tv The Day Deutsche Welle December 18, 2019 3:02am-3:31am CET
the number of journalists killed in 2019 marks a 16 year low the reason fewer people are taking the risk to report from war zones and 2019 for the 1st time not a single journalist died while working abroad tonight the growing dangers in our backyards myths that misinformation like never before political leaders openly attacking a free press and voters bombarded with the message don't trust the media i'm burnt off in berlin this is the day. the message that the government is sending is very clear to be silent for your next and that it's in the in the extreme fatness against journalists is all those outlets in america and in tears when the just the international community is
sending just dismissing that state sufficient power it can get to wheat we smell during a joint at least partially condemn the murder of the john of the stephanie cutter was an attack on free media. center this must feel safe. in europe. also coming up at recruiting future neo nazis a report on the growing popularity of mixed martial arts here in germany and why it's attracting hooligans and far right extremists. but. full contact sport i think that's the thing which is the most appealing it's the develop one with the right wing we see in not only in sports it's we see in a hostile society. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all around the world welcome we begin the day with
a sobering statistic for those of us who work and report the news in 201949 journalists were killed doing their job and its yearly reports reporters without borders says that most journalists who were killed were killed in just 5 countries they are syria mexico afghanistan pakistan and somalia the good news is that that number is a 16 year low but a low for the world there is a disturbing trend journalists being detained and arrested arbitrarily and many end up in prison tonight $389.00 journalists are behind bars china tops the list again with a 120 journalists that have been imprisoned now we know that is 120 that's a guess we have no way of knowing the exact number in china and it's followed by egypt saudi arabia syria and turkey reporters without borders says that homemade
threats against journalists are growing they include politicians attacking the media from washington d.c. to manila and in iran journalists were recently arrested simply for trying to cover recent protests against a hike in gas prices the iranian government has also intensified its harassment of persian speaking journalists working abroad. new chabot grotty knows what it means when press freedom is threatened the editor in chief of prague based radio farda the persian service of radio free europe radio liberty says harris meant of exiled journalists by the iranian regime has escalated during the current protests. intelligence officers have been. operating different accounts and different websites in order to the frame the journalist protests against fuel price rises erupted in iran in november the state responded with violence and nationwide
internet blackouts domestic media have faced increased censorship and broadcasters based abroad are among the only other sources of information that their reporting appears to have angered the iranian regime. who normally what they do all day summoned their parents. to iranian intelligence ministry quarters. they force them to contact their loved ones and to tell them to resign immediately and they say if they don't resign i we would bring them back to iran. some overseas persian language media have had the assets confiscated and their journalists branded as terrorists but despite the risks the exiled reporters say they will continue their work in their words journalism is not a crime. when you know the big table is because you're near he's director of
reporters without borders in germany it's always good to see you christiane i want to pick up on what we just saw there concerning iran i mean what we see happening in iran it is not a big surprise is it because it's a place that doesn't enjoy the press freedoms as we do with the west for example in the right yeah unfortunately you are right i would be happy to disagree on this but iran i mean for a long time is one of the biggest jailers weld wide of genesis not among the top 5 but it's among the top 10. just pretty prison him putting journalists in prison for doing that job the number of journalists killed in 2019 draw a 16 year low a major reason is that fewer reporters are going abroad to cover wars crisis regions are not getting reported on like they used to that's a troubling development isn't it that troubling development because it's producing black holes and you sold basically and i mean that's where we see where journalism
about its reporting about what's happening all over the word and more over this leads to another figure if you see look a bit more into details of this figure of 49 journalists having been killed 59 percent out of these 3049 journalists killed have been killed in countries which we call countries in peace like mexico pakistan and say this is much more troubling in your report makes clear that domestic threats are not decreasing and that includes wave after wave of misinformation that the public is being forced to confront with we hear about it all the time i want you to take a listen to what was said just last week at the u.n. climate conference about this information the reason we're here is because of the deep pockets and the power that's been exercised by fossil fuel companies and their allies around the world they've been spreading misinformation about the about the science they have you know strong. think progress on climate action. but you know
