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tv   Auf ein Wort  Deutsche Welle  December 5, 2020 12:00pm-12:45pm CET

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this is deja vu news of live from berlin russia rolls out its sputnik vaccine against covert 19 with a mass campaign in moscow 2000000 doses are available for high risk groups but amid concerns about how fast the vaccine was approved last goodbye to be of lining up to get the injection also coming up after 6 years and 6000000000 kilometers of japanese space mission is set to deliver samples from a distant asteroid they could provide clues to the origin of the solar system and life on our planet.
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michael oku welcome moscow has launched a large scale vaccination campaign with the russian made sputnik vaccine against covert 19 the country says it's produced around 2000000 doses to date and will distribute the vaccine free of charge doctors teachers and social workers are among those 1st in line to receive the job the rollout is going ahead even though clinical trials have not yet been completed. sagacious that enough ski took the leap after seeing friends fall with covert 19 a journalist at russian service says he did a lot of research into the vaccine before signing up for trials it's just that it's a better source i decided for myself that at the very least the vaccine is safe and in the best case it will. be effective if they give me the vaccine rather than the
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placebo. before they vaccinated me they told me it was safe but they gave me a life insurance policy anyway in case of death my relatives will receive the equivalent of around 22000 euros in compensation but in the people in case i become disabled they'll get up to 17000 euros but i doubt that will happen. around $40000.00 people have already taken part in trials 1st but they could be one of the 2 russian vaccines trials for both are ongoing but the vaccines are already registered and being rolled out across russia doctors and teachers are 1st in line to receive the jab which authorities have emphasized will be free and voluntary but there have already been media reports of people being put under pressure by their employers to sign up was. the union of medical workers is being
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put under pressure to agree to getting vaccinations but we have also seen mass refusals and even resignations of course that isn't improving our health care system. not all teachers say they are on board with the vaccination scheme either. a warning we are supposed to sign saying we will carry the risk so if i got vaccinated i would be risking my health without any guarantees that the vaccine won't have a negative effect on my body and that's why i would like to have the choice whether i want to get vaccinated or not. and russia isn't just rolling out sputnik b. to its own population it has already delivered samples of the vaccine to serbia hungary and venezuela and it also has production deals with several countries including india and china experts say the goal is to show that russia has a scientific superpower to vaccination can be compared with the space race the main
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thing is to stake a claim on being 1st the 1st country who produced a vaccine and the 1st to start vaccinating people we won't find out what effect the vaccine had until a year or 2 from now or which one was the most successful this one the british one or the american one. but sergei said enough skis hoping for more than politics after getting the 1st of 2 jabs he had a fever but quickly felt fine now he's hoping the russian vaccine will keep him safe from the coronavirus along with thousands of others getting the job across the country i'm now joined by mohamed munir who's a viral infection in vaccine expert at lancaster university in the u.k. dr mean you're welcome to d.w. it might appear that russia the u.k. and the us or you know race to develop a successful vaccine what are potential pitfalls of this kind of competition. thank you very much marvin firing on the show i think we are you know enough and i may
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get in on president situation there ford is certainly a pressure on to having a vaccine because vaccine vaccine effective safe vaccine is probably the ultimate be a lot of this been damaged so this has put a lot of pressure on 2 different governments and pharmaceutical but one thing i would like to highlight here is that this is the 1st time when we have seen an accidental aberration between the government and the private sector completely bring forward for a vaccine that is safe and effective and put it be deployed to really care to have this pandemic and i think the only problem that i can see even rushing this one is to have it in hans number of vaccine has a tendency because any time we will come up with any data that isn't really satisfactory or one that is convincing the public that's going to do more harm than good so certainly other flight would be against the widest most against each other . can you explain a regular non-medical person of course how this russian vaccine works. sputnik is based on our i don't know why this vaccine actor this is based on their
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dubious technology because they have used 41 of us as well and so it's those base. those is given 20 days to the 2nd those is given by 2 different vaccine factors sold together it would have almost the same side effect as does. some johnson and you can see no the chinese vaccine only used the same to cannot deliver the antigen as you surely know dr the sputnik vaccine is being rolled out in a mass vaccination drive today even though it's still in 3 clinical trials is that unusual and what results would you expect given those circumstances. i think it's certainly very unusual i know that there is an unprecedented need and everybody want to have a vaccine effective vaccine to getting into the arms so that we can come out of this and i mean but having a deploy a vaccine at that scale of 100000 or even more than that people we don't have in
