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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  November 20, 2019 12:00pm-12:30pm CET

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this news coming to you live from berlin the death still rises as iran cracks down on protesters amnesty international says more than 100 people have been killed during protests over hikes in fuel prices also in the program dozens of protesters spent another night under siege in a hong kong university campus with food and water drilling how much longer can they hold out against police. and on world children's day thousands of young people into
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a ghost capital you'll meet homeless they have to earn a living by collecting garbage instead of going to school in. the us what lessons can we learn about climate change from 20 wins we head to the antarctic to find out . how to welcome i'm good to have you. and this international says more than 100 people have been killed in a government crackdown on protests in iran the un visit opted to hikes in fuel prices authorities responded by shutting down the internet supreme leader ayatollah ali khamenei has described the protests as a security matter. very little information reaches the outside world from iran authorities have shut down the internet whether there are still protests there and where they may be taking place it's difficult to verify. videos from monday evening
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show angry demonstrators some are demanding that the government step down the protests were sparked by a drastic increase in the price of gasoline u.s. sanctions and mismanagement are the main causes of iran's economic crisis. also president i have 3 jobs to support myself of course people are upset and now they found a reason to show their dissatisfaction everyone does it in their own way. the pictures of men who have been arrested are shown on state television they're accused of initiating the protests at the behest of other countries one hard line newspaper reports they could face the death penalty. more than 1000 people are believed to have been arrested in the wake of the protests the un has expressed concern over the security services heavy handed response. numbers
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killed certainly in the dozens. in at least 2 figures some reports even higher so if would be very useful to have a better picture but it's clearly very significant meanwhile the iranian leadership is that hearing to a hard line internet restrictions are still in effect in iran. now for more i'm joined by he's a correspondent in tehran who's following this story for us look at seems a number of casualties and address is much greater than the government has indicated so far what can you tell us from there. it's very difficult for us as journalists years since we have the internet breakdown to get useful information and trustful information but there are some credible reports from all over the country that apparently the security forces use life munition to shoot on demonstrators specially on saturday so we tend to believe that the figures that
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amnesty give more accurate than the official death toll which means probably more than a 100 people have been have lost their lives during the protests on this last weekend that the way to go for these photos now seems to be the hike in petrol prices by some 50 percent but is there a why did anger against the government and its policies that. definitely especially between young iranians they suffer a lot from very bad economic situation in this country we used to have sanctions over a decade here and then came this famous nuclear deal in 2015 and most. hoped to decide to ation will getting better and getting better effectively 2016 and 17 but then last year since u.s. president trump inflicted new heavy sanctions specially on oil export and on the financial sector economy went down rapidly devaluation of the local currency here
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that you're in your realities have a year to last more than half of its value prices are up same for rent commodities staple and the jobs are missing especially in young iranians more than 50 percent of young iranians are looking for jobs and if they have a job it's the salary so low that they can make a living so anger is much higher than just contented to price hike of gasoline and the government has reacted to this fotis with an immediate crackdown they've made many arrests some of the people expected to face the death penalty they've shut down the intern. how people are responding to this. we spoke to many people yesterday here in tehran and specially middle class iranians are very cautious now they are a bit. overwhelmed by. the anger in the streets and by this heavy handed crackdown of the security forces so most middle class reunions tend to stay
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out of out of harm's way now they wait and see and this means that the protest as we have seen it last weekend has come to an end we have a relative stable situation as many police in the streets as you said internet is down but i don't think that the protests as we saw it last weekend will continue due to the fact that the regime is really reacting very very harshly. in tehran thank you very much for this update from there. that we now being updated with some other stories making news around the world in the u.k. a 1st televised debate ahead of december elections has taken place between prime minister bias johnson and liberal party leader jeremy corbyn johnson's conservative party was accused of trying to deceive voters after its press office changes its twitter chalis name during the debate to fact check. police in malta have
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arrested a man in connection with the murder of german staff in who was found dead on the island last yogen phrenic one of the country's most prominent business men was apprehended when police intercepted his daughter off the coast of. 25 people have been found alive inside a very different container on a danish cargo ship bound for the u.k. the stories were discovered after the ship left port 2 of the refugees were being treated in hospital and the incident comes after $39.00 vietnamese refugees were last month found dead in a truck in the u.k. . the standoff between pro-democracy protesters and police at a besieged university in hong kong appears to be winding down and remaining protesters are weighing their options as food and water run out it's thought about $100.00 protesters are still inside the camp and some of them attempted to escape
