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tv   Doc Film - Can Books Save the World  Deutsche Welle  January 7, 2022 1:30am-2:00am CET

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ah, in many countries, education is still a privilege. hummadi is one of the main causes. some young children walk in mind troughs. instead of going to class, others can attend classes only after they finish with millions of children, all over the world can't go to school. and we ask, why? because education makes the world more just make up your own mind. d. w. made for mines. ah, get down, it's not about whether we need the wilderness. we can also ask, what does the wilderness need us for them, or if you walk through
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a forest that time to baz links, isn't wolves today, you realize that you're not at the top of the food chain in yesterday. the 1st few nights i was often a bit scared here on the edge of the forest. i saw 2 eyes glowing in a hollow. i couldn't explain them. okay. ah ah, when the corona virus pandemic broke out righty. lena's high, flynn was desperate to get away out of berlin. he fled to the countryside. ah, then living in solitude, he had
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a surprising realization. he shot the canal. no for not to wood. i had no clue about nature of issues. you couldn't say i liked nature either, but i didn't know the animals. for example, how does this? i didn't know the bird station or that i could see that it was a bird's only got that, but that was really, it was last week. maybe i could identify a great hit or something and i and i had no idea what kind of animals they're worth, my mind lame. so just being here alone without distractions, these animals took on a certain meaning for the 1st time in my life 3 in to see a big i started getting interested in them versus what kind of bird is that? it's a mentioned, is it male or female? this emma, do i keep seeing the same one seat or are there several that looked the same like how soon i actually started to get interested in what was in front of me with da, sweetest nature, even though i'll do you not to iceland? school friend has a small cabin in the woods beyond o'hana book and can see north of berlin.
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he spent weeks and months living there alone. a kind of cautious mutual observation, developed. the animals watched the strange man. the man watched the strange animals . yamaha want to see the temperament that they have different temperaments goes for example, among the birds. there are huge differences between both inches and not hatches that they have completely different mentalities like italians. and i don't know icelanders barely the both in is our sedate and quiet, all they look around, feel they don't move that much. and so under is the nut hatches are constantly excited. that the sis as soon, that's how it is august indian their individual to sing, but it's like they also have different cultures or mentality. soto mentally thought me. ah. the experience inspired lenise high. flynn spoke. i'm stuck mench
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invite as city dweller in the forest. iceland uses the pseudonym h d. weldon, a reference to the seminal work by american rice, a henry david thorough the writer finds himself in a parallel universe. his previously only heard about nature. he's shocked and a shame to realize how little he knows this world, surrounded by unknown creatures. his perception and sense of time begin to change. sounds that are frightening at 1st, like nocturnal cracks snuffles or creeping, become familiar. he realizes that humans are not alone. there's a whole world out there. ah ah.
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in an estimation of the 1st few nights i was often a bit scared by liam valden here on the edge of the forest. i saw 2 eyes glowing in a hollow. okay. i couldn't explain them. see men? she looked too low down to be human geography, but kind of too high for an animal. we're done on off to go. then there were the sounds alarm yet, which seem much louder when you're here all alone fee loud, much louder than they really are. yeah it's, it's in i'm so i was a little bit scared. we've got this from dr. essex. miss long's ah, what is nature? what do we mean when we use the word? where does it begin and end? what should we do and not do to protect it? some answers to those questions can be found in the upper li, sasha region of east and germany. here, decades of late night strip mining,
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turned the land into a mean scape of barren aff uncontaminated water. but now it's the size of a large scale environmental experiment and life has returned unexpectedly quickly into santa susanna. see, it's interesting to see that they're crossing the trail of them here in the walls. territory the day have to be more on their god. on the cement the wolves are they, predators, and predators themselves often light to move a long trial. that's why this is a great example of it. why would a wolf walk beside the trail where it's hot on what i did on the trail? everything is firm. it's feet don't sink in so much. so the animal uses less energy . oh, where is pray? animals will often just cross the trail that i'd like to move along them. what's monique's will gamble on close? aah!
