tv A Journey through Hell Deutsche Welle August 30, 2020 10:15am-11:00am CEST
and immensely the same. you're watching news from bourbon there's a lot more news on our website think of the dot com you can also follow us on twitter instagram the handle there is think of the news our documentary series stop filming is next featuring the story of refugees trying to reach your twenty's coming up to 45 just. life on earth you want to combine 2 and. 2 coincidences. were little happened. it's all a bit like winning the lottery. first or unique start september 18th on g.w. .
this is neon me the capital of me share the cities across roads for people desperate to make their way to europe no matter how dangerous the journey many come to the bus station at night to meet with the traffickers they gather here. e.v.c. also showing they always will i know there are a network of smugglers and people traffickers at the pa station who will help them continue that journey bullshitters it up to where. they're under growing pressure because of the 4 st patrick's ations slate is full of football. so it's become more dangerous song yeah so it's riskier and more expensive now is all to share. we can't openly film here the police in mission have launched a crackdown or migrants and traffic has and tensions are on the rise we need to frighten young nigerian woman who also hopes to. got
a problem with the putting it up it might help but. how much you have to pay to the body so that it would you give that without a little. hope that that. that. she seems quite worried that they're all afraid. or money's been stolen here everything it was the police they also took my cell phone if wallet but it's even more dangerous north of. this young man already tried once to make his way to europe and was died along the way they would. they kill you for no reason look at this video general you know. he shows us a video he took a month ago when shafiq is apparent in tim in the middle of the desert. there it is a bombshell suddenly they say get lost that's the path you're on your own. they
gave the 2 of us one liter of water one bottle is. the place they hope to reach europe is more than 3300 kilometers away to reach sicily they'll have to cross the desert and the mediterranean ever since your began trying to stem the flow of migrants this is become the most dangerous and deadly it's reached. new share is one of the world's least developed countries population growth is soaring and poverty is rife despite the country's abundant natural resources many young migrants in silence it is hoping to reach italy pass through need for that adding to the strain to intercept a regular migrants before they reach libya in 2016 the european union convinced the share to monitor its borders more rigorously in. change the e.u.
provides funding and expertise. do you counsel new share one of the poorest countries in the world to stem the flow of refugees we recently hear pain ambassador in the i'm a young man. constipated with you do not appear in the european union's main concerns are to reduce the number of deaths in void humanitarian tragedies and dispel the myth of europe. the game of regular flow of migrants sounds definitely been reduced i'm a bit in asia has mobilized its security forces in the north arrested traffickers and confiscated vehicles being increased check some on the border with libya are bearing fruit and pocket if we. about 750 kilometers northeast of me are made is the 2nd major hub for african migrants initially the
city has played a key role in the e.u. strategy to deter migration. positive because people who set out from here on the long journey through the desert put themselves in great danger in a hate filled it's not. the city in the heart to decide health region has long been considered west africa's gateway to the sahara. it's also home to you kept the e.u. civilian capacity building mission in a share with pressure from the e.u. some his ago only share passed a law against human trafficking but the crackdown has not brought business to an end. where these are water canisters for sale books every micro dies when they try to. get a hold true to the way as to live well so it takes 3 days and these are sticks they're used to hold onto the floor of the truck and keep that balance still is a piece of it a little that that works it has to. it was there and these
protect against the dust yeah it was one of. the cowboys have of this must have been a busy place where you don't like. not anymore the harder you have that. machine i am i. that this is where the desert begins. agadez the smugglers have now been displaced by new unscrupulous traffickers from abroad they easily slip past the checkpoints that have been set up in the city. for us now interview asks how many ways there are to get people out about it is countless ways we're told. because of the race the smuggler has given up his business but he knows what's going on. is that the traffickers in the desert are criminals real criminals that's even true here and i
got there it is open so they go to the transportation companies and intercept the arriving migrants they key via they saying i want to go to libya come with me i have excellent contacts in a while and work which way. and then they just drop them off in the middle of the desert 3 or 4 up and only the migrants are being tricked by a brother they shouldn't have trusted but the connection men want to know when it's but. the traffickers who are still in business hide their clients from the police and shelters on the outskirts of the city have a contact helps us gain access. to them and. this is this area is called the ghetto migrants hide here waiting to leave libya but after what i did. we find dirty rooms without electricity or running water each one accommodating dozens of migrants the previous night 60 made their way towards libya this 12 year
old boy from sierra leone was left behind he didn't have enough money. to. pay. for the last fish. caught up in life. cannot make it. struggle for eat. out because. for tomorrow. i'm from the ivory coast i'm 17 i lost both my parents bad during the 2010 crisis and i had no want to help me so i left. once we were supposed to buy a notebook for school and the teacher said something that really struck me that yellow brick in my book school isn't for poor people you're perfectly up off.
