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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  June 3, 2022 9:00pm-9:30pm CEST

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[000:00:00;00] ah, ah ah, this is dw is alive from berlin, $100.00 days after the russian invasion began. ukraine is still holding out as the 2 sides battle for control of ukraine's eastern industrial heartland. the red cross says the scale of the destruction is beyond belief. also on the show why the war in ukraine is pushing off world food prices, and how african leaders are pressing russia to free up flock to grain exports. and at least for dad, in
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a train crash in southern germany. dozens were injured as carriages overturned. rescuers pulled people to safety through the windows and the u. s. president echoes the plea of many families. bereaved by mass shootings, buried one message for all of us. do something. just do something. for god's sake do something. as the nation of mourns the latest deaths, president biden calls for tougher gun control last ah. hello, i am claire richardson. thanks so much for joining us. 100 days since russia's invasion of ukraine, the war shows no sign of ending the red cross as the scale of destruction defies comprehension. and the united nations estimates more than 4000 civilians have been
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killed. as nearly 7000000 people have left the country, and it's not clear how many soldiers each side has lost, having failed to take the capital key, russia has scaled back its ambitions, and is now fighting for control of ukraine's eastern industrial heartland, ukrainian president, while the demur zalinski says he remains confident of victory by it's been 100 days of war. but life in the capital, keith has returned to a state of relative normality. there is signs of the russian invasion everywhere. and though people are getting on with life. no, but he thinks the war is over much too. with those newton flute. i think it'll be a long conflict with the war mind to stop and then start again. i'm preparing for 10 years or can do it all for you. i'm not bringing my family back,
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but i would like to stay in ukraine myself with your bullish over so it's like a almost normal steel icing. the danger is still big. so we have, are gathering of the troops in the, in the border was with russia and any time it could come back. and also as everyone in ukraine, we are under the m constant possibility of strike from the air. a troop build up in belmar is just a few 100 kilometers to the north of hey, dance, have people on edge. and they are trying to make the most of the relative calm here . many fi that russian successes in the east could a bolden, moscow to take another grab at the capital and so of yan skin ukraine's east. now, one of the epi centers of russia's invasion war is everywhere. much of the city has been flattened by russian strikes. you said that's what i get to know,
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is it really necessary to launch this rocket on this house? and on this one and the one next door, i'm with you. tell me dat to let that damn persian think that russian missiles are coming. you know what, how much does it cost? is there a cost millions? what is this rocket designed for? this house is not, you know, ukraine's president volota may zalinski has said that victory will eventually belong to ukraine. or english low grade, the ukraine. i'm forces here, huddle nish, most importantly al coupla here. we've defended ukraine for $100.00 days already. the dish and victory will be aus glory to craig. but i'm also mama slowly. even if residents share their president's optimism here in the dawn bass, that promise feels a long way away. but get more now from our correspondent nika connelly who's been reporting for us from keith. nick, good to see you there. a 100 days into this war. tell us what life is looking like
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in the ukrainian capital while things here are out really kind of normal cafes are open. kindergartens reopening, there is life on the streets, but it is a shadow of the energy and just the sheer numbers of people that would have been here pre war. and basically, based on what you see in terms of people, in terms of traffic jams, it's less than half in terms of population compared to pre war. and there are people now who actually want to come back, but can't afford to come back because their savings have run out of the 3 months of war and lots of jobs, lots of jobs connected to tourism, connected to people having spare money to spend on lectures on the nice things life they are closing their doors and people don't have jumps to come back to. there are lots of ukrainians in poland and other countries in europe who are desperate to get back. now that they think that your situation here is more or less tenable for now, but they can't. and this is now the real crux. after 100 days after a 100 days with outside world was paying a lot of attention. lots people here worried that the outside world is going to get ukraine fatigue is going to stop paying attention to this conflict. and that the
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support that's been forthcoming in the initial phase, this war is going to run dry. and that these people now going to have to deal with the reality of an ongoing, kind of grinding contact with russia. russia with its huge oil reserves, huge oil earnings financing, that war, and an uneven battle in which ukraine really needs that foreign support and will have great problems. it doesn't get that last turn to where much of that fighting is taking place. russian forces have been in trying to in circles. rivera, donato and lucy chance in eastern ukraine. could you bring us up to speed with the latest developments from their all the russians, happy making incremental advance in that part of ukraine. the cities are for now, especially some other than that, which is ukraine's last major city or in lieu hans region. the rest of it has already been occupied by russia and its last bridge head on the north, northern bank of that river am basically ukrainian controls about 20 percent of the city. the city is basically gone after weeks or to re fire and huge destruction to housing,
