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tv   Eco India  Deutsche Welle  December 2, 2020 9:30am-10:01am CET

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thank. you thank you the result. was. make. us thank you. it. is. a green canopy although i had one child by means of the shining light and image familiar to anyone who has looked up at the sky to the names of all the hanging tree branches it delivers
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a feeling of relaxation but also many other when if it's. carbon dioxide slowing climate change. and yet. many places things are disappearing at an exponential treat this week we'll look closer at the people and projects trying to protect our welcome to equal india and some of that i call. our 1st stop today is at a nature reserve dr e. in the himalayas a privately owned job a kick nature reserve was neglected and full of weeds just a few years ago now it's been restored and not just in line with the endemic ecosystem and these conservation efforts are even creating jobs for locals who are forced to look for them elsewhere is this a feasible model to look after the trees let's find out.
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untouched forest is becoming an increasingly rare sight. in such a forest why his life is allowed to roam free. because of green cover left undisturbed by human activity. over the past few decades the strain on forests has reached disastrous proportions the changes upset delicate ecosystems and diminish wildlife habitats at the same time the poorest part of the population dependent on forests bad most of the brunt of the changes. a lifelong resident of the java kids village near the mystic of a town of land or even that i can province 40 year old levy has always relied on the surrounding forest for had daily needs it provides fire wood for cooking and
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grass for cattle over the years however uncontrolled tree felling by nearby villages has resulted in a drastic depletion of green cars. in addition a majority of the forests belong to private landowners most of whom have become more and more protective of their land as it is out what used to be a food back yard for locals like it is today out of bounds. in what seemed like a practical decision 5 years ago i decided to take up a job at the job markets nature is a few kilometers from home that if i ever used to think it would be good to have a lot of cows and let them graze in these forests but we later realised that they would be chased away from everywhere and the poor animals would roam the streets and what add to their troubles we didn't want that we love our animals we feel extremely disheartened when. they're hurt now we're happy because money comes from
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my salary as well as from the milk from my cow. it's a predicament that is not really new for communities that depend on forests for their livelihood as do some 2 thirds of the population of a darkened conservationist doc to sit in a voter is no stranger to the problem a co-founder of the job or to keep nature reserve she has been working closely with the local authorities in the area. to really get everything everything that could happen before this was happening at these are being lost police are being failed those illegal logging going on there was hunting going on there were ports is borders y.o.o.'s now as we demoed almost on this natives you know as as a source. you know support system i think forests should be utilized there's nothing that says that you have to completely close a forest and everglades it but i think how utilize it how you manage it and setting that there's no long term damage to the forest that if and then used to provide the sources that was and so we have also not actually closed the forest there's no fence around the forest it's really a contract that we
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a social contract that we have of the communities to say you can continue to use it in a sensible manner but at the end of the day a good thing for us with wildlife is what is going to bring you the economic benefits from. the job acute nature reserves among the countries if you privately own forest projects. the reserves earnings come from guided nature walks conducted by trained local residents as well as a membership program for schools companies and interested individuals a maximum of 30 visitors are allowed in per day most arrive from missouri a hilltop tourist hot spot of the region all our employees are from the local area there's not a single employee who's from outside so the 1st thing was generating local jobs and supporting the economy so we're not competing with anybody so what has happened is that actually the local villages and the local settlement has benefited from getting the home stays the restaurants the power was the taxi drivers the. also
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there is the spread of economic benefit on the area. the restoration of the forest has brought back animals not seen for close to 50 years from the himalayan bear and leopards to go wild boar and barking deer the result has been attracting large groups of breeding populations acting as a sort of for many calls on for the wildlife of the me to mali as some of these images were taken by villa in their scene who hails from the neighboring village of quality. view who joined the reserves right out of school when he was 17 and age when almost every young man is expected to find a job in the surrounding tourist towns. like. this. and. today he is the chief guide in residence at the reserve he learned on the job and took additional courses on conservation and the
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environment he's also one century it shows young naturalist award. how can we begin to. gather. in the village but i come from people are not so confident around outside as they are mostly shy and don't talk to anyone and i was the same i never used to say a word to strangers but i have completely transformed after coming here. comes from whatever field so i can talk confidently and explain things well when your knowledge increases your confidence does to now be what are. the biggest gold offices of bora used to be able to hand over the management of a pet project to committed people like that and that. the i. is to enable the local
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community to assume ownership of the job market nature reserve and become the real stakeholder in this venture. trees are also important in our cities the streets in germany's capital berlin for example aligned with 400000 trees they provide shade and clean but they themselves also need citizens they have developed a project to make sure that looked after this next report is a part of our city's on building sustainable cities. military limit livable is best achieved with the help of people who live here where he's in new technology to contribute to a better understanding of traffic. i would like to see the city authorities and the general public taking care of the trees and.
