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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  May 28, 2022 4:30pm-5:01pm CEST

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in 45 minutes on mm mm mm. what people have to say to us, but me, that's why we listen to their stories reporter every weekend on d. w. hello and welcome to your favorite magazine program. and sure made just for you africa's youth. i am your host edie, mike, a junior, and this is that 77 percent with so let's find out what's coming up. da street. the bay area union fellow housing
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wants to build. yes. society level to lead that by war. uganda young people struggle. you don't want the expression on the line. and when you join the class, teaching gum again, girls, physical self defense with. let's start over in sierra leone, the country civil war and at 2 decades ago are discuss remain. however, life must go on and young and old want to leave that doc chapter behind. sometimes dual progress means we visited the past and learning from the mistakes. let's remind ourselves of the civil war and why memories of bit still haunt cheryl unions . chad soldiers like diamonds and the breakdown of an entire society. this is what characterized sierra leone 11 years civil war. though it ended 20
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years ago, the scars of the bloody conflict continue to shape the society in sierra leone to this day. the war started in 1991. when the rebel group revolutionary united front form to overthrow government that was perceived as weak, corrupt, and incapable of running the country. over 10000 children, some as young as 5 years were recruited into honored rape abductions, amputation killings, and the destruction of towns and villages were rampant in the rebels. find them there to the teeth through the sale of so called blood or conflict. diamonds with the help of liberia them president charles taylor, demons were smuggled abroad and later sold worldwide. by the time the war ended in 2002, up 270000 people had died. and over 2000000 were displaced. an entire generation of youth had been separated from their families. they received
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little or no education at all, and carry the scars of the war. in the aftermath of the war, sierra leone set up the truth and reconciliation commission for survivors to tell this stories and prevent any future conflicts. sierra leonean live in peace today. many say that the underlying cause of the war, such as corruption, poverty, and unemployment remain unresolved to this day. a beautiful thing though, is that sarah unions have now lived in peace for 20 years and counting. and there is hope that peace will prevail to move forward and to live a meaningful life. many vocal use in the country, identifying what's wrong with the our society and are seeking change either kamani and the 77 percent. the base team caught up with some young civil unions in the capital free town. now the want, some of the accounts of the war may be upset in the
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hello and welcome to the 77 percent. the show for africans you this week, we are in the west african country of sierra leone. and 20 years ago this year, an 11 year brutal civil war came to an end. unfortunately, some of the people who participated in that war lost their loved ones and even lost some of their limbs. what children, 20 years on those children now make up part of the 77 percent and we want to find out from them. what does the world look like for them? so we'll begin with muhammad here. tell our viewers what he went through. i was so 15 hours of id, when to regular fact in our town ship, and we went through the voice for 3 months. then our smart into evil, my parents asked me to go outside and get some fruits on my way. when i stepped my kids on the land mice. so much trellis dropped my leg here. sure. i wasn't a voice for 3 good days. was so, i mean that's really, really tough. how do you survive in the bush for 3 days with an amputated leg. it
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was really tough for me. it was our squarely my hands and my knees. what 3 would this? i'm really, really sorry to hear about that. unfortunately, it's more terrible news and we're just going to come to you for a 2nd of fantasy with because what they're describing is not alien to you either having been an ivan, also a teenager that time, nor a while. it wasn't, it wasn't actually and i for the fact that i think it was something to me to 8 i was a child and then to rebuild attacked in kabbalah, where went into the bush with our lifeline or 5 days. i think i get to my mother and then my mother is like, you have to go back and get medication. and, and i went there and i saw a family friend and i went there and i was no way to go back to my mother and he was like, you're safe for me. the kids, you know, spend a night and in that was the night i caught break by him not once or twice 3 times i
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think and i, i was there helpless. i could you nothing about it. okay. well, thank you for sharing that. yes. so let's come to ishmael, please explain to us what happened with you and how you found yourself to be here today, alive and well. so when i was about 12 years old, the war came into my life. i started running from it by the time i was 13, i've been recruited to fight i in the government army. and i fought for nearly 3 years. i lost everything, my life, my home, my aspirations long and short of it, i was able to survive to walked and, and, and i was adopted in a family in the united states. so i left ah, but i carried the burden of the war to me because i felt guilt for having survived . and by the way is smells case and everybody else we've heard from to day. their case is there cases or one of tens of it's estimated that around $10000.00 children
