tv Doc Film Deutsche Welle June 6, 2019 11:15am-12:01pm CEST
the foreign minister is that this was the 1st step towards liberating europe and liberating germany from nazi rule from nazi tara that is a perception that has developed over the last few decades obviously directly after the war most germans i imagine would have felt that it was simply a very humiliating defeat but over the years it has been. emphasized that germany suffered under nazi rule and in fact one has to say they were followers and sands of thousands of germans that died here on normandy beaches the beaches that we're looking at today and many of those would have died fighting for a cause that they didn't believe in fighting for. being forced into a situation that they didn't really want to be in so in some sense. you know germany is able to take into account the holidays that the sacrifices that were made on the beaches of normandy were also meant for germany made for the germans
that were liberated from nazi terror i want to point out this point about the german war dead that there's no clear number about exactly how many germans died somewhere between 4009000 during the initial days of the normandy invasion correct well i don't mean that the numbers are very very unclear there are tens of thousands if not hundreds of thousands that have died that died eventually in the in the last and the few months after. that invasion started. you know there are graves german military graves there as well and in fact in some of these cemeteries that we're looking at today they are not only. also german graves in those trials and it was 2004 before the 1st the 1st german was invited to d.-day commemorations that was. what happened between
19052004 what kind of shift went on that made that possible that a german chancellor could appear at the d.-day commemorations but i think you have to say there are 2 aspects to that one is a german internal aspect and that's what i've just been talking about that germany has after the war. develop a culture against militarism a culture where all germans still today feel quite a lot of shame about what happened what nazi germany cause in those years the world wars those millions of did for the world and that got to something that started from german soil is. a sin in the sense that she germany in some sense can never become considered a national sex and it's something that is central to modern german states that such an event such a crime could never again be started on german soil so the whole german state in
a sense a setup and in that way and that has made obviously. the allied forces a lot easier because germany admits its guilt in the sense the other thing that happened was german unity. in 940 strongly by then president george w. then you couldn't have invited to germany's to the celebrations you couldn't have invited only the west german head of state or head of government to the celebrations so i really think that german jews unity and having a chance of a united germany was one of the prerequisites for their making this possible obviously the 1st german chancellor of germany unity was head would call and there were discussions for him to attend one of these celebrations which happened every 5 years it was difficult for family reasons very critical for some reasons one of his brothers died in normandy on the fields and he did not feel that it was appropriate for him in that personal situation actually to attend such
a place like remind our viewers we're getting these live images from the commemoration of vance at full view where the american cemetery is emmanuel this is american cemetery has 2 very famous songs an american president f.d.r. franklin delano. roosevelt the sitting president met in the oval office during the invasion. can you tell us something about roosevelt songs and told you yes to some of his votes. there quentin was both was a 20 year old pilot shot dead by the chairman's in champagne during world war one and the 2nd song was the army general with his men went to rennes 1st dropped during d. day theodore roosevelt jr who died of a heart attack not on the spot a few weeks later aged 56 and president trampy this to 2 to stop the graves of.
