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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  June 16, 2022 12:02am-12:31am CEST

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soaring and i say, this is date of the news from berlin. you can find out a lot more and i website at www. dot com ah brags ed backlash, british prime minister bores johnson has anger at the european union, announcing he will overturn key elements of the you. case, divorce deal with the block. breaking international law, alienating a major trading partner brussels, launching legal action, but keeps the door open for a negotiated solution. a brag said border issue. everybody saw coming. could now potentially escalate from a simmer to a boil on layla rock. this is the day. ah, i would prefer to have a negotiated solution with the you, given that the u. k. hasn't sit down to the table with us is february
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a government to engage in such negotiation that as yet they are not likely to change the text of the practical itself. i think it's a high time to show some political village to find joint souls when a trade war would be very damaging and all round. also on the day more military aid for ukraine, as russia's onslaught in the east continues in circling cities and gaining territory. it is a race against time for ukraine. the country's former president petra portion co spoke to w news. first of all, you should understand that bill delivered in the weapons is the shortest way to the peace. and that's why for the d. s. we need 3 pinks, weapons, weapons, and weapons. ah, the european union is suing the british government over london's moves to
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unilaterally change post briggs or trade rules boards. johnson's government set out legislation aimed at scrapping customs checks on some goods. entering northern ireland from the rest of the u. k. now, those customs checks were part of the deal. london negotiated with brussels when britain left the e. u. 2 years ago. the european commissions vice president says the british move is illegal. so let's called a spade a spade. this is illegal. the ok bill is extremely damaging to mutual trust and respect between the eel and the u. k. it has created deep uncertainty and casts a shadow over our overall corporation. that is why the commission has today decided to take legal action against the united kingdom for not complying with significant parts of the protocol on islands northern islands. they have been withholding these
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illegal action over the last year because we wanted to create the construct if atmosphere to find solutions. the u. k. government's decision has left us with no choice, but to act. the u. k says it's disappointed to you has chosen to take legal action . the prime minister of the republic of ireland says the move by brussels. mike says step up in the conflict, but he says the road to a negotiated settlement is still open. while a trade war would be very damaging, am all wrong, and in relation to the economies of united kingdom, ireland, and europe. but as i said earlier, the immediate focus now should be on commencing substantive negotiations between united can and government and european union in respect to the operational protocol . and that, that is our focus. obviously if you know, you know that human government pursues unilateralists track without any engagement,
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when that that would create challenges and real problems for more on the ramifications of this move. we can bring in neil daugherty, professor of political science and sociology at the national university of ireland in galway, a very welcome to the day sir. the northern ireland protocol in the brick city agreement was supposed to safeguard the peace process. what is the risk that piece will be damaged in northern ireland as a direct consequence of the british government getting rid of parts of the agreement, it simply doesn't like it's important to remember 1st of all, that it took 3 years to negotiate the withdrawal agreement and the british government was well aware of the issue surrounding the protocol, and yet they signed up to it because unbalanced that was the only viable agreement that addressed issues such as preventing a higher order and ireland and safeguarding the good friday agreement. so this,
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this was a hard one compromise, it took a number of years to reach the british government to approach right now where it is refusing to take the path set out in the agreement. and the protocol which allows, 1st of all, for the british government to suspend the protocol, if, if, if they have a very good reason to do so by invoking article 16 of the protocol. they're not doing that. that's one option they haven't taken. and they are not seeking to negotiate the implementation of the protocol with the they're not seeking to make it work more smoothly. instead, they're unilaterally declaring that they will implement their own solution to trade between the european union and the united kingdom on the island. and so it's deeply di, stabilizing. i think one of the most important techs of recent days was a statement by almost 60 percent of members of the northern ireland assembly. they wrote to the british prime minister saying that they reject in the strongest
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possible terms. your government's reckless new protocol legislation, which flies in the face of the expressed wishes of most businesses and most people in northern ireland. and so there is strong opposition to this in northern ireland itself, and it is destroying at the good relationships that had existed between the british and irish government. now i think the u. k. government, i would argue, could possibly argue that, you know, it's not strange for problems to emerge that need to be fixed. i mean, treaties on paper can look good, but then when implemented might need some adjustment. why is changing the protocol such a problem for brussels? the problem is that the u. k is not doing the kind of thing that you suggest is appropriate, which is seeking to make the implementation smoother or making use of the mechanisms that do exist such as article 16, which it allows the u. k or the you to temporarily suspend the protocol. they are
