tv Doc Film - The Mubende Coffee Plantations Deutsche Welle October 17, 2017 11:15am-12:01pm CEST
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as the how do you the soldiers destroyed my banana and coffee bean fields. they took all my livestock and destroyed all my buildings i lost everything. i mean . a small farmer from uganda is haunted by his family's violent a victim from their home. first i thought that war had broken out then we heard that a white man wanted to grow coffee beans that. the man the customers are talking about lives in hamburg and is the owner of a coffee empire michael are no island is the world's leading importer of unroasted coffee beans. this is what happened when he set up a plantation in uganda. we've
come to move in southwestern uganda it's a fertile region that's home to small farmers who grow bananas avocados pineapple and above all coffee beans. the climate is perfect for coffee which is why in the year two thousand and one the new man coffee group decided to establish a new plantation in the area. the ugandan government found the perfect site but the land was already occupied. hunt from switzerland is the plantations manager has overseen it right from its inception. you could see that there were settlements and fields scattered across the land we
knew people were here. on. the small farmers had been living there for a long time some for generations and had a claim to the land but their rights were ignored. as a military vehicle full of soldiers came over and then a second vehicle with civilians in a war no uniforms and were with cudgels and sticks of a few people here they ran from house to house yelling everyone out immediately no no because i did. i think i have children with the hunger. thank you know film footage exists of people being driven out of movie ended. but such accounts square with what has happened in other parts of uganda thanks. for talking to. anyone who tried to get there with long lines from their homes was beaten with
sticks. of the children were afraid and ran away in every direction. some people tried to save the goats and other belongings but they didn't know how they had to leave their chickens behind to. then they set fire to my beehives and my house to a man. thank the soldiers burnt down whole villages and pillaged livestock and food supplies. i was able to save this photo i had it in my pocket when they drove us away. were standing in front of my house i had the photo taken earlier. the only thing i was able to say from the house was this radio to him when his wife betty lived with her parents back then she says that her mother begged the soldiers who were stealing their livestock to leave them at least one cow but they beat her instead how do. they demolished
houses with a bulldozer. my father was hit with stones when we tried to get him out of the house. he survived for three days. when he died. betty in good beer as mother also died two months later of injuries suffered from blows to her kidneys. god and after that we camped out under trees they gave us about us for food but sometimes there was nothing to eat. and there were six of us children we were so hungry that the two youngest ones died. then there were only four of us. like many of those driven from their homes but he now has no choice but to work on the plantation there's no other work. our life today isn't very nice every time i work at the plantation and come to the place where we used to live i have to cry you know why i did. not eat.
i mean a double because so much family also used to be able to make ends meet but they lost everything when they were evicted. was going to know the soldiers came with a backhoe and destroyed everything because they tore our house down to as we were fleeing good news the previous. land crabs are a huge problem in africa small farmers ownership of their properties is seldom officially registered how again why i mean. this. will be the first night we tried to return to our village and salvage whatever we could from our houses. the soldiers kept shooting. none of us dared to return again. this photo is all that remains from better days in the past. when.
it was very difficult to feed a family we didn't have any blankets and we didn't have enough to eat i woulda one of my children dying at the age of only seven to the end of. did the newman coffee group know what was going on. the show and also news i think that not everything went the way it should have certainly pressure was exerted but i think it's possible that the army which was already present here intervened really possible it's hard to imagine the company knew nothing of the many people being driven from their homes to make room for the car where a coffee plantation. if you know no one firm provides services and products along the whole value chain of green coffee production again farming with the intention of a stablish ing environmentally renewable plantations in all senses of that term.
bio corridor as were set up to protect wildlife diversity on this model farm. environmental sustainability is one of the newman coffee groups major selling points. no human coffee group is located in the upscale port district in hamburg it controls ten percent of the world's raw coffee market and supplies some of germany's best known brands it has forty six subsidiaries in twenty eight countries and did two point seven billion dollars in business in twenty fourteen. the name newman appears everywhere and the coffee sector. peter k. year has taken on the corporate giant in uganda the former school director is the spokesman for people driven from their homes and move ending hard thing or those other avenues blocked. we felt that he's now still i made it ease the court
to get back. the new i'm on firm claims only fifty families used to live on a plantation land. he said of our car i arrived a few days later and i noticed that something had gone on i must have been pretty harsh with two thousand people there were never two thousand people living here right thousand or one thousand or a late. year i filed a complaint on behalf of all the people addicted from their homes four thousand people from four villages he says. but some people are saying that the poor people like we could not take government to court so he refused to use the we me but i are just two thousand and four to one people. the dispossessed were helped by the human rights organization food first information and actions network or fear on.
