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tv   Nordlichter  Deutsche Welle  December 28, 2020 8:15pm-9:00pm CET

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and a further chaotic government shutdown. up next the corona special we're back with more news of the top of the hour playbook for us thanks very much for. the face of against the coronavirus 10 democrats. has the rate of infection been developing what does the latest research say. information and context the coronavirus update. on t w. w's crime fighters are back africa's most successful radio drama series continues this season the stories focus on hate
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speech prevention and sustainable charcoal production. all of the sodas are available online and of course you can share and discuss on africa's facebook page and other social media platforms. crime fighters to mindanao. homeless during a palm demick. in the french capital paris to health care workers deliver mosques family ties or and food to rough sleepers. in rome volunteers conduct temperature checks to test for a fever. and scenes like these are playing at all over the world. whether living on the streets or in close knit. communal shelters homeless people
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are especially vulnerable to cope with 19. cold weather bites in some parts of the world they face a double threat. many homeless people are older and have underlying medical conditions which leave them out of increased risk for severe illness. homelessness organizations say social distancing and hygiene measures are often all but impossible to maintain. this. 1000 special i'm kate ferguson thanks for joining me an estimated 115000000 people around the world don't have a home lack of affordable accommodation unemployment a family breakdown and addiction are some of the major causes now during the pandemic homeless people have been pushed into a more precarious situation than ever and our next report will meet lukey a homeless man in the german city of cologne business used to be better.
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every day. and hopes for the goodwill of the passers by but since start of the pandemic the tourist crowds have dissipated and most of the people keep their distance. there are fewer people around and fewer people who approach me because they're scared of corona i guess because i'm homeless on the street on good days luke used to make up to 30 euros in 3 hours enough to feed himself and his dogs but in recent months he's had to sit here for an entire day. look he spent his night on the bridge he's 35 and came to germany from slovakia to find work. he's been homeless on and off for the past 5 years he lost his last home in august because his landlord didn't allow dogs. before going there my job i always have the dogs with me and when i look for work
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i'm players want to see where i'm registered but without a home i have no registered address without an address i can't get a job without a job i can't get a flat and money. a vicious circle. at least twice a day look he makes a stop at the cliff at a cafe for homeless people nicolo and central station he comes here to eat shower and charges phone but even here things have changed only 8 people are nowadays allowed to sit in the cafe. before corona the 30 to 40 people at once. for many here this place is a lifeline and despite the new lockdown measures it's allowed to stay open. that's one of the main problems for homeless people which will probably get even worse during the winter months is that there are fewer day shelters and indoor spaces for them to spend time in and we're not the only institution which is how to restrict
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its numbers others have also been affected. sleeping rough through the winter will definitely be challenging for looky and he's also worried about corona especially because he can do so little to protect himself. because i want to stay healthy and i try to be careful but how can i take all the necessary precautions when i live on the street i'm always in town with my dogs i meet other homeless people i can always get infected and i'm always at more risk than other people. roof over his head that's in the keys biggest wish during the corona crisis then he can look for a job again and no longer have to rely on help from others. for more and if they see let's talk to frank spain event director of the european federation of a national organization of working with the homeless mr speight event welcome what do we know about how the homeless community is experiencing this pandemic. i think
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it's important to note that most homeless people are homeless people in general are more vulnerable to 19 then the general population basically for one reason is because they have beat existing health conditions that make them more vulnerable and also because of their situation the situation they leaf in make them more than the like most homeless people live in shelters i don't have to explain to you without following the guidelines imposed by the government such as staying at home . playing social distancing is extremely difficult when you're in a shelter so i think the homeless population is the movable or there are groups of society for the. problem and with all those factors in mind what can you tell us about covert 1000 rights among the homeless are they getting access to testing and treatment. well in the rates it's difficult to see because it is very if you come.
