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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  December 9, 2019 3:02am-3:31am CET

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this is all would be wonderful landscapes forests and animals to think that all this is threatened by climate change is distressing we have to change our ways if we want to see bomb planted. many discussions take place at different levels of society to address exactly this high level meetings an international climate conferences are held every year with representatives from most countries this week let's dive deeper them in the impact they have you're watching eco india and i'm somewhat of a coming to you from mumbai the indian government has signed the paris climate agreement and plans to change its energy mix 50 percent renewable energy by 2022 is the and solar power plays a big role in achieving this. hamlet
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of one was barely 100 kilometers away from india's business capital mumbai but until just a few years ago it had no concept of electricity. its residents relied on far less demand so supply can imagine. things changed for one was in the summer of 2016. and that is where their loved ones are now there is light everywhere and this village we could have never imagined this. village is the government. comes and goes so. that the plan laid here as we have access. electricity here if
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you for several. months out there you have this is quite unbelievable and it's always does anybody i mean a light on a 2nd is i mean it's out. today one of aussies able to address the daily and energy needs of its 265 residents with an uninterrupted supply of power generated through its ready solar micro-grid. which new ensures it's a smooth operation through its daily maintenance and also troubleshooting. so that the object of the alley and if any are even not sure if this sort of thing in the past a lot of cities have made. but once they left none of them were going to find it that means that any that that could have gotten a. owing to its extremely small population when wasi does not fit into the
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government's calculations of what constitutes a really good. and instead it is awfully fond of could oculus together with discounted gloucester for their hamlets in the district of maharashtra. and the like. this means that despite the indian government's ambitious 100 person electrification program electricity to the national public grid has never properly reached such remote communities. to close this gap some you not go founded. in 2008 in these kind of images a problem is the cost of taking the grid to these areas what a small load this is a small number of i was going to become a bit of a challenge then a large number of the time let's go to an electrified while official figures suggest india is inching closer to 100 percent household. electrification the
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challenge to bring clean and affordable energy extremely remote house remains largely unaddressed the social enterprise provides access to electricity through renewable energy models. no need they want to actually install this but i think having seen it and i willing to put their initial money willing to you know create a bank account belittle it if it is going to get an annuity from the local punter when the ben bernanke coming the solar power is a storage in the battery bank while overhead transmission lines make sure that electricity is brought to every household and. the total cost of this installation was $3000000.00 rupees or 37000 years. it's just that of the ground who just has successfully set up solar micro-grid in 65 remote villages.
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these decentralized micro grids are now and dolly owned and operated by local communities with each household being judged according to such. reading can he's part of one was the stern member village and as you commit to it and shows that the grid runs effectively and is responsible for and voice in the house rooms. i mean that if you were kept in the last week of every month on our committee holds an eating then discuss the billing and status of us even with a sale or capital sometimes a customer is unable to really build up a one month and we allow them to believe that within the next month bill little but if it's still unpaid after in mind we want him on the morning and tell them if they don't appear to be supplied to the house bill will be let out of the lead but this does not have a until today. can you tell
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a little. apart from electrifying householder's the micro-grid also delivers the far right. the solo paula has had a lot of the distress for the film and the boss. again i mean to do it fine and i got to face what do we have to walk all the way to the funny and getting that no one was taking care of the kids but at that it took us a lot to get a little bit off and the i didn't have time to even make food any human. body again i'd have gone it. not so no public bomb supplies water that were done to help. you know that when there was no electricity under the dam like a fire had
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a family but now we can start cooking early and mom and i got there before the little bit and then he can leave for work i used to purchase with my like 2 hours of caffeine every month which was very expensive and he said well if we'd had electricity or a little life i would have been there. the micro-grid has made a substantial change to life in denver as the new power and light bring in many for new opportunities for its residents young and old. it will be safe to see that there are many many problems to sort of when it comes to climate change india could biggest economy of asia for example is great not as fast as the last decade but it is growing rapidly and this means the country needs a lot of fuel and energy. india is one of the
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top energy consumers in the world and its energy demand is only likely to spiral the country has been drawing considerable attention towards how it is going to increase energy access while maintaining its commitment made at the baddest climate summit towards deducing emissions from the perspective primary energy mix of the country you will see there though energy so you know the country is predominantly dominated by oil and then the emerging star in the you know do you see you know as up goes the it is making major disruptions in energy because it's the awful country sure you know what are the moments when you combine hydro while it's summer its course abortion is great but if you were not somewhere around 7 percent. in keeping with its commitment india has set itself a target of increasing its power generation capacity to renewables up to 40 percent by 2030 invest. means of 300000000000 euros will be needed over the next decade.