those. 2 persons a cemetery in colleville east resting place of 9388 u.s. soldiers who are buried there there's another couple of famous famous isolde is buried there the 9 and brothers 2 of the 49 and grow the brothers of preston and robert they are the ones we inspired to movie saving private ryan so that's. perhaps a reference. that would resonate with younger generations and just because as far as the u.s. is are involved as always very quick part of drawn with hollywood they were also be illiterate and whole and how they were at this ceremony today in many ways. the sons of a very famous wartime president was remembered by many americans and as a matter of fact president trump. intoned invoke the prayer that
f.d.r. . issued to the nation spoke to the nation over radio back then on the day of the invasion asking god to. be behind the soldiers as they are. stormed the beaches to as he put it in the prayer from the afternoon roosevelt the president back then at the roosevelt put it to save civilization our religion and our freedom. looking at the dignitaries arriving by helicopter and of course some of the most. important dignitaries are the 2 main individuals are waiting for a president call and u.s. president donald trump to give those addresses mainly to the veterans they are the individuals who are being remembered commemorated and thanked for their service or
their sacrifice 75 years ago the french president and his wife are arriving there. among the well what notes what tone do you think a president or krown will be wanting to strike today at this important commemoration aside his american ally. i think it's going to be very solemn just as it was your own research reason why. it was very important for french president to mount on the contras so highlight the rule of french resistance to facilitate the operations during the day just to give you an idea. of figures like there's almost $300000.00 personnel on board of ships that were deployed on d.-day amongst which only $177.00 french those soldiers they were part of the commander key for and they landed on surge that's something that the french presenting on the call we want to highlight during the day too out to day 2 of
those come immigrations and today of course what's really important for him these 2 highlights a. good relationship he has with president trump has to nurture. nurturing that relationship happening right now. very warm welcome the french president his wife given to the president and his pals there the 1st lady as they prepare to make their address to gather together better and. what do you think about president trump what what notes and what tone as he did to strike today. the white house has in fact released a couple of sentences from his from his statement that he's expected to make today and they are very respectful of the american veterans and they're also they are respectful of the meaning of this invasion that happened of these events that happened for the international. coalition for the allies and for the international
. trend presidents from sticks to his speech sticks to the text of his speech then i think we can expect him simply to on the both the americans and the french and the british and the others that participated in in these events and to honor their memory until all of the achievement that they made possible through many many of them through their sacrifice sacrifices and through the engagement in this in this invasion of course with president trump one never knows it's possible that for some reason he may. go off script and say things that are unexpected but at the moment if one looks at his record for the last couple of days in london for instance with the queen and theresa may. you has been very respectful of the situation the money all the d.-day commemorations are usually followed very closely in the united states have
a high level of viewership how is this being observed in and france are a lot of people. glued to their t.v. sets watching staying to what what's the perception in france of this event and and how to people relate to it honestly i would say it is not a fun audacities in the united states however there is an awareness. this is a day that was crucial to our history and to all regaining the freedom from to nazi oppressors so it is a very important day in france it's so so particularly important this time around because we see they're probably the last. the last time to direct witnesses off the conflict who are there to tell younger generations what happens and so we're really at a crossroads between history and memory and politics and that is really important to such ceremonies very important to bring forward for
a younger generations for them to understand where their freedom. comes from and from where. frida you wrote. comes from there's a history memory in politics coming together on this day commemorating the veterans of the 2 presidents are shaking hands with right now some of the survivors of that day on the beaches of normandy ralph rather sorry what kind of coverage is this about getting here and john paul well this is being broadcast live not only on this station which is not an fact in germany but the stations in germany but the picture is not visible in germany normally but they are several stations in germany that are brought costing as life with in fact was started yesterday already with attending those ceremonies in london there has been a lot of broad costs and reports in the newspapers and so on about the historical
don mentions all of this very very detailed reports about all this invasion develop what happened on the. 1st few days which beachheads occupied 1st and so on so there has been really a lot of attention on this and i think part of that is the background of that is that one has this feeling that we are as a man who was saying at a crucial crossroads in european history and that this kind of history this kind of foundation of europe that we have today reminds of us of what we have what it was about what they are no question about that announcement when you look at the commentary the analysis of how this event is being framed much of it has to do with the questions or the pressure the multilateralism is under right now absolutely absolutely and i think one has to say for instance that the queen in her speech a couple of days ago. also mentioned the importance of all the international organizations
that emerged from the 2nd world war and starting with the united nations for instance and here in europe of course with the european union and the nato alliance all of these have been crucial pillars of international of the international woulda . and all of these are in some sense questioned by people such as the u.s. president on notrump. but also by many of the populist politicians that are gaining ground in europe and elsewhere in the world we're seeing the president right now very much in his element greeting veterans shaking hands with them recognizing them which is on salute a number of the older veterans there nato is something though that president trump hasn't been particularly supportive of but certainly at a moment like this when he sees the strength of the alliance in its history he must be certainly conscious that this is a valuable institution one would imagine so yes and i think as i was saying in the
remarks that have been published of his anticipated speech he does. point to the value of the international. prison prompts had the feeling that nato has been much too dependent on american money especially has been pushing to. especially germany i think to spend more money then military. in order to strengthen nato and president trump has threatened to be to withdraw from nato. these threats have not been turned into reality so far has been stopped from doing that but there certainly is a lot of tension in this transatlantic relationship that we are celebrating through these commemorations today across the relationship certainly isn't the same as it was 75 years ago over the past so many decades. nato was a late joiner of france has joined the nato alliance rather late in the game in the
1960 s. and at day one when we're looking at the 2 presidents here affirming the importance of the military by celebrating the veterans. what's the view of nato in france is it considered a very crucial. institution the way it is in germany we're going to listen in here for a 2nd before we get to that answer the commemoration of vance starting their view. it. is.
