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tv   REV Spezial  Deutsche Welle  December 25, 2021 2:30am-3:01am CET

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27 percent the platform with, you know, or this channel, we are not afraid to happen. delicate because population is growing. and young people clearly have the solution. the future belongs to a 77 percent. now every weekend on d. w a, a what the forest logon in congo have to do with the growing camera population in mogadishu, and shrink in seek ross me do in portugal,
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all region. the answer to that question at others is coming up in the next 30 minutes. welcome to echo africa. i am chris, the lamps. report in from lee goes nigeria and sandra to interview hello from compiler. here in uganda. hi there. i can name at least one thing, the police, both issues together. they all are related to dramatic ways. our environment is changing. also only show this week. i want the democratic republic of congo is doing to them. we have a position and how that countries environment minister trying to protect the country. for it. once symptom of climate change is that droughts are becoming longer and more frequent. according to the word metro, logical organization. drought has claimed over 650000 lives worldwide in the last 50 years. life store keepers, i especially frightened by droughts, goats cows,
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and commonwealth can survive without water. in somalia, some common herders have found success by book in tradition. the it is breakfast time it the bid are coming from on the outskirts of the somali capital mortgage issue. one or 2 animals have found something to chew on, but they are all pretty hungry. all eyes are all the activity at the age of the enclosure, in the heaps of freshly cut grass leaves and to test to morsels for the english, but also vital to their health. these nothing to breathe on the cindy ground, a son of did our man serv. via is the fund manager, a head this size typically is more room to room, but space year is limited. there are either tomorrow or your or color.
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you face so many challenges when you bring candles to the city, general know too, and also has the animals need to be trained to leave on the small area cobra. so that requires a lot of patience and experience the all the other challenges are finding enough food for the camels in the city in ensuring the are provided that things build geared from the desert. see the nerve who we are all, all high. finally, the gate is opened yet in the enclosure that is more than enough for everyone. that wasn't always the case when they had had to scrounge for food out on the open plains just as camels here have done for centuries. or what duncan, good or you, would you really, my dear, when the draught struck the countryside? where camels traditionally leave, there was nothing to graze on and a short fall offering. it forced us to move our animals here to the city, all. so the larger no, are so highly. so malia is one of the countries here,
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particularly hard by climate change. persistent drought is slowly destroying the traditional grazing length. the vegetation is dying back, and water holes are drying out even camels, which can survive long stretches on very little a dying from thirst or hunger. the despair filled bear who st. ibrahim was seen in other head as is growing. by the day their flocks are shrinking. become old simply cannot find enough to eat in the bushland of the lowest billy region in eastern somalia. running february, we heard us talk a lot about how to get our candles away from here and find new grazing areas because it hasn't rained in so long. drought is everywhere. if it gets worse and we can't be dar camel's, we'll have to abandon them and go to the city to civil children and ourselves. carry on the milan. many somalis are moving to the capital to escape the effects of climate change. mogadishu population has doubled,
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2400000 people over the last 20 years. it was in that growing market that her son abdulla months, abriya recognized in opportunity soft alcala, in turn, co dot com. another reason, the growth of camels to the city is to provide fresh milk to the people who live in mogadishu and its surrounding areas. in the past, people have to go to law areas to get it or not. now we can deliver it freshly, milt right here in the ne board annual about his own obama on his looking is done every day in the bed, a candle from much to the displeasure of the young calls. but business takes precedence. was it i ali, our little logo holligan, alamo dollar. we sell one liter of our com, no milk for $2.00. and i saw how the album my head also i tie, we normally produce 900 to 1000 liters of come know milk every day of school,
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day 9 on playing on by the lawyer. hey, allison. normally if demand is high, we increase all new production to meet the needs of our customers and clean on lead are commonly curbside of all the all of the fresh milk, if immediately loaded up in taken to the city. restaurants in hotels are important . customers come oh, milk is very nutritious impact would be to means making a popular not just in somalia with business who me the better cardinal thumb can afford to buy concentrate feeds for the animals. it's an important way of making up for drought related food shortages being the camels to the city. his turned out to be a good move, but not everyone can afford to do the same. so instead was same ibrahim, or same plans to move on with his camels in the hope of finding enough food in water elsewhere, or what is a precious resource,
