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tv   In the Crosshairs of the State  Deutsche Welle  April 3, 2022 5:15pm-6:01pm CEST

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talk story. western leaders have condemned to parent atrocities committed by russian forces in ukraine, ukrainian trips, moving back into towns and villages previously occupied by russia. i've uncovered hundreds of civilian deaths. many victims were brutalized. you're watching d. w use of next a doctor takes you to the indian city of long by and will be back with the latest at the top of the i left if you want to. you then stay informed. ah lou and on demand podcast and language courses, ah, video and audio any time anywhere with the d w media center. ah,
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ah, ah, mom, by on the west coast of india, one's called bombay. this megacity has become india's economic powerhouse. the city's population is exploding in 1951 move by had a population of just 3000000 to day. that number has skyrocketed to 20000000, and it is only increasing. and as space grows scarce, hundreds of high rise as are being built mostly luxury apartments for the super rich. but making room for these new buildings means tearing down hundreds of hector of moon by slum barbara, do bar is a contractor. so if it's such a beautiful view, you still have
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a lot of slim slums left to be dead. ah mon, by is a city both hungry for success and struggling for survival. for many, this mega city is the embodiment of the indian dream. ah, moon, by india's economic and financial center. over 20000000 people live here. traffic dams sometimes stretching for kilometers, spring city light to a standstill. millions commute by train every day. however, the city's railway system only has 4 lines. during the rush hour stations become very crowded
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with the platforms are filled well beyond capacity mostly with mail passengers. as the train every morning, vin, it a young accountant who spends 90 minutes commuting is here in a minute with you need to elbow your way through just to get on the train with empty seats are hard to come by. it's very exhausting. every day you have to find her way through the crowd. because sometimes you can't even get to the door. sama pushing in others and pushing their way out. sometimes i
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have to like 2 or 3 trains go by. the fans are not powerful enough. it's almost 45 degrees inside but despite the crowding, these insurance clerks, lawyers and bankers are in a good mood. a we're enjoying every day. it's not that difficult. we're enjoying our journey. i. it's really warm this morning, but that's pretty normal for us. doesn't look like it but just because this commute is normal or routine does not mean it is always say, accidents often occur when passengers try to cling to the carriages or are pushed out of them.
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with this woman could have died. fortunately, another passenger was able to reach her a vin, it arrives at his destination. when you get the worker, you are exhausted. yes, very exhausted by that. i need half an hour's rest. when i get back with every year around 6000 people lose their lives on the tracks and will by
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some years, a fairy miraculously survived in the ninety's. he lost both legs in a tragic accident. mm. there was no food already. the stations entrance was fully so i crossed over the tracks and slipped i. fortunately, i was not lying with my upper body on the rails, and suddenly a train came and ran over my legs. and now we followed there. some people took me to the nearest hospital, fidel, so they stopped my blading pretty quickly and saved my life. they were false in my life for sale. ah some years a ferry has been campaigning for a safer train travel ever since i did these trains carrying 3 or 4 times as many passengers as the legal limit city sought. i burst off, i'm demanding that old trains have doors that remain closed during the journey
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doors and glad to rossi and other a 2nd leaf. and i'm fighting for free medical care. in case of accidents is paid by the government. orders been for your horse from got away. the city is building 3 more lines to improve commuting conditions. but there are even more challenges ahead for this. megacity dorothy is a slum right in the heart of lum. bye. it is considered the largest slum and asia. i nearly 1000000 people live here on to square kilometers. the power grid is weak. water is only available for 2 hours a day. and there is no sewage system.