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overnight by climbing through. others surrendered amid warnings that police might fired live rounds to clear the area 1000 protesters have been arrested since monday . joining me now from hong kong correspondent sean bell shot at hong kong police has given a statement to the press about the latest in the standoff with protesters still trapped in the university campus some 100 rethink what did they have to say. it was confirmed that this standoff is still ongoing students do still remain in the university campus at the moment now the officer did not give specific figures on how many remain inside the building but it is estimated that as many as 2 up to 100 protesters could still be inside now as you mentioned that the conditions there are dwindling the resources they have food and water hygiene conditions are said to be extremely bad now days into this standoff with police now the officer crucially
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said that there were no plans at the moment to to storm the building to enter the building he called instead on the protesters to give themselves up to them to put down their weapons and to the parents as well he put towns and appeal the parents who've been waiting outside the campus anxiously for days now to hear of any news of their loved ones he called on them to appeal to that to their children too to drop their weapons and to leave the campus he also gave some more information on those who attempted to escape over the last few days he clarified that number of people who abseiled from a footbridge on the campus in a desperate bid to try and invade police innovative arrest actually arrested you also said that those who try to escape from a sewage system a number of those were arrested as well so there was some significant information that's come out from this press conference a short time ago and shocked with so many arrests does this market turning point in
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the pro-democracy movement. sally will be of below emerita that so many of these students have been arrested he said roughly a 1000 people have been detained as part of this day's long standoff now whether or not it will bring an end or at least to tone down this protest movement i think at the moment at this stage is unlikely we've spoken to a number of protesters who feel that their fellow students who were caught up in this who have been detained risk so much they face up to 10 years in prison if they're charged with writing many feel that they have to continue this protest movement and not let down those who have been arrested so far and what we have seen over this the course of this protest movement these students read these protests as we do have the ability to to reinvent this movement and to keep the mentum and to keep drawing crowds on to the street weekend after weekend. and charlotte in
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a separate development a former employee of the british consulate in hong kong says he was detained and tortured by china's secret police a britain has now silent the chinese ambassador in london what can you tell us about this case. well these are revelations that really do cut to the heart of this protest movement now simon chang the former british consulate employee has given various interviews he's also written a statement alleging that he was tortured after he was detained during a trip to mainland china he the allegations are quite difficult reading clude the fact that he was put in stress positions sleep deprivation he said he was beaten as well and this is something that is have of course sent shock waves across hong kong here among the protest movement this is exactly why so many people took to the streets in the 1st place fear of mainland china encroaching on their rights on their freedoms here in hong kong as you say the british foreign minister has now
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called the chinese ambassador saying he was outraged by these allegations for their part. china has said that it is also expressed anger at the u.k. response its long accused the u.k. and the u.s. of meddling and interfering in this protest movement shelagh chosen bill in hong kong thank you very much his own base. in the u.s. an army officer has testified he was duty bound to object to what he called the president's improper phone conversation addressing ukrainian investigations off the top u.s. democrats and republicans attacked a left and colonel alexander vinton who's on president trumps national security council casting doubts on his loyalty to the united states his testimony launched a pivotal week as the house is impeachment investigation reaches full of the into the white house. they had witnessed the controversial phone call at the heart of the impeachment inquiry with colonel alexander ven top white house expert on
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ukraine and jennifer williams an advisor to vice president mike pence both told the panel they had concerns about the cole. part of the record with that i found the july 25th phone call and usual because in contrast to other presidential calls i had observed it involved discussion of what it appeared to be a domestic political matter it was inappropriate. it was improper for the president to request and to demand an investigation. into a political opponent especially at foreign power were there is at best dubious belief that this would be a completely impartial investigation the democrats hope to amass evidence that president trump abused his position using military aid to ukraine to investigate his political opponents the republicans again sought to undermine the credibility