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fact up that i think that is their continuous moving forward test because that seems to be quite a bit of stastny and that's one of the reason that we took a dr long time to come up with a vaccine that we can all trust so the vaccine that is not the best you tested let's start t.v. and certainly moving forward because it's not just the russia itself that would be setting an example for other countries which it haunts the vaccine has a tendency on hold for more efforts to have a high coverage because so many major concern is not just having the vaccine concerned that that's all we can eat and hope of widely we can deploy it because until we don't immunized 75 percent of the people they are fact of the vaccine would be significantly lower which we don't really want to see that's mohamed near from lancaster university many many thanks dr. let's have a look now at some other developments in the coronavirus pandemic the world health
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organization has warned that the vaccines on the horizon should not lead to complacency it says the virus is still spreading fast and mass and other measures will be needed for the foreseeable future portugal has extended its state of emergency by 2 weeks much of the country is currently under lockdown to curb the spread of the virus and the u.s. centers for disease control is for the 1st time recommending the universal use of face masks outside the home because viral transmission is now at such a high level in the country. japan's higher blue said 2 spacecraft has successfully released a capsule carrying rare asteroid dust and rocks it's expected to land at a remote base in australia in a matter of hours japanese space agency officials cheered as a capsule detached from the spacecraft and began its to center earth it contains rock and soil fragments from a distant asteroid scientists hope the material will provide clues about the
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origins of life the capsules round journey has taken 6 years. let's bring in bonnie from d.w. science department for more on this the capsule is making its way back to earth even as we speak what more can you tell us about the samples it's carrying. i got to say 1st of all what's amazing is it's hurtling towards earth that about 30000 kilometers per year every 2 hours this is an incredible feat where the thing about asteroids the real you go asteroids you know the babes they live in the so-called asteroid belt which is between mars and jupiter so this soon as i say mars i think a lot of people start thinking about human space travel going to live on mars in that sort of thing so essentially what we're trying to do is find out what the rocks and other bodies the planets around that area the moves around that area what and made out asteroids are made of rocks and metals so we think immediately of
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resources new which is very important but also by investigating whether it's an asteroid missed sense or comments as it was with the new european mission on rosetta is we are discovering about the origins of life where this is because these are pristine bodies you know they're very untouched by any kinds of life i think human life that he has we hope to find other things like water resources particular as we look forward to watch human spaceflight and they can tell us how we made progress because it's one solar system and all these different bodies are dead progressions different ports and they're sort of cycles of life and so we can learn about everything basically where we go that's big that's big stuff that the hybrids used to mission was launched 6 years ago as you know what was the main goal of the mission and where does it go next. well i think as with all these missions it's international collaboration you know there's a german and french instrument on board it was a mascot you know to the pictures not something really speaking what is about is proving that the space community can go sue
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a comet society in the sense an asteroid a comment a world moon and actually come back pick something up and come back because in you know think about spaceflight and schuman space and light and this hasn't been done since the sixty's and seventy's you know bringing stuff back the thing that we have the southbound going to mars is if you go there you never coming back and you know that's the one thing that freaks people out and so what we're trying to do is prove that we can go there so we've got an american you know we got the chinese actually on the moon doing the same thing with the so-called sample return mission right now as we speak the americans the europeans are trying to do that with mars as well to bring some pulled back from mars in the next few years to the japanese themselves they're trying to go to folks one of miles is moves to bring some pulls back and of course the americans will say just send ahead of hope that you go to mars so we just want to find how do you provide about these objects and can use it like pick stuff up and come back to work is actually what we want to do and also we want to find out what's out there the minerals can we build bases on the moon is there enough stuff out there for us to live and perhaps use in space will bring back to
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earth so we're just trying to learn about all sorts of things and basically by the life i mean that's really the big picture for me. i get even more excited just listening you talk about it d w still the car bonnie thank you so much really appreciate it. let's take a look now at some of the other stories making headlines around the world at this hour the chief negotiator michele dunne a and his u.k. can apart say they've been unable to reach agreement on several key issues after weeks of intense talks on a trade deal british prime minister boris johnson and european commission commission president. will discuss the state of play by phone later today. a u.s. federal judge has fully restored the obama era immigration program known as the program provides work permits to some young undocumented immigrants and shields done from deportation it's the 2nd time a u.s.
