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tv   Shift  Deutsche Welle  May 14, 2022 11:15pm-11:30pm CEST

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was in the ninety's minutes from a free cake which nearly all been headed in lapse clenched forth place under trip to the champion. it was, he did all the news of next ship, explores how the power of global takes corporations is being curtailed, weld wide. the latest news coming up again at the top of the hour from me and the team. and berlin, thanks for watching. we've got some hot tips for your bucket list. ah, romantic corner chat hot spot for food and some great cultural memorials to boot d w, travel off we go. it's not a question of whether the next crisis will come,
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but only when and how the media will deal with it. how can we stay focused on what is important? shaking to morrow, now, exploring opportunities for media professionals in times of crisis. the global media for june 2020 to your ticket. now we've all heard that when something is free online, we are the product and big tech companies have gotten rid of of our data, but many say they have also become far too powerful. so what can be done about these data giants? that's our topic on shift today. ah, big tech companies collect user data, analyze it, and then use it for their own means. this provides us
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a lot of comfortable services, but it's also allowed these global companies to grow incredibly rich and mighty. even in the u. s. people are now saying that google, amazon, facebook, and apple or gaffa, have become too powerful. but what does this mean exactly? the global data collection machine may seem to be out of control, but controlling its leavers are the heads of google, amazon, facebook, and apple. we indirectly pay for free services like google maps in whatsapp without data. every click purchase or like we make gets collected and analyzed by tech companies. this allows them to better understand that uses and other companies to create more targeted personalized ads. the gaffer group has become infamous, not least because of their cutthroat business models. they take the profit they make on their respective platforms and use this to buy other companies to take over
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new market areas, not jack competitors or higher top level professionals. over the past decade, google and it's parent company, alphabet acquired more than a $120.00 companies facebook around 80, and amazon around to 90. this makes it harder for uses to escape the clutches of gaffa. take facebook following the popularity of instagram and whatsapp. facebook bought both companies and thus eliminated them as competitors. bob then this google, which has often reeked search results to favor its own services. for example, if a user wants to buy something, they may 1st want to compare prices and will likely be led to the service google shopping. if they then get forwarded to a retailers website, google gets a provision. meanwhile, competing sites like the german e d alo, i ranked lower in the search which puts them at a disadvantage. we see
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a similar situation with apple. it used to be important to have a store in a prime location when you were releasing a new product. these days, if you're releasing an app, you need to pay apples to get prime listing in its app store, which gives apple sway in which programs uses install on their phones. amazon meanwhile is no longer just an e commerce and cloud computing giant. it's also one of the biggest media companies in 2019 amazon invested $7000000000.00 into music series and films. and that was before it board m g m amazon's india division is currently in trouble. according to reports, it's systematically copied items sold by 3rd parties and then rigged search results to favor its own products. the problem is that amazon is not just a platform, it's also a retail itself, and it competes for customers on its own platform. one woman who is fighting big
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tech monopolies is lena com be entered. ross scholar and law professor was recently appointed the chair of the u. s. as federal trade commission, and she's got big tech worried is why some call her the wonder woman behind a new wave of anti trust lance lina con intends to break up america's tech giant. but taking on gaffer is no small feat. con was born in london to pakistani parents . the family moved to the us when she was 11 years old. now 30 to conquer, up with the internet. and she skeptical about the huge influence, big tech have on society or the financial times of culture, a legal one day kent and the new york times described her as a celebrity in the corridors of washington. in june of this year, she was sworn in as chair of the federal trade commission, layla's part of a movement. the movement is absolutely
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a threat to google facebook and amazon, as we know them today. lena khan is the youngest chair present in the history of the u. s. as top competition watchdog and she lungs in the need for a change in washington. back in 2018. she said the fact that these dominant platforms, google, amazon, are now effectively serving as infrastructure for other businesses. and that creates a relationship of dependence. but in addition to serving as infrastructure for other businesses, amazon and google are integrated and all these other lines. and that puts them in direct competition with the companies rely on their infrastructure. she was previously at the open markets institute where a mentor of hers, barry lynn still works there too. she researched how anti trust laws were failing to check the power of big tech. the group of thinkers back in the late seventies
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early eighties, they just changed the rules and they made it easier, far easier for people to make monopoly, to concentrate power. so it's kind of a one to punch, change the rules, and then you have a new technology that rises up in this new radical lead. different world corporation like amazon 30 years ago would have been outlawed mostella last. you can publish amazons and antitrust paradox. in this article, she argued that just because the new technology amazon provides customers with low prices, it should not get a pass on anti competitive behavior. these days can, has become a sought after interview partner. she is a key figure in the investigation of how big tech abuse their market power. and she has clear views about what can be done about it and why we should all care. there was a very clear recognition in the legislative history that in the same ways that concentration of political power threatened democracy,