if i knew he was right school isn't made for us but i couldn't afford school supplies i said that with money i could have continued my studies i told myself what good does a diploma do me if i can't find work i should leave i would rather suffer somewhere else here than in my home countries who put them up probably would you want to go to germany do you think you'll be treated well there. just get laid off they respect human rights it'll be fine. many of us have skills but can't do anything at home where killed it but because we have no money by the way or a broad secret that there are a lot of hidden talents here. so let's hope that what are yours. so if i don't cook play football and make music with the music i listen and i don't even see what i want on the way here we face difficult situations. we were wrong. like
we were arriving at a checkpoint be that so and i demand money from him be about i will free if you don't pay they search you go and take everything they find out whether. i'm a family i've been here for 7 months or so for 7 months this has been my life no one sends me mileage and i'm stuck but i trust in god how do you get food because one of my friends buy food they give me some they don't have much because they don't have anything i don't eat or give it you're trapped here what if you go. but i prefer it here better than living free at home get love i that i my heart can find peace there it's good you know what is waiting for you in libya and it's see it through and there. that hard times. i know that nothing ventured nothing can be scary an idea. that you might be detained or tortured will drown the
noise. so i love you that's life my thing is dangerous you have to take risks that if that's god's will i accept not just o.c. your last year. the methods employed by the illegal traffic is a growing ever more brutal but it turns out to be fairly easy to make content with a trafficker who operates here he's waiting for us in another part of the city poverty and wealth rub shoulders in that it is. behind these walls a trafficker is waiting to meet with this despite the band he continues to bring migrants across the border. not one not one we have our contacts i'm a well known smuggler i have my network. when the police head west we go east south
or north. or not with g.p.s. you can vary your routes there are thousands of ways now thousands thousands this is because of the 2015 law people die in the desert my colleagues abandon them in the desert if they run into the police or a military patrol i think it is. so if you live. they unload them and disappear. it's terrible. but why if they catch you go to prison. for 2015 law is to blame for all of those deaths. but i think that how many people do you do with. that kind of oh about 80 to 150 a week look pretty prices have gone up we used to ask for 180 euros but now it costs up to 150 euro summit. business is good yes it is i know i make over
3000 euros sometimes 4500 a week just got through. not bad so just that's true my family's doing well. in the past when migration happened in the normal way everyone here was content people bought goats slaughter them and ate. but now you can forget all that. this. traffic is leave the business the european union office the financial assistance equivalent to about 2300 euros. that's less than the spend millions in a week. but the human rights activist rashid cole is concerned about the impact that the e.u. policy is to having on his city and on the safety of migrants.
