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tv   Made in Germany - Megacities Mighty and monstrous  Deutsche Welle  February 20, 2019 1:30am-2:01am CET

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but misleading you have plenty to talk about here. is legal every weekend here so. if you ever have to cover up a murder best way is to make an accident raring to go. now to read a book like this. the truth list. the streets. do you ever feel like the walls are closing in if you live in a city they literally might be around the globe more people than ever before are flocking to urban centers where already limited space is getting tighter and more
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expensive megacities are bursting at the seams and so is the infrastructure that keeps them ticking landfills pile of higher and higher traffic jams get longer and longer there's an economic poles in the city where the majority of global growth comes from megacities mighty and monstrous that's our topic today on made thanks for joining us so with all these people go shoe box sized studio in hong kong sleeper van in san francisco if you view an apartment here in berlin expect hundreds of other applicants to show up as well so where does the city planner turn when affordable space grows tight that idea was already being tackled one hundred years ago by a german architect named walter gropius the founder of the bauhaus and the figures in the movement with him wanted to build apartments that were beautiful functional and affordable more than design and form the house was a show a social revolution that has had an enduring impact.
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coopt will urban high things look like in the future. good spaces and good light supply is tight and prices are soaring i foresee colorful cities but dense and high rice. badman design needs to be reinvented. we systematically question every time. designing affordable apartment is a new venture for architect hart building a complex of one hundred forty units in the german city of. good living space and attractive architecture for citizens with low incomes it was commissioned by the local authorities. until now designing single family homes for the wealthy has been his speciality but this is a new challenge clarity of line and form rectilinear
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a minimalist a static then lots of work has been inspired by the bauhaus. gendered and entirely new movement that's as relevant as ever to this day. what inspires us most is the clarity and the holistic approach of the bauhaus. a group of people came together to create something new in their teaching and in their practice ranging from skyscrapers to products to graphics every area of design. for the benefit of ordinary people. runs in their subsidized housing projects will be six euros fifty per square meter very moderate nowadays in a city like. but it's not only about being cheap. everybody has the right to good architecture and good design. germany lacks
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affordable housing experts estimate it would take well over a million units to meet demand and construction has lagged way behind rents are high and rising and says he's like munich. there was no queues housing shortage a century ago as well with math of overcrowding and terrible sanitary conditions in gloomy tenements as here in berlin. people often also worked in the spaces where they lived. the bauhaus movement was founded in one thousand nine hundred nineteen and soon came to champion a vision of society and design that was radically new even revolutionary it wanted to create good housing for everybody. to achieve that goal that developed standardize units and industrialized production to bring down costs. at the forefront of modernist architecture championed simple forms free of ornament large
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windows and light colors. it also pioneered prefabrication at the time it was simply not technically feasible to put together entire modules as opposed to money factoring single component. but that changed. the course for a company makes marshals for the construction industry. at its factory in holland for example it makes sixteen prefab units a day including flooring and windows. they'll be put together on site to make say kindergarten school or hospital this kind of construction can prove much faster than building in conventional ways. this is standard complaint used to be that this is somehow inferior to simple architectural inflexible but that really doesn't apply any longer we can do anything that
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conventional construction can do apart from circular but we could do that. for local authorities to create affordable housing construction costs have to be kept low. when an apartment in this complex in munich goes on the market has one hundred people apply the rent is ten euro is a month per square meter that's cheap for the city. the cars. actually designed by these three architects for munich's municipal hires in department as homes for people with average incomes their remit to build good has ng as cheaply as possible . the demand for accommodation is rising as job growth in the city continues. we're going to have to reflect on our expectations and requirements. how can we create high quality small apartments. and how small