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ah, poverty is everywhere, but the robbie's locals have adapted to these conditions, developing their own infrastructure. ah, these workers use the limited space, they have to disassemble cars and tiny workshops, or tailor clothes going just a little farther. mahash is 27th and grew up in de robbie. this morning he receives valuable goods, plastic canisters, i think a little i. mahash makes his living from the waist, plastic of the megacity for which area is or mom by used to be really fell
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fi. but it's, i was cabbage in plastic waste all over the place where he sent me go. now we're cleaning it up. i gotta get a, we collect the bottles that are thrown everywhere and we recycle them. got his recycling business has 25 employees for 200 rupees a day. the equivalent of just under 2 euros. they sort the plastic waste by color and type why for the white plastic bottles, for example, we get up to 20 rupees per kilo. but with that we pay the wages and bills. i can even put a little of it aside with how much i like to have now. once it's all sorted worker shred the plastic by hand for the equivalent of 5 euros a day, they do not wear protective clothing. the end result is a granular that is delivered to wholesalers for further processing. oh yeah. well
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you guys done, you're lucky or is anything left to him? there are thousands of recycling plants and da robbie. most of the city's plastic waste gets sorted in the slum. now you got the body to ravi is actually quite big. lots of people live here and run businesses. they raise their kids and take care of their families. it's difficult for businesses to pay taxes. still people manage to get by my hash earns the equivalent of 500 euros a month. that's pretty average in mom buy. but it's around 10 times as much as in the rest of india. he lives with his parents and this 5 square meter home idea. tough living conditions, but it's fine for mahash. bundrum. i didn't i trouble ticket. we have
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really changed this neighborhood for the better. we used to have wooden walls here . now we have real brain, like we took out loans to build this house. we have water, electricity funding, everything we need to go to put her mahash and his family own this entire building. they go up to the 2nd floor with a ladder and a rope. ah, ah oh, you may have some nice flow is also part of my building. i rent it out as long as people walk, they live here and pay us rent. you know, is it workers also rent the 2nd floor? mm hm. there's a sewing shop on the top floor. his rentals bring in the equivalent of $200.00 euros a month. the robbie's small scale businesses generate the equivalent
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of more than $800000000.00 euros per year. with the robbie 1st garnered international attention as the setting of the film, slum dog millionaire. it tells the story of a young man who becomes rich after appearing on again show chip. the film success turned to the slum into a bit of a tourist attraction. for many travelers, it's a unique opportunity to pick up some locally made products like in this leather boutique. the bags on offer here carry the de robbie brand name a 2000 to one with this tourist is from china. we're here 1st american normal commercial area and i
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replaced last minute. i'm surprised by the bucket of been it yoga room. i've been to the ally of being around a hush environment, 835082500 mississippi was zoned out via accepted god. all of you to every bible with emron is proud to sell his neighborhoods brand. i saw little murders, son, different type of so it's like a small scale industry. people are not doing good. i'm here. people are doing struggling, young is looking for those. i said the odds are by same like that. and we thought was if you feel better and also that i'll be back in the future, these are double blank, michael gall joomla jew double down in modal m, ron employees,
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40 people a tan and die the leather in is everything okay? emeralds father was started the family business when he came to mom, buy in the 19 seventy's hoping for a better life with on the board. ma'am, i worked very hard. that's just the way it was. my hands hurt a lot of it. i couldn't sleep at night. good mobile, i was very poor dogs. i ever saw
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rubia. i came from a village and only had a 100 rupees with me. but with hard work i achieved all this. may i the average lou. the family moved to the top floor of this modern, high rise building and 2016 right in the middle of the slum the price, the equivalent of 300000 euros for 70 square meters and a good view val. maestro bedroom for my father and my mother, and we have one small, one bedroom for me. here. i sure. are you see the declaration? i do understand very hard working on it. for me, this whole emron and his family are among mom, buys privileges,
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few. they have running water you have a wonderful while while warm her here will be the dream. good. yeah. marlin, the young entrepreneur is proud of belonging to the small circle of mom buys elite warsaw. the celebrities are marshal. 0100 is shown. are living in don't feel emotionally because there's lots ultimately. so it is a sign also says we bought a life to live to and leeward is i do more when everybody to live, you know, so of the whole, the whole and one by the higher up you live, the richer you are down below the city is choking on air pollution,
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the noise is incessant. but for those living above the city, there is only silence. when you can afford a penthouse high atop a skyscraper, you get peace and quiet. ah, good morning. that's good for london. babylon pharma is a building contractor. he lives in this 250 square meter luxury apartment with his wife and 2 children, have time to eat. the domestic staff served breakfast every morning, some st facing each other. talk a little bit. babylon pharma is originally from rochester and northern india. he settled and mom by in the early 2, thousands like of such is my family business. so my father,
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my 4 father, there's a history, i think we are, we are in this business from last under the us. so the, if you will go in the design, you can see the big palace is so that made by my great great grandfather and how and why did you decide yourself from 2 ways, a growing city and a we all want to grow and is a, i think the opportunity will be, is huge. the entrepreneur built his 1st residential tower in 2003. today, he is involved in countless construction projects across mom by i know he takes time over to the se, mentally. we are losing a lot of high rise buildings, i think and as a group with my partner. so we are going to fight with being more than 50 story
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according to you. is it the message to been the higher? yeah, it is unassisted because we almost spacing moon by i told you the other piece i did some water. so if you wanted to grow the city, the population is increasing every day. then you know, other than wait to walk on in. ah, in order to create more space, the entrepreneur is taking a radical approach, tearing down hundreds of hector's, of the slums. wow, so just we're starting demolishing this. it is pushing to the place. definitely come after one year, boyer later the builder for building will be here. mm. his goal is to make the door robbie slum disappear. so i think a viola lost the about the thought of the slum dog millionaire. it is hot in the city. busy oh, if your heart is a little bit more love and love,