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participated in that war. and the children were talking about a probably not older than the ones who are playing football here. so that gives us a visual but also very difficult to imagine. m mary young. so you are one when the war ended. but your parents obviously who raised you and who gave birth to you were very much, but over this crisis is, is something that you discuss at home openly, has it affected how you were raised it as the effect that a lot of family members that i know directly and what, what we experience is the trauma, the trauma vault. so you would, you would experienced that a lot of family members who are not able to get jobs. they were not able to learn learned skills because the up for mitzi. v is, we are destroyed by the war. let me invite john to this conversation. what do you think is the biggest challenge or the biggest thing that people are still carrying with them from the war? while the biggest thing is to have a conversation at a community level, most of the present young generation did not too, as to war,
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and for those who experience to ward the door of the space to have that dialogue. so i think part of our challenge as emission is having an ongoing conversation about what went wrong. okay. so let me come back her to fantasy here because we're hearing that on the one hand, not only do the opportunities under spaces to speak openly. they don't exist, but not speaking about it creates mot from or even for the generations after the fact where one thing we're good at and surly on is we move too fast. and we pretend like what happened yesterday during happen. and as i, you have people like me and a lot of the people that are bottling up there is a time i become like, so paranoid like any sounds good. i'll just like i went into like i was just black out here ish. my, let me come to you, did you get a chance to get sort of mental health care? after the facts? yes, i did have a little bit of mental psychosocial therapy as they used to call it right after the
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war. i was not the case for a lot of people. yeah. now what i, what i also want to really address is the fact that if you look at our society serial, you know, a lot of us are broken. can you give me some of those examples? what think about social personal spaces, the way people view women, the way people view relationships. all of those things had dis, functionalities had existed during the war. and some of the people who inherited that went on to be parents and raised children. they don't know how to pass on those things to them here. i want to hear from mariam. if the education system is also catering to this, you know, as somebody who says you're facing 2nd generational trauma is, is something that you're taught to school. are you addressing this in your own sort of youth circle as mental health issues right now lots of people, even youth as my age do frowned around mental health discussions, trauma i'm depression, anxiety, they don't want to talk about it. and even i have spoken to some of my colleagues who i study medicine in civilian college of medicine. i will tell you that i don't
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want to studies and psychology or be a psychiatric because everybody my company to feel, i'm a mad person, i'm working with mad people. so let me ask a question that, you know, it might even sound colors to ask it. but i need to have sierra leonean really learned from the wor, no, no, no, no, no, thank you. same. everybody says no everyone is are, you know why? because we pretend like it didn't happen. nobody talk about it, not in school, not in college, not in houses. i in there it didn't happen. marian, you, one of the people who said very emphatically, no, we haven't learn all the situations around the wall. all the effects, all the things that lead to the war i still present, i still have corruption, his hair, utah unemployment, his hair mama, these hair, and even the fact that we don't talk about it makes it more scary. because if we don't talk about this, how do we want to move past it?
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so john, how do we move forward from a situation like this? or what we made is a constructive engagement of young people. let's try to include in the curriculum of schools, the history of the war less drive, but not part of the curriculum. it's oh my goodness, it's not all the schools must have that conversation in the schools or the university for the people go to understand what went wrong. all right. if i could add something to that, there is an adage in, sir, you're, if you, no, no, it was i you come what's, you know, will not, was i you to go. if you don't know where you're coming from, you will not know where you going. less know where we've been, what's there? what's behind a body live with and didn't know how to go forward. if not, we'll go back to that. yeah, i think that's a fantastic place to, and it's very rare that on the street debate we dwell on the past. but if there's something that has come out very, very clearly today is that in some instances in order to move forward,
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as fantasy said very clearly, you sometimes have to look back. thank you for watching the sometimes to move forward. you have to look back and learn from what went wrong to not to repeat the mistakes of the past. now, if you loved that beat as much as i did, you can watch the longer version on our 77 percent youtube channel. don't forget to share your thoughts with us the process. now, as we have just established lenin from the past, it creates the desired future is very essential. so we asked you all on facebook, what can the youth do to build the future they want? let's take the 1st comment from full, i'm strong from to our camera and you say if we successfully, cale corruption than all the was what eventually stop in our continent. that's a good one. that then the koran, jap, mobile, patrick in conseula,
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which is in the democratic republic of congo. you see constitutional reforms, an independent competence, judicial systems, boyd of corruption. well stop this menace. and then a final comment from one get room go. where from peak of valley in kenya, you say, one of the solutions will be for those countries to address the history. that's way people are enlightened of the dangers a war. hence avoiding a repetition of that doc part of history. thus, just their beautiful well said, all of you, the solutions to africa, the problems lie with all of us together. we can help create the future we these f, but that includes being able to speak your mind and express yourself without fear of retribution. why ugandan woman is trying to achieve jeff? that was bel camire strives for freedom of expression on the digital front. uganda