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launch parts of this region are they were critically referred to as post mining landscape. it's also wolf country. 20 years after the 1st modern wolf, citing, there are now more than 50 packs in the states of saxony and brandenburg. and they are spreading across germany. the predators come back also spells the return of a form of nature. humans had forgotten how to live with wilderness. the question is, can it still exist in a modern, densely populated germany, in the heart of europe? of was had can also, as i'm plot sometime with the wolf has just as much right to a place in nature as any other creature people. we can't always think about it in terms of positive and negative. i could say for me, the wolf is a positive because i run nature tours. my people come and want to see the world, the one and for a shepherd, it would be a negative. that's the wrong way to look at it. it just doesn't work that way of
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the wolf is there period thought it has a right to be there just like me and the shepherd and so on. we have to figure out how we live together for them. when the excavate has left apaloosa, shes opened cast league night mines, leaving behind massive slag heaps. authorities tried doing something new, nothing. the maltreated earth was simply left alone. it wasn't a miracle that brought nature back to the region that many small miracles. first came some pioneer plants and insects followed by more and more species. to day the li station lake district is home to unusual animals and unusual people like caston niche who wrote a book about his journey from coal industry worker to nature guide them thus far from each of them puts us as which but now it was a process formation, angling, i'm from this region,
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my roots go back to this old ethnic rudolfo. i've watched the villages die out and that's what affected me the most at the beginning. it was terrible the way this landfill vacant down to the excavators went, wouldn't one. what ended up happening was i moved to a little village here in the area near where i had worked. and i decided to go and look at the edges of the old strip mining area on to see what the landscape was like. now. i'm on charleston margie's lunch after not come on on the hottest as somebody who's a high leave and i had this aha moment me. when i got up to a high place like this, something i saw that there were loads of small water holes filled with masses of toads and grassland birds. all kinds of birds like left wing lodges, laotian, it was crazy. how much was going on? and for the 1st time i realized that nature could reclaim this place in the fina tools. so we'll go by and come in many places, a concept of untouched nature has become a romantic fantasy. humans are everywhere and have largely pushed nature aside.
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around half of europe, species of trees and freshwater fish are endangered, as are a total of around 60 percent of all protected species. but even in densely populated central europe, true wilderness can be found. even if opinions differ on how to define it. austrian wildlife photographers, christine is on villa and mark cough have spent. he is traveling through europe's national parks and protected areas. for them, wilderness isn't only untouched nature, but also respected nature. they are observing the re introduction and natural return of predators to european forests. today they've come to southern slovenia to photograph one of them, the brown bear. again. oh, go and pretend to be the bat and feel just when you're not in frame yet. cole. nathan is selves been off the rocks on his interior systems clearfield. i grew up
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with the animal stories and films from the serengeti, from africa and north america is a little shy. it really is a shame from the point of view of a nature filmmaker not to be able or allowed to tell the stories of central europe's animals. besides, the very personal happiness you get encountering bears wolves, or lynx is, is also the urge to act like a sort of p r agent for european nature, for the people shouldn't forget that there's also a wild life behind a house on the outskirts of berlin from hor in the outs in south to roll, and those stories can and should and must be told younger sister absolutely. will. salvador son, villa and coff spectacular photos make the animals themselves ambassadors for their species. at the same time, the photographers are documenting the successful re introduction all resettlement of particular animals. like scottie, the lynx, who was picked up by
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a camera trap in the snow of austria's limestone alps. the female links is now the cover girl of a book whose title translates as the wild heart of europe. in it, photographers and all says, christine is on villa and mock cough go in search of central europe's primeval forests. they still exist in austria, germany, switzerland, northern italy, slovenia, poland, and slovakia. these are forests left to their own devices where rivers flow freely and we're big predators like wolves, bears, and lynx is, are now slowly returning. how is the process going? how much wilderness can central europe tolerate? how much does that need? and while forest without lodge predators like the wolfy on the bed and the lynx fill somehow empty,
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that's what we've learned and risen. isn't that hungry and as beautiful as nature can be? it seems incomplete. without lodge predators, unfortunately, we know this because we've gotten to know the parts of central europe that are to exaggerate a bit full of bears. like southern st. lavinia are full of wolves, like lucia in germany, or lynx, is like in our homeland austria or dr. luc santander. her modern research is this lisa. it's hard to describe since it if you walk through a forest at home to bez links, isn't wolves in it heightens your senses and maybe you realize that you're not at the top of the food chain. oh though, actually in the case of the bear, it's not really true because the european brown bears here a mainly her before was helpful plants office of they're really not out to proud humans because in many still believe that when you walk through a forest, there are a wild animals everywhere, ready to jump out from behind the next tree to kill you. well, and that's not true. i had these animals are always careful to stay away from
