tv Kulturzeit Deutsche Welle October 8, 2020 6:30am-7:01am CEST
yes. i'm against it. was. don't stand a chance. training success. to me starts october 15th. thank you. thank. you. hello and welcome to a new edition of focus on europe we begin today's show with a conflict that might be far away from europe geographically but still has a direct impact on our continent witness says of the syrian war a tale harrowing stories of arbitrary arrests torture and killings by the syrian secret police to officials believed to be part of president assad's regime are
currently on trial in germany these are some of the victims' families in front of a court in cordons a visual to remember those who are disappeared or killed in syria it's the 1st time suspected perpetrators are standing trial to face charges of crimes against humanity the principle of going to wrestle jurisdiction allows prosecution to take place in germany even though the crimes against humanity were committed in syria. mood is one of those who are closely following the court proceedings she is one of the countless syrians whose families have fallen victim to the civil war that's why she left her home country and fled to germany and now she has hope for long awaited justice. mahmoud in her apartment in the german capital of berlin the opponent of the regime in syria lives here on her own in exile isn't she this is my husband
. says 2012 he's been missing disappearing in a prison run by the syrian secret service. just like her son my here. baby mediators for the opposition and have been on their way back from outside syria when the protests against the regime in syria started. aired. on him and i called our son my hair after they arrived at the airport in damascus he said we're getting into the car now and we had syrian peace at the table that. was husband and son never got back home. the syrian secret services crimes are cruel these photos from inside syrian prisons were leaked in 2013 victims of torture photographed by a military policeman who managed to get them out of the country. today the photos
are important evidence against assad's torturers in europe the authorities were investigating them when they made a discovery and 2018 secret service members had allegedly come to europe from syria this guy's this refugees one of them is this man and where are the alleged head of the department and the secret service he and another suspected secret service members have been on trial in germany since april it's the 1st trial ever for crimes against humanity committed by members of the assad regime. for months and darwish the syrian opposition where the trial is a historic step towards more justice. the city's darwish was there for the start of the trial he lives in exile in europe to. decode example. when we are talking just. when we are talking. to the.
process. for us. the 1st. earth and. you know. when the trial started syrians opposed to the regime came together outside the court building to demand that a son be brought to trial. assad himself denies any responsibility or wrongdoing. but the evidence against the syrian regime is overwhelming. it's kept here at this secret location in western europe. william wiley used to work for the united nations investigating human rights abuses for human courts in former yugoslavia and rwanda he heads the commission for international justice and accountability and gathers evidence against assad's regime. basically.
what you have in this room are materials generated by the security intelligence structures of sure the military structures of syria and the party or political structures of syria at the top level and the governor level. records and files of the syrian regime cleaned examined and archived especially for the investigating authorities and courts in europe. wiley and other investigators are financially supported by european governments when the war in yugoslavia ended in the one. the international tribunal was missing many important files to prevent this from happening again the commission secured and smuggled over 800000 documents out of the case of the syrian civil war. is convinced that it will be enough to prove the syrian leadership responsibility
for human rights abuses. mom and living in exile in berlin i don't. understand if i could end up as a no no and i think justice will take its course and she did a point and i'm happy when i see that those people should the prisoners and i know what that's nice i've had that experience myself so therefore i be very happy if those responsible for techno chewing men and women are punished to get passed out we're caught up. in ny the biggest dream is to see the leadership being brought to justice for. him to pass out. mahmoud hopes that one day all the crimes of assad's regime will come to light including her husband's and her son's fate.