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court has overruled the trumpet ministrations moves to cancel a scheme. truce congress has repealed the farming law that triggered days of roadblocks and other protests by striking workers demonstrators welcomed the voting began lifting blockades that have disrupted traffic pan-american highway some 2000 trucks and buses are in fact affected. and sports news football's world governing body has approved maternity leave for women players made the announcement at a virtual news conference on friday female players are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave upon their return clubs to integrate the players and provide adequate medical support hopes the changes will offer stability and help boost the women's game. remember the. the game moved.
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out of the game we have to make sure that we set the stage for them. to shine when it comes to female players. brain. couriers. in the german bundesliga berlin took advantage complete advantage. who saw their lead disappear due to a red card then heard to teach kids sheesh tof stole the show or neon berlin open the scoring in the 1st half but a few minutes later when you were left with only 10 men to defend robert gates was sent off for this high for a challenge level to score after the break and then polish striker could she be on tech play the hero of the super sub scored 2 goals within minutes to lead her to berlin to a 31 victory over their city rivals. and
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. that's it you're up today more world news at the top of the hour up next reporter examines the threat to. heritage after this summer's devastating explosion and more news coming up at the top of the hour michael. thanks for watching. what secrets lie behind. discover new adventures in 360 degree. and explore fascinating insights. world heritage 360. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing. measures are being taken. what
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does the latest research say. context. the coronavirus of the coded. monday to friday. the for. much of beirut lies in ruins rebuilding the city is a race against time i mean it's not just us i think everything beirut feels like their soul has been severely injured on august 4th 2020 a huge explosion at its ports rocked the city months on beirut's historic buildings remain unprotected in the rainy season they could be damaged beyond repair.
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so so palace is a beirut landmark perched on a hill overlooking the port. it's been home to marry cochran's family for 5 generations the 3 story structure which dates from the 19th century board the full brunt of the blast. so we are we're 450 meters in trying to. directly in front of the blast the silo is right in front of us and no buildings in front of us there's nothing that the blast or we did so that's why we got a direct hit and and that's why it's all banks and outs 23 centimeters. so powerless had stood 460 years surviving one and
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a half decades of civil war and 2 world wars 1st surely unscathed now its fate lies in the hands of a few volunteers and some talented craftsman. beirut's nobility and this old merchant family made their fortune in the autumn an empire over the centuries they've collected treasures from around the world which now need saving. every generation has added something and in also in the process has for story so it's been a. evolution of a collection of people that lived in the house of the time almost everything was affected and it's just. unbelievable. every day in coming to months and months he'll find something that i didn't notice and you caught that i didn't see that was there her family was also torn apart mary's mother in law
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lady evil and so cochrane a legendary figure in beirut society died from injuries she sustained in the explosion and mary 2 was badly hurt. i believe. for the loss were directly in front of the sign on 15 acres and i lost consciousness for seconds i. broke my. tendons dislocated and i punctured a couple ribs broken as well as cuts from glass. i'm just lucky i didn't have all glass in my face because i open the door to the balcony. roofs must be covered in cultural treasures secured before beirut's rainy season begins. in the rain that you can see that he's going to be easy for him right here on the right area got to i don't mind you know i mean it's not just us i think everybody
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in beirut feels like their soul has been severely injured. yes mean mecca haun is an engineer who's working fervently to save beirut's cultural heritage the banners hanging on badly damaged buildings around to the port i meant to give people hope. to raise again so. you know here's a very key to the city could make. to nudge and to to hope so to. lines within the. need to really gauge. the process. this spirit. and certainly we. saw. all the dreams. you can
