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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  May 28, 2022 7:30pm-8:01pm CEST

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bonnie: the brown reporting from across the continent. all the friends doesn't matter to you. in 60 minutes on d, w. o live and on demand podcast, language courses, video and audio. any time anywhere. the d w media center. ah. hello and welcome to your favorite magazine program at shoe made just for you africa's youth. i am your host edie, mike, a junior, and this is that 77 percent with let's find out what's coming up. da street. the big serial union fell us housing
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wants to build yes. society like to leave that by wal, uganda. young people struggle. you don't want the expression on the line. and when you join the class, teaching gum again, girls, physical, self defense. i mean, let's thought of in sierra leone, the country civil war and at 2 decades ago, or this gas remain. however, life moscow lawn and younger node want to leave that dock chopped out behind. sometimes do progress means we visited the past and learning from the mistakes. let's remind ourselves of the civil war and why memories of bit still haunt sarah unions. child soldiers like diamonds and the breakdown of an entire society. this is what characterize sierra leone is 11 years civil war. though it ended 20
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years ago. scars of the bloody conflicts continue to shape the society in sierra leone to this day. the war started in 1991. when the rebel group revolutionary united front form to overthrow government that was perceived as weak, corrupt and incapable of running the country over 10000 children, some as young as 5 years were recruited into unheard. i grapes, abductions, amputation killings, and the destruction of towns and villages were rampant. ah, the rebels find them there to the teeth through the sale of so called blood or conflict, diamonds with the help of lead barriers them. president charles taylor demons were smuggled abroad and later sold worldwide. by the time the war ended in 2002, up 270000 people had died. and over 2000000 were displaced. an entire generation of youth had been separated from their families. they received
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little or no education at all, and carry the scars of the war. in the aftermath of the war, sierra leone set up the truth and reconciliation commission for survivors to tell this stories and prevent any future conflicts. sierra leonean live in peace today. many say that the underlying cause of the war, such as corruption, poverty, and unemployment remain unresolved to this day. the beautiful thing, though, is that sarah unions have now lived in peace for 20 years and counting. and there is hope that peace will prevail to move forward and to live a meaningful life. many vocal use in the country, identifying what's wrong with the our society and are seeking change either kamani and the 77 percent. the base team caught up with some young civil unions in the capital free town now be want some of the accounts of the war may be upset in the hello and welcome to the 77 percent. the show for
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africa, you this week, we are in the west african country of sierra leone. and 20 years ago this year, an 11 year brutal civil war came to an end. unfortunately, some of the people who participated in that war lost their loved ones and even lost some of their limbs. what children, 20 years on those children now make a part of the 77 percent and we want to find out from them. what is the world look like for them? so we'll begin with muhammad here. tell our viewers what he went through. i was so 15 hours of id when to reveal a factor in our town ship. and we went through the voice for 3 months then dallas norton thought it might be, don't ask me to go outside and get some fruits on my way grading. i stepped my kids on the land mines. so much fellows dropped my leg here. sure. i wasn't a voice for 3 good. this was so, i mean that's really, really tough. how do you survive in the bush for 3 days with an amputated leg. it
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was really tough for me. it was our scrolling with my hands and wrote knees. what 3 would this? i'm really, really sorry to hear about that. unfortunately it's more terrible news and we're just going to come to you for a 2nd fantasy with. because what they're describing is not alien to you even having been an ivan, also a teenager that time, nor a while. it wasn't, it wasn't actually and i for the fact that i think it was something to me to 8 i was a child. and then to rebuild attacked in kabbalah, where went into the brochure. darla for like 5 days i think i get to my mother. and then my mother is like you have to go back and get medication. and, and i went there and i saw or a family friend and i went there and i was no way to go back to my mother and he was like, you're safe for me. the kids you know, spend a night and in that was the night. i fought for it by him. not once or twice. 3
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times i think m. m, i was there helpless. i could you nothing about it. okay. well, thank you for sharing that. yes. so let's come to ishmael. please explain to us what happened with you and how you found yourself to be here today, alive and well. so when i was about 12 years old, the war came into my life. i started running for mitchell. by the time i was 13, i've been recruited to fight i in the government army. and i fought for nearly 3 years. i lost everything, my life, my home, my aspirations long and short of it, i was able to survive the walked and, and, and i was adopted in a family in the united states. so i left our but i carried the burden of the war to me because i felt guilty for having survived. and by the way ish morales case and everybody else we've heard from to day. their case is there cases or one of tens of
