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tv   Made in Germany  Deutsche Welle  June 22, 2022 1:30pm-2:00pm CEST

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a colton go. a history of anti semitism is a history of stigmatization and exclusion of religious and political power struggles. it's a history of slender, of hatred and violence, or even 77 years after the holocaust hatred towards jews is still pervasive. oh, a history that you semitism starts july 2nd on d w ah, ah, ah ah, ah, ah, i just love it. whenever i'm too lazy to take my bike to work or walk all the way to the subway station. i just take one of these rental
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e scooters. you can pick up everywhere in berlin nowadays. chicken via my phone. and off i go zipping through traffic. it's ideas like these that have made our lives more comfortable. technology, the engine of growth. that is our topic this week on made. i'm chris cobra. welcome . besides a look at electric mobility, our show will feature new robots for the kitchen and the field. the question whether genetic engineering can help save the environment and a straw around the metaphors. admittedly, there are emissions and people harmed and accidents. nevertheless, the automobile is a global success story, enabling reliable individual mobility regardless of distance, time tables or by the conditions remains a phenomenal concept. to this day karl bends us pat. motor car, in 18. 86 rang in the era of the automobile. in 1913 henry ford introduced assembly
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line production, the model t became the 1st affordable car for the masses. and detroit, the global heart of the auto industry until smaller, more fuel efficient models, the market b fox begun bug, became the best selling car in the world. toyota introduced just in time production, which is now suffering under supply chain strengths. the whole industry is in the middle of a shoe to overhaul with tesla had ellen musk regarded as the pioneer of electric mobility and a whole sector seeming to take its lead from him, including one of the biggest production sites in india. as our colleague julia, henry must reports east in india can. i is known by many as the detroit of the subcontinent. young talent comes here in droves because this is where most of the countries cars are produced. it's here that most engineers are trained as well. engineers likes when a latter rady,
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the 25 year old is from a neighboring region and now lives in chennai. every morning she commutes to one of indiana's largest carmakers mckendra. there she works as a systems engineer on the cause hardware. it's a stroke of good fortune for her family law for their performance. my hinder has taken me inside this a basement a lot for my family. i'm very happy. like as a daughter, like just a rule. only not, not only sons has to feed their barons that are destiny. i was looking toward our family for this young engineer and many other workers just starting out in their careers. mckendra is a dream job. chin i is a favourable location for industry logistically. it's better connected than other
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cities in the country g to its port. but that's not the only reason why so many automakers settled in the city. early on, the local government decided to attract entrepreneurs, including swan, a lattice employer, mckendra. of course, when you come to them, largely you get a lower manufacturing of cost by waykell compared to any other location in the world. and therefore that's an additional benefit that you get. and in order to boost the investments godwin, give you land and a debt cheaper rate to be electricity. then they cut in put backs, and then uh, based on your investment, they also do subsidies on you or ideas. davids are selling goods or taxes, for therefore you get multiple advantages. german manufacturers are also benefiting b. m. w builds 12 different models here,
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all for the local market. one particularly attractive aspect is the comparatively cheap and well trained workforce. and india's political stability. the society, the government, the administration knows how to deal with the industry and we have a lot of capable companies are settled down here close by to support us to supply us. and this is a unique situation where you can perform very well. the frontier of the auto industry electron mobility, that's because indian cities are increasingly drown in smoke. but from 2035, india only wants to authorize new 0 emission vehicles and manufacturers a gearing up for that challenge. mckendra is already a pioneer in india, in electric, $2.00 and $3.00 wheelers. it already has its own electric cars and more models,
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a set to follow. why indra rio electric previous really did a so to pizza, a policeman up near the cost of the diesel is very, very high. ah, the electron mobility in the toilet, in busty under 3 will industry are very, very fast. it is happening now. well to be the toilet and dusty is growing at a debt rapid bass i. i believe we're what people send 30 to 40 percent if we can expect to buy another book appears. volkswagen has just signed a preliminary agreement with mckendra for it's electric vehicle technology. this would make me hinder the world's largest buyer of the german companies tack back to our engineers swan allotted radio specialized in electric mobility at university to pursue her career. she's moved away from her tight knit family, but she still chucks to them every evening. it's
