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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 16, 2021 12:30pm-1:00pm CEST

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stonemasons builders architects compete with each other. this is how massive churches are created. contests to the. stores. on t.w. . 18.3 percent that's china's g.d.p. growth for the 1st quarter it marks the biggest jump since china began its quarterly valuation some 30 years ago we get some analysis from our correspondents also coming up japanese fishermen are frustrated by tokyo's decision to release treated water from the fukushima nuclear power plant into the sea they fear it will scare away bias the government says the water is safe. and university students in
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brazil are struggling to make ends meet amid the pandemic instead of getting a degree many are forced to do needlework studies in ruins. business i want to go jones and berlin good to have you with us. china's economy grew a record 18.3 percent in the 1st quarter of 2021 that compared to the same quarter last year and that's according to the country's national bureau of statistics it's the biggest jump in g.d.p. since china started keeping quarterly records in 1992 the bigger however is heavily skewed as the surge in growth comes off a contraction in the 1st quarter of last year when the economy shrank tremendously during the height of the code 19 outbreak analysts say the g.d.p. growth nevertheless suggests that china continues to gain economic momentum. so let's see what the markets are making of it and let's cross over now to chelsea delaney the standing by for us of the frankfurt stock exchange shall see 18.3
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percent now regardless of the fact that the economy really shrank last year that is a very very impressive figure china seems to leave everyone else behind. yeah it really is at this point and china isn't going to keep up 18 percent growth in every quarter this year but even so it's expected to still see its economy grow by about 8.4 percent that would really be one of the best growth rates in the world for 2021 so china is recovering much quicker than most of the rest of the world in part because they've really controlled the virus to them and they've been able to reopen much quicker but this also is benefiting the rest of the world we've heard from a lot of companies here in europe as they report their earnings for the 1st 3 months of the year that china is that is their best market right now and so this is starting to help the strength of the chinese economy is helping a lot of a lot of european companies and other economies in the world much else to do from
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thank you so much. china's economic importance certainly is accel rating at the same time it's become more and more focused on building its domestic markets both in consumption and innovation last year china filed nearly $69000.00 peyton's with the world intellectual intellectual property organization that's a rise of 16 percent the united states had just about 59000 applications that's up 3 percent while in germany the number of applications actually fell 3.7 percent to just over 18 $1600.00 as the chinese economy expands industries like germany's auto sector are becoming increasingly dependent on china 41 percent of folks arms sales volume all the sales volume there comes from china china makes up about a 3rd of b.m.w.'s overall sales and dimed us else 29 percent of its vehicles in
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china the u.s. however remains germany's biggest trading partner last year germany sold 104000000000 euros worth of goods and services is a 12 and a half percent decline on 29000 largely because of the pandemic but china is not far behind here germany exported goods with nearly 96000000000 euros to china last year wallace unchanged from before the pandemic now that was a lot of facts and figures and we need certainly somebody to put all of that for us into perspective and i'm doing a big round here obviously due to the pandemic restrictions but we're both tested clifford coonan here is in the studio with me and clifford 1st of all. well we just heard i mean china is increasingly looking into building its domestic market is the good old bad news for foreign companies. well in some ways it does offer opportunities for foreign companies as we've seen with the with the trade days are there that it's there or it's becoming a great export market it's long been
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a great export market for say germany and other european economies and that's going to continue particular where there's no growth anywhere else so i think for in the short term definitely we're going to see a very strong focus on china as a place that will provide these opportunities i give you a bit but. you focus on the shore to well i think think medium term there are other issues of play because you know there's issues of technology transfer and there's still a level playing fields argument but european companies are making they don't really feel that they're getting a fair shake of the stick in the way that the chinese companies are they have a lot of extra. subsidies and the german companies european companies feel that they're not getting the same access to things like infrastructure projects all these kind of things the chinese companies are able to do in a reciprocal way so i think that will be the book that people are still looking for for greater or for say there was a better access to china for a long time it was always this big issue about intellectual property when doing
