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tv   Russias Millennials  Deutsche Welle  August 21, 2020 3:15am-4:01am CEST

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a member of the force also sam today on our web site www dot com and i resent him for a lemon for me in the whole scene here and so much for watching. been robbed of their soul that's what you feel experiences when their heritage is taken from them countless cultural artifacts were true stolen from africa by colonialists country carted off to europe. what should be done with the storm north from africa . coleman sole source september 7th on d w. september
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19th $39.00 nazi germany invaded poland and for more than 5 years brought terror to much of europe with its ideology of a master race. a central figure in that campaign was rice fair and says heinrich himmler. the leading nazi was obsessed with racial purity and came up with a plan to bolster the so-called arion race between 19411945 children were kidnapped from all over eastern europe and forcibly germanized. historians estimate that 20000 of those children came from poland alone. in nazi run children's homes they learned to speak german their identities were falsified the go trustful before i was named i load here vitesse check from that moment on i was a leaf civet cat i had simply. those children are now over 80
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years old and many of them still know nothing about their roots. no do buy me a bass omnis i felt this kind of back and forth also affected my relationships feel . much of what happened to them is still a mystery. use of some of our travels as often as he can to the place where his parents are buried . it lies outside chance to hover in southern poland. or. he
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was just 9 years old when they died. sure i've got arc i feel i'm missing the warmth of being run by a father and mother. were going to grow brought up by strangers who were something like her very much but all my life i've been missing that warmth that embrace all that. his father usurped was 41. his mother french scieszka 36. when they were murdered by the nazis on this spot. their son use if is now 86 years old. but he has never forgotten his childhood home or. our. i followed all of your skin over there was a village house with 2 rounds but it was made of wood and bricks booker's i made a good job you let me show you where the stables were and found his workshop in the
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bunkers. during world war 2 use of his family he had used in partisans in the bunker 7 people lived underground here for 2 years is out them both couldn't bear out all of the above this bunker was a pipe where the air came in or not and the jews and the polish protestants got their air through this pipe of course my parents also gave them food i'm sure but economy if i got schizoid you so you're talking about oh yeah. and the whole tragedy and torture took place here. and show you how hard the germans came going to congress soldiers and the interest. of all of a knock on the door. and asked if the sort of us troops here. that's any violence they started smashing the windows with their rifles. all the planes were broke up just my mother was crying and took us children out to the very beginning we
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children ran behind our mama and papa we were all practically naked just under shorts it was 5 o'clock in the morning it was september so it was children's and the germans were the jews were the partisans but also i only went into the barn and they had a pointy metal stick and they stuck it into the straw to see if they would hit a person who would scream and yell more but there was no. yes that. the germans hit them with anything they could get their hands on. with holes i'm sure pitchforks. my mother was stabbed in the stomach 3 times with the pitchfork children grow up she was pregnant flesh to show their mission under 6 their 7th month. well by since mom didn't make any more sense she was leaving just a note that my father had. he been hit with a rifle the whole court yard was full of blood they dragged my mother here my
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father there are kids there. and they still found nothing but i should listeners my leisure not know. it's not good news just between the workshop and the stables and. i'm not sure. how they got on not that maybe 4 or 6 and a good news for all in the middle of the courtyard and if they have only the 1st jewish women came out of the song. or knew people. and then they said the other side of the house on fire. after that the soldiers shot uses parents dead and threw their bodies into a pit at the spot where their graves is now. the children survived after witnessing the events. then they were taken to germany like thousands of other children from 941 on words who were deemed to be worthy of being terminated. use of
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sr yanina still lives in germany. or not is there and she's german germanized. all eyes just that she corresponds to the carry on nordic response blonde hair and like colored are that was what the germans wanted to show our sister was lost to us forever. as a pearl of little sister the best one of us is in germany my next others. neighbors comes god. is good in me give me a good good even if you got a good back just to do. your job we can be a kind of god would be kinda $14.20. just there were given all the don't. you. wish he'd.