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pull by. didn't bring enough things to hold on. to the extent of the devastation is almost in comprehensible. but yasmeen mcelhone isn't alone she has a crisis group which analyzes the damage collects donations and coordinates reconstruction efforts. everyone here is working pro bono voluntarily and for free . act a crisis center the group has noted the situation of every single building 8000 of them need restoring as a result of the explosion. from here or the blast. heated. area are in a very strong way we have more than $100.00 unit in very
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critical situation when the rains come the foundations of these 100 buildings could be damaged beyond repair and then trying to run to put on bringing this building. to run as fast as possible that's why we look at the forecast every day to see if we have one thing or 2 there's more and to protect as much as fast as possible. for us me mecca on these buildings and more than just ruins. you. example of one of the most collapsed building that we have. they are bringing me. a sense of flying being didn't go through a sense of leaving. and say bringing me from the busts all the memories space how the spirits of the sea and inherited to the
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newsroom which cannot say too much to stop and it's all over and it's. not enough to try. yasmeen meco on has to go to ground to examining all the buildings yet today she's accompanying architect michele dougherty to. the neighborhood which chinee high x. houses in the world of vision and together they plan to assess the damage and see what they can do about it. emergency actions in order to help the host who are into the winter they can also get only when you enter the hospital you don't look at the people that have a small injury you put them aside you say wait you go to the very very. endangered ones so well that's what we have. so let's go inside to see the share of money and they. are from gear.
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this kind of how it is it's a living home it's because it is their house of their grandmother grandfather it's called the concord. church and hate edges this even the most important thing to keep you can may have no money but if you have your history or your roots you belong to some. tiny high had just renovated his home and there was. nothing at the heart of will a surviving as we underestimated the damage. it's beyond what we thought our capabilities could handle. hello we have to remove all of this honestly we are looking for the minimum amount of work that can keep a building standing and covered through the rain. so you need to take your case and
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the. easiest way i can not going to bring sleeping but it's more difficult to stay and to face. ok michel is coming for free and we support them with construction materials but they fuse is short they count each plank each beam that's holding the 1st. one to be added to the metal they have tony we can't blame anyone we're all on the ground. not a lot of them just to be clear the mission isn't to rebuild the house on the job we just prevented from collapsing and keep it standing for that we then had the tiny high accused to be a successful businessman now he's reliant on yes means help what happened in a very bad time. this. you know if you were to move. your money out the bank you.
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were writing to help. our neighbors. you know why the government should be doing its job. where it is a. for months lebanon has been mired in a deep economic and financial crisis that's because the banks loaned out more money than they actually possessed so customers can no longer withdraw large amounts from their accounts because banks like the cash they can only take out small sums in the national currency the lebanese pound. that also applies to wealthy families like the source sachs so in beirut everyone is currently in need of assistance the world bank estimates that the blast caused some $4600000000.00 in damage. you don't have the financial means to be stored its entire house it's going to take millions and tens of millions and we don't have those funds. are not these days the only ray of
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hope is the solidarity among the people here but your time and spam volunteered to help and we've really seen the worst of the worst of what we have them i've been on which is anything chant. corrupt political a tickle system and a non government and we've got great lebanese that are volunteer ing to come and save the house so we have to thank you thank you very much. a few days later so so palace is hosting one of the 1st events to take place off to the last a workshop for traumatized children they draw whatever is troubling the images of death and destruction. role of the organizer chose the palace for its heritage. ok so did you see the man get thrown across the square. oh sweetheart you see
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how much kids they are knowing. their deep emotions the sadness and anger inside them i wanted a place authentic i wanted a place it's ahead of the shelf lebannon it's. destroyed and this is what this is the purpose of my is an. architecture belongs to everybody. the fact that we can share space with people inside what makes it important and what makes it go on living it's nice to have life back in the garden was the building up it was 8 that even though you know was. my look i think you know i'm not.
