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tv   ZDF Reportage  Deutsche Welle  December 24, 2021 10:30pm-11:01pm CET

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go beyond as we take on the world. 8 hours. i do all this. yeah. we're all about the stories that matter to you. whatever you take by policemen follow with you. we are, your is actually on fire made for mines with this is d, debbie news, africa with a special edition coming up on the program. that's right, we're looking at some of the top stories we reported on this year. cobit 19, they were more ways, small lockdown, new variance and vaccine. the conflict in ethiopia, millions force from the our homes,
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thousands killed and new and is in sight. in south africa, there was looting and riots unlike any before seen in the countries democracy. we also reported on the impact that climate change as having on the continent as a wild lead, as prepared for the summer that was expected to deliver. and there was the return of some of advocacy, cultural items from europe. the start of repatriation africans as a long been calling for ah, i on eddie mike, a junior and i'm christine wanda. it is good to have your company and eddie it's good to be together. definitely. i mean the last summer went together was what exactly a year ago was right. time flies definitely. time flies. and what a year 2021 has been. we're here to look back on some of the stories from africa
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that dominate had headlines. that's right. and we're still deep within the pandemic, and that really continued to impact lives and livelihoods. and as the rest of the world rolled out, vaccines in their populations, eddie africa was left far behind. less than 10 percent of africa, or people in africa had been fully vaccinated. and that number is especially low when you compare it to other parts of the world. have a look at asia, europe with almost 2 thirds of its population vaccinated eddie. unfortunately, the such stark contrast when you compare africa to the rest of the world, but it's not just an issue of vaccine inequality. racine skepticism has been prevalent across africa, and many people are still hesitant to get that job. now, some governments are thinking about a possible solution. vaccine mandates. some of the coffee, 19 of mesa that i put in place in kenya, i that you have to have your must gone,
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you have to sanitize you have to maintain social is that the positivity rate in their country is at 1 point one percent. and that's necessitated the government talk to you turn down some of the problems in mission that are put in place. the government has come up with a mac sin monday. we see that people have to be much submitted by to 1st of december and the minister of healthy. it is necessary so that they avoid a sudsy number, especially in the lead up to the festivities, says on. we talked for some other people and they're not amused. by what their minister for held had to say about the fact. well, thank you so. so goes you to force people to talk over to him. i know i'll be restricted, but i can't take time out to get vaccinated. when i need to be working to feed my children to some of their sexual, it's obviously that the government said people will not be able to access as from teens. 1st of december include this,
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have you seen bus services and even health services? and we've met with one of the passengers was actually going to border train right now. and he's just telling us what he thinks about that particular vaccine mandate by that minister for health, for seniors to get maxine needed in order to receive the governor's office. it is not fair. and $11.00 for the government said that it plans to have attended vaccination drive where the set up vaccination booth. and they will use some of the facilities in the local government to be able to what's in the maximum number of report. by the time the vaccine mandate takes effect, and if the government stays to do it to what, then it will mean for you to accept some of the essential government services in kenya. then you'll have to walk around with accompanied 19 vaccination certificates . as proof of your moxie mation. so that's the report from can you believe that a number of other governments on the continent have done the same things? and bobby, for example, comes to mind, but i'm interested to know 80. what do you think about vaccine mandates? i mean, i think that it will generally help control the spread of the co and
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a virus, but i think it's going to be definitely be more challenging on the continent concerning considering that we have a large informal sector. and i mean, imagine, you know, the police are security forces going around all these corners to check if people have been fully vaccinated. so that will be the challenge. but that's just one of the many challenges on the continent where i term all these challenges have highlighted the need for africa to produce its own vaccines. and actually, this is in the pipeline in, yeah, for sure. you know, be correspondent, increase reports from south africa. it's the 1st for the continent. this inconspicuous building in an industrial area of cape town is the base for africa's m r and a vixen technology up with wick scenes in short supply in africa. the w h o and cove x initiative. let the drive to set up a local technology sharing platform. that's one of the positive legacies of clothing. we now, in the last 8 months, have seen this, this,
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this mess of funding available now by technology. in south africa, i've done and also in africa f, regina's, the company tasks with developing and producing emron, a vixens, these are relatively new, but highly effective vaccines. that so far, only 2 major companies have commercialized by on tech and more, dana, african was counting on a cooperation with more dana, the model was that we will receive a technology chance with turn key technology transferred. but that didn't happen. so the team now jumped in with our university partners and the knowledge base in south africa to develop our own vaccine. one of the key partners is in johannesburg . the antiviral gene therapy research unit at winwood has read university. they've been working on em, are in a technology since 2015 as one of the only research units on the continents. they are now sharing their skills and knowledge with african we have been able to take
