tv Expedition in die Heimat Deutsche Welle November 16, 2020 2:15am-3:01am CET
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and i'm a citizen of the world that certainly because of my own biography. well, i fled from breslau during the bombardment cleaning. i grew up in a small town and libraries were how i got to know the world did north africa as a schoolboy. i was 17 or 18 and we drove folks are going to ban through all the north african countries. i was always drawn to foreign countries because i had this curiosity about how other people live, i think and work. and it was always worth it. yes, i'm a citizen of the world, and this is the story of the found the story of the final year in the korea of a man. he has shaped the geminid cultural landscape of the last decades as with his incredible ability to grasp the right man. let's,
he's been head of the german national library, the driving force behind the lens famous museum island, and president of germany's cultural powerhouse the go to institute. that his last 12 months don't go as planned. a final official trip to the african continent. after a long flight, the president of the good to institute, touched down in namibia a former german colony. that history is everywhere in the capital of into the colossal independence museum
tells the story of the long struggle for liberation from colonialism. and the most recent chapter of that story is all about restitution bringing namibia's cultural artifacts back to the country. hendrik is a case in point. the tribal leader is in the may be a national hero, thanks to his role in the resistance against german colonial rule. at the end of the 19th century. that boy symbolic bible and whip, were taken by the germans after his death. their return was an important 1st step. it isn't just the removal of objects. it's basically the breaking of people of personalities of their self-determination and self-confidence in this was coming along. some cannot be glossed over. and this is simply a beginning. there's a lot more to be done yet still inside, so now's the time to get to know each other. she just told to africans in africa
about these experiences, you have to exchange ideas so that these stories can be told of children of limon was also in the maybe a to visit the local good to institute in the center of into it's one of 157, across the world, germany's national cultural institution is active in nearly 100 countries. with more than 3 and a half 1000 employees. its mission is to promote the german language and strengthen cultural collaboration. the team here had spent weeks preparing a major conference, the topic. what should a post colonial museum look like? but the conference venue was in ca, to tura a former apartheid era township on the outskirts of into the conference was part of a long term project that brings together museum experts and creative minds from across africa. and believe
me, we believe in the unity even in the 12 years he's been president of the go to institute, a man has developed good relationships with partners in africa. so there was a sense that things were coming full circle for him. his very 1st official trip was to another former german colony. flash back to 2008, layman, fresh in the job, travelled to tanzania with good news. the years of austerity were over. after a decade of being closed, the go to institute in dar es salaam would be reopened to the up back to the other side of african counterparts hope that his special interest in the continent could live on even after he left. of course, every person who lives there is a potential drop, but hopefully that the person who comes is someone who also, i said,
understanding of africa because africa has got a complex. and it's also what good a deep scars. so i hope that will protect over someone who is sensitive someone who is called cynthia's, and someone who also has the pressures and the passion for the continent. and the colonial past has ever present in the discussions. but the conference also revealed a bright new generation coming up in the art and museum worlds. philémon and fresh concept site digitalisation made this conference stand out in the society in which we find ourselves in today does not agree with the principles of former museum. so if you can't communicate to an audience, you don't understand, you know, you need be said, the median age of africa is 19. so it's really critical that we start asking this question that who are we speaking to? how are we speaking to them?