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they thought the infections amongst the homeless people but what we know is that that he's a bit of a difference between the 1st wave in the 2nd wave that we're currently experiencing in the 1st wave the eclipse we get from the homeless shelters is that the hot be able to contain the spread of the disease in the homeless shelter system now in the 2nd wave that seems to be different be here from countries like france for instance where a study was getting out of the shelter system and bodies in the bed is a lesion and they found that in all the shelters that they investigated the over 50 percent of the book lesion who is probably symbols are actually infected by 1000 so we think it took a little bit of time for the vita's to end that into the shelter system into shelters but that is currently the case in quite
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a few countries and when the fight is these circulating in the shelter system it's but it's very quickly because so many people live together there are many shelters are overcrowded and said. what our government's doing to protect the whole mystery if either any best practices that you know off. well governments are many governments are doing things certainly emergency measures it has been quite remarkable how quickly many governments have been able to get people street homeless people you could say off the streets as a public had measure they were new shout the bets were created that's where used to accommodate homeless people then pretty even some countries used. a b. and b. flats to find accommodation for homeless people on the say so. as as emergency response many countries did actually quite well if i can give you one example of
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a concealed a secret of it but it is doubly in the reader house managed to keep the infection rates. anybody anybody who was so. that's one thing in terms of the long term solutions it's only a few countries that actually use the 1000 pound they make to change the way they dress fulness is because it's obvious the show that it is not a solution to homelessness homeless people meet housing often with supports housing is important but that is some countries that use the 1000 pound they make as a lever to actually change the way the address homelessness and the netherlands would be a good example the government there has just decided to invest 15000000 euro in housing solutions for homeless people in order to get his groups to use the abundant make to say what ok we can not so we have to go beyond the emergency response and actually think providing sustainable hosing solutions with support if
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necessary for homeless people. and you think that anything we can learn from the fund and make that might actually help tackle home if in the future. well what we've learned is that it is over but it is important it is the housing is the best protection against good 1000 and gets any damage and actually against orders or vision for the health problem so putting people into shelters as an emergency measure is fine it's probably progress but it's not a safe place for homeless people to be so you actually need housing housing is the best pull that shit against a pandemic and i hope that that will sink in with with the governments with the decision makers stop in the future they will put more emphasis on. the people homeless people as quickly as possible to housing and provide to support messes that housing is probably one of the most stark the social determinants of health and i think that has now become quite of this friction event from the european federation of national organizations working with the whole mess thank you so much
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thank you robin. time nightgowns or one of your questions over to our science correspondent derrick williams. how long does it typically take in europe to approve a vaccine after phase 3 trial results are published. under ordinary circumstances not in the midst of a public health emergency the scientific evaluation carried out after phase 3 trials by the e m a the european medicines agency it takes time developers 1st have to submit testing data and what's called a marketing authorization application that governs general approvals for medicinal products throughout the e.u. a board at the agency called the committee for medicinal products for human use is required to submit a scientific verdict on the application within $210.00 days it then passes that
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opinion on to the european commission which makes a decision on whether or not to grant an approval within $67.00 more days so all in all the process can take between 9 and 10 months. but that's under ordinary circumstances in the midst of this pandemic the e m a has set up a special task force to help fast track covert 19 treatments and therapies it allows for accelerated action in a number of ways for vaccines a key change is that developers don't have to wait until all of their data is final before submitting it for approval but have been able to submit it instead in batches while the trials are still ongoing a process called a rolling review so in the end the formal assessment will take much less time for covert $1000.00 vaccines that have proven safe and effective in trials because the
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e m a has cleared the way for what's called a condition. marketing authorisation. you can submit your questions for derek via our huge of channel for all the latest on the pandemic go to t w dot com slash covert 19 until next time for me in the team it's quite thick and. the going gets tough the brits in agreement is here. the most it's more than sweet. our report is be a good mass and we must travel through the u.k. the e.u. and beyond. breaks it winners and losers close up. on d w. in
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a globalized world. where everything is connected. all it takes is a score. to set things in motion. local hero show called their ideas can change the world. global 3000. and 60 minutes on d w. in these difficult times it's especially important to us to wish you all a happy new year the wrong virus has come as a family and friends all here and it's easy to feel a long established during this holiday season we had you don't even want to tell you my dear with you. the love and love. in
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this way see you. i mean you know i mean you. need to start going to the new company everyone you and your assistant things and material. mistakes. it's. pretty easy. i'm taking a really. great sense of credit for she to be believing the mom lip. british fleet. and untag was here and.