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it's estimated that about $10000.00 children participated in that war. and the children were talking about a probably not older than the ones who are playing football here. so that gives us a visual but also very difficult to imagine. m mary young. so you are one when the war ended. but your parents obviously who raised you and who gave birth to you were very much part of her. this crisis is this something that you discuss at home openly, has it affected how you were raised it as that affected a lot of family members that i know directly and what, what we experience is the trauma, the trauma vault. so you would, you would expect that a lot of family members who are not able to get jobs. they were not able to learn learned skills because the up for mitzi, v is we had destroyed by the war. let me invite john to this conversation. what do you think is the biggest challenge or the biggest thing that people are still carrying with them from the war? well, the biggest thing is to have a conversation. at a community level, most of the present young generation did not experienced
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a war. and for those who experienced toward the door of the space to have that dialogue. so i think part of our challenge as emission is having an ongoing conversation about what went wrong. okay. so let me come back her to fantasy here because we're hearing that on the one hand, not only to the opportunities under space as to speak openly. they don't exist, but not speaking about it creates more trauma even for the generations after the fact where one thing we're good at and surly on is we move too fast. and we pretend like what happened yesterday during happen. and as i, you have people like me and a lot of the people the are bottling up those the time i become like, so paranoid like any sounds good i, i was just like i went in to like, i was just black out here ish. my, let me come to you, did you get a chance to get sort of mental health care? after the facts? yes, i did have a little bit of mental psychosocial therapy as they used to call it right after the
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war. i was not the case for a lot of people. yeah. now what i, what i also want to really address is the fact that if you look at our society serial you, now a lot of us are broken. can you give me some of those examples? what think about social personal spaces, the way people view women where people view relationships. all of those things had dis, functionalities had existed during the war. and some of the people who inherited that went on to be parents and raise children. they don't know how to pass on those things to them here. i want to hear from mariam. if the education system is also catering to this, you know, as somebody who says, you're facing 2nd generational trauma, is this something that you're taught to school? are you addressing this in your own sort of youth circle as mental health issues right now lots of people, even youths as my age do, frowned around mental health discussions, trauma i'm depression, anxiety, they don't want to talk about it. and even i have spoken to some of my colleagues who are study medicine in civilian college of medicine. i will tell you that i
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don't want to studies and psychology or be a psychiatric because everybody my company to feel, i'm a mad person, i'm working with mad people. so let me ask a question that, you know, it might even sound colors to ask it. but i need to have sierra leonean really learned from the wor, no, no, no, no, no, thank you. same. everybody says no everyone is are, you know why? because we pretend like it didn't happen. nobody talk about it, not in school, not in college, not in houses in there. it didn't happen. mariam, you one of the people who said very emphatically, no, we haven't learn all the situations around the wall. all the effects, all the things that lead to the war i still present. i still have corruption, his hair, utah unemployment, his hair mom at these hair and even the fact that we don't talk about it makes it more scary. because if we don't talk about these, how do we want to move past it?
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so john, how do we move forward from a situation like this? or what we mood is a constructive engagement of young people. let's try to include in the curriculum of schools, the history of the war less drive, but not part of the curriculum. it's, oh my goodness, it's not always good. let's have that conversation in the schools at a university so that people get to understand what went wrong. all right? if i could add something to that, there is an adage in sir, your, if you know, not with are you comments, you know, will not was, are you to go? if you don't know where you're coming from, you will not know where you going. let know where we've been. what was there? what's behind us, the lyla rid now, and then we'll know how to go forward. if not, we'll go back to that. yeah, i think that's a fantastic place to end. it's very rare that on the street debate, we dwell on the path, but it is something that has come out very, very clearly today. is that in some instances in order to move forward,
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as fantasy said very clearly, you sometimes have to look back. thank you for watching sometimes to move forward, we have to look back and learn from what went wrong to not to repeat the mistakes of the past. now, if you loved that he beat as much as i did, you can watch the longer version on our 77 percent youtube channel. don't forget to share your thoughts with us in the process. now, as we have just established lenin from the past, it creates the desired future is very essential. so we asked you all on facebook, what kind of youth do to build the future they want? i'll let her take the 1st comment from fall armstrong from do, i'll a camera and you see if we successfully kill corruption, then all the wars would eventually stop on our continent. that's a good one. that then the current job will go patrick, in kabbalah,
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which is in the democratic republic of congo. you see constitutional reforms, an independent competence, judicial systems void of corruption. well stop this menace. and then a final comment from one get room go. where from peak of valley in kenya, you say, one of the solutions will be for those countries to address the history that way. people are enlightened of the dangers a war, hence avoiding a repetition of that doc part of history. thus, just their beautiful well said, all of you, the solution to africa, the problems lie within all of us together. we can help create the future we deserve. but that includes being able to speak your mind and express yourself without fear of retribution. one ugandan woman is trying to achieve just that was bel camire strives for freedom of expression on the digital front. uganda young
