tv Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine Deutsche Welle September 15, 2018 8:30am-9:01am CEST
more. concert space history. it's a new era of sexuality. will lovesick in this thing of and sexual frustration . i still have to get used to these robot noises exploring new frontiers in sex and love three point zero. such stunts attended twenty fifth on t.w. . hello and welcome to the fresh edition of africa brought to you by tunnel t.v. the rights of you and i'm felice and has been here in south africa and i'm joined
by my colleague in nigeria hello there everybody if you are interested in the environment and its issues from africa and europe and sit back and enjoy the next trying to six minutes or thereabouts here's what we have coming up on the show today. went to zimbabwe where farmers are using matter said strip you of the nutrients from the soil. in germany school children are putting what they've learned from the classrooms about environmental protection into practice. and in kenya would visit a stash of them makes eco friendly pencils and pens from recycled newspaper. first we had to zimbabwe after the land reforms many farmers there were unsure how to best work. many still practiced traditional methods such as slash and burn which as we know has a devastating effect on the environment one man with
a lot of experience set up a foundation for farming to teach the rule farmers how to work according to environmentally friendly methods the results higher yields and better sought protection have a look. old habits die hard many of them by b.s. from us employ methods that damage the environment like slash and burn or deep ploughing instead of making soil more fertile they keep the opposite louis leads. and air pollution to reduce the negative impact for both farmers and environment nearing brand old reefs look for tonight even cut or methods that could be solve this so instead. there's a blanket of the earth and you see a star studded from last year and this. week started
saving stuff from two years ago and that builds up and that's a protective blanket and it allows the water to infiltrate and so your water table comes up and then the beatles and worms and ants in the system take that biomass on the surface into the soil which rehabilitates your whole structure which you destroy. all reeves organization foundations for farming was founded after he lost his own farm during zimbabwe's land reform back in two thousand instead of giving it he decided to share his expertise with other farmers its foundation teaches the basic principles of consolation agriculture and the best ways to optimize yields when using its methods a concept that also produces a lot of benefits for the farmers says i going on the east have backed yes yes you're minimizing your production costs in terms of fuel you are minimizing your
this oil which normally comes from the plowing into the detector itself this oil he also minimizing the loss of wall water in some nutrients the foundation's walk has been tremendously successful. many small farmers who have employed brand or briefs methods have consistently increased the size of their cereal crops. less seventy four year old my good old son she found in a rural community outside harare for heart conservation from me has really paid off how to look maybe small but high heels of high she doesn't plow she only digs small holes for seedlings. i used to harvest so no more than three fifty kilogram bags of maize by season in my field but after the training at the foundation i have listed ten bags from a quarter of an acre that's when they recognize the benefit to motivated me
immensely and they never look back. when incisions generally last for a fortnight by a group after twenty from a stick but. they focused mainly on so much of the culture techniques the farmers are encouraged to cultivate had the grains that are drought resistant and competitions plays a key role. well reeves also convinces from us to use the gun expect lies are made out of natural materials like prisons. i win win situation for the family the environment under solely no living structure you can touch and feel. just know that life. moving over to garner now to check in on a young entrepreneur who builds houses cheaply and sustainably felicia this young
lady mother and all the locally produced materials for houses right and it's called rammed earth construction the idea of using mud as a building material is becoming more and more popular across west africa one major advantage is that even when it's hot outside the temperature inside the house is constant so no need for expensive air conditioning but that's not all they've got going for them. the technique is called round construction has been formed into a wall. this new house has been built close to ghana skeptical at using an old method common in africa now it's becoming popular in cities. clomid a year and joy in founded a company in two thousand and sixteen they realize there's a demand for houses that are both affordable and eco friendly. in a country even
a continent where a lot of things are very sustainable we thought of ways that we can renewable natural resources to build with most homes in gone out they use you know of cement and materials are important so we just for let's look to see what we can actually get to be able to mean. it's a mixture of sand gravel and clay it's just a little bit of cement added the idea is very old. our grandparents our forefathers were already living in models before this came up even the china wall was built with dot when you go to mali. the mali empire most of the buildings you see there are all build with. this is how the team builds a wall. they use different mud mixtures layered one over another that gives the house an interesting aesthetic there's
a good exercise through you know. all the walls really solid enough. is just like a sedimentary rock real mcinnes adamantly rock by default thousands of years. yes piling on top of each other over thousands of years while we are forced into process so. when for sunshine the word green after some time is big it's like a manmade storm. the company has built four houses so far it started out with a little prototype building experimenting with different materials and techniques including using bricks made in. this cafeteria in north in ghana it was more ambitious and skill. this residential project is the biggest so far materials are cheap it's cost about one hundred fifty thousand u.s. dollars that's about one third less than the price was invention new building and
there are more advantages you get very very good in indoor air quality. the walls are ten million salinity of the red glitter room temperature termites cannot eat it up is proof due to the monolithic structure of the wall hasn't got any water joints in them so when there's an egg recall there's the ground shakes you don't get them collapsing and the fact that they can stand up better to earthquakes isn't the only plus these buildings help save electricity the building feels cool you don't need to see this even if you did you know this release of the i mean it's just going to be minimal health to. sustain them by a moment to. reduce our carbon prints. the company's business is booming. but a sin and have business partner given back to society is well ok think you are good