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it looks like a day. then you will not as a city, it look live in look life ah, the headquarters of the construction company with its 800 employees. it is one of the largest companies in india to specialize in slum rehabilitation. mm. folk is to follow valley sales to via hotel blue. today they are discussing one of their biggest projects for the just like i said, this is up and running are below the top part is still missing. everything else is ready for my district to really have out of luck with up and off. that was the school is a problem. we have to take care of that. but before construction work can begin, the company must convince local de robbie residents to leave their homes. great
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labor in the process of clearing out $65.00, hank tans of this land. on our mixers project, we will build shopping centers small. busy offices and apartments in that place and i it in map we are said it'll be the one man out order. hundreds of actors of slums in total have already been demolished. discuss a little our compensation was interesting, but we're not finished yet. okay. ah, life protected from the outside world, murat, do par, is managing director of the construction company. oh, so what i'm looking at is how much of the 80 of your been able to clean up and how much is to left? there's a lot left. so if it says a beautiful view, you still have a lot of slender slums left to be good. however, the developers are required by law to find
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a new homes for the former slum residence. basically it's a scheme whereby you basically want um, the sum of people, the good papa houses were built proper hoses for them and do you have listed then when those houses? so what happens is, and linda land, you have some houses with submitted for them, and some houses you build and said, so that is all poor people, good houses for free, and by law, the remaining part of the land you are able to make houses. and so what do these apartments look like? the company has another redevelopment project and burly a neighborhood in the heart of man. ready by 3 luxury towers, 250 meters high. ah, meanwhile, the former slum residence down below live in cramped, dilapidated properties with only a few square meters of space. ah,
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no one can this 2nd them lego and got via by 1st we supported the developers bubble of armor and his colleague hamlet, but they have not treated us fairly. as i said, it's been 12 years or, and almost nothing has happened. we still don't have a road a garden. i don't know. it's unacceptable. is a cumbersome. despite the many promises made by developers, there are still no school rules or stores. only construction sites have been no one feels responsible. who should we turn to? very good guy reba. annoy suddenly own car, the companies press officer interrupts the interview with this satisfied residence airing their grievances are frowned upon. filming will only take place on the upper floor under the press officers watchful eye. when he chooses a family of 6 to live in to 29 square meter rooms free of charge,
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i am assuming that the camera team would not understand him. the press officer tells the father of the family what to say on camera. oh yeah. yeah. what are you married? no, thanks. not for me. i'm diabetic. oh every say. when i was my son's age i grew up in a slum unit over with my parents. did the advanced to give me an education. and now i want a comfortable life for my children. i well yeah. now he's already. why did the man repeat what he's been told to say? huh. jimmy always hit when i was as young as my son. i lived in a slum today. we live in a nice apartment gone. thanks to own car i. life is better now. we live in a good neighborhood and my son will also have a good education america on payback jesse ali. oh, if you saw him, he wanted to be an engineer. ah,
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but now he'd rather join the police nigger. ha ha. but not every family is given a flat like this. the prerequisite is having to have spent at least 20 years in a slum. but what happens to people who don't meet this requirement? they are sent to live in a housing project on the outskirts of town, like the one at la lou by compound. ah, 8000 families live in this very small area. and these crowded blocks of flats, even though they were built in 2003, they're already rundown. just outside the neighbourhood, waste water drains into an open sewer. ah,
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in 2013 authorities leveled a section of de robbie. displacing 200 families living there, forcing them to relocate to these buildings. now abdulla and his family of 6 called this single room, home food and i have, i don't. well okay. then they destroyed our home. daniel, we were forced to come here their vanilla nickleby without he, i'm prepared when we got an eviction notice. doral, florida van brazza down. abdul ran a small store in de robbie. today he works as a courier and earns only half as much as he used to them and for day we don't feel as comfortable here as we did in dorothy this family of scrap dealers, missus. their old neighbourhood,
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2 or 3 generations share this 29 square meter home. this is where our family lives. this is our room, and these are, are things we're done with. her sardar is furious at the authorities. i have 9 kids now. bob here and my parents, my brother and his wife altogether that 1617 people. i mean, how can we live in a place like this? so on and where do you all sleep? okay, so with 70 percent of us sleep under the bed and any others on the bed in the kitchen where they space drug regular, it's not easy. puffery gave her enough, but renovating the slums doesn't put an end to the misery. it just moves it elsewhere. and january of 2021. there was a surprising turn of events, contractor, babylon, pharma is arrested for fraud and embezzlement. people
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from all over india, move to mom by every day. many find work in the cities winding back alley. they work as barbara taylors or in foods don't i didn't and some of them as food delivery, cyclists, ah, delivery services have been popular for more than a century. ah, shankar works as a double wall long. he like 5000 other double walls throughout mon buy,
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delivers lunches, ah, exit, and i live with, i am getting lots of babylon as have accidents. i don't want a lot of you do i just, i got that right. of course that scares me. i've been dead out of them. very lucky especially with this crazy traffic law though navy dorothy moon. never. ah. as soon as he gets the bags, shankar meets up with his colleagues. comedy empties, take the full ones. let's go. ah . each of them has a specific delivery route depending on where they're going. they swap baskets and keep track of each other all without navigation asking you to wear c w law.