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concentration of economic power. also threatened democracy. user data is worth billions information about who we are, what we like, and even our illnesses and fears is the oil that fuels the diesel economy. it's used to help customers, edwards, and sell products. and more and more aspects of our lives are being digitalized. so much so that global data amounts i expected to increase to $175.00 that a bytes per year by 2025 for reference. that abide has 21 zero's. it's a 1000000000 terabytes. at the moment, it's mainly the tech giant's profiting from these huge amounts of data. china's rulers think this should change the countries communist party is restricting the unchecked expansion of chinese take giants so that it can profit from data. the chinese food delivery giant made one has been fined. in october 2021, it was ordered to pay more than 460000000 euros. china's state administration for
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market regulation, van mae twan, had effectively force to provide as to sign exclusivity agreements with the platform and thus violated anti trust laws. it was not the 1st chinese online company to be penalized. the e commerce tighten ali baba was hit with the fine equaling 2400000000 euros for abusing its dominant position in the market. and that's not all the payment provider ali pay is to be broken up. the plan is 4 separate lines up to be created and part of the use of data turned over to a new joint venture, partly owned by the state. all of these measures a part of beijing's crack down on chinese tech firms, as the communist party wants strict regulations. according to a law drafted by china's cyberspace watchdog, government bodies ought to be given access to social media algorithms, which uses will be able to turn off. the secrecy of social media algorithms has
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often been criticized also in the us and europe. but expos worried the new measures in china will lead to posts that favor the potty and its values being pushed. while politically dissident content will be sensitive even more. more state controlled so that online giants on the only was profiting from the digital revolution. is that the right approach or should it be we uses who have control over our own data in a traffic jam at a bus stop or in bed. wherever we are online activities generate data. but what with the will look like if this data didn't flow mainly into the hands if tank giants, what if it were being used for the good of society? i data could help to improve road traffic. it could show where we need more public transport options and identifying which streets are heavily congested, information about which food items we buy could help decide which helps to
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prioritize. scientists at the found over institute and looking into how with a day to market, can be made safer and more beneficial than if i mentioned to someone wants to have sovereignty over their data. they need to know where their daughter is and how it is being process. but you also need to be able to control which companies have access to your daughter and what they can do with it. this is a part of the democratic process because it entails self determination and being responsible for your own data. all been adopted. the cities of amsterdam and barcelona ran a 3 year pilot project that gave people more control over their personal data. for example, citizens were able to confirm their identity in an amp without having to reveal their name or social security number to date, no data sovereignty project has really succeeded. however, a fact which is partly due to technical challenges and shortness spelling,
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further proof loyalty and a new one. interesting area is anonymity or rude among people tend to think anonymity is beneficial because it means they will be harder to identify and can blend into the crowd believe. but it poses a problem for daughter sovereignty. because there we are trying to connect people to their data so that they can profit from it, or to run a poverty and concrete by removing that connection. citizens would no longer be able to benefit from their data because because they're on pilots. so there's his wife, leanne loaf, and his colleagues at the town hall for institute, say compromises may be in order in the light on an ms. your, when it comes to anonymous zation, they could be a weaker and anonymous zation procedure hom. this would ensure that a person is identifiable, but that they can only be tracked by a number. such a process would require a trusted body acting within the ecosystem. tim's mitigate. the researchers suggest that a public data body or institute should be set up between users and spec tech so that
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users can better control the flow of their data. although this wouldn't achieve full independence from facebook and co. it would be a step towards data sovereignty. mm, europe has a plan to re claim data sovereignty, which is the project gaga x. this will challenge u. s. and chinese cloud dominance by creating an open and transparent data infrastructure for the whole of europe. i. it would be amazing if use as not as companies could decide who our data is, chad with, and what purposes it gets used for. when you pay for services like google or facebook, if it meant you own your data. and if so, how much? let us know your thoughts. let's it for me this week. see you next time i
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enter the conflict zone with tim sebastian vladimir poacher, whose victory day parade in moscow brought no sign of the war. and ukraine is coming to an end. russia's leader flown during his car and these weapons blaming the way for his invasion, but wouldn't otherwise. i will deal with him again. a question to rouse craig middle social democrat member, the german bundis todd, who joins me this week. conflict zone next on d. w. mm. geo politics in the wake of the soviet union. what are russians? goals today? more than 30 years ago, 15 soviet republics became independent states. with new freedoms, new conflict, and all dependencies the end of a superpower, the collapse of the soviet union. in 30 minutes on d w,
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a sex phone operator, her her master's thesis on the potato, raring to read a, not the turn on. well, it gets more would that there was from there. you don't you literature list 100 german screen with black female proteins, victory day parade in moscow. brought no sign that the war in ukraine is coming to an end. russia's leader floating his power and his weapons and blaming the way for his invasion. but will the west ever deal with him again? a question to ralph statement. social democrats, member of the german dogs who joined me this week from berlin or aim is not regime change or weakening one or the other countries. but get.

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