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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  June 15, 2022 7:02am-7:31am CEST

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[000:00:00;00] ah, losing ground, a key battle rages in ukraine's east. russia tightens its grip on parts of arab donetta, pushing ukrainian forces away the focal point of rushes, relentless assault for weeks. this pivotal industrial ukrainian city, on the brink of falling with the last bridge blown a city, cut off, present, villamor, zalinski, running out of ammunition and running out of time, appeals for more western help for his beleaguer troops. this is the day our rock ah the, the price of this bottle for us is very high. it's just terrible. more than the 1000
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settlements have been liberated. the invasion of the occupiers in the south of ukraine was stopped. we are dealing with absolute evil. and we have no choice but to move on to free our entire territory. victory will be ours. someone. this is how the war will end. also on the day reg said break down, they signed up to it, they agree to it. well now the british government says it doesn't like the rules around the northern ireland protocol, the deal, they agree to get briggs, it over the line. so now ministers reserve the right to ditch parts of the agreement, drawing a course of condemnation from across the u. miss asunder. this is a very regrettable decision that the british government has taken. it is a rejection of all the agreements that we have made between the european union and
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the united kingdom that was given us. there are no reasons for it. the european union will respond to this in a unified way, and it has its whole toolbox at its disposal of ukraine is facing off rushes, massive artillery power in the damp ass region. keep struggling to turn. the tide is on the brink of losing more ground in the east. ukraine makes another urgent appeal for more western weapons deliveries critical to ukraine's resistance against russia's land grab. but as the war grains on and control of territory ebbs and flows and allies ammunition be the game changer, ukraine, so desperately need still hold on to its territory in the east raisins landscape. as we stated, key strategic aim retaking all its territory. last to putin's forces showed me today is the 100 and 10th day of our defense. and when you say that or the 100
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and 10th day, you realize what a great way we have coming up with the a large part of the khaki of region was liberated back. in total, more than the 1000 settlements have been liberated. the invasion of the occupiers in the south of ukraine was stopped. let be me. okay. it's in that the, the price of this bottle for us is very high. it's just terrible. you, me and we draw the attention of our partners on a daily basis. said to the fact that only a sufficient number of modern artillery few cranial cream will ensure our advantage . and finally, end the russians. bullying of the ukrainian don bass said not crazy don't. but my lamb, we are dealing with absolute evil him and we have no choice but to move on really to free our entire territory, kick out the occupiers from all our areas. so she's not hopelessly, of course, we will liberate our crimea as well. excellent, and let every russian officials who are sees precious land and crimea, remember them of gram i'm, this is not the land where they will have peace. st would spoke in wise. there is
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no one to day who will say exactly how long our path to victory will take their vitamin us. but the vast majority of people to day are already aware. victory will be ours. some with that, this is how the war will end. that diversity zarina like to welcome my 1st guest. now joe, we're syrians, yoni is a distinguished, non resident fellow at the quincy institute and a national security analyst, and he joins us from washington. a very warm welcome to the day, sir. oh, we heard just right now, the ukrainian president, mr. zalinski is saying his aim is to retake crimea. is that an achievable objective? probably not absent a complete collapse of the washing army and you couldn't rule that out. it's highly unlikely that ukrainian forces can we take the territory that russia now occupies russia is just in superior military position. very short supply lines. plenty of
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troops to man, the artillery and tanks that they have, and they are fighting a very short war. they're fighting a war for the, the kilometer ahead of them. the 2 kilometers are ahead of them. they failed in that major military maneuver. they started at the beginning of the war a 110 days ago to try to seize the capital of ukraine. that was decisively cheap, retreat defeated, but this kind of grinding artillery heavy warfare favors russia and hold ukraine. i decided disadvantage. i'd like to pick up on on that, that the idea that this war is going to grind on for quite some time. the games that ukraine made at the start of the war that you alluded to as well are, are beginning to erode. it seems almost in the face of a rush of massive fire power. if this does indeed become a very protracted war, you know, years months, how do you see the will of allies like the us evolving?