the contrary plantation is one of the first cases of land grabbing that's well documented. multinational corporations and governments are taking people's land away to produce goods for export. gertrud func has been helping the dispossessed since two thousand and three and is regularly in uganda. and supports people's right to feed themselves in the case of the career the plantation the ugandan government with support from the norm and company clearly violated this right by their land was taken from the local populace and they couldn't feed themselves. some of the dispossessed come together in the village school there hoping for some good news in the conflict which has been going on for ten years. the lawyers from feehan international say the ugandan government is responsible as well. your government government.
laws in the constitution is very clear ugandans people have the right to sit. in the uganda so once they said they have rights on the land these people. bonafide. the owner of the land accepted that these people living. there for a long time. the fee and representatives are trying to arrange a meeting with the german ambassador to uganda. the ambassador should help us get out of this miserable situation. he should talk to those responsible they should compensate us and give us our land back. but. when they reached in the book. they took them for those whose interview. they just
did there without coffee and. without the. other people are being. miners with you know what you got one year by the way we don't have great we don't have powers yet they can all put these on for nothing. some of the school furniture raids donated by career. newman highlights its support for the new school what the company doesn't say is that it converted the old one into plantation offices and that children had to go without instruction for a year. this is an unending ten day she's eighty three years old she lived here all of her life until she was driven from her home. all she has left is a small plot of land where she lives with her daughters and grandchildren and i used to own six houses more than one hundred animals and forty two hectares of land . then on august eighteenth two thousand and one the soldiers came.
home with you. you know where you live gunned down the store woman goats what. is really the goats were all burnt to death. it's dreadful. i can't help crying when i think of it. we're not going after that i had to come power under the trees i had nothing to go with b. i put a straw mat on the ground and leaned up against a tree i couldn't sleep the soldiers kept moving around circling us and they patrolled here for five days you know but. now you get this land belongs to me i inherited it from my father. you know these papers prove that my father bought this land. you know he was alive back then he signed these papers and nine hundred
sixty four. you know even now. the documents also show that anna's land doesn't belong to the plantations block ninety nine it's part of block one of three. as there was a very. known as block an itemised where blast. only broke one hundred and it's very it is not just you know if you missed it because they're actually measure square mouse this map you see is content and then any such report by market or university they hide it that part of the plantation really is part of local one hundred industries and this is an official map from the department of land and some very. read's shows you the boundaries of the land you see is it is so sure that stones which we abided inside the city by the subway
estimated about risk so it can be proven. another villager also has a receipt for the purchase of the land that was stolen from him these are my rules which it rules that all of the land zones little one hundred fifty but afterwards they would be it was for me to do to prove that that. this area was resort of eighteen twenty twelve and the surveyor said the boundaries were correct but downs remained what about an as deed entitled. peter k. year a is taking some visitors through the two thousand five hundred hectare plantation uganda's biggest and most modern this is a public road but there's a checkpoint at every crossing. peter says it's painful to pass by the plot of land
that used to belong to him. ever since two thousand and two he's been trying to get the dispossessed to sue the ugandan government and kaleri plantation. we were one of the oldest balinese in this land it is my great grandfather who had a settled in his hands. this is where my home used to be before the addiction so my house was then just a there and this is michael michael. i had a something more than two thousand plants of course i was the person who was reading the people who refused to go then they wanted to they ordered to a man when they came to kill me but one of the soldiers was my friend. he said no should not die so i got a message so i ran out they want to twist their wife the wife run out they don't story the house only looted every property so i lost everything.