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humans. suppose that includes the big predators and even europe's largest predators . the brownback for mental counsel height. for a long time, the largest predator in la sasha was coal mining in his book cast in neat rights. nothing and no one could stop strip mining. it asap the land and everything in it. it was like a black hole, not in space, but here on earth. at the time, people couldn't imagine life ever returning to these barren landscapes of mining waste. but nature found a way we do not really sure the bus route are to wicker overdoses. vet sort of resurgence is no problem for nature. nature has been doing that sort of thing for thousands and even millions of years right now. earth and it's landscapes are constantly changing. we're come, i compare it to a volcanic eruption fund. but when the volcanoes dormant the slopes are full of growth and people might even settle their work, then there's
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a major eruption and everything is gone again. i think a lot the landscape looks as hostile as another planets all, but it won't be long until the landscape comes back to life. that's what's happening here too. i'm going to going on guns. can also it sounds too good to be true. turning a barren wasteland into a natural paradise just by doing nothing. but it's not quite that simple. this animal haven is still dangerous for humans. 60 percent of the mining lands are now forested, but much of the land is inaccessible. it's too dangerous and unpredictable. ah, it will continue to shift for centuries, and large areas could slide away. it won't stay as it is now. after all, landscapes are always dynamic when viewed over large periods of time, muslim to listen, but one going to say we have to decide what we want to find at some point after
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thousands of years on this like would get more and more clogged by water plants on by animals and so on to what it would turn into a bog, and that bug would eventually so top, and one day they'd be as far as too much. of course that takes a very, very long time on monday, should we have to decide what we do, we permit that process? do we allow nature and landscape to keep changing or good? or do we want to maintain its condition in order to keep certain species in these areas, hutton and isn't species like the praying mantis which is considered extinct in germany. in the last century, only isolated specimens have been cited all the read the eater. seeing them return and seeing a research and german wilderness would be a huge success and ecological terms. but is it actually necessary of get around if the home of the of it with paulson? well, it's not about whether we need the wilderness. i mentioned that's thinking about it from a human perspective on what we needed for. we can also ask,
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what does the wilderness need us for them? but because we're part of nature, we can see that the question doesn't make sense. it's obvious that something like wilderness has to exist and it will definitely do us good. but above all, we have a responsibility now because we've developed to such an extent and we've been constantly trying to destroy this system, which works very well on its own common and which has evolved over millions of years. for the justification is always that 1st we need to think about jobs or this and that, and eventually we'll get down the list of priorities. but at some point it will be too late. and then nature may very well show us our limits under, at some point that's going to happen with of perfume and alice drive south of slovenia capital louisiana is an area home to one of the densest brown bay populations in the world. nearly 1000 bears are said to live here in an area twice the size of luxemburg. their numbers are growing. the best could spread out into
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neighboring countries, but roads and densely populated alpine valleys block they weigh what's missing is the willingness among humans to make migrations possible. of impressions look fresh tracks, communion thinking oh orca. so you can see there were drinking and i think i'll be definitely a bare as mute ish. voluntary also has the really exciting and reassuring thing is that nature is coming back by itself. one example is the, was in germany, lungs, and another is the bears in southern slovenia. you know, they're returning without human interventions. right now. it's just a matter of finding a way to exist together and demand from as owls colinza is keep going. it's conceptual. when there are already ideas that links the economy and nature conservation and it, and they're working with being homeless, capped off by
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a classic example, is a soft tourism or eco tourism, and which aims to make nature accessible to people with active bisman. this works especially well in less economically developed regions where there's no large industry warning. bon scott walls clinical will signal thinking. for example, in the high tantra mountains between poland and slovakia. the brown bez here are a veritable tourist magnet with 50 animals, drawing millions of visitors to one to the national parks trails every year. if that kind of coexistence works here, surely it can work elsewhere in central europe. in that book, some villa and cough imagine a europe of protected zones interconnected by green bridges that allow large predators to migrate forests would be left to grow wild,
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and the forestry industry would largely stay on the sidelines. in the end, it would benefit every one. for home in middle hope and at sea are feeling the weakness. we don't have very much real wilderness in central europe, but we visited quite a few of these places and they all have one thing in common. it's always cumbersome, or the path is always arduous or impossible. the steep, rocky, or blocked by a fallen tree. older paths are flooded. and the me, that's the real core of what wilderness is, the uncertainty that nature can bring up the looping, and i think the impetus in europe in the last few centuries, has been to eliminate the uncertainty to tame nature, to know exactly what to expect in the foreign obeys wells and any right about that . if we leave nature alone, will everything work out for the best zone? villa and coughs, book argues that we should no longer think of wilderness as something that's only far away. their photos show the almost unearthly beauty of nature. they right,
