tv Opaque Worlds Deutsche Welle June 30, 2022 6:15am-7:00am CEST
citizens are muslims. oh, well that's it for me are documentary series is up next with a look at the rise of shadow wars and those who fight them. don't forget, you can get the latest news on our website. that's d w dot com. you can also find us on twitter and instagram at d. w. news. i'm almeni's to thanks for joining us here at dw. ah, leonardo da vinci's, mysterious masterpiece. that is perhaps the greatest leonardo masterpiece in the collection of the louvre. it is the virgin of the rocks. was there another symbolic meaning to this beautiful painting that perhaps we just don't understand today? the search for answers starts july 7th on
d. w. ah. last night should have looked at shouts. a computer in our computer is shut down the line and then a screen of death appeared on the staff computer was over to skip machine the flash of foot. ah, there's the film, cushioning you, mowgli, with that. but at 1st we couldn't believe something was wrong with our software, new thought, nash, and program them for dr. me doc, the company, software, transportation tax data to financial authorities, logo on the system. they chose software that almost every company and ukraine use go a little. but it's a lithium of good, brilliant. so i knew though we reported it to the cyber police said this, but they didn't come. no, i finally i went there myself. 5 complained and said you are required to respond.
they get over. but it was too late from here, the attackers were able to spread their malware to millions of computers. the name of the virus, not petula. they were asking for money. but if you paid that money was going to go nowhere, they couldn't actually unlock your computer. odessa, southern ukraine. here the computers of the world's largest shipping company maersk were hit in june 2017. none of its $130.00 offices from could access their data and were forced to using pen and paper. and even so it became a super spreader. in the non pet jap, a demick, the estimated damages totaled $10000000.00. it was most consequential cyber attack in history by pure cost and scale with
ports hello. just got the jo haley if sir they came. did their duty and had us all wonderfully arrested vantage in the night. they took out $150.00 servers. that was every thing the company had. simply software had become a weapon, programmed by an invisible group of hackers called sandwich. look for. so we're about saying we're few people took notice that mostly people didn't not theater at the book. the not pitcher was a diversion tactic to cover up the power they had over europe and american hopefully, i mean they're basically pretending to be criminal. ah, to kind of cover their tracks at people for years. how many people do you think are behind this? i'm blown away by the, it's just a handful of people. ah, ah. mm.
hi . jamari soon late as i was sitting in front of the tv, with my wife and son, almost at watching a movie about edward snowden. he, when suddenlink with the power went out to show us, yet he is the moon, the sourcing and yelling of can she live to shingle chaucer? it shall after an hour and a half of power outage or what the water would have frozen and blown the pumps. and whistles in a disaster that would have taken about 6 months to repair the bull gonna he took them an hour, but technicians at state own power company, o'quinn air go, managed to flip the switch as mechanically just in time to prevent damage. the problem was no accident, it was the work of the sand worm group. when his line,
when you're ready, when we don't know these people from me, we don't know their names or who they work for the dealers, but they're not doing it for fun. poaching, they're being paid for in the opposite of a pony. it to crumbled them live, it was a large group of people were involved because they were very fast, and are actively working of several systems. alexia since ski investigated the incident on behalf of the state power company back in 2015, he had noticed unusual server failures at a media company for me at the vulgar competency godless law. when we checked the log files of various computers, we realized how dangerous the situation was. nation will don't wanna get on. the hackers had been penetrating ukrainian networks for months. they scouted out both company is and authorities planting their malware,
discovered an infrastructure in the environment which you don't know. it's something similar as if you tried to discover a house while being completely blind. so that tucker would need to go from one network to another. it's just like walking from one room to another, open in an opening, yet another door until you find that equipment or basically a room which you're looking for, which of heat in behind the located the skita control system. from there, the facilities machinery could be access directly. oh, with virtual access to the control room, the attackers could flip the switches undetected. that's exactly what they plan to do. they placed their code like a time bomb set to the date, december 17th, 2016. the model, these weren't individual action, so it was a well funded, well run organization was the attack on the 300 kilovolt computer controlled
