tv Arts and Culture Deutsche Welle November 14, 2020 8:15am-8:31am CET
as an oil lamps and keeping them burning for at least 45 minutes. thousands of volunteers lit the lamps in the city. that's holy to hindus, where they believe that god ram was born. you're up to date now on t.w. . nice american, evan steen for me and the entire team here in berlin. thanks for the company. why are people forced to hide in trucks? since there are many cancers and there are many stories
make up your job made for mines. germany is an image as a nation of poets and thinkers, is largely due to the huge influence of enlightenment figures like gupta. and sarah bought how it's perceived today as a modern powerhouse of culture is at least in part, facts to the work of close to tell a month more in a moment. and also coming up looking beyond hollywood, the coronavirus has impacted hundreds of thousands of livelihoods in the once booming film industries in india. and nigeria
welcome to arts and culture. for more than 30 years, close detail, a man has been a driving force of german culture. 1st as the director of the german national library then as president of the pression cultural heritage foundation since 2018 has been president of the earth institute, that's germany's cultural calling card that offer rights operates worldwide in nearly 100 countries on nov. 13th, officially retired. but you has a fishing stand off with a new documentary about his career. limon is a leading figure of germany's cultural scene, a man of books. he headed the national library in frankfurt, and oversaw the fusion with its east german counterpart in leipsic, in 1990, assuring equal footing. he went on to lead the group institute from 2008 until november 2020. and one of his last missions was in the media before the pandemic.
he was invited to speak at a conference on the restitution of artifacts looted during colonial times. sure is not a peace making per se, but it functions in that spirit when it encourages real exchange and i am of the opinion that we are in germany can only be a cosmopolitan society if we were flecked more than just ourselves in 1909 lehman with the backing of then chancellor gerhard schroeder unveiled his master plan for the renovation of berlin's museum island. perhaps his greatest career achievement needed size. every age has its people thought that means that now someone has to come along who has new ideas and sets new impulses. so that it always has a fresh and contemporary shape. so i can let go very easily with some projects such as the humble forum also came with their share of controversy,
but close to dudley man will now regard them from a distance. and i'm joined by my colleague who coauthored the documentary closed on the last cultural diplomat is maybe not the last because we still have you watching. welcome to this hour that was together with you made that fell into such an interesting man. and someone who's always had a real sense for how to capitalize on a romance in history, to the benefit of culture as a unifier in germany as well. that wasn't an easy job, was that? yeah, that's a side many people don't know, ignore about him. that's in the ninety's after german you're it was a difficult time. you have to recall that a lot of people in the former socialist, germany, german democratic republic, they were embittered and feared to be overrun by companies to lose their job by institutions. and to be super flus and he came in
to reunite the 2 libraries. there were 2 libraries cold war phenomenon. national library of the socialist, german national library in the west. and his task was to bring them together in leipzig and in frankfort to one united institution. and he did it with an incredible credible sensitivity and empathy. and he gave people the feeling to get them on board and to listen to them. i think that's his style. it doesn't talk to people and then decide he listens to people before deciding one of his greatest achievements, of course, is that he was one of the architects of post unification. berlin. yeah, that was the next job. and actually the terrible tariff it just did in leipsic, owned him a lot of reputation in the political sphere. so politicians start, that's the person we want to really bring forward museum island,
the whole museum scene in berlin, which at the time around 2000 was a bit not rundown, but in disarray and underfunded. and he came in, he put up a master plan which he forcefully implemented he renovated, restored, reconstructed museum island, not on his own, with a lot of staff, with a lot of collaborators, of course. and with the backing of politics, you have to say he got the funding and that's one of his abilities and skills. he can convince people also politicians to get the money for cultural projects. and incredible achievement. now would you also call him a visionary because, for instance, he foresaw just how issues of restitution, for instance, and post colonial conciliation would be for africa long before the debate that we're actually seeing today. not a visionary in the common sense of the word, but he's a person with a big sensitivity, what's up at the moment, but this isn't grass wants to go down. and then when he took over good institute in
the mid ninety's around 2008, i think he grasped the moment that there was a lot of interest in africa and the german foreign policy. there was a lot of money as well for projects cultural projects. so what he did his 1st trip as a president of duty, insitute was travelling to africa looking at the local situation and learning and understanding that africa would be one of the future topics of going to institute of well, of the world. and he was very right about that. now i just want to ask you, because you met with close to tell him and many times over the course of this last his final, very difficult year, a difficult year, obviously, because corona brought everything to a standstill. how was that experience with him? what was it like to get close to him? well, we thought the last year would be a celebration, you know, with events with speeches, with parties, with trips. actually we were lucky enough to do that. last trip to bangkok,
