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tv   Doc Film - Kashmir - The Militarized Paradise  Deutsche Welle  January 4, 2019 4:15pm-5:01pm CET

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this place is more beautiful than heaven and is the benefactor of supreme bliss and happiness. the sense great poet wrote those words more than one thousand five hundred years ago to describe kashmir and a delicate plateau on the southern edge of the himalayas. but these images reveal a very different picture of kashmir. young people have taken to the streets against indian security forces locals view them as occupation troops.
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please. the conflict in kashmir began in one nine hundred forty seven when british india was divided into india and pakistan the hindu ruler of muslim majority kashmir chose to join india pakistan opposed the us. there were clashes between indian and pakistani troops and by nine hundred forty eight kashmir two was partitioned. the two sides fought again over kashmir in one thousand nine hundred sixty five and in one thousand nine hundred
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nine by the time the second conflict broke out both india and pakistan had acquired nuclear weapons. the majority muslim population of indian administered kashmir had long felt oppressed by the central government and now a resistance movement began to take shape. at first glance the region appears peaceful srinagar the state's summer capital is famous for its gardens lakes and architecture. the local residents are especially proud of their mosques they come here not only to pray but also to protest. many here consider indian troops terrorists in uniform.
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bikies me yesterday was a day of remembrance for our martyrs in mine but we couldn't have a ceremony because the authorities imposed a curfew. i'm really angry right now. merapi walker thought if i didn't have two young daughters i'd go out and fight. it maybe i will when they're older american the boss would it would monarchy already all over. indian troops have been deployed throughout so in a car and there are more than five hundred thousand in the entire state that's an unusually high concentration for such a small area. we are here during the muslim holy month of ramadan this should be a time of peace and reflection but instead there are violent clashes between local residents and the security forces.
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in the evening men gather at a mosque to mark the end of the day's fasting. the mood is tense. i'm sick of the provoke and get this is that what i did during ramadan the indian army is showing some restraint and that's good but overall the situation is a disaster and the troops have killed so many civilians. that that's and for every person who's killed ten more young people join the resistance movement that's the big guns and women and children would join as well because but there aren't enough weapons for them or what have you although that would be totally really. the heart of the resistance movement is located in this in conspicuous house in the city's old town district this is the headquarters of the kashmir liberation front.
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the organizations leader is yassin monic a former militant who now advocates a peaceful resolution of the kashmir conflict he's concerned about the recent surge in violence. so who's forcing views by. one of the armed struggle but is this really is what graham lost forty years we have not been able to go to the condolence but i need family we have been given this we are not being allowed any kind of political activity. where is the serious part of any spears little's did not that it was a little spears what political. duties. mannix role model is mahatma gandhi he hopes to achieve independence for kushner through nonviolent means manic married a pakistani woman seen in two thousand and nine they have a young daughter. and i had seen my daughter from last year and after that.
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because when you see the third. man you are not alone because he would not be allowed in the hold of the wherry in the me and you are certain and she did not. want you to know. lucia has stayed in pakistan and continues to campaign for an independent kashmir. my story just clicked with him that yes we have to do something in this short lifespan at least we should raise their voice for humanity the boy money can given up hope that the international community will support him. because i know you need to state. sturdy you can trust with india. you been different countries they have business interests with india. so people.