substation was historic. if a computer virus directly attacks machines and systems, it's known as a cyber physical attack, carrying out such attacks is complex, expensive, and therefore rare. only about 10 such incidents are known to have taken place. the 1st occurred in 2009 when the u. s. in israel unleashed the stuck net virus on iranian nuclear facilities. it destroyed 1000 centrifuges in the uranium enrichment facility, a virtual attack with physical consequences. and it opened pandora's box from then on many countries would equip themselves with cyber armies. since then, everybody has really pursued this, this disruptive, destructive capability. ah, robert lee served for
a long time in the u. s. air force. and briefly with the essay. after stuck net, he warned that the u. s. 2 was vulnerable to cyber attacks. as i kind of raised that point up in the government at the time just in the department offense in the air force, a lot of people are like, what are, what are controls us? what, what do you mean? like i all the stuff that we use, like whenever we don't use the same stuff that use in iran. yeah. of course we do actually it's, it's ubiquitous. and, and you could tell, there was this moment for a lot of them were, it was just crazy to think about the blow back effect of creating a capability to do something that revealed vulnerabilities or issues and systems we depend on, on daily basis. ukraine became a testing ground for cyber weaponry. for the corner, the thing only gone means training campbell,
where special military units are trained them all wish tarnished. we believe that in 2015 and 26 team in the whole of ukraine was a training ground for cyber attackers was this attack was not developed specifically for that station with work and any other countries around the globe. the sand warm group had long had access g u. s. networks. as early as 2014 cyber expert john hall quist had warned that u. s. energy suppliers were being spied on. there were a blog and i said look, i don't think they're in these companies to figure out what the price of gas is going to be right. do there to prepare to destroy something? how squished jogged the group, sand worm, a reference to the classic science fiction series dune sand worms live underground . when the surface the consequences are devastating. in ukraine, civilians were the targets of the attacks. the whole point is to stay below level
war, right, because nobody died, it was reversible, rank, and, and named shorter. you might make the argument that, that it was a design precisely not to be in a more to be an act that goes right up to the edge. cyber attack still take place in a gray area between war and peace. but that could change. it's an honor to be here, but i think it's more likely we're gonna end up because it won't. we end up in war . i real shooty more where the major power could be as a consequence of a cyber ridge of great consequence. the question is, how can you fight an opponent that attacks out of nowhere ever since the 2nd world war, the mighty united states has been suffering painful defeats. despite its superior weaponry. we have the best military in the world. they were the best troops,
the best training, the best technology, u. s. military has more money than the other top 10 biggest militaries in the world combined with. so what's the problem? above all conventional warfare is profitable for the arms industry. companies like lockheed martin and 1000000000 selling fighter planes like the f 35. it's a technical marvel that's invisible on radar and automatically scans the ground for targets. it's precise, lethal, fast and intelligent, but above all, it's expensive. the whole program costs us taxpayers and allies, $1.00 trillion dollars this weapon has no utility, it's already obsolete. it's not detouring russia or china, it's not winning wars in iraq and afghanistan get, we're buying more of these things. so the f 35 is like the maginot lied in 939.
it's an, it's an obsolete weapon built to win the last war and not the future war. for almost 20 years behind the armed us forces and their allies have been fighting in afghanistan, but the best technology is useless without a clear strategy. o. u. s. troops have also been fighting in iraq for years. 3. 0. so they wanted to put on a big show of the american military driving tanks across the borders, going all the way to baghdad and taking saddam down, culminating with that totally p. r, fabricated saddam statue falling down and feared elsewhere that in april 2003. so the conventional stuff at the beginning was all
a very carefully meticulously organized shop. ah, the united states and our allies have prevailed. ah, the political leadership had 3 awful choices. they could either leave iraq and afghanistan and seed the field to terrorists. mm hm. they could have a national draft like vietnam to rape the army, big enough that would be needed to occupy these places for you to come. the 3rd option was using private military contractors and contractors in general to fill the gaps that the u. s. military could not film and that became the new normal u. s. troops supported by private contractors. by the end of 2020,
a total of $4800.00 contractors would be working for the u. s. army and syria and iraq. and so by 2009, half of the american force in iraq was contracted. now of that, only about 15 percent were trigger polars. most of them were just making food and repairing vehicles. but the united states america had, you know, as a reliance strategically upon the private sector to sustain wars which is dangerous . ex navy seal, eric prince saw an opportunity with his company blackwater. he received contracts for personal security in iraq, but it didn't stop there very quickly. prince, who was close to dick cheney comes up with this notion that they can create an off the books ah, a cia type squad. zach can do things that the united states needs done