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yeah, i'd be very hesitant to make any predictions on this. i mean, just a few weeks ago, people were getting giddy here in washington, wanting to defeat and humiliate vladimir putin, that kind of hope for a quick decisive ukrainian victory is now gone. so we don't know how long this, this kind of warfare can hold on. but i would say months is reasonable, and the role that the u. s. in the west can, can play right now is 2 fold. one don't give up on ukraine. you already see a little fatigue setting in the excitement of the wars fading. it's not on page one anymore. so the, the resolve of the western leaders is going to be crucial to maintain the pressure and maintain the support for ukraine and number 2, what does that support more weapons? ukraine is pleading for the kinds of weapons that can defeat the washing artillery . they need anti aircraft weapons as they always have, but howitzers, artillery,
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and most important drones that can target that can go deep behind the russian front line and hit some of that artillery. there's a story breaking today in washington that the u. s. is considering selling ukraine a very high power drawn called the great eagle, a heavy armed, drawn a could help, but it will take weeks to train the ukrainians. so the faster we can get these kinds of transfers in motion the, the safer ukraine will be not tomorrow, not next week, but next month, and in the months ahead. what is the u. s. a staying power when it comes to its ally? ukraine is congress, for instance, prepared for a long war. i think the u. s. is in this for the long haul. i have to admire the way president biden has has handle this so far. he's been very incremental in the way he's been providing aid, so he hasn't provoked russia, but he has definitely helped ukraine. but there will be a real question this fall concept amber when the aid package that we gave you,
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crane runs out. we'll, the congress approve another 20 or $30000000000.00 for ukraine at a time of inflation at a time of possible recession. this is going to be a real, real question, and a lot is gonna depend on the power of president zalinski to remind the americans, the american audience, what the stakes are, and to inspire them the way he has inspired us so far in this war. joe, as serenus yoni, distinguish nonresident fellow at the quincy institute and a national security analyst, sir, we appreciate your time. thank you very much for taking our questions. thank you for having me. now he was once a popular singer, performing to millions and sold out venues and on russian state television. entire sch, brucely with his russian lyrics. the latvian artist won a legion of fans and a paycheck to match. but with the invasion of ukraine,
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he began to rethink his part in russia's propaganda machine. now he's an an outspoken critic of the kremlin, and that has turned many of his fans against him. oh, in touch with solis was a star in russia. ah, the latvian singer performed on russian state media and even held concerts in the kremlin. oh, he toured the world's largest country. oh, thinking in russian, celebrating the language and enjoy the company of his russian fan. oh no, he's got a mis or not, you still can't fully believe it's all over the dish on because i might not return may in the next 50 years and i won't have concerts there. ah, the 24th of february changed everything he told us as we visited him in his home
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studio. ah, the place where from school is creative process begins. for weeks he's been working on a song about the war. oh, finally brucely is speaking out. he's been sharing videos and photos of the war on social media. i. his aim to confront his russian fans with the reality of violence in ukraine. ah, death and destruction. images that aren't shown on russian state media. lou, although has trans and russia, have seen his posts, many are still not convinced learners. probably it's a paradox. the biggest fans who wrote the most loving comments i have turned into
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my biggest enemies. so man, i think they have gone crazy and they are attacking me. is god morales is my kids, gob, it's actually dangerous situation. so the sunni's hooton's propaganda has also played a role in his home country. every 4th person living in like for years of russian descent recently he was verbally assaulted by a passer by in his hometown rural. a mob, rama. i'm a people have cursed at me but, but i tell them everything is fine. i understand you. so don't worry. you're not guilty for thinking that your brain as being corrupted by the propaganda. tonight bit, i write a script about norma though smart and safe mccloud scruple gun. the intertribal soliz wants to change the perspective of his fans one some day. he hopes to return