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right now i need to know who the world because we don't have the oil wealth we offer them the oil. so the state police people and we are getting geared you know we're doing is showing and you can serve us. we're now on our way to the university of kashmir in stringybark. this poster on earth an assistant professor mohammed rafi bot who was killed in may twenty thousand in a raid by security forces in southern kashmir. some reports say that god had joined a rebel group in the region just a few days before the professor but was widely respected by the university's faculty and students. because he has been the story not this department he had is
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a mere fungus place he had his beard d. from this place so there has been obviously as a member of the department sunderbans is very rare that. yes. around around threshold and every figure they remember. one report said that after but let's remind our he called his father and said i'm sorry if i have hurt you i'm going to meet. many students took bonds death especially hard. for your teacher is being gunned down and if if if he joins the resentment it affects your mental setup but there had been a certain incident i was studying at my college because back in two thousand and sixteen we had a contractual prophets and he was a really humble person and he was a very peace loving person he was taken away and he was beaten and he was beaten to
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death and his body was dumped near his home. this mosque is located in the back family's village about one hundred kilometers northwest of srinagar the slain professor's father abdulrahim arrives for midday prayers he's still mourning the loss of his son. the day before he was killed he woke up and went to work as usual. he'd already said goodbye. that afternoon he called and said he talked to me a little later sort of the next morning he called again and said that he was going to die as a martyr cordon over his group was surrounded by troops. he asked me to organize his funeral. my brother was an academic through and through. when someone is
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well educated as he becomes a radical it shows you how much people in kashmir are suffering but. at some point people just decide that they have to take action when. they sell things. such as he says it's just he's just another militant who is celebrated as a martyr is nassir ahmed pandit a police officer who became disillusioned with the status quo and joined the insurgents he was killed by security forces in twenty sixteen. and identified life is pre-determined he would be alone decides when you were born and when you die. even if i had done all i could to protect my son it would not have changed his fate as well so he was a special person. when he went off to join the rebels in made them stronger. he
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became a symbolic figure of the resistance the subsidies had. been going on pandit visits his son's grave he often meets people who have lost loved ones in the conflict. this cemetery is reserved for those who died in battle. we want kashmir to be like it was before nine hundred forty seven. we belong to central asia not south asia. we want india to understand that and give us back our independence as i say a majority. we asked some of these young men why so many kashmiris have joined the insurgents who don't get out much so. they join because they're fed up. all you have to do is take part in a protest and the authorities call you a terrorist so jerry to me live like idea. but who actually did our parents did
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nothing to change things but we've decided to take a stand you about even if we are killed in the process. this oppression has got to stop. two of my children were wounded in demonstrations one even lost and i was scared of what i'd do to you know what. the village of kareem about is considered a rebel stronghold you won't find indian security forces here. journalist job itself he has been following the situation closely for years the young people are really part of step with the conflict many young people who just taken these weapons their water in the conflict they have seen only often it's their militants are mostly homegrown they just soon as the reports from forces you know from police. and then they come through little repression from the already
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two members. on those rare occasions when the army is sent to karim a bond they've caused a lot of damage in one raid the troops destroyed a butcher's house and left him with nothing. sitting in it your child they took over the neighborhood and said they were looking for terrorists. you know we said there were no rebels here that i have good little nibble they tore my house apart their clothes yourself i had some cash hidden away and they found it and burned it now all my money is gone of business i'm ruined. and another incident has raised tensions here the gang rape and murder of an eight year old muslim girl
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a set of. posters demanding justice for the crime can be seen throughout the city. to highlight the work in the innocent lives of being destroyed miriam the she was so young when the sun is going out it was not just a crime against one person. it was a crime against all of humanity it's just shocking along the insanity. a sea of us family are nomads they live in a part of kashmir where most inhabitants are hindus. when the winter snow has melted they come down to these fields. a sci fi is buried here her mother says the family wasn't even allowed to give the child a proper burial. obligation if there the whole thing i think about to see for a lot but she was so bright and so pretty her hair shone like gold yet the people said she looked like a princess. i didn't mean a lot so how could anyone kill such
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a child and do it in such a cruel way through dad get a good that cynical gang. questions that have tormented a seat as parents since her body was found. the girl's father mohamed says hindus in this part of kashmir don't want any muslims living here he believes his daughter's murder was meant to send a message. but. the hindus who live in the valley are trying to drive us out so they killed my daughter they hate us they want to stop us from coming back next winter most of. the trial of eight men accused in the crime began in april. as parents could not attend because they had to stay home and look after their animals. why