not. just. the military honor guard we're seeing there representing all the services involved in the invasion of 75 years ago the various branches of the military not just the army of the navy but also the u.s. coast guard all the branches of the american military there that served in this the mentors of the 75 years ago.
army europe command chaplain colonel timothy mallard. without him and the us did. the napalm when you me that also have to focus on them and they can sense in their own hearts now going and then. almighty god lord of hosts sacred to us is the memory of our fallen and the sacrifices of our veterans on these waters shores fields and skies and thus we humbly ask for your holy presence here today in the ceremony. for many nations their sacrifice or doubt and blood courage and even death to secure liberty for your and slaved children and to smash tyranny remains our moral touchstone. for so great an act of love we pray that you will grant them eternal peace and their families lasting comfort by their courage on d.-day and afterwards we also
pray that you will challenge us to love freedom more than comfort privilege or even life itself and that without thought of cost or reward we also will recommit ourselves to defend life liberty and the pursuit of the common good no matter the cost though we are resolute in our request so god we know we cannot achieve this without your divine blessing and guidance and so lead us as our shepherd even if it be again through the valley of the shadow of death towards the green pastures of peaceful freedom all this we ask o. father of mercy in the holy name amen. the.
president and the. president and mr trump distinguished guests ladies and gentlemen welcome to normandy american cemetery and the morial in colleville service. for the commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the d.-day landings on 6 june 1944. today we honor and commemorate. the 9388 interred here the 1557 names on the wall of the missing and all of our world war 2
veterans. this you know place you don't know that michael and this is a place you know my then and then to miss it have a president of he said and then since you never do seem to have any counting on the so man what i couldn't monsoon just doesn't tend him and you have to. use your i mean that's an accountant or how do you know i'm going to. look at what he said i.q. who is also due or me something else like one said we don't know what i mean. and see that today what i thought it is him telling us. ladies and gentlemen please be seated and he it was i saw. ladies and gentleman the secretary of the american battle monuments commission william mess.
our honored dead who traveled to these now peaceful and how low grounds to bear witness to the valor and the sacrifice of their family heroes resting here. to the. and to the more than 160 world war 2 veterans seated here and on this stage who need no reminders of the horrors of war and who remember well their comrades who never came home.