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come on luther king has lived in by durham in southwestern germany since he retired . where he originally came from he doesn't know whose do you know using speaking the everyone feels nice curiosities and i want that parents look at nothing you have read or breeders like to know if i should others saw systems nieces or os i just don't know i see still i tried everything. i could to 20 archives and i found nothing nothing at all happened before god thinks. this for decades herrmann has been trying to find out who his parents were and where he was born. he always has the support of his partner. and you even as a child he felt that there was some mystery. he was 6 years old when he was placed
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with maria and her man luther king but he sensed that they were keeping something from him that. this stuff out of the way spot was hidden in my foster father's concert. teen a 14 year old i looked to see what was in. yes i was always curious. and when i saw this i realized more or less what it was about. this is why the i ready knew that i wanted my real parents but i didn't know how it all hung together. and then i read this document that said. mother dead. kings birth certificate issued by nazi officials and there are dashes where the names of his father and mother should. his place of birth is listed as broken invertigo the site of one of the nazi run orphanages where the identities of the
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abducted children were covered up. when the. car was the 1st place i went looking and i spoke to the can take it that he was still alive i asked him if anybody else took place like it said in the document and he said no no but ever took place here you need a step good food and this one since then herman has discovered that he was probably called roman russia tough skinned before he was placed with his foster parents was he really born on january 20th 1036 he has his doubts. older or younger maybe i'm just 36 years old. there's standard documents from ward was january the 21st. i had swung to say out of. the central polish city of woods it was probably the 1st station in his life.
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come on still doesn't know who gave him up to this orphanage. but he does know that the nazis took him from here to germany. into going but you will be going. on all of it by. the way i am. not being born. do you believe this guy was on the net and you know what you. would have given me. i do not. buy me point i did not have it on. critical mind. that going to be a bold but i am kind of a little further on. the. lodhi of eternal story also has ties to wards. she was 5 years old when she was
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brought to the youth detention camp inlets munched as woods was called during the nazi occupation. today she's meeting up with her friend barbaro patrick even touch . the 2 women have a lot in common. their paths in life have been very similar. they've come to a school located on the site of the camp. the school directory showing them a room that commemorates the thousands of children who were interned here. like who was brought here in 1943. i know you have a great man. well shall we need to find him really applied to st it's over here we should turn the map around like this last hour i thought that means my
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house must have been here. how well you remember everything of course have you ever heard of the children from dr v. tash x. group i am of it. alone he is father was a resistance fighter executed by the nazis her mother was deported to auschwitz for her husband's actions and ended up in the machinery of the german occupiers a crush of people and how long were you in the camp possible. i was probably here for around 8 weeks. before that in the race office in poznan and they had determined that i corresponded to the so called area . and the germans wanted to german eyes children of the area and race. that are said get the one you saw right. 3
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people. 3 life stories. with this in common. all 3 are victims of heinrich humorous racist mania. the right spirit s.s. visited occupied poland in 1941 and traveled through the bar together district. in 1939 poland had been carved up between the soviets and the germans. sections of the western part of the country including the so-called racecar to lie and were incorporated into the german reich. other regions were placed under german civil administration. himmler's vision was to make sure many of the mightiest nation in the world. eyeballs during the population with new progeny from abroad mainly from eastern europe. in the one decides she's in berlin are hundreds of documents that show the gradual development of humor strategy for the organized abduction of children.