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to russia and perform again. maybe even bring his kids as well. but only if it's a new russia one without it. major realignments are underway and the european energy sector, a former subsidiary of the rushes, the energy giant gas from here in germany as being bailed out by the government to the tune of 10000000000 years in order to keep supplies flowing. the company which is being renamed, securing energy for europe, hold significant gas storage and supply infrastructure and gas bomb says it will be reducing daily gas deliveries to germany via the north stream pipeline due to repair of compressor units by german company, siemens energy, giant gas prom, is giving germany the cold shoulder,
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the kremlin own company is slashing its gas supply volume by nearly 40 per cent. now instead of the previous 167000000 cubic meters per day, only $100000000.00 will flow to the nordstrom one pipeline gas prom blames missing compressor units from german company, siemens. however, siemens energy is not allowed to supply the parts because of sanctions against russia. nordstrom one is the main supply pipeline. since 2011, the pipeline has been bringing gas from vi borg and russia to luke mean in northern germany. the nord stream to pipeline runs parallel. it was nearly up and running, but then russia invaded ukraine. in response, germany halted the project. and as a countermeasure, the em all europe pipeline is no longer being supplied by russia. since the start of the war, russian natural gas applies to europe have significantly decreased. this is in part because of sanctions against moscow. and because you countries refuse to adhere to
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a new rule by russia, demanding payments to gas from in, rubles despite the gas pol announcement, the german ministry of economic affairs says supply is guaranteed. and gas storage facilities are well supplied. not only for private households, but also for industries that depend heavily on gas, but the prices have become noticeably more expensive. and the german government is also taking a former gas prom subsidiary. under its long term control. germany, we'll give it a 10000000000 euro bailout gas prom germania controls, a substantial share of gas storage and gas pipeline networks. throughout europe, i'm joined now by doctor benjamin schmitz, from cambridge, massachusetts. he's a research associate at harvard university and senior fellow for democratic resilience at the center for european policy analysis, and he's
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a friend of the show. welcome back to the day sir. can i start by getting your take on the 40 percent cut in supply by gas prom? it's blaming. it's on a lack of parts held up by sanctions. does that sound possible? look, it's very convenient. there's been a litany of excuses. the gas from a given over the years for its sudden and unexplained cuts in natural gas supply to europe. this is the latest in an aggregated energy crisis that spans all the way back to the middle of last year. in 2021, the chrome, an intentionally limited, natural gas volumes export in european storage as many of which were owned by cremmit control gas from itself. this create an you, i, gas scarcity that limited the latitude of foreign policy responses to put an invasion of ukraine and how began during the height of the european heating season over the year in february 2022. so when we're hearing that there is suddenly this gas reduction or north stream one, we have to be skeptical. you know, there's,
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there's a few things that play here. first of all, it's trying to make it, you know, it being, you know, the russian federation trying to make a statement that, you know, we should try to somehow limit our technology calibrated things than dual use in energy technologies. we shouldn't take the beta on that with this. this notion about the siemens compressor parts that are supposedly needed because remember, they can rectify this right now. they being gas from they can send more gas through the existing spare capacity in the mall, europe pipeline. remember, they cut off pull in from a gas supplies just several weeks ago. not to mention, at least one 3rd of gas appliance through the ukranian territory, could be turned back on if the russian de occupied the area around that pipeline where the gas goes across is till 2 thirds of that pipeline system is operating and bring gas to, to not only central need to europe, to western europe as well. so if i understand you correctly, you feel they are recognizing the gas. yes,
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absolutely. 100 percent weapon ization of gas as usual. now, as you know today in a, in a separate development, but related development of the company, formerly known as gas from harmonia, now suddenly has been re branded as securing energy for europe. is this effectively nationalization light? i think it's nationalization and i think it is expropriation, it's the right move. this has to happen across europe as we speak. right. because right now, this is, you know, we've, maybe a few weeks ago and in the, the, the heating steven from last year we, as a translate, community need to start doing 2 things. we need to work together to secure volumes of gas around the world, including the middle east, including other swap suppliers. it could possibly include the united states to help europe get more gas into it. storage is at the same time building up more throughput capacity by building short term storage facilities.