what platforms are they using now it was farewell to africa. the continent that changed how close detail a man saw the world. how they will have always found it terrible that africa is only associated with negative stories. i've experienced so many positive things and i think we simply have to get them across to the good news needs to be given a chance, as well as all that would soon come back in germany. a few weeks later, the go to institute head appeared at the frankfurt books and the world's biggest media trade center, where the book and media industry come together to network. negotiate celebrate,
and debate was the perfect stage for a layman to talk about his experiences in the, into the fray. i was expecting 300000 visitors to franklin software stands for freedom of expression and diversity of opinion. so it's locked down on my calendar that i build everything around their dates. for me, it's both a duty and a pleasure. the bookseller also meant returning to the roots of a man's career confidentially ago, he studied physics and mathematics in this part of western germany. before making the decision to devote himself to library science, it was in 1968 in frankfurt was a booming metropolis. consumption and growth were being celebrated in the new shopping streets, as well as at the stock exchange. but
germany was awoken from this daydream of prosperity by voices of protest from the streets. students were rebelling against an outdated system and capitalism. the protesters sought intellectual support from the neo marxist thinkers of the so-called frankfurt school. they, however, rejected violent social revolution. was no revolutionary iser, and the street was not his arena, but he did want to bring about change. his chance came in the form of the frankfurt city and university library. when i was $33.00, i had the privilege of becoming director of the library there. i tried to reunite the whole frankfurt school, the city's a critical theory. and so i brought together the literary estates and archives of laos and door know to make the library in frankfurt, a center of 15 years later in 1988
and was appointed director of the national library in frankfurt, or more precisely the west german half of it, the other half was in life to germany's 2 national libraries. the cold war even divided the world of good books. when i became general director of the national library in frankfurt in $88.00, i made my 1st trip to live. i didn't think it was right for us to be separate entities, but given that we were founded on common goals, we talked about that in leipsic. this group you visited at the end of the 1980 s. was in pretty rough shape for decades after the division of gemini, this once flourishing city of literature was in steep decline. as was the entire communist state, the regime was crumbling. he
went there to visit the so-called memory of the nation, the german library and like this was founded in 1912 to collect all german language publications under one roof in 1949, it became the central library of the work state. meanwhile, a western counterpart was set up in frankfurt with the same goals. then in the autumn of 1909, everything changed 1st in light. then in berlin and across the whole of east germany, hundreds of thousands took to the streets in a peaceful revolution flanked by writers like stephan haim. what a transformation. it's as if someone has opened the windows after all these years of stagnation. was the people liberated themselves from communist rule and east germany fell apart.
lehmann's informal talks with librarians in light say, suddenly became a political mission to really, you know, fi the institution. what would become of the german library in life has been a library in there since 1974 and was part of negotiations after the wall came down . he was among those who feared that east germany would end up on the losing side of reunification. with the rules we sat here in this room because he and his partner sat here at the front and i was sitting on one of the chairs at the back somewhere. i can remember it quite clearly. initially there was a brief silence. he must have been asking himself how we in life would react to these invaders. but it wasn't an invasion. he was pretty clear about that. he said we were working on a common plan, but one of the 1st sentences i can still remember was, the greater germany that's coming into being here could certainly use a national library with 2 locations. instead of offering 1st,
it was not. and frank lehmann solution safeguarded the internal unity of the national library. in march 990, we were united and we bonded in some funny ways. for example, we met halfway between live frankfurt and the city of like it. and we formed a joint soccer team. we put on a review show. in other words, we got to see the real people behind their organizational roles. that's how we built up a report. in august, 1982, german states signed the unification treaty and then when this crown prince's palace and the status of the new national library was made official, including its cation, that's when the real work began, that i don't want to get picked and he always looked to the future and told us all along with him. and he had to tackle some difficult problems. for example, marshalling the stasi investigation and the staff cuts. but that wasn't necessarily
easy. did it with the kind of rigor you need in a leader for something like that. but he was also sympathetic. so i don't think anyone really felt hurt because that was quite an achievement traits if you like. cigs direct to since 912 loads of the a more civilized in oil paint on the wall opposite close detail. a man in black and white, the portrait was made by his friend superstar photographer, helmut newton. you know her name up to the beginning of a new era, but was also open to interpretation as it is in my yet so 1st of all. it's a very down to earth, spirit of the 2nd, the images suggest that he is striving upwards, something like a tree of man figure. how he's a seed also plays an important role for him. bats clear. and you can also see that
he has a sense of how an image functions and how to come across well in a new ecological age. exposed concrete, steel and glass below that 3 floors, an underground deposit tree. 30000 square meters of books, frankfurt's a long planned new german national library building was completed in 1997 degrees. the chancellor himself attended the inauguration and was an avid, but nothing firm after the ceremony, he wanted to see the books. so we went into the underground stacks and we barely made it out again because cole was so fascinated walking along the shelves. they
