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tv   Eco Africa  Deutsche Welle  July 8, 2020 2:30pm-3:01pm CEST

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you know that many member states in europe are involved in the transatlantic partnership but europe needs to rely here on itself we need to be able to decide the future of europe in this rapidly changing world we need to decide whether we take europe seriously whether we want so europe's identity to be safeguarded in times of crisis so we need strong european foreign and security policy now one key partner will remain the united kingdom we need to shape our future relationship and that would keep us busy over the next 6 months progress in negotiations thus far have been. to put it to diplomatically we've agreed with the united kingdom to accelerate the pace of talks to reach an agreement by autumn an agreement that can be ratified by the end of the year i will
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continue to push for a good solution but we should also prepare for a possible new deal scenario. during our presidency we need to do everything within our power to focus on 3 further foreign policy goals firstly on accession conferences we need to engage in talks with north macedonia and albania so that the western balkans accession prospects we also need to look at our relationship with our neighboring continent africa we will have in a e.u. a conference and we need to look at future prospects will talk about migration for example there are so many people and precedented numbers fleeing. and so europe has a key responsibility here when it comes to asylum refugee policy we need to make progress here it is very pretty. tickly sensitive and we need to show that
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sensitivity but we cannot look the other way we need to face up to our humanitarian responsibilities and show solidarity. when it's let's then. finally we need to look at our strategic relationship with china no we have a trade relationship but we have different societal and views particularly when it comes to human rights and rule of law in. the e.u. china's summit unfortunately cannot take place in september but we want to continue open dialogue with china during the german presidency we will continue discussions on foreign and security policy whether we want to retain the unanimity principle or not what lessons europe can learn from the coronavirus pandemic. for example sovereignty in the health care sector how we can strengthen our sovereignty
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in this area. we want to consider these issues as part of the conference on the future of europe last year the european commission suggested such a conference and you have many ideas on this conference i would urge that the conference focus on a few key issues to deliver tangible results so that citizens across different member states can engage in discussions i've already discussed this today with david soli the president of the european parliament president commission president ladies and gentlemen do we want to safeguard europe then we need all that i've discussed today fundamental cohesion a response to climate change and digitalisation europe needs to face its responsibility in the world we need to agree no more digital more innovative.
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competitive euro. europe needs to stand for rules based order on the world stage and it must represent innovation and sustainability around the world that is our vision for europe. perhaps i could conclude with a personal lurd note. it. is a particular. really wonderful let's look delighted to know that during our presidency you look think fun beethoven will be commemorated in december. whenever i listen to his music i discover something new really touches me the same can be said of europe but we rediscover it new each and every day and i'm always impressed by your so i want to finish up by referring to the message of peace over this music and i hope that that will guide us into the
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future what a better message is. than he is europe is capable if we stick together and if we stand united thank you very much yeah yeah yeah yeah. yeah yeah every student. chancellor merkel. no. mention of the welcome back if you're just joining us you've seen a german chancellor angela merkel there addressing the european parliament as
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germany's and taking over the rotating you council presidency we heard chancellor merkel talking about the shared values and every listen to the commission president from the line of finance. we truly look forward to the beginning of the german council presidency you don't choose council presidencies of course they are allocated a strict road. germany has it during the times that with challenges that nobody could predict these expectations of german the german presidency are high but that is a positive thing because it means that we place our trust in. ladies and gentlemen the credit crisis has caused so many things into question on the economic side for the social side. and so many things that we have been taking for granted the way we perceive ourselves and the way we perceive the relationship with us for
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all of this takes place against a backdrop when the structures that have existed for so long become making. gradually fragile. we are called upon to think about the values of solidarity community. being who we are beginning to think. about the future of our europe that needs to be reshaped on an ongoing basis and it's true that at the beginning we tended to look at the small things and lose sight of the big picture but we pulled ourselves together and soon saw the situation through european eyes and felt the situation with the european heart. so madam chancellor. it was also
