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tv   Deutschland im Kalten Krieg  Deutsche Welle  October 12, 2020 4:15pm-5:00pm CEST

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then stricter rules have been imposed again locals are only allowed to leave the city in exceptional cases the virus would be less destructive if our politicians actually did their job it's a sentence that you hear more and more on the streets of madrid people are increasingly tired of a political system in which power games seem more important than pragmatic crisis management and they hardly see any sign of improvement. dr amano overall it isn't done yet she takes a short coffee break 3 hours after her shift was supposed to end and will then attention to more patients she's worried that the coming days will even be longer for her and her colleagues. well german authorities are introduced a new restrictions as infection levels in some cities reach what they say are worrying levels the southern city of munich is now classed as a virus hotspot private and public gatherings that and how limited to 10 people with only 25 allowed to attend big events weddings and birthdays the capital of the
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western city of cologne so new rules put in place over the weekend clubs and restaurants not have to close by 11 at night. and get moved up is chief political correspondent melinda cross welcome how worried is the german government about these increases in hotspots it's definitely worried the government spokesman said today that the situation is serious that the country is standing sensually at the beginning of a 2nd wave and that germany is also seeing more severe cases involving the need for intensive care and hospitalization and so he called this a very decisive moment for germany going forward and people in germany are looking at a patchwork of new regulations as each state introduces its own rules why. well
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under germany's federal system state authorities local authorities do have the right to decide what kind of restrictions to impose and the fact is that the situation is very very different if you compare say a big densely populated city like berlin or munich with the much more rural regions for example in the north of the country in the federal states. or mecklenburg for prom and and therefore it's perhaps not surprising that authorities in those more rural areas are looking to impose different rules and in fact are trying to some degree to limit travel from by people from hotspots but that is causing much frustration and consternation for example here in berlin with all vacation approaching and berliners having hoped to spend it in those rural areas so the chancellor now says that she is going to hold a video conference this week with state and local authorities to talk about those
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discrepancies and what if anything can be done ok so the way you've outlined it there you can see the sense of it in it some of the restrictions however don't appear to make sense like for example berlin is are not allowed to stay in hotels in brandenburg which is just 30 kilometers away but they are allowed to travel all the way to greece yes and. just do call into question some of these measures like those in their german travel bans of course much as it was at the beginning of the pandemic political authorities are often looking to establish an appearance of control and perhaps also not always analyzing whether all of the measures imposed are truly effective and briefly melinda. measures on the way. there could well be authorities particularly in those hotspots cities that we mentioned they say we may see tighter rules regarding the wearing of masks
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we may see more limits on gatherings by groups especially parties by young people because they seem to be one of the main sources of spreading right now and berlin's mayor said that if necessary he will be considering some form of lock down going forward if the city doesn't bring the numbers down thank you for that d w chief political correspondent linda crane. scientists who spent more than a year studying climate change in the arctic of return to base with some alarming findings are the german ship polar just has just docked of its home order from a half a half to 3 189 days jesting through the arctic scientists aboard say the arctic ocean is warming that one of ice free summers there in just decades is a closer look at historic expedition. it's a timber 29000 the german research vessel palash 10 sets out on
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a historic expedition with hundreds of scientists from 20 countries. their destination is the polar region the aim to gain new insights into almost wished he changing climate. you know told by the ice breaker docked on 2 huge ice floe and flocks into the ice. the scientists set up their state of the art instruments to morning toward the flaws lifecycle from its formation to its credible destruction at the end of the arctic summer. the arctic is heating up at a much faster rate than the rest of the world we see a dramatic change we need to understand that process as the arctic is an integral part of the global climate system if we don't understand what's happening in the arctic we can't predict the climate an hour later toots that's what we're here for we need to collect the data so that we have
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a solid foundation for basing political decisions from their floating lab the scientists took water samples examined the arctic flora and fauna measured the sea ice and launched weather balloons. all in extreme conditions for months they worked in total darkness at times the temperature drop to almost minus 40 degree celsius getting supplies through to the researchers was a constant challenge but everything went according to plan until the koran a pandemic threatened to undermine the complicated logistics chain. palash done was forced to temporarily abandon the flow and head to the no vision point of. the corner but me how do. we faced huge challenges because of the pandemic we were forced to replant the entire logistics how to replace the crew deliver supplies and refuel the ship we had to complete and we organize the entire process it's