london is not just the capital of the u.k. it's also the country's traffic jam capital last year drivers in london spends nearly a 150 hours stuck in traffic that's 150 hours of people being idle and that's wasted time has cost the city billions now of course the streets of london are much empty here because many people are working from home and that has given way to bikers we met one of them and he is calling for a bicycle revolution on the streets of his city. the cyclist among the cost to be quite comfortable. when you're the one with the road what they say if you're a competent cyclist is not really much of a problem but you have to be going that more or less the speed of the traffic on your presence on the road has to be quite strong. philip jones and writes his bike
everywhere he cycle some 20000 kilometers a year. all tech finished films and his family are pleased that more and more london as are discovering the joys of cycling. the role of cycling enthusiast from the time when young children broke that bikes to school. that's still something of an audit seen on t.v. but could soon change. in schools by 1st then if they get people cycling. the next generation i think the definitely be more confident that on the buy it personally think they should just go ahead and close 50 percent. sidestreets just close the lid cause don't need to go on 50 percent so give us access to everybody on clothes as much as possible. those kinds of demands get london's taxi drivers the riled up the cities cabbies are among cyclists gray
says critics. who do it are psychos get rid of old and get over psychos over buses . they win and then misses the traffic at the moment is terrible subvocal using. drugs or whatever making more sock alliance is just going to make the traffic even worse study dress because half the people who saw it drag the marmot don't know the high white collars on the small percentage that they're not the highlight charge. so this should be some sort of a test for cyclists and yet london's in a city is currently swollen. with bicycles. as the qur'an the crisis in a new age of mentality. sightless now have some powerful supporters behind them there will be a huge amount of planning going into helping people to get to work other than by mass transit and this will be i hope and of the my right i'm very well as
a former secretary of transport i would agree this is should be a new governing age for psychic but they must act fast when commuters return on mass it won't be enough buses or trains to accommodate them and to take it to social distancing missions if even a small percentage of these commute to start using cars instead london will be fixed with total gridlock the temptation to get into medical will be very very strong and understandable so i think we've got a short window of time to reach out to both to the politicians and to the public a large to say there is a better word of to this. than just the city none dence financial district is leading the way. during the dead access is restricted to passes and bikes only. and sidewalks are being widened to give pedestrians more room laughs. and in some residential districts the streets are being close to 3 traffic
drivers are having to find other bricks. and. oh well. this just in these few weeks there is an amazing opportunity to connect a lot of the unconnected parts to get the local councils on board to get the local roads designation for cycling and says stop this because a true university would. during the corona crisis london feels a bit more like bike friendly amsterdam. to tell him to his family i hope it will stay that way ok this new golden age for cycling seems almost too good to be traded . do you like oysters i have to admit i'm not a huge fan but if you are then you surely know what a costly delicacy they are well in france this delicacy now needs its own security
detail as thieves have also come to realize their value they break into farms and steal the oysters to sell them later for a profit it's a huge loss for oyster farmers like nicole that no name he's now hoping that the local police can help protect his precious. it's early morning this is debated off a name on the french brittany coast. because on the name is an oyster farmer he loves working here for months he's been extremely worried because thieves have been stealing the precious molluscs. if the tide is out we come here in the mornings to check if everything is all right. soon he spots a basket that has been cut open again oysters these have struck it's a major financial loss it takes 3 years until the oyster can be sold until then
they need to be carefully tended to. weeks ago says 3 and a half tons of oysters were stolen in one night. here are 60. 7 or 8000 euros and they stole 250 of them through all. last year many tons of oysters were stolen across france and the situation seems to be getting worse and once the valuable mollusks have been taken they're impossible to trace back. some coastal towns have now set up a special police force like here in london monday as. a main job is to prevent oyster so. we go one patrol every morning noon and all that sort of night i mean yeah.
they use drones to keep an eye on the coast hoping to catch boisterous thieves red handed. so far they've proven elusive the thieves seem to know their way around the oyster farms and so usually all the special police force can do is act when it's already too late. we then look at the. other and if. we have to look at. such a big load of stolen oysters keep ploy. only people from within the trade are capable to do so says nick. he's convinced the thieves are from the area. nobody else has the local knowledge and tools
necessary to collect the baskets from the bay. thinking the kinds of people who. have a suspicion but no proof it could also turn out to be one of my friends. could experience a bit of disappointment. another problem is that an increasing number of oysters are catching a disease during farming the rare virus was previously found only in warmer waters . in the town of anarchy there's a market every saturday. oysters are extremely popular and he doesn't have to wait long for customers. full of very healthy very pure like the sea and also a bit nutty and with. these oysters have an extraordinary taste that we are particularly fond of. the oysters are sold out before noon.