to go we actually train the local people how to do you have construction so when we leave they also have a skill that they can use to bit at the end and also. if we need to get some more workers in last minute then we can always call people from the villages to come and help us out of construction work. with construction cost in thirty percent less than conventional building techniques. and creating a host of new jobs to high surf is helping to lay the foundations for a brighter future. and. sometimes it's hard to convince people of the need for environmental protection but more almost come up with a unique way of making children and teens more aware of the dangers posed by climate change and the need for conserving then vironment he creates superhero comic books that address the topic. well finds it worrying that most zambians think that climate change is a problem affecting others all reports i met up with him in the german city of
berlin. he said. considering the fact that the reading code to him from is really really bad people just don't really read books and sue if you would give somebody a book with pictures in it i think it's books their interest trying to create value it's not just about intertainment alone. people this. street the majority of zambians think climate change is so foreign probably you know they really don't see that they get affected really easily when you talk about global warming i believe. easily guided because i mean if you read something and it
showed. literally the next generation and the future generations come up to them and that's why i feel like it's important to educate and what better way than literature. i think a go. brings a different thing to the table if you look at comic books for example we see that many superhero is a male and this is conversations that can go in around even with creating this should we make more female character is what does this mean what does that stand for and if you follow my book you start to see that this character is not perfect life is miserable and she rises above all of that to save the world and fight climate change. what. a perfect way of getting a message through elections big day various it doesn't matter whether you make
music it doesn't matter when they draw or make comics. so the idea is to visit these schools first have simple question is for the kids after a few months go back to school the question is to see if the children actually learn from the climate change and just the question is itself a muscle creating the stuff like challenges for example we have a plan to treat each other and it's more or less just about dialogue and being interactive and the comic books are just supposed to help us get the dialogue ready and so there's going to be a whole lot more coming next but i think people are already talking about it people are receiving in warmly they love it and i believe it's going to grow.
in our next report well here about another way of getting young people interested in conservation a school in berlin has got a biodiversity to its curriculum what do you think they learn there in well felicia they're learning how species inhabited i danger and what can be done to protect them but they don't just talk about it in the biology class who finds we see include aspects of biodiversity in every subject it requires a lot of it but on the parts of the teachers the pupils and the parents hopefully it would inspire others to do the same. summer vacation is over it's back to school. and the first lesson is taking place out in the school garden. for these berlin students spades and pruning shears or is important for school clothes books and pans. other schools might do other kinds of things
but here we've got our garden on the farm and the animals it's really something special. plants and animals are an integral part of their education here the kids learn how an eco system functions. like garden waste lands next door at the schools farm yard. the farm has a number of residents including ducks pigs and chickens. then there is legal the mule and shall not the pony they graze in the schools former sports field they're done lands on a compost heap and becomes the fertilizer that can be used for the next generation of plants. the school is gradually becoming surrounded with greenery the main building is pretty bare outside the playground up front as well but not
for much longer the concrete is about to be turned into a bed of reeds like this part of the grounds. the green ideas are all part of a conscious move by the school to encourage biological diversity when germany launched the national strategy on biological diversity back in two thousand and seven the schools teachers got together and thought about ways to anchor the idea. biological diversity now has a fixed place in the curriculum. we have. the same subjects as other schools we have art physics sports foreign languages. but we've also incorporated biological diversity into the school curriculum and as far as i know we're the only school in germany that does not. stop sat down and thought about what we need to do about the current situation in society and what we want to teach our students and they came up with their own curriculum. in the economics work in technology class
students build wooden frames for the raised garden beds in math they measure and plan the beds they also grow specific plans they can be used in chemistry lessons and they learn how to turn some of the things that grow into products like herb vinegar or jam. but it's not just about practical skills they also learn about the advantages of diversity take the three sisters for instance that's the traditional name given to a mixed bag of squash corn and climbing beans the plants are growing together because they compliment each other so well. that is just. what the students get to see how planting a mixture of crops is much better for the environment and is also good for a healthy balanced diet. but you know that first and then they begin to understand that the farming sector generally needs to move away from the extreme forms of
monoculture we've seen and begin growing a wider crop mix. before everyone goes home the goats have to be fed. there are keepers who tend to be animals but the students like to do it themselves if they're able. to. and here biological diversity is a year round subject and. in winter when mostly indoors in the workshop this year we build a beehive and an insect. and there's always stuff to do like clearing out the animal boxes cleaning the yard giving the animal straw and hey it's definitely more fun than sitting behind a desk in class. the ducks and chickens would agree the students and teachers are proud that their unique lesson plan has won them international recognition and they're now an officially designated european eco school.