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a unique situation we happy we found a quick solution on the sets of data to. make at the flow research activities were resumed as expected rising temperatures credulously melted the ice until in late july the flow finally broke apart. the group scrambled to safety equipment. in the last 12 months they have collected over $100.00 terabytes of data which will take several years to evaluate but one thing is already clear the polar ice is melting and at an even faster rate than the scientists feared. let's talk with the. director of the alpha very going to institute which led that expedition welcome to the w didn't we already know that arctic sea ice was shrinking fast. yes
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but we've seen there are much more and some stark changes the arctic sea ice i'm having to are 1. 100 more rounded out or are actually focusing on the night when. these 3 he's probably rephrase was. right so we had to go to for that you've collected all these terabytes of data what is it that you're hoping to find in a most all of. right some people in trying to sound that acting oh sure that's an older son kind of see eyes and went outside and there are no set scares no one out there around to know or no data and so our climb up a. really good observations to send some on sunday some problems that we haven't forecasting where the cia is shrinking in some other time when the
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absence of my time and who is really inside decades how will the arctic ocean behave the c.s. goes away and so are many questions i ask where having an eye on our planet was ending and on mars of a nation 10 years ago all sorts of scientists it was and has now been lucky the simplest just that and it's so important that you have these criminals you're out measurements for them very 1st time a lot faster than such an address i studied was just 125 years ago ok so this is important to build a sort of accurate model of thought for weather forecasts of the lives and of the way the climate is changing and i wondered did the actual presence of the ship very . the pole does not actually affect such a delicate environment. well of course like the simplest presence would have an impact just exactly at that one location nerds app for example. just started it
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is a someone was up times and those kinds of things are always you know that science and other stuff was present you know so are the changes experimental system so that's not you. because so many people out there that it can't concept an observation for example of that is not that where that's 2 part of the eyes of all that when 3 we set our observations it sees away from the self we talk about that is a good measurement and the act must be as far away from the said well you have samples that show that we could mean for us in the areas that are impacting the results that we have so although that might change to want to yourself the fact that we somehow understand that sun is mounting the reason why i'm already coming out to the whims of x. that you're not isn't some of this is something that the ship didn't cost this is something that is a real reason and i witnessed accept we are communicating. he said
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weapons are only guessing what the state of our planet and there's no quick word about corona virus which is a part of every day. which is a part of every day like here on dr life and. how much is it is it affecting life on the boat. oh that was are quite dramatic because from a long list of things that could potentially go around during the last war that's because we saw i love everything but we couldn't proceed and i haven't now the that ended that had led to a lockdown after our appetites and close rob was already by monsters that totally affected the way we could exchange our personalities 5 the same just as well as the scientists so we had to revise times that i was a people cannot stay longer and then relied on us to provide a new plan to provide exchanges already this tremendous energy and food and so on and that's the we'll manage cities and as it seems a science is a group with the help of many nations around 5 i think that's us and 20 nations
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rather than that mission and they all reacted next to each other to carry out the mission that's to kill it's true and we're also happy that we are all right good surrogates are birds us from the out for a very good in 6 years. you know producers asia perished on a journey to sort of in just a childhood. the
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number of coronas infections is rising. people are listed keeping ministers certain distance often seems impossible odds researchers say it can be done. by the small debt streams. please help reduce the spread of the by. tomorrow today. and 60 minutes. and you hear me now yes yes we've got new you and
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i last 2 years just men's hearts now when we bring you i'm going to back off as you've never tired to have before a surprise yourself with walter disposable who is magical really want a new start and want to also talk to people who follow child. along the way admirers and critics alike how is the world's most powerful woman shaping the public is joining us from eccles last stop. staying up to date don't miss our highlights. program online w dot com highlights. people looking for coverage. there are many answers. there are many reasons.
