side of the prison walls.
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but there is reassurance the nest will stay with them through the transition period . i being this. have been visiting her in prison so i have sort of like established that edition shape with her so i am also very happy and looking forward to. giving her back the children for the four years i have been acting very mediating between the mob and the child but now to define a t.v. meet in the a free.
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for years without a mother and sister a difficult moment particularly financing. she immediately picks up a little sister and takes on the role of the eldest. to do you have mixed reactions they are not really very sure how it will be after the now they have left the nest because they have known a nest for four years and of course we can sort of him that after your mommy and leaves prison we prepare a new home. for
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fifteen years the founder of the nest. has been fighting tirelessly for those who don't have a lot being kenyan society children. three. or four friends to me on thing and when we started fifteen years ago the mothers didn't have mattresses there were no mosquito nets no special food for infants and there was no room in which the children could spend time in a child friendly way. there was a room where the babies were lying on the floor and there was a big t.v. camera in a corner and they won't watch by another inmate all day long. long own children weren't allowed to visit their mothers you were only allowed to come when you were eighteen quietly and steadily we tried to change that and they hardly had
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to end on. the day after florence's release. why you crying. don't you want your mother here. you don't want to tell me what's going on even though i'm your mother. nancy's very sensitive and being the eldest she was the one who was left behind to look after visa free so she had she read it to chris brown's ability over taking care of their us when she was a child herself and that is the way i think she's sad and they are us. the most important part of the nests work starts now bringing
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a family back together it takes patience time and money. we're going through this with the benefit that we really understand the taxes alone we have to pay we have to pay for everything ourselves those are the conditions we have to work in i'm a guest in this country and i have to accept the things as they are we have politicians who steal billions of shillings there's so much corruption every employee of the city government is a millionaire because building permits aren't issues without huge bribes being paid . kenyans have come to terms with corruption and nepotism the starting point for this problematic development was the colonize ation of africa in eight hundred sixty one the europeans divided up the continent paying no heed to tribal borders in one thousand nine hundred five kenya became
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a british colony the prize for expanding the country's infrastructure and bringing over. settlers was land theft oppression and subjugation hope surged when kenya forced its independence from britain under freedom fighter jomo kenyatta in one nine hundred sixty three but the founder of the state didn't keep his promise is he to enrich himself at the expense of the people. as did his successes in post daniel iraq more like a barky and kenyatta's son who who has been in office since twenty thirteen. they've done the same thing as the colonial powers exploiting and oppressing the people. last of it doesn't leave the colonialism to one side because we're just working on focusing on what we've created this monster and i want us to talk about
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development aid because we slipped straight from this colonial situation into development aid we said oh the people are poor we have to help the now we'll help them from another country we come with ready made packages because we know they had no running water and no electricity and we thought we had to change that we have to lift them out of poverty we saw it as poverty because in our country we have running water and electricity and that's our benchmark for a good life and we are not poor any more that's the problem now does is just. the western definition of poverty coupled with an infantilizing development aid system has created many problem images every kenyan longs for a western standard of living who wants to live in simple huts when the rest of the world appears so rich and so the when it u.k. to people of the country so urgently needs simply leave.
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twenty eight year old peter now lives in the united states he was one of sister louisa's joggers he visits her as often as he can. he owes so much that. when peter was eight he came to sister louise as a refugee from south sudan. kenya has long been a place of refuge from the war torn neighbor states no other country in the region has taken in more refugees despite all its own problems. i don't even think that all even exist oh the worst is probably i'll be dead by now in the wars and for the opportunity that system you saw. there will be no future for me. and that's honestly speaking and just from the fact that what south sudan is going
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through right now this really is really limited chances of hope but which is to louisa han hope and safety. in the one nine hundred ninety his sister louisa rented accommodation for child refugees and child soldiers from south sudan. peter was one of them oh well this gate right here i used to actually run through it without bending barnard to really bend grooms that grew so much so oh boy. they're in. hard. this is a boys' compound not much changes really. the school in the neighborhood didn't want to teach the traumatized child refugees as a result sister louisa opened her own primary school for the children peter attended
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it. i was lucky to be where i was at the time and i really think god for that for this kids some of them don't even know what tomorrow may well be some of them are even thinking about what they will be eating tonight will they be going to bed hungry or. they'll find some food from you know a neighbor or something if their parents don't have much you know so it's it's a challenging situation especially it's not just them as a lot of kids and in general in africa and to the program and they mandrel foundation my sister's running right now is a great example of a foundation to give hopes and children. i was no different at all from them i was no different at all. kenya's children only stand a chance of sustainable development aid in the country creates future prospects