what's changing what's changing is the powerful of driver earth movement for climate action that we're building around the world there you have right there you have someone the climate conference saying you know part of the part of the battle we have is the misinformation that's out there so what does reporters without borders advise journalists to do i mean we're fighting in a battle zone so many fronts it seems i mean it sounds so simple my answer maybe but in the end i think it's you have to fact check and maybe seeing twice before sending out tweets before sharing misinformed piece and i mean that's i think 11 of the basic ways how we could and should fight misinformation which existed which pollutes basically the news and why and in that way i think on a broader level we have to talk about this information pollution as well if we don't know how to regulate to actually sink but this is a long discussion but we do have some initiatives on this what can be done would
you think is thinking we've got the u.s. presidential election happening next year there's a lot of talk about misinformation as well as election manipulation. coming up what kin journalists do to ensure that a free press survives and that pursuit of the truth is not corrupt i mean we have to look on it on a twofold way 1st of all i think journalism as such and a journalist among themselves they have to be in solidarity if one of them is attacked and i think this is something which you shouldn't and the s. team mate comparing the u.s. and germany with other countries but the obvious thing is really be accurate be consistent in filmation and be as i said in advance to be be be transparent maybe some some somehow a bit more about how you inform how you investigate and we know that users that audiences appreciate this very much. and this costs maybe
a bit more but you have to engage more with the audience which is they're out there on twitter and facebook but i think in order for not losing their credibility i think that's important because journalism is important fought zoo where it's because everything what we know about the world we know but journalist richard wright credibility is a big factor for us where in the world before we let you go where in the world is it best to be a journalist now what does reporters without borders think i mean it's a very good question because we talk so much about negative things but you look to the scandinavian countries look to no way finland say we have a highly diverse the chief of media hype pluralism we have almost no attacks we have a very good freedom of information act and i think scandinavia norway finland r.z. stream countries that you just have to like the snow if you want to work there christian media with the director of reporter without borders germany because that is always good to see you thank you thank you. the question is now a valid one will the boeing 737 max ever leave the ground again yesterday the u.s.
plane manufacturer boeing announced that it is suspending production of its 737 max airliner beginning in january the entire fleet was grounded less march following 2 fatal crashes in the span of just 5 months boeing has not delivered any new 737 matches since then and that is key to this story the 7 $37.00 max is but wings best selling plane boeing is also the largest industrial employer in the united states this is spent and will have knock on effects for parts suppliers thousands and thousands of jobs are now in jeopardy. there are 400 brand new 737 max aircraft parked in boeing's holding area they've been grounded since april this year some are even parked in the employee parking lot the production stop slated for this coming january is a drastic measure and it's bad for boeing's $12000.00 employees i think hauling production as is a pretty major downside that disrupts the whole supply chain that puts labor and
terrible. causes. a real loss of the economies of scale that this airplane has that you keep that assembly line go on because of all the efficiencies in october 28th seen as 737 max crashed in indonesia then another one went down in ethiopia last march 346 passengers were killed in those 2 plane crashes with the 737 maxes faulty steering software playing a decisive role in both incidents so far boeing has been unable to deliver a software correction that can be approved by the us federal aviation administration the 737 is boeing's best selling aircraft airline's of place thousands of orders so u.s. airlines and european air carriers of had to cancel flights due to lack of aircraft the airlines themselves are in just a terrible spot because they're selling spring break they're selling summer without
knowledge of what their fleet is and all parties need to have complete transparency here so we can come up with some reasonable plan you know get this crisis get things back on track the loss of production at boeing might have a ripple effect that could burden the entire u.s. economy. well for more on boeing's misfortune i'm joined tonight by julian bray he's an expert in security he joins me tonight from cambridge in the u.k. it's good to see you again you have been tweeting throughout the day that this suspension will become permanent why do you think. it's quite good eating but it's quite simple there's a whole supply chain behind this production this means a component to live the just in time knowing doesn't carry any stock and all these
components programmed into the production so if they go into council production it means that everybody in the supply chain and there are thousands of manufacturers building various components for this aircraft they will be very seriously. disadvantaged shall we say some make those rules on businesses make may close and some component may not be made again i mean well what you're predicting is catastrophic for boeing these 737 max is its best selling airplane is there an aircraft that could suddenly come in and take the place of the 737 minutes hang on a minute max might be the best selling aircraft but if it can't fly what have you got so you got a pile of junk really needs to be needs to be safe and the problem they've gone to is a try to rush this through now i've said all along and we've talked about it before