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because of the german contribution to the. discussions that responsibility for everything as a whole once again came is to focus not just. once we've. heard those words and seen actually give us hope across the continent. and everything. that is good to hear and i must also be good for us. and when i hear that i see that this is the guiding principle this is the model like us we're living in now that's because we discovered this responsibility for the home and i think that is going to be a very sound basis for any presidency and it will set the course for the future of the union remember. the challenge ahead of you with a changing presidency and ahead of us all in the next 6 months could
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not be more extraordinary and in the last 6 months more than 100000 lives have been lost in europe because of cover 1000 we have entered the worst recession since almost 100 years. the summer forecast from yesterday shows a contraction of more than 8 percent this year with only a partial rebound next year this crisis is deeper and it is way broader than the 110 years ago but the 110 years ago is still vividly present in the memories and some of our member states during that crisis and your sky rocketing us unemployment
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they saw young people leaving home in droves to search for job opportunities elsewhere they saw an unprecedented drop in public investment to historical low levels all of which ultimately damaged public programs and public infrastructure severely. and from many this was a traumatizing experience. but it does not have to be that way and other parts of our union the economy was supported by strong public investment from the very beginning of the crisis people were able to stay in that jobs that was when the concept of culture vide was implemented on a large scale and this allowed some to come out stronger
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from the crisis then they went in it and we should draw lessons from this and this time we should do it together if we do it right we can also emerge stronger from this crisis thanks to a common european purpose and thanks to next generation issue and this presidency has chosen one word at the core of its program good minds and together to some soma and that's the engine of our union honorable members there are 2 points i want to emphasize 1st of all. solidarity means that those who need it get more support but what it does not intend survives. is
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a lack of action and that is why in next generation you investment is linked to reforms based on our existing country specific recommendation in the european semester and let me tell you each and every members state has a whole work to do there's not one member states that has not country specific recommendations that should be linked as reforms to the investment and if we want to come out stronger from this crisis we must all change for the better there is not a single member state that is exempted from that we must all change from to the better and this is also what european people expect from us they are certainly very different in their individual expectations but they are completely united in wanting to drink clean water to breathe fresh air to see their children
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grow up in nature and what they certainly not want is that politics contributions to increase flooding to heat waves to drought and to the loss of millions of species and this is a very real scenario in case of non action and therefore economic recovery isn't separable from the european green deal as well from digitalization and as for a well inseparable from resilience and my 2nd point is do not neglect the core m.f.f. our 7 year budget over next generation be due we need them both. one.
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next generation e.u. is for the acute crisis. but the m i 5 is there to stay it is the most important tool to implement our long term goals research innovation migration foreign policy security just to name a few and these policies need real european added value and they need a strong 7 year budget to bring all that to life honorable members all this has to be agreed now and the next weeks to clear the path for all the other topics that we want to tackle by the end of the year we will have to chart the path towards a goal of our goal of a climate neutral europe in september we will propose the european union's new 2030 climate target underpinned by
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a robust impact assessment and here cooperation with the european parliament and the european council will be vital we will also aim to click the digital transition into a higher gear mesdames emissivity putin. honorable members of cool decides don't. have the course of this presidency. we will do our utmost to ensure that an agreement can be reached with the united kingdom in order to ensure that we can perspective the core principles that bind us in europe and it's of course important for us to maintain strong transatlantic relations even if there are many problems and partnership with africa. is at the very heart of the council presidency as it is also at the very core of my own commission
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pro. it's of the front line of this virus but we must show very clearly that our partnership with africa is not a good time partnership but that solidarity prevails even when things get tough and we should continue to work with china to establish a partnership that is more balanced. at long last the time has come to open a conference on the future of europe we all want to get it started as soon as the health conditions are right. and it's for all those reasons that i truly pleased to be able to count on the experience of germany. and. the council. meeting last week showed us very clearly that this is the time to
