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tv   Made in Germany  Deutsche Welle  June 22, 2022 2:30am-3:01am CEST

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for this, perhaps the greatest leonardo masterpiece in the collection of the louvre and no, it is not the mona lisa. it is the virgin of the rocks, 2 versions, multiple copies, and a hidden drawing. was there another symbolic meaning to this beautiful painting that perhaps we just don't understand? the switch for answers starts july 7th on d w. ah, ah ah. ah. i just love it. whenever i'm too lazy to take my bike to work or walk all the way to the subway station,
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i just take one of these rental e scooters. you can pick up everywhere in berlin nowadays. chicken via my phone. and off i go zipping through traffic. it's ideas like these that have made our lives more comfortable. technology, the engine of growth. that is our topic this week on made. i'm chris kolber walk. besides a look at electric mobility, our show will feature new robots for the kitchen and the field. the question whether genetic engineering can help save the environment and a straw around the metaphors. admittedly, there are emissions and people harmed and accidents. nevertheless, the automobile is a global success story, enabling reliable individual mobility regardless of distance, time tables or by the conditions remains a phenomenal concept. to this day, karl bends us pat, motor car, in 18. 86 rang in the era of the automobile. in 1913 henry ford introduced assembly
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line production, the model t became the 1st affordable car for the masses. and detroit, the global heart of the auto industry. until smaller, more fuel efficient models, the market b fox begun bug became the best selling car in the world. toyota introduced just in time production, which is now suffering under supply chain strengths. the whole industry is in the middle of a huge overhaul. with tesla had ellen musk regarded as the pioneer of electric mobility and a whole sector seeming to take its lead from him, including one of the biggest production sites in india. as our colleague, julia henley's months, reports east in india can, i, is known by many as the detroit of the subcontinent. young talent comes here in droves because this is where most of the countries cause a produced. it's here that most engineers are trained as well.
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engineers likes when a last have rady, the 25 year old is from a neighboring region and now lives in chennai. every morning she commutes to one of india's nineties to comic has mckendra that she lacks as a systems engineer on the cause hardware. it's a stroke of good fortune for her family, mar farmers. my hinder has taken me side of his mind a lot for my family. i'm very happy. like as i don't like just to rule only not, not only son has to feed there been and we also can subordinate for this young engineer and many other workers just starting out in their careers. mckendra is a dream job. chin i is a favourable location for industry logistically,
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it's better connected than other cities in the country g to its port. but that's not the only reason why so many automakers settled in the city. early on, the local government decided to attract entrepreneurs, including swan, a lattice employer, mckendra. of course, when you come to them loudly, you get a lower manufacturing cost by waykell compared to any other location in the world. and therefore, that's an additional benefit that you get. and in order to boost the investments godwin, give you land and a day cheaper rate to be electricity than b cut or input packs. ah, then based on you are investment. they also give subsidies on your ideas. davids are selling rates or taxes, for therefore you get multiple advantages. german manufacturers are also benefiting
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b. m. w builds 12 different models here, all for the local market. one particularly attractive aspect is the comparatively cheap and well trained workforce. and india's political stability. the society, the government, the administration knows how to deal with the industry and we have a lot of capable companies settled down here close by to support us to supply us. and this is a unique situation we puff can perform very well. the frontier of the auto industry electron mobility, that's because indian cities are increasingly drown in smoke. but from 2035, india only wants to authorize new 0 emission vehicles and manufacturers a gearing up for that challenge. mckendra is already a pioneer in india,
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in electric $2.00 and $3.00 willis. it already has its own electric cars, and more models are set to follow. why indra rio electric levy looks really good. they thought better. a policeman up near the cost of diesel is very, very high. ah, in the reason the of is and is it is causing war under group is vanita. and that's that i have not seen in my lifetime. thought it is pushing are the electron mobility in the toilet in busty under 3 will industry very, very fast. it is happening now. elderly. the toilet and dusty is growing at a dead rapid base. i. i believe we're 40 percent 30 to 40 percent. if we can expect to buy another property, if volkswagen has just signed a preliminary agreement with my hinder for its electric vehicle technology, this would make me hinder the world's largest buyer of the german companies tech. back to our engineers formula to radio specialized in electric mobility at
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university to pursue her career. she's moved away from her tight knit family, but she still chaps to them every evening. it's a winning situation for many people in can i, workers earn well, while the city gets a new generation of ambitious employee. now as we just saw, the more modern production is the less it seems to involve humans, people bolting together cars is increasingly a thing of the past. ellen musk, the head of tesla wants to fully automate factories. humans are only to play the role of the customer and he has no house with some more visions on car manufacturing of the future. robots could soon do the factory. machines will build other machines in the factories of the future, says tesla founder, ilan mosque. no humans required. intelligent robots
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will make other robots and communicate in machine language. they'll help one another and divvy up tasks like bees in a hive. moving around independently, they'll react flexibly to new requirements and interact with components on which new instructions are stored. all processes will be stored and monitored in the cloud. humans will only come to the plant as customers to pick up their finished car hold. the idea of the factory as once huge machine may fascinate human musk. but what will become of the people who worked in the auto industry? will they all be unemployed? a world without work, the end of national economies, not necessarily technological disruptions, always create new jobs. and skilled workers are hard to find anyway.
