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tv   37 Grad  Deutsche Welle  October 9, 2020 11:30pm-12:01am CEST

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coming to stay behind and simply a little my husband went to peru because of the crisis that no one wanted that if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger around down. the. district starts october 16th. this is deja news africa coming up on the program. confronting harmful traditions the form of queen taking a stand against female genital mutilation we'll look at the challenges she faces. finally free after their ordeal in the hands of jihadist militants for hostages released in mali. and shining a light on a dark past efforts in vain then to tell the story of slavery using what it left behind.
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hello i'm told me all a lot of well it's good to have your company the world health organization calls it an extreme form of discrimination and a way of controlling women we're talking about female genital mutilation or f. g.m. more than 200000000 women and girls alive today have had parts of their genitalia removed for non-medical reasons of the 30 countries where women are subjected to f g.m. 27 are in africa the dark red areas on this map show the countries where more than 50 percent of women have had their genitals neuter lated such as somalia sudan and mali in the orange areas the figure is 26 to 50 percent and the yellow areas it is between 11 and 25 percent. one member of the muscle using her fame as a former missed tons and to try to end what she describes as
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a barbaric practice. diana edward lucas is a 22 year old messiah woman she's trying to break the silence the silence surrounding female genital mutilation or f.g. m. she set up the cut alert foundation it is working to stop the bloodshed from f.p.m. in the midst cycle munity. so i decided to create that foundation in order to stand for my community i believe i want to be sons and i got the boy to go the power i got a lot of people well we think saul standing for my community against religion integration of the what was my great. power. some messiah believe that a woman is not ready for marriage unless her genitals have been cut the practice is centuries old young girls bleed profusely and sometimes lose their lives during the
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procedure all the boys are given opportunity and platform to study but young girls are most given that support tonight so i think that i'll finnegan's in as miscommunication so i do get far enough that even girls have the power if you look at girl we educate the whole community. stopping f.d.m. is difficult politicians sometimes support the practice or keep quiet about it to win votes among the messiah. you know you're going to see community where something has been deaf or years i give them it has been there for years you know discrimination it's been there for years only may imagine going to a community and tell them to stop what they have been in a thing for generations you know right it is it was very. diana won the miss tanzania crown in 2016 cents then she is used her fame to campaign against female genital mutilation in her community. why girls who understand
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that the best the best and all those that are happening to them it's a part of something that has been growing for from generation to generation. so yes we're going to get it back to you and they deserve the best and this should fly best gourds voice of the gods of blossom this. day and it encourages young girls to study and said of getting married at a young age. under the hash tag stop the bloodshed she's determined to fight for messiah girls against female genital mutilation. in mali 4 hostages including a leading opposition politician and a french aid worker have returned home after being freed by islamist insurgents the hostages were kidnapped at separate times but their joint release comes after
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government negotiations with the hostage takers militants linked to al qaeda in the so-called islamic states have been a constant threat in the country carrying out attacks and kidnappings in the north . bend since march when the 3 times presidential candidate soon my let's say we seized by jihadists while he was on the campaign trail need to their reunion was just one of the scenes of joy in the capital bamako to say hundreds of gratitude from ali's new transitional government . i want to thank the new mali authorities which have changed in my absence this means the president was effective he moved fast and was diligent. here he. says a was released along with 3 european hostages 2 italians the priest pier luigi mccarley in the tourist new collection. with them the 75 year old french aid workers sophie petal mean planned their son they were tears of joy she spent 4 years in the hands
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of the jihadists after they took a hostage and 2016. year had spent almost a quarter of a century in the north of this country treating children with malnutrition my greatest joy today is knowing that my assistant was able to continue the work without me by someone. it's unclear whether a ransom was paid or if they were freed as part of a prisoner swap what is known is that the government of mali is new transitional president. released more than 100 militants last weekend. but molly's neighbors and international partners fear that could add further fuel to the insurgency that's spread from the country's north soon 2012. the felony people are a nomadic ethnic group that move with their cattle across west and central africa but with population growth there is less space for their heads to graze freely that
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means they often come into conflict with owners of farm land who accuse them of trespassing and destroying their crops here's an example of how this dispute is playing out in ghana. 50 year old giallo sambo is a fulani herdsman in eastern. he owns thousands of cattle they graze on lands like these and that's creating problems with the locals who own the farmland thing they are now retaliating. in your mind you might be yeah yeah we don't have any other job we raise livestock and farm at the same time to make a living much for many years we've done this without issues and in recent years our cattle have been attacked and killed by locals and security forces. they're trying to destroy our livelihood yeah well i do and i have i thought sambo has lived here all his life he was born into the fulani community just like his father and
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grandfather. he explains why he now feels threatened by the current hostilities. and you guys you know. they are killing our cattle but also shooting at our children and workers who heard the cattle some have even died so now we are scared. sambo is not alone in this predicament today he's attending a meeting with other food lonnie's and his community they often come together to discuss the challenges they face sharing stories of discrimination and how they can stay safe. and the time we meet like these not you not a bus and also if you had been on a bus not you didn't know to you could only people would almost be really you would . some residents in the community say the problems with the food lonnie's
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go beyond the destruction of the farmland and. then. to be honest if they want to appease the locals they would have to stop committing crimes while there would be peace and unity among us in this community if some of them would stop stealing and doing other bad things. experts say the lack of a proper landownership system and a lack of community sensitivity have contributed to the conflict. played demarkation. where you can create is where you come from is a major problem for some form of competition for space in reading some of these rooms in other places is lack of information the government has struggled to come up with a solution for now so that is like sambo pray for an end to hostilities to protect his livelihood and his family. protests against racism in the us and europe have
