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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  November 15, 2018 1:02am-1:30am CET

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to her breaks a draft agreement reached with the european union tomorrow she will try to do the same in parliament if her government can last that long tonight theresa may as british prime minister will break sit soon mean her exit and what about that agreement is it a done deal or a dead deal i'm burnt off in berlin this is the day. we have seen very clear that there will be a meaningful very serious house. breach is the prime minister's own red lines lisa is just a part as well as you could possibly be we oppose it being the promotional material will be amendable. anyway even though they haven't prepared seriously for the new deal and what you call these golden u.k. remaining we did in the customs union forever and a day so does the prime minister's still intend to put
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a false choice to parliament between a bunch deal or no jail now with making progress and close to a deal is going to end. it is that both sides of the house before he sees it must be heard but i think if you went out and off any member of the public when the government brings a deal back from europe what do you expect comments to those home i think they would expect politics on a good deal. also coming up tonight and in a country where there is no democracy young people are finding their own voice by wrapping. up and it's sort of the voice of a teenage as a young adult so you can think that contact. we can only talk amongst ourselves that we have no rights to speak out freely if you do speak your mind it will only be bad for the a south. and you can change anything anyway anyone.
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how they may die. or we begin the day with britain's prime minister theresa may getting her way today her cabinet said yes to her draft deal that maps out the country's divorce from the european union but this collective not it sounds that like it involved some hefty arm twisting that's according to sources close to the government went to marjory's m a goes to parliament hoping to get approval there as well of that's what she wants what she needs is solid government support and then it may take more than just some arm twisting well talk about that in a moment here's what the prime minister said earlier tonight just after her cabinet and given her the green lights on bricks. the cabinet has just had a long detailed and impassioned debate on the draft withdrawal agreement and the outline political declaration on our future relationship with the european union
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these documents were the result of thousands of hours of hard negotiation by u.k. officials a many many meetings which i and other ministers held with our e.u. counterparts i firmly believe that the draft withdrawal agreement was the best that could be negotiated and it was for the cabinet to decide whether to move on in the talks the choices before us were difficult particularly in relation to the northern ireland back story but the collective decision of cabinet was that the government should agree the draft withdrawal agreement and the outlined political declaration this is a decisive step which enables us to move on and finalize the deal in the days ahead . these decisions were not taken lightly but i believe it is a decision that is firmly in the national interest when you strip away the detail the choice before us is clear this deal which delivers on the votes of the
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referendum which brings about control of our money and borders and free movement protects jobs security and our union all leave with no deal all the all no bricks it at all. i know that there will be difficult days ahead this is a decision which will come under intense scrutiny and that is entirely as it should be and entirely understandable but the choice was this steel which enables us to take back control and to build a brighter future for our country all going back to square one with more division and more uncertainty and a failure to deliver on the referendum it's my job as prime minister to explain the decisions that the government has taken and i stand ready to do that beginning tomorrow with a statement in parliament. if i may and by just saying this. i believe that what i owe to this country is to take decisions that are in the
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national interest and i firmly believe with my head and my heart that this is a decision which is in the best interests of our in child united kingdom. with her head and her heart well the response from brussels came immediately the e.u. use chief negotiator michel barnier welcomed the draft breaks that agreement years part of what he had to say. no this agreement is a decisive crucial step in concluding these negotiations this negotiation has never been in my mind and never will be one against the. never i have always said that we negotiated with the united kingdom not against the
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united kingdom and in the respect of the sovereign choice the choice they made to leave the european union and tonight i said it's a crucial step. crucial for it let's talk about this crucial step and to do that our first guest tonight is an authority on briggs he's written several books about the u.k.'s exit from the e.u. including what has the e.u. ever done for us she spent several years as berlin correspondent for the times a british newspaper he is now the times washington editor and that is where he is this evening david charter david it's good to see you welcome back to the day let me get your response first of all to what has happened on ten downing street in just the last hours. thank you very much friends and i have to say it was always going to come to this it was always going to be between the two extremes of hard breaks at a no deal or at least somehow staying within the european union there was always
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going to be some kind of messy compromise in the middle which to reason my hopes will satisfy enough people to get through politicians from what we've seen of the deal and of course that instead limiting as we speak she has ploughed a fire oh that takes britain out of the european union as expected on march the twenty ninth it keeps britain in the customs union well beyond the leaving dates while the country sorts out its final end stage relationship with the european union and it is the details of that which will be pored over most closely just to see whether that is on the words of the brics it is a betrayal of brics it ties britain to play silly or isn't facts the best compromise possible in what is what is your assessment david i mean it does leave britain in the customs union so technically when teresa mayes says breaks it means
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brags that it really does it it does. well it leaves person in the customs union for the full seeable future the problem we've talked about this as as time has gone by there were three major questions to resolve the question of the money between what's britain will you as it leaves the question of the ability of british citizens and that their lives normally in the e.u. and e.u. citizens to live and work in the interests of those two seems to have been resolved such as such really was the third big sticking point question of the irish will it be new infrastructure to monitor customs and goods on the irish border that is continues to be the big problem and necessitates britain for now staying in the customs union to in all of a. while the final details of that arrangement are worked out nobody's worked it