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business with china now china is basically outpacing everybody else when it comes to fighting you peyton's what's that mean well this is very interesting i mean i think china is definitely pushing innovation it's the one thing where it's it's falling short and we've seen with the trade war there with the microchips for example that once america says that you can't have our microchips suddenly china isn't isn't a isn't a bad place so they're looking to try and make up that kind of shortfall and to try and advance in other areas as well so i think with the with the with the german companies particularly they're looking for to sort of cooperate on innovation as well but that also means technology transfer so it's going to be interesting few years coming up. as always thank you so much for joining me in the studio. and on to some of the other global business stories making news. amazon needs to do a better job for its employees says its founder jeff bezos in his final letter to
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investors the company has often been criticised for harsh working conditions last week the retailer fought off an attempt by warehouse workers in alabama to unionize . in berlin thousands took to the streets after the constitutional court to declare the city's rent cap no and void the cap had come into effect last year and affected 90 percent of rental properties it's been considered one of the most radical measures against soaring rents in europe. seafood is very popular in japan but is it safe to eat fish caught off the coast of fukushima and that's a big question fishermen there are asking they're frustrated by the government's decision to release 3 says water from the city's destroyed nuclear power plant into the sea more than a 1000000 tons of it. 2021 was supposed to be the come back here from our south tiger and his wife. in march they were allowed to go back to full scale fishing again after years of small scale trial fish with lots of radioactive safety checks
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but no their dreams have been shattered. i say to you there but they are thinking the end there is only the sea where the treated water can be released but as a fisherman if they do that. even if the sea the fish will be fine the thing i'm most afraid of is the damaging rumors that may be caused. they are pretty much. 10 years ago when the tsunami hit the nuclear power plant water was used to cool the destroyed reactors the water has been collected in tanks and treated to remove more than 60 different types of radioactive material from it but one element remains try t.m. it's generally considered to be harmless but when ingested it can raise cancer risks. the author of the government has said releasing the treated water is scientifically safe the only thing we can do is to trust them and do business with those who will do business with as. this is
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a key part of the story of every possible particular theory still fish shop manager tucker he said abby is not convinced. all the government stresses that water containing try to him is routinely released from nuclear plants around the world. so it's got that that was in the case where we have increased figures of radioactivity levels in fish we will no longer be able to handle if we can't handle fish here our business will be unsustainable and a bit difficult we are concerned that we may have to close our business. or. the power plants or no tepco is trying to calm the situation the company said fishing communities and others suffering harm from the water release will be financially compensated. the coronavirus pandemic is raging unchecked in brazil for many students there this means the end of their
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dreams of getting a higher degree and making something of themselves instead of going to university they're now forced to do menial work for little pay just to get by. maria several sets of on her bike for a long day on the saddle the 29 year old will probably write 80 kilometers today as she does every day crisscrossing rio de janeiro to deliver food. that. i can't do anything else now because of this job i get up early and from that moment on i have to be completely at the back and call of this app if not i automatically stop receiving orders. and. murray has been carrying this orange back for a year since the pandemic 1st hit she used to study history on a scholarship but that ran out during the coronavirus crisis now she earns money by
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fighting her way through rio's traffic chaos reached. a risky undertaking. to begin with she tried to combine her studies with the job. in the beginning i often delivered food while listening to lectures. on my headphones and biking at the same time but i couldn't concentrate on either the lecture or what was happening on the road. without this job maria wouldn't have enough money to survive during the pandemic she gets the equivalent of $0.40 per delivery and rarely receives tips many of brazilians are in a similar situation. i spend nearly 24 hours a day delivering food on these dangerous streets how am i supposed to study on the side. think of this when you believe that. there is also have to give up her apart
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for the time being she's staying with the family of a friend for free she's very worried she may soon and obama street one reason she suffered from depression for the past year. when my scholarship ran out i didn't know what to do in the middle of the pandemic the only way out seemed to be delivering food. but i recently broke 3 ribs in an accident and i couldn't work for a whole month. maria comes from brazil's impoverished northeast and wants to be the 1st woman in her family to go to college instead she's working hard for a miserable pay she no longer dreams of finishing my degree. because my dream of going to university was stolen by the pandemic. i feel like a loser because i'm not able to finish my degree. in vietnam as. a marine who
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sees no hope as long as the corona virus rages on through brazil. and that's your business update here and at this hour you can always find out more on our web site that's t w dot com or you follow us on facebook and on twitter from me on the team in the end as always thanks for watching to stay safe as. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing what does the latest research say. information and contacts the coronavirus update. on t w. do you feel worried about the planet. due to. a meal on the greens.