without it stamp on it without knowing that it was united states of america in the shadow of the media staged wars. the u. s. since special forces on secret missions, including hunting down terrorists, partly with the help of private mercenaries, the iraq war was really the moment when the most powerful nation in the world, the united states, put it stamp of legitimacy and approval on the notion that the nation state no longer has the sovereign control of organized use of force that it is acceptable for even veterans of the united states military to sell their us taxpayer funded knowledge and experience to the highest bidder. at the time, military veteran sean mc fate was studying at harvard university. i was running across campus late for us like a statistics and economics midterm study group. and i got a phone call and i literally went like this. you don't know who we are,
but we know who you are. we have a job in africa that we think you can help us with. would you consider dropping out of harvard? i to do it will pay a flight ticket down to texas. we're headquartered. we'll talk about it in the 19 ninety's mac vate was a paratrooper in the u. s. army. he then studied political science at the renowned university. and i was like, you know, mid term exam here, going to africa to some really strange up here. so i left harvard and i, and 3 years later i, i'd spent, i was, i spent in africa basically building small armies for us interest for a private military company. that did work on that, the c i a and that the department defense didn't want to touch as part of its
global war on terror. the u. s. entered into shifting alliances with other armed forces. like here in burgundy, sean rec fate was among those who carried out secret missions. with the help of the local military, he was tasked with preventing an assassination attempt being planned under rudy's president, according to ca, information it, but it did work. how i can tell you he doesn't talk about his other missions. there are reasons for secrecy. when you, as soldiers get killed, there does have to be reported. they have military funerals. there they, they come back in flag draped coffins when contractors die. nobody really cares for years. i used to track the number of contractor deaths and it was very, very difficult to, to do it. i mean, in some ways, i also knew that was being used for plaza deniability because i was doing very risky operations that they went poorly. the u. s. could disavow me,
they said they never would, but we all knew that's easy for them rather than rescue me. they called kite operations where you can cut away the kite elana float away. this plausible deniability is a central motivation for these sorts of shadow military operations. it's especially helpful when something goes wrong as it did in venezuela in may. 2020. by my office. today we're presenting the confession of the 2nd us special forces terrorists. i'll avoid, i've heard of it. what's your name? my name is aaron seth berry. what was the goal of the mission to get madura? his wife melanie very saw the video online ah, natty, it's something you can't imagine that you're just shocked. even berry came to germany with the u. s. army. he fought in iraq and afghanistan as well as close enough. he joined the army right after high school. he always wanted to serve his
country and to help other people that play in his. in 2013, he retired and worked as a tradesman inch fine for germany. them as though filiano when you've been doing what he did for so many years, you miss it a little, including the camaraderie. in late 2019, he signed up for a secret mission in columbia, ah, on the porter with venezuela among drug traffickers, spies and corrupt officials, very trained with special forces colleagues and deserted venezuelan soldiers. the goal was to overthrow the government in caracas and bring self proclaimed interim president, one guy, joe, to power. he wasn't president, you know, he was a guy running around saying, hey, i was for, i'm really the president. so they have all these meetings. they have shadow diplomacy going on, and then you have figures who had been involved with the intelligence apparatus in military apparatus in, in venezuela for years that are now part of the opposition who are sort of
whispering and why dozier, all, you know, we can work with with the mercenaries we could arrest to maduro. but the venezuelan government already knew about state television even broadcast, the names of mercenaries, luc, aaron, and jordan. already deleted jordan keith drew was in the special forces with berry . she now sent his old comrade on a hopeless mission. yeah, well it will never get well the full on may 3rd 2020. he announced via twitter. at 1700 hours, a daring instead, he afraid was launched from the border of columbia deep into the heart of krokus. our men are continued to fight right now, but their attack was anticipated. even berry was arrested together with other mercenaries in the coastal village of ju oh, here's the issue with the merchant. i whirled a lot of mercenaries, our former vats. right. they got our rack racked gas and they do multiple tours.