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not using the mechanisms in the treaty itself. instead, they are demanding in effect. and you treaty by saying that they simply will will not accept what they, they will not implement what they signed up to in 2020. how will this impact power sharing in ireland should the british government follow through the british government is using the argument that unionists in northern ireland reject the protocol in order to justify as one of the justifications for this bill . and the main unionist party, the democratic unionist party, has said it will not go back into government unless the protocol is and put to one side unless it is effectively destroyed. but in seeking to address the concerns of the t p, the largest unionist party,
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the british government is completely alienating all of the nationalist and center ground parties who actually form a clear majority of the electorate on a clear majority in the assembly. and they regard the protocol as, although its implementation is problematic and needs to be worked on. they regard the protocol protocol as on the whole as an acceptable compromise between the positions of all the different groups in northern ireland. because the protocol does not have national or the center ground what they want to they, they voted to stay in the european union and it doesn't give us what they want. instead, it's hard to mitigate. the impact of brags that on northern ireland and take account of the strong preference there to remain in the european union. so what's the way out now? i mean, is there a creative solution? what are the options? and we can only hope that the british government is using this in part to exert
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leverage on the european union that the end game for the british government is indeed negotiated settlement with the european union. and that this isn't intended to exert further pressure on the this bill will take quite some time to go through parliament. it may be imposed by substantial member number of tori and peace. it may be opposed in the house of lords in the u. k. so there's no certainty that this bill will be passed, but while it's in progress, perhaps it will help you pay to exert leverage on the you, although, and you know, it has really damage relationships with the you. so any advantage to the british government maybe outweighed by that, if they actually go ahead with this, they will be running roughshod over and the, the wishes of majority in northern ireland and the, the aim of avoiding heart border and ireland daugherty,
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professor of political science and since you allergy at the national university of ireland in galway. thank you, sir, for your time. thank you. ah, 1st of all, you should understand that you're delivering over the weapons is the shortest way to the piece. because now we have 10 times. russia has more tillery weapons more hold it, so them ukrainian soldiers. and even in this, a balance that ukraine make a counter attack. and ukraine surprised the world by stopping the so called sac. i'm biggest army in the world, which is not true. or that's why for the d. s. we need 3 things. weapons, weapons, and weapons. evans weapons, weapons, former ukrainian president, a petro for shank. they're talking to the w news earlier. steve urgently calling for more heavy weapons and ammunition as it stocks dwindle around,
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50 defense ministers from nato and counterparts from around the world are meeting in brussels to discuss military aid to ukraine. u. s. defense secretary lloyd austin, confirm that more weapons will be on their way. and i'm especially pleased to be able to announce today that united states will provide an additional $1000000000.00, a security assistant package for ukraine. and that includes our 12 draw down from d or d inventory since august of 2021. and it includes guided emma laura's munitions, 18 more m triple 7 howitzers. and the time to call vehicles to told them and 36000 rounds of 155 millimeter ammunition and u. s. army general mark milly, a chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, reiterated what was at stake importance. war on ukraine. the world has
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a significant stake in the outcome of what happens in ukraine. so call roles base international order is at stake. that has been in place. suzanne of world war 2 to prevent great power war and to prevent large powers from conquering smaller countries with military force. and we can cross over now to robert person that professor of international relations at the u. s. military academy at west point, he is speaking to us in a personal capacity, a very warm welcome to the day sir. good to have you with us. are we just hurt their data against stepping up? are pledging to provide more military support. it is substantial, but is it too late? you know, i think it really is important to remember that many of us have been predicting for a long time that this would be a long drawn out conflict. it's going to be
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a slow slog for ukraine. not just to defend its territory, but to perhaps go on the offensive and begin to reclaim much of the territory that russia has seized since february 24th. and so in that respect, you know, certainly, you know, they could have used more weaponry ah, yesterday, and ages ago. but at this point, i think anything that the western i, nations and partners of ukraine can deliver to key to use as quickly as possible can only assist ukraine in staying in this fight long enough to hopefully begin to reverse some of the gains that russia has made over the last couple of months now does beg the question? of course, if this does end up being an open ended conflict is western resolve sustainable?