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peter wasn't able to return to a home still ravaged by war and persecution thanks to a scholarship in america he was able to get his high school education and physiotherapist training that. many kenyans have no faith that they can turn their own fate around the poorest of the poor in particular have never learned to take personal responsibility if need be they get money from one of the many development aid organizations helping them to get by for a few days but this well intentioned help over the decades has peeled pet. and materialism without loss tingly improving the lives of the people. the standard model of development aid creates a situation where the people are constantly grateful and when you're grateful for long enough and you never able to get yourself out of your misery then you're subservient you're someone without any feeling of self-worth or self-confidence you
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step aside when a white person comes because the white person could be the one who can pay for your school family's. personal responsibility is nurtured and encouraged in the skills center pastors mother can only pay a fraction of the school fees that's why as the rest of the money at school there are no scholarships here but their support that's how some managed to work for their school fees i'm doing the job to pay my school fees now and stuff like that i was doing. planting cleaning the compound feeding the two guests and that was my job but now look at a dazzling the stuff i look at are but i'm still being. winners there's a home she helps her single mother who only has a modest income as a market woman. it's barely enough for her and six children
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to live. i want a better future for my daughter i want her to go to school to learn and study she should have a better life for myself. as desired teacher is visiting today. she's in close contact with her students and also includes the parents in her work. do you see a difference between esther and the other girls who went to primary school with her but who weren't able to continue their education or learn a job. in the global there's one main difference most of the other girls have had children and got married. i'm glad that she was able to continue her schooling and further her education.
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to go and i hope. as this teacher is also called esther she spent her own childhood in the slum together with her mother she somehow managed to cobble together the money for her education. my life to am in that is it also. i am in the middle class. when i meet those goals i already. is here for me to clubs and went under stalin the mental illness tore it and then i try to tell the story of mystery and i see the need for me to help them. understand is what. i am to have so i'm going because my mom probably isn't going to try my best to. make my teacher. has to learn the skills center to be effective herself. someone with this attitude and her training she stands a good chance of getting
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a job that will improve her mother's life to. the point the projects have to be designed so that you foster the participants sense of personal responsibility and i'll bet on it has to be inbuilt mission it isn't it can't be just because a wants it or a white person wants is an only it has to be because i understand what it means to create something for myself for myself or just a chef and. we're back with florence a few days after her release the nest do a home visit. see learn yochi i hear. the question is come florence find a way back into her old life and how with the sisters react. they were quickly married off when florence went to jail. the eldest was the substitute mother the father had left the family.
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the social worker from the nest is there for the entire encounter and watches it closely. just in the mist and he hated the place and knows he's wanted to die lawrence doesn't want to return to this place she says. all of them here would be too many. she didn't know or her sisters would be married by now and. again. florence says it wouldn't be traditional for her to move in here as well she prefers to live somewhere else. and if they need me they can visit me.
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the. distance is better a husband wouldn't like it if she were constantly with her sisters florence has made her decision. that. we wouldn't want to take her to a place that she doesn't want to leave we will go to the town where she wants to go and live and we can get a house then receive what business can be done then reintegrate had deafening. despite all the problems and injustices in their country many kenyans have learned to turn their need into something positive they know they contra line on the state they take their fate into their own hand pity and then run to help them there's a growing number of change makers in kenya well educated people who are staying in the country in order to change things i believe kenya has
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a chance to turn around. the vision i have is to have responsible citizens how do we do it by myself knowing that i have the skills for social work and community development how can my skills change the life of a young person or allows us to change. then the trickle effect. the sight saw i may have done my part another possum is doing i think it's time now we stopped and and learning from each other so that we don't repeat the same mistakes somebody else. and move it up. every child in the slums now knows how important it is to go to school. to school. more and
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more young women are striving for a good education before starting a family. invest their. sustainable aid projects such as those offered by the charity. can help the people of kenya along the way but they have to achieve it themselves. i hope the nest will help me and i hope to become a seamstress. there will be a long time before nancy can say goodbye to the next before she's ready to make a new stock. but if nancy and her
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generation manage to turn their own fates around then there's hope for the whole country. a home that demands a maximum minimalism. the couple from the aina accepted the challenge of a war take back our house i call it the first residence designed by radical.
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masterpiece of modern architecture but what's it like to defend. your old maxim in thirty minutes a w. physics. medicine. chemistry. literature. economics sign says. things. well the way to the twenty seventeen nobel prize is. you will follow in the footsteps of the greatest minds all the time. the nobel prize is twenty seventeen. this week when d.w. nice. history books are brought to life. maybe the stories therein will get to rewrite. the story of the russian revolution . from the perspective of writers thinkers and to covent garden just what did it feel like to live in times over the revolution. nineteen
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