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people are particularly affected by internet shutdowns and censorship. about the be about to change. if camire gets her way, ah, decided to pantry. what? reminding social media incentives don't, is currently a dictate says perfect tool against the people on this continent. it's against an upcoming side of young people. what bracing themselves, they can no longer keep quiet. so you want to hold them, you want, shut them up, you shut the medium, they're using and with your social media. my name is rose bell midway. i am from uganda, and i am a writer and activist. i am an editor of law firm called african feminism,
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where i work with african the young feminist to tell their story and their resistance to different systems. their realities of african women and girls is still appalling in so many different ways that we are still far away from finding a ways to agenda equal communities on this continent the the internet has top of the brick barry is the long way to board as the internet helps us to expand our understanding of the world by exposing us for new knowledge in connecting us to people who know different things or experience lead. dialysis differently,
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the left, but he is on the continent have been terrible for us and, and feel when you look around leaders who inspires you, it's very difficult to, for an african, to point a person in power. who's driving a country to say, i'm inspired by this person because it's we, we've survived dictatorships, men who are interested in being big mans, providing everybody is switching off the internet when they want, you know, killing whoever is opposing them. i'm saying you have no right to protest, an air your grievances as a nation just went through a very violent alexson and people have been killed her on the streets in compiler. i'm in and having a really addicted to she been leaving in a dictatorship. it can be exhausting, is what i leave your walk or it's not just about you, but as a connective. so
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a nation building is very important, but young people have to be at the front of mission building. they have to be respected. we have to respect diversity, gender davis, the sexual minorities. we must respect everybody on this continent. you know what? i agree. africa is the most youth for continent. so young people must be a percentile of nation building. we have to demand the kind of leadership in the future. we want our that means empower in ourselves for the fight. ahead. talking about empowerment and fighting. let's visit the gum. yeah. to meet our girls, mute the teen reporter lena gwinn, yuba. she takes us to her class where she another girls, lynn, self defense, the sessions in the gym, give them the tools and confidence to deal with mental, verbal and physical abuse. watch out for those ones though.
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oh, yeah, yeah, yeah. well, once again, women and girls can be many forms. one of them is physical violence. my name is linda e when you and i want to tell you about the, for dictating the gambia that health goals and women to be prepared for that. let's go see what the, the plans for ga, streaming is all about a it was cited in february 2020. and since then over $200.00 women have benefited. lisa camara is the national coordinator for safe hunts for girls. all the nurses of empowerment to self defense . apart from that, she's the dedicated community and national human rights activists walk the found him. this feeling is this woman. the parts will respond to violence and provide tools for a range of mental, verbal and physical responses with formal why the need for thought defense for women were unfilled, defense,
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fifths of tooth am given to women and children. that began b can always used to be if the escalade situation thought it's like having a hand bag full of tools. i women 2nd in the gambia. yes the are we see and hear reports about m women or to rent been back from a daily basis. so yes, definitely remember for the attorney again. so who are this violators who do you think are the violators most of the attack of all or the new for me here are the buy vehicles. i am saul, which is why we give women the 5th of tools to be able to use when they, in a situation, but not the power of the normal sort of our lives and men. they are more powerful and then the victim or the woman they attack in for something as simple as been able to fit the boundary and say no, don't follow me. or i don't like the will if you're putting me billions of simple, but they are very powerful and lee can leave your life. many
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a woman half undergone this shani asked to jamie's when us, duncan, she's 14 years or as you to said she up there for the student to learn self defense as if there has anyone ever directed violence at you? yes. once i was once a backed by a man, he tried to, i had asked me, but i used my voice and shouted. so people came to help me. sawyer, the sick weapon to avoid violence, basically go funds to set boundaries for yourselves. i think, yell and run with feigning if this woman departed, choose how to respond. when confronted by a violence, i am lena eagle, you before goes of note in the gambia. don't thank women and go play to milan. very well said, i also hope you learned something on the self defense class. because who knows, it may come in handy at our next stop goma, in the democratic republic of congo. go my board as we wander in the cities,
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no strange after conflicts, but it is also the home town of slam artist ben come one to come on to is ready to show us a town whose residence had learned to live with a constant threat of war as well as the threat of an active volcano. jam jumble. hello west. we see here. my name is ben. come on to go. it's a great honor to welcome you to my city goma. located between the majestic mountaineer gone gall and li keyboard deposited lucky situated on the border to rhonda gama is the gateway to ethan democratic republic of quota surrounded by the regions conflict. the city attract, spoke young and old as a place to trade 30. and for those displaced by will to put in homes. first up, the poet and political activists then come to shows us come of unique me to transport. think of what it, what you see here is that you could do the symbol of the city. do love to an honest a work. the brewery got up the courage of the people of goma who wake up every