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and there are many alternatives. to. make up your own. made for minds. this is the doctor news asia coming up today north korea raises the stakes in u. clear diplomacy. to the country on vale's a previously unseen besides that could potentially carry multiple warheads in the u.s. city how concerned should we be. ranch's an activist in her eighty's campaigning for muslim rights in india with the woman time magazine calls one of the world's 100 most influential people.
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welcome to do. glad you could join us a grand military parade over the weekend in north korea has left analysts concerned about the nuclear threat posed by the hammer nation the calls of the body this new missile a mock up of fitch was put into during the 75th anniversary celebrations of the workers' party of north korea if fully operational the myside could be capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads and targeting american cities now north korea already has missiles capable of striking u.s. cities but it is the multiple warheads that any misfiled carries that makes defending against it much harder and more expensive has more on what many believe gives north korea a very potent bargaining chip in future negotiations with the united states.
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it was a kind of military state to become used to seeing in north korea. choreographed . with a vast array of military hardware on show. and the usual statement of defiance from the country's dictator kim jong un women too busy to believe we will continue to strengthen self defense of war to terence to deter control and manage all dangers attempts and threatening acts including ever growing nuclear threats from hostile forces the way that it is in the. eye but it was a sight of this weapon that cause many international north korea watches to sit up and take notice was appears to be a new in seconds and mental ballistic missile the largest and potentially most powerful of its kind ever displayed by pyongyang and one that could pose a new threat to the u.s.
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and the international community. saw like it or not is a nuclear power and is probably as a sort nuclear power are we just kept offs pricing american cities sought after russia and china. south korea responded by urging pyongyang to commit to previous agreements on disarmament. japan also expressed concern saying it would continue to boost its military defenses. i will refrain from mentioning various individual missiles but in general terms when we are aware that some new missile is make it difficult for conventional equipment to deal with when they were part of a coma. but for all the bravado on show in north korea analysts noted that kim jong un also appeared to be holding back. he's not yet tested a new weapon leading some to say it may not even. and this could be
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a tactic to increase his leverage in any future talks with the united states. for more on this i'm joined now by dr sujan lim an analyst on north korean affairs from the university of central lancashire in the u.k. dr limb welcome how much of a cause of concern would you say is this new missile. as i say are having the missile itself is not too much new thing for us it's that kind of tactics been there for a long time and especially are we are waiting for the november presidency election in the states and in north korea especially is aiming to see who will be the president giving the message to the states and it's not only about their missile at the parade what is more about the conjunctions state their speech on the day he made it clear that north korea will use these missiles for south self
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defense they were in that have an intention to be a problem. unless they don't have any estimate challenges so that means whoever it will be the president of the united states after november north korea will be ready either be provocative or corporative so they are giving the message to the united states in that sense it would be really about how you present a real show a kind of gesture to north korea at the beginning what is driving a north korea's nuclear missile program i mean is it the argument that look if you don't develop weapons that can hit us hard we won't be hard. for for the north korea the
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a nuclear program or this kind of misses can be have been the bargaining power and also survival reading bible tactics for north korea they think they have seen their what happened in their iraq before in the area or gaddafi what happened after they gave up their our nuclear program in the past so for me it's really not likely that north korea will give up nuclear weapon entirely alas they have any kind of. the tactics that they can develop of order to maintain their resume for now the nuclear program is one of the strongest. pogany power for north korea that's why i thought there was a tap in in certain near future where do you see the united states progressing in the future dr lim