and yet. the government wants us to believe it has stopped migration did not install the bus but that's not the reality instead one has a managed is a new and even more criminal structure is it and what about the aid we're constantly promised where is it only promised 2300 heroes to people who give up human trafficking for good. and that one when i've had people used to earning 1900 a month. or to propose him it's just a one off payment what. if i marry she says the dangers of that. is that illegal traffickers secretly take people with them. and send them straight to their deaths door a lot more as happens nearly every week but really every week should be in place shocks young people from sub-saharan africa are simply left to fight the events in
the middle of the desert. faced saw. the journey has become more dangerous and more expensive to without money many migrants become stranded in other days and many resort to sex work. if he she arrives here panelists they have nothing at all. so they have to make money somehow. it's measure of that these women offer their services to less than 10 year olds hoping to eventually scrape together enough money to pay traffickers. these young migrants have bought water canisters and food in preparation for their journey. in the ghetto with the traffic a has given them accommodation while they wait they cook will be their only meal of the day. well there was what is it it. was you were. going to order the girl over there while he was in the courtyard
a few young women gathered around another woman a few years older than a are we soon realize what is happening the nigerian mafia has come to neighboring mission to recruit sex workers. altogether. what's to gird says. the young women don't realize that the older woman is a paid recruiter she doesn't want to show her face and tells us her sister is waiting for the group in libya. what kind of job she took she told you you were going to do. like myself that she is walking out as you want to. do you know you spoke this is the danger for go that route and sometimes the worst if you press to yourself yeah we know. that but you know with this small gesture there are crucial in the conversation. with.
the transit camp run by the international organization for migration or i.o.m. helps tend to migrants who have been sent back from libya many a traumatized mentally and physically despite the dangers of the journey many of the people he have attempted it several times. in and it is the i.o.m. office the food and shelter it's a prepared to return home for point. but. this white board lists the nationalities of everyone in the camp so take any for example 182 migrants are from their own assad government. right now there are 399 people here and all i can remember a number thought it was a couple and is enough just to see how many have you helped in 2017 and we. 5000 people piers i didn't see 5000 men women and children who have survived the terrible journey the camps doctors try to help as best they can. see. they
arrive here war now and with all kinds of illnesses sometimes they're totally de hydrated but when they're crossing the desert just they drink just a few swallows of water to ease their thirst that's not nearly enough while you they need 3 to 5 liters a day please do. you mean if they don't get that they might die within as little as 48 hours without water you'll survive 3 days at most easily view but i see. what happens here let me tell you through your time making sure. you guys are supposed to contribute. to agree to this because i get it through when i go to those that are the pits and so i should build them as just one before the current 21 people could see many injuries teaches b.s. . more effectively i didn't kill you because yes we get
a lot of people with gunshot wounds to. the wounds get infected and we often have to amputate the leg. there because you start to go see before these gunshot wounds come from bandits demand that migrants hand over everything they possess you have to do she do forms you don't see he says you see this if the migrants refuse you if you do need you they get shot at the force you see they brought up box you don't know sometimes i migrants suffer gunshot wounds when the army shoots at a value girls that they're in it but much else. the local traffic is still live victims to libyan ones. these men from cameroon oh they're risky to a place between warring militias. so kind of you know i want to go home this is recent terrible things migrants were beaten and raped castrated because this
happens to a lot of people. why do you need to be. yes. so often human is hell on earth a woman arrived with her 15 year old daughter. they took away her daughter and sold her and the mother wants to intervene and i'm going to shut up so they locked her in a dark hole after that i never saw her again if i gave water to a man i couldn't understand a man no he spoke english the next morning they killed him as if he were a cockroach that was the worst stuff they've decided. szilard is it that iran of the desert at the mediterranean the abuse germ if i tell my brothers don't try this absolutely not i didn't want to believe it is human right and when i saw it for myself i almost went crazy. that's why i tell any migrant thinking of doing this don't take this route. as.
