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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  August 12, 2019 5:30am-6:01am CEST

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you know your attack series of baghdad. like tracy and me i love to show what a certain looks like the south sweats like me slides a 5050 story. and 53 personal tips. on g.w. . welcome to global 3000. divers recently thought they discovered a new reef in the mediterranean but what appeared to be bright colorful corals were in fact mountains of plastic waste swaying in the currents. humans have put their
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stamp on the planet and it's not always been a pretty one a report from the united nations says biodiversity is declining at a dangerous rate more than a 1000000 species could soon become extinct. there's almost no place on earth that's been spared from human activity not even the poles or remote mountains such as in the kurdish region of northern iraq it's one of the world's most conflict ridden areas borders drawn after world war one left the kurdish region straddling 4 states turkey syria iraq and iran. this is resulted in uprisings of violence and wars that still continue today. most recently against so-called islamic state over the decades millions of people have been displaced some fled to isolated mountain areas. kurdistan's wildlife has also been badly. acted
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many species are now endangered but there is new hope in the current dark region of northern iraq thanks to dedicated conservationists. summer temperatures can exceed 40 degrees celsius here in the karratha in the kurdistan region of iraq. that's why biologist hanna rosin and her colleague corner a shout out like to get an early start they're looking for traces of the biggest predator here a leopard that's considered the spirit of the karada. and they look great at the flagship species so it's very important it's on top predator so it's on top of the food chain. the persian leopard is virtually invisible people who live here in the mountains of colorado know with the leopard of the furry few have ever seen it. even hanna rosin who's been working and doing research here for years now has never encountered a leopard in the wild that's why they use camera traps. so
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this is the wild growth. and we get a lot of pictures of them on our camera trials which is a good. indicator of the prey and a bit availability for the person on the upper end this is one of the reasons why we get a person like production right. it seems this morning we've got a lot of pictures of mammals different mammal species and also a lot of birds we have. the wild goat. we have. the gray wolf jackal fox wild cats. the leopards have to compete with wolves for their prey and occasionally other leopards but persian leopards have become very rare in these mountains so this leopard is their 1st photographic record of the persian leopard for iraq that we
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had. and this through this we disagree discover the persian leopard in 2011. this one is a new individual that we discovered in kind of in 2017 and this way we know for sure that we have 3 adults leopards living in rome in these mountains. worldwide the population of persian leopards is estimated at less than $1300.00 the graceful yet ferocious big cat is listed as endangered. the conservationists climb the steep rocky terrain as often as possible they haven't given up hope of spotting a leopard on one of the other cliffs this is its main hunting ground. this is a typical habitat for the love birds the. normally prepares oak forest. area so they do is when they hunt they normally sit on a tree or under
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a tree looking out over looking in what is going on there and then when they look at a prey they jump down the mountain it's easier for them because they're so powerful and they jump so high and once they're lucky to get the prey they drag it. on to a tree and then that's where they eat it. the fate of the persian leopard is dependent on its habitat. for decades of war violence and human migration in iraq have left their mark on both people and animals here. at the strength of the law. be compared to this strength of human beings especially kurt who with stuart a lot of conflicts and unrest in our region. my family his family freedom fighters those who fought against saddam hussein and so i was born
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in the mountains while my parents were actually fighting against the regime and my connection with nature and the mountains goes that long and knife so that as i grew up there my parents fought for the mountains but now there is nothing to see on the mountains so i am striving to see life back again on the mountains like this mountain with and there is no coming to. for years now has been negotiating with iraqi. protected area in. her efforts seem to have paid off. $2300.00 hectares of mountainous terrain are to be designated a nature reserve for the leopards. the locals have to be convinced as well years of unrest have forced people to leave so there aren't many left and the younger generation often look for jobs in the big cities but i'm mohammad sadly stayed. while but for me the leopard is
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a kind of natural heritage i'd like to see more of them in these mountains. the new nature reserve is also meant to attract tourists a much needed source of income. a tourist lodge is currently being built with the support of the international union for conservation of nature. i understand that a lot of people wouldn't expect that this you know iraq is for vacation and for having fun but actually i can promise that this region is very safe but the 1st visitors are not the guests they were hoping for oil reserves are believed to be situated along the border of the protected area even though the oil company is considering ways to support the reserve drilling would nevertheless be inevitable. after half an hour the unwelcome visitors leave my personal thinking is that oil and oil exploration is one of the biggest negative
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impact on the environment and no matter how much they try it would still live big footprint on the environment. the isolation of the mountains and the kurdistan region is the best protection for iraq's leopards. only if the area is left untouched. does the spirit of the character have a chance. my vision for this future and especially the conservation of wildlife particularly is to have a network of protected areas established for our region to have more prosperity and to have more peace for the local people and local communities that live around them and also for the wildlife.