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information which is available in the public domain to work out how to p. medina, am or, and eyes produced. so we have the sequence and we have the context of that sequence which we've been able to reproduce. but of course, the purpose of that really is to use the reference rather than as something which we want to try to use as a, as a product. so we would like to develop our own ideas and we are infecting that already and compare that to the madonna vaccine you. back in cape town, piot hotel launches, still hoping more. dana comes on board as this would speed up the process. madana has announced a pate and waiver while the pandemic is still ongoing, but afterwards, no commercialization will be possible without its approval. we would like to have the voluntary license to be able to charles of this technology to other learned, middle income countries, to use the platform for other vaccines. h i v tv. a bo law flew this hub and,
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and the capacity capability building here is, is, is beyond cove. it. so this, this in fact is part of a strategy for, from africa to produce 60 percent will vaccines by 2040. so this is part of building an industry to day. most vaccines used on the continent are imported average in at his papa's aim to bring the 1st home grown products to market with him. 3, yes. ah, another big story this year was the conflict ne p o p, which has been going on for more than a year now after the government 1st launched a tax in the northern region of to grey lost mill. hi mr. abby asked me, it was used intervention from the international community, insisting it was an internal matter that would be resolved within days one year into the conflicts. miss daphne, who is
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a no balconies prize winner was on the front line. that's where i can see and it has been difficult to get the real picture because journalist are not being granted full access. but we know scores of people have died in this conflict rights group, say, massacres and atrocities have been committed. it's also a match that rape was used as a weapon of war. earlier this year, did of you, reporter, in ethiopia gained access to the was own and sent us this report. well, you may find some of the content disturbing. she's just 20 years old and she's a rape survivor. now she's found refuge in the safe house integrates capital mckelly here more than 20 women are trying to deal with their trauma. they were raped by soldiers. so was she assaulted in her home village before she fled? an algorithm, it's odd that they came to every harrison enforced the men to leave and i heard nothing. i was left inside in my home until then they repo,
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i'm our 3 soldiers raped me him after they left me, i fainted. harder because i was bleeding. so much because his mother to them them for some women come here from the cities referral hospital. most of them are suffering severely from the violence that are woman who have rectal pro lupsi. women who have bleeding will have pain in their stomach. girls who are not terrible psychologically, the psychological trauma doesn't actually only happen on the victim. it happens to you as well when you hear their stories. the to grey people's liberation front is battling the tube to national army. i'm hara and every trend forces. i also believe to be involved fighting alongside the government trip and the killers. survivors accused both if you pin and every train
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soldiers of raping them in a single month, the city referral hospital has received more than $150.00 rape cases. several women had come to get an abortion. this woman is over 3 months pregnant. she was raped, well, trying to walk through a family home outside of mckelly. linda fighting, started doing that for that reason, didn't try to scare me. sure. we don't care about you. they said we only listen to our or do i didn't say anything. after they've done what they wanted, they left. i put my clothes back on and took all my bags and went to the hospital. struggling to cope. doctors have been pressured not to make the cases public, but one gynecologist did speak out. it was there, it is very, really the last day too many girls are getting but not allowed to have sexual smith and he lives with us that the sort of these are the really
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directed to grace into them. government has promised to investigate the cases. it says it is boosting the regional police force to try to bring the perpetrators to justice. but many women are still trapped in their villages. so there's great concern that the majority of rape cases remain unreported and that they are alone with their trauma. now in south africa, civil unrest in 2 of the countries biggest provinces rock the country, the riot and in luton, was sparked by the jailing of the former precedents to consumer. but it was fueled by the western poverty and inequality in the treasury. now, christine, wonder you, are they in all got action? tell us. that's right eddie. i mean, i have reported on a lot of protests in south africa, especially pertaining to service delivery, where communities come out to get the attention of the authorities asking for water . basic services, but this was something i had never seen before. and what it did is it opened
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a conversation in the country about the levels of inequality. it's something that we all know that in south africa, you have wealthy people, super wealthy people, and very poor people are the people. so right people looked at those images on the television screen. and so the africans realize this is not something that we can continue to read more any more at the fact that there are so many people going was out on a day in the very same country where they can see excess wealth. and so that was really some of the, that the powerful things that came out of that, you know, just listening to this national conversation emerge, people demanding more from the government. so while the world was, was looking at what some people reduced to peer criminality and south africans realized that, you know, there are a lot of people in the country that are going without. and among those, of course, yet people looting flat screen televisions, you would ask ok, what does this have to do with you? going to be hungry at night that you also so young girls in this particular struck me young girls going in to take basic items like sanitary pads. and that tells you
