tv Der Tag Deutsche Welle December 27, 2021 11:00pm-11:16pm CET
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in those days i climbed the steps of the earth between the gruesome undergrowth of last forests until i reached you matches. beecham high city of stepped stone cradled in you like 2 parallel lines of lightning and humanity's cradle in a wind of the mother of stone. foam crown of the condo, high above towering clouds, mysterious and remote life, much pitcher. no account tells of this city. no european, no spanish conquistador ever found the way through the wilderness of the obama valley. on the july day in 1911, the u. s. archaeologist and historian,
hiram bingham, accompanied by a native guide, was the 1st to make his way along overgrown incur paths. skirting the steep mountain slopes. at the top, he discovered the ruins of a long, deserted city. overgrown by the jungle. was this long lost vehicle number? where the incas had hidden their gold from the spanish invaders, not a single goal artifact has ever been found. no one knows who lived here, nor why the city was abandoned. wolfing is suited the city, which according to bingham, was known as much u, p. t. u old mountain was built in the mid 15th century during the heyday of the inca culture and the inca empire. much you, pete,
you was planned down to the smallest detail. the architecture mirrors the 3 tiers of society. on one side of the houses of the nobility with the palace and the temples, and on the other, beyond the central plaza, the district for the scholars and the artisans. below them to the south are the houses and terraces of the farmers, including store houses and sheds. inca cities were hierarchically structured, both internally and externally. the stone used to build matchup picchu was carried within the city limits. there were regular masons guilds, with architects, master builders, experience construction workers, and gangs of unskilled laborers. similar to those that build europe's medieval
cathedrals. the inca houses reflect the societies class distinctions. unlike the artisans houses, the walls in the scholars quarter, and especially in the palace and temple, are built with incredible precision. each stone was shaped to within a fraction of an inch. the inca builders used no motor, and even today, their dry stone walls are unsurpassed. an attempt at a reconstruction. the gabled roofs were covered with straw which rested on wooden beams. the beams were fastened to stone supports with ropes made from plants.
the farming terraces they were filled with soil brought up from the fertile little bumble valley. there called an dennis, hence the name of these mountains, the andes, the terracing makes artificial irrigation easier and stops the valuable top soil being washed away. ah, these terraces probably didn't produce enough to feed the entire population of much pete, you. many sites have been found within a radius of 5 kilometers, which were used only for farming. the farmers must have been meekness, members of conquered tribes forced by the incas to be settled here.
oh. ready these reconstructed buildings were used for storage. next to them are sheds for the lammas which would have transported the harvest. bingham excavations, not only provided insights about the way the incas lived. they also presented new riddles. the whole known as the motors, for example, may have been used for astronomical purposes. at certain times, the hallowed stones were filled with water, taking the position of the windows and the direction of the sun's rays into account . it may have been possible to make calculations for agricultural purposes a sick and serious use that the priestesses used the motors to grind plants and
minerals and make dies for weaving, and pottery. ah, ah ah, ah, nobody knows whether an inker ever rude in match you, pete, you. the word income means the only one, the son of the son, golden silver, which represented the tears of the sun and the moon to the incas were often used for sacred purposes. the religious artifacts demonstrate the high level achieved by inca craft workers. ah, back to the motors, the locals tell another story about them. the 2 motors full of water are supposed to represent 2 large open eyes yearning for the sun and the sky.
have been used to carry the blood of sacrificial animals to the ink as the candle was a symbol of freedom of the air. the temple of the sun is a masterpiece of inca architecture. it seems set into the rock like a condos nest. from the semicircular tower, the priests could make astronomical observations calculate the solstice, or determine the precise position of the sun, which played a vital role in religious ceremonies. sun and moon were at the center of all the incas sacred rights. the semi circular wall surrounds addressed block of granite, which resembles an altar and was presumably used for sacrifices at the center of matches. peach you lies the palace, the political heart of the city. the beauty and precision of the stone walls show that the priests and nobility ruled here to day. we know that the blocks were
shaped with bronze and stone tools, and then ground against each other until the pieces fitted like a jigsaw puzzle. the trapeze shaped door and window openings are typical of inca architecture. they were important for the structural stability of the openings which were often surmounted by blocks of stone, weighing many tons the sacred plaza is also known as the enclosure of the sun. to the south, the house of the high priest to the east, the temple of 3 windows. the incas believed that infinity was reflected in them
to the north. the open front of the main temple. beyond the main temple lies the ceremonial hall. the interior walls contain 30 niches. it's assumed that an oracle was consulted here to ask the counsel of the gods. the voice of any one speaking into one of the knishes is magnified and can be heard throughout the hall . the religious center of natural pitcher is the mount where the people bowed to the sun known as in t. what dana, it's main feature is a sacred stone which resembles a some dial the inca word into what dana means. the place where the sun is fettered . astronomers, priests and teachers use the some dial to calculate the course of the sun
throughout the year, the months and the time of day, although we don't know what astronomical methods were used. the end of march. you, pete, you remains a mystery with the fall of the inca empire. the decline of the city was probably inevitable. after that, it didn't take long for the jungle to reclaim the houses, temples and walls, and then the inca city of natural peach. you slept for 300 years a with