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it's essential for survival. so why do we wish so much of it? now think about the mighty congo river in the democratic republic of the congo. it's one of the words, deepest rivers. millions of people depend on it for their livelihoods, but it's been polluted at an alarming rate due to paul waste disposal. as we'll see in the capital kinshasa more rubbish than water. that's the state of almost all of the cone goes tributaries in kinshasa. and every they, the mountains of waste continue to grow, because almost every one disposes of their rubbish. along the small rivers and drainage canals that criss cross the city, organic waste and plastic bottles suffocate life in and around the water and plug the waterways cause in severe, flooded during the rain season. it's
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a situation that horrifies the names there, bela after learning about the damage caused by plastic waste in his meteorological science course, he founded and environmental and g o 2 plus a teacher, so on out. but with the, the rivers in kinshasa are polluted with run off from industries with plastic ways to ship plastic. we plan to clean up the rivers by collecting plastics which are then turned into our object that, that i intend to start a business that will help to protect the rivers. so me, i business, we'll put this in here. and he's using a lot of imagination to do it. elaine sir, baylor knows his initiative, can't solve kinshasa, his overwhelming waste problem. but he sees the decorative optics made from the plastic waste as a step towards raising awareness of environmental probably decades
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of conflict, rapidly growing population. and the lack of investment of all contributed to the cities failure to develop a function in water and sanitation system voice 15000000 inhabitants in 2019 the government launched the kin better projects aimed at making kinshasa cleaner and greener on the last saturday of every month. kinshasa citizens are encouraged to clean up their neighborhoods. $300.00 trucks are deployed to collect garbage and transport it to landfills on the outskirts of the city where it's burned. still, the project only scratches the surface. according to official figures, the city produces 7000 tons of plastic waste every day. but environmental activists like a lame sevilla,
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r undeterred by the task ahead of them. even if it has to be removed. one sack at a time on legs rebuttals comes from the democratic republic of the congo, which is home to the 2nd largest room forest in the world after the brazilian amazin lost tropical forest covers about 60 percent of the r c. for now, that is white crease. it is a disappearing. fust, over 15000000 hits is have been cleared in the last 20 years, partly due to the dubious license agreement. but these forests valuable couple things. one, however, not only for the year a see bond with a global climate equal africa spoke to the countries environment minister to find out what is being done to talk with his problem and others. think
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it all, let me double cartoon here in the democratic republic of congo. the best way to protect forests would be to provide more people access to electricity and not just private household. second communities on the whole need alternatives to burning wood for energy going broke. and that would include was mall and midsize businesses . ne dupree think them why and i could pre unit proprietary, which will, did. i'm like home simply go back to the village where i was born and tell folks they had stopped chopping down trees. it stopped burning wood. charged, they must be given an alternative that, that, that's your given, we're waiting on funding to implement the change that will allow us to develop land for large scale, productive agriculture. he knows a lot at the moment. just 14 percent of the congolese population have electricity
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lately. it was that we can increase that to 70 percent 3 solar power generated by the sun that shines above us squarely, but also from bio mass and wind. power is energy acted like the contribution that should go a long way towards protecting the forest law or pay just your fees or my life? what a all of our preferred chris you're. i laugh what it. thank you. give your new lad my we here and the d r. z. sacrifice ourselves if and refrain from exploiting our oil reserves while the good of the environment you and what, what do we get in return? because if we choose to protect the environment, that's not only good for the d r c. it's good for the whole world. since forests store c o 2 emissions and help preserve biodiversity. who yeah, even if it, if someone makes us an offer, we can weigh up our options. if the deals right, we can say okay, oil stay in the ground, we don't need to exploit to you. we have other funds, other means of survival, mathee or profit, but without an alternative,