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hungry 20 visioning. and the pragmatists. need to name. the departing director of the get. a tireless traveler dedicated intercultural dialogue for the final year bidding farewell to a cultural ambassador march 21. d. w. . more catered to. the future hold. for mortal dangerous. yes please lord no thanks to the outcome. of the radiant dog story of nuclear energy that is certainly seems humanity. in 45 minutes on d w. in the light of climate change. for cosmic.
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what's in store for. morning news today for the future in the book. called pretty megacities global to give insight. i'm sure. you know i'm a citizen of the world that's certainly because of my own biography i was led breslau during the bombardment it looked to him i grew up in a small town and libraries were how i got to know the world and to do it i visited north africa as a schoolboy as well i was always drawn to foreign countries because i had this curiosity about how other people live think and work and it was always worth it yes i'm a citizen of the world. this
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is the story of a farewell the story of the final year in the career of klaus detail a man he has shaped the german cultural landscape of the past decades like few others with his incredible ability to grasp the right moment. as head of the german national library as loued of butlins museum island. and as president of the getter institute but his last 12 months did not go as planned it was a dramatic year. a last official trip to africa after a long flight the president of the good to institute touched down in namibia a film a german colony. history
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is everywhere in the capital into. the colossal independence museum tells the story of the long struggle for liberation from colonialism. the most recent chapter of that story is all about restitution returning cultural artifacts. to. the tribal leader hendrik that boy is a name maybe a national hero because of his resistance against german colonial rule. in a symbolic bible and which were taken by the germans off to his death their return was an important 1st step it isn't just the removal of objects it's basically the
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breaking up people of person. allergies their self determination and self-confidence this was common colonialism can't be glossed over this is simply a beginning there's a lot more to be done yet so now is the time to get to know each other and to talk to africans in africa about these experiences and to exchange ideas so that these stories can be told of our children our name and was also in namibia to visit the local go to institute in the center of the tech. the team here had spent 2 weeks preparing a major conference about post-colonialism which took place in cata tura a former apartheid era township on the outskirts of the to. it was part of a long term project that brings together museum experts and creative minds from across africa. it includes. but if. there was a sense of things were coming full circle for
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a man his very 1st official trip in 2008 to another former german colony in tanzania he had come with good news the use of austerity were good to institute in dar es salaam would reopen after a decade. we are back to dollar so. africa has been an important focus for the go to institute ever since 12 years later the self-confidence of a new generation in the world of arts and museums was visible at the conference. the role. played. and fresh concepts such as digitalisation made this conference stand out every injury. society in which we find ourselves in today does not agree with the principal's
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office or museum so if you can't communicate to an audience who don't understand you know you've been fed the median age of africa's 90. so it's really critical that we stop i think with questions of who are we speaking to how are we speaking to them what platforms are these thing. but then it was fair well to africa the continent that changed how klaus detail a man saw the world. because i've always found it terrible that africa is only associated with negative stories i've experienced so many positive things and i think we simply have to get them across to good news needs to be given a chance as well falls all. that chance would soon come back in germany. a few weeks later the president of the go to institute appeared at the frankfurt book fair. the world's biggest media
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trade fair was the perfect stage fill a man to talk about his experiences into the turk. it's always where he can return to his professional rates as well. in 1988 was appointed director of the national library or more precisely the west german half in frankfurt the other half was a delight to germany's 2 national libraries the cold war but even divided the world of books. was when i became director general of the national library in frankfurt in $88.00 i made my 1st trip to leipsic. i didn't think it was right for us to be separate entities given that we were founded on common goals to plan we talked about that in my pic it is good to know. he'd gone
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there to visit the so-called memory of the nation the german library was founded in 1912 to collect a. all german language publications under one roof in 1949 it became the central library of the workers state and the western counterpart was set up in frankfurt with the same goals. then in 1909 everything changed hundreds of thousands took to the streets in a peaceful resolution flanked by writers such as stephan hi i'm a. what a transformation it's as if somebody had opened the windows after all these years of stagnation. was. the people liberated themselves from communist rule and east germany fell apart lehman's informal talks with librarians and likes it suddenly became