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of the witnesses of course. your boss had concerns about your judgment your former boss dr phil had concerns about your republican lawmakers even question lieutenant colonels and loyalty to the country having emigrated to the u.s. from ukraine age 3 the proceedings continued with testimony from former u.s. envoy to nato kurt volker and to morrison a former national security council official at the cabinet meeting president trump continued his condemnation of the entire inquiry what's going on is a disgrace and it's an embarrassment to our nation given enough evidence of wrongdoing on the president's part the hosts dominated by democrats will vote to send the case to trial in senate this long drawn out political battle is only shifting gears. here watching the news still to come what lessons can we learn about climate change from penguins we had to antarctica to find out. and the
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galactic only one country has yet to ratify the un convention on the rights of the child the united states since its adoption deaths of children over the age of 5 are foreign by 60 percent and the number of under not just children has dropped by about half but despite the progress for miniature around the world life is still a daily struggle. on the capital of togo. these kids should be in school however stayed they spend every morning collecting weakest they live on the streets. collecting trash is one of the names for them of making nearly. well. i have been doing this for 3 years but i don't like it i would like to study to become a painter and have my own business model. around 7000 children live on the streets of the west african country they all have their own
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reasons why they are homeless for some it's an issue of poverty and insufficient resources forcing them to migrate and when they try to return home down hope i actually got to. try to go back home once every 3 months to see if someone there would take care of me but nobody wants to take me in many of the children feel ashamed and that's why they need to remain anonymous the lack of a social safety net for kids in tow go leads them painfully unprotected. i got home sometimes i sleep in the market or the times i sleep at the same place where i sell the waste got along. social worker kevin understands what these children are growing through all too well. when i was really young i also spent some time living on the streets for
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a while it was a really difficult time because the streets are not a place for children and now i feel sad when i see these kids on the streets because they remind me of the dark moments in my life. kevin is the founder of health international an engineer that promotes children's rights and helps to reunite them with their families in addition to assisting them with issues on the street kevin wants to work to ensure a better future for them in the long run. this is the welcoming center which we call d.n.r. that means well being here else international we provide a safe space we are situated where these children lead lives on the streets as you can see we are right in the middle of the ghetto but here the kids can come together and find people who care about them every morning the safe space turned into an alternative school the children come here to learn how to read and write
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and also get to enjoy a very a social activities such as painting dancing or sports we have a vision for 2050 and it starts now with us implementing ways to provide these kids with access to education and also to involve your families so you won't find them living on the street anymore kevin and his team will continue to tackle the issue of homelessness among young people and hope to help these he find a fresh start. joining me now in the studio is. she's an advocate for children's rights and child protection with word vision germany. now the un convention is marking 30 years but what is. does it actually have on the lives of children and their reality like we just saw in our report. well the un convention did have a huge impact on many lives of many children around the world like we've seen
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before mortality rate has dropped by half in the sectors of education and health there have been. many successes but still as we see there are many children left behind and many groups of children that are not reached by the promises of the c.r.c. and we really have to work on that and how do we work on that what needs to be the top priority because great progress has been made in the past 30 years but so much more still needs to be done. to my mind the priority is political will has to be renewed it's all laid out in the convention u.n. committee on the rights of the child gives concrete recommendations to every state what the state can do to. reach the children that need to be reached and still. many children are left behind and so it's more a question of political will and how we can change that the attitude and the well so you think the responsible if you should lie with governments and on the sea make
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this the primary it response ability yes there was a very international. science. so we are all there and do our. work and support governments really and doing there and doing their work but the political will still needs to become from governments to see n.g.o.s critical very important work as we saw in the report. is an ngo was working. but you're saying the ultimate responsibility lies with governments so how does one in carriage governments to do more in terms of protecting the rights of children we have to build. we have to stand together as and gels not see ourselves as. together and we're doing that actually. coalitions and coloration fighting together for the rights of children and i think
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that's the most important part that we so what are the biggest challenges that you face in trying to protect the rights of children the biggest challenges are that. structural changes are not being made we need structural changes on. policy so that we can go in and do our work but if there are no policies set out to give us freedom to work we cannot work so how optimistic are you looking ahead that sit 10 years from now the position of children all over the world will be much better than it was today i'm optimistic because we see what the convention has done. to our view on children and to the children perceive themselves in the last 30 years so if we can you know recommit governments can become the. optimistically into the future that is a good. vision thank you very much for joining us thank you.