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important facilities like floating surgery desiccation units. but the same time, all of those critical energy facilities and storage facilities that were owned by kremlin controlled gas from that gas from was able to put the squeeze on last year by limiting its own injections of gas into those storage is the hand of the winter those need to be owned by european entity going forward. in the short as possible term, the german government has decided to expropriate. those gas prom kamani assets, which i think is a smart move. it allows the german government to ensure security of supply going into next year. ensure that those facilities can be filled up right now during the, the spring summer and an early fall. so that by the time we're at the end of this year, there can't be excuses for saying while there's suddenly this, you know, gas crisis. once again, the gas from russia had put us in that, that limits the western response to russians and major of ukraine, which we obviously need to continue to support as much as possible and be in that
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situation and be able to push back on the problem as much as possible. dr. dr. benjamin nash smith from cambridge, massachusetts, research associate at harvard university as senior fellow for democratic resilience at the center of european policy analysis. thank you for your time. thank you so much. aah! britain has published legislation that will unilaterally rewrite part of the treaty it's signed as part of its briggs at divorce deal with the european union. the northern ireland protocol deals with the promised as unique role as the only part of the united kingdom with a direct eel border with the republic of ireland. the protocol keeps northern ireland in the e u. single market by effectively placing a customs border in the irish sea between northern ireland and main land britain. a leader say the new legislation is
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a breach of international law. british foreign minister, less trust, defended the move were completely serious about this legislation. it doesn't fix the problems in the northern ireland protocol. it also protects the a you single market said the e u a ne, worse off. as a result of this legislation. no surprise the you doesn't see things like that. the block is expected to respond on wednesday, including possible legal action that could result in britain being fined european commission vice president morrow such f chervet had a blunt warning to those decision by the government undermines to the thrust that is necessary for violence at o. e. okay, cooperation and i negotiate thing of the protocol is unrealistic and european leaders have condemned the move. the irish prime minister michael martin, gave a scathing assessment of the case actions for
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a country like the united kingdom to renege on an international treaty does represent a new law appoint him because then the natural expectation of democratic countries like ros. you can all across europe is, are we on her international agreement that we enter into this agreement was ratified goodwin, signed and approved by the prime minister for more on the latest developments i am now joined by martin how he's a prominent lawyer in the u. k. with years of expertise and you love you also. he's also the chair of lawyers for britain and a pro briggs contributor to british media outlets. a very we're welcome to have a new circuit to have you with us. you k prime minister bores johnson signed the steel, this northern ireland protocol, it was agreed to get briggs, it over the line. or, you know, worried that we next on parts of it will undermine you case standing in the world. i don't think so. no,
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this isn't about boris johnson or who signed it. this is about the fundamental rights of you case citizens and particularly you case citizens in northern ireland. are now what i completely aware of is that under our constitution, the united kingdom are, are laws that take precedence over international treaties to live in, to conflict. and i'm aware that, of course, in germany, a very similar principle is dotted. the bond is fastened grift in the man for a case about 20 years ago. and then more recently, in the european central bank aids, made clear the german constitutional law and prevails international agreements. now what we have is a scenario in northern ireland where citizens of our country are being cut off
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from a full communication that served with great britain. so with all due respect, um, this is not a treatment, a treaty that was imposed on the people of great britain. mister johnson signed up to it. he agreed to it. did he not know what he was signing up too? did he have a change of mind? i think probably he didn't anticipate the extreme obstructionist of the european union in the way the treaty would be implemented. i mean that the european union has insisted on the imposition of incredible numbers of tracks. so he did not understand it in different parts of our country. so mr. how has that you did not know what he was setting up to? he did not understand the treaty that he thought, well, i think he didn't understand the way in which the european you would actually act,
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which is very disappointing. now what you have to appreciate is that this is an agreement that imposes obligations are conforming with customers controls inside our country. this is completely unacceptable. it violates fundamental revisions of the articles of union, of $1800.00, which are fundamentals, united constitution. and those guarantee that there should be no cost was checks between great britain and ireland and no restrictions on buffalo goods without war . but in all foreign powers, all treaties of foreign powers citizens in northern ireland shall be treated on the same footing. a citizen of great britain, so mr. harris is l d. v constitution. mr. how let's, let's talk about international treaties. and in very briefly, if you can, i mean, there are a lot of people saying that, you know, you care you respected country in the world,
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ditching parts of an international treaty, signed with a very significant international partner, the european union that signals to the world that the u. k is not reliable, is the u. k. reliable? you case? completely reliable? i think people around the world will appreciate that this issue is fundamental to the integrity of our country. it is fundamental to be a single country, not a divided country in which part of it is a collie of. ready for power, with a foreign court exercising jurisdiction over part of our country. this is mr. how, except we have to leave it there. we have to leave it. i apologize. we don't, we ran out of time, but we really appreciate you coming on martin how from lawyers for britain. thank you very much for sharing your views with us. that was the day and as ever the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter, l d, w news and you can also reach out to me my twitter handle is layla,
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