the trip to sub out in the middle of the libyan desert takes at least 3 days and then it takes weeks if not months to reach the capital tripoli this stage of the journey through libya is even more perilous. coming. into. tripoli is one of the most dangerous cities in the world the area around the city is under control of the u.n. backed government there are countless missions the country is awash in weapons. thousands of migrants in the city live crowded together under richard conditions there are about 50 official detention centers under the nominal control of authorities in addition there's a substantial number of apartments and factory buildings where criminals hold migrants under lock and key and demand ransom for them. this man is
desperate if his girlfriend has been detained by traffic is in tripoli for 2 months he's finally been able to talk on the phone to her he tells me the traffickers want to sell her who get rid of. the day i ask him how much ransom the demand he says that recently they demanded 450 euros and his girlfriend told him the same amount she called him again just a day ago and told him that she and the other women are not being fit. he says he is desperate to get her out of there somehow. to squeeze as much money out as possible from the families the kidnappers tell the prisoners to called and. the man recorded his girlfriend's phone call. a little. resolute a place i'm at is unbearable we were heading towards
a silly but the libyan coast guard quarter. since then i have been in this prison to even get raped tear and night arabs come and take women with them to be sold to brothels and. i don't want that happen to me. because summer is. only a few international organizations still maintain an office in tripoli one is the un refugee agency or u.n.h.c.r. which is holding a press conference here the u.n. agency are tries to obtain the release of his many migrants as possible but it has to focus its efforts on people who would be entitled to apply for asylum more pairs were allowed to visit the official centers for we've carried out about a 1000 visitors this year and they've always managed to get out refugees almost one pounds 900 this year sometimes on so please listen to this. yell or from god as our hearts. so the guy they tie the women up with this is that
they want to sleep with a woman they tie up her arms and legs and hang her from the right for the not for that art at the show. so cerebral that is horrible and painful to hear because what can be done to help her to feel it sounds like one of the unofficial detention centers in the official ones conditions complete band but not as terrible as they are if she's in the hands of traffickers now international aid organization can gain access to oxy. so that's heartbreaking yes it's a terrible situation and. it's impossible to locate the woman in tripoli but we are able to contact her by phone. and i don't have the number of the cell phone the traffic is gave her said that she can beg her family for the money it is a good idea always looks call her in italy.
for your hello. hello. on the 2nd attempt we managed to talk to her her family has already paid money but the kidnappers want even more. yes it's money and the problem is when you fall into the hands they do everything they can to make money off you know people they can't get a ransom for they sell for 750 euros that's what happened to several women hand and that scares me. right now they're demanding to prevent of around $400.00 euros for my remarks. i can't get my hands on that much money i've already begged my family if i don't pay trail so me really with babies and pregnant women they charge $1700.00 yuan for the other women 1200 euros.
is not safe many of the 600 us please i want out of here i can't take it here anymore thank you. i know. in tripoli people are being bought and sold and what is being called a modern slave trade. these give me and said just been free for many be imprisoned by the un refugee agency under one condition they have to return home immediately and that's the word of god that you have. to watch the ball for it's not easy we want to go home of the on station. a plane is being chartered for them until that happens they have to wait in the hangar at the airport on. the side of the early on and off we all wanted to go to europe and see
if we would do better there but we didn't make it right is now in libya they're killing us all so we'd rather were time had decided by going to bed before you can totally amazed she ate a dozen my by. audience bro and lot of people i was terribly cold all night get busy every week i am glad to go back to my yes as glad as i would have been to make it to europe it was so terrible why did i ever leave so much. just lucky stated i was shot in the head that's to shock you he saw you see the soldiers from the libyan army and. hear it you do it again i was traveling with a boy and it was it they shot him in the foot and then i am dashed in the desert is that if. it is my family was already in morning up and they thought i was dead but i fell asleep and not hospital on the 7th day of ramadan and i didn't wake up again until the 24th day. she decided to get home i called my mother and told her i'd
been saved when i found she didn't believe me this it is a rescue my son died 3 weeks ago she said i said no it's really me and sent her a video so she could see me. if i wanted to go back home ever since it was here because my family wants to see me again you see video of what they're trying to go back many times but have been arrested and detained over and over again i want to see stopped in lebanon i was in prison for 3 months i said then i got out but hardly a week later i was back in prison again but even now i still dream of europe after all this the 3 of just it difficult to take a shit yes even with all the difficulties i had to overcome if i can find a way to get to europe that's where i want to go that's my dream i guess i. feel i owe him and the u.n. refugee agency can only help a fraction of those in need the others are held in captivity until the traffic is finally decided to get rid of it often the migrants a packed on a rubber boat $100.00 or $150.00 at a time the budget's