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we've been covering breck's it since the beginning and i'm now joined by big mass our correspondents from london and gary marcus who is in brussels for us it's a huge story the story of the u.k. leaving vu untangle in decades of integration we spent years interviewing politicians campaigners even body language experts and now after traveling across the u.k. as well as the continent and even the scene we're taking a moment to select our past now biggest breck's of losers and some of the winners too. maybe one after that gunship maybe we can use diplomacy. and allow access maybe to some but not to all.
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forms as we fuse the protective about. he's fish he's a fisherman and hastings that's on the southern english coast and his family has been there for generations for centuries really if you're looking for the wilderness of threats that we've met them in the english channel just of the british coast of some of northern europe richest fishing grounds british fishermen are now able to fish much more freely and that's exactly what paul joy wanted to do take back so often free of british rule to. arm the fright that's one of that aspect of it we take back control of their territory will. that means that they're kicking out the european fishermen the dutch for example and they've been fishing here for hundreds of years they would have less access to the fishing grounds of the british coast. so it's 4 in the morning and we're standing in this huge dutch fish factory some ships there catch up to 80 percent of their fish in
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u.k. waters the whole industry relies on this catch and it relies on running at full capacity much less than that and it could collapse but it's also an emotional thing what used to be our colleagues richer or our colleagues our friends working together in european fisheries politics and all of a sudden it's turned upside down as if they are strangers as if we are strangers and that is a very very bad feeling. very belonging to a male which is france's biggest fishing port people very much feel the same way and you know what ironically what's safe them is a matter of taste the thing is that british fish eaters don't really like what's in their own waters like herring for example or macro array that all get sold to europe but what they do like card for example for their fish and chips this is
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something that they have to buy of the european fisherman so europe is really the biggest. market and a huge trading partner when it comes to fish. which. british fishermen need to be you they sell i would say about 70 percent of their catch to the e.u. market. and without a trade deal in place all that fish that british fish would have been subject to massive tariffs and barriers. a cliff. no deal breaks it in other words would have put them straight out of business and still paul's fault it was worth the risk. is a long term goal. i think we've got to go a long way before we see gains we've in anything to win anything with the industry banking financial monetary economy they're all going to suffer in the short but
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it's something we're quite happy to do so that we have a long term benefit of controlling their own fees and controlling our own destiny is passion for control over the sea was widely shared by u.k. politicians and we saw that throughout those endless negotiations again and again so it often felt like britain was much more concerned about fishing than for example other much more important parts of the economy like for example the city of london fishing is less than 0 point one percent of their economy so why all the fuss is something that you might ask i think it took you awhile to understand what on earth was so important about fish and in the end it was all about patrie arctic symbolism this idea that britain is an independent coastal state.