there. they come home and they can adjust well as civilian life. they, they are warriors and they, they're looking for wars and now that mercenaries are now back on the table, it gives them optionality to do so. the promise they don't know what they're getting into. i had played with i just got information, nothing to do with our government, but i just got information on that. so of what we'll find out with your thought about it, or whatever it is, we'll let you know. it was clear, the mercenaries were on their own, since the twenty's been sentenced to 20 years. is it going to be that long? i hope not. no, not all. american mercenaries are deserted by their government, like aaron barry was in 2007 blackwater boss eric prince, had to answer to congress after his mercenaries killed 17 iraqis in
a shooting spree in bagdad. u. s. president donald trump, later pardon the shooters from the incident, after the scandal, the blackwater brand was tarnished. prince set up new companies under changing names. one of them is based in hong kong. he runs a company called frontier services group based out of hong kong, its own primarily by beijing. they do belt road initiative, stuff in africa to strengthen beijing's national interests are gone. so you, you have heard prince, mister captain america, i'm ultra patriotic, going into business with powerful figures directly connected to the central committee of the chinese communist party. eric prince is working to become v global player in the world of shadow conflicts.
the mercenary business is global. moscow to relies on highly trained military veterans, russia always as he was mercenaries, voice and particularly under vladimir putin potent comes out of the k g, b. the k g b was using unofficial assets left and right all over the world as the see i was, none of this is new. what is new, as the technology that used to be the spies would have to go and find these unsavory characters that could do the hit for you. now they have websites. for example, russia's wagner group founded in 2014, the mercenary company is active in many conflict regions, including syria, where russian and u. s. units sometimes come menacingly close in 2018 u. s. troops and kurdish allies. we're operating in the oil rich region, east of the euphrates river, to the west was territory controlled by the assad regime supported by russia and iran, on the night of february, 7th, more than a 100 mercenaries,
reportedly crossed the river and came under u. s. fire. there are multiple narratives of, of what happened in that particular battle. and the narrative that the united states wants to put forward and did put forward in the form the pentagon going on the record about this was that the elite commandos from the united states had to take defensive action to preempt the threat that was being caused by russian mercenaries who were embedding with the syrian your regulars. and you have like a delta force. marines green berets. i with her there. i, there kurdish allies in a defensive position arise a gas facility. and they call in b 50 twos, at 15 strike giggles, a c 130 gun ships apache helicopters, drones, you missiles, you name it, the u. s. air force informed rushes,
military leaders about the impending air strikes. we were told there were no russia that was right off the d. confliction line. they said not our people. some wagner mercenaries were said to have been flown out following the battle from my studying of how mercenaries work you very rarely see hoards of mercenaries in a conflict. a handful of them go, but really the people doing the fighting. are the local people or their mercenaries hired from another country just to be hired guns? some of the shadow fighters were taken to local hospitals the next day. how many and what nationality they were was something neither side had any interest in clearing up. the reason it didn't go to wolf worth 3 is because both moscow and washington could disavow the entire thing. saying these varden group mercenaries are just mercenaries, a we don't care that much about mercenaries. so the world is turning as wars become
more shadowy. they're trying to shuttle forces like mercenaries, to get the job done with an undeclared battle between east and west. waged by mercenaries, covert operations and cyber attackers. today we announced criminal charges against the conspiracy of russian military intelligence officers who stand accused of conducting the most disruptive and destructive series of computer attacks ever attributed to a single group. the u. s. justice department accused 6 members of a russian military intelligence agency unit of being behind the sand, warm hacker group from its headquarters, known as the aquarium operatives developed digital weapons for use in the gray area
between war and peace. russia had become a shadow market for hackers, and potential mercenaries, rushes in an amazing position. all the real good talent is there, and all the talent has been committing crimes. so guess what? you have absolute authority over them because they can either do what you tell them or then go to jail and russian jails. not great. oh, what the hacker said tested in ukraine, they later repeated in the us. russian cyber attackers infiltrated a software company in texas solar lenses, a foreign that most people would think about it here. but it's actually just all over the world in terms of our firms mean tens of thousands of companies around the world use it. and the thing to think about is anybody they wanted access to, they had access to the only limitation they had was in their intent