and there not all monuments commission folks is to commemorate and honor the service and sacrifice of united states armed forces we do so by tending the graves and the memorials of our fallen servicemen and women who are read and memorialized at $26.00 american cemeteries around the world we do so also by preserving the stories the stories of their deeds and the endeavors of those that fought at their side courageous actions that bequeath the blessings of freedom to generations yet unborn. 75 years ago this very morning and yards simply yards from where each of you are sitting a generation of young american men joined by french british canadian and other
allied actions nation's brothers in arms did the unthinkable and accomplish the impossible these men came ashore and fought against tyranny and a massive undertaking unparalleled in human history it was archibald macleish the world war one veteran who wrote these words in his poem the young dead soldiers. they say we were young we have die remember us they say we leave you our deaths give them their meaning. so many gave us their deaths it is for us our children for generations to come to give them their meaning so our presence here today it is beautiful and inspirational cemetery does just that for the very character of a country can be determined by the way it takes care of its work did and is
a measure of its very heart and soul to the more than 9000 americans who sleep here so i don't lee we give our promise and we will not forget each year that we gather here and everywhere they fought and fell are still grateful hearts are filled by what they did 75 years ago this morning. we shall remember you as when you were reverently lovingly placed in this hallowed ground to them and to the world war 2 veterans with us here today and in spirit around the world your service your sacrifice will have meaning so long as those who follow you hold high the torch of freedom that you kept burning through history's darkest hours strengthened by their courage artin by their valor borne by their memory let us continue to stand for the ideals for which they lived and died and so today i welcome you as we pause for
a brief moment to remember and to rededicate our efforts to the promise of our commissions 1st chairman general the army's john j. pershing that time will not in the glory of their deeds thank you. to the president of the republic of france and well. since you even heard michael president there are people say. this should proceed on it it doesn't need any share another time. mr to convert all you did not come our share video on made a mr 70 you can
get to the 6 june 1944 last night the past and more shallow image were not only troubled by the melody. and the rough crushing away. depleted for a few hours earlier the. general eisenhower wrought his famous let's assume somebody more than 1200 son of your the 5700 freight ships you know you did we can only start again hanks on landing design some fruity following on the heels of the $25.00 the one sailed on the wards the solid body i love the light hearted way of run along the foo point called operation overlord military style of piccadilly circus the knowledge is in the media the. tens of thousands of soldiers . who took to the sea lay nothing but massive. by the glowing months from the ship and the full moon. divorce is rather
ahead of these soldiers above all know they're not going to lay the dread of the unknown you could read your eyes and react if they had learned the purpose of their mission you know this in assume that destination. oh my heart you know is fraud and gold beach so named come out on the word shrouded in uncertainty certain security only those who a few months earlier taken to heart or elicit pieces of the landings perhaps had an idea of what was to come a difficult battle. which would certainly claim the lives of many. tens of thousands of soldiers on draft or volunteers. most with the 20 years old people don't and yet you don't want.
to resume their days of youth seem to fall behind the been far to go rolling hills of pennsylvania kentucky or new jersey for their school years where they had learned a trade has not existed many had never had a chance to exalt from the grueling training letter began in the mountains of georgia and continue as operational bolero cross them across the atlantic to the south of england in what bessie far from the months spent among the british people waiting for an operation of which they knew nothing new or girls and far from the worried faces of their parents when they left home is overwhelming if you can fall from the emotional goodbyes to their fire and the aunt says not to don't. on the only gunas you know of it they wrote as they left the english shores viewed by candlelight or the flickering flame of the cigarette lighter one last heartbreaking letter. leaving what was running through their minds asian draw
the lines of these young people frozen by the waters of the north sea. who knows you nipping it there's the thought of the seals are unfathomable we cannot plunge the minds of the human being on play but what resonates still 75 years later is that incredible courage and generosity you have is a lot coming from severely the fortitude of this that carried them towards their destiny. that fortitude taken on thousands of miles from home to provide assistance to men and women are whom they did not know to free a learned point to prepare me fate had never set foot. with no other common person a cause that they knew was greater than themselves the cause of liberty and democracy and old today.
