Skip to main content

tv   DW News Corona Special  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2020 1:00pm-1:31pm CEST

1:00 pm
gray. ghost world. documentary stores many. w. . this is d w news live from berlin germany an ounce is the 1st steps toward lifting its lockdown and reopening the economy. we have to understand that as long as there's no vaccine we have to live with the virus. chancellor angela merkel says that beginning next monday small shops can open for business again but social distancing measures will stay in place also coming up
1:01 pm
a gloomy economic outlook for asia the international monetary fund it says there will be 0 growth in the region for the 1st time since the 1960 s. because of the coronavirus and surviving the coronavirus in the slums of nairobi they are short of food and social distancing doesn't mean much in those cramped conditions. i'm sorry kelly walk into the program germany is preparing to gradually reopen its schools and allow smaller shops to resume business chancellor angela merkel announced the measures after consulting the leaders of germany's 16 states many restrictions will remain in place though as the country continues to fight the coronavirus pandemic now the chancellor said that the country's efforts to contain the outbreak have been partially successful but that the situation remains fragile
1:02 pm
. it's been 3 weeks since chancellor angela merkel announced the initial restrictions on contact now they're being largely extended social distancing rules will remain in place until may 3rd groups will remain limited to 2 people and at least 1.5 metres must be kept from others from may 4th to schools will gradually reopen 1st for school leavers in primary and secondary education day care will remain shut religious gatherings will also remain banned while major events including germany's beloved football will be called off until august 31st. meanwhile restaurants cafes theatres cinemas and music venues will keep their shutters down only shops up to $800.00 metres squared can reopen from monday facemasks are also being recommended in shops and on transport announcing the
1:03 pm
amended restrictions chancellor angela merkel warned against complacency but. what we've achieved is an interim success no more no less and i emphasise it is a fragile interim success this is now determined our deliberations that should be no rushing forward even if it's with the best intentions we have to understand that as long as there's no vaccine we have to live with the virus. that's kind them become in the. controls along germany's land borders with its neighbors in the schengen free travel zone will also remain in place for another 20 days. so how do people in berlin feel about the new measures. i'm not surprised and i assume that it will continue on like this. first it's ok easing the restrictions is more difficult than the shutdown it's like being on a diet when you're strict it's ok but the moment you start loosening the rules is
1:04 pm
when the danger starts. but what they're looking for for the bars and the clubs again. for now germany will continue keeping its distance. and for more let's bring in now lars felt he is the chairman of the german council of economic experts and of the panel of experts at the science academy leopold vienna that presented the plan for how determined authorities should reopen the country thank you so much for joining us this afternoon hello good afternoon we heard their chancellor angela merkel saying that we have to live with the virus until this vaccine is found but that will probably not be until the middle of next year so i'd like to ask you because you have recommended using this lockdown now is it really realistic. well. what we need to do is. insufficient information of.
1:05 pm
lowly. colony and social life. this is what the government is now doing it is. something extend the bill. i ask every 2 weeks of work the yard come with the results of these. years whether there is an increasing number of sections or not and then we can have additional opening. measures for the economy like the. rest of the year we have to find out whether the restrictions that are going to be lifted or whether we need to continue with them in order to keep the number of interactions low until we have a big c. but it's a delicate balance as an air between you know lifting the restrictions with the economy in mind and having the structures in place with human lives in mind how do
1:06 pm
you strike that balance. well i'm happy that the government just as. responsible of. what you need to find out. what is the situation regarding actions at the moment. given or. not half difficulties to cope with the number of inspections that system so. it's. not reached a capacity of one as a system yet. it is necessary to its dead level to ensure that we don't have. a number of inspections hospitals which would be beyond pesty of those hospitals and this is meaning that every step. that the government is not going to take the next couple of weeks. looking at those
1:07 pm
inspections and on the other hand it must ensure. information that the databases on which these decisions are taken this improve week to be so this is also very important because. we also have the economy in my in mind or rather those officials have the economy in mind and there are several models that are out there which predict that the german economy could recover quite quickly after this crisis if you had your crystal ball in front of you given you know the challenges that are ahead what sort of timeline do you think that we are looking at. well when we. presented or projections for the economy for this year couple of weeks ago we saw this 5 weeks of shutdown. first slowly. we're opening up 30 economy again. which cost us about 3 percent of g.d.p. so a minus 3 percent given that the shutdown is continuing much more strongly in the
1:08 pm
realization. of equal expect that the downturn is stronger that they're going to have a recession. so this is the situation i'm thinking about i'm still believing that you can realize nation of economic development so sharp decline in the 2nd order of 22020 and then shopper increase starting sometime in order continue next year. what we need to await. well with this as much as we can is a w. formation. if of infections. well ok so but no matter which way you cut it you think that this is really painful here for the economy we thank you for that analysis and that perspective lawrence felt chairman of the german council of economic experts. thank you very much. and here's
1:09 pm
a look at some other stories making news around the world south korea's ruling party has won a victory in the country's general election the left leaning democratic party and a satellite party won 100 in 80 out of $300.00 seats voter turnout was the highest in 3 decades despite the poll taking place under strict coronavirus containment measures. israel's president has tasked the country's parliament with forming a government after parliament speaker benny gantz and prime minister benjamin netanyahu missed a deadline to reach a unity deal the country could now face its 4th election in the air. france's defense ministry says that almost 700 out of nearly 2000 sailors onboard it's sheilds and all aircraft carrier and escort vessels have tested positive for the corona virus more than 30 have been hospitalized the carrier was ordered back to port after an outbreak on board. well we had to asia now where the i.m.f.