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wasn't justice they did i want to see the bodies of the killers some audio but even if they should suffer as much as my daughter wanted to do then. the last time a sequel was seen alive she was tending the family's horses. a week later her body was discovered in a forest. police found samples of the girl's hair near this private hindu temple the temple priest was later arrested along with his son and a nephew four police officers were also charged in the crime. the priest's youngest daughter now looks after the temple. she denies that her father had anything to do with the murder. it didn't happen with a. look around. you can't hide
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a girl here certainly not for several days that. my father is innocent. but the evidence against the defendants was overwhelming the priest's nephew told police that his uncle had planned the crime for months in an attempt to scare muslims into leaving the area. investigators determined that the girl was raped by a police officer and a juvenile. the defendant's relatives and local hindu activists maintain that the suspects are innocent. yet oh boy when you went this is all a conspiracy that was cooked up by people who want to harm my father just going on your way why. don't you like. some hindus staged a hunger strike in solidarity with the defendants. it's not true that we don't want the muslims around. we have no problem with them and told. that
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this whole case is just an attempt to stir up on wrist a felony when you bought it that you didn't have. a c for us murder made headlines around the world there were demonstrations in daily mumbai and even london. protesters blamed prime minister narendra modi and hindu nationalists for. creating an environment that encouraged crimes against muslims. in april moti issued an executive order introducing the death penalty for child rapists. do something wrong is going on. i told you there and i'm going to stop they're going to force is not there what kind of idea how is it possible so that you don't have good although you know. you're not going to hire you not if i do have control over what do not believe that you love
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this yes gold insults as good as them is everyone so they go not very far and i. see first family and friends are still concerned about their safety they fear that they may be targeted by hindus. so. i don't dare go out alone anymore so. i used to take care of the horses like a safer did before they kidnapped. the nomads are afraid for their safety in the winter months which they spend in the valley where they feel they are hated because of their religion. and the whole of the human. being. that in and civil murder of these
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eight year old girl was killed and repartee and then people political elite in the game on this retreat with the indian national flag media and and show solidarity with the red states. yes in mali cops the case will at least serve to draw the world's attention to the kashmir conflict. but. do i did you know when we created a big. and. nobody would imagine. this. but the people. was the romanticism of the gentleman you need to german people this or this. we hope. from the german people because. they
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believe in justice which many people out of by doing what the just. evil. we're on our way now to visit the local office of the governing hindu nationalist b j p party. it's hardly surprising that security here is tight. a party spokesman blames the current tensions on neighboring pakistan. the kick russia being that what it's got out ok if they brought militants into kashmir to stir up trouble. they're trying to win for him and young people would go to. most kashmiris reject violence. when they also realise how much the new government is doing on their beyond market would it be going of medical what i did if you just look at all the new roads that we've built. things have definitely improved across
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the region or lynn dickey operate in good order here or something body. but these are hard times for kushner's tourism industry we're headed for the popular resort town of goma. we don't see a lot of tourist buses earlier this year a tourist was killed when some young people threw rocks at one of the buses. was doing about. all of that cost over the last twenty years but there have been a lot of demonstrations about it of. it's the government's job to protect tourists already here just been hard. question we're going to. come all tourists the kashmir. or hindus and muslims. but it's time for the tourists to put pressure on the government so that they finally give us independence a scared little bit we're. border for the border letters. those who do travel to
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the cool mark regev and are impressed by the picturesque mountain landscape. pony rides are also available but there aren't many tourists here today. but our business is bad. which. i don't think you'll get better anytime soon but the demonstrations and the army's response like getting worse. nobody cares about the tourism industry. things are really bad for us right now to see if. traditionally people have liked to come up into the mountains to escape the oppressive heat in the valley but times have changed.
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others are going on for the month of august. still we talked to some tourists who said they are glad they made the trip. lived up. like that. i was concerned because i heard that a tourist had been killed around here. i was in srinagar anyway as a student and i decided to come up here. there hasn't been any trouble by putting me yet to look at that about me but i think the people of kashmir should have the same rights as all other indians i've never experienced discrimination here i've even made friends with some of the locals don't need me like i was the good milligan. lives at an altitude of more than two thousand five hundred metres it's only one of many such resorts in kashmir.
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we're now headed for power gum on the way we passed by a famous shrine that contains the relics of a city muslim saint. near by a general strike is underway call to protest the policies of the indian government . when we go to. the people who. bash. the lie was obvious. because the very peacefully via video freak we don't feel here free we are occupied we feel occupied only now and then in out eventually we all business is occupied our demand mandela is occupied i want to help his art by.