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this week's global ideas is also about species protection the number of insects worldwide has fallen drastically agriculture takes a big share of the blame our reporter mabel good luck went to morocco to find out about a research project that hopes to benefit farmers and insects. these cari and their flowers attract a lot of insects researcher stephanie christman is delighted to see them after all they're essential for pollination here morocco though many simply view insects as pests now a scheme designed to educate farmers about the need to protect them has been introduced simply planting strips of wild flowers as is often done in germany isn't the best solution here. right now as true as a project maybe for rich countries but it's not scalable to know why middle income countries so we decided to. middle income country
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whereas a well developed agricultural sector like mark will. develop a model of for those then double and scalable. in here in morocco and then thanks to the other countries. unlike other common insect protection plans the focus here is on enabling farmers to generate an income from everything they grow. farming with alternative pollinators or if up for short is the name of the plan it works like this 3 quarters of the land is used to grow the main crops like eggplant for example cultivated around it are plants that attract more insects because of their colors shapes and when they're in bloom the farmer can also sell them. as a control there are fields in which only the main crop grows that way the researchers can assess the effectiveness of the intervention. is
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a ph d. student on christmas team will be killed. here she's collecting insect samples that will later be examined in the lab when it comes to protecting pollinators she says economic arguments are just as important as environmental ones. if only about maintaining. fully nature and they would not be interested but if we talk about increasing. weekend conservative nature then they will be. the best approach to. provide all those things for the farmers. stephanie christman works at an institute in the moroccan capital rabat it was here that she developed up she says the consequences of global insect disappearance could be dramatic such as loss of food crops soil erosion and even human migration. when my get into
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a world which is not peaceful anymore. in all areas because everybody will be affected and i think we have to start thinking on pollinator laws and on pollinator protection. also in terms of keeping global peace. the thousands of samples she collects help scientists gain an overview of insect populations. within for example to this one yeah this is amazing to be. the mason because they will make. above ground the researchers have been studying feeding and breeding behavior they've also shown farmers how to spot insect nast's we did interviews with families they don't recognize them last year so for there's we have to go through the field and to show them that yes there are make them and seeing their lands
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and their fields are with their i have a part in that and so when they have a large amount of like kilometers of cereal field and from the point of view of the wild bunny nature this is a so hot here. and they cannot cross as we cannot cross by foot. wheat doesn't need insects to reproduce so the bumble bees are lucky if they find any flowers in the vast fields especially since unlike honeybees they can't fly very fine. one problem is the growing tendency toward monoculture in morocco as the country modernizes culture. a government agency is cooperating with the fact. it says the insect protection model can easily be integrated into the country's agricultural planning. to pull up i think
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fuck all the inclusion of wild pollinators in our great culture fits in perfectly with the ministries current strategy. it involves making our culture more intelligent in the face of climate change and. they might seek. agriculture in the face of climate change the agency now offers training based on the fact model farmers learn that plants that rely on pollinators usually consume less water than wheat for example that's useful to know because in the future water will be even scarce or that. we cannot train the families know what to do in 2050 but we can educate them in a way that they are able to respond to the reality they will have and sustaining pollinate as well that. increase the class climate change resilience of their life and the long lot of it they get from paul and i do protection the better. farmers
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as insect protectors based on the current data the model seems to be working yeah so let's take in that the painting. here live in very very good condition very. the farmers make more profit from the areas with more pollinator friendly plants and this is the 2nd year that mohammed chokri has been farming using the fat method . that has been our income has increased and with it our lives have improved. we benefit from it we can sell more. previously we only sold wheat vegetables and pulses. a little now i know that i can grow different products. as well as other vegetables besides the traditional ones. they're going to get. creamed wants to use the method on
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a much bigger field in the future and if other countries adopt the fact model the impact on insect populations could be significant. coral reefs cover an area of around 600000 square kilometers worldwide they grow almost exclusively in warm tropical seas the reefs are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet with $60000.00 species discovered there so far including thousands of different fish the reefs may be home to up to a 1000000 animal species. but rising sea temperatures are causing what's known as coral bleaching with fatal consequences. fishing harms biodiversity too and garbage poisons the marine life in the reef turning things around is a big challenge. why. it's
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breathtaking views he believes is paradise on earth or at least that's how it looks . to get back. but the country's most prized possession lies under water the incredible biodiversity of it 7000 year old coral reef the 2nd largest in the world where reef was dying but is now gradually being brought back to life many fernon is one of those fighting on its behalf she can't think of a more wonderful job she says even as a child the 25 year old knew she'd one day become a safer of reefs what i feel like when i go to work it's like this when they call me and say all right we're going to go do this laughing work here go check the corals here or whatever it is i am like alright let's do this let's let's wrap this
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let's wrap today. in the coastal village of plus 10 c. a local survive on fishing and tourism both of which depend on the reef. you know i come on this trip many times many it is and i say man i am so blessed and i look at everything that i am that is in front of me and i think i hope one day this doesn't become a memory. beneath the surface it's clear why the reef is struggling the corals have been dying off the sea water is too warm too acidic and a frequent cycle and have wreaked havoc here and climate change is turning everything gray. together with marine biologist lisa current on her organization of fragments of hope monique is rebuilding the corals. were overdue and so there's no time to waste right now on the roads are basically like the forest in the seas so just like the trees in the forest provide