1:10 pm
says that the asia pacific region will experience 0 growth this year for the 1st time since the 1960 s. due to the massive economic damage caused by the corona virus the new report warns that the impact in asia could be quite severe across the board and unprecedented massive drops in industrial and retail activity a major supply chain disruption and a huge collapse in demand from europe and north america have been felt across the continent since the start of the year is very unclear and couldn't from business who's covering the story for us i mean it's quite clear the coronavirus having a devastating effect economically what are the biggest factors for the i.m.f. shaping the outlook in particular in asia well i think when we look at there's no good time to have a global health fund demick but the timing in this case was particularly bad because asian economies were already slowing down because of the u.s. china trade war on economies were slowing john. early january has the i.m.f.
1:11 pm
said columnist asia economist he said that a just service sector in particular will struggle you're going to have airlines factories shops and restaurants much like you're seeing here in europe and in the in the rest of the world but it is the worst recession since the great depression a synchronized contraction is what we're seeing as well so it's all happening at once which is also a big problem for asia which is so dependent on trade the worst recession since the great depression i mean a lot of people are also looking at you know the last crisis to really rock the global economy that was the crisis of 2009 back then we saw china really pull the global economy out of it they had they were able to pick up some of the slack and it sounds like they can't do that this time around no back then the chinese economy was growing 9 percent more over 9 percent even during the whole the whole period of the recession this time it's under a lot more pressure it doesn't it just doesn't have the seem to have the money that it did to to help it's still got the trade issues going on. even though its
1:12 pm
factories are started to to produce goods again there's nowhere to sell them so china isn't going to be able to bail out the world economy this time around talk to us a little bit more about the infrastructures that are in place especially in asia when we're talking about social safety nets for example i mean that's not necessarily something that exists in many countries so what can be done in asia to prevent people from slipping through the cracks during these this downturn i think is exactly like you say i mean these are emerging economies a lot of them you have your tigers and everything but it's still very very difficult a lot of these very poor countries. which were just coming into into high periods of growth i think what the i.m.f. is saying is that whatever it takes they say that governments should just do whatever means necessary to try and rescue the situation they should use policy they can use whatever means necessary they can apply to the i.m.f. for money as indeed many of them have so there's lots of different options open but
1:13 pm
they need to use everyone clifford clinton for this thank you. flown out to kenya and its capital nairobi where 60 percent of the population about 2 and a half 1000000 people live in cramped conditions in urban slums many relying on schools to provide meals for their children but those are now closed and food banks for the poor and homeless are rare in kenya so some businesses and n.g.o.s are calling on people to donate money food and goods for those in need. but with the arrival of the coronavirus in kenya a young group of volunteers set up an initiative to distribute food to those who can't stock up together with community activists they now do regular food runs in poorer neighborhoods around nairobi and consuming. we do light on donations from the public so we get donations and then we buy food in bulk. and repack them in smaller relief box which required sanitation and food packs so in the packs there's
1:14 pm
like 2 killers of flour $500.00 drums of beans red beans there's a 500 grams of sugar and. the mother islam house is over 200000 people many here don't have running water sanitation entire families live in single room shacks and social distancing is a luxury they conforte. rachel mccully a community activist lives here and knows who needs the food most the elderly the sick and orphans are priorities you know even so everyone here feels the effects of the economic downturn. most even some of the members. they can't afford now. and then some of the employers. in the past 2 weeks a number of initiatives have come up online asking people to donate food or money to poor households the good thing is that people can donate money via their mobile phones from the safety of their home in case of
1:15 pm
a lockdown this might be the best way of reaching those and meet. government hasn't reached people here in the funds for the elderly and orphans rachel says that with the support of private initiatives they have helped 400 households. the volunteers know it's only a drop in the ocean but at least it's a start. and you're watching news live from berlin i'm sorry kelly thank you so much for joining us good morning website www dot com or on social media. there. combating the pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and. our corona. 19 special next on d w. how does
1:16 pm
a virus spread. why do we have it and then we'll. just through the. weekly radio show is called spectrum if you would like any information on the coronavirus or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast so you can get your podcast you can also find us at. science. it's been a pedophile. i mean how does it feel to have covered 19. somebody had taken a scuba dive. into water. i was immobile even the time i couldn't move my head i looked out of the corner of my eye and i saw people falling. i didn't know if it was real or not.