like so often he says he could have sold a lot more if it weren't for the oyster thieves in his view their crimes are an forgivable. i know your yes we've also had to go to jail. but ever think of robbing neighbors. it's not. then they now hopes that the police can finally catch the thieves but the odds are against him. despite intensive investigations very few oyster thieves have been caught for decades thousands of people were disenfranchised or abused by the swiss state even young children were torn from their parents well the spirit allegation that they didn't conform to social norms. is one of the many victims now fighting for compensation the atrocities he suffered as
a child still haunts him to this day. the swiss authorities took him away from his mother put him in a home and locked him away. at age 6 bulger was placed in foster care with a parish couple who abused him. for help read on their recent pulled my ears and by hair a lot and beat me he would lock me in the basement or in the broom closet because. i. am a spare is still traumatized by his experiences to this day he struggles to set foot in a church. the 64 year old set up a small museum in the basement of the community center of his village a fair outdoor which makes 10 people how this was state condemned him. around 60000 people in switzerland were submitted to so-called administrative care
by the can tunnel authorities because they were judged to be socially different the practice continued until 981 people including his mother were put in prisons like this one him a spare was born here in 1957. before moving because my name i suspect that my mother was administratively cared for because she was expecting and illegitimate child. and that's what they did at the time. they put such mothers away they didn't fit into swiss society. well that's right. people deemed as being work shy drinkers or of having loose morals were taken to prison without trial to foster families or to a psychiatric ward there they were to be reeducated. by a system that had stripped them of their rights and excluded them from society. historians like or scaremonger confirmed that these people were not criminals
gehman conducted research for the swiss government as part of an independent commission of inquiry. by even 4th in the case of those receiving administrative care it was usually not a matter of criminal offenses but simply a way of life that did not conform to social norms. stories like daughter emma spector's have cast a shadow over swiss history there are around $650.00 prisons and other institutions in switzerland in which children and young adults were imprisoned exploited and in many cases severely mistreated. or was locked up for hours on end at his foster parents house he was forced to clean and work in the garden and fields he didn't accompany us to the house as he suffered a panic attack when he tried to visit a few years ago. for of a coach that was so strange i hid in a bush like an animal i really felt that this was the end. when he was 11 the
parish couple took him to the psychiatric clinic in minsk telling him there the boy's plight worsened near the it illegally constans the hospital director tested psychiatric medication on him in the 1960 s. and seventy's the time for all i know is that i felt a lot of north korea just generally bad and lousy. and every now and again i'd also have something like a seizure for all becomes a. the boy does not seem to tolerate tougher new well and we believe that the unpleasant symptoms he is showing are side effects of this medication. it makes my skin crawl. and i ask myself why they did that so. imma spare is fighting to have what happened to him and others forced into administrate of care publicly recognized. my hope is that something like
this never happens again oh and also that this whole dark chapter of switzerland's post goes into the history books as rights. and other victims have already received a small sum from the swiss government but he insists that his fight is not just about the money we now take you to a roma settlements in eastern bull garia the roma are a minority group that has been marginalized for decades many roma grow up in poverty with no formal education the poor health care services and this small future prospects it's particularly tough on children they often can't make it out without outside help. the roma settlement in slieve in is called. which means hope. but there is little sign of hope here. the people are poor.
25000 roma live in this ghetto it's one of the largest area here the law of the street prevails dimiter have never lets his 12 year old daughter mariana out of the house alone it's too dangerous girls live in constant danger of being kidnapped child marriage is common no lasting according to our tradition girls get married when they're 12 or 13 and then they have children but i don't want to live like that. since her mother left mariana lives alone with her blind father he's constantly worried that he won't be able to protect his daughter. i have a dream to get out of this ghetto there's no future here in addition to. marry on his cello helps distractor she practices for hours every day she's able to leave the ghetto with her instrument 3 times a week into another world. into
your game world. famous bulgarian violinist has performed on the big stages in europe today he lives in germany but he grew up in a desert. i was just like these kids mr issues and do it today here in those homes my father gave me my 1st violin and it was here that i started playing because abortions. is familiar with poverty he also knows that for most roma children especially girls it's difficult to escape. 10 years ago he got the chance to do something about it and took it. more thoughts but my partner's father died and the fountain and of the look with money it's not much money neither it's the folks who have children so we decided to do some things that are money in the roma quarter instead of that was lost the my wife said you are
a musician the children with your violin is. decided to open a music school and his sister's garage with the help of donations 300 roma children have since been given the chance to learn an instrument here for mariana it was a long and hard way. the other kids teased me when i went to music class with some of the so when they heard me play in concert they apologized to me and i even proud of me with my dream is to play the cello and to teach. that to. mary on a school principal insists she has to study hard and to speak bulgarian well only then will she have a good chance for a musical career. omo. they have to have at least to see a great average gotten otherwise they can't develop musically. yorkie shows his scholars the country's most important stage the concert hall bulgaria and sofia.
mariano and her fellow students play together with the virtue of the national symphony orchestra. her father couldn't afford the trip to sofia but he knows that mary on his concert is a good chance for her. with music lessons our children don't only learn music they also experience a whole new culture which helps them to break the roman mentality of the roman traditional all that the. nicolo demeanor of wants to accompany his daughter on her journey leaving the streets and as best as he can. in the meantime what more people have decided to support mariana and her fellow musicians so we will definitely catch up with her to find out how she has been faring well that's all we have time for on today's focus on europe to say well and
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