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tv   The 77 Percent  Deutsche Welle  July 2, 2022 4:30pm-5:01pm CEST

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for a long i'm and how did the cold war in 45 minutes on w. d. w's crime fighters are back with africa. most successful radio drama series continues for them. all episodes are available online. and of course you can share and discuss on d. w africa's facebook page and other social media platforms, crime fighters, tune in now. hello that are you doing? i'm good to thanks for asking. welcome to another edition of the 77 percent that show for africa majority you. i am your host eddie mike,
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a junior now today we're looking into an issue that affects many young people across the continent. i'm talking about the use and abuse of drugs, but we're not just looking at the problem, but also how young people can support the appears in dealing with it. if what's coming out in tenure, we investigate how heroin addiction has grown in coastal community. we explore how might wanna might become the money spinner in montaigne of the social that we need to hi kicking, marcia loud actress who knows no limit. now let's start off in kenya, where many coastal towns have become called sports of drug trafficking. in the wake of the cooper 19 pandemic, the communities are now confronted with rise in numbers of drug addicts. the world
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health organization, regional office for africa estimates more than half of drug users are between 10 to 19 years old. now that is staggering, our very own either kamani went to see for herself out this worrying trend affects the daily life. it's a curious sight, an infant slippers strewn with cigarette waste and drug paraphernalia. then again, this is no ordinary home. it's where us here, bianca and her husband lived together with their son. both parents had drug addicts and the slippers belonged to their little girl who died only 6 months after she was born. i was old. when we went to bed, she was fine, and then when i woke up, she was foaming at the mouth. i got scared. that must be a kind and hoped when i was high on heroin, that i hadn't placed my hand or leg on her, causing her to suffocate. okay. despite the doctor's ruling out her
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fears, as he still carried the guilt of her daughter's death and her 3 year diction, the 20 year old was introduced to the habit by her boyfriend. he would secretly lease her cigarettes with a powder. and by the time she found out she was already addicted like that. oh, i was in pain, yawning, and called in a schematic. that's when i saw him and he said, you are going through withdrawn and you've been on heroin. now i'm hooked there and there's no way for me to go to rehab with nearly 3000 active injecting drug users. melinda horse, one of the highest numbers of heroin addicts and kenya played most coastal towns in the country. it's used by international traffic as, as a transit point for drugs which are transported from afghanistan to the west. the covered 19th, endemic coupled with a feeling tourism industry has only made things worse for uses in this area.
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i doesn't take us long to see just how bad things can get mohammed is he had to get methadone, a synthetic opioid used for drug addiction therapy. but it's not good news. he needs to reduce his harrowing intake further before he can be put on the therapy. i took the opportunity to ask him how he's feeling. as i look at you, whether i feel like rubbing you in drug the need to go get to hear something in. because i'm going through withdrawal now. where did i ever use hearing? i have nothing. i'm left with nothing to see the wesley wash it really hats me or whatever. outside there many more active and recovering drug users. when they see the camera they asked, we can offer them work is a deep sense of despair here as most are left with nothing but the on my re project
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a community base rehabilitation center officials here, one of a worrying trend that has emerged with the fund demik when school closed and kids took going to school. so the number of vent group is a short term funder because in molina so many people, if you're not taking catering, then they're taking good smoking marijuana and figuring just a minute. i'm one of just got the pandemic is also pushing recovering addicts to the edge is on for, but i have thoughts of relapsing and they're very disturbing. but when i come here, i feel some sense of relief, not a lodging. you at some reason if you go said a gully, meant to say how the government has forgotten us when we are left homeless, sick, sick at home, or sick in the streets. so we have no choice but to support each other. our new for asha, her only support at the moment is her husband himself, an addict, will leave the young mother cleaning a half abandoned house, a fitting metaphor for a woman struggling to keep her life together. that it
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was quite a touching story, wasn't it? drug abuse of the huge problem and has been he rise in problem across africa? well, yes excellency, that job losses and school closures due to the cobra and amec caused drug use to increase. but is that the whole truth about drug abuse in africa? let's join less show for some answers. let's start with the quiz. the most consumed drug in africa is alcohol. that's right. that means the most drug users wouldn't even call themselves drug users, because alcohol is a legal drag. and as we know, it's actually more socially acceptable to drink than to smoke marijuana. we'll talk about illegal drugs in a moment. but 1st quick question. number 2, what the african country has the heaviest drinkers?