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the mountain scenery grows more spectacular the higher we climb this particular route is popular with hindu kilogrammes. high up in the mountains there's a site dedicated to the hindu god shiva a number of temples lined the route sixty. six element of the other start of the year this temple is an important place for hindu pilgrims. i'm hindu myself i was born and raised here and studied in string of god. and i've never had any problems. i feel at home here but i hear.
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these pilgrims are performing a hindu ritual. they say that muslims have never given them any trouble. and happiness of look at their in the with lives of i think that muslims and hindus belong to the same family and it was some people are trying to start things up between us but that's not our tradition for a long time both groups live together in peace and here. i feel a close connection to most of my sister which is the reason why i had the them all hop of the. meanwhile these muslims have gathered for midday prayers. then it's time to go back to work. under the watchful eyes of indian troops.
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is a major resort town but today it's quiet. business is slow at this textile shop. devalued businesses are made up of you gun sales have nosedived because the tourists are staying away from my business and when my father ran the shock we did a lot of business but over the past several years things have gone downhill on that what i guess. the tension is palpable the result of the partition of kashmir more than seventy years ago. this garden complex was built by the move gulls who ruled most of india and pakistan in the sixteenth and seventeenth century it's based on a persian design that was poppy. at the time and features a number of pools canals and fountains. were going to.
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those loved luxury they didn't care that many of their subjects lived in poverty. in the garden they spared no expense when it came to building this complex. of the as well thought the we got to get used to hold celebrations here and sometimes things got pretty wild done sort of. aquatic ikea ya got. one of the last great rulers akbar gathered up kashmir's treasures and took them to his palace and bella. who never lived here to the our daily lives you have here ok sneery people protested and this was the start of local resistance to direct rule by the central government under
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for up was. a garden like this can bring joy to be inside or ghana a desert maybe or god but when their hearts are broken not even a wonderful garden. cricket among the holga your garden may be. muslim mosques are found throughout srinagar but the city is also home to other religious communities. this is the shrine is said by some to be the final resting place of jesus christ but there's no evidence to support the claim. there aren't many christians in kashmir less than one percent of the population many of them worship at the holy family catholic church. it made headlines in
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october twenty seventeen with its new bell. the old one was heavily damaged in an arson attack in one thousand nine hundred sixty seven. installed up to fifty years that wealth destroyed about the late fifty's nine hundred fifty s. and then the us destroyed the need to also be in solar recently lost a pole but all in all but. people from the. citizens of i'm going to do is lay give muslims. six and a few windows. eight but many local christians live in fear of attacks by other religious groups some was lums claim that christians are trying to convert them but father that account denies that and says violence here is political. and i
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am. here. the problem here is some of what a political data. from the coast in point of view but what i say it. the government the federal government if you don't mind it should be a. lot of these people. i mean. instead of spending modern army automorph to this place there should be a solution by. dialogue. you. need it a year and. we already know who did it i mean. people out of ready wit it would be peace loving on of it is
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hospitable. make it to the received. coming here. like elsewhere in india the favorite sport in kashmir is cricket the legacy of nearly a century of british rule. football is also popular especially among young women. not to need god is just nineteen but she's already a coach in fact she's kashmir's first female football coach but she grew up playing on boys teams and she's a big fan of ronaldo and messi she tells us how she got other local girls interested. in starting my many converse the parents didn't like the idea or soul but when they thought that i would corrupt their daughters and keep them away from their studies. looking fog then they saw that playing football gave the girls more confidence thugs out so they went along with the idea that there's
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a good order though but you know you got out there. and got a lot. yeah because if you actually you know. people think you buzzing some of these young women and even dream of a career in professional sports they say they'd be proud to play for their country's national team one day. that. i warned to play for india or to something different and hard to present something different so we don't have to mix them that's the biggest thing so there you go today's practice went off without a hitch. but that's not always been the case. disagree on that if the authorities declare another state of emergency in star nigga we won't be allowed to
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practice spectacle. that's why i've taught the girls some exercises that they can do is home to the ball to give up they can practice by themselves all with their brothers and sisters. i want them to stay in shape in forty five five you look at what are your thoughts make out how you. even convinced her older sister saudia to join the team. so dia was skeptical at first. boys played football at that back. playing at that time so. some men's and. full as she follows some thoughts also then after that i taught in my mind i also should play football because she had a very much in your mind as she got ready my day to mental so not only in the kashmir but also in the whole india.