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out yet and whether we'll not we brits and states closely in the customs union depends on getting a good solution to that question if we can resolve it by leaving the customs union that then the government will but will the price it's a six that. they sound like they would. there have been members of the. northern ireland party that is helping you to support the government have to resume a members going on record calling the deal of polling saying that it's british voters could read it they would reject it is well when you consider then what does that mean about the possibility of government not lasting what about the possibility of early elections. well the do you pay me does profit to reason is governments m.p.'s give. wafer thin majority in parliament so the question of whether she's is able to survive if she
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loses this the polls does now come into play if they are absolutely adamant that this deal does not satisfy them then the howard government is in crisis it could end up being a minority governments she could decide to try and govern without the support of the day you pay in a minority government that would come to a crisis point for example if she needed to pass big legislation that's not related like the budget in the d.p. refused the question is would they prepared be prepared to bring down the government in that case when they might get a labor government labor has said that it's commits it's a bricks it but it wants a different type of bricks it's the conservatives it's not one hundred percent clear how they would resolve the northern ireland this issue i don't know whether they would be prepared to risk a general election. chief negotiator mr bond was answer this evening what would be the use response if the u.k. parliament rejects this deal. so he didn't want to answer the question tonight i
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mean you were the authority on birds and more than anyone that i can think of what do you think would happen if parliament says no. there were two there were really two scenarios prince of parliament says no one is that britain has a catastrophic departure from that from the european union which it hasn't really prepared for and it has to fall back on existing agreements like the world trade organization rules which bring in quite high tariffs. many goods. between between the brits and outside and the european union on one side and would cause economic chaos the markets would go crazy. the other the other alternative is that the e.u. that has some kind of emergency extension of arrangements with britain which allows it to stay in while it forms a new governments to try and sort out the situation of the reason why it's
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government falling and perhaps having to call a general election and that would very much depend upon the powers in brussels and the european union powers to help britain avoid a hard break. so you were still remains to be seen if if that breaks it will indeed be avoided we will have to see david shorter joining us tonight from washington david thank you very much it's good to have your insights as always thank. you. what china is pushing back against claims that it could one day pose a security threat to the european union the foreign ministry spokeswoman in beijing today said that china quote has never posed any threat to europe or european leaders they might disagree with that especially french president macro and his comments last week about the need for a true european armies supported yesterday by the german chancellor have drawn
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criticism not only from china u.s. president trump launched a series of tweet attacks accusing macron of insulting the u.s. and it escalated yesterday when trump imply that macro and suggested the european army to divert attention from domestic problems truck tweeted the problem is that human well suffers from a very low approval rating in france twenty six percent and an unemployment rate of almost ten percent he has just tried to get on to another subject well a quick fact check here we reported yesterday that was misquoted now he said a european army is needed so that europe can defend itself without relying on the u.s. trump was reportedly made aware of the misquote last week in paris so what explains trump's tirade against macron this week in his two years as president so far trump
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has used his voice to criticize europe nato and the european union the alliance is considered to be america's closest and most important my next guest tonight says that trump is changing transatlantic ties in ways that will last long after his presidency julien smith was she should know during the obama administration she served as deputy national security adviser to vice president joseph biden she was also director of european and they'd a policy at the pentagon for the u.s. secretary of defense. there she is and tonight she is right here with me at the big table she is a fellow with the robert bosch academy here in berlin and julie's good to have you on the show there's a lot to talk about i'm going to. i mean where do we start where do we still where do we start and what do you say you know on this side of the pond what do you say when europeans ask you why is trump seemingly always complaining about europe well it seems that trump essentially always has two questions in his mind one he wants
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to ask our friends in europe what they're spending on defense are you and the european allies needing the target to spend two percent of g.d.p. on your defense that's a nato target that's first on its mind the second thing that's on his mind is what is our trade relationship look like and are there any imbalances there and essentially a lot of the europeans that have to answer those two questions don't answer them to his satisfaction so i think trumps right to get our european allies to try and spend more on defense and certainly we can talk about our trade relationship but what's different about donald trump is he is fundamentally calling into question the utility and value of the transatlantic relationship he is questioning it's a fundamental value to the national interest the united states we've never had a u.s. president do that and now that you're on this side of the pawn looking at things how do transatlantic ties appear to you i think they're in
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a pretty dire state i think there's frustration on both sides and i have a hard time right now identifying the positive transatlantic agenda so we know we're not going to work together on climate because of this administration's views about climate change we know we're not going to be able to work together on the iran nuclear deal because the president has decided to remove the united states from the j c p o n e we know that we're going to have disagreements over russia. and what to do about russian aggression and election interference of the united states and elsewhere and we're going to continue to have these trade disagreements where the u.s. has decided to move forward with the steel and aluminum terrorists so my question is what exactly does this administration want to work with europe on and what do europeans want to work with the united states on right now one thing we could be working on is china we could be having a dialogue about how we're going to cope with china's rise and increasing