a sign of how vulnerable the u. s. is critical. infrastructure is came in made 2021 pipeline operator colonial was attacked with russian ransomware, freezing the company gas stations ran out of fuel. the company paid $4400000.00 ransom to get their data back be it was the hardest decision i made in my 39 years in the energy industry. but the united states isn't only a target. it has its own cyber army. the enter, say intelligence agency, trying to find exploit vulnerabilities in the software that can be used to penetrate foreign networks. one of those back doors was called eternal blue, designed to attack the world's most common operating system, microsoft windows. but the n a say lost control of its own cyber weapon. unknown hackers copied eternal blue and distributed it on the internet. a short
time later, it reappeared as part of not petula the devastating cyber attack and ukraine. so one of the things that made not patch em war effective was as you so the turn of blue, which was a series of weaponized won't abilities and at the essay had actually developed eternal blue was a set of vulnerabilities that really shocked everybody at how effective they were exploits can be used for any kind of attack espionage, blackmail or sabotage. ah, there's a growing market for that kind of malware. ah, manuel, i took as a member of the chaos computer club in germany and a specialist in the protection of critical infrastructure. it's a buffet was an unbeatable, for example. this is a traitor of different exploits. they buy a vulnerabilities and security holes or executable files,
exploiting them out and explore. so the misuse of those moner ability is flushed and all this traitor offers up to $2500000.00 for an android smartphone. exploit is this legal elbows. it's not really tulsa, it's legal, but of course it borders on what's ethical and moral. for example, if it became known that an exploit you sold lead to a dissident in some country being persecuted for folks that would put you in a bad light shed money else. one place to list that was the case with mexican lawyer, carla, me just sal us in 2015 or more. oh, camino one that we were on our way to a meeting. i got a message from an a no number, not a case. it was very personal from me. family you sounded saddles, carla, my family is grieving. my father died and i'm sending you the address of the funeral as i clicked on the link. but nothing happened was implement them by so another or so it seemed. but with that one click,
pegasus software had infected the cellphone province to post it completely bugs the phone. come on, you can turn on the microphone, will take photos, access all the data from us. it's completely under the control of the attacker. the software was developed by the israeli company and a so group founded by former intelligence agents. it exports pegasus to countries including mexico, hungary and saudi arabia. ostensibly and the so group develops its products to fight terrorism. but who is and isn't a terrorist? is something determined by its customers? the most prominent case was that of journalist sharma ha, shoji, before he was murdered in istanbul, saudi consulate in 2018. his contact phones were hacked with pegasus software, with mexico is among the biggest customers in the spyware market,
supposedly because the state aims to spy on drug cartels shootings, murders and disappearances are part of life here. and most of these crimes go unsolved when she was hacked, lawyer, carla mitchell, sellers was working on a case of multiple murders among the victims were photojournalist rubin, espinosa and human rights activist nadia viola from the city of villa cruz senior lat on is a moment there in salina willis tell him it acquittals. they had left there a cruise after a series of threats and intimidation them in those threats that came directly from the state government. that is, i ended up for that at the in 2018 state governor javier duarte was sentenced to 9 years in prison for collaborating with the drug. cartels is glad. okay. lighting winter, let me find his advice or even the alley stay organized. crime is within the
institutions of state power. and the state basically focuses on spying on and persecuting people. they don't like such as journalists or human rights activists. and as they come to life in san jose, jasmine, those representing the victims, including salles, became targets themselves in mexico and around the world. pegasus is used to spy on journalists, opposition, figures, and other politicians. these days installation no longer requires the clicking of a link. it's practically unnoticeable. a missed call is enough to infect a smartphone and even phones that are not hacked can be dangerous. modern military recognizance can easily find out where the owner of a cell phone is. thanks to drone warfare attacks can be carried out anywhere.
this is the village of hush, amir in hunter, a mood province in eastern yemen. ah, on august 29th, 20123 hellfire missiles struck joining 5 men. one of the 1st witnesses on the scene was had been ali jobber center and our slaughter job here were explosions, like we'd never heard before. no, you saw dead bodies and blood everywhere. martinez that eliquis mikka lawyers for the victims families trying to find out why the u. s. drone strike happened at that particular time and place. the assumption is that it was a so called signature strike triggered through metadata of phone calls and the gps positions of cell phones are that been allied job or family suffered to deaths to this day. they don't know why attorney jennifer gibson represents them.
