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tv   Eco Africa - The Environment Magazine  Deutsche Welle  September 15, 2018 4:30pm-5:01pm CEST

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minds. they make a commitment. they find solutions. they inspire. africa on the moon. stories of both people making a difference shaping their nation. and their continent. d.w. is a multimedia series for africa. dot com africa on the move. hello and welcome to the fresh edition of africa brought to you by tunnel t.v. the rights of it and i'm felice ens be here in south africa and i'm joined by my
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colleague in nigeria hello there everybody if you are interested in the environment and its issues from africa and europe and sit back and enjoy the next trying to six minutes or thereabouts here's what we have coming up on the show today. we went to zimbabwe where farmers are using methods that strips you and you drink from the soil. in germany school children are putting what they've learned from the classrooms about developmental protection into practice. and in kenya with visit us staff of the mixed eco friendly pencils and pens from recycled newspaper. first we had to zimbabwe after the land reforms many farmers there were unsure how to best work. many still practiced traditional methods such as slash and burn which as we know has a devastating effect on the environment one man with
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a lot of experience set up a foundation for farming to teach the rule farmers how to work according to environmentally friendly methods the results higher yields and better sought protection have a look. old habits die hard was in bad because from us. the damaged environment makes life bad for deep ploughing instead of making soil more subtle opposite. and pollution to reduce the negative impact for both families and environment brand old reefs look for cannot even catch or methods that could be solve this so instead . there's a blanket of the earth and you see a star studded from last year and this. just sort of
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been started from two years ago and that builds up and that's a protective blanket and the water to infiltrate and so your water table comes up and then the beatles and worms and ants in the system take that biomass on the surface into the soil which rehabilitates your whole structure which you destroy by prime. organization foundations for funding was founded after he lost his own farm doings in bobby's london foam back in two thousand instead of giving it he decided to share his expertise with other farmers its foundation teaches the basic principles of consolation agriculture and the best ways to optimize yields when using its methods a concept that also produces a lot of benefits for the farmers says i just have a yes. you're minimizing your production costs in terms of fuel you are minimizing your of this oil which normally comes from the plowing into the
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detector itself into this soil he also minimizing the loss of fall water in some nutrients the foundations walk has been tremendously successful . many small farmers who have employed brand briefs methods have consistently increased the size of their cereal crops. like seventy four year old my good year old son she found in a rural community outside harare for conservation farming has really paid off maybe small but high heels of high she doesn't plough she only digs small holes for seedlings. and years to have it so no more than three fifty kilogram bags of maize pussy's are in my field but after the training of the foundation i have listed ten bags from a quarter of an acre that's when they recognise the benefit of
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a to motivated me immensely and they never look back. when incisions generally last for a fortnight progress after twenty four must take part. they focused mainly on smart idea culture techniques the farmers are encouraged to cultivate had the grains that are drought resistant and competitions plays a key role. well reeves also convinces from us to use pro-gun expect lies are made out of natural materials like prisons. i win win situation for the family the environment and the soul no living structure you can touch and feel. i just know that life. beautiful. moving over to ghana now to check in on a young entrepreneur who builds houses cheaply and sustainably felicia this young
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lady uses another locally produced materials for houses right and it's called rand construction the idea of using mud as a building material is becoming more and more popular across west africa one major advantage is that even when it's hot outside the temperature inside the house stays constant so no need for expensive air conditioning but that's not all they've got going for them. the technique is called round construction has been formed into a wall. this new house has been built close to ghana scattered. using an old method common in africa now it's becoming popular in cities. clomid a year and joy and a sense founded the company in two thousand and sixteen they realize there's a demand for houses that have both affordable and eco friendly. you know country
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well even a continent where a lot of things are very sustainable we thought of ways that we can renewable natural resources to build with most homes and gone out they use you know some men and materials are important so we just for let's look to see what we can actually get to be able to mean. it's a mixture of sand gravel and clay it's just a little bit of cement added the idea is very old. our grandparents our forefathers were already living in models before this came up even the china wall was built with dot when you go to mali. the mali empire most of the buildings you see there are all build with. holes this is how the team builds a wall. they use different mud mixtures layered one over another that gives the house an interesting aesthetic there's
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a good exercise through you know. but all the walls are really solid enough. is just like a sedimentary rock we are mimicking the third dimension rock by deformed thousands of years. yes piling on top of each other over thousands of years but we are often in the process so. when false i shine the word green after some time is because it's like a manmade storm. the company has built four houses so far it started out with a little prototype building experimenting with different materials and techniques including using bricks made of around. this cafeteria in north and gone i was more ambitious and skill. this residential project is the biggest so far materials are cheap it's cost about one hundred fifty thousand u.s. dollars that's about one third less than the price was invention new building and
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there are more advantages you get very very good in indoor air quality. the walls are ten million salinity of the red glitter room temperature termites cannot eat it up it's proof due to the monolithic structure of the wall it hasn't got any water joints in them so when there's an egg recall that the ground shakes you don't get them collapsing and the fact that they can stand up better to earthquakes isn't the only flaw these buildings help save electricity the building foods cool you don't need the scenes even if you did you know those rules of the i mean that's what that's going to be minimal health to. sustain them by a moment to. reduce our carbon prints. the company's business is booming but a sin and have business partner given back to society is well ok think you are good