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that's because in most industrialized nations, the population pyramid is upside down. massive automation liberates people from heavy physical labor ended significantly increases productivity, which has barely been growing in industrialized nations. more efficient production means lower prices. if everyone can afford an electric car, electro mobility will also make progress and with it, climate protection. so has even mosque achieved his dream? not quite so far, he hasn't been able to completely replace humans with robots. his new factory and brandon book will still employed 12000 humans. and there are even bolger visions, adams and molecules that organize themselves independently, to build cellphones, cars, and even airplanes. without consuming resources or producing more waste.
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you won't need factory walls robots or he lammas. for now, though robots are hard at work around the world, south korea uses the most industrial robots around $900.00 per $10000.00 workers. japan follows with 400, not far behind is germany. the united states and france use considerably fewer, but robots are not only needed in manufacturing, but also in traditional agriculture. where to the stay labor remains arduous and tiring. ah, will robots take over? robots are being given more and more functions. but are they is able, as humans and ready to adapt to human needs. i
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think that really depends on the application. i mean, there are few swear robots. ah, better than humans. i mean, most obviously a don't get time that they can go up 247. so this is a huge advantage of robots and they're all it so applications fair robots and just perform better benjamins, for example. those typical industrial pick and place applications robots are way fast them way more accurate than human flu? in the food industry, robots play many roles from harvesting agricultural products to preparing full blown meals. ah, this autonomous mobile robot moves through an arm and orchard using a camera to identify and target pest infested almonds. it then shoots them with an air powered pellet gun. ah,
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the rover was invented to improve the traditional process of harvesting almonds, which commonly and bombs, whacking the trees with long sticks or violently shaking a tree to remove them from washing with web eggs and still be a huge improvement where robots and be a huge hold for human, especially like it's kind of work seems to be quite exhausting or, or what contributes to more easy than a human. stevenson is robot looks like a bunch of bananas. it's designed to hold objects and to adapt to their shapes and sizes, using sensors and air pressure. ah, it could be worn as a glove to supplement finger movement minimizing the amount of muscle activity needed. this could benefit people with injuries with limited mobility or with other trauma to their fingers. ah,
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i think there are some applications where they are really helpful, but used only on the road. so not necessarily, but really just the grid for it to put the application is a little bit limited because my tops are determined how exactly it is not grass. my object, i with the greatest application and combinations different you who do have you ever imagined having a meal at home, fully prepared by robots. this is now within the realm of possibility, with a fully robotic kitchen in your own home. it can cook from scratch using more than 5000 different recipes. and you can even customize your own.