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a small. this doesn't mean doing without generous bases we just have to minimize a little and get a little cleverer in design. unadorned for some standard windows the same layouts on each floor simplicity is key that's something that our house taught us well. but the comfort of those who live there also plays a central role in designing rooms that light and light at well you have all of. the challenges that space is limited and things are getting more expensive including browns. so we have to respond by using the space still available to us for affordable housing. because woman. is indeed at tall order a major challenge for housing authorities urban planners and architects buildings
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that are cheap and actually nice to live in. so every year some forty thousand people move here through the german capital of berlin and up with pressure on the job and real estate markets and places new stress on infrastructure like public transportation water or gas at the moment berlin has just over three point five million inhabitants it's just a tenth the size of one of the world's biggest cities tokyo the pressure on megacities like these are immense but so are the opportunities so how can it all be managed one answer could come from the growing data streams around us. big cities are more popular than ever they can be a modern habitat and a motor for economic growth fifty five percent of the world's population already lives in cities by two thousand and fifty that's expected to rise to seventy percent. more and more people are moving to the world's megacities megacities are
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urban centers with more than ten million residents back in one nine hundred fifty the only megacities were new york and tokyo today there are thirty three of them. megacities promise access to well paying jobs modern health care schools and universities. urbanization is stagnating in europe the world's biggest and most densely populated cities are in asia. but the fastest growth in urban populations is forecast for africa. an example of explosive urbanization is lagos' in nigeria one of the fastest growing cities in the world. and here the problems of rapid growth are impossible to oversee living space in crowded urban centers become scarce hence expensive worldwide twenty five percent of city dwellers already live in informal settlements or slums. in these
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neighborhoods often have unreliable or nonexistent supplies of drinking water or electricity another problem inadequate waste disposal and sewage systems and roads and transportation systems in fast growing cities are chronically congested. infrastructure just can't keep pace with the growth of megacities. city planners want to solve these problems with the help of electric vehicles and renewable power sources they hope to make cities smarter and better networked by collecting more data about the residents. when do they travel to work when does the garbage get put out when do parking spaces free up. it all has to become more efficient. and urban agriculture can move food production into cities as well but what happens to the countryside will entire regions soon be different we didn't
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have a chance neglected. maybe that's a good thing finally an opportunity for nature to recover. those megacities grow they create mega amounts of trash and it can't just be pushed to the immediate outskirts of the city because cities everywhere are expanding all the time the world already produces over a billion tons of garbage year and that's projected to double in the next ten years so what happens when more waste is concentrated within a city perimeter my colleague ben physical and took a look at how a very prominent corner of berlin is dealing with just this challenge. growth and prosperity can have a certain smell about them. the makers cities of the future will have to manage waste differently unless they want peace on their doorsteps. but then found a solution a long time ago that bought some
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a plus one of the city's main plazas. it's been through a large europe's busiest intersection the berlin wall cut into the end europe's biggest construction site the perfect opportunity to dig deep. this is where the wall used to split east from west nowadays thanks to the waste management firm alba it's all about up stairs where life goes on and downstairs where the dirty work happens i'm here to meet the lord of the underworld. he will shortz first i've got to find him. it's a giant labyrinth down here. sure five kilometers of service tunnels for the offices hotels in theaters about i've never seen anything like it. and seen an unsung hero choice for the one hundred thousand daily visitors to put some accounts . out all their lives for years by stars like lady gaga during the war ceremonies.