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and to me it's clear to me. the solutions are out there. join me for deep into the green transformation for me. for the. vaccines are turning the tide but they're not without risks especially for women they've been break ace's of blood clotting even fatal ones leading some governments to slow down backs in nations we have. with. each delay puts more lives at risk as the corona virus spreads it's a balancing act between speed and caution in the fight against covert 19. the
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risk of dying from cove it is much higher than getting a blood clot from a vaccine but even more concerning is a new report from oxford university that shows catching the corona virus puts you at even more risk of a deadly blood clot in a moment we'll talk to scientists at johns hopkins university for this report. astra zeneca $1000.00 vector vaccine has hardly been out of the headlines since last december in till now it's been instrumental in the success of the u.k.'s vaccination program but from now on its use there will be restricted to those over 30 years of age there have been worries in the european union about its effectiveness and potential side effects germany initially restricted its used to under 60 five's now berlin is recommending it purely for over sixty's those worries were compounded by several cases of a rare thrombosis type following astra zeneca vaccinations some of them fatal. the
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european medicines agency in amsterdam felt it was time to take a stance on the job its director stressing that the benefits of the antiviral agent far outweigh any risks. this vaccine has proven to be highly effective if it prevents if severe to the season hospitalisation and it is saving lives vaccination is extremely important in helping us in the fight against cope at 19 and we need to use the dock scenes we have to protect us from the devastating effects scientists have been investigating the reports and circumstances of the throne both seas britain's medicines and health care regulator agency says 20000000 doses of the astra zeneca vaccine had been at ministered by the end of march with $79.00 cases of a throne bosis later reported 19 of which were fatal the cause is thought to be a rare immune reaction most of them presented some 2 weeks after inoculation there
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are no apparent risk groups such as age or sex several countries like germany france and canada have tightened restrictions on the use of astra zeneca as covert 19 vaccine others have suspended it totally waiting for the e.m.a.'s verdict it has now recommended the continued unrestricted use of the astra zeneca jab regardless of any rare cases of thrombosis. so mixed messages there about vaccine safety to unpack this let's bring in coastal talat she's a vaccine scientist and infectious disease physician at johns hopkins university in baltimore maryland. so let's start with astra zeneca as as we heard that's being given to more than half the adults in britain and is credited with saving tens of thousands of lives i gladly take it but authorities here in germany and other countries are blocking its use and offering no timely alternative isn't that in itself putting people's lives in danger. so when you have
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a pandemic that's out of control and we have let the curve it 19 pandemic then facts then you have to weigh the risks and benefits of any available preventive such as a vaccine or treatment and for the astra zeneca vaccine it has been shown to have saved millions of lives already and so the the potential benefits might outweigh any risks now there are some very serious risks associated with it in very very rare circumstances and i think i think each country but also each individual needs to be able to weigh that risk benefit equation for themselves to decide whether or not they're willing to take that risk for the potential for the protection against the virus when you have a vaccine that's available and that's not being used people can die and that's something that each each government and each person needs to weigh and this isn't
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only a problem with astra zeneca we've now got johnson and johnson 6000000 immunized in the united states and yet it's on hold because 6 people may have had side effects isn't one of a 1000000 an acceptable risk level during times like these. so i think that the equation in the united states it's a little bit different because we vaccinated so many of our high risk individuals are ready and we have 2 other approved vaccines that are that are more available than johnson and johnson fact the even is and i think where is europe has been gathering information about the astra zeneca vaccine for several weeks we are just starting to learn about any potential risks associated with the johnson and johnson vaccine and so i think the pas is to gather that information to truly understand what that risk is is it one in a 1000000 or is there something higher is it even associate is the clots that we
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saw with in those and fortunate women associated with it and so i think the. the pas is appropriate while we gather that information and make a decision about the risk benefits but i think in places where there is the virus is increasing in terms of the transmission and there is no alternative vaccine that it should be seriously considered to use this vaccine while that data is being gathered. in the u.s. the calculus is a little bit different because we do have to opportunity vaccines and don't seem to have that same risk the strange thing though is that and this is what will get many people especially women worried about this is that those people affected by clotting were women in a certain age group and it's been a similar profile for astra zeneca as well so why is it being blocked for everyone or everyone under 60 or so. i am that is probably due