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the movie really will be the president point as i see both biden and trump are pretty much interested in at talking with north korea recently biden also mentions that it isn't a story he has intention to mitigate in general for trump of course it will be our not our layer of this theater tactic for donald trump as a reality t.v. show program so. whoever it will do before north korea us and will continue to have a negotiation and discussion about over the nuclear program within a career the north korea has been facing tough u.n. sanctions over it's a missile program what does it say about these sanctions if not korea is even to create such a missile despite these sanctions. the situation is like in the past when kim jong il or. the kingdoms of other things i
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knew was that they used a nuclear power for food aid so whenever data showed a missile test or shore their nuclear program development then they support rest and allies probe i think the 4 day rather than imposing a stronger power sanctions but at the moment can generally north korea is facing a stronger sanctions and kim jong un tries to see their way how to get away from that and for example china and russia we know that still provide such a level of support north korea truculent believe in that thank you so much for speaking to us thank you. for 3 months early this year
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a small neighborhood in delhi was the most visible protest against a new citizenship law project by the indian government the protesters in shah he opposed to a law they said discriminated against muslims when it came to granting illegal migrants in india citizenship but amongst those protestors an octogenarian grandmother stood out because bono named recently as one of time magazine's 100 most influential people for 2020 was a constant presence at the protests we met the 82 year old in delhi. everyone knows bill has been or here in shopping bag a muslim quarter in delhi they call her respectfully bill q study granma bill kiss at the age of 82 she has become the face of muslim protest here against the nationalist hindu government of india shining back translates roughly as royal garden but this part of town is hardly regal bilk it says muslims are discriminated
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against and she wants to change that. the government doesn't care about muslims it's there only for hindus they keep saying we should go to pakistan but we were born here just as our forefathers wear what should we do in pakistan. we live here and we'll die here. the women of shopping bag and their nationwide reputation last winter that's when they blocked one of delhi's main roads for more than 100 days in protest against the newly passed citizenship amendment act which has caused some international concern because critics claim it discriminates against muslims. when coronavirus 1st hit the government was able to clear the streets of people but bilk has kept up the fight even though many of the other protest leaders have been arrested hindu hardliners called her a terrorist and a pakistani agent but she's become one of time magazine's 100 most influential
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people of 2020. men tell us we should stay at home and cook don't get me wrong i like to cook and i'm proud that i have borne children but we women also have to serve as role models for our children if we don't teach them then they won't amount to anything i do this with pride and with store says i'm. prime minister narendra modi has also made it on to time magazine's list. bill chris says he deserved to but that at 70 morty is comparatively young and still has a lot to learn she says he'll have to do that if he wants to run the country better and. i consider him a son. but he should listen to me as a mother if he ever invites me to meet him i would gladly go but i would be coming with my demands among. hill kisses phone fame and she doesn't mind it
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but she knows that she hasn't achieved her goals they 82 year old says she hasn't given up and then hops on her real son scooter to head to the next protest. and that's if a very be sure to check out other stories on beat up to dot com. on facebook and twitter but even now with these pictures of festivity in the north korea marking the 75th anniversary of the country's ruling party remarked more of the same 5 of them are.
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combating the pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and. our corona update. 19 special next on d w. 6 to go beyond yes.