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where she w the beginning to worry that she did you either. hailey had our country, they mark each bag with a code of numbers and letters. what i, what i yeah. most stop a wallace or illiterate, but they can decipher the code. yeah, i'm doing these containers. come to me. i have to remember the numbers like this one there, 7 to one them we know where it's going to remind me of, oh, oh, the double wallace coding system is so efficient and well structured that it has even caught the attention of researchers at harvard university. has put anybody i was carrying 30 kilograms and 45 degree heat means that every pedal stroke is pure torture. but these double walls know how to keep themselves motivated.
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i day and he does it. this accountant pays the equivalent of 10 euros a month for shawn cars, delivery service. why have your food delivered? i got on is killing burgundy. will house winds that happy to make it our 1st order? it's fresh, warm, and very healthy. so there is we are very with i got kind of a b shankar makes the equivalent of $136.00 euros a month or whatever come on when missed the train vendor id it, which is just a quarter of the average salary and mom buy but double walls do not simply who is this challenging profession that they inherited from their fathers?
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a by the order of the i though. okay, well you got my letter and that was my grandfather did it that, that my father and today it's my job. it took my dad just a few days to show me the ropes. shankar and his colleagues deliver $73000000.00 meals every year. mom buys residence, keep many of its traditions alive. and yet this megacity stays squarely focused on the future. mom buys constant growth, has pushed the city limits into nature, preserves in northern mom by this urban expansion has already resulted in clashes with local wildlife stretching across 100 square kilometers. the san jai, gandhi national park,
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is surrounded by residential neighborhoods. these homes are now encroaching upon the parks boundaries and so leopards roam through these residential areas at night, passing buildings and crossing through parking lot with a tax on dogs are common. but these animals also pose a threat to human brandy job has been tracking predatory cats in the park since 2014 the phone. we're tied them up over there with ron g is a wildlife photographer, so the photos will be perfect. hey,
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kids pictures are seen around the world. he and his team go through the recording taken by this camera trap on. so this is a leopard common a female go on, go on. stop. the footage reveals just how brazenly leopards wander through the community. we have more certain 4 pages or, you know, pictures. we filmed people walking right where a leopard had been just a few minutes ago. they had no idea of what had gone from the these leopards prowl around these neighborhoods, igniting fears among locals. blue, the airy colony neighborhood is located right next to the park. here. a family of 6
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lives in constant fear with true, but to car works in the forestry office. i can hear i need to talk to you guys will be buying from the kids. i have to tell you something very important. when it gets dark, you can't go outside to play, especially you little ones. i don't know, but things don't always go as planned to put a sample of it. busy to look, government shot, it was a fit which i think you can tell your kids 100 times, not to play outside. i mean you, but sometimes they won't listen. we'll get, i keep telling my kids, but they don't listen. it may go to the city. government should install street lights to keep the leopards away at night. did the city no darling, you know, didn't i have a gun when i gave them the street lights also have to walk up if you are because we've already been telling you for a month and a half that we have seen a leopard in this area and so fun, nothing's been done when the one of our yep. rec,
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our colleagues tried to calm him down there. got up with that a got of a law. we will definitely take care of the street lighting issue late may, i will not, but you'll need to take care of things on your end too. especially if there are no lamps, i will get the children have to come home by nightfall or a residence. prefer a more radical approach. you have to put these animals in cages. i have you thought of what the, what they could do. you want to wait until one of these laptops attacks a kid before you do something? no, but they can be. but if we look up the leopards, it doesn't mean that others when come the city is ordered to set up a special unit to take care of the predator for a cat. on to these bend off by hand, we hit the slum. concerned residents have called in operations manager santoyo