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of course, that's the $1000000.00 question is just how long the united states are, the european union and other partners are willing to stand by ukraine with ah, meaningful, substantive. but yes, costly assistance to repel the russian invasion of and you know, here i would, i would go back to the statement by general, milly that you just played on. which is to say that the implications of this fight extend far beyond eastern europe. far beyond europe. in eurasia, and really go to the, the heart of global security and stability that has maintained peace and prosperity for much the world for the last many, many decades. you know, when general milly speaks about the rules based international order. you know, this is, this is a concept, this is a construct that has, you know, benefited all of us and to the degree that rushes actions upset that order and
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threaten it's very survival of it. i it's, it's something i believe that that is worth investing in something worth fighting for. obviously, that may be difficult for the publics of these countries to understand. um, and to appreciate why some of the costs that they're being asked to bear in support of ukraine aren't just about ukraine, but they're about our fundamental national security interests as well. what is the picture that is emerging right now from the war in ukraine? we're now 3 months in and especially, you know, what conclusions can you now draw about the military strength of russia? so you know, we've learned a lot in the last, in the last couple months and we've learned a lot about both the capabilities and the resolve of the russian military and the ukranian military. i think one of the things that we've come to appreciate as
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russia has abandoned it's early military objectives of seizing keith is that this is a conflict that generally seems to favor the side that is playing defense. it's relatively easier and less costly to defend a square kilometer of territory than it is to go on the offensive. and so as the fight now concentrates in eastern ukraine in the don't boss, i think it's important to take that into account as we begin to think about the future trajectory of the war to the degree that it is able, i believe that russia will try to certainly extend its footprint in the don't boss as we're seeing, but also try to consolidate those gains. so the more that russia is able to control and consolidate occupied territory. now, i think the harder it is going to be for ukraine to displace them later. and so, i think ukraine's efforts and by extension our efforts supporting ukraine really
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ought to be oriented towards preventing the consolidation and further gains of russian territory in the east. while the person professor of international relations at the u. s. military academy at west point, he has been speaking to us today in a personal capacity. sir, we appreciate your time. thank you. thank you. ah. it's almost impossible for russians to access impartial information about the war in ukraine. censorship laws have led to the closure of all independent new sources . one of the last in the panels, wires are t. v. news to end broadcasting from russia with rain t v. they shut down operations in moscow on the 3rd of march. and last broadcast cast cut then to a taped version of swami referencing state t. v practice. sylvia times. and
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i am happy to welcome to the day take on so yet go or editor in chief of rain tv onto the day. thank you very much for your time, sir. it's good to be with you all. great. and i almost her having good to be with you. save you rain has was the 1st to shut down in the early days of the war. can you take us back to that very moment when a crackdown was announced on the media and how did you and your colleagues experience that moment? well, it was very, very difficult. on the one hand, on the other hand, it was very, very woo times. we were working 247. we had only only you to $25000000.00 views per day. and most of them were from russia, from russian years,
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which meant for us that a russian audience was eager to get it and put in information about what was happening in ukraine work. unfortunately, we had to shut down our operation. the was because our website was locked in there, russia lo makers, adopted and you lowest seen that a you could face up to 15 years in jail if you spread. so cool seeking is information about russian military activities in the ukraine. and we were forced to leave, but what it is important to know is that we are planning to relaunch our operating . and i hope that in a month or so to rain we'll, we'll, we'll be re launching, we, we'll spread real information about what is happening in russia and ukraine and all over the world to our audience. i will ask you about that in just a moment,