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as we take on the world. the stories that matter to you can't really. ever. see. the color. lines. 1000000 deaths a grim milestone for a pandemic that's not even a year old in 10 months more people have died from coven 1000 than from hiv malaria the flu and cholera combined hefty body counts for a microscopic pathogen and some experts think it's an undercount. the pandemic isn't done yet cases are spiking in india and europe complacency and frustration are growing. out of fear of the corona virus in march and
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april but they don't any more some are also leaving their homes because they have to go to work. they don't have any money and they don't have any other options. as the numbers continue to rise how long before the next milestone. this is the 1900 special a low and welcome to the show i'm see in berlin 1000000 deaths in 10 months what began as a mysterious respiratory disease and china has now spread around the world's leading a significant body count its wake and showing little sign of abating in the near future is a look at how we reached this point. the 1st death outside of china was reported in the philippines on february 2nd just 12 days later france confirmed the 1st victim in europe. at the end of february the united states reported its 1st. on
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june 28th the global death toll hit half a 1000000 and just 3 months later the millionth victim was confirmed. the u.s. has the highest death toll so far it also has the highest number of cases followed by india and brazil. spain has the most confirmed infections in the european union with cases surging across the world experts expect the global death toll to climb rapidly in the coming months. now one of the country's worst hit by the pandemic wasn't on that last list pru which is topped 800000 factions has had one of the world's highest mortality rates and its economy has shrunk by a whopping 30 percent but new cases are slowing and that's prompted the government to begin easing restrictions many fear that they're acting too soon. finally able to be by her husband's side this doesn't cemetery in northern peru is
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the final resting place for local coronavirus victims now that restrictions have been eased relatives are allowed in to visit even though it isn't at the spot ana maria and her husband had planned for your method to get up and when i went to town to make burial arrangements they told me i couldn't bury him in the plot we had chosen. i was told that an order had been issued that everyone who died from coated had to be buried in this summit area. others are still fighting for their lives peru's president says the country's health care system is stronger now than it was at the beginning of the pandemic. and the government is expanding testing including in low income areas of the capital lima. so with the rate of new infections on the decline the government is pushing ahead with plans to reopen more
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of the economy and even start logging in international flights starting with neighboring countries but some health experts are warning against reopening to tast . he may not be reopening gyms bars and discos and other forms of entertainment will be terrible. c.e. at. first so yes it could bring about a 2nd wave quicker how the window and. i think we definitely need to reconsider these steps. to fear is that peru could repeat the pattern of other countries seeing a rise in cases followed by a new wave of mass burials. i'm joined now by alan lopez he's an epidemiologist and professor at the university of melbourne which is where he joins me from professor it's good to have you on the show you've said that this death count could actually be a vast undercounts by how much. is probably
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likely to be somewhere between 30 and 60 percent of an undercount huge number of factors why is that what are those factors. oh as for principle factor stephen that i think you're driving the numbers down one is that doctors are still learning how to apply the w.h.o. rules to certify the deaths in this they're getting used to that until they get used to it properly they'll be undercounting to it secondly the 19th. it kills people in ways that we're still learning about in other words if they magnify stuff the background risks if you go to hypertension if you're a smoker if you're overweight if you've got chronic lung disease in a slackly that code of 19 is going to be more serious for you and will kill many of the people with those conditions those co-morbidities certainly credit 19 is having a big impact on health services so in developing countries we're seeing programs
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essential programs like h r v control to be malaria are all being affected and so many of the people who need the services are not getting them and are probably dying as a result and even in rich countries we see people not turning up for cancer screening when they should be and finally and perhaps most importantly many many deaths in the world go home counted to develop one 3rd of deaths go on registered each year and even many of those that are registered don't get a proper current cause of death so it's likely that covered 19 suffers from or was conditions as well you mentioned the co-morbidities can we say if there's a profile of the average coronavirus death from what we know about the death count so far well the main thing that drives that to find 19 deaths is a the vast majority of people who die from cotinine tame about the age of 70 and sex ratio countries where we can count it reliably suggests that about for