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a habitat and shelter for so many other animals the corals do the same on the reef . very meticulously after much research and careful selection they take a few fragments of some especially hard to quit rowing corals then they plant them in new places it's called micro fragmenting 1st the corals are caught into small pieces. and. these are the fragments of hope and time is of the essence. the divers plant the small pieces of living coral among the dead ones. several times a week they place the coral pieces in prepared cement as they need a secure foundation. this leaves a good i don't work but it's for the for the for the future and that's all that matters. no rain to 80 percent of the fragments survive these ones have been
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growing for 18 months life is returning and attracting more life with this as a school of sardines for example the fish needs the corals. which have been leslie is a fisherman like his father and grandfather before him and his son is set to follow in his footsteps evan watches the pelican it shows him where his bait will go and look for you which for a few years when i started fishing my dad. this is much more. than also sees himself as a reef protector he'd never use large fishing nets for example they kill too many animals and corals. you know i have a who do if we all have been officially was there. you know. reaches them but there's the fishes that if they don't have that i have the fishes in these corals and stuff like that the growth of. that len is dedication to
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fishing for staying up late not everyone is he protects the crayfish just like the queen conch it's not yet fishing season. though is not so forgiving when the fire fish this. fish is that little rock there for that group the core of. the believe government has now divided the reef into zones in order to protect us you can only fish in your own area to allow a species to recover that's what edwin is committed to. get across to the future is not going to be here for a cute little. servos much as possible the future will be beautiful. hedlund was among those pushing pressure on the governments that is when it handed out exploration licenses to oil companies images of the catastrophic oil spill in the gulf of mexico in 2010 shocks many here into action atlan helped organize
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petitions the u.n. supported the campaign only then did the government backed down and. trading more oil plugs that. one little oil spill and of warre for. the people of belize are fighting for their. money to take stock of the farm to coral she'll soon find new homes for. the reprotect there's work is financed by project money and donations they kindly show us the result of 8 years of work coral cover has increased from just 6 percent to over 50 percent. of all the hard work that's worth this the reef has been able to recoup race. this is not solving the climate change traces all this is is a little bit and they would bind us some time for the coastal community people here i say it's all about political will i think we can do this if we have all if we
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have the people behind us we can do this. a long day draws to a close and lynn sells his daily catch to a fish restaurant from the sea fresh to the place. now many coral has to take firm enough holes that it can withstand any storm that comes its way. once again our reporters were invited to take a glimpse inside one of the world's living rooms this time in india.
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says my husband's head and that although. we live in this beautiful place home and one day and we have somehow find found best of friends and a. confidant. and i think the war and the love and the trust we have for. why this painting it's so special to me. there with chaos all around it is there is anger this hatred but good cop he's gone and he was in a field and i love that about this painting so no matter how much chaos you have
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a night you can all that is fine have been. so this measure is one of the pieces that i've managed to carry over from my childhood. both home there's a belonged to my mother my father had but she is dead like 60 years back and to bring this here and to look into this matter that somehow managed to steal those moment even keep it with me. thank you so much for coming. to what may come our humble aboard. i wish this meeting could have been longer
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but we wish you have to if we wish. and you wish we can feel again. that's it for global 3000 this week we'd love to hear from you e-mail us at global 3000 i did dot com or visit us on facebook you'll find us under g.w. when i see you next time i might. difficult
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reconciliation in the basque country. the separatist organization and its history. what's become of its former members and supporters. whether they're behind bars for it announced dealing with
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a mob is dividing opinion. on the round table and it's our president. coming up on d w. alexandr fun humble our series on tomorrow today. we want to see what he saw to experience what drove him. but journeys through latin america following the footsteps of the great scientist. our next stop pete avenue of the moment you know in the ecuadorian the n.b.a. . to normal today to the 30 minute spot w. . the world is getting worse and. moore's catastrophe among the problems. of. the global 3000 talks would seem british researchers who take
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a more optimistic view. though while it is not always a good place but it's much much better than it was and. is the world really getting better and. a global $3000.00 special reports. starts august 19th sunday to. europe. what unites. what divides. the most. tragic course. what binds the continent together. the answers and stories of plunging the. spotlight on people. focus on europe on t.w. . the women's world cup the america gold cup
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and the africa cup of nations it was a season high pitch soccer. last night an exciting event is right around the corner that german bundesliga is heating up and as always we're there to keep you up to date with the latest. is there some. other 60. guatemalan conservative candidate a $980.00 s. claim victory in his country's latest presidential election the official tally still remains to be completed but initial results indicate giamatti secured a massive lead over center left rival sandra tourists who has conceded defeat.
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prison officials guarding accused american sex offender jeffrey epstein failed to follow prison rules in the lead up to his apparent suicide media reports also indicate the.


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