were like a chronicle of history, because everything was chronologically arranged. his design was that he kept pulling out different books. i said mr. chancellor, we should really get back to our guests. didn't interest him. i think we were in the stacks for 3 hours. that was call. he always had a lot of time for books. and for the library, there was a most rigid particular one year and the last election later, cole was no longer chancellor. he tanned it power to get exclude the seats of government and parliament moved from bone to belin and took on a new position as president of the pression cultural heritage foundation. on the threshold of the new millennium, it was germany's most important cultural role. it brought with it the chance to
reshape the face of the nation's capital with the help of a little political good. well, you know, church of your heart was a strong supporter of museum island. we didn't have to call on his support. but knowing that someone saw this cultural long sambal as the intellectual center of germany was very important to us all see it. in 2000 days at the age of 68, lehmann made another big korea may becoming president of the institute chancellor angela merkel paid him a personal visit when he took office. it was a 1st and also a sign of the growing global significance of cultural diplomacy. when it was important for us that the chancellor made such a clear signal. so soon after i had begun my time as you are to institute director in munich. so those were my 3 encounters and they were all positive. and i'm quite an independent spirit, and independence has always been important to me. i don't belong to
a political party, so i can always speak personally based on facts. and that probably wasn't a bad thing either with a lot on each list. support not only in the government but also in parliament says no but no matter who was then president of the bundestag. i'm one of the most experienced members of parliament because lehmann skillful balancing act between culture and politics in mind was on the way i see it. he was always there, especially when it came to german cultural policy. and he doesn't compete with artists, which is something best not done in a role like that. neither does he display the at times borderline affectations of a successful manager. but rather he connects the 2 creating both internal and external consensus in the open. that's important for the image and effectiveness of institutions like this. because in 29000 renowned
german violinist, honestly much scope 20 of the world's biggest up prices. the premium imperioli awarded by the japan are to say ca sion. leaman has been an international advisor to the prize for years. responsible for recommending candidates. violinist was his choice. it was a tightrope walk between distance and proximity. but that is more important to laymen than austin, taisha friendship in culture as well as in politics. the meiji came then a traditional site for formal celebrations at amongst the parks and palaces near the legendary meiji shrine. in the heart of tokyo hosted the awards ceremony.
though it's not like i'm one unit, i guess must live man was quite at home in the highly formal setting. prince and princess itachi were present on behalf of japan's imperial din. a state excellence is distinguished guests with an equivalent value of 125000 euros. it's the richest our prize in the world and testament to japan's commitment to the arts. him and it was really a calm presence in the middle of everything running things and giving everyone the feeling that they were at the center of proceedings. in fact, it was he who was probably at the heart of it all holding the reins winter in germany and the everyday routine as they get institute at the cultural
institutions headquarters near the center of munich. it's time for the so-called presidential breakfast. it's a way for a layman to ensure that internal exchanges can happen and free from a strict top down hierarchy that something that 50 years of readership experience has taught him. i'm not the type to float above everyone giving orders. when the president of presidential breakfast is a good example and there's a, it's once a month and everyone can come by. they don't have to because there's a theme which can also be decided by those attending. when do you talk together about issues of language and culture or whatever do we part with the dealing of togetherness? but it also means that i get
a sense of what ideas there are in the organization was and which of them we can make use of this in 500 to institute employees work in the building, an example of german post-war modernism. the architecture reflects the south image of the institution which was founded in 1951. practicality, clear lines transparent. say it's all more than just a facade. i really value leymah. i appreciate his unequivocal belief in liberalism and the importance of civil society. his conviction that we as the go to institute play an important mediating role and his courage to be quite public about his convictions differently starts with the secretary general is the
manager from munich. he runs the different to institute locations in projects around the world together with commercial director only klaus detail, a man has his own office that the president has to go to institute is an honorary position with a focus on democracy. a man believes that, that more important than that we're seeing an over simplification of more brutality and our disagreements. and that worries me because we can only credibly represent our own institut around the world. in germany itself is in a position to correct these things. and to great a politics that's free and committed to human rights for us, racism is a dangerous threat that impacts our own credibility. that's why we also want to have a stronger presence within germany. in terms of cultural education, in the mahanta,