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every female who dies there's about 3 miles so we got a fairly clear idea of the age and 6 composition of mortality are we slowing down the death rate since we've been going at this for about 10 months now have we learned enough to slow it down. the answer is no we have not slowed it down i don't know whether we've learnt enough to do that but we certainly haven't applied it death rates are rising we're seeing 2nd waves in several countries in europe we've seen those in my country and australia deaths are rising they're rising steadily and they're going to rise a lot further. when should we expect the next milestone say 2w3w do you have a prediction. so difficult to predict but my prediction is that by the end of this year by december 31st with probably see at least 2000000 possibly as high as 2 and a half 1000019 deaths worldwide and professor are deaths the best way to understand the impact of this disease and the pandemic i don't think so i think the actual
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numbers of this is frightening as they are and as troubling as they're going to be don't tell the full story covered 19 kills people primarily at older ages and in terms of preventative priorities that public health need to be concerned about we talk about the number of years of life lost on average from dish in terms of coke at 19 most of those who died at all the ranges and so they tend to lose much less years of life than for example a comparable number of deaths road traffic accidents for example kills 1200000 people every year vast majority of those are a lot younger than the code it gets and so you could argue that road traffic accidents or to be getting at least as much public health attention for prevention as code 19 all right professor and epidemiologist from the university of melbourne thank you very much thank you. well our science correspondent eric
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williams has been busy looking into your questions about the pandemic over now to derek. many of the social controls put in place are passed on asymptomatic transmission what evidence is there for such a phenomenon. do people who are asymptomatic transmit source code to to others and if so then how infectious are they this has been one of those issues that's proven there a difficult to come to grips with in the course of this pandemic for for a couple of reasons 1st of all because we only really recently began to detect a symptomatic people on a wide scale 2nd because today's asymptomatic patient can turn out to be only present or not and start showing symptoms tomorrow and we're pretty sure that present the magic carriers can be highly infectious 3rd because the viral load and
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asymptomatic patient carries is usually very similar to that of someone showing symptoms so so what evidence is there that people who test positive for cope at 19 but don't ever develop symptoms how likely is it that they can infect others. a pre-print paper set for publication soon shows how tricky it can be to prove but but the researchers think they did it on a flight from italy to south korea carrying nearly 300 passengers who at the time displayed no 19 symptoms before boarding all of them were given and 95 masks and most wore them throughout the flight except at meal times and when they went to the bathroom when the passengers arrived in seoul they were quarantined straight away for 2 weeks and all of them were tested on the 1st day and the last day of that quarantine 6 people tested positive for covert 19 that 1st day of quarantine but
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they never developed symptoms they were confirmed asymptomatic carriers but one woman who tested negative on the 1st day of quarantine developed symptoms on day 8 of it she had sat a few rows away from an asymptomatic patient and used the same bathroom as them because of the timing and what we know about the viruses incubate period the researchers concluded that she was very likely infected by one of the asymptomatic passengers on board the plane. sounds kind of like a sherlock holmes mystery doesn't it it just goes to show you though how difficult it is to acquire and interpret this kind of evidence many studies have tried but so far none of them has been clear cut enough really for big health authorities like the w.h.o. or the c.d.c. a to take a stand on the issue. our science expert
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eric williams there and that is it for this edition of 1000 special you can find more coverage of the pandemic on our website dot com to check us out on facebook and twitter as well i'm stephen bears and as always thanks for watching.
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the number of corona infections is wrong. large groups of people her list keeping the necessary distance often seems impossible. researchers say it can be done. by the flow of death strands. this help reduce the spread of the virus to borrow today. 30 minutes on the.
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passive drama competition 5 marketing numbers on a scared 5 that's how intuition lost money. fans friends 5 stand up 75. because women love football. and the clock kick off on you tube joining us. beethoven is for me. it's for. beethoven it's for. beethoven it is for her. and beethoven is for. beethoven is for everyone.
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beethoven 2020. 150th anniversary here on d w. every 2 seconds the person is forced to flee their home. the consequences been disastrous our documentary series displaced depicts dramatic humanitarian crises from around the world to. fuck a family don't think i meant i didn't go to university to kill people i think the fact that a i mean a pain. for their crops and their future so they seek refuge abroad but. stay behind and see. my husband went to peru because of the crisis. if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger one of them. just starts october 16th.
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this is news live from. greece to russia full of the poisoning of opposition leader . proposed by germany and france who said the poisoning could not have happened without the involvement of russia and. the program. the coronavirus pandemic tightens its grip on your foes the consulate sees a search of new infections in the spot.


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