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after football practice there's a session of martial arts training not the a once the girls to be able to defend themselves in the event of danger. ok look it's a lot more to get. after practice not just stops off at a local shop to pick up some clothes for dinner. by tradition of courtyard idea that. more than before the one. in the liberated on a little more. like most unmarried women in kashmir not yet still lives with her parents. the ramadan month of fasting is still underway no one here has had anything to eat or drink all day to neighbor children have arrived to share the evening meal.
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nadia is the most famous young woman in this part of town her critics have fallen silent. the war that. people now accept the fact that she plays and coaches football well ok but at first i got a lot of heat from the neighbors they didn't like her playing sports with boys this it it wouldn't thought but she worked hard and it's paid off. people now have a lot of respect for her room that there were. no walls that are difficult and i was with tough times for me those people used to talk about me behind my back the ice that they still do that but now they do it with respect because i become successful boss might. not be a sports career is just getting started. she feels she is on track to
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a bright future. meanwhile another team from kashmir has travelled to a special competition in the eastern city of part. the annual theater olympics are underway with groups of actors from all over the world taking part in the play presented by the group addresses the regional conflict between hindus and muslims. on. what they did that. was yes. yes he.
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covered. so everything depicted in the splay is what i have lived what i have seen the know what i am part of so i suffer. with my own people this is my duty towards my own people to bring their stories out bring their stories to people and talk about my life and my me and my and why i am being killed. because smear is performance is warmly received by the audience. i'm grateful for this insight into the suffering of the families and everyday life in kashmir that it was painful to watch but also instructive because. i understand the people of kashmir better now. the scene where the mother mourn her
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son was very touching. the play is critical of people who do nothing to stop the violence. after the performance we return to. talk and some of his actors gather on the famous zero bridge to rehearse the structure was recently rebuilt. there is no somewhere. there is no. there is no so they close the group the symbolism of the bridge is crossing over moving on to a new way of finding yourself finding a solution to a quagmire kind of a thing which we are stuck into and we need to take up these baby steps and cross
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the bridge and cross the bridge is also symbolic off taking things on over all on here one of the shadows off your wife's little are just your lips the sort you would my love for boston. all the actors are volunteers their goal is to print some peace to a troubled region. i have been very successful in taking someone out of for instance and that person is me when i was sixteen and eighteen and nineteen i would also do the same things because maybe my my perception was different at that time but out then i realize too to see your thing to take it to the world so-called civilized progress you need to take other forms so it's very important that people make films people who write books people do theatre and people who do art and that's also going to bring focus on the
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problem. and so the hope lives on that one day kashmir will once again be known for the singular beauty of its landscapes and the warmth of its friendly people. and not as a flashpoints that could be a paradise if only peace returned. it's one thousand nine hundred eighty seven top. pick up line checks out this may to put all the bands. with the favorites and the long shots. and of course plenty of exit. poll about the train to nineteen
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accusers kept on. going through ten minutes on t w. this is d w news larger from berlin to bring in our correspondent ophelia harms are british joins us from rio de janeiro we're going to find out what happens with music of the correspondent sandra it's not and we do have some of breaking news that's coming into us now and it's all about perspective closer. w. news thank you for joining us. a news analyst committed she's not seen belongs in the. cold so cold and shaking hands out the british consul boosts ahead but most. people have put big dreams on the big screen.
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and movie magazine on d w. this is the dubliners live from above and hundreds of german politicians and public figures fall victim to a massive and dates of breach documents private phone numbers and credit card details have been published on twitter we'll bring you the latest on this developing story also on the program aid agencies voiced concerns over the health of nearly fifty migrants stuck on ball to rescue ships off the coast of malta as
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european governments of refused to allow the vessels to dock despite requests from the european union.


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