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i just became so aware of it's the you know you just you run into it your own out of it but it's not a functioning border and if that was to change it changes everything and it changes not just the landscape of the country but it changes the functioning of the country on her own alex has been crossing the border numerous times and without any difficulty it's a completely open border and mostly they're not even signs that tell you that you're crossing an actual border from the republic of ireland over there through northern ireland and the u.k. . it used to be one of the most famous borders in all of europe but for all the wrong reasons this passionate struggle to keep the places apart or to bring them together costs thousands of lives. it's only recently that it's all been quite with
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a peace deal but also within you support and you integration. to grasp what is still at stake in northern ireland just take a look at belfast there are these huge peace walls and like a berlin based become a tourist attraction only these walls still sort of pompous they keep people apart . people who would fight each other over whether to stay a part of the u.k. or to join the republic of ireland. it was really chilling to meet the final he was all about fighting for a united ireland meeting him felt like going back in time to the 1970 s. . it was talk about the irish republican army the ira and of dying and of killing for the course. we would commemorate barry volunteers and this community for us already volunteers. who were martyred paid the ultimate sacrifice for irish
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freedom and they also murdered others and i mean war the. republicans have traditionally saw that as long as we are. the irish people have the right to resist occupation by any means by a meaning also with arms mobile that would include reforms that's but traditionally being the republican viewpoint well the majority of people in northern ireland voted to remain with you. those who voted leave did so because they saw this is an opportunity to show that they are part of the u.k. and separate from the republic of ireland. it was all about leaving one union in order to stay in another union but some are now regretting that move. if i had the opportunity to turn back time and read around a fractured vote i would be encouraged to change my mind and vote for me and gently because the issues that already exist and all that have been compounded by
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a practical and we fought long and hard in this conflict. data sectarianism try and make a better future for all our. on the practice issue was. raised at community. while they were. of the european union people in northern ireland didn't have to choose whether they were british or irish or both they didn't have to choose one identity over another and trade between northern ireland the republic of ireland the u.k. and the you used to be very easy but not anymore a hot border between northern ireland and the republic of ireland could be avoided but it has been replaced by a border basically in the irish sea between the u.k. and northern ireland and we're bound to see some form of custom controls.
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so we've found frustration and even bitterness in the republic among people who would now face more obstacles when they're sending things like for example forklift trucks to great britain and also to the rest of the e.u. if you ask anyone in the irish population of course this is being imposed on the irish population and in that sense it is madness but the problem is of course we did not have the control on this the control of it belonged to the u.k. voters for this result so it's not a result that the amish population would have wanted for. but as for northern ireland bracks it may have actually helped those who want to see northern ireland cut itself loose from the u.k. so the republican cause may be the winner reps and so irish reunification is suddenly not an unrealistic prospect anymore and it's new and it's a direct result of bricks and.
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there's a real possibility that breaks it could trigger the end of the united kingdom scotland very much has a strong identity and a big part of that is not being english scotland just had an independence referendum just 6 years ago and they voted to actually stay in the u.k. but that was before breaks that many scots really really don't want to leave that up and they resent the english for voting for bracks it. it still gives me shivers when i think about that surely morning last winter we met up with some very brave scottish souls they were winter swimmers and they were braving the waters off the coast of fadden bro all year round they are not a political on the whole never extremely polite but they had very clear words for the english who had voted for breaks and. this is what you saw to england and unfortunately all of england. yes give us our independence equal we can look after
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ourselves nurtured and feeling that we're being torn out. with her consent and it's horrible the m.p. tommy shepherd dropped presents the scottish national party in the u.k. parliament and we saw him in his constituency office in edinburgh we have had a lot of extremely generous friendly overtures from other european governments saying that if things pile britain leaves the european union and scotland takes political control of the sort of affairs that it's got we would be welcome in the european union. so the scottish nationalists are a clear winner here all recent opinion poll say that the scottish people the majority of them want to go their own way and that they want to be independent now .
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what is in the caribbean are not half as chilly as it's scotland but when we travel thousands of kilometers to the island of. what we found is that people there were just as annoyed about bracks as people. should have had a chance to participate in the brits and that no other people should decide and get on straight it puts us in a precarious. it's done because. economically might be said is that vantage but. it does not make us feel as though we are part of. it british territory. we are part of the european union and of britain. and we probably would suffer in a most of them have british passports but because i'm a british overseas territory and only partly governed by the u.k. the 15000 or so islanders didn't have a press it but. we were there just after
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a big hurricane had hit in 2017 but people reckon it will do much more damage than that what we already know is that lost all you subsidies which made up a big part of the island's budget. all relations with this next door neighbor some months on now much more complicated because someone is part of france and therefore it's still part of the you. rely on summer time for trade transport and health care and your passports go. they as well as the scots are being pulled out of the you against their will so the news as hear all the ordinary people just like in scotland brags it has boosted their use and will who won independence.