france has not forgotten that. france has not forgotten little those fighters to whom we owe the right to live in freedom and we have not forgotten the 135000 american british and canadian soldiers but by belgium luxembourg dutch norwegian danish polish czechoslovak. french. landed on the 6th of june on the beaches of normandy and for ever changed the course of history in europe and the world france has not forgotten the thousands of paratroopers who just a few hours earlier had been dropped behind the line and with the support of the french resistance fighters who would take hold of strategic bridges roads and railway lines and your vow take over from their brothers in arms who made it out
alive from the emerald shorts crimsoned by the shed blood france has not forgotten the 2000000 soldiers. so. i'm going to be very who at the end of this longest day would continue fighting long for weeks to free the towns and villages of normandy and would go through the hell of a combat in the normandy countryside which was even more treacherous than the combat on the beaches on the heart of my country on behalf of brands i bow down before their bravery. if you see my bow down before the immense sacrifice of the 37000 killed the 19000 reported missing who died as heroes in normandy between june and august 1944 and 42 and for many were to rest there for eternity. you know i bow down to out that transmit and i
equals and they died for our freedom they are your brothers in arms they are those who you then sent hines attempted to save. you volunteered to take part in the 2nd omaha wave. on the 6th of june you put yourself at great risk to remove the wounded from the beach under the hail of charm under fire. the brothers in arms with whom you poor worth fought from the sale of the harp each. night through to the wire loon reach on a bell and shown on the way participating in the battle of karen town and the of raunch breakthrough that would free the brittany reach and your brothers in arms draw all those who you dear charles juror accompany it through the treacherous normandy the
countryside is going to you who fought nonstop. from the 7th of june through to the 8th of july it was only a little brothers in arms who accompany to for some to the arden region luxembourg and even the countryside of czechoslovakia only for those brothers in arms. who saved to stanley friday when you were wounded twice in the sun low region and then in the and then it was on and who gave you the strength to have to part any to combat until you cross the rhine river where you took part in the liberation of the concentration camps and saw the faces of the survivors and the faces of the executioners alike and maybe then the criticism in the wrong moment truth of that moment you understood what you were fighting for. your brothers in arms hold of you too how old terence you worked 1st as a radio operator and then you deliberately decided to go to france to lead military
operations in normandy france italy and in the rhine region instant defense and hines dear poor dear child dear stanley friday dear how our old terence all could result in recognition of your unwavering. for france to regain its freedom i will in just a food few minutes a war to the order of the knights of the legion on donna. you know the legion of honor is the highest distinction awarded by the french republic commands your extraordinary action with your courage your contribution to the liberation of our country. it is
a way for the french nation to say once again and 75 years later that we know what we owe to the united states of america and america the united states of america did donald trump their president to go on which is never greater bob all it done when it is fighting for the freedom of others the united states of america that is never greater than when it shows it found its loyalty to the universal values that the founding fathers defended when nearly 2 and a half centuries ago money on france came to support its independence made with what we owe you more. than rude normal proved we owe you more miss you so deserve what we owe you
although 3 fourths of thousands of civilians who lost their lives and who i have not forgotten we owe more to medals and war that is really what we owe you is to show ourselves worthy of the heritage of peace that you have left us. that worthy of the promise of normandy. being worthy of the promise of normandy means never forgetting that free peoples defeat when they join forces can sum out any adversity so true against barbarism it would never have been possible without the decisive support of the united stout's without the millions of committed men and women without the support of the american people and american industry is really. on the beaches of the channel in the green normandy countryside and the highest levels of the military. the armed forces were united the allied forces were united for it is because the royal air force assisted the
canadian in country because the french resistance fighters opened up the line with celebrity they are normandy and elsewhere to the united states armed forces in decisive moments of the battle australians people from new zealand denmark and norwegian and navy officers and dutch arrived in the interminable battle of the fellas get up the polish tanks made all the difference and it's because of that this wild gamble to free europe from the nazis hold by way of the sea could be won we shall never cease to perpetuate the alliance of free peoples this is if you really want that is what the fixed tourist sites did. to the capital. and mediately after the germans and the japanese surrendered only when they created the united nations that is what the united states did when it created the north atlantic
treaty organization feel that is war and a few years later. leaders of europe did. their no hope of bringing about the european union. the normandy france. and wishes to continue to support this promise of normandy understand its purpose so this is what we owe what we owe to our homeland what we owe to countries that share the same values what we owed to democracy and liberty. the lessons of coleville so many. liberty and democracy are inseparable america's young americans died here will be they died for their country and they died for the freedom of the world
they knew that if it's almost surely the french who died on the same beaches by their side for the liberation of their country so certainly but they also fell on a struggle so that their nation once this task completed would to rediscover its tradition of liberty we need to be true to their memory by and to do that so good that we must never. sacrifice what we must never renounce what their sacrifice united of the promise of normandy will be supported by france with all its might i promise this will be true to the case american very and this is the heart of america's destiny to place you don't need them a president of the united states of america ladies and gentlemen. all along the roads of farms reaches from cotton time to share from shared water as on from