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water at last berlin has experienced 3 years of below average rainfall and the trees are dying out the tree needs at least 10 of these watering cans of water a week. this group of volunteers wants to be part of the solution they've gotten together today to water their city's trees as hazardous let's. last summer the tree in our backyard because it couldn't withstand the drought so it was just gone and i thought the ones in front of the building might be next and i didn't want to see that happen the next weekend the farmhouse owned this militia. a project based at berlin's city lab set up the neighborhood watering initiative online. the platform shows how much water the different trees need. city lab is a nonprofit foundation based in the german capital where innovations are born with the aim of making the city in more sustainable. the data comes from the city
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administration with daily weather updates and information about whether or not the trees have had enough water. in here because this map contains more than $625000.00 tree points for each tree you can find out what type it is the age and its water requirements and that's what we have for now but there are other features we could include like the height the diameter of the crown the diameter of the trunk it's really exciting especially in terms of watering that. almost 2000 berliners have registered so far some of them just water trees occasionally others have taken responsibility for a single tree on their street. berlin has 2500 parks there the green lungs of the city the trees improve the climate and filter out exhaust
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emissions and more people are becoming aware of their importance there are now several environmental initiatives in berlin. this neighborhood in quotes back as some regular gardeners today they're sprucing up the flower beds and planting bulbs for next year's flowers. we are all. in this together regardless of where we come from and it's a global environment so we've planted flowers and different sorts of things to have a healthy environment to be he's and above all we just like getting all these people together to do something together they're happy to be together. the watering group has their work cut out there's been no rain for nearly 3 weeks the volunteers can easily see on the half which trees need water they're hoping the initiative will spread beyond berlin. and one comes off steady but you could use this platform for up. there are cities because it's open source but in principle any city that
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has a tree register available and that has weather data which is most of them i could implement this amp themselves and the volunteers will keep up the good work until winter helping to keep the thirsty trees of berlin alive. for residents of mumbai have also recognised the benefits of open forests currently only 13 percent of space trapped mumbai has green kabul but nonprofit organization forest creators are working to change that they're using the media locking method to plant trees in dense groups let's take a look. it is almost impossible to believe that this 4 acre land called the lungs of thought
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up or was once an industrial dumping ground. it's transformation talk just 3 years. this used to be an extremely unhygenic toxic players there was always a stench from all the garbage dump here including plastic of rubber and bags of chemicals we could not be allowed to be here we're going to smell of other. the 25 feet tall manmade forest is now home to over 30000 trees of 38 with idees and several species of birds reptiles and subsoil creatures see just 100 kilometers south of this young forest the metropolis of mumbai
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it is facing an unprecedented development its clean spaces are slowly but surely dying. today mumbai's green cover is less than 13 percent an alarming statistic. which is why a growing number of organizations are using an a for a station technique that has its roots in japan but could be a perfect fit for space trapped mumbai it's called the me of hakim at her high density plantations are created with different species of need of trees. we need top money to be significant you can increase greenery even by planting
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non-native trees in mumbai between 50 and 60 percent of trees are not needed in a conventional can't asian one acre of land we can only have 2000 trees but it's more that the mere bucky mattered we can plant between 12 to 13000 trees were bought as a pain last. summer when mumbai has become the unlikely home for the city's false me of aki forest a project by a local and by a mental group that began in january 2019. you need to be very very conscious about what kind of environment that we are going to so show you the most important part where the road warrior so 1st to understand the soil. the 2nd step is scientifically surveying the area's biodiversity and selecting suitable need to tree species to be planted.