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also have a spectacular as you can see but it's also the quickest scientists fear that is melting the continents ice contributing to rising sea levels the antarctic is a key barometer for the impacts of climate change one of dozens of international monitoring the effects of global warming there is the noise station we went there to see how research is there study climate change. antarctica a continent almost completely covered in ice yet extremely sensitive to even the slightest changes in climate. it's edge the frozen ocean front is home to the emperor penguin here on the ice shelf it's freezing cold perfect conditions for
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emperor penguin breeding researchers say if the climate changes it would most likely affect them right now they're trying to count the penguins in the colony. deep in could only it's i think a huge danger for this penguin colony here is that the structure of the sea ice on which they've green it is changing. if there's an increase in temperature and the sea ice shrinks breaks up earlier in the year they're breeding season will be shortened or they may not have any pleading grants or tall any more under certain circumstances they wouldn't be able to build their colony a tall will be able to reproduce. so the research is a document in the penguins numbers from above with a drone they've been commissioned by the german environment ministry to get the big picture of what's happening here. because the camera looks directly down and takes
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picture after picture at certain intervals all. these pictures are supposed to work . that way we can piece them together as far as possible. they do that here a few kilometers away at the alfred vega institute's noir maya station the researches use 3 d. simulators to collate their data on the colony in the long term they hope to deliver valuable information on if and how the emperor penguins are reacting to warming worldwide temperatures. if warming is limited to 1.5 or 2 degrees celcius has agreed in the paris accords this species of penguin could survive and if not they'll be wiped out by 2100 at the very latest. the scientists measure how much things are warming up on the roof of the research station they send up weather balloons to collect and send back relevant data over the coming years the researchers hope to measure what changes where and by how much.
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at this station for example we're not actually seeing any changes in temperature. it's the same at many other stations across antarctica but that's not the case on the antarctic peninsula so there's been a stark rise in temperatures there. and it's that peninsula which is causing place see across in the most northerly reaches of the antarctic to melt scientists that have also measured the warming of the water climate change is already starting to eat away at times it's just a question of how far the effects will reach. news from the world of football. has been announced as the new coach of the english premier league club tottenham hotspur replacing the outgoing. now one multiple titles in portugal england italy and spain his most recent coaching position at
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manchester united where he was sacked in december 2018 his predecessor took charge of the club in 2014 and led them to the champions league final last season but friends short of expectations. and a sign that the christmas season is drawing near london's q gardens is launched its annual christmas light show organizers installed more than a 1000000 lights this year this barclay trail takes visitors to the famous royal botanic gardens. the lighter and humanist extravaganza includes elisa show a victorian house that has just been renovated. a recap of our top story amnesty international says more than 100 people have been killed in iran in a government crackdown on protests the youngest was sparked by
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a surprise hike in fuel prices. coming up next show made. with us for that if you're.
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if it's big it's. the biggest the biggest aircraft the biggest piece the biggest car. made in germany wants to find out what's behind this trend. bigger always better. and how will this affect our natural resources made in germany.
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africa. by a whole instead of fireworks. in madagascar our students are learning how to make pallets and we can plant remains. and the goal. less deforestation and more nutrients for the island nation of africa in 60 minutes on t w. you're going to unofficial estimates more than 1200000 venezuelans live in colombia legally and illegally. already at all why we're trying to balance whaler. to visit friends i don't think i'd ever go back there to live you know what i lived
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there again i don't know so i'm not sure. bearing witness global news that matters . made for mines. containership as big as a mountain and that's the reality today in the world sports where i was born in the 960 s. these cargo ships were just 100 ths of that size and back then things didn't come in small medium and large never mind even extra large should shoes and others.


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