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tv   Shift  Deutsche Welle  August 12, 2019 2:02am-2:16am CEST

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but things look a lot different there than elsewhere facebook and google are blocked for example what's the internet like behind the chinese fire wall i want topic today. most of the world uses products from google apple facebook and amazon or. but not china there are 3 homegrown tech giants dominate the industry they're called by do . and handsome also known as b. 80 in china but i do replaces google. for e-commerce and tencent is more popular than facebook is here but that's not all. but i do smell service instead of google maps where you go instead of twitter and we chat instead of. in china separate providers for almost every online service available in the west
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but they're far more than just copied. in many fields like live streaming. and online payment chinese providers have become global leader in 10 years stockman is a professor at the hattie school of governance in berlin and an expert on china's digital trends she says uses play a big role in these developments main difference between chinese users and european users that chinese internet users a fast adopters so when there is a new platform they will immediately go and try it out. we chat alone has more than $1000000000.00 users a month. pay is the leading mobile payment service it works in supermarkets and at restaurants hardly anyone uses cash in china anymore uses can even but dr appointments. is like this without it getting around in china. isn't easy.
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social media platforms like we chat for example emphasize less the distribution of information more social network so we chat was invented as a means to develop what's called in china. social connection. video streaming services are especially popular in china. instead of future and their flicks tencent video. and your crew are popular platforms for short videos that last around 15 seconds are flooded with $800000000.00 visitors each month the current market leader is pipe dance with a program. outside of china we know it as to talk. another innovation to video streaming is on the platform user comments are displayed live as the video plays. things are trending more and
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more towards live streaming the market leader who counts 25000000 active users every month and the company takes uses supervision very seriously with the help of ai more than 1000 schuman contemn managers monitor streams for violations they look for pornography depictions of violence and calls to violence but smoking on screen or showing last could also get your account blocked the tiny state has started much earlier than u.s. based and european platforms to develop a vast institutional infrastructure in order to control and censor content in the west this is called clinton moderation in china they call it content management but china doesn't stop at moderating content it's created an enormous fire wall to shield its users from the rest of the digital world this
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comes in handy for many chinese path forms because it eliminates foreign competition but it also makes it easier to silence uncomfortable opinions how does it all work it is basically a huge huge vast either net connection that is connected by a very few servers to the global internet and. because all traffic has to go through these servers the chinese government is able to block certain content in china foreign websites are mostly inaccessible when the content is seen as not conforming to chinese government regulations their ip addresses are simply blocked but a place to google the most you search engine in the world as well as the user administered online encyclopedia we can p.d.f. and even websites. chinese online services are usually censored before they even reach the public show chang is familiar with this
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phenomenon is a human rights activist and editor in chief of the china digital times the advantage of those chinese companies are the promise of the government they have a compasses to to censor and control on line contents so they will not they will listen to the government or they will actually preemptively deleting lot of the contents before the internet police even take a look the messaging up we can use algorithms to prevent the transfer of photos in real time. kind of his university of toronto citizen lab found this out the image of an empty chair commemorating a dead human rights activist simply doesn't go through to chat partners in china. so if a lot of pictures to share with a friend it's immediately compared to a database if it raises concern there the picture is simply not sent the whole
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process is completely automated with image recognition software while it's technically fascinating the socio political consequences are terrifying she was young says online censorship has massively increased under general secretary xi jinping now the chinese internet it's much more a politically quiet place. it's still commercially very vibrant culturally still full of activities innovations. in the last of its political action intense of a lens has all but politically silenced china's internet but the government is not satisfied with just blocking and filtering out on one of the opinions it also keeps looking for new ways to use technology to its advantage the communist party of china has its own and it's been especially successful. digital politics the communist party of china keeps citizens in line with the little red
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app in the beginning of 2019 she jungle which means as much as study to make the nation strong was the most downloaded app in china even more than we chat and do you mean. the propaganda tools spreads the views of the general secretary of the communist party. uses must register with a telephone number and their real names in order to study political articles to comment little puzzles. coupons and prizes just like in mobile games hong kong activists joshua one is critical of the way millions of chinese people are directly manipulated in this way he says the voluntary civic education platform is a surveillance tool. and it shows how. it. ideology there we go muslim minority in northwest china they are being
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monitored very closely. it's like a testing ground for total states available police officers into what's called the integrated joint operation form the program collects extensive personal data and flags individuals who appear potentially dangerous the organization should. when rights watch analyzed the program on its surface most of this information works like standard fare for police but as we dig deeper into the hour we can see that ordinary routine riegel behavior is being treated by authorities as suspect the data gathered in citizens is shockingly comprehensive and includes information ranging from religious affiliations and driver's licenses to employment records it even gathers data on residential energy consumption movement patterns filmed by the ever present surveillance cameras if something appears out of the ordinary
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consequences can be devastating for example it's helped single out detain approximately 1000000 people from the week are minority. recent studies show that the state is not only monitoring residents but also foreigners who end of the country by land at the border police install an app on their smartphones that scans contacts images videos and voice messages for certain key words there are 73000 terms steve suspicious even the picture of a mosque could raise eyebrows and other chinese regions surveillance is not as massive here the internet can also polls a great opportunity this is possible in theory as long as you stick to certain rules. one way to start online discussions and spread news is way about it's similar to twitter and is china's largest micro blogging platform when they use wave or they're using it as a means to. come out with news stories that then often are picked up and go
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viral and they're picked up by market based media and then funneled into the center of public discourse one example is a discussion of a working hours that the founders of the startup dimension of kicked off they developed encryption software but on the sign they engage in the fight against the heavy workload in the tech industry. the so-called 996 phenomenon working from 9 in the morning till 9 in the evening 6 days a week is a violation of chinese labor laws. they also speak with successful businessmen like ali baba founded jacques mom who compares work to love. despite all this it's very important to them to not be perceived as political activists here's what they had to say in an interview the 1st question he asked me is are you aware of just. why this.
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i know. despite various areas online political debate is possible in china to a certain extent. chinese internet users are incredibly politically active and they can criticize policies specifically leaders becomes more sensitive because as soon as you mention a specific person by name topics become more sensitive and if you organize collective action chances are that your information your messages will be removed. when we look at the internet behind china's fire wall we get a glimpse into the future there's live streaming and mobile payment but there's also reaching surveillance and heavy state control users and platforms alike are quick to censor themselves to avoid sanctions this makes a free and open democratic discussion practically impossible behind china's firewall the internet culture and economy surprisingly dynamic vibrant and diverse
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but personally the prize i'd have to pay for that would be too high for me what do you guys think that was on you tube facebook and e.w. dot com that's all for today take care and see you next time. your dream international talk shows it's been a tumultuous week in german politics in europe resolved bitter divisions over migration the government it is said into the abyss could friendly fire from president trump defeat one of the strongest military alliances in history one of my guests have to say on quadriga. on d w.
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it's not easy to go to another country you know nothing about why i don't do this because we can't stay in venezuela. closely global news that matters d.w. made for mines. they are thin though they are of i'm doing something social and i'm very proud of it. says came in a series is from mexico which is poor now he's living in germany which is rich he's volunteering at an addiction treatment center in villefort. led that the german government voluntary exchange program made it possible. for the world.

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