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we can't afford to pretend we don't know it's there. on back one you think the law on c ascii diversion. we must quite simply act in good conscience nor that what we know there is the problem with pollution and we know that for us is can absorb those carbon emissions upwards. that's reason enough to preserve and protect them. his invasive board, marcia the global north with a well the industrialized countries, the g 20 as well as the newly rich possessor. 80 percent of the world's g. d. p. io 30 is, are couple of they have the means to do something with what is all him. why? yeah, it requires a willingness to comprehend, to realize that if we don't take care of our forest to spin all the industrialization in the world, will lead us in no way that something's on because of temperatures rise by 345 degrees celsius will all cease to exist, existence is not eligible for this rad anthem. in
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portugal, all gov region researchers, i'm 1st to get in house, see gross meadows, cobra protected. and the benefit that could have in terms of reducing the fact of climate change. what conservationists see grass meadows are heroes of the ecosystem. home to many different species. they grow in shallow coastal waters and harbour huge benefits for life under water and on land. that's why team of scientists is studying the meadows of portugal, southern algarve coast. to day the team is preparing to dive down to the sea grass beds of 34, almost a lagoon to collect sediment samples in
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a time of climate crisis. carmen santos research is more crucial than ever for months to come. she and her team will be coming back to the lagoon. each trip usually spends several days. the field work includes mapping the approximately 10 percent of wetland that's covered by c cross, which is one of the lagoons most valuable assets. they are very efficient chiral scenes, which means that they can sequester and the store a huge amount of carbons in their biomass. and in the say, the one behind where they roll. and these is very important because when sequestering their seal to and the carbone that is store in their segment, they are helping us to mitigate the climate change. scientists estimate that coastal ecosystems like c grocery store, 3 times more c o 2 than forests at no cost.
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sharman santos. and the team from y'all golf, sent off marine sciences. want to find out exactly how much of those blue carbon is stored? andrea formosa, they've taken about 80 sediment samples over the past 3 years. they slice up the samples and then analyze them. by burning them, the scientists can also, i see amount of carbon. they store the team, hope that their research will convince policymakers, etc. crosses meet more protection because of their potential to absorb seo, to their insides, could also help on the local level in coastal development planning. and on the global stage, the findings could aid efforts to reach climate neutrality goals. see grass meadows world wide on the threat from the incessant traffic of boats and damage caused by
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angus in europe. the scene said, since it sixty's, we have lost one 3rd of the secret males that we have. one of the major threats to see grass is, is dead. the amount of flaw of bolt that we have. because go it 1st the it travel very fast with just create said big waves. that he, it's the markings of channels and day it roads there. they caused the lug there while the seddy men were there. some march on the segatus are growing. water pollution also threatens see growth species around the globe. stricter legislation has served to improve water quality. andrea formosa, which in turn, has helped to see grass bates to recover. and that's benefited one of the lagoons, most iconic inhabitants the see horse. their numbers have dropped by more than
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90 percent and recent years, primarily due to illegal fishing and the destruction of the habitats protective zones and artificial structures like these has been set up to help see horses need something to cling on to just panama, the driving force behind the see horse project, he's studying the relationship between the animals and c. grosse as well. those areas are highly productive in terms of food and as an appetite. and even if the sources don't use it directly, it was in the indirectly as it produced the food that later on. they will feed on small frames the small and people and all these food that is also provided by the ponds at the research station where george palmer works
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it's feeding time for the c horses that the team breed. here, palma has been studying them since 2007. some of them will be released into the waters of re a formosa. it's a start overly. it won't be a futile measure to support what's left of the current population of carbon santos and her team planted seek ross in the summer now that trying to track it down to see if the plans survived. though cameras can't capture them. divers can spot them within naked ice. you a vase doing this? and it's great to see that they it works. so we'll see how it happens in the winter and health lead, sir. it goes well and we can see plaza growing and his breathing across