a barely seen would be this is how the migrants a supposed to cross the mediterranean it's the final stages a journey and a terrible ordeal. every year several 1000 people drown in the mediterranean. in 2017 at the libyan coast guard became an additional threat mission lifeline a german c. risk to charity recorded this footage during emission the coast guard demanded they hand over the migrants they had just rescued even issuing warning shots at the vessel. check every night the libyan coast guard sets out to intercept migrants who try to make the crossing but yes they have repeatedly been accused of colluding with the militias in traffickers but europe relies on up. the coast guard receives funding and technical support from the european union especially italy. where the libyan navy spokes person says the aim is to turn back migrants before
they reach libya. we are not europe's police because for the. of what we see along the mediterranean to signal to migrants they have no chance of reaching europe. and then they won't even come to libya to begin with. the. migrants who are turned back to land a sent to prison many end up song to traffickers migrants from the mediterranean take enormous risks to avoid being intercepted by the libyan coast guard. or in european aid organizations come to help shipwrecked people our rescue work becomes even more difficult but when migrants see the foreign ships they do everything they can to reach them. and the people for them. one such encounter took place in november 27th tain. a rubber boat carrying an
estimated $140.00 people started sinking in international waters off the libyan coast leaving crosscut and a vessel operation by the german enjoy. see watch both arrived at the same. as the n.g.o.s rescue boats approached some why those who could not swim was struggling to stay afloat the levy improve made no move to help. thank god he thanked he. the libyan coast guard signaled the sea watch crew to leave and bait migrants to prevent them from jumping off the patrol boat. some migrants risked their lives in hopes of reaching the german risky vessel. it. was.
libyan boats set off at high speed while one person was still clinging to the side ladder. to see what activists were only able to bring about half of the migrants on board. 5 people including one child drowned. sicily is the gateway to europe along the central mediterranean route in 201-712-0000 migrants and asylum seekers arrived here the following year 23000. the day after the encounter do queries rescue vessel operated by the french n.g.o.s and with mediterranean doctors without borders arrived in sicily bringing more bodies recovered from the waters off the libyan coast. the fact that these boats are being intercepted and turned back to libya and that people are making that desperate move of jumping into the water when i see a coast guard vessel approach that's
a situation that's not acceptable the world can't stand by and watch that we need to do something when we can't allow this situation to continue. the italian emergency sea rescue coordination service has priority to the libyans which further exacerbates the situation. on our way to the rescue we were told that the libyan coast guard had assumed coordination of the rescue and we were asked to stand by and we had to witness 2 other boats being intercepted by the libyan coast guard the people were brought on board and they were taken back to libya this is against international humanitarian practices it's against the principle of reform where people return to a place that does not offer them safety. in 2018 italy decided to block the aquarius from the country's ports by the end of the year when the engineer was forced to take the aquarius out of operation it had rescued an estimated 29500 migrants and asylum seekers nearly
a 3rd of them under the age of 18 in katanning had doctors without borders opened a clinic for people who need care for the physical and mental trauma they had suffered. but is. that enough by the fact that it. was its. description here. at school. of arts outs from the. camp and good enough for. this woman and her 2 young children were also one about in distress she survived. no i try not to but. notice streamed into the boats the men try to scoop it out we didn't know where we where we had no phone nothing everyone was praying with it on one side of the boats was already hanging in the water which we climbed to the
other side then the measure fell into the water to feel mixed with the router and scalded my legs duchamp my children were crying morphy's by everyone was screaming we couldn't get any air it was hopeless when they said we didn't know if we would drift on to land somewhere or if we would have to build the world farewell. i gave my little son to a man so i could help my daughter. when i turned around the man fell into the water with him you're from one of our swords i saw my son in the water fighting for his life but i screamed i wanted to get into the water to save him but the others held me back and. he drowned and so did at least 2 women my i watched my son struggling and then he was gone with involved. i feel terrible guilt i write it i make this journey with my children by doing that i killed my son so work to.