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led to the toppling of statues that appear to glorify a slave owners in west africa relics from that era are being restored to shine a spotlight on the horrors of the transatlantic slave trade the city of we die in ben now it was one of the major slave ports but is now aiming to be a key source of education on this brutal past. the door of no return now when women and children were taken against their will and shipped from here across the atlantic in abominable conditions. the monument was built in the 1990 s. in the u. nest go sponsored project it's now been newly restored. the same applies to a 3 kilometer long path dubbed the slavery from the center of waiter where the slaves were sold to the beach the route is lined with a freeze testifying to the suffering of the prisoners it was actually powerful
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local chiefs who captured people usually from rival tribes and sold them to french portuguese and british merchants a complex legacy. market in this one is the most marked city in the history of slavery that's why beyond the movements claiming the cause of black people we want the sites that have been involved in history to be restored so that the history doesn't die. we die is also building a museum dedicated to the slave trade overall some 12 and a half 1000000 africans were forced onto ships like this one between the 17th and 19th centuries conditions on board was so bad that nearly 2000000 didn't even survive the crossing. this emotion that i have every time i see those chains that we used to shackle the slaves our
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grandparents our ancestors who were deported by the colonisers it's like i feel sick. every time i relive things that i don't want to relive it's painful but it's our story and we have to accept it one that's it. we're not usually taught these things at school or in everyday life i think that if it continues like this we'll be able to properly represent our country and we need to do that the best deal for. the slaves from bernina we're taken to brazil haiti and the united states where they were forced to work on the plantations the former colonial powers have never been brought to account for their actions but the town of wheat or at least wants to ensure they're not forgotten. well that's it for now but be sure to check out all the stories on com ford slash africa our facebook and twitter we'll see you next time.
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you squat as soon as it sinks. to understand the. need to take a closer. experience no.
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i'm not laughing at the germans because sometimes i am but most and nothing with the. deep into german culture. will take this ground they owe you because it's all about who they know i might show join me to meet the gentleman's meet up host. our european museums ready to give up on art looted from their former colonies some big developments there coming up on arts and culture and. history only a musician nick cave displays decades of creativity and experience from exhibition. welcome to arts and culture lawmakers in france voted this week to return more than 2 dozen objects to the 4 countries former colonies i've been in and sent to go the pieces include
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a royal throne that was captured by the french army over a century ago the bill passed the lower chamber of french parliament unanimously and now it's headed to the senate. if approved by the french senate 26 artifacts will be returned to the republic of binning it's taken a while for french lawmakers to reach this stage 3 years ago president manuel mccall promised a quick return but for a long time nothing happened. so recently a congolese activist snatched from the music a brownlee what he believes he was entitle to take. in my initiated the fight for the dignity for the recovery of our heritage our works of art our looted stolen spoiled works of art which are today locked up in various western museums stopped by security he's now on trial on charges of attempted theft. could also destruct
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you is the real thief in this story the thief who takes something fraudulently i am the legitimate heir i am the biological administrative and cultural of this heritage don't you dare you to read this if but when one. it's estimated that some 80 percent of africa's cultural heritage is currently located in europe taken through a conflict or forced pass or this dark chapter is one many would like to forget but demands for it to be addressed are growing louder. this does not only concern france that many european countries they are now asked to deal with their colonial history and especially with the current relationship with africa which is still marked by slowly lism drop or marker. in the netherlands the cultural council has just laid down new guidelines on restitution london's been a museum is working on returning artifacts to ethiopia to researching their
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provenance for art historian benedix of boy such time consuming research is needless bureaucracy again the front office does we assure him that in most cases. consent was not given which is supported by many reports even when it came to scientific expeditions so we recommend that if demanded these objects should be restitution without major difficulties. it has to have been the uncomplicated restitution is still not easy the situation has cast a shadow over the opening of the new home both for and those in charge want to keep researching. kernel ism is one of the central themes of the entire program at the homebuilt forum that is the university the city museum and the ethnological collections. so why then a $440.00 clearly stallman pieces from beneath him being moved into the building for many believe the objects will be much safer in europe and that's in africa's
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best interest. a feeling of superiority and a subtle continuation of colonial mind sent in berlin as elsewhere the pressure here is to find a different approach. and museums in the netherlands this week promise to return possibly as many as 100000 works of art and artifacts to former dutch colonies that could include this 70 carat diamond that once belonged to a sultan and what's now part of indonesia the decision was based on recommendations in a report by the dot dutch cultural council a body that advises the dutch parliament on cultural policy and willie and gonsalves whole kanya author of that report she is a lawyer and human rights activist who had been other ones advisory committee on colonial collections mrs gonzalvo thanks for joining me. right now
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your report is your report is over 100 pages long what are the key points. he finds. that we apply the minister of culture a couple honesty in the 1st place. to recognize that he will go to our object the ways i didn't. rule it. and. in year 6 has to be rectified in the best possible way of reconciling ramadan will. make. it. so when it has to. be full and. now major museums and in other lands have signaled that they are willing to work with those guidelines any restitution still there have to be approved by the dutch government if all this goes through what impact do you think
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these restitution is would have on dutch museums and do you think that that's museums can still set an example for the rest of europe. but then you seem to interconnect and then. react in general is very possible because in there i'm hunger. checks and they are. to do problem in the search and it has the story then or the plan 3 in a way then. s. there are so many also acts or if. there aren't very precious. main stuff if it still. didn't. return and all that reason why accept an excise every.