1:17 pm
but i was not seemed wished for and. they were lucky to survive the global tally of coronavirus deaths has already passed the mark of 120000 in hospitals everywhere medical staff give their all towards slowing the rise. i'm seeing young patients old patients people of all age ranges who are just incredibly sick and you can even hear it now as i'm walking through patient rooms ever hallway you just hear oxygen and. the virus has not been selective with its targets and each case has its own story so what exactly happens in the body of your own covert 19 and are there any long term health effects.
1:18 pm
these are some of the questions on which we're going to focus on this edition of covert 19 special i'm chris coburn berlin it is good to have you with us now high fever a dry cough and difficulty breathing those are the most common symptoms of covert 19 some people show mild signs of the disease other more severe ones so let's take a look at how long a person actually stays sick after contracting the virus. if they call the virus on day one they will probably be contagious starting on day 2 or 3 and this last for about 2 weeks symptoms might start of the later and might even be present when people are not contagious anymore on average some 14 percent of patients with symptoms have to be admitted to hospital for up to 20 days and half
1:19 pm
of these hospitalized patients on average end up in an intensive care unit. now for more let's bring in professor close gobby he's a palm unary doctor and former president of the german respiratory society it's good to have you on the program how does covert 19 differ from other respiratory diseases and what does it mean to the people treating patients 1st of all. thank you for having me this is a relevant question that's been asked to doctors like me all the time listen there are commonalities and it's commonalities of this is a virus infection it means to get a certain school off such as disney and some patients some monsters and as you described. they are some differences and that is what we've learned we've learned that people who may have survived this for a few days at a basic 78 they become severe they get out of this they sort of if you teach it to
1:20 pm
do x. and they may sometimes fall it makes these people 2 percent with most of the diseases when this is when needed insecure treat what is the biggest problem with people that need this intensive care treatment. one of the things obviously the meat of the capacity had to post them and to treat them in hospitals that may have seen the reports from around the world shortages of intensive care bags has been. a major shortfall in this discussion in systems like ours in djibouti and presence wearing out about capacity that seems manageable although takes a lot of toll from the nurses and the doc says the intensive care units immediate care in intensive care with oxygen supply with the delivery of is a provocation crew to be education is something which is needed then. they should he says we don't we have a lead treatment available other than
1:21 pm
a sort of met treatment in the if you do severe individual right and patients that end up in intensive care usually need to be ventilated at which point do you decide to do that. well there are holes that are not covered specifically if you want to if someone develops this full of pneumonia which starts with an interesting should you know me as we say it in the c.t. scan and it's that of all these people drop with the oxygen tension these people get says it is now it may be measured in oxygen tension below a certain level that's a time when you realize that there's a fatigue of respiration be beneath that sort of support these people have been put on and then to think that in intensive care some people will breathe maybe with not in places that your nation to avoid mechanical ventilation or a lot of people and they get your ventilation and this is where they end up and as you this is not a point that it's a good different different we learned with the time that the duration of the
1:22 pm
insulation these individuals he's a loner it dissipated and it takes quite a few days until it does it's decided we should think ok and what does it mean being ventilated for the patients themselves. it means that you're not conscious it means that you are deeply sedated in a way coma that's what it's something to report it to us you will be injured they get to choose and the air system where you can relate it and you will be met today to buy a machine with a certain oxygen delivery to certain pressure to take over the mechanic or who you are leading at the time when you look at a poll of saturating you're going to the exchange it's in extreme situation it takes a lot of fall and it is easy you states and you know from the figures that a lot of people unfortunately die under these conditions can you tell us anything about the long term possible long term impacts to patients lungs fully recover once
1:23 pm
