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tv   Quadriga  Deutsche Welle  August 23, 2019 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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this is the w. news live from berlin as the amazon fires in brazil raging out of control and international dispute but no action brazil's president has accused francis a manual or call of being a colonial for say the blazes should be treated as an international crisis look at what's behind the record number of fires raging in the amazon also coming up. tight security in the southern french city of direct says that city prepares to host the g. 7 summit this year global leaders will focus on the fight against economic inequality also tell you about some of the changes at this annual meeting. and they have hit the ground running in sudan the nation's female footballers waste no time in a new political climate and start their own league with 18 clubs. i'm
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brian thomas a very warm welcome to the show international concern is mounting over the record number of wildfires raging right now in the amazon french president manuel mccall has called it an interim national crisis tweeting our house is burning literally the amazon rain forest belongs which he wrote produced 20 percent of our planet's oxygen is on fire. but brazil's president also naro has criticized what he's calling foreign interference slamming mccrone smart says sensationalise. also naro says brazil lacks the resources needed to fight the fires he's also accusing environmental groups of starting them for political gain. effects of the
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farmers are being felt well beyond the location of the flex. cuffs past 4 in the afternoon and the heavens dark over sao paolo smoke and clouds blot out the sun . everything went dark i came out of the bathroom and it was night unbelievable nights but not nighttime the government says it's just the weather but climate experts say the cause is 200 kilometers away where pristine forest is going up in flames as wildfires consume the natural world there are far more places than usual at the start of the dry season farmers are also suffering. we planted man yoke and corn here it's all gone. farmers may be victims of the flames but some may be the fire starters big agriculture is one of the few success stories in brazil and has an ally in right wing president. asked if farmers were
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responsible for the fires he blamed environmentalist's again maybe the farmers everybody's a suspect but the biggest suspects the ngos the destruction is driving environmentalist's onto the streets they're fearful and they're angry at the accusations leveled at them. for their motives are not a statement of responsible everyone knows that the environmental organizations are against climate change and for reforestation. brazil's forests are burning at an unprecedented rate with unknown consequences day turned to night in sao paolo is only the beginning. and we're happy to be joined now by overall some an expert on sustainability from university here in berlin she's now researching deforestation thanks so much for joining us can you tell us why have these fires reach the levels the extreme levels are at now and and who's responsible for this.
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as you've heard they've been an 80 percent surge. from previous dry seasons so fire was quite correct in the amazon but in the dry season people used to forests. and farmlands right now in brazil with the current government situation and unprecedented wrong it is promoting organized crime forests caring using fire yes and and also killing of indigenous people who are trying to protect them and destroy the land ok so you're saying there's a there's an element of criminality involved criminality an organized organized crime for that you know terry the amazon produces 20 percent more oxygen are these farmers threatening our oxygen supply for sure for sure the amazon is really important for 3 reasons one it's a hot spot of biodiversity. it's the last vestiges where indigenous people in the
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in the natural ecosystem and as you just mentioned it plays a really important climate functions now scientific models show that if you get 25 percent of the amazon you have the oxygen you have an effect on the oxygen level which affects the climate and which reduces for example agricultural productivity up to 2550 percent in the region. to 40 percent breadbaskets in the south american countries affected more than that the whole americas much of the whole of america is affected so this is having a huge improvement we're talking about a huge implications to the. ok so when you say the americas not just south america but north america as well as what's going to be affected by this you're missing the criminality involved i'd like to get back on to that both so narrow has been loosening the protections environmental protections for the amazon is there a connection between the loosening of the protections and this organized crime you
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were mentioning for example in the deforestation you know. he's loosening and vironment the laws he's he's undermining indigenous rights and indigenous people have been the one fighting against clearing up that. so it's quite clear he's promoting organized crimes before us clearing. and right now in europe this type. of this month killing of environmentalists and undermining of indigenous rights and we have signed a trade deal with muck with all countries to promote trade so what do you think. right now you can do business. because. faith that we should respect that. he is this month these environmental laws and signing a trade agreement. to soar you trade deal was was held as you know as
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a major breakthrough and a huge success in a time of an increasing trade war between the u.s. and china for example it doesn't include many global multinationals and it makes it easier for them to be active in places like brazil and in the rain forests do these global multinationals the one who would benefit from the americas or agreement for example have a special responsibility to protect the rain forests of the amazon yet they have a special responsibility. but they are trying to they are trying to. implement the frustration some of them are trying to implement different. the issue is not to be the multi national it's right now but rather with the governance situation right now but both are not really it's promoting ok what you think about what's needed to be done to bring these fires under control the french president money will move also in international efforts needed both soros says he
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doesn't have the resources anyway is that what it's going to take a number of countries trying to solve this problem you so recently that germany suspend the. german aid to brazil what was a response above the narrow he said that brazil doesn't need the money and. that's basically said agency did some of the most fantastic work in brazil monitoring of the frustration f.i.o.s. and immediate enforcement he had this month playing there was amazing infrastructure so i don't think it's a question of resources right now it's a question of political will ok and would you sing stone to them i think the situation is going to get was and i have to my sage right now i think i think if europe is really interested in doing anything for the amazon they need to support the indigenous people who are already very well coordinated in south america and
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who are trying to already protect the amazons and to we need to use that we need we have signed it trade deals and we need to block the trade deal unless we see efforts to implement the paris agreement i stipulated in the trade agreement. thank you so very much for coming in today. it was we've been discussing president a man or woman trying to suggesting putting the amazon fires on the agenda of the g. 7 summit that's set to start in directs in southern france today mccraw will lead talks by leaders of the world's major economies on a wide range of topics from tensions over iran to the protests in our garden and the bleak outlook for the global economy. but the main theme of this year's meeting is the fight against economic inequality we have more now in this report. in developed nations the gap between the rich and the poor has reached its highest level in the past 50 years the average income of the richest 10 percent of the
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population is now about 9 times that of the poorest 10 percent. and. the anger of those that feel left behind was most popular in france this year's g. 700. was it triggered the yellow vest protests that raged for 5 months and fools president mccone to announce a host of measures to redress economic inequality. that anger has also sparked a trend towards anti establishment an anti elite movements donald trump's provocative rhetoric chimes with that mood. as does the brig's a debate in britain. the. the . and that anger has federalizing support for populist parties often on the far
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right. that. was in berlin the alternative for germany is now the main opposition party in parliament. life so i think. while an insulin material salvini head of the engine immigration league party could soon be crowned the new prime minister. am for the main drive behind many of their voters economic dissatisfaction. so while the g 7 leaders will be discussing how to fight global inequality there remains a note of what for them to do on their right to stay. let's talk about some of that work now with scottish she's the head of the globalization and world economy program of the german council on foreign relations thanks very much for coming in this morning let's start out with the amazon the host of the summit the g.