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young people, up a peculiarly affected by internet shut downs and censorship, about the be about to change. if camire gets her way, ah, decided to battery for what rebounding social media instant shuts down is currently a dictate says perfect tool against the people on this continent. it's against an upcoming side of young people. what bracing themselves, they can no longer keep quiet. so you want to hold them, you want, shut them up, you shut the medium, they're using with your social media. my name is rose bell ramirez. i am from uganda, and i am a writer and an activist. i am an editor of a platform called african feminism,
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where i work with african a young feminist to tell their story and their resistance to different systems. their reality is of african women and girls is appalling in so many different ways that we are still far away from findings are ways to agenda equal communities on this continent on the internet has top of the brick battery is the long way to board as the ins, and it helps us fund our understanding of the world by exposing us knowledge and connecting us to people who know different things. all experience lead dualities differently
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that last but he is on the continent have been terrible for us. and in feel, when you look around leaders who inspires you, it's very difficult to, for an african, to point a person in power. who's driving a country say, i'm inspired by this person because it's we, we've survived dictate the sheaves, man wire interest that he being big man is providing everybody is switching off the internet when they want, you know, killing whoever is opposing them. saying you have no right to protest, an air your grievances as a nation, just went through a very violent alex on and people have been killed in on the streets, in compiler. and in and having a really big step that she been leaving in a dictatorship. it can be exhausting, is little leave your voc or it's not just about you but as
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a connective. so nation building is very important, but young people have to be at the front of nation building. they have to be respected. we have to respect a de, rusty, gender de, rusty's, sexual minorities. we must respect everybody on this continent. you know what? i agree. africa is the most youth for continent. so young people must be a percentile of nation building. we have to demand the kind of leadership in the future. we want our that means empowering ourselves for the fight. ahead talking about empowerment and fighting. let's visit the gambia to meet our girls viewed the teen reporter, lena gwyn, yuba. she takes us to her class where she and other girls, lynn, self defense, the sessions in the gym, give them the tools and confidence to deal with mental babel and physical abuse. watch out for those ones though.
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oh, yeah. yeah. yeah. once again, women and girls can be many forms. one of them is physical violence. my name is linda e when you and i want to tell you about the, for dictating the gambia that health goals and women to be prepared for that. let's go see what the see if can for ga, streaming is all about it was cited in february 2020 and since then over 200 women have benefited. these are cameras the national could denita for safe hunts for girls. all the necessary and parliament to a self defense. apart from that, she's a dedicated community and national human rights activists. walk the founding this feeling as this woman. the parts will respond to violence and provide tools for a range of mental, verbal and physical responses with why the need for self defense for women were unfilled,
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defense fits of tooth am given to women. and children that begin be can always used to be if the escalade situations saw, in fact, having a hand bag full of tools. i am in fact, in the gambia. yes they are. we see and hear reports about m women or children being back from a daily basis. so yes, definitely remember for the attend legalities. so who are this violators who do you think are the violator? most of the attack of all or did move that me here? i'm the baby cuz i am saul weakest way we give women the federal tools to be able to use when they, in a situation, but not the power of the normal sort of only have as many a more powerful am than the victim or the woman they attack him for something as simple as been able to fit the boundary and say no, don't follow me. or i don't like the way that you're putting me. these things are simple, but they are very powerful and lee can lead to save your life. many
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a woman has undergoing this shani assay to jamaica, one of them she's 14 years old, asked you to said she up there for the student to learn self defense as it. has anyone ever directed violence at you? yes. once i was once a backed by a man, he tried to, i had asked me, but i used my voice and shouted. so people came to help me. sawyer, the sick weapon to avoid violence. basically, just wanted to set boundaries for yourselves. i think, yell and run ah, that feeling if this woman departed, choose how to respond. when confronted by a violence, i am lena eagle, you before goes of mute in the gambia. don't like women and go play to mail. very well said, i also hope you learned something from the self defense class. because who knows, it may come in handy at our next stop. goma in the democratic republic of congo, go, my board is lowanda and the city is no stranger to conflicts. but it is also the home