the infection is over. i think that's a very relevant question and we've been asked this for 4 or 4 people obviously the sooner all or the certain terms of the disease it's called a r.v.'s people probably have seen this emergence of pute respiratory distress syndrome it means there is chaos if you wanted the love there is legion is off the vessels and all the man brings in the love there's a lot of information going on we know from the literature from the air tickets that a lot of people will have follow up problems with the novels they scar they will develop some sort of what we call fibrosis these things maybe last for quite a long time once you survive so the research is now addressing this already long term consequences of the known disease but also other diseases the heart is one of the insists that it will be affected so who you would expect then once people
1:24 pm
survive and intense candidates of nation there's a high chats for long term follow ups where a lot of for obligations unfortunately close dr thank you for sharing your insights . thank you very much for having me. and staying with the experts he's a biologist a science journalist and our resident corona expert. and he's been answering many of the questions you sent us about the corona virus pandemic is our latest human a 2nd. one who has had covert 1000 catch it again there were some disquieting reports earlier this week from south korea's centers for disease control that 91 patients there who had coded 19 and survived it tested positive again later for the disease the w.h.o. has also stated that it's unclear whether recover patients are immune that's
1:25 pm
critical because immunity is at the heart of strategies for combating the virus the problem is that the body reacts to different pathogens in different ways sometimes with a sustained immune response that lasts a lifetime sometimes with one that lasts practically no time at all so the answer to the question of whether or after how long you can be really infected is we don't know yet however a couple of different studies have looked at how long the typical immune response lasts with related coronaviruses ones that cause colds and they show the immune response they are remains fairly robust after a year and studies of how long sars and burrs patients continue to produce defensive antibodies against those who wrote the viruses seem to back that estimate
1:26 pm
up so what experts are hoping is that infection should provide some extent of immunity to most people for at least a year but it will take time to figure out. can you really use disposable masks if you leave them out for 3 days between wires this is a really tough question to answer because there's been so much debate surrounding not only the question of whether masks need to be worn by her everyone but also whether or not they can actually prove dangerous if they're not put on properly or or handled correctly. disposable masks are made to be disposed of after a single use and the name the w.h.o. continues to recommend disposal after a single years but but masks are in short supply during the pandemic and even medical staff and many places are having to consider questions like whether they
1:27 pm
can be cleaned or re used the centers for disease control in the us recommends that when there simply aren't enough masks to go around health workers only reuse them every 5 days and store the masks after use in breathable paper bags of course that's for trained professionals acting in a crisis but it's a guideline lacking others it's what i would probably do myself but it's really a sub optimal solution w. science editor terry williams speaking there and that's it for this edition of cover 1000 special for more of the pandemic to check out our social media channels on our website at the w. dot com which is dedicated to covert 1000 pages in 30 languages we'll leave you now with the story of a 12 year old boy in mexico doing his part to help bridge supply gaps and face shields for medical staff. has been using a 3 d.
1:28 pm
printer to create the shields and each one taking about 45 minutes to make he's already made some 100 visors to give to medics in his state of one haka 12 year old corgi certainly doing his bit. i'm. bolen thanks for joining us and take a. look. at. when others give up. natalia keeps on fighting. many russian mothers are in similar situations. their sons have run afoul of the country's arbitrary justice her only hope is protest. and she's not on the.
1:29 pm
block synthesis of that up next on d w a enter the conflict zone and year after year the war in yemen goes along with no apparent end in sight but who's really trying to stop it my guest this week here in munich is the country's foreign minister mohammad abdullah a german company thousands of civilian casualties can be enormous human suffering all beings from nothing. complex. in 60 minutes phone d.w. . like. oh. my god says love our food for the russians so. it runs to. so
1:30 pm
many different walks of life. some are pumping and oddly trying to get all of them to come straight from the heart to explore celia deep in a corner in the morning delicious the mush for. and. from news of the law to their final resting place the russian. hello and a very warm welcome indeed to focus on europe with me peter craven and we begin in vladimir putin's russia a russia that tolerates little in the way of protest and those who do have the courage.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on