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so there we were in the city of london it's europe's biggest financial hub and the city is enormously important for the u.k. we have the skills and the knowledge of the culture you know to handle. the financial sector and perhaps other countries in within your. i don't have the. financial services contribute over 10 percent of the tax revenues for the u.k. . i can still see you're standing there at this desk surrounded by glass in this imposing skyscraper that says you know power. it was just after the break to vote that we went to see the head of lloyd's of london insurance in the bill told us that they had full 1000000000 euros worth of business with e.u.
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clients or financial services were largely left out of the trade talks so she was hoping for what is called passport to the right to continue to trade with the e.u. if we can continue with passport ing that is our ideal situation we've been talking about that even before the referendum we said it's so important because that's really that gives us the ability to provide insurance to our customers in the e.u. 27 so if that could continue that would be just tremendous but now there is no passport whatsoever and financial firms have really been hammered by bret's it is estimated that already need about 10000 jobs have been relocated to other places in the e.u. and more than a trillion pounds in assets has been moved from the u.k. to other destinations in the e.u. that's about 110th. of all the assets that i managed in the u.k. even though it's still the most important financial hub in europe the city of
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london is clearly a brand salusa and its position is likely to diminish father the will other financial centers. frankfurt amsterdam luxembourg they all have already profited from it. i mean if you. are centimeter. underneath my country under a net for my generation because i passionately believe in the european project and i passionately believe that bracks is going to damage our society in. the coming weeks and what madeline a k was doing she was fighting really desperately for a 2nd branch that referendum she turned herself into e.u. supergirl and she camped outside parliament she really put her life on hold she
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stopped studying she only wanted to stop it there were others like her for example femi on the wall and they both had a big presence on social media but it didn't do the trick so the problem was the young people came too late they voted overwhelmingly in the referendum to stay in the european union but not enough of the came and showed up very soon they lost and they lost a lot they simply can't do what parents were able to do which is to just easily live travel study on the continent indeed. also works in other directions for you since i met for instance this polish account . he's one of 3000000 new citizens who have made the u.k. their. so now they can stay in the u.k.
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they can register with the governments you settlement scheme but it's just not that easy they call and just come here and work as easily as they used to be able to but ideal broken in your young was about you can move from one city to another out of work going from country to country like you moving in just your own your country in terms of the ira and out of style don't double their yard and everyone who came to you can make a move down idea and suddenly you really feel different city and suddenly you say also if you can only be in the city you have to go part you can only do something i was next you could be haven't been prepared when you've been moving to distant to do to this country. many of the people who tried to make a life in the u.k. decided to go home and basically take their expertise with the. bros and that number as a friend of mine she had been working as a consultant emergency doctor in london and i put up with she and her children
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packed to move back to dublin. for me the uncertainty around and trying to plan for their future if we were to say here is one of the big motivators but for the 2 of them i don't really know what they. are for them if they stay on here for a 2nd with her and. what are they going to be allowed to do with it defend them thousands of you noses and doctors have now gone home and it's a massive problem for the u.k. health service especially with the corona pandemic there are around 100000 unfilled positions in the sector and that means patients are losing out. the windows here are the committed brick city as they could not have forseen the pandemic of course but any short term disruption was always going to be worth it for them. for a moment to see. whether the decision to release might be revulsed so they showed up outside parliament clearly upset and the top of that. bracks and it wasn't just
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older people by the way there were also young people that had come pain from bracks and like others grant and his sister beatrice they were both still at school at the time enable ideas like democracy and some say you can't take this for granted and i think yeah you know i had friends saying yeah i would be able to do my rasmus and it's like well you know 17400000 people different leave some people on this privileged. promised even bats was so proud of his product of what he has achieved he spent half a day on his left field and that's when he voiced his frustration at how people had voted in the referendum. i don't think. people realised how much we depend on foreign labor coming in.