here into. the village of the dispossessed after the military drove them from their land many people fled into the woods and resettled near the plantation all they had over their heads were sheets of plastic there was no clean water or medical care some later build houses but other families still live in wretched conditions clay huts are all that many people have for shelter poverty and malnutrition are rife here. i used to have my own lands and we used to have enough to eat. i had my own home and livestock were safe and secure no much food today i have to rely on others help become a refugee this indian woman. you know they always say will be compensated and be given land elsewhere but was still waiting so far we've been given nothing. the government says these people have been compensated
we meet up with the highest ranking government official in the area. did. these families. and. willingly. so is the story of villagers being driven off their land a lie village elder patrick said watto recalls how white men arrived and some intent for a meeting i'm going to. mention my function as a village elder they said they were bringing progress to the village and promised that we would be compensated for our lost homes and property. and we would be given equally good land elsewhere. they said they were going to build new roads hospitals and water wells. they said we were going to live in
a promised land. but as sure as i'm sitting here today those promises were never kept. going to be out. john patrick can body is another village elder he says the dispossessed were given fifty thousand shillings compensation thirty euros going to pass and what's been having i don't. have a house has been having i resign amours as being. all over that and you give. these people. too. many of these people don't know how to read and write i did only you this these forms were. so. if you want to get your money come on. the new i'm on company says the dispossessed were adequately compensated and that the process was correctly documented that
around the. village elders signed the document so did lawyers for both the sellers and the state. we had no reason to question and we still don't know. we had to the ugandan capital kampala to meet the villages attorney. he contradicts . he says people were called. first into signing the compensation documents. there is a an assistant r a d c. who was going around the villages . escorted by army so yes forcing people to sign that he had been given land as well and that it been given the composition. the lawyer says newman employees were complicit in this process. after the of his opening day employees of the coffee plantation started cutting down over the crops
coffee trees but in a plant and everything in the process of clearing the ground for them to start planting there. we showed them where they were participated in the art to a conviction and destruction of my client's property. so what did nine mine managers know about the military's role in driving people from the land else though. i can well imagine that they exerted pressure to move the resettlement and compensation process forward we would have known about it if the army had moved in and started threatening people like you both. what's clear is that on the eve of the evictions everyone concerned matter up including to know why my managers. they were in that meeting when the representative of the government gave the evictees they are timid to they had to leave before eight.
so there can be no sin they're not innocent. the dispossessed have been waiting a long time for justice but they haven't made any progress with their lawsuits against how every plantation and the ugandan state. and. the cooks and the state prosecutor. i have used every trick in the book to drag out the trial. and the norman company has done everything possible to slow things down. but we urgently need legal avenues to see companies like this particularly in industrialized nations. parent companies skim off the profits but they're not held accountable when their subsidiaries violate the law. the tiny swiss canton of soup is almost six thousand kilometers away from banda it
has the lowest tax rate in switzerland and is home to many multinational corporations and a number of newman owned companies they include tropical farm management which runs the coa a plantation. we meet up with an expert who served as the president of this was coffee dealers association for fourteen years vita knows what he's talking about. fish much tying in norman is giving the coffee industry a bad name the company should have it all up to what happened long ago and admitted that it made a mistake you have the haitian investigated how the land was truly obtained. and obviously it's difficult to get established in countries like this but you can do things the right way and it's shameful for one of the world's leading coffee companies to be involved in something like this in coffee houses so it goes. deep.
fast says what happened in new benda is widely known in the industry but it's not discussed publicly he says others need to hold newman accountable. easily industry organization should have told noise on a long time ago you are not allowed to use our labels anymore const label me. wagnerian university in the netherlands un special rapporteur on the rights to food alleviate dish attack is speaking to an international conference he knows about move bending and questions newman's behavior this companies should become a customed to the new corporate culture that is now expected from from companies throughout the world and that corporate culture is one in which they should respect human rights by acting with due diligence to seek information about the impacts of the activities and if these impacts are negative they should remedy them. uganda
late march twenty third team a court issues a long awaited ruling finding that people were driven from their land and were bending it holds no i'm on partially responsible and awards damages of eleven million euros oddly newman's lawyers who are not named in the suit other ones ordered to pay the money still activists applaud the ruling. but this ruling is a milestone and dispossessed people's battle for compensation it's the first court decision at all in eleven years. the judge supported the view and arguments of the dispossessed he analyzed this case very carefully and was very fair and his arguments as well. april twenty fourth teen we return to a band-aid it's a year after the court ruling. no one has lodged an appeal and the dispossessed are still waiting for compensation. i mean
a double cause so my had hoped the matter could be resolved quickly he wants to send his son area to university but he can't afford the fees. he says he could if his land had not been taken away. and. i still have hope. i hope that as long as the court hears our case and we're able to defend ourselves then the truth will emerge. even if it does take a long time and even if we have to continue waiting. the high court in kampala we have an appointment with a judge out saying choudhry even before his ruling in the move enda case he was active in drawing attention to corruption in uganda. it is
a wake up call for some of their lives over the lesson of human rights particularly in such cases where you know certain people have been a victim on their homes i think it was incumbent upon them ensure that they did not move into the land. until those people are relocated and until they were compensated they did not do that but they were quietly watching the drama knowing full well what was happening. for that is what i i had to make those harshly mocked because they had lost all sense of humanity. peter k. euro calls the ruling a belated acknowledgment of both his own and other people suffering. when a warning that clears up that if people are very happy everyone was there i'd be very did not think actually that will come to that such fish so soon. ok you're
a served as the spokesperson for the dispossessed for many years he was subject to slander and was imprisoned for five months on trumped up charges. when i was in a prison they sent three messages to me say that if i was reading it to grow up i had a sort of a company they also drop their case against him even now when i am moving i know that today out there is a very big following me but i have nothing to do i have nothing to give up. but although the court ruled in their favor the dispossessed are still fighting for justice. the appearance that their government should also be punished. commanding the army to evict us. newman says that the ruling is a cross miscarriage of justice which is why the company is also appealing but no one wants to talk in front of the camera newman prefers written statements.