yeah and i said there's no way that aircraft is going to get back in the air any time soon and of course what has happened now is they have and you've also. and the f.a.a. which is the american regulator was accused of being in bed with boeing if you like it's like a school child marking his own homework most of the regulate tree tests they had to go through were carried out by boeing on behalf of the f.a.a. so they're playing really hard pull now and saying there's no way this aircraft is going back until we all started side not buying is satisfied so what do you see happening now because i'm just thinking about of the impact of this on the entire us economy is going to be tremendous is there anything that boeing can do to try to mitigate this impact. well for a start you've got to remember that this aircraft 737 it's got a very old airframe and they did not cheat build this plane from scratch they
actually adapted an old airframe and put 2 very large engines slung forward of the wings so that caused all the problems with the with the leveling device not working so the plane went down and finally crashed and so what you got here is they've got to decide whether they're going to scrap this completely and this is the doomsday scenario if you like and say right we start again we realize it's this is a bad aircraft from the marking point of view from everybody's point of view there have been 2 serious crashes we can get these things right and i understand there are stress problems with the existing airframe because it's never built to carry these huge engines is carried is built to carry smaller engines initially not so fuel efficient but that was the aircraft and it's very very successful ryanair for example has a whole fleet of them and they've been very happy with them but obviously they've
ordered new ones everybody's old and new and british airways of struck a deal with boeing as well but if you can't fly the aircraft then you have a problem so what is happening now is that there's also a boeing plant in china and china got about 129 of these aircraft sitting there my prophecy if you like a bit of crystal ball gazing is that i think they're going to close down that production line and it isn't going to open again because once you just drop the supply chain you cannot get all the components back again and they will have to find new suppliers to retro fit retro to make these components and want to bring it back on straight what about something in a lifetime. yeah you need a minimal china i think yeah i think they'll move the whole lot to china say look you guys we're going to try something else now see if you can get it working. that
is the only logical way to go they cannot go on with this this well it's it's a sick aircraft and there's no other word for it yet whatever they tried to do they tried revamping the software the angle of attack senses will fold say they too are. putting stress the stress fracture fractures on the original ass frame which that all string up to retro design to cope with the new. stresses that on this aircraft had really when they fix it all and all the the say it gets back in the do you really want to fly on this aircraft knowing the history it does except for it's a good it's a good question mr mr bray and i mean i do wonder though how boeing would be able to justify you know sending production out of the country especially in this era of american 1st and u.s. president donald trump we will see julian they already were unfortunate were
already they already sent it out yes that's true that's true we're unfortunate we're out of time mr julian bray b.-h. an expert it's always good talking with you mr gray we will see what happens with this airplane thank you. mixed martial arts or m.m.a. has exploded in popularity here in germany however it's not yet a mainstream sport and it's not one that everyone watches or talks about such as football with soccer and that is what some observers say makes it a breeding ground for hooligans and far right extremists we have this report on a sport that some are using to recruit neo nazis. mixed martial artists nico sounds and he is one of germany's most talented young fighters also a social worker he knows and then a has a dark side it's a platform for hooligans and members of the far right it's. full contact sport so. for sure if you're viewing this from the perspective that it's also 'd
a useful could or could be useful using this in the street i think that's the thing which is the most appealing for them. countless promotional videos shared online demonstrate hooligans and right wing extremists are using the sport to prepare themselves for violence and as a means to recruit new members. it's common to see m.m.a. trained hooligans working out in football uniforms of clubs with known far right elements and their fan base. hooligans and far right fighters have their own spaces for training and events this is possible because mixed martial arts is not officially recognised as a sport in germany and lacks a single overriding governing body all this means it's nearly impossible to regulate samhsa needs a steers clear of hooligans but knows right wing recruitment is
a problem. the scene in germany should be aware of and should talk about it because it's a developed one with the right wing we see in not only in sports it's we see in all horses. he's trained in jim zwerg fighters were kicked out for their extreme far right views but he believes preventative work and education should be the 1st option. if you will ride one person you just start organizing yourself which is also dangerous because then you don't have an inside in what is happening there and maybe people start to recruit. all the people which is also dangerous development expert pavel claiming says steps have to be taken to solve the issue because it is less controlled there are more opportunities for them to to organize things and to to be in control be sickly i think rick ignition.