cunto is the new landmark on bangkok skyline. you can get a great view of the city from the top man turned 80 at the end of february 2020. a few days later he was climbing up to thailand's highest viewing platform. the booming southeast asian metropolis with 300 meters below him. limerence trip to the jail free. our river had been in the works for a long time. but the coronavirus threatened his plans. infection rates in thailand who are still low at the beginning of march, but fears of a pandemic. well to real. thailand's go to institute was intending to celebrate its 60th anniversary with a large programme of events. when a man decided to go ahead with the visit,
the director of the institute in bangkok greased a huge sigh of relief. that the president is good. it's just that it was both overwhelming and inspiring that the president of the girty institute, a layman and his wife, lisa, came to bangkok to celebrate with us in these really difficult times of the coronavirus. when you're 80 years old and still say your so important to me that i'm going to come even though many people won't be travelling right now. so the message by them, but it sends an incredible message, the stuff i could tell how much it meant to our people. and what an incredible motivation it was for us to keep going and could almost be a piece of europe in central bangkok. the city's transportation hub for over a century. it was modeled on frankfurt's train station
as you know if that and this is a really emotional discovery. i basically began my career in frankfurt and i come here to bangkok and what do i see? it's a little smaller, but it has the architecture and the atmosphere of frankfurt central station. so this is a strange feeling. just like at the beginning here i am in my final year working for the go to institute. and here is frankfurt train station again. this time in bangkok, it's very emotional. but the historic waiting room was turned into a pop up concert hall. the institute had invited young musicians from bangkok and cologne to perform pieces by you had sebastian bach and john cage, amongst other composers. it was an unusual experience for the commute, his limb and
soaked up the atmosphere, making a journey like this under such troubling conditions wasn't merely a gut decision. it was the results of sober consideration. his good guy as president of the go to institute. there are some advance that one has to be aware of. the 60th anniversary of the bangkok going to institute is one of them. it's now one of the largest go to institutes in the world. and understandably expectations are placed on me on site. so i wanted to be there in person. it also answers those, asking how i am dealing with the situation. i only let myself be affected when there are clear facts. suppositional alone isn't enough for me. at the evening event partnership between the data institute and the useless sample
from the princess galliani academy of music was made official because beethoven's 250th anniversary was coming up bangkok's classical music lovers, and their jamming guests got to hear the composer's 7th symphony. thank you . the 1st of a tease shows how important the dirty institute has become to cultural life in the time capital. the organization is keen to make its presence in asia felt, especially at such
a critical time. the audience didn't suspects that this could be one of the last parties and bangkok for a long while. when lehmann travels his wife usually goes with him on officially and at the couple's own expense. she's his most important confidante, whether at home or abroad. so if you tell him this good morning, i spend a lot of time with my husband. we get going at 7 in the morning. we have evenings
together every evening to spend an hour having dinner. we talk about everything, but he listens to me and of course i hear about the fascinating things he's doing and everything going on in the background. the information goes both ways. it's absolutely. absolutely. thank you. thank you. thank you lisa in the background and yet she's still very present. the tumescent university. she was the 1st woman to study geo physics in minds half a century ago. thank you, steve. so we have a consistent dynamic that i'm very satisfied and happy with. she's my wife, which is wonderful. we have our golden wedding anniversary and everything else behind us. and this stability is really important to me to get otherwise i couldn't
do all the things i do go to of us or like a small company and climbs on the name less than 3 weeks later as cose, it 19 infections started to saw thailand declared a national state of emergency bangkok went into lockdown and the go to institute, there was close to the public. the same happened with the $157.00 other institutes around the world. the coronavirus brought the whole gerta institute to a standstill, but also meant that the organizations most important income source language courses, began to dry up almost 40 percent of its 440000000 euro budget was in
jeopardy. in germany, the president and board of directors had to fight for the good institute's very future. right now we're facing an existential threat because of finances. we're in constant talks with lawmakers and ministers and with the foreign ministry. and that's helping a lot. one positive thing in this prize, this is that i am still here, that i'm still available this year because i have a lot of connections and a lot of experience that i can put to use now. it would have been awful to have to watch all this unfold. as a spectator, the government didn't want gemini's most important projection of soft power to go bankrupt and reacted quickly. allocating the good to institute up to 70000000 euros in emergency aid to a sign of how much politicians valued the institute's global cultural network and
its outgoing president was and that it was the miners. it's symbolic that the end of the lehmann era coincides with germany's presidency of the council of the european union. and that's an article clearly has shaped international cultural relations in europe. either by building them up or by developing what had already existed, zine outside of that will be the legacy of his era. and we're extremely grateful for that. it's become an integral part of our european policy. another legacy will be his tireless commitment and firmness, even in the face of difficulties that hasn't only helped international cultural relations. it's also helped to institute sites around the world are adapting to the new normal. what's new younger possible in person happens online language courses. cultural events and an entire summit on colonialism that it's on in operation with reboot f.m.