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well, according to the world health organization, it's the shelves, the average person there drinks a whopping 20 leaders of pure alcohol per year. also in the top 5 is uganda, followed by working at fossil tanzania and nigeria. okay, let's talk other drugs now. did you know that south africa is the only country in africa where marijuana is legalized? well, we asked people in ghana whether other countries should follow this path as well. for me, maybe i would go in for a week because it seems dr. domestically a quite animal people are using this. so i think maybe read should really go picking my view with smoking. it actually is the my like,
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i think something like mixing. i don't really have a fair idea of i read in journal when you use it. i think maybe to your time tonight after like our friends talking about it. now, here is an interesting fact. although most drugs remain illegal, the un estimates that by 2030 africa is going to see an increase if of a staggering 40 percent of drug users. why? well, the main reason is that the population is growing and getting younger and younger. and statistics show that young people take more drugs. there is one elicit drug that is especially famous among young people. marry one, i'm a weed, a kind of also a popular in the population as
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a whole. our heroine, cocaine, crystal mask. and prescription drugs like tramadol and coding. and then there are local drugs that are often not captured in international statistics. we also have a plan to the growth in middle middle middle is the account in kenya that growth plant called cut me to easily available and therefore other people get their high by sniffing, glue or petrol or even smoking lives are part. what i find interesting is that we africans have some of the strictest laws against drug use, but that is not deterring people from consumption. why my toy, from uganda, believe the love of his country are too strict. his uganda harm reduction that work has been criticized for offering legal support to those arrested for injecting drug
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like harry. and like if you do like a small portion of that sort of thing for you. you look back on what's going to have been using them, look good money or community already. if i wanted to be community, i found it shocking that some uganda and have even been arrested for seeking help. according to the 2016 uganda and anti narcotics law, addicts cannot go to rehab or get treatment at the countries only a clinic that offers medication assisted treatment or math without reporting to the police and a judge ordering them to get therapy. so i'm not surprised that many decide to stay in the shadow. on top of that african substance, abusers are not only seen as criminals, but also as sinners. so instead of getting them medical treatment,
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families prefer seeking help in church. believing that one is i think that should be validated before the judge blades and then that's a good morning we run out. so what's the best way to deal with the drug issue? first of all, experts say it's important to inform possible users that drugs can have devastating effects on your physical and mental health. even so called light drugs like alcohol or am i want them. please make sure you know about these before taking anything. experts also believe that it's important to fight stigma, offer free rehabilitation and medical treatment to those who seek it and treat drug users as people who need medical help and not as criminals. let us know what you
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think. thanks for that info. let's show and yeah, bite in the stigmatize zation of drug use as is a good way to tackle the problem. many african countries are looking into the drug policies, especially regarding the use and production of cannabis, and some asking, legalize it, or not. well, as you would expect by mixed opinions on the legalize asian of kind of is across the continent. we quizzed people on the streets of thought, africa can yeah. on my area to sadie, i felt with us so since kind of this is legalized in south africa, when we're looking at the medical speak to all of it, yes, it does increase your health benefits. it's beneficial to you all. but now that it's ease legalize legislation, it's much more lenient. so the for, it's been official to society as well. so when you give a life it's not going to be criminalized, so in the government use that opportunity, they can use it to say that so something is a tax,
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but i think when i should be legalized, well, you can see 30 illegal. i mean, everyone is doing different over, you know, so it's better that we can, we can just, you know, start making something out of it that the poor people be enough. but the, going to be enough from the legal isolation of guns. we see because all that, each companies they have the money and they have the facilities. i think it needs to be put. we put that thing korea because there is some medicine all way and there's some way it will destroy innovation. well, we definitely don't want the drafts to destroy the generation dewey. thanks guys for speaking out. so what do you think say your thoughts, but other than our social media platforms? a fine, it's a fascinating debate. now since marijuana made headlines for it's using kind of treatments medicine, all cannabis has been touted as the next big money maker. but in the soto,
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not everybody's happy about the conditions. that's find out why money doesn't grow on trees, but this bus or was a 100 years for grant. this is mary fino can obvious. it contains high levels of can now be dual or cbd. a popular remedy against inflammation, pain, and nausea. in 2017 sort of became the 1st african country to legalize cannabis farming for messina youth. creating a whole new industry for the tiny self and african country point thing behind. they moved from the capitol, my favorite book, into her whole village here in the muscle to highland, to walk for the company and g help. she never dreamed that she would one day grew can before living. first time i had, i won't be. and i couldn't believe that this thing can come here at our feet, but it's happen even live. and there is no need of us
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to go outside and look for some dog. listen to have ideal growing conditions for now. but. but m g health is still the only company that it's for the medical grade cannot be from the country because it is used in the pharmaceutical industry. the production requirements are extremely high. over the past 5 years, m g health has invested over 34000000 euros in greenhouses irrigation systems and skills training. now the company has set it sites on expansion mean play over 280 people. these are young people, very smart people that were never able to find jobs. and today, you know, we exporting tea, poland, germany shortly into the u. k. but this isn't good news for everyone. we cannot be set to become a major cash crop for big business. small holder, gro was around the country, and now abandoning the plants once clear for the black market in south africa.