great the regulation of the sports will will will benefit it and will help to fight off the far right influence these changes could go a long way to ensuring the far right and hooligans don't have a fighting chance to recruit through mixed martial arts. and for more on that now i'm joined here at the big table by julia tornadoes she is one of the authors of the report you just saw and she also happens to be and a world champion it's good to have you on this show. talk to me about this sport why do you think mixed martial arts is is the place where it's easy or more easily. able to recruit people for the far right to be one of neo nazis attracted to the sport that you love that's a good question but i guess from experience and i also know from experience that that's the closest to the street you know it's like it's like easy your clothes
have the physical ability to hit someone easily it can kick you can punch and i've know you have to. judo so more and kicking and so i think it's pretty attractive plus the hooligans nowadays as we know from the studies are physically very strong and they're not to be a belly people anymore they train for the day eggs so it's called and that is what the day when when things happen with the end of the world as we know it comes right and then they need to fight back they need to fight back what is it there were mixed martial arts that makes it better to recruit compared to soccer for example there's basketball soccer ice hockey what is it about. do you think that makes it better to recruit. while they see is violent like they say m m a's the violent way like you can actually express yourself and i mean i'm an athlete you know i'm a world champion myself and you do not look like
a hooligan no no i'm not i mean i hate my political convictions another thing but i mean i love the sport because i love it and it's so much for me it's judo and it's like you know the very idea is of martial arts and i don't know i don't understand actually why they love it what have you experienced you're world champion so you've been around all types of people who were directed to this board have you witnessed recruitment going on. not myself but i know from experience like there were some fight because there were some events like. for example where people were known for their fall right background and for violence so there they have been banned. and then the other events are still like underground stuff i mean we we on the global stage you know it's growing it's a fast growing sport and then we have to make sure that this is not going to happen and how do you do that how does someone like you work
a other person in the sport who is there secretly to recruit neo nazis. we see. as a big issue because we all athletes and we i mean we can do the prevention of stuff like tell them it's not good to do that but to like kick them out or exclude them from the happening it's dangerous because then they start they're going to go yeah they're on the outside and they start doing their own group and their own stuff and their own business do you need regulation with more regulation the media need something i mean for example football soccer had something like you know. do you need something that struck structured like that so you know we have discussed it and yeah yeah it's not a secret we need this one governing body for like for example and if we have become make sure that it's actually governmental founded we have the money to do the pressure of work and yeah i may not to be misused as a violent sport it's fascinating the development and it's just one that you
wouldn't expect to happen but we appreciate you bringing it to us julia dorney from our sports desk do you think you were 2020 will mark the 250th birthday for one of germany's biggest music stars in the big on beethoven will leave you now with sights and sounds of a timeless composer and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see that everybody.
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