from school kids striving to protect the environment to injure me so young steve in tanzania cecille sugawara was so fed up with the used clothing that he developed a new business model he gives second hand clothes as a second life by turning them into completely new items he certainly doing his bit for the environment. in dar es salaam tanzania up to ten million tons of textiles are thrown away annually. the textiles are dumped in landfills. meaning they can harm the environment that's because many clothes are produced with toxic chemicals. she says struggle while
a collectors used clothes from his neighborhood. company remedy recycles used textiles. produces bags to shareholders and jackets. to give the products a colorful look they have looked to keep changing. the twenty one year old entrepreneur employs five tailors. using the staff each of them make fifty bags a week. bags cost between nine and eleven euro's. wants to reshape the textile industry in tanzania. if you want. to tell us about it. this is our website or send us
a tweet. or better. story. hey felicia how many pencils do you think you've already used up in your life to be honest i've never bothered to count but i'm sure you look right well and see you wouldn't believe it more than fourteen billion pencils are produced worldwide every year that's a lot of trees and has a major impact on the environment so kenyans come up with a clever idea they produce pens and pencils made out of recycled newspaper let's find out how all this magic works. businessman anthony kirori knows his local supplier is he often comes to pick up the old newspapers this time it's nearly three hundred fifty kilograms he pays about sixty three years for the whole his factory. about thirty kilometers outside the kenyan capital nairobi
and city founded his company green pencils on his family's land along with an old friend ivan or chang their ecologically friendly pencil business is a job creator and doesn't require more trees to be cut down most conventional pencils are made from the wood of old sitters. i think most. of us. but not. a lot of sense it took the true and electrical engineer about five years to develop the right formula for recycled paper pencil anthony came up with the concept when he worked as a waste collector. and the factory cut up sheets of newspaper glued around graphite sticks then a machine rose them up tightly creating the basic on a dawn pencil. the exact technique for finishing the newspaper pencil is
a company secret only the factory manager and her bosses know it. the partners themselves come to the factory each week to do the finishing work i sat and the nice part no i didn't chang is in charge of marketing and legal issues. there's a lot of disregard for intellectual property in africa. and in some parts of asia so we have to guard our secret because if we don't. do more somebody else will do the same thing and the man behind the not. over the last five years orders have been continually increasing last year the company's sales amounted to around one hundred thirty thousand schools and companies all the biggest customers during peak season the company employs fifty people to produce powerful million pencils in
the quiete months work is still has more potential than kenya ecofriendly pencil the figures as they stand slowly about one hundred and fifty million pass with a ported into the country so you can imagine if we only attain particle center of the market there's enough for everyone right here kenya's government agencies import about ten million pencils each yeah anthony heads to convince the government to consider using their recycled products i want to get into politics. and i think that i make it and once i make it my main task will be. i did this i didn't want to go and fight for the green space within government side that's connect and be one of the role models for the region within they stuff it got it done and maybe even africa concern for the
environment is something that you and to share aizen runs other businesses too but he says green pencils is closest to his heart this is the only planet that i know i can survive in so my small contribution is good enough because it was perception is everybody sits back and did my job or somebody else is going to save. this planet it's you with me heading back to nairobi the business partners stop its am called a successful kenyan salsa to personally make the first and it read that. from now on solar energy company will be enhancing its green creds with green pencils. so that's alas the story thank you very much for joining us i hope you have learned or at least experienced something new i'm finished and has me saying goodbye for now from johannesburg it's also time for me now type way to say farewell from
d.w.a. . her. name nineteen sixteen and i'm crying echoed around the world class. young people to build against the current generation. but it wasn't honestly dusty from the stupidity insistence fukushima's demanded nothing less than a whole society played maelstrom of concern the toilets with the vietnam war plane which the growth of the my generation watched the birth war every day. things were going to remember the most of the first time i had
a feeling of being part of something in. the seeds of civil rights the peace movement the women's movement what hope planned during this period. to sixty of. the global. this week g w. the contentious figure of. heroes in germany. from the front of the roman mill. to german reunification. and the end of the cold. war charles was one of the great heroes of the twentieth century. because the gorbachev of the last leader of the soviet union was an agent of change. quickly met his downfall. i had decided to resign my duties as president of the soviet union.
but she didn't want historical but i'm sure of one because of course. she continues to. and for world peace with the reminder that we have to comprehend where peace has taken us today there is a new arms race. the hour of time gorbachev and the opportunity for peace wasted starts oct third on d w. a. tropical storm florence continues to batter the united states southeast coast at least five people have been reported killed in accidents hundreds of thousands are without power police in north carolina have called looters breaking into evacuated homes florence is expected to dump rain across the weekend bringing floods to inland areas.