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picky, so come only is the only cannabis farmer left in his village. police raids and price competition from sutherland have made it almost impossible to maintain his club. for him, things were much better before the installation kicked me in my village. every household used to have a field of cannabis running on. why do you mean it was all full here and that's how people made a living. but while i lived in cuz it people didn't even bother to grow may's parents could send their children to school because of kind of best can i? i will add me the keys will come only walk, said his young neighbour, trouble for local together, they dry and deceive the but before smuggling them over the border for low cost, he's no way to make his business legal licenses to grow cannabis costs around.
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$32000.00 euros way out of range for small holder, gro was for frequently targeted by the police. ah, my good, where you go get, i feel very disappointed. things didn't work out the way they said they wouldn't buy gifts, and we thought would be able to grow cannabis legally. but i can buy a license. it's frustrating. i think there should be some form of support like a corporation where someone katrina and help us secure a license of one another. then we all put together funding that could help us start our business from the ground. again, our face nathan saw got lucinda. after a long day trimming cannot be plant. my honda is ready to wrap up her shift. 2 years ago she quit her job in a clothing factory material where she saw jeans for 12 hours a day, 6 days a week in the greenhouse. the walking conditions are much better and she and twice
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as much as she used to cannot be has quite literally change her life just like the patient who will eventually benefit from her product. i believe kind of both has a bright future and the photo. and when i started working in the greenhouse, they told me we make drugs for 6 people. people need medicine, so they need the cannabis for generations. cannabis farming was frowned upon or even punished with jail time. little tore has liberated this once close space for big business, but small hold the growers like for local and kamali. i've left empty handed in this evolving sector. it seems they are still winners and losers. a definitely as an evolving sector that needs the right policies. so no one loses out. i don't know about you, but i've had enough of drugs, right? let's move away from narcotics and instead, get high on protecting our environment. in ethiopia,
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entrepreneur kid is to spice company. tuba aimed to reduce the countries addiction to plastic shopping bags. she's not only challenging environmental pollution, but also creating jobs in odessa baba eco friendly in fair bags for men, women for work or for going out and produced locally in ethiopia. impossible will not for keeter's test failure kit is founded to but if you appear in 20. 19 in this suburb of addis ababa heat is created. 31 jobs for women like us. all the women are weavers in work from home. heaters comes regularly to collect the fabric, the me after this we use these fabrics for oh, different dates, dental bugs. so we can barely through the way that he just had the idea to start
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a business 5 years ago. at that time she was a student and she was living in this area which is known for this big dumpsite in 2017, a landslide on the site cause the death of at least 130 people. after this event, ketone wanted to do something for the neighborhood. one of the reasons why that happened was existential philosophy, sponsoring the garbage. got 3 get the concept of the later bell. we chose at that time if we produce environmentally friendly shopping box like paper, bog strawberry box, we can replace plastic box. but she soon realised that the initial capital needed to produce paper or fabric for shopping bags was too high for her. so she looked for another way to create jobs here and no domains will live around here and that and also that the incident happened died in this area. so i wanted to create the opportunity for the humans who live around here. tina new was one of the 1st employees of ketone barrister. very good. i'm trying to see if
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she'd due to the fall break as i want it or as i trained her. so it's ok. all the kids work is motivated by one idea to create jobs for women. she trains them herself in weaving a skill she learned from her mother. she is to make different crafting things like coaching, nipping things like that. so i learned from her, from her to nana, looks after 3 children. this work allows her to provide for a large part of the family's needs. with the money she's giving me, i pay the rent for my house from also have an extra job doing. she ruba has to with the money from that i pay the rest of the food et cetera. job. and i with the fabric made by the women heated returns to her office in the city center of addis