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to go we actually train the local people how to do construction so they also have a skill that they can use a bit at the end and also. if we need to get some more workers in last minute then we can always call people from the villages to come and help us out of construction work. with construction cost in thirty percent less than conventional building techniques. and creating a host of new jobs too high firth is helping to lay the foundations for a brighter future. sometimes it's hard to convince people of the need for environmental protection but well almost come up with a unique way of making children and teens more aware of the dangers posed by climate change and the need for conserving then vironment he creates superhero comic books that address the topic. well finds it worrying that most zambians think that climate change is a problem affecting others all reports are met up with him in the german city of
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berlin. considering the fact that the reading code to him from in zambia is really really bad people just don't really read books and sue if you would give somebody a book with pictures in it i think it's books their interest trying to create value this snow just about intertainment alone. this. street the majority of zambians think climate change is a foreign problem you know we really don't see that we get affected really easy when you talk about global warming so i believe. easily guided because if you put
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something in. there literally the next generation and the future generations come up to them and that's why i feel like it's important to educate and what better way than literature. i think a go. brings a different thing to the table if you look at comic books for example we see that many superhero is a male and this is conversations i keep going around even with the should we make more female character is what does this mean what does that stand for and if you follow my book you start to see that this character is not perfect life is miserable and she rises above all of that to save the world and fight climate change. it is a perfect way of getting a message through. his big it's diverse doesn't matter whether you make music it
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doesn't matter when they draw or make all mix. so the idea is to visit the schools first have simple question is for the kids after a few months go back to the schools the question is to see if the children actually learned about climate change. just the question is itself almost so creating the stuff like challenges for example they have a plan to cheat challenge it's more or less just the boat dialogue and being interactive and the comic books are just supposed to help us get the day a little grainy and so there's going to be a whole lot more coming next but i think people are already talking about it people are receiving warmly they love it and i believe it's going to grow.
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in our next report well you're about another way of getting young people interested in conservation a school in berlin has got a biodiversity to its curriculum what do you think they learned there in well felicia their learning house was she's inhabited i danger and what can be done to protect them but they don't just talk about it in the biology class those who finds ways to include aspects of biodiversity in every subject it requires a lot of effort on the part of the teachers the pupils and the parents hopefully it would inspire others to do the same. that summer vacation is over it's back to school. the first lesson is taking place out in the school garden. for these berlin students spades and pruning shears or is important for school those books and pens. i balance when other schools might do other kinds of things
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but here we start our garden on the farm and the animals it's really something special. but they don't just talk about it in the biology class the school finds ways to include aspects of biodiversity in every subject it requires a lot of effort on the part of the teachers the pupils and the parents hopefully it will inspire others to do the same. summer vacation is over it's back to school. and the first lesson is taking place out in the school garden . for these berlin students spades and pruning shears are as important for school as books and pens. i balance for mother schools my two other kinds of things but here we've got our garden on the farm and the animals it's really something special . plants and animals are an integral part of their education
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here the kids learn how an eco system functions. like garden waste lands next door at the schools farm yard. the forum has a number of residents including ducks pigs and chickens. then there is little the mule and the pony they graze in the schools former sports field . they're done lands on a compost heap and becomes their fertilizer they can be used for the next generation of plants. the school is gradually becoming surrounded with greenery the main building is pretty bare outside the playground up front as well but moved by the school to encourage biological diversity when germany launched the national strategy on biological diversity back in two thousand and seven the schools teachers got together and thought about ways to encourage the idea in
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lessons biological diversity now has a fixed place in the curriculum. you have each the same subjects as other schools we have art physics sports foreign languages. but we've also incorporated biological diversity into the school curriculum and as far as i know we're the only school in germany that does not. start sat down and thought about what we need to do. that's about the current situation in society and what we want to teach our students and they came up with their own curriculum. in the economics work in technology class students build wooden frames for the raised garden beds in math they measure and plan the beds they also grow specific plants they can be used in chemistry lessons and they learn how to turn some of the things that grow into products like herb vinegar or jam. but it's not just
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about practical skills they also learn about the advantages of diversity take the three sisters for instance that's the traditional name given to a mixed bag of squash corn and climbing beans the plants are grown together because they complement each other so well. that is just. what the students get to see how planting a mixture of crops is much better for the environment and is also good for a healthy balanced diet. you know especially and then they begin to understand that the farming sector generally needs to move away from the extreme forms of monoculture we've seen and begin growing a wider crop mix so we are commissioned. before everyone goes home the goats have to be fed. there are keepers who tend to be animals but the students like to do it themselves if they're able. to. and