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morning to wait to look for food, but also to continue to dream. so sick while mazar, mickelson, or sequence into algebra. while dreams and resilience prevail, the regional crises haven't left come out unscathed. in 2008, the city itself became the center fighting. and even today, i'm grief on have a far away from somebody wearing a conflict on their weapons. everywhere people can be shot in the middle of the day or night because we are really a region at wall. gorman has been the epicenter of several conflicts since 1990. 2 . there is a mix of feelings, as well as hope when having to wake up every day to feel like what you love, despite the insecurity and difficulties of getting concerned for the city, visit commerce market inches square, for toys. assume they're gonna come here behind a big market of the room. got. this is a central market with gama. so if you visit goma,
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you'll eat fresh bees. you eat potatoes, you eat fish, your 2 guar norco. do some barrels. you ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, what, what else? i marana. liza la. yeah, cassandra, lisa, he's not being leaves, so we eat everything here. you go month to, i'll go mom and you see it's very important part of our life of that we men fight day and night to feed your families and bring a little from movie, little funny. you're gonna on the squalid power world. and while the regions federal mechanics will provide the food will cain is leaning, just outside comments would as have terrorized the city's residence in the past few decades the city so. so here again the neighborhood of winning this is nina gemalto treat. it is practically where the lava stopped. it destroyed many houses, and this place proves just how much to for colonel threatens the city been born. in
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fact, the city is built by the same for kennel the has destroyed it was volcanoes give us a degree and storms swollen with these very stones could build a city. and while volcanic rocks in local would define commerce architecture, it's the people then really wants to introduce us to build new sauce that we are going to our poetry slam sent at lamb that swim wick law, where we exchange ideas. if i'd like it's a, let's go to see all i on slum pool a, be all slum po, box darzy. now girl, is this law for my peers, said northern county. slum or seymour this to know. ashanti had been those this block before salty this yahoo. but i thought that correct, if you have a oh no, it's on this last islam opiate them on you think will call i saw tape him or this engine you all the suv. you flam key to my car. pretty soon i blue blue glove can move of living in peace is
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a biggest james. yes young people have don't. 0, one day we want to live in a place where we won't be afraid that our father's little short luxuries. mo, mom's will be killed. the law, sheila radner or don't toby assorted in the streets of an aggressive allahu willows . we just want a city where we can live and the jacobite, or where people come to see our city move in to see the volcano yet are gone. go to see our martin gorillas in for rhonda gilmore, doug ollie got senior there. there's just a dream of the young congolese, the dream of a youth that just wants to live and have a right to be like wrong. thank spend, come and do for showing us around and for highlighting that challenges on dreams of many that's all. remind ourselves that live and in peace across the continent should not just be a dream at to reality. as always, we love to hear from you,
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so don't forget to connect to what us on facebook, youtube, and instagram. that's how we wrap up this addition of the show. we will play you out with a song from ben come moon to. i told a more place see, i have eddie micah, julia, thanks for your time. bye. for now with miss you may be performed so he may, buffy, we can pull the seat. ah, do he told me it was ah 30
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ah! with who was making the headlines and what's behind them. dw news africa, the show that was the issue shaping the continent. life is slowly getting back to normal year where on the streets to give you in the report on the inside of our cars, funds is on the ground reporting from across the continent and all the trend stuff
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with in 30 minutes on d. w. a batter that money, the food industry in staggering sums of money from junk food. and obesity is becoming a global health problem. enough. a activists in the us and latin america. they're using a variety of different campaigns, that big corporations find completely unpalatable. around in 75 minute, one on d, w o a has no limit. love is for everybody. love is live
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with love matters and that's my new podcast. i'm. i really think we need to talk about all the topics that more divides and deny that . and this i have invited many deer and well i guess, and i would like to invite you to and then people in trucks injured when trying to flee the city center more and more refugees are being turned away. families, please see the reason for these critical illness. with demonstrate people, lean extreme ross getting 200 people with june around the world. more than 300000000 people are seeking refuge. yes. why? because no one should have to flee. make up your own
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mind. d. w. made for mines. ah ah, this is dw news live from berlin bosco says it's forces have taken control of a strategic town and eastern ukraine. the defense ministry says its troops control the key cross road town of lemon. russian soldiers and their local allies are getting closer to taking over the entire new has reached also on the program pressure.


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