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but i was looking for actually it's. the ice cream that. he is the guy who helped plan his place a visionary he came up with the concept in the ninety's. and i'm sure. he says the set up is one of a kind that would make cities whole livable. the people seven stories above us produce eight tons of trash a day. separating plastic from organic is still a major challenge for so many people when they throw away their rubbish but the manual task of separating all the gunk from junk is worth it nothing goes to waste these leftovers of pureed the fat siphoned off for using cosmetics the water removed for treatment all that's left a tiny little flakes sent off to
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a bio gas plant to create energy. six thousand for the dehydration machine saves a six thousand kilometers of unnecessary transportation with ten berman every year instead of fifteen thousand containers we only have to transport five thousand fighters in other words we reduce the garbage in our cost by two thirds. and that in a country often stuck in analog. because it is the that is are scanned this is the system knows which ones belong to which customers then they're build and it's all logged and of the biggest. then there are the silver been. they detained since it is data for shredding company secrets that want to see the light of day. what's not a secret is that the global population is booming it could reach ten billion by two thousand and fifty but the projections show the mountains of waste will grow even faster. modern underground ways. management is he solution and in
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the future robots because i did take him deliveries and removing waste is tricky we want to start sending robots through the service tunnels to do differently ming at night she can spend you get a lot of musicals ya know there's a lot of interest from abroad especially from big cities they all take a good look around and want to use this as a model for what they're building this takes the burden off the environment to being underground there's no noise pollution from the wind and the streets around clogged life is better above as usual and that is this it is of the future looks likely as well to get the digitized underground everything service from below and the vibrance of life above. the sea is not the vibrance of life he's talking about but this is the way so many cities operate leaving the rest of the planet to drown in its own waste. and i cities grow bigger they also have to grow more
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efficient and trash collection as we just saw but also on public transport energy delivery water treatment you name it and that's why more and more urban centers are turning to digital platforms where settings for all of these services can increasingly be tailored to real time data the so-called smart city is more than just a blueprint in taiwan it's already in the works and it's all being powered by electronic currency. cities around the world are growing at an unprecedented pace. almost half a billion people are expected to move from the countryside to the cities over the next few decades my question on a monumental scale and one that involves monumental challenges. has come up with an idea to meet some of the challenges he's the co-founder of the successful cryptocurrency iota sheet or wants to use iota of technology to let
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machines in urban areas communicate with each other and turn megacities into smart cities. so the city of the future is obviously fully automatic where we have to sensors and actuators that are actually interacting with each other because the biggest problem that we have today is we have all of these different data side us where data is not being exchanged and through that we don't really have a smart environment and a city of the future stephanus smart network right where these different actors and machines and also human start exchanging data were to each other and then make decisions based on that data. created in twenty fifteen iota and now has a workforce of ninety people worldwide domenichino has developed algorithms that enable large quantities of data to be processed rapidly the major applications for yoder definiteness machine economy right so where for example the car now has a wallet and the car now can start paying smart infrastructure which includes an extra communicant charging or toll stations or. paying for data buying data from
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other machines and so on and so forth one city that is already making use of this technology is typing in feb twenty seventh teen iotas signed a partnership agreement with the taiwanese capital. interesting thing about taiwan is that they are very open to new innovations so they also want to provide an environment where it can explore your technology very contested all right and so the city came to us and they wanted to partner with us smarts it is of great interest to us because there is true r.t. environment berber contest different use cases from different sectors writers energy is mobility its supply chain. the we know sharing project is also geared up to this large city it has several thousand electric scooters available across taipei that are reserved and paid for by and the aim is to reduce noise and pollution. to taipei authorities also have a joint venture with the supermarket chain to improve convenience for food shoppers
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the mini's support over twenty cashless payment systems from credit cards to. markdowns course they're open twenty four seven. and in taipei self-service smart technology has now expanded to include garbage recycling the i trash machines automatically process cans and bottles while issuing credit to the disposer it can be used for a bus or train ticket the further incentive for residents to recycle the future is going to be a kind of mess where news machines around us make our lives easier and research tells us your neighbors off this future because there's the inherent business model behind it right so i want to pay the machine to do do a certain service for me and this is payment can only happen through this open network and is open crypto currency right so that the machines can actually accept my currency and i can dip in machine and i can pay the machine for the service. and communicate with each other by the foundation of tomorrow's smart urban centers