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ababa. the bags are then made in this small room. i'm not the designer professionally. so i just, when i see something and when anyone who knows some kind of bug, i just picked out of my mind and then i tried to draw it on and bought out a paper, but then the paper. and then i think i cut alpha beta sheet is, is not a designer, but she can count on the help of a friend, one of the 4 experience taylors, she is hired a home was you catch up to go to, we discuss with kid ist marching europe mostly i work with leather and we mixed the leather with the fabric from the women worked with. there are no to the shops yet. so most of the cells take place at bazaars, small markets for craftsman and they're slowly restarting, after almost disappearing in the last month because of co heed. and that kind of situation here, there was no, was on the market,
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was very dawn. so it was not about the food, but now things are getting better. kiedis cells $60.00 to $75.00 bags every month, to cope with the crisis and to reuse the leather scraps she started to sell smaller and cheaper objects like wallets were bracelets. she also often works at night to sell her products in a concert hall for the future. she dreams of selling more and more bags to create more jobs for women. and in the longer term, she hopes to relaunch her idea of ecological shopping bag. yeah, we should all 5 environmental pollution, especially with fact creative solutions. now come with me to 1000 ia and let me agnes give luca. marcia last actress. she wants to become a movie star, as he's kicking hard to make this dream a reality. but she knows a healthy work life balance is just as important as
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a story. agnes kiefer luca is among the 1st actresses in east africa to perform in martial arts film. it is rare for women to participate in such movies, nodded and you will get action when i saw that there not too many women here in terms of near who are in action. so any not fussy, i'm bo one enough to to check the phone. i think of it, i said, i want to take on this opportunity so that i can easily find success rates need for women who can act in action film. you can look us young when you sent us the paper that many women act in dramas. so should that what you need to call me? i will be the only one. but when you get so much when i've been the son and i've been affect the turns in an action heroine trains every morning to strengthen hotel
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and, and her legs. this is the secret to her success. but despite being a boxing actress, agnes also enjoys a normal life. made a fan. it is very easy when i am at home. i am like a mother and a book when issues and when i am at work. i change quogue and this is why people differentiate between home and walk life or accounting, no company. my shannon by agnes. his dream is to make her country famous for its martial arts, talent. one day she hopes to become known in the global film industry. oh, you know, i get some mixed martial arts, but how's much younger?
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but i would not want to mess with hair. that's for sure. got to wrap up this show so i can hit the job. but hey, don't forget to hit the subscribe batson on youtube and connect with us on our social media platforms. thanks for sticking with us. as always, we want to play you out with some good music. this time we have nigeria musician david o. enjoy. and so, you know, i been with ah, with
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a few of nuclear weapons is 30 years after the end of the room. but not just since rush is a telecom international experts have been warning for a long time,
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confrontation and on them and how did with cold war in 15 minutes on w. what's making the headlines and what's behind them? dw news africa. this shows that the issues shape in the continent life is slowly getting back to normal. yeah. well, in the streets to give you enough reports on the inside of our cars. funds is on the ground reporting from across the continent and all the trend stuff from outside to you. 90 minutes on d, w. o in many push. so now in the world right now, the climate change, if any,
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off the story. this is my flex, the way from just one week. how much work can really get we still have time to go. i'm going all with what 5th? his subscriber all morning was like good. good mike. how can miss passionate hatred of the people be explained? your a gold top gold. a history of anti semitism is a history of stigmatization and exclusion of religious and political power struggles in the christian christianity wants to come for. that is why christianity use the figure of the gym as well? it's a history of slender, of hatred and violence. a 3rd of our people were exterminated $6000000.00
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jews, like microbes to be annihilated even 77 years after the holocaust hatred towards jews is still pervasive. history of anti semitism this week on d. w. mm. mm. ah, this is debbie news live from berlin. ukraine accuses russia of acts of terror. president vladimir soleski says moscow deliberate deliberately attacked civilians after missiles strike, apartment blocks odessa telling more than 20 people also coming up to crane asking turkey to obtain a russia.


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