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after his trip through far to go himmler wrote to the go lighter price or. i believe it is right that small children of especially good raise from polish families become lectern brought up by us and special not through large children's nurseries and orphanages. i would advise starting with 2 or 3 such institutions so as to gather experience. is about hina mine is a professor of contemporary history at the university of minister. she has studied the subject of the stolen children for a number of years. she set up a europe wide research project and with colleagues analyzed 17000 files of foreign
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children found by the allies in germany after the war. on historians want to reconstruct the roots taken by the stolen children and with them as it was left but the fact that the nazis deliberately concealed their identities makes that a formidable task on it. as it would and nothing but i did the calculations like down based on the records of how many children were transported and how many were found after the war i would estimate the number to be around 20000 polish children behind each one of those numbers is an individual story of my life thrown into turmoil and set on a completely different course and none fell off the norm. there are many myths about the forced german ization of foreign children one account is that they were ethnic germans that is children of german ancestry who lived outside the german reich and that only very few children were brought to germany at all. but
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him a splendid have a system as the rights commissioner for the consolidation of german nationhood he helps to issue directives 671. it's dated. first all children and formerly polish orphanages are to be taken and placed in accommodations after that operation is concluded children living with polish foster parents will be examined. the directive was signed by all rich private himmler's direct subordinate. later at the nuremburg trials he claimed that there had never been a concrete plan. the directive $6071.00 went to only high ranking leaders of the s.s. and the police and the corresponding s.s. leaders concerned with race and settlement policy so that the s.s. operators would be aware of how it worked it was a part of
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a supposedly rational occupation and gemini ization policy that was imposed mainly on occupied poland but also one other occupied and next to each and so if you are up to all possible go. today experts believe that our own 50000 children were abducted from across europe. cases are known from today's ukraine the czech republic and slovenia. but the largest group was from poland because the machinery of the abduction started in the bar to go district. first orphanages were searched then child welfare officials summoned all children living with foster parents for inspection. there were precise guidelines on how a racially suitable child was supposed to look. 21 characteristics were examined including growth patterns the back of the head the bridge of the nose and body hair
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the officials were looking for so-called arion types classified as pure nordic purif alien or nordic failure and what the nazis couldn't use were unbalanced hybrid types. and finally children were also taken away from their biological parents like. she was taken for racial examination after her mother was deported and then in the autumn of 1943 she was brought to the youth detention camp in leeds when she got to be germanized. this memorial recalls the thousands of children who lived here and were forced to do hard labor. i knew it. was a book well the memories come flooding back when i load your stance here. she was brought to the camp together with her little sister daria. nirvana
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brought some ago part of course straight away we weren't allowed to speak polish. we'd whisper to each other in polish but of course we couldn't make it obvious that we were speaking. of the i when i pop out of school i knew we were punished for every infraction. each couple had a club and they shouted at us very loudly. we were scared of the yelling and of course the severe beating. by layouts of apparel. i think so yeah and they work us full roll call that counters off in germany which was hard for us we didn't know the numbers. and that's why the roll call used to take a very long time wash near some of our. other illness that they are but it had to keep going until our supervisor had counted the entire group of children. and often when they went through the
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barracks where we slept. they would find their children in the beds. not. then called was the 1st place where all of you were sent. more followed. burkle. bide protein. thousands of children were funneled through these nazi run homes. each station represented a further step to conceal the child's real identity. dates of birth were changed names were made more german sounding. balogna a veto became elite's of it k.
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her friend barbara became bearable. they were forced to forget their origins finally both were placed in german families where paradoxically they experienced the happiest years of their childhood. use of salva lives in the center of chance to hold. even know he can't accept that his sister yanina loves the nation that caused his family so much suffering america has 5 days of their letters from germany from my sister. she did not want to appear in person in this film or engage with the family's history that's apparent in her letters. it was a line vendor by your scientists so when you come to see us please please don't talk about politics or about the war. wars you love and kisses. yes.
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all her letters are signed with her polish and her german name or no you're stuck up shut up you know she's been so german iced that she even writes in her letters that i shouldn't talk about politics or our history show you because she's embarrassed. you can still get on a ship in russia doesn't want to know anything about poland or the memory of her family. or when you know she lives her life there in germany she is for you richard . after the murder of their parents the 5 or so of our children were brought to costco you know grown cold insulates. you know nino was taken from there by a woman from hanover who adopted her her name was changed to anita no official records about this were preserved which is why you know was not found after the war but her siblings never stopped looking it was 20 years before use of saw her again
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since then they've met up regularly. how they all out oh good in the dark my good day my dear sister. are you would home or out for a walk. 2. here is thought i had lunch and you're probably tired yes for sure i'm looking forward so much to seeing you soon as the we're from the jets. so you look at all about me living a chance to hope for tomorrow or 12 at nohant state. check or ok goodbye my dear sister. you know for sure the boys so know you've heard her voice. use of sr was carried off to germany shortly before the end of the war she didn't
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undergo a racial examination the longer the war went on the less attention the german officials paid to rules and guidelines. and in his abduction was an act of pure despotism. in the southwestern german city of fribourg hermeneutic king is paying a visit to crystal. schwartz is a teacher but for years he has been helping him on the 2 want the german government to recognize the kidnapped children as victims of the nazi regime so that they can receive compensation. she wants founded an association representing the children's interests and he and harman have filed lawsuits together so far with no success. as a last resort they've approached germany's highest court the constitutional court.