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right what the situation is for people. one of the main reasons also for one of those go on was because former presidential consumer was in prison. that's right. and this is really what spock, that because the former president was incarcerated. he turned himself in and literally hours after that, you had people assembling a different parts of the country in these 2 provinces in as it was at all and in the province. and it took hours and then you had the masses, the mob's rating shopping centers, and at the key areas, factories, et cetera. but the rest of the war president also sort of came as good news. it was welcomed by lot of people because what it showed the country was that nobody was above the law and that had been a long prevailing sentiment. this is a country where corruption levels, especially at government level, are exceptionally high. and there is just the feeling that people get a slap on the wrist, and that was it. so mr. zoom was in fact, it was effectively incarcerated,
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jailed for refusing to appear before the probe into corruption during his time in office. so people saw that and felt, well, he doesn't even respect the law. and so when he went to prison for refusing to appear before that prob, and that really gave a lot of south africans and renewed sense of hope that there is a justice system that it is effective and nobody is above the law. that was really the message there for people and they hoped, and people told me that we hope that people in office today will think twice before they get into dodgy deals, stealing money, getting into those corrupt into deals that have really crippled the country. now christine climate change has been a mother big topic this year as a world experience as some of the most extreme weather parsons on record from intense rain fall flat. some heat waves and greenhouse gases from human activity like burning fossil fuels on generating electricity, are contributing significantly to these hazards. that is right, say m j,
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africa has been responsible for less than 4 percent of global emissions, but it is by far the most vulnerable region to the effects of climate change. and experts predicts that most parts of the continent will experience much dryer conditions. that's already the case in parts of kenya. northern can you to be specific which have not seen rain for more than a year. this as dw correspondent mario miller reports. these mothers have walked for hours to reach this health placidity. they want to have their babies checked. some of these babies are severely malnourished, and their mothers were breastfeeding them. haven't been able to eat properly in weeks. now they are being registered here. the south facility and they hope to receive nutrition supplements. one of them is eddie quino, his upper arms to come friends, shows that he is severely malnourished. his mother has only eaten mace meal for
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weeks now, so her breast milk doesn't have enough nutrients for her baby. i don't know what it is me, great pain. my baby is 2 and a half years old and he's too weak to stand up. health worker, gracie lamar has seen a stream of undernourished children here in the past months, and there are many other children who remain without help. are there no decor center that's due to distance? not all malnourished. children come here because of the distance we can't reach out to all of them. it really makes me feel bad. hulahan. nearly one and 5 young children, and mercer county are considered malnourished. life in the arid region has always been hard. but now marce a bit hasn't seen rain for whole year. climate change is said to be partly responsible for that. and it's the children who are suffering that is
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a strong relationship between climate change and the man nutrition. and especially if already did, they asked me my leticia, then it t escalates my increasing the numbers and also embassy, the etc. the frequency and severity of droughts in this region is expected to get worse, due to climate change, a disaster for local pastoralists, their livelihoods depend entirely on their animals. this camera heard a tells us he's been looking for water for his camels for 2 days now. in vain. and these women often have to wait a whole day just to get water. now there's less water flowing out of the tab, and that is the day they cannot spend searching for food. that is when food is
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available at all. selina melissa has hardly anything to feed her son. he ever did this painful, but i have to accept it. i can't feed him properly to give him what he needs to grow and the young mother hopes the reins will finally return. stories like us already difficult to watch any, but it is important that we remind people that climate change drove even more and more people from their homes in africa this year as changing with patterns and natural disasters like floods destroyed people's livelihoods. now a lot of attention was on world leaders and the commitments that they would make to address the crisis. but we, we spoke to young people in africa about the action that they would like to so, so that's why christine, we want you to hear from one young woman. we met at a cop 26 climate conference in glasgow identity love to see from nigeria,
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set up an initiative in her home country to inspire young people to protect the environment. now she told us why she feels so strongly about young people play in an active role in combat climate change. yeah, it's very important because i've been seeing that i'm making bringing them in. also, no doubt we'll be in the family. and i believe that if you don't know that the problem is, is you can't solve it. so yeah, you, charlie does that. we need to jump. your mom never shows. and that is why we need to bring them up. so maybe through, i mean that he had an, a boucher, but i cannot believe just how many coups and attempted curse we saw happening on the continent this year. they were coups and guinea in a year in chad and in malia always suffer. correspondent frame of when you travel to many of those countries and he was in nature which is besieged by islamist
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violence in itself and western regions. and there he found that children were among those bearing the brunt of their insecurity. hundreds of thousands of people have fled their homes there for safety. yeah, unfortunately, christine, by those who stayed back often can't access urgency, wanted to and assistance. we are hindered by increasing g. hardest attacks. did abuse west africa correspondence. fred was, when you traveled with unicef to e, come for displeased people in all am one of the regions affected by the violence. oh, it's lunchtime, but some of the children are not eating. now. that is not enough for everyone. so they take tons the days when they all get to me is a good day's talk only. well when i, when my father was alive, we had enough to eat and we were grateful to god. but now we don't have enough food . always the wife that she that was being raised just by her father.