and radio network for him. and he in berlin, spring and summer came and went last few months in office one necessarily restricted, apparent citizen trips, but cancels replaced by video conference. in late summer 2020, lehmann returned to butlins museum island to he played such a decisive role in shaping around the turn of the millennium. it brought old a new berlin together as the capital became a truly global city. since 2019 visitors have entered the hugely important museum complex through a new portal. the james cmon gallery, a modern, this building, designed by renowned architect david chipperfield. when lehmann was president of the pression cultural heritage foundation. it was a highly controversial project. today it's a widely celebrated,
his james james cmon gallery, binds the buildings together, so to speak. and it's clearly accepted by berlin or oxford. it's a welcoming place. this is one that you enjoy going to one that creates a connection. it's wonderful. it's a funny thing is that berliners thought of this area as a kind of temple that should never be changed. that was nonsense because shingle had already had a 6 building where we just did what was already there in the 19th century. but using our own modern materials, modern but referencing the old buildings through to the modern columns are an echo of 19th century designs by oppression, architects, and friedrich next door in the noir am new museum. the old and new blend together without compromising the structures
recognizable form. the modern whole and staircase are a reminder of the task that confronted lehmann at the end of the 1990 s. . the grand ensemble of 5 museums was a unesco world heritage site. but it was also in dire need of renovation. modernization reorganization, and renewal for years museum island was a major construction site with laman playing the role of cultural supervisor, annoyances to 99. we adopted the master plan for museum model and which was approved by all museum directors and is still in effect today. that means this has my handwriting on it. i think what i do is to get everyone in the same boat. so we could complete the work on the noise museum, the bota museum and the arts are not soon all gallery on time and within budget.
when the noise museum was that the center of the renovation project partially destroyed during the 2nd world war, it was painstakingly reconstructed by an architect, david chipperfield showpieces. the so-called nubian room decorated with made teeth romantic architects to the pressing king in the mid 19th century. when lehmann was trying to get someone to support his plans, he used to bring them here.
this is a window. it's a beautiful room. the proportions are good. you have the presence of ancient greece for the terra cotta. the great thinkers think, but it's also a mysterious for a magical place. and i shamelessly use that magic to make the positive transformation of museum island happen, including when it came to funding. but still it basically helped us there. then head of public museums was always a layman sides for a decade, the to work together to implement them hasta plan. he was a brilliant strategist. he never stopped giving politicians tours of museum. he's a great motivator. he's what you call a cultural diplomat. and he was a genius when it came to committees, would walk into a meeting, and by the end,
everyone agreed with him. he did a wonderful job on his, he was sophisticated and officially, or in layman's time, at the head of germany's largest cultural institution. the pression cultural heritage foundation was a resoundingly success. the foundation is responsible for managing millions of objects unique collections, archives research institutes. underlined brings its most famous artifact is the 3000 year old bust of the ancient egyptian queen. even now more than a decade after he worked on museum island, lehmann is still drawn to it. he calls it his concubine.
you come here from the newbie and for all of the beauty of that big space. when you, come into a room that belongs only to now for t.-t., with that beautiful green color reminiscent of the nile. and which is reflected in the headdress. on this island of world cultures, perhaps the site of his most significant professional accomplishments, klaus detail a man is in his own world. now the curtain is coming down on a career that chapter by chapter is closely linked to the history of post-war, germany. it wasn't just that he sensed what was the right thing at the right time to time itself, the right person for the moment that will eat up, speak for decades and was the right person, a man who crossed borders and was at home in the world of culture, be it in germany or elsewhere. have now taken up his banner. for example,
with the home boat forum and international cultural center and museum housed in the reconstructed palace. is this cultural diplomat the last of his kind? i wouldn't see myself as a dinosaur that's dying out. i hope this type of person doesn't die out. we'll always need people who want to connect. i think there'll be more and more of this type of person who can motivate others and less a sense of team spirit. i don't think i'll be the last of my kind. why the opposite? reason call and if i can be an example, then let it be that we can achieve a lot by interacting with others. play
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