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this is this nice is the letter i received this freedom. this processing it. now i have to wait for a day i mean. you know how money shortfall just certain i'd suggest that we write another letter to the constitutional court saying they should speed things up a little in consideration of your business and of those who are not. those initial toys i think it's great that his age he still are prepared to fight for justice even though it's only about the symbolic sums of 2500 euros for not really it's a joke. according to germany's act regulating compensation for national socialist injustice that is the sum to which non jewish victims are entitled. kemah nudie king considers himself a part of that group. is good for me it's not about the money but about the
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recognition that this was a crime it's me that's what gets me mad he used their strategy is to wait until nature takes care of it or by then it's over. the german government argues that the kidnappings can be seen as general collateral damage of war and that therefore there can be no claim to compensation. and it's often argued that the kidnapped children were well treated in contrast to other victims. that was true in herremans case his german foster parents were wealthy his mother was a teacher and head of the regional association of german girls. the father was a high ranking teacher both were nazi party members. came and graduated from school studied at university and became a mechanical engineer. but the parents never spoke to him about
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his background. back in chains to hoffa. use of self is on duty. for the past 30 years he's been working for an organization for the victims of nazi persecution he campaigns for them to receive compensation. for poland has a number of funds from which the germanized children or the children of mothers who were forced laborers receive small payments. like this woman from now on she'll get 50 euros a month. for her by not offering dearly onse this is excellent. this letter says you will get at least 212 sources the last year so we've been able to help here we are here saying shared by new poll long delayed by about a buyout dark. in the early 1990 s. germany paid $500000000.00 each marks to poland as
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a humanitarian gesture as it was called back then. yousef wanted to apply for money for his siblings but they needed his consent. not that much sister answerable no no no i will not steal money from the german people because i am dramatically i said yes. barbara has invited a load here to her home they want to talk about the stories of their lives that wound up taking such a similar course. but they actually asked we all kind of like sisters. for a long time we didn't know if we were german or pay less. but i feel as though we were both very lucky to change stations but that a few we ended up in families that treated us like their own children and i said questioning. what. could.
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barbaro was 3 when the nazis examined her and approved her for a german ization. in 1902 she was placed with a german foster family and grew up. in limbo. like a lawyer she had to return to poland after the war. she was 10 at the time. yeah that's a movie or a lawyer boy and actually if i always say that my war started after i went back yes i say the same. my parents were no longer alive there was nothing left. i was an unwanted child he was shunted around here you couldn't speak polish and write i couldn't speak the language anymore i was this hitler girl ride german swine for us children our return was disastrous but it was understandable that poland wanted its children back jiechi. after the war you mean
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yes. has extreme she think it's extremely complicated and the western allied powers made the child's well being the benchmark on one hand and on the other hand there was the justifiable demand of the polish stage that said give our children back to your thirty's found themselves and a complicated legal model in terms of international law. listen to feel. alone here is back home again she lives in big gosh that's 170 kilometers northwest of roads. for years she's been giving public lectures as a witness of history. in a few days she'll be traveling again to germany to tell the story of her life. now come out here in the album is the photograph taken with my new german moti picked
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me out. more. mrs louisa. she didn't have any children of her. doll took the 6 year old to her home in stendhal in saxony on heart. the little girl started going to school there and lead a comfortable life as a much loved only child. 4 years later came the shock. louise and her husband received a letter from the polish red cross which tore the family apart. louisa dahl wrote this in response. if the mother of the child is alive we are prepared in view of the mother's terrible suffering and uncertainty during the years of separation to return the child safe and sound to her. of course the biological mother has the 1st right and with
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a heavy heart i will give up the child whom we have come to love and cherish. 'd polish mother. had survived auschwitz. and with this photograph searched the world for her 2 daughters. and found them. when the news came that i was a stolen polish child and had to go back to my home country. and there my mother she began to tell me about my siblings who i had forgotten in the course of the 4 years since october me abscessed they were left on the water on the ocean so for that reason i was not so reluctant to return to poland. but at one spot of i wasn't afraid at all or skinny
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a boy or girl. but going back was hard. had forgotten her native polish. but she could communicate with her mother who spoke excellent german. load it was lucky that she maintained contact to her german morty . and the 2 women also became friends a low deal was now daughter to both of them. i had 2 moments. and these 2 mamas loved each other very much. they understood each other and we all. believe the dolls when they said they had not known who elites are really was the reason dar wrote to the polish red cross. was born in post 9 and after she became ill in
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a children's home in college was then brought to bad policy and. that is where i picked up a little an april 25th 1944 mediated by the former lebanese born association the child was placed with me as a pure german child with a german name as an eastern german orphan for adoption. cameron luther king's foster mother must have known that he was not a german child she got him in december of 1942 from zone and visa eleven's born home in corin's ali's a village near leipzig. his name then was roman russia tough ski. levin's born was a pet project of heinrich himmler. it provided
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a place for unmarried women to have their babies and leave them to be raised the goal was to boost the area and population. zone and these are also served as an institution for children like airman who were abducted from poland yugoslavia and the soviet union to be taken to germany. harriman was one of the 1st children here to be given away to families loyal to the nazi regime. he remembers how it came about. but. i used to always play with my friend all of your words and we'll be together it's. all and then a nurse came and said you 2 have to come along to the head not us. so we went up there and the head was sitting at an elegant lady was standing there.