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when terrorists came to her home 3 years ago, she saw how they tied him up and shot him. she was just 9 and couldn't winecoff. they pushed my father in front of the shop and then they killed him. you know, they left our neighbor tied up and just left you the whole home. that's when ha and course tift in. taking her and her sister's along with he's find me out of the region to this camp in while am she would like to take them all home it easily. we need security. we can return to work in our children, go to school, won't them, and hospitals confidential eve, the military good potatoes in our villages. our library would be much better pebble when the family has been here for 30 years. that's
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a quarter of russia does life. they are just a few of the millions across new zed incomes. like these cunningham, the un says more than 4000000 people need humanitarian assistance imager, more than half of that number children. but there is limited access to these communities due to the rising freight across nature. without foods, shelter, and education, especially for children. their future is at stake. kids like these, i getting best call from eunice if it's appealing for more than 100 me and us doris to fund the work in is yet, but there is no for medication. for a sheila and other children at the camp have around what i want to be a doctor that i it my real desire. my father used to help people when he was alive
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. amy, the people here suffering without health care came up. so i want to study and be a doctor bill of that will become more difficult for ha, there, august. she's stuck in the camp without being able to go to school or yeah. so you can tell that the young girl day as a dream of what she wants. that's right. yes. right. and this rain is the future of a continent. she is the future for content. exactly. and the step in the right direction has to be made when it comes to retain and looted artworks to africa or the people in the republic of been in. i've been celebrates in their return from france of 26 artifacts. sterling do in colonial times. that is right, this safe latricia is in food thrones and tow tim statute is that were looted by french soldiers more than 150 years ago.
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and other countries have also announced that they will return onward after camp. jimmy's new government actually wrote that in the recently signed coalition deal. that's right, and that's how we wrap up this special edition of d. w. news africa. we'll let you revo in some of these magnificent promises. we'll see you next time. i for now happy holidays. thank
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ah with with
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who the country is vance distances? ah, the views from the windows hinted them and went to the passengers expect when they disembark,
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riding the rails across mongolia. an extraordinary experience. 15 minutes. the w. o. we got some hot tips for your bucket list, magic corner check hot spot for food and some great cultural memorials to boot d w. travel off we go. imagine how many portion of love us are now in the world right now. the climate change. if any, off the story, this is life less the way from just one week. how much was going to really
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get we still have time to go. i'm going all with his subscriber all morning. it was like welcome to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and an after 911. he says after $911.00, the clubs came off. where organized crime rules were conglomerates and make their own laws. they invade our private lives through surveillance. hidden opaque, secretive. what's true? what's vague? it doesn't matter. the only criteria is worked. we'll hook people up. we shed light
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on the opaque worlds who's behind benefits. and why are they a threat to what's all opaque worlds starts january 5th on d? will you? ah, ah, ah, this is d. w. news light from burn lane. the pandemic overshadows another holiday season. as the only con variance spreads people celebrating christmas to face with the choice of taking the risk of seeing their loved ones or going it alone for a 2nd year in a row. also on the program, master 5 sweeps through a fairy and back.


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