newman's legal representative in kampala however is willing to be interviewed. he questions the judge's competence and seeks to shift the blame for the evictions this in jail but him what blows the people for purposes of claim to extort somebody who had a company investment probably with an aim of getting. some money which will be unjust enrichment. i'm talking about. this is the real perpetrator masquerading as one of the victims kyra will later tell us that this is a lie intended to discredit him he has gone on to confuse people that people were in victory from the lad no they were not it is not doing the city
by buying alternative land and the wheat. alternative land. we meet up with a village elder at. the site where people were supposedly given comp and satori property but thirteen years on there is no sign of the promised houses roads or well the land wasn't even cleared we're told so it was impossible for people to live here. give them a sword. they had brought the bones in for the people came so that the border did come. this land was only cleared recently and documents show that it could not have been given to the dispossessed villagers in two thousand and one because the state hadn't even bought it yet it only changed hands in two thousand and ten. the radio station heart f am
is located on the outskirts of move day. peter came here as a popular guest here he's often invited to talk about political topics today he's here to tell listeners about the issue closest to his heart they were banda case and to demand his rights under the ugandan land act. then he makes his way again to kampala to consult with his attorney. there's news and it's not good another setback. we have a problem with oregon of course fires is reported missing we hope they are looking for it have written several letters complaining about the loss of the. it takes six months for the files containing around four thousand pages to reappear year and his attorneys say that this is another attempt to stall the case this should be a lesson to government and foreign investors that however much we want investment
we must respect rights sherman rice. ugandans. back in the bending guards have stepped up their surveillance at the checkpoints even though this is a public road. the following day our camera team is threatened. we'll be thrown in jail and our footage will be confiscated we're told because we film the plantations office from the road. three thousand five hundred tons of coffee beans are harvested every year on the plantation tells us some of them go to germany. day laborers lined the road they earn an average of one euro per day they say that places them just above the absolute poverty level as defined by the world bank. they refused to raise or pay. what they
did we get fertile to wait for just enough to keep us from starving. groats everything and it has to last us until the following evening. there's nothing to eat during the day only in the evening. always me on the site over there on bare metal there are no mattresses or manse. in the meantime another year has gone by the dispossessed who had hoped for a quick settlement are angry and disappointed. spring twenty fifteen hamburg peter kay euro is once again trying to advance the victims cause. no one at the beginning of this the plantation stayed there for something like a few weeks but did not take an initiative to talk to the community or talk to me or plain about it to the local authorities are going to be an opportune time
because they have always say they want oh. ok euro try to arrange a meeting with the head of the company but received no answer. some day they'll have to talk to us he says. they can't refuse forever. a few days later in geneva the seat at the second largest united nations office after its headquarters in new york. gertrude fog and peter are attending a meeting of the un committee on economic social and cultural rights. it's scheduled to take up the case of more banded this week i believe is the international level we have been able to reach there because when you speak it down or in agendas are very good people cannot understand. it did you never but now i'm there. feehan is accredited at the un so it can help the victims make their case
that's one of the main things her organization does says gertrude fog. the committee meets in the venerable punny wilson the next session is devoted to human rights in uganda n.g.o.s are getting prepared. for the committees now work you know general home and on the first national conference lesions your case will be a good example on why this is. the committee's mandate is to ensure that people's economic social and cultural rights are respected it collects information both from governments and non-governmental groups sheehan and peter kay your i have submitted testimony i told the committee member us that that. was brutal and there was no off compensation given the addict and community did not have an
alternative for survival and the conditions of living are growing. every day. they must make a recommendation for us to shift all along the coast his own women is of survival we can have. no we have high hopes from the committee which makes recommendations to the ugandan government and can put the state under pressure to act. so hunger. we want the dispossessed peoples court case to proceed but even through an end for a solution to be finally found. this problems heard. later the final report of the committee will call upon the ugandan government to restore the villagers land as soon as possible. back in uganda there is a new development in july twenty fifteen an appeals court overturns the judge's