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ah, the robotic kitchen is already on the market and it's even capable of watching the dishes. now if that's not worth every penny, i see that some people i think it's it's, it's not really necessary to have something like this. but my opinion, i, i'm a big fan of robots, but i also think it's probably too expensive to be re available for the daily kitchen in the near future. ah, ah, robots are those things so such humans working together with humans? i think there will be much more human role. what kind of race actually to the
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smartphones, for example, every person would be able to use robots for them. so actually be able to program them now possible with very easy programming concepts. but i think they cannot and will not replace humans at humans, at least definitely not in the near future. and also, i'm not sure even in the long term, we are much more creative. we can think out of the box if there are any unforeseen problems. i think until robots are able to solve such situations a long time ago now made from flesh and blood is this high performing individual. a growing world population needs a growing amount of food. that is why we selectively breed the dairy cows for more
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milk, pigs with extra ribs, and genetically engineer salmon to make them grow faster. could these technologies make meat milk and dairy more sustainable? and just because we can do it, should we manage their mosley hand? they're the pride and joy if they have readers with squeezing as much as we can out of our animals. the world is getting ever hungry. f a meat and milk, but by pushing animals to their limits, we're doing the same to our planet. but if we can turn our animals into food production machines, couldn't, we also breed them to be more environmentally friendly? sheep, the, tim, it's less methane salmon, but need less food. this is hardly an equal to cornish, where can i sit fuel generics? i can't come up with a solution. scientists are working on designing more sustainable animals spies, selective breeding, or even by artificially changing their genetic code. revolutionary ways to make
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food production more sustainable or a dangerous manipulation of nature. for more than 10000 years, we humans of optimized corn and rice harvests and engineered zucchini to be non toxic, sheep stronger, and wolves, more obedient. we've been doing this very successfully. this is professor john, do pray. he's an expert on the ethical aspects of animal breeding, rob, i mean, you know, if you, if you could pay the growth rate to the sizes of animals. yes, over the last 2 decades. i mean, it's been enormous increases in productivity. the hunger for more and cheaper meter milk has led to chickens that seem fully grown at 20 days. double muscled cattle and pigs borne with jolla, extra ribs. there's not much more room probably in m increasing yields in 1961 a single cow in the u. s produced to 9 liters of milk per day to days. cows produce
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an average of 28 liters. that means that 3 breeding, the carbon footprint of one glass of milk is a 3rd of what it was many decades ago. cow, still burp and font greenhouse gas is, but they also produce much more milk. however, a far higher milk consumption worldwide negates these savings in emissions. and as a brutal flipside to such food production to animals that live in horrific conditions or grow far faster or heavier than their bodies can cope with. and one factor is driving this to ever greater extremes. meets the best me be best could meet you. right, right. me consumption is booming around the world. while the global population has roughly tripled in the past 60 years. meat production has increased fivefold with richer countries devouring most of it. livestock farming requires enormous
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quantities of water and agricultural land for animal feed and contributes more than 14 percent of all man made greenhouse gas emissions. and regardless as to how productive our livestock is, the way we produce al food is disastrous for the planet. that's why some research as the trying to improve livestock sustainability, either by selective breeding or by artificially changing the animal's genes. the atlantic salmon bread by aqua valley is a safe, secure, and sustainable alternative for any one looking for fresh salmon that is good for. and good for the planet. the company aqua bounty from us is that their genetically modified fish is more sustainable than traditionally produced salmon. they introduced to genes from other wild fish to create what they call aqua advantage salmon. the super salmon are supposed to grow twice as fast as usual, salmon, and require up to 25 percent less feed, the more efficiently we can produce fish, the better for the planet. right?