there was a celebration in bangkok to see to it, and i think we were the last film crew international film for who under normal circumstances did filming there. because corona came, changed everything. we didn't see him after bangkok he flew out from bangkok with one of the last regular flights. so did we, and we didn't see him for a while. we met him again in a museum island because he worked home office. everyone else here. and i think he was quite moved by the film we saw today. he things now that he should start last career as an actor, and that is a certain tick to do that very much in itself. thank you. i know that film will be running on monday on day w. and we wish all our lengths his successor, all the best. thanks for coming in and telling us about close to and all this week we've been looking at the impact of covert 19 on the film industry in europe. and hollywood are of course only part of the picture. india's bollywood and nigeria's
nollywood each produce more films per year than the u.s. ever has. which means the pandemic has a much wider ripple effect now there on where shake from india and remember is on me. so the from nigeria are just 2 of the hundreds of thousands of people in the film business, who are now struggling to survive. on nollywood and bollywood based in lagos and mumbai are 2 of the most prolific movie industries in the world. millions of viewers across continents watch their films. but the global pandemic is taking its toll on the industry. a mini song, the saudis. film school is located in central lagos. it's no longer teeming with ambitious film students hoping to make it in the movies. numerous shoots have been put on hold or scrapped altogether. it's
a sense of my income for this year. from my pov, the projects, the t.v. series, the film in the cinema and the acting school. nollywood has become increasingly copula and successful since the end of the 1990 s. . he produces some 2000 films in series each year, mostly for the domestic market. budgets run from almost nothing to into the billions. but when nigeria imposed a strict lock down early this year, the film industry came to a standstill. directors are now allowed to shoot films again, but under strict conditions. here they're rehearsing for series about a family with real life members of the family. these days more and more productions are going straight to streaming without being released in a cinema at all. companies that are just faster now, much better position, such as north flex, a streaming platform in from a 1000000,
muslims need some $7000.00 come a mother's away in mumbai is the center of india's hindi language film industry. known as bollywood. it's become famous for its extravagant music and dance scenes and superstars such as shah rukh khan. but the corona virus has hit the indian dream factory hard. behind the glitz and glamour. the industry also provides thousands of low paid workers with a livelihood. his wife and their 2 children all live in a small one room apartment. he's worked as a backing dancer on film sets for 35 years. he's even appeared in a shah rukh khan movie but now he has no income whatsoever. before the covert
lockdown, i used to get good work. i would get one or 2 songs per month. i managed to earn about $18000.00 rupees per month when i used to take care of my family expenses. but for the past 6 months or so, there's been nothing in the sum. film studios have now reopened, but they're working under strict regulations as the authorities attempt to curb the spread of the virus. no big wedding or battle scenes are allowed for example, but at least cinemas, which were shut for months, were allowed to reopen in mid october, even and then the shoots, but just starting now. the actors especially are requesting for minimal crews. so our crew sizes, which of course means those people who would believe it will end up being the biggest loser. as 19 continues to rage,
has decided to look for another job. i do have hope of finding work again. the world runs on hope after all. the wood films almost always have a happy ending. hopefully there will be one for him too. well, happy endings are really his thing, but be unstoppable than a house. arg knows how to beguile us with images. that literally open up new worlds . his latest film, fireball visitors from darker worlds, sees him, teamed up with cambridge professor clive oppenheimer to undertake a globetrotting exploration of meteors that fell to earth, both ancient and recent. well, it's a fascinating 2 or that looks at the connections between science history and with ology, and that's now streaming on t.v. as of november 13th. so we'll leave you with some images from that film. and until we meet again, stay safe and all the best for us here in berlin. throughout
history, teacher rights have captivated through an image of plenty of places. those from darker girls has its own story. the bigger word and sustainable travel. how does it work? and what can you discover when you're away from the popular sites? lucas stated it sets out to explore influenced by bicycle as well and innovative green and his motive. because there they have a university that's completely focused on the topic of sustainability, chickie and next on disability.
i'm not laughing at the germans because sometimes i am, but i stand up and with the time and we've got to have, i think, deep into the german culture of new dancing. we take that as gram a day on the east coast, if sold out head enough time. rachel, join me to meet the japanese on the gulf coast. and this is the future of urban transit travelling by bike here in berlin. more and more people have recently switched to 2 wheelers this route is to become part.