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while there are concerns over the country being able to meet its star gets the government of india has declared assurances of being on track. currently wind energy has the largest share of installed capacity within the renewable energy mix however the coming years will see some considerable strides in the solar energy sector but the transition towards clean energy does not inevitably suggest a simultaneous phasing out of the country's dependence on fossil fuels. now it's very difficult for you nor the government or even for the private shared very dependence on fossil fuels in dark regard what we have to do is we have to take over the graduated approach wherein we bring the renewables in in
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a more manner and we phase out fossil fuels in a manner where you know your economic targets and the lord know in our expectations of the industry are also you know taken care of but at the same time you are not kind of. disrupting the energy markets. today india is producing the world's cheapest solar power since 2010 set of course fell by 80 percent the most precipices decline of any country but continuing to meet the rising energy hunger of the population will require serious investment. we can all agree that fossil fuel based energy is one of the biggest causes of climate change but is valuable energy really a feasible alternative is one of the most common questions that comes up what if there isn't enough sun. the particular day of the room isn't strong enough
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a community in the south of germany didn't just ask these questions they tested out hands with success. this is the night train from berlin to the far south of germany it's going to be a 12 hour journey to fill a village in the foothills of the alps that's famous for pioneering the transition to green energy. none of its energy comes from fossil fuels all of it comes from renewables. it's all there in nature we don't need to take any energy from fossil sources underground plenty is given to us every day we just have to make use of it. produces 8 times as much electricity as its 2600 residents can use all that electricity isn't produced in one big plant paternity centralized fashion and is
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then made available to others fire the grid. delegations from the places around the world marked by flags who come to inspect this revolutionary village. they usually. he's been married for 23 years and has been involved in the shift to renewables from the start. in 1909 we asked everybody here how things should be in 2021 wind energy was just one of the many different issues 92 percent said they were in favor which was a sensational result. people here are very proud of what's been developed in groups and basically they've done it themselves. we can tote. become something and thinking of. the villagers have invested
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50000000 euros over the past 2 decades 300 photovoltaics systems 9 wind turbines as well as several hydroelectric and combined heat and power plants. we want to show that it is possible to create a regional circular economy for energy production and energy use this. of course it has to make economic sense so if it erodes a profit and we save money and we're doing something positive for the environment that's doubly good. but i don't know if that's not really stop and go to. another father the green revolution a film called st is from dillon. he's a farmer who started experimenting with renewable energy in the 1990 s. . he soon won over his fellow villagers and set up
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a wind farm co-operative. anyone who lives in the community where a windmill is located can invest the more people join the lower the amount each may invest it's currently 5000 euros and no more any higher amount and we have too much money everybody keeps asking when are we going to build another wind turbine. einstein has set up for bio gas plants on his farm they now heat the entire village . he designed some of the components himself the energy sources are all local animal waste from 20 nearby farms. they replace 700000 liters of heating oil here. less as generating energy from biomass alone point be enough to complete the transition to renewables at the national level sun wind and
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hydro power are also needed. they're mixing with the right mix it won't be hard to attain 100 percent renewables many people don't believe that but it's true the amount of clean energy we produce in a village politics lead could also be generated in other communities districts and states. in the. energy generation is one key factor 2 others are energy storage and developing an intelligent grid so power can be moved to where it's needed. energy reservoirs and needed for days when the wind drops all the sun doesn't shine. all when demand is higher than usual. this is all on company and addresses both these issues it makes lithium ion phosphate batteries which in combination with solar
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panels enables households to become largely energy independent. it also manages an electricity sharing system so on and community. for the 4th or this year but they say it's cloudy here but the sun is shining in hamburg. when our customers in hamburg have energy in abundance. their batteries are fully charged and they feed the excess into the grid which can then be used by our customers here their link to via our zone and community that was the 1st step the 2nd was to approach the grid operators and offer to help them stabilize the grid. private power sharing could perhaps one day make the large utility companies and the huge power plants redundant if hundreds of thousands of communities went the way of philpotts trade and set up
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autonomous energy generation and sharing systems. one small village in bavaria could inspire other people across germany and in other countries. the global temperature rise needs to be limited to 1.5 to. at a maximum that's what was agreed in the paris climate agreement in 2016 but countries around the globe how much has happened since then let's take a closer look at the status report. which countries are doing the most to protect the climate and who is not pulling their weight the analyst network climate action tracker has compiled a ranking. the only countries on course to meet the $1.00 degree celsius limit the goal of the paris agreement are gambia and morocco. in 2018 morocco
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completed one of the world's biggest solar power plants. the north african country plans to produce over 40 percent of its energy from renewables. if everyone followed india's example global warming could at least be held to 2 degrees it's massive tree planting programs are having a positive effect india has committed itself to ensuring that over one 3rd of its areas forested to help absorb c o 2. custer rica is also in the 2 degree club the small central american country em's to be climate neutral by 2021 part of that drive involves. ding emissions of the greenhouse gas nature's oxide from its coffee bean production fertilizers are responsible for most of those emissions the country hopes to cut their use by training farmers to use the chemicals more efficiently. and.