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a winning situation for many people in can i, workers earn well, while the city gets a new generation of ambitious employees. now as we just saw, the more modern production is the less it seems to involve humans, people bolting together cars is increasingly a thing of the past. ellen musk, the head of tesla wants to fully automate factories. humans are only to play the role of the customer and he has no hours with some more visions on car manufacturing of the future. robots could soon do the factory. machines will build other machines in the factories of the future, says tesla founder, ilan mosque. no humans required. intelligent robots will make other robots and communicate in machine language. they'll help one another and divvy up tasks like bees in a hive. moving around independently,
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they'll react flexibly to new requirements and interact with components on which new instructions are stored. all processes will be stored and monitored in the cloud. humans will only come to the plant as customers to pick up their finished car. the idea of a factory, as one huge machine may fascinate you, learn musk, but what will become of the people who worked in the auto industry? will they all be unemployed? a world without work, the end of national economies, not necessarily technological disruptions, always create new jobs. and skilled workers are hard to find anyway. that's because in most industrialized nations, the population pyramid is upside down. massive automation, liberates people from heavy physical labor. and it's significantly increases
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productivity, which has barely been growing in industrialized nations. more efficient production means lower prices. if everyone can afford an electric car, electro mobility will also make progress and with it, climate protection. so has iran mosque achieved his dream? not quite so far, he hasn't been able to completely replace humans with robots. his new factory and brandon book will still employed 12000 humans. there are even bolger visions, adams and molecules that organize themselves independently, to build cellphones, cars, and even airplanes. without consuming resources or producing more waste, you won't need factory walls robots or he lammas.
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for now though robots are hard at work around the world, south korea uses the most industrial robots around $900.00 per $10000.00 workers. japan follows with 400. not far behind is germany. the united states and france use considerably fewer, but robots are not only needed in manufacturing, but also in traditional agriculture. where to this day, labor remains arduous and tiring. ah will robots. takeover robots are being given more and more functions. but are they is able, as humans and ready to adapt to human needs. i think that really depends on the application. i mean there are few whereabouts are better than humans. i mean, most obviously they don't get time that they can go up 247. so this is
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a huge advantage over once and they're all in so applications for robots and just the phone better than, for example, those typical industrial pick and place applications robots are way past them way more accurate than human flu. in the food industry robots play many roles from harvesting agricultural products to preparing full blown meals. ah, this autonomous mobile robot moved through an arm and orchard using the camera to identify and target as infested almonds. it then shoots them with an air powered pellet gun. ah, the rover was invented to improve the traditional process of harvesting almonds, which commonly involves whacking the trees with long sticks or violently shaking
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a tree to remove them from washing with web egg can still be a huge improvement where robots and be a huge hold for human, especially like it's kind of work seems to be quite exhausting. robots, it's more easy than a human dismissal. is robot. looks like a bunch of bananas. it's designed to hold objects and to adapt to their shapes and sizes, using sensors and air pressure. it could be worn as a glove to supplement finger movement minimizing the amount of muscle activity needed could benefit people with injuries with limited mobility or with other trauma to their fingers. ah, i think there are some applications where they are really helpful, but i'm used to only on
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a real noticeable but really just a vacation is a little bit limited because my tops are determined how exactly it is good, not grass. my object i with and combinations different. who do have you ever imagined having a meal at home, fully prepared by robots. this is now within the realm of possibility, with a fully robotic kitchen in your own home. it can cook from scratch using more than 5000 different recipes. and you can even customize your own. ah,
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the robotic kitchen is already on the market and it's even capable of watching the dishes. now if that's not worth every penny, i see that some people i think it's it's, it's not really necessary to have something like this. but my opinion, i'm a big fan of robots. but i also think it's probably too expensive to be available for daily kitchen in the near future. ah, robot. i was saying so such humans and working so. so together with humans, i think there will be much more human role. what kind of race actually to the smartphones, for example, every person would be able to use robots for actually be able to program them is
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now possible with very easy programming concepts. but i think they cannot and will not replace humans at humans. at least definitely not in the near future. and also, i'm not sure even in the long term. we are much more creative. you can think out of the books if there are any unforeseen problems. i think until robots are able to solve such situations a long time ago now made from flesh and blood is this high performing individual. a growing world population needs a growing amount of food. that is why we selectively breed dairy cows for more milk, pigs with extra ribs, and genetically engineer salmon to make them grow faster. could these technologies make meat milk and dairy more sustainable?