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here biological diversity is a year round subject. in winter we're mostly indoors in the workshop this year we build a beehive and then insects. and there's always stuff to do like clearing out the animal boxes cleaning the yard giving the animal straw and hey it's definitely more fun than sitting behind the desk in class. the do. chicken's would agree the students and teachers are proud that their unique lesson plan has won them international recognition and they're now an officially designated european eco school. from schoolkids striving to protect the environment in germany so young students in tanzania. was so fed up with the used clothing that he developed a new business model he gives secondhand clothes as
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a second life by turning them into a completely new items he set me doing his bit. in dar es salaam tanzania up to ten million tons of textiles are thrown away annually . the textiles are dumped in landfills. meaning they can harm the environment and that's because many clothes are produced with toxic chemicals. see so subtle while the collectors used clothes from his neighborhood. his tanzanian company remedy recycles used textiles. his teeth produces bags tissue holders and jackets. and to give the products
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a colorful look they had local keating he text on. the twenty one year old entrepreneur employs five tailors. his aim is to have each of them make fifty bags a week. that cost between nine and eleven euro zone cecil wants to reshape the textile industry in tanzania. if you will also want to tell us about it. this is our web site or send us a tweet. or story. hey felicia how many pencils do you think you've already you're stopping your life to be honest i've never bothered to count but i'm sure it's a lot right well and you wouldn't believe it more than fourteen billion pencils are
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produced worldwide every year that's a lot of trees and it has a major impact on the environment so kenyans came up with a clever idea they produce pens and pencils made out of recycled newspaper let's find out how all this magic works. businessman anthony kirori knows his supply is he often comes to pick up the old newspapers this time it's nearly three hundred fifty kilograms he pays about sixty three years for the whole his factory is in about thirty kilometers outside the kenyan capital nairobi and city founded his company green pencils on his family's land along with an old friend ivan or chang ecologically friendly pencil business is a job creator and doesn't require more trees to be cut down most conventional
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pencils made from the wood of old sitters well that was about twenty i think like most of my so you got to tell us what are the years to make but not about the money to make a lot of sense it took the true and electrical engineer about five years to develop the right formula for recycled paper pencil anthony came up with the concept when he worked as a waste collect. and the factory cut up sheets of newspaper glued around graphite sticks then a machine rose them up tightly creating the basic unadorned pencil the exact technique for finishing the newspaper pencil is a company secret only the factory manager and her bosses know it the partners themselves come to the factory each week to do the finishing work and then it's part of the chang is in charge of marketing and legal issues.
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there's a lot of disregard for intellectual property in africa especially and in some parts of asia so we have to guard our secret because if we don't. do more somebody else will do the same thing and the man behind the not. over the last five years orders have been continually creasing last year the company's sales amounted to around one hundred thirty thousand schools and companies all the biggest customers during peak season the company employs fifty people to produce half a million pencils in the choir two months work is still has more potential than kenya eco friendly pencil the figures as they stand slowly about one hundred and fifty million passes i put it into the country so you can imagine if we only attain the to percent of the market there's enough for everyone right here kenya's
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government agencies import about ten million pencils each year anthony hopes to convince the government to consider using their recycled products i want to get into politics. and i think that unless i make it my main task will be. i did agree. to go and fight for the green spaces within government such that connect and be one of the role models for the region within they stuff and maybe even africa concern for the environment is something that true and to share aizen runs other businesses too but he says green pencils is closest to his heart this is the only planet that i know i can survive in so my small contribution is good enough because the west perception
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everybody sits back and imagine or somebody else is going to say. this planet it's you with me heading back to nairobi the business partners stop its am called a successful kenyan sunset to personally make the first and you read that. from now on the solar energy company will be enhancing its green creds with green pencils. so that's alas the story thank you very much for joining us i'll have learned or at least experienced something new i'm finished and as me saying goodbye for now from johannesburg it's also time for me now type way to say farewell from the fossil park in lagos but do be sure to check in with us on our social media platforms or africa website haven't i shriek see you next time.
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the body. the body. clock. the body. the bureau of human storage delivered browsing performances subsists and being comparable saillant combined with brilliant lyrics the bomb the man joined by great singers on stage and some rather good song legends the be. good concerts quick and easy small d. w. . o. goal for.
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the be. the big fun beethoven in. his work the goddess fortuna. the mushroom intrigue. the bomb twenty two. cliffs last time. the record of an incredible moment. it's a whole new world. in cyberspace streaming live lovesickness anything of the good and sexual frustration true i still have to get used to these robot noisiest exploring these different tastes in sex and love three point. six ten and twenty fifth on t.w. . the contentious figure at home. hero in germany. from the home of the woman. to german unification.
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and the end of the cold war. gorbachev was one of the great heroes of the twentieth century mikhail gorbachev the last leader of the soviet union was an agent of change quickly met his downfall i have decided to resign my duties as president of the soviet union. he continues to fight for world peace with the reminder but you know if you have to comprehend where this has taken us today there is a new arms race. the hour of time gorbachev and the opportunity for peace wasting starts october third on d w.
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this is d w news live from a trail of destruction tropical storm florence pummels the east coast of the united states and with gusting winds and heavy rains at least four people are dead and hundreds of needed rescuing the national hurricane center says the danger is far from over also coming up the strongest storm this year barreled.


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