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7 summit wants to bring it to the top of the agenda manual mccraw is that going to happen the g 7 is a very informal format which means you don't have a strict agenda what you need to talk about which meets once of you to meet they would talk about everything that's pressing and urgent and says that's something you want to talk about so they would definitely have that discussion on the amazon forest ok no you've been following cloudy the g. 7 for many years now fighting economic inequality is the main theme at this summit but that's something we've seen before definitely the president see it's a variant form the form of as i said before and the president chooses the focus off the t 7 just to give it a motto to it to make it easier for the people to understand what they are talking about but then you choose inequality and below this headline many of the old issues they've been negotiating for a long time so under inequality they talk about gender inequality konami inequality
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climate inequality so they basically continue the agenda with a slightly different focus ok but following this agenda is going to be complicated this year isn't it by the by the trump presidency u.s. president dollar trump has said he ahead of time he's going to hold bilateral talks what as you mentioned is a very informal group of everyone sitting around the table how's that going to affect this summit well the thing is you need content is that to 7 is an informal group as i said no rules or regulations how to deal with how to find a compromise so what you need is you talk you know each other you you sort of find a compromise and if one. country or the u.s. president on trump is not willing to negotiate with the others the whole summit will be will reach no confusion which is a problem for this kind of format so if he comes and says i really basically want to do by let trolls this is a dispute guide for the g. 7 for mitt because he says i don't care about much letters and i don't care about g 7 i am here the president of the united states and i want to talk to individual
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people ok you can muddle mccraw nonetheless get something done in spite of the bilateral sobig going on led by the us president yes he's very eager he's very focused he has been preparing a lot what he wants to achieve and actually that's been negotiating for a whole year it's not that the only have the summit and suddenly you need to read a conclusion the media or in many of the newspaper focus on the conflicts which means that focus on climate change the focus on trade because of the have all the tray problems but there are many more issues but they are actually getting along so something will get done the question is is it enough for this kind of summit ok what's going to come out of the summit what do you see getting done as a longtime observer of the g. so well then many issues not only dealing with trade and climate change i think they will have a focus on the paris agreement because france is the holes but there's the danger that they will have this kind of g 6 versus united states agreement but they will have a renewed commitment with regard to trade they definitely help to get something done
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and reform but this is a very sensitive issue as we all know we have taxation that's high on the agenda so we might get some kind of minimum tax form which in national corporations we have migration on the agenda we have digitization how to educate people how to use digitisation as a source for economic froze so there are many issues that need to be tackled but actually everybody will look at how does climate change in trade come out of it so it's will be a very critical summit ok climate is climate politics and trade the 2 areas where we could see progress claudio thanks very much for coming in you're welcome. this brief you know and some of the other stories making news this hour at least 5 people have been killed in a stampede at the packed rock concert in the algerian capital cheers thousands gathered at a concert by a local rap star video posted online shows medics attending to some of the victims . and at least 5 people have died and more than 100 have been injured in lightning
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strikes in southern poland the neighboring slovakia witnesses say the lightning hit during a thunderstorm in the tougher mountains regions popular hikers and families. this is deja vu news live from berlin still to come on the show the 1st images in 14 years of the doomed passenger liner the titanic we'll tell you why these pictures are causing both shock and concern. but 1st the world's biggest multi-faith assembly wraps up today in the south german town of lindau some 800 delegates from about 100 countries have been attending the religions for peace assembling as the abraham reports this year's gathering places special emphasis on young people. i guess that is rushing to meet a strict deadline the 31 year old senegalese is interviewing beatrice for an executive director of the international campaign to abolish nuclear weakness that i
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can't minister the president of the organization receive the 27000 nobel peace prize. i get that is not a journalist she's a volunteer with a catholic faith based student organization in kenya this is time and it's part of the media training she's receiving as a participant of the religions for peace 10 world assembly in lindo southern germany. would be really helping me in my personal network of how am i going to develop my t.v. asphodel advocacy program for an environment and for peace they're doing in africa her training as well as other youth oriented workshops and discussions are at the focus of this year's assembly. the event which takes place every 5 to 7 years brings together over $800.00 global senior religious leaders youth and women in dialogue with each other and other stakeholders. and use our persons their vital.


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