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wagner. that way i run around and attack dogs. if i go up ahead a little further, the group approaches with caution with. but if you move your toll chill, see the eyes flash really the cold them a little higher. those on dogs with like that was the dogs. at the eyes behind him. those leopards. i, despite the danger they encounter a man running out to monday, how's idea? why are you working alone in the dark? if you're out at night, you should always have a stick with you. more home, i'll go, michael brown. i usually get off work between 10 pm and midnight. but of course i get scared when i'm walking, but i don't have any other choice. sabre. burge, ok, you have to make some noise then the lip, it's run away. i got,
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i got programmer that go behind, but i'm just here to build on. after a few minutes, the silence returns. i got up my. i make them showered for buddy, our friend liquid santana most did a small of and then like dogs and joe bagged, i got the bucket for from they usually harmless to us and got caught death but especially adult. oh my goodness, it burger barker. bimbo. are a favor from am for la. ah, the rangers present seems to have driven the leopards away. their dogs. so keep going with despite increased security measures, leopards killed 159 people, and the state of maharaj draw in 2020 a record number. ah, this is how new to val and his wife lost their 4 year old daughter.
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this is right where it happened. this is where the letter dragged our daughter up. the hill with him. when he does so forget ah, dar shawnee had been playing in the dark in front of the family's house. her parents found her remains just 10 days later as was given to a lincoln when we found parts of our daughter's body. her hands and her legs made wheels so found her head. she was wearing nail polish. that's how we identified our daughter in a funny, if a dog box i immediately panic and close. the doors on a leopard is just an animal, but she was our daughter. oh, my dad leopard is still out there. moved to val has lived in a constant state of fear ever since peter began with that of okay. if a dog box, i immediately panic, close the doors and don't let any one out yet
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a dish out there again this year. so yeah. okay. the family is still devastated with of cool celebrities just trying to survive. it's an animal that it, but she was our daughter being oh, there is a sanctuary for leopards in the middle of sanjay. gandhi park. ah, it looks like the cage is not fully closed, but everything's okay. mac ashmore a looks after the 15 leopards captured by his team. each of those animals attacked a human ah yes, restriction that therefore by they called an epic in this cage in national ada
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solano because it attacked people blasio, prosecutors then brought him to our facility. this was already done. the all of them killed children. yes they did. ah. and adult leopard weighs only about 60 kilos, but it is an excellent hunter and can easily take down prey, weighing up to $150.00 kilos near the city it hans mainly livestock or domestic animals. mucus, mora attributes these attacks to the regions rapid urbanized ation goblin. why they don't do them? a lot of people can get hot in these clashes with wild animals. yes, those are all of this used to be covered by dense jungle. we should not be invading their habitat audience and mom by this
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conflict is coming to a head. the wild animals are adapting to their new reality. their numbers are on the rise when it is impossible to stop mon bye, from expanding so rapidly. experts project that it will become the most populous city in the world by 2050, with a population of 40000002
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. a fighting for protection with one of the most detailed wildlife synthesis ever taken in kenya, because it gives us a status of the health of our ecosystem. and i'll buy a diverse how science and technology are eating conservation efforts. eco africa. in 30 minutes on d. w o ah, they will say will make the genesis, he'd just love and batting things away from that. but i'm not going to have to work my own car and everyone with later holes in every day
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getting are you ready to meet the german? enjoy me right, just do it on d. w. not just another day. so much is happening all at once. we take time to understand this is the day and in depth look at current news, events with analyzed by experts and critical thinkers. not just another new show, this is the weekdays on d, w sometimes a seed is all you need to allow big ideas to grow. we're bringing environmental conservation to life with learning facts like global ideas. we will show you how climate change and environmental conservation is taking shape around the world and how we can all make a difference. knowledge grows through sharing and download it now for free.
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with . this is dw news from brielle in the world condemns the parent atrocities by russian forces in ukraine. ukraine government says it's troops taking the anti key for this evidence of torture, abuse, and hundreds of civilian deaths. also coming up missiles hit, the strategic port of odessa, the city wakes to explosions as thick black smoke filled the sky.


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