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activities and that's not taking place is that it's not taking place you know it's one thing you see that donald trump calls into question the utility of the transatlantic alliance it is also how he calls it into question right indeed after we he tells europeans to you know to pay up or shut up right europe's never had to deal with that before yeah you know this is obviously twitter has added a new twist circularly the president's twitter feed is especially unique but there have been a lot of personal insults there's also been misinformation at one point he said crime is up in germany which is actually not terrorists but he's also called the european union a flow which is very unusual most fact all u.s. presidents before donald trump supported the european project and then there's been some very personal attacks on folks like ongo americal so it's a very different relationship it is it's an odd relationship. you've spent some
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time inside the white house and so maybe you can help us understand what's going on inside the white house particularly with the first lady u.s. first lady milady truck she has called for the deputy national security adviser mirror ricardo to be fired the recorder in the first lady we understand had several spats during the first lady's tour of africa recently and we want to just show you now the statement that was issued by stephanie grisham the first lady's spokeswoman if we can pull that up on the screen they released a statement saying that it is the position of the office of the first lady that she no longer deserves the honor of serving in this white house i mean that language right there the honor of serving what use happening inside the white house first ladies usually don't say anything about personal decisions either yeah so the first lady's office is in the east wing and of course i worked on foreign policy
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with the obama administration over in the west wing and those two wings often have very little to do with each other we leave each other to our own lanes and we don't try to get into one another's business or activities or mission in this case it's very very unusual i cannot think of an instance where we've had a first lady weigh in on a policy adviser but what's interesting about this is in my mind there's no position in the national security apparatus more important than the deputy national security adviser that person sets the agenda for the president much of the work goes on at that deputies level the number two at all of the agencies at the pentagon at the state department at the national security council so that's a critical position in this administration but unfortunately there seems to be a considerable amount of chaos inside the white house you you served under the vice pres. joe biden you know the biden's very well there has been
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a lot of chatter about biden possibly running for president in two thousand and twenty as he taught you about that i mean is he going to run i have no idea that will be a decision that he will certainly have to take in the months ahead. i feel very grateful that i had the chance to work for him and we'll see what happens if he were to run and when would would you answer a call to come back to the white house well we shall see i don't know if and when that will come to pass i'd be happy to work again for my old boss julian smith we certainly appreciate you taking the time to talk with us tonight good to see you thank you great to be here. for now we go to thailand where a rap song has touched a nerve with its fiery lyrics accusing the military government of being a dictatorship not-i authorities are not amused and police initially threatened legal action but they've since backed down the song was written by a collective coaling themselves rap against dictatorship and their you tube video
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has now surged past thirty four million views bussed in hard called up with a group in bangkok to talk about youth democracy and thailand's hunta rule. on the cell phones. in the streets in the cars. the beats of a rap song reverberating throughout thailand. but like that. but head to me or in english what my country has criticised this thailand's military government and the lack of freedom that you love me like i love but. the middle of . the day would mean. that you were in their country under a military dictatorship that has struck a chord especially among the young tides the song got more than twenty million
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clicks on you tube in just a week and. it's sort of a voice for teenagers for young adults who can think that contact. we can only talk amongst ourselves but we have no liberty or rights to speak out freely if you do speak your mind it will only be bad for yourself. and you can't change anything anyway. but at the last daring to speak out something the group rappers against dictatorship wanted to change that's why they wrote the technique but we think that anyone can use the phrase what my country's got the title of the song to speak out about whatever's on their mind what they think is the matter with our country and we hope that people will start being more critical when it comes to politics. speaking out against the powerful has never been without risk in thailand but since
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the latest military coup four years ago it's become even more dangerous. also for rappers against dictatorship the police had first declared they were investigating the group for a possible vial. lation of the so called computer crime act could get them five years in prison but what the announcement got the song was five million clicks into things the authorities have since backed down. the lyrics don't contain anything that insults anyone personally and that's why i never thought the song would draw attention from the authorities but when the police started talking about it that's really when it became so popular. on the outside thailand looks like a peaceful country. but there are deep divisions. time and again the country has been on the brink of civil war. for now the military government is
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keeping a lid on things but below the surface it's starting to heat up again. there haven't been elections in more than four years is scheduled for february but what will they be worth if society doesn't change. people should develop a critical mindset in their everyday lives. i think if that were the case there would actually be less conflict within society conflict happens when people don't accept that others have a different opinion. if we could get reach a compromise instead of fighting with those who don't share our opinion. that would be an important step towards a better future. to
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. make it. look like. getting out the truth the day is almost gone but as always the conversation continues online you'll find us on twitter either at g.w. news or you can write directly to me t.v. and don't forget to use. the day every member whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then everybody. will.
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