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to a logistics and programatic issues but also because while we're gathering that information we need to understand better what that risk is and who truly is at risk while the majority of people who have been affected so far seem to be women there were men in europe who have had this unusual rare blood clot hammon there was one man in the trial in the united states who had this and usual bug cloud occur and so we need to gather that information and or stand the process better and who truly is at risk to be able to maybe target the vaccine to people who are at lower risk but you know it's interesting that you see it because there is a lot of adverse events from vaccines that seem to particularly affect women and especially women in their productive years and that's probably because our hormones are different then in the korean coast reproductive period and also from men and
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that may put is that many of us have an advantage or a benefit but they may also put us at. some increased risk from the adverse events if you look at the anaphylaxis cases that are happening after the m.r.i. a vaccines in the united states a vast majority of them are happening in women as well. so there's just there's a difference in the biology between men and women that we're just are you stand can go as far as saying that vector back sings could be the problem in terms of the that's been seen exactly. for terms of adverse events in terms of clotting and or adverse events. so each fact scene is going to have it it's different adverse events each vaccine have form has different kinds of adverse events that happen and so for the better vaccines especially for astra
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zeneca potentially fatal for johnson and johnson as well it looks like clotting may be an increased risk factor. that we didn't see with the m r n a vaccines and in the united states over 100000000 people have now been vaccinated with at one of the 2 emraan a vaccine is without the same sort of signal that we've seen with the with the with the at with the at the various factions but this nest hasn't necessarily been seen with other ad know various facts scenes in the past so we need to better understand what is happening and i think that this pause allows scientists and researchers to really dig deep into each of these cases to better understand what's happening and also to understand the mechanisms a little bit better has been fantastic having you on the show explain to us what all this means cause a lot of johns hopkins university thank you very much for being on the show today. you very much take care. whatever the risks of vaccines they hit the state and now
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more on that from derek williams. will we only have to be vaccinated once or will we need regular booster shots. once again the straightforward answer is we don't know yet but a lot of experts do think it's very likely that even fully vaccinated people will need booster shots in the future there are a couple of different reasons why that might become necessary the 1st involves the fact that the vaccines we're using now have been approved for emergency use because they were safe and the vast majority of people have gotten them and also extremely effective at least in the short term but we still don't know how long that effectiveness on average will last don't forget it's been under a year since the very 1st subjects in trials receive their 1st shots but based
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on what we know about naturally acquired immunity to the disease and what we know about other coronaviruses the general expectation among immunologists appears to be that most vaccinated people will remain largely immune to cope at 19 for at least 6 months and likely retain at least some immunity for a year or 2 assuming the virus doesn't mutate faster than we think however nearly all the experts i've read now also say that down the line variants of sars tovey 2 will change enough that we'll have to modify current vaccines at some point so the companies that make them are already in trials looking at possible ways to prolong vaccine induced immunity and
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a lot of those trials will involve giving test subjects booster shots of tweets vaccines. from williams i've been fizzling thanks for watching stay safe and she'll get answers. to.
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come. to the point. clear positions international perspective seemingly russia's military buildup on the border to ukraine is the largest one in 14 a kind of situation crimea the u.s. and europe are urging russia to stand down from russia ukraine crisis what just because you want to find out it's been about 2 point. 3 minutes on g.w. . in good shape. there is no cure for
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a child. how can one lead to normal life with the potential to become a virus. they are working on a vaccine and better therapeutic drugs. and may be able to defeat the virus from day to talk to the end of the day leading a child. to be good should. be minutes w. . more. whole. cutting through the noise. floor i come from people are known for being tough but fair new york and la people tell it like it it was they call it the concrete jungle the melting pot of the city that never sleeps is this energy that makes it feel like cold but amid the hustle it's important to listen and pay attention because
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it's not just the loudest voices who needs to be heard we all have a story of how but i see it as my job as a journalist to go beyond the obvious now i'm basing your odds my work takes me around the world my instincts for me in the day to tell the important stories behind the headlines what is the heart of the story why does it matter who lived in tom's mopsy focus if you want us to cut through the noise to get to the troops. fighting the sierra kelly and i want to double. odds.
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model. player. play. this is news live from her lead prominent democracy activists in hong kong are handed jail terms and suspended sentences they are the latest in a string of the n.t.s.b. out watchman figures to face the courts over their bowls and one of the city's largest ever protests we'll go live to our correspondent. also coming up intensive care workers in germany sending one distress call after another after what chancellor angela merkel call told lawmakers urging the.


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