either strikes that are taken not based on someone's known identity or any known fact about some crime they might have committed. but rather based on a pattern of behavior free me with signature strikes. they don't know who they're hitting, who the enemy is, is determined by surveillance data. and there's plenty of that. it's evaluated by computers, which look for suspicious patterns. the most important data source is cellphones and the sim cards inside them. so in many cases, they're giving designations to sim cards or other identifiers without knowing who the people are, but they're essentially engaged in a kind of creative, extra judicial, legal process that could end in the death penalty. often innocent people are caught up in the fighting. one of them was he, mum, salim,
been ali jabber who had preached at the local mosque that day. a few hours earlier, he and his son in law ahmed, were sitting in front of the mosque asylum without a gun law, the limbs opinion about like i either was clear with oh, in this mosque, he criticized the murders committed by the group that to the living the wound wound on that day 3 strangers for looking for the mom who had publicly denounced al qaeda a young policeman while he'd been ali java learned of this vast de la hello sir la la willie unaudited with the enthusiasm of a young policeman. while he had said, i'll protect you with divan laws of it though, or would love of how to go. so they went down the street together. neither the mom
nor the policeman suspected that the strangers were being targeted by us drones. they walked from the mosque to the place where the strangers were waiting for them . then the missiles, it now could be that you're killing a hard core terrorist that was going to commit harmon people. but i haven't seen many cases where they proven that that was the case. what we hear a lot of is 10 al qaeda killed. you know, aka p members killed taliban kelvin. we don't often hear names. and so if you presume that it's one target one operation and they kill 10 people, you have to ask where those other 9 people since 2000 to more than 300 us drone strikes have been carried out in yemen. where than half of them under president trump. when
in august 2021, a conventional war came abruptly to an end. when the u. s. military hastily withdrew from afghanistan. during the withdrawal a suicide bomber entered the crowds waiting at cobbles airport, and blew himself up. more than 80 people were killed, mostly afghans. ah, 13 us marines were also among the dead. u. s. president joe biden immediately ordered a retaliatory strike. a drone fired on a target in the middle of cobble, reportedly an explosive vehicle of islam state. later, the u. s. admitted its intelligence was bad. ah, the attack killed 10 civilians, 7 of them children, ah, everything is a video game now. and we have all the toys in the world, the do it,
you know, and so does china. so does russia. so it is israel that this, this is the world we've created at least 18 countries currently use weaponized drones. they are controlled remotely without oversight from courts or declarations of war. and sometimes almost entirely without human decision making. autonomous drones search for targets automatically fire and forget drones from at least 4 nations circle over libya. for example. her fighting on the ground below are mercenaries in militia groups. many of them recruited and paid from abroad. conventional warfare is increasingly being replaced by shadow warfare . ah,
nuclear power and north korea, nonsense weapons. but secretly, dictator kim jung own, also unleashes his own cyber armies on the west. iran and israel have been waging a shadow war for decades, involving raids, sabotaged missile attacks and assassinations with varying levels of deniability. meanwhile, private mercenary companies are profiting from the trend. mercenaries oath to work themselves out of business. so because a profit motive they either start wars or long gait wars for profit and conflict as the one commodity that can creek demand for its supply.
ah yes the surely the vasic nozzle 20 or 30 years ago. this cyber culture was a sort of punk culture, blah. bon quick daughter to us. it's just a day. it's fundamentally changed mostly these days. it's just a hard core business to business. so spin ah, war is changed. the weapons that matter most to day are weapons that give you plausible deniability and not ra firepower. these shadow wars are seemingly unstoppable. they're constantly expanding into new territory in both the physical and the virtual world.
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resurrection of jesus christ is obama go bavaria. the world's largest passion play is back. every 10 years, visitors come from all over the world to see the staging of the biblical story. and this time, it's more up to date than ever. obama go. a village and it's passion. letters starts july, 3rd on d, w. good morning and how can miss passionate hatred of the people be explained your oh, cool tongue. go. a history of anti semitism is a history of stigmatization and exclusion of religious and political power. struggles in the christian christianity wants to come from it. that is why christianity use the figure of the gym as a guitar. it's a history of slender,
of hatred and violence. a 3rd of our people were exterminated $6000000.00 jews, like microbes to be annihilated even 77 years after the holocaust hatred towards jews is still pervasive. a history of anti semitism starts july, 2nd on d, w. ah ah, this is d w news, and these are our top stories. a french court, a sentence, the soul surviving perpetrator of the 2015 paris terrorist attacks to life in prison. 130 people died in the coordinated assaults on a.