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and just because we can do it, should we knowledge, they're mostly hands there, the pride and joy of their breeders with squeezing as much as we can out of our animals. the world is getting ever hungry. f a meat and milk. but by pushing animals to their limits were doing the same to our planet. but if we can turn our animals into food production machines, couldn't we also breed them to be more environmentally friendly? sheep the, tim, it's less methane salmon but need less food. this is hardly an ecological nature where genetic fuel generics. i can't come up with a solution. scientists are working on designing more sustainable animals spies, selective breeding, or even by artificially changing their genetic code. revolutionary ways to make food production more sustainable or a dangerous manipulation of nature. for more than 10000 years,
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we humans have optimized corn and rice harvests and engineered zucchini to be non toxic, sheep, stronger, and wolves, more obedient. we've been doing this very successfully. this is professor john, do pray. he's an expert on the ethical aspects of animal breeding, rob, i mean, you know, if you, if you compare the growth rate to the sizes of animals. yes, over the last 2 decades, i mean, this bleed enormous increases in productivity. the hunger for more and cheaper meet him milk has led to chickens that seemed fully grown at 20 days. double muscled cattle and pigs borne with jolla. extra ribs, there's not much more room probably in m increasing yields in 1961, a single cow in the u. s. produced 9 liters of milk per day to days. cows produce an average of 28 liters. that means that 3 breeding the carbon footprint of one glass of milk is a 3rd of what it was many decades ago. cow,
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still burp and font greenhouse gases, but they also produce much more milk. however, a far higher milk consumption worldwide negates these savings in emissions and as a brutal flipside to such food production to animals that live in her rift conditions or grow far faster or heavier than their bodies can cope with. and one factor is driving this to ever greater extremes meets the best me be best could meet you. thank you right. me. consumption is booming around the world. while the global population has roughly tripled in the past 60 years meet production has increased fivefold with richer countries devouring most of it. livestock farming requires enormous quantities of water and agricultural land for animal feed and contributes more than 14 percent of all man made greenhouse gas emissions. and regardless as to how productive our livestock is,
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the way we produce al food is disastrous for the planet. that's why some research is trying to improve livestock sustainability, either by selective breeding or by artificially changing the animals genes. the atlantic salmon bread by aqua building is a safe, secure, and sustainable alternative for any one looking for a fresh salmon that is good for them. and good for the planet. the company ac labounty from us is that they are genetically modified. fish is more sustainable than traditionally produced salmon. they introduced to genes from other wild fish to create what they call aqua advantage salmon. the super salmon is supposed to grow twice as fast as usual, salmon, and require up to 25 percent less feed, the more efficiently we can produce fish, the better for the planet. right? this is not about sustainability that is not about producing better animals. this is the outward in seeing
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a genetically engineered product to the profit of the company. this is donna pulse from the n g o friends of the earth, who advocates against this practice. enrique here, there's a lot of things that is, that is confidential business information. we asked the company for a statement and access to their scientific data, but hadn't received an answer. by the time we made this video, the us food and drug administration approved the fish unsafe to eat in 2015. but the decisions saw heavy backlash from civil society and environmental groups. they took the company to court. there's some good evidence highlighted lucas, of genetically engineered salmon bleed with wild salmon that within a couple generations piled salmon. and not only are ecosystems at risk, the potential benefits of artificial genetic engineering can come at a price undesirable mutations and side effects. in 2020
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a u. s. court ruled that the f d. a had failed to sufficiently investigate. the environmental consequences of approving genetically engineered salmon despite this one wholesaler has recently begun to sell the fish to restaurants in the us and canada. but what about less invasive selective breeding? that's when animals with the desired features, a cross bred with each other to boost or to say those certain traits, their genes are not directly modified. or this shape has won an award, or rather its creators were honored for their contribution to mitigating climate change. and where else could the sheep of being bred than in new zealand, where she pout number humans, 6 to one greatest sustainability in its meat and will industries is key for the country's own net 0 target. we place a clue, discovered that we can, we can breathe full unless we think this is dr. suzanne ro, for years she has looked at how she could burp out, fewer climate damaging gases. we can change the,