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later i knew it was my foster mother. she wore a hat with a veil. and the head nurse said. right. you can pick one of the 2 children. and she said right away take little hammer. pair are fatten him out. and the head nurse said so just sign here and then you can take the child with. it. and she took my hand and we went out and took the train to lend go in the fall and let her. go that's how it went. so one of the these are you know like a chicken farmer and i want that chicken that one doesn't look so good but i like. how they did it with the children too or. at the time here man was just happy that
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he had someone to take care of him and he got along well with maria luther king. but once he started to try and find out about his background she broke away from him. when she died in the late 1980 s. he did not attend her funeral. at the nuremberg trials american prosecutors tried to press charges for the kidnapping of alien children for purposes of german ization. but the tribunal contested the charges acquitting the defendants of that crime and describing the livin sporn organization as a welfare institution. in this respect the nuremberg trials can be seen to have made a tragic legal mistake to classify living in spawn which ran these children's homes
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as a purely charitable organization and equipped those involved with the challenges from today's point of view that was that related to the judicial era class a feel that a child on. a lot of return is on her way to the city of fribourg. she knows germany well. she often visited her foster parents here. today she's giving a talk to students at the catholic university of applied sciences as a living witness. as always she tells her life story in german all that will happen and that is why they gave us new 1st and last names. until then i had been alerted. and now i was really says that if i leave it.
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alone her lectures have also been a form of therapy for her. it's a way of coming to terms with her own past but i guess that. invented in thailand i said that your time in germany shaped you and yet you still consider yourself polish. would you say that germany is also your homeland in a way on. yes i think that's true it is that for me i love to come back here and comments over it and i always say every country has very good people and very bad peoples and nations. story is also a positive one with lots of understanding on both sides and she hopes to keep telling it for as long as she can.
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today use of salva is setting off to the family get together with his sister yanina . from garza's about the journey that i didn't sleep or a last night yes pretty spot on. the family history is likely to be a topic of the gathering. years of can't forgive yanina for denying that she's polish but he says she is and will always be his sister. sorrow gin up out of the young everyone in the family loves her yes she's warm that's not empathetic when you're sure about is about the recall or the princess because she's so sensitive so nice and warm arty all are stuck on your pocket that it got dark i said that's not.
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fair maneuver king has received a letter from the german constitutional court another. defeat he has lost his fight for compensation. but he will continue to search for his roots for the parts of his life that the nazis hid from him. does he think i'll find out anything but i'll keep looking. who knows maybe i'll find a nugget somewhere you know one cool one. even in his mid eighties not knowing who his parents were is a source of unease that herrmann says will never leave him.
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arranged decision against violence in a. legal young man often put his job after the bell or a c.n.n. election. like many of his colleagues peter coors the actions taken against demonstrators. what will this mean for him and his family. focused on are of. 30 minutes to w. . bush our house is priceless. but
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the pandemic has shown what it's really worth and just how much money is involved in health care we take a look at the numbers and show examples of how health care and business work together both profit. made in germany. 90 minutes on v.w. . board. please. don't leave soon. to begin to.
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discover. the a. documentary . the a. land of the love. this is g.w. news a live from burlesque in the u.s. a joe biden it takes center stage in his home state of delaware within the hour he's due to formally accept the democratic presidential nomination and the grand finale of also for a day convention also coming up on the show.

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