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to infrastructure. extraordinary are we are busy and led to believe that still about $15000.00 civilians, that's about 10 percent of the people population are still. they're still living in the sellers. somehow surviving amongst the other fi, in spite of repeated calls from the ukranian authorities to get out to evacuate while they still could. but the cranes are holding out and trying to basically play for time because they think that as this western artillery western heavy weapons had been promised. finally, start right on the front line that will give you crane the chance to fight back and to basically go from defense to counterattack. and if you personally, you've been living in keep working for us as a correspondent for years before the fighting broke out and covering this conflict for us, i want to get your impressions of what has been he worst armed conflict in europe indicates extraordinary thing is that key if it was the capital has been the capital of a city in conflict at war with russia since 2014 since russia and its crimea,
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and stoked those separatist conflicts in the east and dumbass. but for all that, the fact that this was just of 600 kilometer kind of short train right down the road give, which felt like a very relaxed, very oh, a place where people enjoyed life felt like any other european capital with maybe the exception that you'd see lots people uniform at the train station going off to serve in the east. but now this really brought things home. you had those weeks a month beginning where the russians were just 25 kilometers from downtown cave, where there was the threat of constant bomb attacks on the center of cave. on the political hub on presence. lensky is office and his real fear in a sense that ukraine and its existence could be now or on the edge could be a basically at risk of being destroyed and been incorporated by russia. that really has brought it home. and i think there was just total panic at the begin when people really weren't sure whether you crank could stand up to this overwhelming russian attack. i think now it's moved to more phase of her pride that you can, has managed to the gets all the expectations against all the predictions of west
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keep this together. but i guess fear now whether it will be able to must the resources and keep those are western allies on side and providing support to really and slug it out in the long run. economy for us in ukraine, thanks has always fair reporting. and the war in ukraine is pushing a global food prices sharply hire russia and ukraine produced nearly a 3rd of the world's wheat, and the conflict is disrupting supplies. russia says it's willing to allow grain exports from ukraine, but only if the west eases sanctions against it. united nations is looking for a solution to avert a looming food, a crisis. a friendly visit to vladimir putin. a rare sight as the best announcer's fresh sanctions. but senegal its precedent. mackey, sol says it isn't right for africa to be caught in the cross hairs cut off from crucial green imports from ukraine and russia
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a push on the left route. so current chairperson of the african union fest button is willing to help. i'm on the soft on the leaving here very v short and very happy without exchange michelle. it's not over yet. we must continue discussions with the other parties for that trip. resumes immediately in the government. that is the catch. russia says it will let green shipment leave ukraine only it's sanctions are lifted. meanwhile, ukraine alleges russia is stealing green to supply its allies. the un says it's leading dense stalks with dosher to release the exports. with a 3rd of global lead supplies coming from ukraine and russia, the sticks are enormous. when there are 1400000000 people that could be affected because of the shortage of wheat and other grains, an american trade throughs and the black sea must remain in priority failure to
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open those. ready force that result in fanning the civilization mass migration around the world with the prices already sorting across africa. looming, global food crisis is fast becoming a reality for many years. and i'm joined now by jo, a glower senior research fellow at the international food policy research institute . he joins us from washington, dc. thank you so much for taking the time to speak with us. we've prices have arisen by 56 per cent since this time. last year, around the world that's translating into people seeing the cost of the food that they buy go up. but who is suffering the most from massive increases like that? well, as you say, these are globally trade commodities. the prices are being solved everywhere in the world, but clearly the forests are feeling the brunt and particularly those, those countries that depend heavily on wheat for consumption. so if you look at
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countries of the north africa and middle east central asia, those are countries that, that consume about twice that of what we, we consume in the u. s. or in europe, in on a per capita basis. so it's a big part of the diet need. it's 35 percent of the calories come from weak products, like bread. and there you seen, you know, unsubsidized we prices are. bread prices rise astronomically thankfully, there are targeted subsidies in the ship to try to address problems for the, the poorest households. but for countries that have very little resources to provide towards consumers and to help mitigate some of these price impacts, they're the ones that are suffering amongst. now the kremlin denies that it is to blame for the blockade of ukrainian ports and the u. n. and the african union are pushing for them to be reopened. how optimistic should we be that we will see that happen? i think it's very difficult. i would certainly hope that those ports would be
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reopened. it's difficult to get those sorts of assurances the i think the world's going to need. i mean, remember that these aren't necessarily countries the only the ships, these are private companies, they require assurances that the their, their ships won't be targeted. so insurance rates are extremely high right now. and right now it's just physically, they're unable to, to move into those ports because of the mines. and because of the threats, even before me, remember that russia actually was blocking those ports a week before the at the soldiers actually came across borders like so. going out through the west on rail or barge is just 4 times the cost of going down through the black sea. i'd like to come back to you in just a moment, but 1st let's hear from the world food program. they've been warning of global famine if access to black see ports is not real bins. so the black supports are as it were,