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all the saplings and raw materials are then brought to the plantation site and other as anyone else for the next 2 years the saplings are regularly monitored and watered costing between 1.5 dollars and $3.00 poetry to me aki technique could be crucial in the quest to revive urban green spaces. and the impact can be seen in a matter of few years as demonstrated in thought up all. over 90 percent of mumbai has been paved uncounted ties in the past 4 decades turning the city into an urban heat island a large built up area that traps heat and drives up temperatures even at night. carbon dense forest created using the me of aki technique could be enormously useful in combating this despite the many benefits these young forest cannot be
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treated as substitutes for naturally growing old forest but it's certainly a start. trains also provide homes to other creatures that depend on them like fall life for example scientists disagree on how many types of. potentially millions could exist but the german biologists in our next report are focusing on just 11 that has the potential to change the way we construct buildings . at 1st glance the helmet by a technologist fast and schubert is wearing might look normal but he is hoping that it could spare had a green revolution. the entire interior of this bike helmet consists of fungus mycelium an agricultural waste there for its extremely sustainable and a very good return a tiff to the plastic interior of conventional helmets. they haven't made out of
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might sound bizarre but for vast and schubert and his 2 colleagues it makes perfect sense back at the lab in the technical university in berlin all they need to do this to take the cells of the tinder fungus and mix them into a granular culture. this is then added to hemp waste a perfect snack for the fungus within some 10 days its roots the my syria so that if i the contents of the back. it's a shock absorbing material that can compete with petroleum based materials in many ways that was our main motivation there are so many products materials that end up in the trash cans such as e.p.a.'s foam expanded polystyrene that's the material that we're replacing in this helmet. makes up 30 percent of plastic waste in
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landfills worldwide that's a lot of. first tests have shown that the helmet can even outperform conventional ones in safety terms. the team still needs to come up with a sustainable outer shell and to ensure that the product is long lasting once they've soft those problems they want to go into business almost one in 4 cyclists in germany wear a helmet. baton schmidt another by a technologist at the technical university of berlin discovered the novel he uses for fun be cheering a citizen science project that he live. he's fascinating alben isms neither animal nor plant they come in many shapes and sizes. they love rainy days like this one and they have lived on this planet for millions of years. a fungus may well be
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the biggest living organism on earth with over and over when they stick their heads out that's not even the tip of the iceberg but only a very small part you don't see the main body it penetrates the entire forest floor everything here is creating a communication network with other organisms that is constantly in operation the organisms don't always like each other there is fierce competition. generally this contest for nutrients and territory completely passes by except when it's obvious for all to see as on the street trunk that's covered with a tinder fungus. for trees this means a slow and there are also some of the tufts feeding on the organic material here. the more must celio piece 2 species meet inside the trunk it would be interesting to see how they interact with each other the competitors after all both want to
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decompose would. their ability to break down organic material is what gives them the energy to grow other materials at home schmitt and to steam discovered that the local tinder fungus works best for their big plants for the fungus compas it. after the initial growth phase it can be broken up into regrown and molds to create different forms and sizes. but also put them on the 4th i could certainly imagine that you could build whole walls from funky and the supporting frames from other components like wood if you wanted to remain recyclable i can certainly imagine that you could build a large house with it of course. although the lightweight funky bricks are not a load bearing they could replace many of the building materials once they're dried and the growth of the mycelium is halted the brakes could replace polish tyrion for example providing a much greener form of insulation. this compas it is also very
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flexible. that time schmidt and his colleagues are planning to scale up their work working together with architects and engineers to see where the material can still be optimized. it wasn't by talk license was on the earth and we want to make a contribution towards solving global problems where do we get our resources from how can we switch to a circular economy and how can we recycle used products and i think that funny material covers all those bases with which includes my parents and bush were. grown in a controlled environment funky could just be the stuff to help build the houses of the future. from germany let's head to indonesia he had a full on the preorders working with women and helping them use their traditional
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skin weaving bigger from bomb iraq trees to break away from the shackles holding them back. to see them having the voice to point out what they want and then. and knowing that they can buy whatever they want just because the money is from their own effort not from the husband. that is the highest happiness i think. doing. it's hard to figure out what kind of economy skill to be already have that we do not have to introduce this leveraging whatever and there is skill local resources as well. and we found we are reaping from the early fall here trees are
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very abundant they're the skill it's of is inherited between generations of women and the demand in the shadow and and global market is also high for weaker crap. what we do is we work with the women to give them training and increase of quality introduced designs as well functionality and pulls us that the leap and then we directly give them access towards. our business more for wholesale 85 to 90 percent of our revenue come from wholesale so we sell to get. like laptop back laptops and even they have some in our their workshop back that they handed out are from. one of the husband was not really happy when he knew the wife was leaving for
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a couple of hours a day and then he started to track down his wife saying that if i seem. we've again and you're you know you don't do your household chores oh burn all the week of leaves and then the wife took up all the and then hit the worst house and she weave in the neighbor's house and after a couple of months we started after new research was done we started to prove that there is a wire. coming in and now after a couple of years the husband is doing all the dishwasher and. sweeping and all the household course knowing that weaker weaving and i can to provide for the family as well. dreams are the lungs of the yet many cultures consider them. for all the they provide us with me and called me today to go and plant a tree you'd be secured the future generations to come
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a leave you with that portage of mind you see if the good care of yourselves and the end. of the.
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i am. she is determined to find her dream. h.i.v. positive. critical lived with drawing the lines. down each other in. the new niche market for indian chinese patients.
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15 minutes w. . what's the secret behind this classic. visit to sally. as soon as you hear beethoven you lose your my for the story behind the music was a hit for the ages of british and. latin. odd am beethoven's 9th symphony for the mortgage starts to simmer down on deep w.
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. give us your country people will make you rich. people will provide you with. the will take good care. of the. people on the west coast in 2007. says. but years later reality looks very different. litter. drinking water shortage. enjoyment. this is. not a trace of oil. ministry.
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promises starts december 4th. this is the. proof emergency use. of. the 1st countries to greenlight. historic moments in the fight
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but also on the program pro-democracy. protests and the crackdown on.


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