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a political mission to reunify the institution. but what would become of the german library in like. you're the way there had been a library in there since 1974 and was part of negotiations after the wall fell. on them and we sat here in this room with lehmann and his partner sat here at the front and i was sitting on one of the chairs at the back somewhere as i can remember it quite clearly well initially there was a brief silence he must have been asking himself how we would react to these invaders but it wasn't an invasion he was pretty clear about that he said we were working on a common plan because one of the 1st sentences i can still remember was the greater germany that's coming into being here could certainly use a national library with 2 locations. in august 1990 the 2 german states signed the unification treaty in berlin and the status of the new national library
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was made official including its 2 location. frankfurt's and lights. thanks. to since 1912 of the books immortalized in oil on the wall opposite a photo of klaus taken by his friend renowned photographer newton it marks the beginning of a new era as it is my 1st of all it's very down to earth. image suggests that he is striving upwards and you can also see that he has a sense of how an image functions and how to come across well in a new ecological niche. exposed concrete steel and glass below that 3 floors and underground depository 30000 square
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meters of books. frankfurt's long planned new german national library building was completed in 1997. due to. the chancellor himself attended the inauguration and cole was an avid bookworm. after the ceremony he wanted to see the books so we went into the underground stacks and we barely made it out again because cole was so fascinated he kept pulling out different books and i said mr chancellor we should really get back to our guests because that didn't interest them at all. i think we were in the stacks for 3 hours. that was call he always had time for books and for the library to do. one
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year and the last election later cole was no longer chancellor he handed power over to get hot schroeder. the seat of government in parliament moved from bond to berlin and lehmann took on a new role as president of the pression cultural heritage foundation of the suresh told of the new millennium it was germany's most important cultural position. it brought with it the chance to reshape the face of the nation's capital with the help of a little political goodwill. the next change of government in berlin would also be good till a man in 2008 he became president of the good institute. chancellor angela merkel paid him a personal visit when he took office it was a 1st and also a sign of the growing global significance of cultural diplomacy or does it was important for us that the chancellor made such a clear signal so soon after i began my time as go to institute director in munich
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who was so 3 encounters and all positive i want my male independent spirit and independence has always been important to me but i don't belong to a political party so i can always speak personally and based on facts that probably wasn't a bad thing. in 2019 renowned german violinist and a safina scooped one of the world's biggest prizes the premium imperioli awarded by the japan artists ca sion. a man has been an international advisor to the prize for years. in the heart of tokyo set among the parks and palaces near the famous beijing shrine lies the macy can. then come this traditional site for formal celebrations hosted the awards ceremony though it's not the. one you and i guess must.
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leave mom was quite at home in the highly formal setting the prince and princess a touchy were present on behalf of japan's imperial dynasty. excellence his distinguished goes with around 125000 euros the world's richest up prices awarded in 5 categories anissa fimo to whistle a bounce choice in 2019. was a really calm presence in the middle of everything running things and giving everyone the feeling that they were at the center of proceeding in the bible in fact it was he who was probably at the heart of it all holding the reins. winter in germany and the everyday routine as they go to institute at the cultural
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institutions headquarters near the center of munich it's time for the so-called presidential breakfast. it's a way for a layman to ensure that internal exchanges can happen free from a strict top down hierarchy that something 50 years of leadership experience has taught him. $500.00 go to institute employees work in the building the architecture is an example of german post-war modernism it reflects the self image of the institution which was founded in 1951. practicality clear lines transparency it's all more than just a facade. being president of the good institute is an honorary post which laymen fuse as vital to defending democracy. we're seeing an oversimplification of things protel a t.
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in our disagreements and that worries me for us racism as a dangerous threat that impacts our own credibility that's why we also want to have a stronger presence within germany in terms of cultural education. in 2020 thailand's go to institute 20 to celebrate its 60th anniversary with a large programme of events lehmann's trip that had been planned for a long time. but then corona virus struck and fears of a pandemic grew. when a man decided to go ahead with the visit mufon niemeyer the head of the institute in bangkok breathed a huge sigh of relief.

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