his son is buried here in the cemetery of could china alongside dozens of other migrants and asylum seekers whose names will never be known and whose families will never learn if their fate. nothing but their good there but their lives that have to. go straight. in sicily the arrival of migrants is often kept secret from the media but we learned that a ship is about to dock. where is the boat this is the boat. so it's thought from the italian navy telling navy. today it is
different the vessel is not carrying hundreds of men women and children tonight there are only $26.00 people several libyan families rescued at sea the police customs officials the red cross and the u.n.h.c.r. a he to receive then. yes it was an exception we saw them in quite good good conditions and we were positively shocked because in the last months we have seen people who are not thais and also very affected generally they were in the last 3 months there was a decrease in their rivals but the influx is never as never stopped. in the coastal city of syracuse a special police unit investigates each individual landing. down the how they were when meeting a police officer who sneaked. name is this smuggler hunter fashion don't. do it you feel that you should just sit there and let them walk through the sun's out of her
leaning has been gathering information about the arrival of migrants feels good. he and his task force question new arrivals about the sky feaster the man assigned by the traffickers to steer the boat at sea. the cable could be done it's just work because you want to sometimes we don't find him. migrants might say he fell into the sea or someone threw him overboard who is rich and. the skin feaster may have hundreds of migrants and he's received both on and he's not gentle with them. he tries to keep them in chiang with a stick or a knife by that was through. with their liberal promise. these young women were purchased by the nigerian mafia in their home countries and sent to italy. instead of working as cleaners or child minders they are trafficked
into sex work. some of the women report they are subjected to black magic rituals to frighten them into submission tens of thousands of euros to their traffickers which they have to pay off. we don't know and all we that we have come here to do this kind of job i wish we know would come here to do this kind of oh no it's not good with our choice you know to do well to solve that most of us that we have found work to go to school that me i left desire that my sister your shin lent their dress or how much they pay and sometimes the pay 10 year old but some of them if they are good today we don't give you less 15 years you think you'll be able one thing to say ok now i stop this yes yes i want there was it no would i want to do it i was stuffy and that is fine because it's not good for young people no more we need to get married we need to settle down into after don't need to plan
which future for us or so we learned just to do this kind of florida is a far less you know we can do that if i have any country can rule america. if we have the opportunity which is good for other countries yes if we are going to . i. get that the women are paid $10.00 to $15.00 euros per customer sometimes less. than men also face a desperate situation trying to find work in sicily. these men travel many kilometers each day to inefficient money. they survive the desert and the mediterranean only to be exploited here is. very just 20 euros 3 more. often harvesting onion there's not much work here you take what you
get. 20 euros for 8 hours of work in the camps migrants asylum seekers receive a small jail now it's but not in cash it was sent to euro's at $0.50 in cigarettes that's. all right says he doesn't see they're not working through 50 it's a joke sicily is no good. the man had to cut a dominie you know a former u.s. military base that was once europe's largest reception centers for migrants and asylum seekers at its heart it held up to $4000.00 people kept under guard sometime after filming it was closed. the camp currently receives 29 years a day per resident a few years ago it was $45.00 euros we are seed ministration how much of that the migrants an asylum seekers receive by or they get to 50 worth of cigarettes. that's the legally permitted amount of non-cash benefits it. it's dispersed of what they
call the design of many oh there's also a bag of toiletries at no charge i ask how many cigarettes are received the answer it depends on the current price right now in pakistan 5 euros the same as a cell phone caught up to for what we thought we would have a better life here not this disaster i've even. said this if you are disappointed totally disappointed. that you made the journey again. she said if i had known all this why not. really want personally i would in hope of a better life for you as ever for the next few lucky ones i will receive asylum. the rest only a temporary suspension of deportation within 3 years some 6 out of 10 residents of cartagena neil will have been sent home. just as it is
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