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the silver bullet when it comes to avoiding global fireman's global hunger. but it's that silver bullet isn't found. we also need those alliances to support overland deliveries of food exporting from this country. country the fed 400000000 people last year. so they're calling those ports a silver bullet. i'm your touched on this just briefly, but do you think that overland routes can be a realistic alternative? frankly, in the short run, i think it can be very difficult. i mean, it is, you can do it and they are doing it. so, but it's essentially means shipping by rail going upstream, if you will, because all the grain typically now comes down through those ports. but you can go back up through the, out, through, into room to the, the river port on there, dan, you down to get ports on in romania or through poland in the baltics to try to get access to the baltic sea. but remember that that, that it adds
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a lot of cost to do so the real gauges aren't the same. so that is the real tracks are, are wider in ukraine than they are in in romania. they have to be offloaded reloaded the put on the barges. then taking down canals to get to the blacks to the black sea and all this as an enormous amount of cost. plus you just can't handle the vollings that we typically see going out of the black sea in those parts around desa. sounds like a huge logistical challenge. longer term it's not going to be just about supplies, is it? but also about future harvests. ukraine spring, we crop should be going into the ground already for harvest this fall. for example, how do you see that playing out in the long term? yeah, we have, we have a bigger problem in the near term. we have the fall planted wheat that is coming there right now. people predict around 20000000 tons. remember that we have about 20000000 tons already stuck in ukraine from last year. that hasn't been marketed,
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which typically would be marketed before the new crop comes in. and so i think that that the challenge is going to be how to store that without losing it because it, it right now it just can't move in the volume that that typically would be needed. and so that means put it into storage facility, some of which has been damaged by the war. but the bigger problem is that they're already, i won't say completely full, but they are already far, fuller than they should be at this time of year. so that means storing green on the ground or finding temporary storage, all of which adds cost. sho, glover from the international food policy research institute. thank you so much for taking the time to speak with us. thanks. clara. of the e. u has formerly approved new sanctions over the war, including an embargo on most russian oil imports by the end of the year. under this 6th round of measures, 3 more russian state media outlets are banned. and russia's biggest bank. burbank
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is cut off from swift payment system and the latest sanctions aim to squeeze the kremlin ability to pay for the war. and the higher chrissy here is an analyst and consultant on the oil and gas industry and co founder of the roof energy consulting agency. thank you for taking the time to speak with us. how hard do you think it will? will the russian oil industry be hit by the recent you package of sanctions? russian oil production is all ready decrease in and just the recently there was in session over opec loss alliance. and this alone has allowed the rest of the produce more oil than in the previous miles. but the rest of cannot read us as much oil as these agreement lifts the country to operate years. and the oil production that i sent you already it's falling. and by the end of this year,
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i expect that it will fall 20 or even sorts of percent. it's a devastating blow to the resin oil industry and the rest and the economy. and just to clarify the role of opec in this has the oil cartel stepped in to make up for the lack of russian oil. yes. really. arrays, which was the land before, has been increased 50 percent and so the allies opec lewis is going to produce more oil than it was expected to do according to the scheme they approve several months ago. but unfortunately for us arrest will not be part of this game. it's oil production is not going to increase, but saudi arabia has declared that it's increase the oil production will help alleviate some of the problems for the market of petroleum globally. and i
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do not think there is a danger of any acute shortage of crude oil my the, in the world. and it seems for russia as one of the big questions will be whether it is able to find new markets for its oil exports. do you expect that to be possible? no, i don't not expect to china or india to, to be able to replace the european market. the transportation, the roads to china, our field to capacity and to in sort maybe a couple of tankers which will go from the baltic sea to change all the way around the globe. i think it, there's not enough to replace the european markets and india. there is a very acute competition between the occasional arrest and oil deliverance by dancers. and there are additional deliver it from the person gals, countries such as iraq or saudi arabia,
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i o critique and from ruth energy. thank you so much for taking the time to speak with us. let's turn our attention now to some of the other stories making news around the world. on protests was killed during a rally in the sudanese capital har. tomb activists were demanding justice for the victims of a government crackdown during demonstrations that ousted president omar bashir. 3 years ago, a un human rights official visiting the country urged authorities not to use excessive force against protesters. motorists and pakistan have rushed to fill up their vehicle that petrol stations before. the 2nd increase in fuel prices in a week. the government is trying to secure a bailout from the international monetary fund. it wants to end your subsidies. tesla chief you on mosque once a 10 percent cut in staff and a hiring freeze at the electric car maker must says he has