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town of slam artist ban. come one to come on to is ready to show us at town whose residence have learned to live, where the constant threat of war as well as the threat of an active volcano. jam jumble hello was we see here. my name is ben. come on to go, it's a great honor to welcome you to my city gumaro, located between the majestic mountaineer gone gall and li keyboard. the muzzle lucky situated on the border to rhonda goma is the gateway to ethan democratic republic of quota. surrounded by the regions conflict, the city attracts both young and old as a place to trade 30 and for those displaced by will the funding home. first up, the poet and political activists then come, little shows us come, if you need me to transport, think of what it, what you see here is that you could do a symbol of the city to love you, to an honest, a work. the brewery got up the courage of the people of goma who wake up every
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morning to wait to look for food, but also to continue to dream. so sick while mosier mickelson or sequence into algebra. while dreams and resilience prevail, the regional crises haven't left come unscathed. in 2008, the city itself became the center fighting. and even today, i'm grief on have a far away from, from bonham. again a conflict on their weapons. everywhere people can be shot in the middle of the day or night because we are really a region at wall. gorman has been the api sent off several conflicts since 1990. 2 . there is a mix of feelings, as well as hope when having to wake up every day to face like will attack you. despite the insecurity and difficulties of getting concerned for the city, visit commerce market inches square for choice. assume they're gonna come here behind a big market of room. got. this is a central market of gama. so if you visit goma,
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you'll eat fresh bees or you eat potatoes while you eat fish. you are to guar norco . do some barrels. you ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha ha, what, what else? i marana. liza la. yeah, cassandra, lisa, he's not being leaves. so we eat with everything. hearing goma to, i'll go mom and you see it's very important part of our life of that women fight day and night to feed your families and bring about a little from moving a little funny. you're gonna on the squalid power world. and while the regions federal laconic soils provide the food, well cane is leaning just outside commas would as have terrorized the city's residence in the past few decades. the city so. so here again the neighbourhood of winning, this is nina gemalto treat. it is practically where the lava stopped. it destroyed many houses, and this place proves just how much the volcano threatens the city member. in fact,
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the city is built by the same for kennel the has destroyed it was volcanoes give us a degree and storms falling with these very stones could build a city in well, volcanic rocks in local would define commerce architecture. it's the people then really wants to introduce us to build new sauce. we are going to our poetry slam sent atlanta that swim wick law where we exchange ideas it at a it's, let's go to c o i on slum, pull up a all slum pu buck darzy. now girl is this law for my peers said nova container. slum or seymour, this t no shantia in those this block divorce sold to this yahoo! but i thought that was active. yeah, i don't know. it's on this last islam opiate them on you think we'll go, i shall take them or does anyone yoga soup flunky to macau? appropriately so i looked going of can news of
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living in peace is the biggest jeans? yes, young people have also one day we want to live in a place where we won't be afraid that our father's little shoulder to wave mo, mom's will be killed. the law. she laughed radner, our daughter will be assorted in the street. sarah, aggressive allahu willows. you, we just want a city where we can live and jacobite. oh, where people come to see our city look, have been to see the volcano yet. i'll go and go to see our mountain correlates into the room. damn good, won't done. don't go silly there. if this is just a dream of the young can release the dream of a youth that just wants to live and have a right to be like one. thanks, ben. come on to fort, showing us around and for highlighting that challenges on dreams of many that's all . remind ourselves that living in peace across the continent should not just be a dream at to reality. as always, we love to hear from you,
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so don't forget to connect, but us on facebook, youtube, and instagram. that's how we wrap up this addition of the show. we will play you out with a song from ben come moon to. i told a more place see i have eddie micah, julia. thanks for your time. bye for now. with well this is omitted performance. ok, buffy. can this little super busy? ah, do don't feel on the dollars was ah
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ah, with a climate event what could the future
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bring in 15 minutes. what's making the headlines and what's behind them? dw news africa. the show that was the issue in the continent. life is slowly getting back to normal here on the streets to give you enough reports on the inside of our cars. funds is on the ground reporting from across the continent and all the trends doesn't matter to you. in 90 minutes on d. w with asia lovers guided by vibrating asian cities,
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5 a local artist in the unique experience of their craft, i for exclusive master classic. getting it wrong done about language arts. the asia starts to 1st on d w. ah, i'm just kinda, i want that's hard and in the end is a me, you are not a lot us to you anymore. we will send you back. are you familiar with this? with the smudges were lions of the what's your story. ready he wasn't, i was women, especially and victims of violence in labs and take part and send us your story. we are trying always to understand this new culture. so you are not a visitor, not the guests. you want to become a citizen. in phil migrants,
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your platform for reliable information ah ah business dw news live from bo lid. moscow says it's for says, have taken control of a strategic town in easton ukraine, the defense ministry, and says that now controls the mon as russian artillery pounds to lu hans regions last remaining pockets in ukrainian. russia. amy to complete its advance through what was bonds ukraine's industry.

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