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come together. on our side of messy book. and. you know this was. from the. last time with money for. the european people's party. for the american president right if you're just joining us now here on g.w. been watching some scenes there from the european parliament in brussels we saw the european commission president jose left on the line speaking there about the unprecedented challenge for it presented by the coronavirus pandemic and just before that we saw chancellor angela merkel delivering a statement outlining germany's priorities for a 6 month you counsel presidency which it took over in july 1st we should say this was the chancellor's 1st trip abroad since the pandemic and she talked about the need for cohesion and solidarity in taking on the challenges of this pandemic and
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we have our chief political correspondent a crane with us here in studio and a richard walker has been over in brussels listening in to those statements as well wisher we'll start with you there in brussels we heard from chancellor merkel a pretty wide ranging speech she was really drilling down on some of those shared values in the european union how do you think that's going to go down there in brussels. well i think it was the kind of speech that we would have expected from. you know appealing on all sorts of european themes trying to push european emotional battle buttons. speech talking about the music of beethoven just at the end and really calling for this. sense of togetherness which is the slogan of the europe the german presidency this year talking about making europe recover stronger together i think it was quite interesting at the beginning she had a fairly long section of the speech talking about rights which is something we
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weren't necessarily expecting her to emphasize on the level that she did and it was quite interesting that one or 2 comments in there came across potentially is implicit jabs against particular member states hungary came to mind when she was talking about the lockdown that was imposed during the corona crisis. suggesting that a crisis like this should never be used as a reason to impose unnecessary draconian powers and that there was a lot of criticism of hungary jury in a crisis for imposing an open ended state of emergency. as the pandemic really hit so that was one thing that was really quite interesting to hear from her but overall really emphasizing this sense of togetherness which is going to be needed for all the countries in the european union to pull together to try and find a deal on this economic recovery fund that we just talked about earlier really a rallying cry from her on that togetherness there richard is the key that is
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actually the model for germany's presidency of the council coming to you now what is the view from here in germany i mean this really is a big moment for chance i'm going merkel isn't it as for me takes over this rotating presidency it has all these priorities indeed and i think there is broad support here at german in germany for. this presidency to play a fold role in europe the chancellor has emphasized from her very 1st public remarks during the corona crisis that this is the biggest crisis europe has ever faced in its history and she repeated that here and she has also told germans again and again essentially preparing themselves for the job they now have to do in the in the next 6 months that it is imperative for germany that the rest of europe do well there's a clear economic reason for that and it is the fact that germany is one of the world's most open economies it is
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a trading nation it is an export master and 70 percent of its trade just about both imports and exports is with the rest of europe in other words if the rest of europe is languishing germany will certainly languish too so i think when you hear her talking about the survival of europe this isn't just a phrase for her this is just boilerplate this is something that she knows and she is trying to convey both to the european union parliament as we saw there but to her own citizens as well that this is serious and we have to take bold action that we might not have been willing to take before if we want to see europe survive more central to that survival is of course the economic recovery of the block and richard coming back to you now one of the biggest priorities for chancellor merkel is something we heard her touch upon of course is that this multibillion euro coronavirus recovery plan which is incredibly important for the wealthier and the
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poor european states and she made she didn't mince her words when she said that this has to happen very soon but there's controversy on this planet tell us what the challenges are there. yeah i mean there are all sorts of challenges and really trying to stretch this out i mean that there's a there are basically kind of 2 plans that are just the genesis of a. it is being discussed now one which germany and france put forward together a few weeks ago of $500000000000.00 euros for for the whole block that would be primarily made up of grants so that money the countries would not have to pay back when they receive it then the european commission followed with a plan of $750000000000.00 euros and that is now the basis for discussion but with a higher proportion of loans so money that would have to be paid back there could be a lot of haggling ahead over you know what is the balance between grants and loans with countries that would see themselves more of contributors saying that they wanted to be more loans countries who have more be on the receiving end of the