ruling and sends the case back to the high court attorney joseph bundy condemned the says that land cases take a long time in uganda but rarely as long as this. this case has been delayed for a number of reasons some of it is it would be. pressure. from outside with you would go to political because the government is being embarrassed by this case. compound august twenty sixth mean. it's the fifteenth anniversary of the evictions beefy un workers have returned to uganda to mark the occasion and help the victims but when the woodwards of them. at a press conference in kampala peter came here i tells reporters about a new attempt being made to divide the dispossessed some people have been promised financial compensation if they renounce their claims to land. is not written in
this. it is only. what who have always been claiming that the people we were north. his hopes have been boosted by the discovery of a map showing that the plantation simply annexed a part of block one of three when they camped here instead of going northwards like these very surveyed spouse is so words through here go away here like this you have what we grab all these beasts. we were trying to can gaze out how were things developed in the past two years have the living conditions of the dispossessed improved. it's the rainy season and the going is tough. or you. can gaze down.
at first glance there are a few people peddling wares and more small shops but otherwise little has changed fifteen years on from the evictions. the german activists are particularly interested this time around in the situation of dispossessed women and children. they are still waiting for justice to be done. but even on the dispossessed sued in august two thousand and two and fourteen years later and august two thousand and sixteen they still be no final ruling in the case and you can only call this a denial of justice and legal protection. gertrude fault began researching the situation of women among dispossessed families eighteen months ago the results of her investigation are shocking despite claims that people would be better off the plantations impact has been overwhelmingly negative anyone who could has moved away those left behind are mostly children and the elderly they didn't support sort of
acclaimed. living conditions are catastrophic they've gotten worse in the past few years i'd say people have no land to grow crops on so they are hungry as a result children either don't. go to school or are unable to concentrate if they do. that the number of girls getting pregnant at the age of thirteen or fourteen has increased enormously. and many of the girls are infected with hiv. with high flow in. mind many families can only afford one meal a day these women tell us. and they need to be on their guard to avoid having it stolen mighty underpaid plantation workers. in partnership with a cow where a plantation it says at the entrance to the local school. valentijn had is trying to collect information about the children of the dispossessed. the boy
say his friend is not in the school because the ford school fees and that boy is walking up the cow at a coffee plantation. after fifteen years of this forced evictions the suffering is really going on in this community and you can see it through the kids. a sobering conclusion. and yet people here still haven't given up hope that justice will someday be served. on the outskirts of gays and the community has built a new church. peter k. year has called a meeting to mark the fifteenth anniversary of the evictions everyone in the village not just the dispossessed has come to you the latest about the court case. how bernie has. but they have been over lining and been
running is still continue what many people have learned for me as i also learned from other friends and organizations so many people are taking up their cases now to court they did not know that it could happen. there have been repeated attempts from the outside to quash the resistance and can't gays are ok us says bribes have been offered corruption is rampant in uganda including in the government. a total i'll make them bring back what they have destroyed that is the promise i made it was the people and i will never broke that promise. i'll never betray the people that's the only grave the glaring factor in my heart. peter kay your ash owes people his map this new piece of evidence stirs their hopes . people still believe that their cause will triumph.
new perspectives our series this week. the almost. thirty minute. meet the germans new and surprising aspects of noise and culture in germany. us american music takes a look at germany it is increasing at their traditions every day lives and language in their family. so i'm young good show. the trick i r t w dot com the german. history books are brought to life. maybe the stories therein will get a rewrite. of the story of the russian revolution. from the perspective of writers thinkers and avant garde ist. what did it feel like to live in times of revolution
the people. nineteen seventeen the real october started to over twenty fifth to double and. this is deja news coming to you live from berlin fears drew off the new conflict in iraq as government forces from baghdad on sunday to bridge their recapture of the northern city of kirkuk from the cards both the u.n. and the u.s. are appealing for calm also coming up i'll go on down one transport.