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this is not about an sustainability that is not about producing better animals. this is about producing a genetically engineered product to the profit of the company. this is donna pulse from the n g o friends of the us who advocates against this practice. enrique here at cb, there's a lot of things that is, that is confidential. this information. we asked the company for a statement and access to their scientific data, but hadn't received an answer. by the time we made this video, the us food and drug administration approved the fish unsafe to eat in 2015. but the decisions saw heavy backlash from civil society and environmental groups. they took the company to court. there's some evidence highlighted lewis to be genetically engineered salmon bleed with wild salmon that within a couple generations, mild salmon. and not only are ecosystems at risk,
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the potential benefits of artificial genetic engineering can come at a price undesirable mutations and side effects. in 2020 a u. s. court ruled that the f d. a had failed to sufficiently investigate. the environmental consequences of approving genetically engineered salmon despite this one wholesaler has recently begun to sell the fish to restaurants in the us and canada. but what about less invasive selective breeding? that's when animals with the desired features, a cross bred with each other to boost or to say all certain traits, their genes are not directly modified or the sheep has won an award, or rather its creators were honored for their contribution to mitigating climate change. and where else could the sheep of being bred than in new zealand, where she pout number humans, 6 to one greatest sustainability in its meat and wool industries is key for the country's own net 0 target. we place a clue, discover that we can,
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we can breathe full unless we think this is dr. suzanne ro, for years she has looked at how she could burp out, fewer climate damaging gases. we can change the, the bugs that are in the stomach that break down the feet. and we can change the amount of methane that's emitted. every generation of sheep bread here emits slightly less methane than the previous one, an effect that accumulates over time. so our lowest, the missing sheep and the highest, the missing she around 25 to 30 percent different doctor row says that apart from burping and floating less methane, the sheep are as healthy, unproductive as their high emitting companions. and even meet the criteria for organic farming. to selectively breed the low methane shape, the scientists 1st have to find the nest, gassy ones. so they put the sheep into a special high tech chamber and let them get windy. the sheep here are only used for research purposes, then not sold. the institute is traveling the country,
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measuring the methane levels of sheep, regardless of breed. this means farms can select the more sustainable animals themselves. the so called font chamber could potentially also be used for other graces to. currently, the only genetically engineered animals approved for consumption are found in the us and canada. the u is still far from making such a step, but environmentalists and consumer rights advocates fear that could one day change . meanwhile, the u. k. government has already proposed legislation allowing for the commercial development of gene edited lifestyle. it seems to me likely that least this, these could be on some of our plates in the next few years. ah, let say within the next 5 years, genetic intervention raises questions about potential risks to the environment as well as undesirable side effects. selective breeding could be a safer and more viable alternative but with demand more effort and time. what's
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also clear is that the problems that come with milken meat production won't be solved by simply altering our animals. we see our world is often a complicated one. so why don't we step out of it for a 2nd? because we are able to create a reality that is much more pleasant digitally of course maximilian from mouth on how that goes. what is the mit averse skiing in your living room? jumping from colorful world as super mario or floating weightless lee in space. it sounds crazy, but it will all be normal soon in a digital universe of unlimited possibilities. it's an ex, big thing at facebook, microsoft invidia and the like. but how's? it's supposed to work. met averse a virtual space where anyone can walk around as an avatar play games and meet other avatars and internet. you can enter and find yourself in a colorful 3 d world online stores, video games, crypto currencies,
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anything available on the net will also be available here. oh, you don't scroll through the amazon site, you walk through a virtual amazon department store, and by what you like, this merging of world should be fun and useful. you've in greek, your business partner with a handshake though, you're miles away. you could celebrate a birthday with your family who live on another continent or give your favorite uncle of big virtual hug. but there are also dangerous lurking in this 3 d world, as we know from the internet. misinformation hate speech and fraud, just to name a few metaphors can do all that and much more. but is it both a blessing and a curse? well, to me, it sounds like there's huge potential there. and i'm sure that will show you much more on the walk in internet in our upcoming shows for now. thanks for watching
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with ah, with
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the secret more between iran on the west side and on the older israel and the united states. ah, why doesn't he ever seem to end? for over 40 years old medic efforts have failed. probably. there has never been any
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real dialogue. the 2nd part of our documentary, the longer is with 15 minutes on d w. e glacier in provide nourishment in baton for both body and soul. ah, but climate change is threatening this balance. ah, the movies are adapting to these shifts with innovative strategies. global 3090 minutes on d. w. o . o what
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people have to say matters to us and i am that's why we listened to their stories reporter every weekend on d. w. go mike speaking, how can miss national hatred of a people be explained a gold comp. oh, a history of anti semitism is a history of stigmatization and exclusion of religious and political power struggles. interesting christianity wants to convert. that is why christianity used the figure of the jew as little tesla. it's a history of slender, of hatred. and violence is the puppies. memorial arm then on the jews were considered, sir, this is evil. recently filled with the most atrocious chapter. a 3rd of our people were exterminated. $6000000.00 jews, like microbes to be annihilated. even 77 years after the holocaust hatred towards
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jews is still pervasive. a history of anti semitism starts july, 2nd on d, w. ah, this is d w. news line from berlin. more russian attacks in eastern ukraine. the governor of hans says everything that can burn is already on fire. as russian missiles, rain down, ukraine is still waiting for more happy weapons from the west. a double that a crisis escalades between russia and little.


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