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those farmers actually didn't vote for brett even though. many of them depend quite heavy on you subsidies and your enduring friend in the press it is a promise that this money would be replaced and that nobody would be out of pocket to address it but now it looks like within the next 3 years farmers could lose at least half of what they received under the e.u. system that would be a disaster particularly for small farms we could easily see a very substantial percentage of problems disappear family found just go on and that won't be something you can do saudi for i would use toy my approach politically we got our room because it could be done once romans leave the land and go on something else to do i generally don't come back on the right. fringe language and son edward all sheep farmers in suffolk and southern england they are the 4th generation to farm this really beautiful spot and they hope that
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one day it was children will take over the phone. they sell most of their land to france the french like a lamb like this which has a good conformation. they want them weighing around about $18.00 to $20.00 kilos as a carcass. not too much fat just a little fact. that stuff is the ideal and that's the highest value market they did not vote for breaks frank was just laughing at the idea that bracks it would cut red tape from brussels will there be any less. there would be any less as civil servants to like paper so we will still have lots of people at the farmers' incorrectly blamed europe for the paper when it was actually our own people that created lots of people big farms will be able to deal better with the paperwork and even buy up land from small farms who go bust so at the end of the day they may be
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the big winners of it to run a moron. to run a wife or wife from europe i think is is a is a better thing for us as a country and we're in a world market anyway and that's of course true for all exports. but for manufacturers like the ocean world but industry for example breaks introduces really shoot programs to the advantage that british and european manufacturers had they could move car parts between them really easily and really quickly and that would be gone for the moment we're selling to germany from anywhere in europe like we're showing you that if we are outside of the european market it will be an export for export you've got a lot of export paperwork you've got a lot of money tied up will have to go through this in the for the purple rose local thing to do there we don't. like al is
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a real self-made man whose company was selling parts of dime learned b.m.w. and we interviewed him just before the fateful brags that and like absolutely every executive in the car industry was very very worried about credit. investment in the u.k. car industry has plummeted since then it's 80 percent down and covered has made things just was that if we look purely at the bread to defect some eastern european countries are winning because some manufacturers and some in the car industry have already relocated some of their production to use in europe. we're looking over at the u.k. from europe i can't help but feel frustrated. for example sold in the u.k.'s this big wind wind and what we have now is
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a new sleuth so it's very hard to see any. that wanted just in in all of this. after all the people we met after all the presence well i've travelled these people have basically mainly lost out tensions are clearly running i had westminster we've had this draw european trade just this year for months so i'm a german i'm living in the u.k. my children born here and i feel at home here but for me the e.u. is also important and it's important as a piece project these are the roots of the e.u. but that doesn't really resonate in the u.k. and i remember when i was talking to a friend about this before the referendum i explained this to her and it was a completely new idea for her and she voted for granted. i'm quite confident that over the years we'll manage to form a new relationship like becoming friends after divorce but what we will not
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have is this institutional pressure which we have in the e.u. to solve problems to tackle problems together. in today's world you need to team up to tackle global issues like the environmental crisis like regulating tech giants like migration and without the u.k. team europe a key player can take back control as the phrase goes of our money our borders our laws so the bridge to tears no need to define what actually is global britain what do they mean by it and how will it work and they need to prove that this acrimonious divorce process that is really worth that and that there are new opportunities for the u.k. because the breadth of that we're seeing now is much much harder than what was originally promised.
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tears were shattered when the u.k. flag was lowered outside the european parliament that night and and i remember i was moved to. and i kept thinking the only positive thing that comes out of this is that the rest of the e.u. will see what the u.k. is walking away from and treasure it more.
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in a globalized world. where everything is connected. all it takes is a scorched to set things in motion. local hero show out there ideas can change the world. global 3000. and 30 minutes on d.w. . in the height of climate change. africa's mix of. what's in store for cancer research on tuesday for the future. e.w. dot com fricken megacities to the multimedia insight click culture.
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dish. big news live from berlin the outgoing u.s. president backs down and signs a huge coronavirus relief bill donald trump has led me to millions of cash strapped americans will get government payments albeit delayed have more on why trump changed his tune. and a warning for critics of china's coronavirus narrative.


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