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the globe a conservationist sa, focusing on replanting c crosses. like here near the spanish island of ma, georgia. it's tedious work. the young plans are sensitive and the growth is slow. but recent studies point to a reversal of the decline of secrecy and europe assigned that protection and restoration efforts can make a difference. according to a recent study by the aid organization, eunice, it was white, more than 1400000 people live in areas with the high water insecurity. among them are 450000000 children. that is one reason why an initiative here any vendor is making foods as available in schools and that will private households to bring water closer. this is the nike valley refugee settlement in western uganda,
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130000 people live here. 6 years ago dina been to fled the democratic republic of congo after rebels killed her husband. in ocoee valley. the lake is the source of water also for drinking for livestock as well. but the water is full of germs. every year, 20000 children under the age of 5 die in uganda of diarrhea disease. one major reason is that they have no choice but to drink dirty water. heat kills germs. so dean and i've been to boils the water, she fetches from the lake. she has 5 children. when i began, we boiled drinking water using charcoal, and if we don't have it, we use firewood. otherwise we will be drinking very dirty water. that comes at a cost to the environment to make charcoal trees are cut down. forest also had to be clear to make space for the settlement, but there's another way to provide safe,
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clean drinking water. south be room g and henry athena run to. so fisher a social enterprise that makes automated low cost filters. this set up cost $1200.00. the money was donated by somebody in the united states. it supplies enough water for about 900 people out of 830000 in the settlement. but it's still a start. there were that passes through our field, that is the water from the lake. you can see this is the, the original water from the lake. and then after 8 buses through the filter, this is that is out that we get out of the wounds. he lost a brother to colorado. he drank contaminated water, access to clean water is a human right to sufficient aims to deliver what the state fails to provide. it also developed a small water filter for home use. issue to use is grenade. to,
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to purify the water, we have 2 buckets. that took bucket contains the granite and then below bucket is air is above for this if water. so they power dow and it took bucket and then they all filtration happens in their grenade. only water and air gun is skip through the grenade and only safe water goes into the reserves. opposite of yanna shows people how to put together their own water filter. the granite needs to be cleaned every few months, then it can be reused. remember, we didn't have been to is intrigued if you feel to water this way. you no longer have to boil it or by charcoal, which means lower emissions and costs. and there's another advantage. every time we stole anastasia filter, we train that women around the community to make sure that they have access to safe
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drinking water in their homes. and they can also go and train either people or, or so mecca, this would have filled us then so them and an extra income for themselves. so to be room g and henry athena installed the 1st large filtering system using granite in central uganda. in a school near the capital, kampala, several 100 pupils now have access to clean water and fall sick, less often. digitize, safe hasn't have anything so has helped me a lot because i'm no longer suffering will pay for it. and even i stuff, i only pay for it and i was like, i don't even go to school too. so fisher has quantify the impact that use of its filters has on the environment in terms of trees protected and c o 2 emissions the la. yeah. we save the atmosphere over at least $240000.00. so i bought new york said, for each filter, unloading godfrey's federal grant whenever to sufficient installs
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a large filter system in a school. the teen plants marine ga trees with the pupils about a 1000 in all over the past 2 years. oh that nike valley. dina, and i've been to, had since acquired and started using a water filter. she put it together herself. miles, you know, the water from the filter is clean and usable reality. i'm very surprised that this is the same. also. it was originally dirty, up to cows and people had contaminated it, you know? yeah, mile thanks to the, to sufficient filter. she and her family stand a better chance of staying healthy with less effort and at lower cost. however dirty, the water in the lake continues to be. bats eat from us to day. we hope you enjoyed this with sure. if you've got any thoughts or ideas about environmental protection that you'd like to share with us, please do get in touch while social media platforms will need sandra to know what
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is a good buy from compiler? here in uganda. see you soon, sandra. it's good bye for me to wishing you all a wonderful fest the sea said, take care and stay safe. i am pers the lamps signing off from lagos, nigeria ah, ah, with ah, ah, with
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