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we must stop seeing it as a consumer good and a backdrop for fun. we are the last generation that can still reactivate wilderness before it no longer exists. a co hoopa, serafina johnson, vineyards, europe has many opportunities to become wilder again that there's even a relatively young conservation movement with the english name re wilding, via the idea is to give momentum to certain landscapes that have the potential to become wilder. again, we're still to help the process along tracking the filters on the for example, by leaving dead wood where it is in the forest. when we're allowing rivers to meander more freely. again, it does when from soviet of it's a way of withdrawing again as humans, as and allowing nature to follow its original impulses knocked, isn't it? yes, impersonal, the idea is spreading more and more in europe. ammonia in our hope,
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hostile python nature doesn't have to be spectacular or exotic to earn the right to exist. re species are good, but having many species is better reserves and national parks are not a panacea either because people have to live somewhere in the middle ages. more than a 1000 pounds were artificially created in the loose sasha region, mainly for fish farming, which is still practiced there to day. but this also wilderness business, a movie, each submerged with wilderness as i understand it is everywhere. it functioned, it appears very quickly as soon as we take our hands away and let nature be free. there is a great example in these stones right here on a someone dumped them here at some point. maybe they were meant for construction work on the pond. they've been lying there for several years, and you can see mos, foaming everywhere. if we leave them alone, legions will grow, but leaves will get blown in. hopefully small trees will take root from all the
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seeds that are here. and animals, light, lizards or toads, will use them as a hiding place. a mice will colonize them, and already it will have become a little wilderness and sean untruths. when a crown of rudeness when cast and neat finished school and what was left still communist east germany, his parents wanted him to take up a proper career in the se share that meant working in the coal industry. niche became an electrician at the can up and hold a late night mine despite being drawn to nature. the coal has since disappeared, as has the mind and even the state that operated it. but the nature has returned. his life has come full circle. your unbent, you like to run up because as with all good women, it started when i was a child that really get more of a phone to my bicycle around here, which is. and of course there was always something to discover had known. it would always meant i became more aware through my old mentor and ornithologist in the pre
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cut probably cuz he worked at a factory making cobra cat sooner. so he was also involved with collins. and if i thought only to login or to a photograph in his spare time, he was a bird watcher and photographer who would have moved at some point when i was a child, i heard about him and saw his pictures blocked. after that, i really stopped him because i was very persistent. eventually he took me along and we cycled to the ponds. he showed me a few things. i liked the basics of identifying species and bird calls. i learned a lot from him, which dumont philosophically miller. we often speak of getting back to nature, but we part of it. in his book, coslyn writes that while he was reading about forest animals, he looked up an entry for humans. it turns out we're happy to rinds. strictly speaking, wild animals that cannot be domesticated. to day humans are the most widespread
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mammal on the planet that was once the wolf, his return to central europe. we await with mixed feelings. ah, we long for seemingly untouched and wild nature. does that stem from a longing to rediscover the nature in ourselves? these authors have tried to answer that question in their books for their own sake, and for the sake of their readers. for the cold of a home at this moment was him. while the reason why we do what we do is simply because we find these natural treasures that we have to do, even in central europe, to valuable viet who ignore viet for our stuff is yeah. unfortunately, not blue versus jewish marker is i don't just want to entertain people to of course i want to make a difference. i want to show people the beauty of nature. i made them see how
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important it is that we understand it with us for, and that it's important how we behave and that we respect nature and maybe that we become a bit humbler again. that's weird. phil ashby, that was the him. of course, that's a big ambition, and it's what i want to convey with my book. i do not read ahmed my book transportation ah ins, cuz i'm, i'm sorry to say that overall i don't think books can change anything. a book might change something in the individual in one individual reader, but even that is asking a lot, feed them. mm ah ah
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with ah, with ah, it's one of the most polluted waterways in the world. that shatara river in indonesia the rivers waters are contaminated by pesticides and industrial
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waste, which has devastating consequences with environmental activists are fighting for that. she doesn't stand a chance in 15 minutes. d w, she feels like a foreigner in her own home. elisa meisner as a russian german whose family was exiled from moscow by stolen at the age of 71. she is still fighting for reparation for that injustice. but with rushes recent ban on the human rights organization memorial. her last hope for health is fading. focus on europe in 90 minutes on d. w. o.
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green. do you feel worried about the planet? we to i'm neil, host of the on the green fence both cost and to me it's clear. we need to change the solutions or out the join me for a deep dive into the green transformation. for me to do with ah, welcome to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and an aftermath of 11. he says, after $911.00, the clubs came off. where organized crime rules were conglomerates make their own laws? what's true, what's big? it doesn't matter. the only criteria is what will hook people up. we shed light on
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the opaque world. who's behind benefits. and why are they a threat to us all opaque worlds this week on d w a? ah ah, this is day double the news line from berlin. the january 6th attack on the us capital one v on in a speech to the night.


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