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money of course saying that they don't want to be saddled with more debt they they want the money to come as grants but it was quite interesting to listen to some of the messaging from underlying from the commission president about this in her speech because it kind of connecting in with what melinda was just talking about there with angela merkel talking about how essential it is to do this founder lines message was essentially saying that there was an implication there that europe didn't really get it right 10 years ago with the massive financial crisis that hit of course around 20082009 that many countries particularly in southern europe were left with extremely high and very long lasting youth unemployment which really hurt an entire generation of young people and she was saying we don't need to do that this time and it was quoting seem to hear it from her because of course you know she's a member of. angela merkel's close coterie somebody who has self
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was associated with the government you know during that time angela merkel was seen at the time as somebody who was sort of imposing that type of austerity. on those southern european countries so it's interesting for fondling to be saying we've kind of learned from that we want to do things differently this time and that europe me. systems together to achieve that melinda what do you think chancellor merkel has learned from the last crisis that was accused of germany was accused at the time 10 years ago of not doing enough for the solidarity of europe what do you think has changed as germany takes over this rotating presidency i think what has changed for the chancellor 1st of all is that she is at the end of her term she recognizes the severity of this crisis and she knows that this is her moment to shape her legacy it's her history book moment and the fact is she was a foot dragger she has a very ambivalent record on europe but together with french president mccraw in may
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she took a step that i think very few people expected to see her take namely to recommend not only this very large ambitious recovery plan of 500000000000 but also to say that the european commission should be permitted to borrow on the markets that means joint borrowing something that germany has long opposed it's not quite the mutualization of past debt that some would have liked to see during the financial crisis but it is a very major step for the chancellor to be taking why is she doing that she told us that just now in her speech ceased she said talked about cohesion and solidarity and said been must have shared solutions because we have to see things from the perspective of the others that too is a reference to the fact that the north often tends to have its own perspective on frugality and forget about the interests of the south search so she basically is saying we are all in this together and the fact is if that north-south divergence widens if this money doesn't get to those southern countries soon and europe truly
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is at stake it's very existence we have a clip of chance of michael talking about that solidarity let's listen to that. if we are willing to overcome our differences and identify you share the solutions if we are willing to. view. the. nights before europe will emerge stronger than ever if we strengthen cohesion and solidarity no one will get through this crisis alone we are all. all right so a call for cohesion and solidarity there just very quick wrap up from both of you richard starting with you do you think that chancellor merkel will struggle to find out in the e.u. in the next 6 months 'd. well i think if anyone can do it she can do it i think well and put her finger on one thing that is very important is the sense that she's approaching the end of an italian m.e.p.
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who i spoke to just sally was saying that that was her kind of privilege and something that she can really take advantage of in bringing people together and melinda one quick sentence she's known as a great negotiator she's going to have the heads of the e.u. member states there live in person image ally to meet with her those are good officials circumstances for good negotiation all right thank you very much for watching today are your. numbers of corona virus infections in meat processing plant. crude treatment of livestock transported across europe. terrible living and what conditions for employees. how toxic is the meat industry. global 3000. and 30 minutes on d. w.
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enter the conflict zone fronting the powerful 4 months to go to the presidential elections in america so no trump is sinking in the polls and numbers for the national security adviser says he isn't fit to be president anyway john both of my guests this week from washington how much damage trump i broke a bone to america and the rest of the. conflict zone today on w. w sound. wrong camera and action. talented filmmakers from different parts of the world all have one mission. they live for the. belly knowledge talents of the free women look bad for them. 25.
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place. the 1st. place. this is day to be a news line from berlin a charting a course for europe's recovery i know michael sets out her aims for the e.u. western new takes on the council presidency the main goal. to contain the pandemic and overcompensates comments. also coming up after pressure from more than 200 scientists the world health organization admits the corona virus could be transmitted by tiny particles suspended in the air so what does that mean for our behavior and our health. plus the mobility giant tesla is coming to town while tesla rushed.


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