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a super bad feeling about the economy. tussle employees, nearly 100000 people. and canada's prime minister justin trudeau has signed a major land claim, settlement with indigenous people. the government government will pay more than a $1000000000.00 canadian dollars to the 60 goth 1st nation. the government seized half their land a century ago was here. a block and a train crash in southern germany has killed at least 4 people. carriages derailed and overturned near the ski resort of garnish, a pot and cushion in the bavarian outs. rescuers pulled several passengers to safety through windows, and 30 people were injured. did the correspondent julia. so deli is following that story for us. truly, do we have any more details about what caused the train to derail it is still mostly unclear at the moment,
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although authorities are saying that it could have been caused by a technical fault. but investigations are going to have to continue in the next days. and weeks we know that a few of the carriages of the train overturned and went down and embankment, and that of the 4 people in town until now confirmed dead. 3 of them are under these carriages. so authorities fear that once these train carriages are removed from the spot that they might still find more dead under under the wreckage, the train had the part of the station of gamez patton kitchen and it was headed towards munich. it's a regional train with commuters and it was quite full authority say up to 140 people were on this train and that includes also a number of students today was the last day of school before a holiday in the state of bavaria. so a lot of students had left school and were heading home before the holidays when this accident happened. we can you tell us
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a bit more about how the rescue operation is going? so most of the passengers or actually all of the passengers who were on the train or we're a rescued from the wreckage. they were a pulled out from the windows and some of them the most severely injured were than of flown too near by hospitals that were. 1 12 helicopters, a working at the scene and also just a general big rescue operation up to 500 people involved in it from firefighters to paramedics to police officers. and so now a lot of the work is going to be to try to remove these carriages and the wreckage of the train from the tracks. and authorities may want to do that as speedily as possible because of the g 7 summit is taking place in the area in 3 weeks. and a lot of people are going to be heading to the area for that and also for tourism reasons. and the fact that such
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a train line incurred and such an incident is quite a problem for the local authorities. are corresponded julia so daily many thanks for that update. and there has been a another shooting in the united states. this time outside a church in the state of iowa, a man shot and killed a 2 women before turning a gun on himself. a service was being held inside at the town of ames last week, 19 students and 2 teachers were killed in texas. a president joe biden is urging congress to act to restrict access to guns, but he acknowledged that without support from republican lawmakers. nothing will change. biden's plead, the american people was blunt and forceful. how much more corners you were willing to accept? harmony more interested america large must be taken before we say enough enough.
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and he had clear proposals. what needed to be done. jill and i visited arlington that we need to ban assault weapons and high capacity magazines. and if we can't ban assault weapons, and we should raise the age to purchase them from 18 to 21. strengthened background checks and act safe stories. law and red flag laws. repeal the immunity, the protect gun manufacturers and liability, but biden, who just days earlier, visited the texas school when 19 children and 2 teachers was shot dead last week. warned that republicans in the senate would likely block his proposals and implored americans to vote on the issue in the upcoming midterm election. he so wrote, i quote, congress fails. i believe this time a majority of the american people won't give up either. i believe the majority of you will act to turn your outrage in to making this issue central to your vote. enough enough enough. he ended his address with
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a passionate coal faction cross from a grocery store in buffalo, new york. let's meet the moment. let us finally do something and on the other side of the atlantic, britons, queen elizabeth the 2nd, has mr. day to of celebrations for her platinum jubilee. after experiencing what buckingham palace called discomfort. but other members of the royal family, including prince harry and his wife megan did attend the service of thanksgiving at saint paul's cathedral in london. prime minister boris johnson was also among the well wishers the platinum jubilee marks the queen 70 years on the throne. and the queen will now enjoy events on tv at home in windsor castle. before we go or remind her of the top story, we are following for you 100 days into russia's invasion. ukraine's as his forces are holding their positions in the strategic city of sabera. don't ask though.
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moscow claims it's on the verge of taking control. achieve update coming up next eco africa. look at fisherman and kenya, who's in climate friendly folks. if you do want more news in analysis, you can find that on our website, d, w dot com. i've claire richardson in berlin command the team, thanks so much for watching. ah
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with ah, with no small accent can inspire big changes to meet the people making on it go africa. joined them as they set out to save the environment. learn from one another and work together for a better future. maybe thought, steal all for tuning in eco africa. next on d,
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