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the bugs that are in the stomach that break down the fleet. and we can change the amount of methane that's emitted every generation of sheep bread here emits slightly less methane than the previous one. an effect that accumulates over time or are low as the missing sheep and the highest, the missing she around 25 to 30 percent different. dr row says that apart from burping and floating less methane, the sheep are as healthy, unproductive as their high emitting companions. and even meet the criteria for organic farming to selectively breed the low methane shape. the scientists 1st have to find the nest, gassy ones. so they put the sheep into a special high tech chamber and let them get windy. the sheep here are only used for research purposes, then not sold. the institute is traveling the country, measuring the methane levels of sheep regardless of breed. this means farms can select the more sustainable animals themselves. the so called font chamber could
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potentially also be used for other graces to. currently the only genetically engineered animals approved for consumption are found in the us and canada. the u is still far from making such a step, but environmentalists and consumer rights advocates fear that could one day change . meanwhile, the u. k. government has already proposed legislation allowing for the commercial development of gene edited lifestyle. it seems to me likely that least this, these could be on some of our plates in the next few years. ah, let say within the next 5 years, genetic intervention raises questions about potential risks to the environment as well as undesirable side effects. selective breeding could be a safer and more viable alternative, but with demand more effort and time. what's also clear is that the problems that come with mil can meet production won't be solved by simply altering our animals. we see our world is often a complicated one. so why don't we step out of it for
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a 2nd? because we are able to create a reality that is much more pleasant digitally. of course maximilian from mouth on how that goes. what is the met averse skiing in your living room? jumping through colorful world as super mario or floating weightless leon space. it sounds crazy, but it will all be normal soon. in a digital universe of unlimited possibilities. it's in expect thing at facebook, microsoft and video and the like. but how's it supposed to work? met a verse of virtual space where anyone can walk around as an avatar play games and meet other avatars and internet. you can enter and find yourself in a colorful 3 d world online stores, video games, crypto currencies, anything available on the net will also be available here. oh, you don't scroll through the amazon site, you walk through
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a virtual amazon department store, and by what you like. this merging of worlds should be fun and useful. you've been great your business partner with a handshake though you're miles away. you could celebrate a birthday with your family who live on another continent or give your favorite uncle of big virtual hug. but there are also dangers lurking in this 3 d world, as we know from the internet. misinformation hate speech and fraud, just to name a few more diverse can do all that and much more. but is it both a blessing and a curse to me, it sounds like there's huge potential there. and i'm sure that will show you much more on the walk in internet in our upcoming shows for now. thanks for watching with
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ah, with
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you and in her wanda, along to a club that wants to potentially this block. it's part of the government's educational program because for one does unique flora and fauna is threatened. initiatives like this should help raise awareness is the idea of working eco africa. in 30 minutes on
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d w. oh we're all good to go beyond deal with as we take on the world. 8 hours. i do all the fans, we're all about the story that matter to you. whatever it takes. 5 police my follow. i don't know. we are your is actually on fire. made for mines or asia and arctic lovers guide by vibrating asian cities. 5
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a local artists in the unique experience of their craft joined us for exclusive master classes because they found done about i need to do this week on dw ah leo, nor do da vinci's mysterious masterpiece. ah, this perhaps the greatest leonardo masterpiece in the collection of the louvre and no, it is not the mona lisa. it is the virgin of the rocks, 2 versions, multiple copies, and a hidden drawing. was there another symbolic meaning to this beautiful painting that perhaps we just don't understand? a search for answers starts july 7th on d,
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w ah, ah, this is d, w. news live from berlin. a powerful earthquake strikes, eastern afghanistan, state media, say a 1000 to date and many more injured. making it one of the deadliest, quite in dick is also coming up ukrainian troops holding on as russia steps up.


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