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now just briefly why now. well people take more and more or an inch fast in the go on your couch in history because knowing your class also hope in the haitian. people living in the former colony and in the netherlands and also abroad if this keening that these scientists know the arts of anything or were wrongdoings in the past ms gonzalez i think we're going to have to leave it there thank you so much for coming on arts and culture. thank you very much. some other culture news now of on guard rock musician nick cave has been baring his soul on albums and in concerts for decades well now the singer songwriter is
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exhibiting has visual art as notebooks and personal artifacts at an exhibition in copenhagen and our reporter adrian kennedy immersed himself in the experience. of strangers and kindness the nick cave exhibition is in the basement of the danish royal library in the iconic brecht diamond building in copenhagen the pieces of music in a. 1000000 movie strews propelling souls away at a tremendous rate. welcome to the cave cave a sub to a new network of rooms that provide an insight into russia manic rock star and represent a new artwork reflecting on the nature of identity and creativity. part of the exhibition consists of painstaking reconstructions of caves former homes and workspaces the attention to detail is breathtaking.
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the idea for the exhibition originally came from koch you're a so christine of back. cave overcame some initial reluctance and worked closely on the project. the exhibition also includes a generous part of nick cave's own personal library. with the corona in joost restrictions on visitor numbers it does sometimes feel a little bit like having broken into nick cave's home. alongside the reconstructions the pieces include original artwork personal artifacts collected by the singer no. and. the result is a tense and frightening journey into the mind of one of the most original voices in
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rome. and adrian kennedy is here with me now adrianna how did this exhibit to happen a major nick cave exhibition at a library in denmark well it was the royal danish library that approach nick cave's team nick cave it wasn't that infused about what could have been just an astounding trip down memory lane but fortunately for us he met with the team and he soon became infused by their ideas and added. he saw it partly as an opportunity to share with fans artefacts note books and his beautifully crafted handmade books that he says give birth gave birth and norrish the official works the songs and the novels of nick cave i think it's pretty obvious that you're a big fan though i've heard some rumors but you're back in the day in west berlin rubbed shoulders with nick cave did you start those rumors adrian. just around the
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corner from him in your strossen west in 1980 s. i saw him in bars but i was far too timid to speak to him nonetheless it was very strange and it made me feel rather old to see a reconstruction of his bedroom there in the exhibition with the books piled high there's a photo of nick cave in this room included in the book stranger than car companies the expression which shows just how accurate these weeks instructions are i'm sure your westborough important apartment was just like ok it made you feel old would you still recommend the exhibition absolutely i only got to spend a couple of hours there and it's a bit of a cliche to say you could have spent a whole day down there but in this particular case. you could spend a whole lifetime down on that and still not get bought this so much detail and also you have nick cave's expect 6 i forget your disposal what could be better i would
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is a whole life basically now the singer in a cave i believe can be experienced in november in select cinemas around the world what can you tell us about that that's why he initially lifestream the film of his concert idiot prayer nick cave in alexandra palace in july but this claimed film will now get a cinema release on november 5th and be released as a love me for album on to 25 november. through. reactivation stranger been kindness thank you. now london's royal ballet is finally back it's been 7 months off the stage for britain's biggest ballet company here they are keeping in shape at home for their big comeback at the royal opera house now the opera is using the company's return
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performance as a test to see how it can get back to having live audiences i'll leave you now with the royal ballet thanks for watching arts and culture.
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to the point of strong opinions clear positions of international perspectives. after days of uncertainty don't just say donald trump no longer has any kofi 19 symptoms so what's behind the president's mysterious recovery and will the corona pandemic decide the u.s. election find out on to the point shortly. to the point. has been 30 minutes on t.w. . it's going to. be our fighters want to start families to become farmers or engineers every one of them has a plan for you. so nothing is just the children who have always been the way and you and those that will follow are part of a new process. they could be the future.
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students are. training successful. ok let me. start october 1st. w. this is deja vu news and these are our top stories. germany has marked the 1st anniversary of an anti semitic attack on a synagogue in the eastern city of hama in which 2 people were killed during president frank falter steinmeyer said he felt sadness shame and anger over the attack and over the recent rise in anti semitism and racism in germany make. this better scotland has declared a state of emergency in madrid because.

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