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there are some concerns about the security of the new technologies but there's no question they'll play a major role in the city's future. what would modern cities be without elevators a lot closer to the ground that's for sure but that's not an option for the mega-cities of the future which won't build outs but up german firm to syncrude hopes to be at the forefront of the latest developments by completely rethinking the humble left among its developments a mag lev elevator that can go higher than any of its traditional counterparts and moves sideways as well sounds pretty cool doesn't it take a look. the way skyscrapers a bill to set to change dramatically to get a sneak preview i went to a new elevator testing tower in southern germany. at two hundred forty six meters it's the tallest in the world. the tao is great news for engineer marcos yet or he can now finally test his state of the art maglev elevators. the
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idea of developing a cable this elevator has been around for a. century but we are now taking this step and breaking new ground where that other elevator manufacturers would also be keen to have this kind of system. than down we head in one of four elevators this one works with cables. it feels a little like freefall it takes thirty seconds it could go faster but that has a drawback. we are we will be eight meters a second do you feel it in your ears compensating for the air pressure the whole time is there a speed limit. was is and there is no limit as such it's more a question of comfort for passengers. no elevators to stand at speeds faster than ten meters per second this kind of to. just because it hurts this year second
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herd so where are the maglev elevators it's community income the store approaching the core of the tower which contains the shafts for testing our new elevators qualifies even though they've been twenty years in development unlike conventional models they function without weights or cables. the elevator cabin sits on a kind of slide that travels along to guide rails. the rails essentially do the same thing a cable does in conventional lifts power generates a mobile magnetic field that propels the cabin in the planned direction. the cabin can also travel sideways. what's called the exchanger sets it on the horizontal track. i'm not allowed to take a ride the engineers are still waiting for safety approval that should happen in
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about two years time. if there's a sudden power outage the brakes immediately grab the guide rails cooking the cabin in place. the system would open up entirely new possibilities for architects every day and major skyscrapers thousands of people need transport. one idea is to link several skyscrapers together with horizontal elements then passengers will be able to travel in a circle. because they don't require cables or weights maglev elevators can also travel much higher than conventional designs that's why you have turned his team are testing the elevators for use in new buildings and brand new markets you're. using this cable a system we want to go beyond the limits posed by today's conventional elevators we want to go far beyond three hundred or six hundred meters up we're shooting for the thousand meter range of. the test tower built by star architect how modi'in is
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really striking the company spent money on it for a reason it's also an elevator showroom for its clients. but lots of people want to visit the viewing platform. tickets cost nine euros two hundred thousand visitors come every year. they are knowing and can use them as guinea pigs. as if we don't experiment with our visitors and they don't get in the way at all we've managed to combine the functions we've organized it very well with the visitors like those you see here today we can get on with our work just fine with them here. on the way up my stomach drops into my shoes. in the elevators here have special dimensions and weights. the towel specially built in order to test them. it took ten months to
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construct the building shelf it went up at the rate of several meters a day. it contains a dozen test shafts offices and a visitor's platform. the exterior of the tower is covered with the translucent textile skin to cut down on the amount of sway when the wind is high. for many visits. just riding the elevator is experience enough but marcos yes i would also like to finally earn money selling the modern elevator systems. it won't be long the first maglev elevator is slated for installation in a skyscraper in palin in two years' time. as cities grow so will the innovations that make them cleaner more connected and ultimately more livable but will we actually make communities out of these cities or grow more and more anonymous the people who live right next door that's the bigger question so check in on your neighbor once in
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a while and ask how it's going and that's it for made this week we look forward to seeing you know next time until then take care.
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his creations world famous. his brand unmistakable. karl lagerfeld icon of the fashion world. who was the person behind the perfect staging. private moments in the life of
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a great fashion designer remembering karl lagerfeld. fifteen minutes on d w. the virus is back the death toll from the poll is rising rapidly in the democratic republic of congo. the world health organization fears it could become an epidemic. a group struggling to contain the outbreak are hampered by various problems in the country. know they're pinning their hopes on new vaccine. three thousand. ninety minutes on d w. we make up over three four times over half of the end of the g five so we ought to the civil service and. the want to shape the continent's future to. be part of enjoying african youngsters as they share their stories their dreams and
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their messages are spreading like wildfire the social media spectacle is critical to the boat and thousands of. the car bomb on. the streets and they are women who are changing the moral to. digital. marketing. legend redesign the car lagerfeld has died lagerfeld who was creative director at chanel is reported to have been unwell for weeks born in germany he forged a successful career in the paris fashion houses eventually launching his own brand he was eighty five years old.


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