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but 1st can you give us an idea of where people now get their news from inside russia? well, almost all of independent websites are blocked. now, you know, russia almost all of social media pages are blocked now in russia such as facebook and twitter and instagram telegram is not blocked yet. maybe you chip is not blocked yet. maybe, of course, a lot of people are using a vpn services to get access to the blocked web sites. but of course, of the same time, we understand that the possibility for the russian audience to get access to these blocks website is now smaller than it used to be. but as long as i understand, as long as i know a lot of russians, because audience inside russia are still getting information from independent media
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sources, for example, me and my wife or the news director at tv rain, you know, because we are having our oh, and individual youtube channel. now, where we are in use about this war and it has more than 200006 scriber's. and most of them are from russia. interesting. you, as you reference, you will be broadcasting now from another country. if i understand correctly. how that's correct, how do you intend to reach your audience and who is your intended audience? well, we have now 2 important challenges. the 1st challenge is to how to get information from russia. and the 2nd challenge is how to deliver the information into russia. we understand that the we understand that we have to deal
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a network of anonymous sources inside inside of russia. but at the same time, we understand that the level of request of the independence in russia is huge. so, russian audience in russia is our main already have the same time. the 2nd, our audience ease, the russian speaking people who left russia maybe now, maybe 30 years ago, maybe 20 years ago. they are now somehow connected because of this war. they are somehow connected. now, because of the consequences of the works. so i think that the independent reporting now is very much appreciated by the people who are speaking russia because you, you, you,
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you could get these information about 80 percent of the russians who support the war. but this is just not true, a lot, a lot, a lot of people in russia, they do not support the war and they want to get an independent information about what has had to be in there. now, at this moment, as you know, it is difficult to see how ties between russia and europe can be repaired, with the war going on. what is the message to people who want to support the russian people? my message is that the res, russia, rece, russia, the russians and the russians, russians, they are not kremlin. they are not put in a lot of russians who do not support the war. they are afraid of speaking about the war. they are afraid of going to go in protesting to the streets. but people are different. the important thing that i, you know, that
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a lot of pressure, the are the, are against this terrible horrible war. and the one they are country to be a democratic beautiful country. i had to teach on a former editor in chief of rain t v. thank you very much for this conversation. thank you. for the u. s. federal reserve has approved its largest single interest rate hike in almost 30 years. signaling a more aggressive path to raining in the countries stubbornly high inflation. the 3 quarters of a percentage point increase is the fed's largest since 1994. it's a departure from the half point high telegraphed in recent weeks. one that more investors anticipated. following the latest economic data,
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us consumer prices in may, grew at a pace not seen in 40 years, with costs for food, gas, and housing. searching that was the day as ever the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter at dw news. my handle is la la rock. i'd very much look forward to seeing you tomorrow . thanks for taking as part of your day. ah ah
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ah ah, with ah. art see asian members die? what are contemporary artists doing to help the community improve its standard of living
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with next on d w. oh, do you have to get out out of the hotels on the bulgarian black sea coast, ukrainian refugees of keating. there rooms for the tourists, but where can they go? from gary is considered do tourist e u countries? there is still a lot of similarity for how much longer i focus on europe. in 60 minutes on d. w. ah. hello guys. this is the 77 percent the platform for
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africa. you beat issues and share ideas you know, or this. i know we are not afraid to happen delicate topic because population is growing and young people clearly have the solution. the future belongs to the 77 percent every weekend on d. w with a to read through.

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