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if the whole world behaved like the e.u. temperatures would rise by 3 degrees the german government is now planning to introduce carbon pricing on gasoline heating oil and gas. but critics say a price of $10.00 euros per tonne is far too low and they say that across the e.u. the switch from coal to renewable should be happening a lot faster. if every country followed in china's footsteps we'd be looking at a 4 degree increase china is also the earth's biggest greenhouse gas emitter responsible for about a 3rd of all emissions despite a shift to solar power china's economy remains heavily dependent on coal.
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and according to climate action tracker global warming would exceed 4 degrees if everyone were to follow the example of the u.s. it has announced that it's pulling out of the paris climate treaty though many u.s. cities and states are keen to do their bit to fight the climate crisis. but all in all the effort to curb global warming has to happen on a global level. scientists gobbing the world's huge and increasing appetite for it is essential to avoid the devastating effects of climate change but is that an option. if we could just stop meat consumption worldwide our this is alternatives in place in barcelona in spain hobby innovation we found a startup developing a substitute for meat produced by
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a 3 d. printer. varies a way off from managing the resources upon a planet which is our sustainable. there is a big changes when the food industry is impacted very much so for example it's china as a middle class that once more meat consumption and we want to provide even their governments of china and india we don't they're not use for their population. to engineer giuseppi shante wants to spark a food revolution with plant based protein and a 3 d. printer. to start up nova meters working on technology to replicate the sensory properties of meat. and in this process create special michael filaments and this microfilm is try to mimic henri sam but what is actually in the past was in story of the chickens. the tissue of a name is very complex is created in
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a year's very organized way and. is now working with a model a simplification so we found the same thing but there's was able to order these micro fibers as if they were muscular fibers and when the technology's orating and when the scale is ready we provide a proper food that has that back sure the appearance that taste itself and is better for about. writes the code for the program and it's just designed his 1st steak well designed it is quite easy enough then we have to make it real which is the hard part to create a chewed instructor. it's quite easy but the. 3 the one is it's pretty hard. so why go to all the trouble when we think about the way we are producing meat that's it's quite complex now how we have to go the crop that we feed the car
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window then the car how we have to manage to convert the protein from the crop so the cow that's for me that's complex. that is not that complex because we are taking natural ingredients we are taking. from vegetables and we are just combining the right ones and putting that together with the printer. the printer uses the power mix from bryson p s which require a fraction of the water needed to produce speech and this we can state as without all the lent and the added costs of raising and slaughtering livestock which will serve if everyone in the world starts eating meat regularly. that. it's not a real meat but it's designed to taste just like it. ultimately affordability will be the key to its success once you really have
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a different start ups are different companies bring in these 2 supermarkets you will lead a price which will go lower than actually. still there are the energy costs to think about. we use talking at room temperature now we've got much pressure we don't control in the unit you're seeing the machine is quite simple and we believe you'd be more efficient also in terms of energy costs should be around 95 percent more efficient in terms of both of let's say in the choir less water required and less. present we are tearing down forests to plant the crops to feed the animals that end up on our plates. fine. a way to feed people and protect the planet is one of the great challenges about all that.
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at the end of the big it comes down to people like you went on to make some noise about the safety of our planet the people of climate conferences after all are our representatives attempting to solve possibly the biggest crisis of the next 100 years i hope you will make your voice heard we'll be back next week once again until then the dot. com. caught up.
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what keeps us in shape what makes us sick and how do we stay healthy. my name is dr carson the i talk to medical expert. watch that network. and i discuss what you can do to go he. stay tuned and let's all try to stay. good shape next on.
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this young woman from gaza city has a dream i just want to be myself live freely and sing and have my own life my own job. no fear. but in the constraints of the gaza strip a society dominated by men it's almost impossible things still firmly foetuses together . 3060 minutes. was the speech of his life perhaps his best certainly his most difficult. the speech by calling dresden on december 19th 1989. shortly after the fall of the of the chancellor addresses the people of east
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germany. the newest tent the crowd clamors for german unity journalist peter lim borg was at the scene. 30 years later he looks back on the time tristen starts december 19th d.w. . welcome to in good shape coming up. veggie pills could broccoli protect you from sunburn. faux tapeworm how dangerous is this parasite to humans. and shingles how to treat this painful skin rash now here's your host dr coston lake hello and welcome to in good shape.


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